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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 271: 113898, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556476

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Activation of autophagy has been implicated in cerebral ischiemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Salvianolate lyophilized injection (SLI) has been widely used in the clinical treatment of cerebrovascular disease in China. Whether SLI has any influence on the activation of autophagy in cerebral I/R injury remains elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study were to assess whether SLI attenuates I/R-induced brain injury and evaluate its associated mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Focal cerebral ischaemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). SLI (21 mg/kg) was injected intravenously at the beginning of the reperfusion period and 24 and 48 h after ischaemia. The effects of SLI on brain injury were detected according to infarct volume, neurological score, brain oedema, and HE and TUNEL staining at 72 h post-MCAO. Western blotting was used to detect alterations in the autophagy-relevant proteins LC3, Beclin-1, mTOR, p62, Lamp-1, and CTSD in the ipsilateral cortex at 24 or 72 h post-MCAO. RESULTS: We first demonstrated that SLI significantly alleviated the infarct volume, neurological deficits, and brain oedema, and reduced the number of TUNEL-positive cells in rats with cerebral I/R injury. Next, we found that SLI has a bidirectional regulatory effect on autophagy: early-stage (24 h) cerebral ischaemia promotes the activation of autophagy and developmental-stage (72 h) cerebral ischaemia has an inhibitory effect. SLI enhanced I/R-induced autophagy as evidenced by the increased expression level of the autophagy marker protein LC3Ⅱ, as well as the decreased expression of mTOR and the autophagy substrate protein p62, but there was no change in lysosomal activity at 24 h after I/R-induced injury. Moreover, SLI also inhibited excessive activation of autophagy at 72 h after I/R-induced injury, which manifested as downregulating LC3Ⅱ expression, upregulating mTOR and p62 expression, and inhibiting lysosomal activity. CONCLUSION: SLI has a protective effect on cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion injury, which may be mediated by the autophagy-lysosome pathway.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(5): e23774, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592833

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To investigate the status quo of empowerment ability of primary caregivers in post-stroke patients with disability and its influencing factors.A cross-sectional design and a convenience sample were used. Participants (N = 189) from 3 hospital in Beijing were recruited from October 2018 to June 2019. The following measurement tools were used in this study: Barthel index, Main Caregiver Empowerment Measurement, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Social Support Rating Scale. Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis was used to statistically infer the influencing factors of empowerment ability of primary caregivers.The total score of main caregivers' empowerment measurement among the participants was 161.03 ±â€Š14.678, the median (interquartile range) score was 162.00 (150.00-171.50). The average scores of each dimension ranged from high to low: relationship with the person being cared for, goodwill care, expectation for care outcomes, subjectivity of caregiver, faith in care, understanding of care role, knowledge and skills of care, scruples about the surroundings, personal resources. The single factor analysis showed that the patient's payment method for medical expenses, whether the patient accompanied by other chronic diseases and the gender of the caregiver had an effect on the empowerment ability of primary caregivers, and the positive coping style, negative coping style, self-efficacy and subjective support of primary caregivers were positively correlated with their empowerment ability (P < .05). Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis showed that the type of payment for treatment of patients (b = 7.449, P < .01), and gender of caregivers (b = 5.039, P < .05), subjective support of caregivers (b = 0.439, P < .05), positive coping style of caregivers (b = 0.585, P < .01), self-efficacy of caregivers (b = 6.456, P < .01) were the main influencing factors of empowerment ability of primary caregivers.The empowerment ability of the primary caregivers of post-stroke patients with disability in China is at the upper middle level. However, there are more scruples about the surrounding and less personal resources, which deserve attention. Furthermore, the identification of the factors related to empowerment lays a foundation for clinical nursing practitioners to further develop targeted interventions on empowerment of caregivers.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to develop an artificial intelligence-based method to screen patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 50% or lesser using electrocardiogram (ECG) data alone. METHODS: Convolutional neural network (CNN) is a class of deep neural networks, which has been widely used in medical image recognition. We collected standard 12-lead ECG and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) data including the LVEF value. Then, we paired the ECG and TTE data from the same individual. For multiple ECG-TTE pairs from a single individual, only the earliest data pair was included. All the ECG-TTE pairs were randomly divided into the training, validation, or testing data set in a ratio of 9:1:1 to create or evaluate the CNN model. Finally, we assessed the screening performance by overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value. RESULTS: We retrospectively enrolled a total of 26 786 ECG-TTE pairs and randomly divided them into training (n = 21 732), validation (n = 2 530), and testing data set (n = 2 530). In the testing set, the CNN algorithm showed an overall accuracy of 73.9%, sensitivity of 69.2%, specificity of 70.5%, positive predictive value of 70.1%, and negative predictive value of 69.9%. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that a well-trained CNN algorithm may be used as a low-cost and noninvasive method to identify patients with left ventricular dysfunction.

