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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1333235, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572429

RESUMO

Background: Cognitive deficits and behavioral disorders such as anxiety and depression are common manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our previous work demonstrated that Trichostatin A (TSA) could alleviate neuroinflammatory plaques and improve cognitive disorders. AD, anxiety, and depression are all associated with microglial inflammation. However, whether TSA could attenuate anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in APP/PS1 mice through anti-inflammatory signaling is still unclearly. Methods: In the present study, all mice were subjected to the open field, elevated plus maze, and forced swim tests to assess anxiety- and depression-related behaviors after TSA administration. To understand the possible mechanisms underlying the behavioral effects observed, CST7 was measured in the hippocampus of mice and LPS-treated BV2 microglia. Results: The results of this study indicated that TSA administration relieved the behaviors of depression