4.
Curr Microbiol ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543358

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, aerobic, thermophilic strains, designated FJAT-2464T and FJAT-52740, were isolated from the sediment collected from Zhangjiang Estuary Mangrove National Nature Reserve in Fujian Province, China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains FJAT-2464T and FJAT-52740 was 100%. The result suggests that strains FJAT-2464T and FJAT-52740 belong to the same genome species, hence only FJAT-2464T was considered for further analysis. Strain FJAT-2464T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to the type strains of Neobacillus thermocopriae SgZ-7T (99.9%), Neobacillus cucumis AP-6T (97.6%) and Neobacillus drentensis LMG 21831T (97.5%). Growth was observed at 25-65 °C (optimum 60 °C), pH 7.0-8.0 (optimum 8.0) with NaCl tolerance up to 1.0% (w/v) (optimum without NaCl %). The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and MK-7 was the only respiratory quinone. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0 and anteiso-C15:0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified aminophospholipid and unidentified lipids. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain FJAT-2464T and the most closely related strain N. thermocopriae SgZ-7T was below the threshold value for species delineation. Based on the above results, strain FJAT-2464T represents a novel species of the genus Neobacillus, for which the name Neobacillus sedimentimangrovi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FJAT-2464T (= MCCC 1K04406T = KCTC 43264T).

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533002

RESUMO

The antibiotic distributions, partitioning, and migration pathways in river basins have withdrawn great attention in the past decades. This study investigates 26 antibiotics of five classifications in surface water and sediment samples at 23 sites in Fenhe River, a typical tributary of Yellow River. There are 21 antibiotics found in the water samples at the concentration from 113.8 to 1106.0 ng/L, in the decreasing order of SAs > QNs > MLs > TCs > CAs. Fifteen antibiotics were detected in the sediment at the concentrations from 25.11 to 73.22 µg/kg following the decreasing order of SAs > MLs > TCs > QNs > CAs. The antibiotic concentrations vary greatly in surface water, generally lower in upstream and in reservoirs, and reaching highest in the midstream of the Fenhe River after passing Taiyuan and Jinzhong, and then lower again in the downstream. The antibiotic concentrations in sediment have a less variation in the entire river basin, but become high in the downstream. The results show the water-sediment partitioning coefficients of antibiotics generally were lower than those in other areas, having a migration path from the water to suspended solids, and then accumulated in sediment. The water-sediment partitioning coefficients also vary across the basin. The water-sediment partitioning coefficients of sulfacetamide and tetracycline are higher than the water-sediment partitioning coefficients of other antibiotics, with less variation across the basin, the water-sediment partitioning coefficients of azithromycin, enrofloxacin, and roxithromycin are low in the midstream of the river, and high at the river source and downstream. The water-sediment partitioning coefficients are significantly affected by the pH of sediment and the particle size of sediment. The prediction models of water-sediment partitioning coefficients for antibiotics are constructed with the selected effecting factors. The simulation values of antibiotics except chlortetracycline and erythromycin are highly consistent with the observed values, indicating that the prediction model is reliable.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 136: 111251, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used in the prevention of gastric bleeding caused by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), there is no consensus on the optimal regimen for these patients. Therefore, we aim to investigate whether intermittent use of low-dose PPI is sufficient to prevent post-ESD bleeding. METHODS: This multicenter, non-inferiority, randomized controlled trial was conducted at 9 hospitals in China. Consecutive eligible patients with a diagnosis of gastric mucosal lesions after ESD treatment were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either intermittent low-dose or continuous high-dose PPIs treatment. After three days, all patients administered orally esomeprazole 40 mg once a day for 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was post-ESD bleeding within 7 days. Analysis was done according to the intention-to-treat principle with the non-inferiority margin (Δ) of 5%. RESULTS: 526 consecutive patients were assessed for eligibility from 30 September 2017 to 30 July 2019, of whom 414 were randomly assigned to low-dose (n = 209) or high-dose (n = 205) esomeprazole treatment group without dropouts within7 days. The total post-ESD bleeding is occurred in 13 (6.2 %, 95 % CI 3.3-9.6) of 209 within 7 days in the intermittent low-dose group, and 12 (5.9 %, 95 % CI 2.9-9.3) of 205 in the continuous high-dose group. The absolute risk reduction (ARR) was 0.4 % (-4.2, 4.9). One month after ESD, There are 44 patients (21.1 %, 95 % CI 15.8, 26.8) and 39 patients (19.0 % 95 % CI 13.7, 24.4) in scar stage respectively in low-dose group and high-dose group (P = 0.875).The hospital costs in the low-dose PPI group was lower than high -dose group (P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: The intermittent use of low-dose PPIs is sufficient to prevent post-ESD bleeding. It might be applied in clinical practice to prevent post-ESD bleeding and reduce the costs related to PPIs.

7.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 8, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the predictive potential of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT)-based imaging biomarkers (IBMs) for the treatment outcomes of patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) after definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: Altogether, 154 patients with OSCC who underwent definitive CCRT were included in this retrospective study. All patients were randomised to the training cohort (n = 99) or the validation cohort (n = 55). Pre-treatment contrast-enhanced CT scans were obtained for all patients and used for the extraction of IBMs. An IBM score, was constructed by using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator with Cox regression analysis, which was equal to the log-partial hazard of the Cox model in the training cohort and tested in the validation cohort. IBM nomograms were built based on IBM scores for individualised survival estimation. Finally, a decision curve analysis was performed to estimate the clinical usefulness of the nomograms. RESULTS: Altogether, 96 IBMs were extracted from each contrast-enhanced CT scan. IBM scores were constructed from 11 CT-based IBMs for overall survival (OS) and 8 IBMs for progression-free survival (PFS), using the LASSO-Cox regression method in the training cohort. Multivariate analysis revealed that IBM score was an independent prognostic factor correlated with OS and PFS. In the training cohort, the C-indices of IBM scores were 0.734 (95% CI 0.664-0.804) and 0.658 (95% CI 0.587-0.729) for OS and PFS, respectively. In the validation cohort, C-indices were 0.672 (95% CI 0.578-0.766) and 0.666 (95% CI 0.574-0.758) for OS and PFS, respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a significant difference between risk subgroups in the training and validation cohorts. Decision curve analysis confirmed the clinical usefulness of the IBM score. CONCLUSIONS: The IBM score based on pre-treatment contrast-enhanced CT could predict the OS and PFS for patients with OSCC after definitive CCRT. Further multicentre studies with larger sample sizes are warranted.

8.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403798

RESUMO

As a new product of high-value utilization of lignin, lignin micro/nano particles (LMNPs) have attracted the attention of researchers due to their non-toxicity, corrosion-resistance, UV resistance, and other excellent characteristics and potential application value. This article outlined the main preparation methods of LMNPs at the current stage, summarized and compared them from three perspectives of preparation technology, final product state and product composition. Subsequently, based on the different focuses of the properties of LMNPs, their application research progress as fillers, UV blockers, drug delivery carriers, among others, were introduced. Then a concise analysis of the technical and economic assessment and life cycle assessment of LMNPs in the process of industrialization was made. Finally, the main problems at present and the future development directions were analyzed and prospected to provide references for the deep processing of forest resources and the development of bio-based nanomaterials.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(4): 480-483, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326520

RESUMO

A novel water-soluble near-infrared fluorescent probe named QX-P with simple synthesis is developed. QX-P has high sensitivity and selectivity to ALP. Moreover, the probe can not only visualize ALP activity in four cell lines, but also real-time image ALP activity during the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes in mice.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/enzimologia , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Fluorometria , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Camundongos , Compostos de Quinolínio/síntese química , Compostos de Quinolínio/química , Compostos de Quinolínio/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Xantenos/síntese química , Xantenos/química , Xantenos/toxicidade
11.
Breast ; 55: 7-15, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of peripheral blood lymphocyte (pBL) in breast cancer has long been studied. However, the predictive role of pBL in advanced breast cancer (ABC) is poorly understood. METHODS: A total of 303 patients with ABC were consecutively recruited at our center between January 2015 and September 2019. At baseline, pBL subtypes were detected in all patients with 229 blood samples available for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) detection. pBL was analyzed through flow cytometry. ctDNA-based gene mutations were detected using next generation sequencing. The cutoff value of pCTL was estimated by X-tile software. Progression free survival (PFS) was estimated by Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox hazard proportion regression model, with difference detection by log-rank test. RESULTS: Median follow-up time of the study was 21.0 months. The median age of diagnosis was 52.0 years. Among the pBL subtypes, only pCTL level was found predictive for PFS in the HER2+ patients whom received anti-HER2 therapy (13.1 vs. 5.6 months, P = 0.001). However, the predictive role of pCTL was not found in HR-positive (P = 0.716) and TNBC (P = 0.202). pCTL high associated with suppressive immune indictors including lower CD4/CD8 ratio (P = 0.004) and high level of Treg cell (P = 0.004). High occurrence of FGFR1 amplification which has been reported as immune suppressor was also found in HER2+ patients with pCTL high (22.2% vs. 4.3%, P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS: Higher pCTLs level associated with shorter PFS and FGFR1 mutation in HER2+ ABC patients.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post hoc analysis of the landmark atrial fibrillation follow-up investigation of rhythm management trial revealed that amiodarone was associated with higher risks of mortality, intensive care unit admission, and non-cardiovascular death. We aim to evaluate the association between amiodarone use and patient survival under updated medical mode and level using data from the China Atrial Fibrillation (China-AF) Registry study. METHODS: Clinical data of 8161 non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients who were antiarrhythmic drug (AAD)-naïve before enrollment into the China-AF Registry, recruited between August 2011 and February 2017, were collected. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. A Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to evaluate the association between amiodarone use and the outcome. We also calculated the rate of sinus rhythm maintenance at the penultimate follow-up. RESULTS: Compared with 6167 patients of non-AAD group, 689 patients of the amiodarone group were younger (mean age 65.6 vs. 68.6 years), more frequently completed high school education, had fewer comorbidities such as chronic heart failure, prior bleeding, and stroke, and were more likely to be treated in tertiary hospitals while less hospitalization. The proportion of persistent AF was much lower among users of amiodarone, who were also less likely to be taking oral anticoagulants. The patients in the amiodarone group had a statistically insignificant lower incidence of all-cause mortality (2.44 vs. 3.91 per 100 person-years) over a mean follow-up duration of 300.6 ±â€Š77.5 days. After adjusting for potential confounders, amiodarone use was not significantly associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.42-1.49). Sub-group analysis revealed the consistent results. The rate of sinus rhythm maintenance at the penultimate follow-up in the amiodarone group was significantly higher than in the non-AAD group. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that amiodarone use was not significantly associated with a lower risk of 1-year all-cause mortality compared with a non-AAD strategy in "real-world" patients with NVAF.

13.
Sci Adv ; 6(49)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277244

RESUMO

A new generation of rocket propellants for deep space exploration, ionic liquid propellants, with long endurance and high stability, is attracting more and more attention. However, a major defect of ionic liquid propellants that restricts their application is the inadequate hypergolic reactivity between the fuel and the oxidant, and this defect results in local burnout and accidental explosions during the launch process. We propose a visualization model to show the features of structure, density, thermal stability, and hypergolic activity for estimating propellant performances and their application abilities. This propellant materials genome and visualization model greatly improves the efficiency and quality of developing high-performance propellants, which benefits the discovery of new advanced functional molecules in the field of energetic materials.

14.
Entropy (Basel) ; 22(6)2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33286390

RESUMO

Among all the methods of extracting randomness, quantum random number generators are promising for their genuine randomness. However, existing quantum random number generator schemes aim at generating sequences with a uniform distribution, which may not meet the requirements of specific applications such as a continuous-variable quantum key distribution system. In this paper, we demonstrate a practical quantum random number generation scheme directly generating Gaussian distributed random sequences based on measuring vacuum shot noise. Particularly, the impact of the sampling device in the practical system is analyzed. Furthermore, a related post-processing method, which maintains the fine distribution and autocorrelation properties of raw data, is exploited to extend the precision of generated Gaussian distributed random numbers to over 20 bits, making the sequences possible to be utilized by the following system with requiring high precision numbers. Finally, the results of normality and randomness tests prove that the generated sequences satisfy Gaussian distribution and can pass the randomness testing well.

15.
Molecules ; 26(1)2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375527

RESUMO

[AAE]X composed of amino acid ester cations is a sort of typically "bio-based" protic ionic liquids (PILs). They possess potential Brønsted acidity due to the active hydrogens on their cations. The Brønsted acidity of [AAE]X PILs in green solvents (water and ethanol) at room temperature was systematically studied. Various frameworks of amino acid ester cations and four anions were investigated in this work from the viewpoint of structure-property relationship. Four different ways were used to study the acidity. Acid dissociation constants (pKa) of [AAE]X determined by the OIM (overlapping indicator method) were from 7.10 to 7.73 in water and from 8.54 to 9.05 in ethanol. The pKa values determined by the PTM (potential titration method) were from 7.12 to 7.82 in water. Their Hammett acidity function (H0) values (0.05 mol·L-1) were about 4.6 in water. In addition, the pKa values obtained by the DFT (proton-transfer reactions) were from 7.11 to 7.83 in water and from 8.54 to 9.34 in ethanol, respectively. The data revealed that the cationic structures of [AAE]X had little effect and the anions had no effect on the acidity of [AAE]X. At the same time, the OIM, PTM, Hammett method and DFT method were reliable for determining the acidic strength of [AAE]X in this study.

16.
J Immunol Res ; 2020: 5269787, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381603

RESUMO

Background: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors have made unprecedented progress in the treatment of cancer. Methods: A systemic search was conducted for randomized controlled trials that compared PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor monotherapy or combination therapy with nonimmunotherapy. Hazard ratios (HRs) of overall survival (OS) according to the sex, age, ECOG PS, smoking status, liver metastasis, PD-L1 expression, EGFR, and KRAS status of patients were analyzed. Results: Totally, 13 studies with monotherapy and 5 with combination regimens were included, and the pooled HRs of OS were 0.74 (P < 0.001) and 0.64 (P < 0.001), respectively. EGFR wild-type patients could benefit from immunotherapy monotherapy (HR, 0.77; P < 0.001) while those of the mutant type had no survival benefit (HR, 1.11; P = 0.54), and the difference was statistically significant (interaction, P = 0.005). KRAS wild-type patients had no survival benefit from monotherapy (HR, 0.89; P = 0.49). For combination therapy, both male and female derived benefits but female had a significantly reduced risk of death (HR, 0.45; P < 0.001) compared with male (HR, 0.73; P < 0.001; interaction, P = 0.004). Nonsmokers derived more survival benefits from combination therapy (HR, 0.29; P < 0.001) than smokers (HR, 0.63; P = 0.001; interaction, P = 0.02). No significant difference was found between age, ECOG PS, liver metastasis, PD-L1 expression, and OS of both PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor monotherapy and combination therapy. Conclusions: Both PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor monotherapy and combination therapy significantly prolonged the OS of patients with advanced malignant tumors. EGFR status for monotherapy and sex and smoking status for combination therapy were important predictors of survival benefits.

17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159174

RESUMO

Recent evidence shows that the expression levels of histamine receptor H3 (Hrh3) are upregulated in several types of cancer. However, the role of Hrh3 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been elucidated. In the present study, we showed that the expression levels of Hrh3 were significantly increased in NSCLC samples, and high levels of Hrh3 were associated with poor overall survival (OS) in NSCLC patients. In five human NSCLC cell lines tested, Hrh3 was significantly upregulated. In NSCLC cell lines H1975, H460, and A549, Hrh3 antagonist ciproxifan (CPX, 10-80 µM) exerted moderate and concentration-dependent inhibition on the cell growth and induced apoptosis, whereas its agonist RAMH (80 µM) reversed these effects. Furthermore, inhibition of Hrh3 by CPX or siRNA retarded the migration and invasion of NSCLC cells through inhibiting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression via reducing the phosphorylation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR and MEK/ERK signaling pathways. In nude mice bearing H1975 cell xenograft or A549 cell xenograft, administration of CPX (3 mg/kg every other day, intraperitoneal) significantly inhibited the tumor growth with increased E-cadherin and ZO-1 expression and decreased Fibronectin expression in tumor tissue. In conclusion, this study reveals that Hrh3 plays an important role in the growth and metastasis of NSCLC; it might be a potential therapeutic target against the lung cancer.

18.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 306-311, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of acorus tatarinowii Schott and its active ingredient-alpha-asarone on learning and memory, free radical metabolism and nNOS/NO signal in hippocampus of rats with fatigue movement. METHODS: Eighty SD male rats were randomly divided into eight groups: control group(A), exercise group(B), exercise + alpha-asarone low, middle and high dose treatment group (C, D, E), exercise + acorus tatarinowii Schott low, middle and high dose treatment group (F, G, H),with ten rats in each group. The rats in group C, D and E were administered with alpha-asarone at the doses of 0.10, 0.50 and 1.00 mg.kg-1.WT-1 by ig. The rats in group F, G and H were administered with the extracts of Acorus tatarinowii Schott of at the doses of 0.12, 1.20 and 4.80 g.kg-1.WT-1 by ig. Learning and memory of rats were tested by the method of water maze experiment, and the activities of SOD and NOS, the contents of MDA were detected by the biochemical methods, and the expression levels of nNOS protein in hippocampus of rats were tested by the method of Western blot in at the end of the experiment. RESULTS: The escape latency and MDA content in hippocampus of rats in groups E and H were lower than those in groups B, C, D, F and G and the numbers of Plateau crossing, SOD and NOS activities and the expression levels of nNOS protein in hippocampus of rats were higher than those in groups B, C, D, F and G(P<0.01). The activities of SOD in hippocampus of rats in groups A, E and H were A>E>H, whereas the contents of MDA were opposite (P<0.01); the activities of NOS and the expression levels of nNOS protein in hippocampus of group E were lower than those of groups A and H (P<0.01 or P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between groups A and H (P>0.05). There were no significant difference in escape latency and numbers of crossing platform among groups A, E and H (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Acorus tatarinowii Schott and alpha-asarone can significantly improve learning and memory of rats with fatigue movement. The mechanism is related to reclaiming the imbalance of free radical metabolism and up-regulating nNOS/NO signal in hippocampus of the rats.

19.
Int J Obes (Lond) ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214705

RESUMO

Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2), as an antimicrobial peptide is expressed in intestine, and the upregulation of intestinal Lcn2 has been linked to inflammatory bowel disease. However, the role of Lcn2 in shaping gut microbiota during diet-induced obesity (DIO) remains unknown. We found that short-term high fat diet (HFD) feeding strongly stimulates intestinal Lcn2 expression and secretion into the gut lumen. As the HFD feeding prolongs, fecal Lcn2 levels turn to decrease. Lcn2 deficiency accelerates the development of HFD-induced intestinal inflammation and microbiota dysbiosis. Moreover, Lcn2 deficiency leads to the remodeling of microbiota-derived metabolome, including decreased production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and SCFA-producing microbes. Most importantly, we have identified Lcn2-targeted bacteria and microbiota-derived metabolites that potentially play roles in DIO and metabolic dysregulation. Correlation analyses suggest that Lcn2-targeted Dubosiella and Angelakisella have a novel role in regulating SCFAs production and obesity. Our results provide a novel mechanism involving Lcn2 as an antimicrobial host factor in the control of gut microbiota symbiosis during DIO.

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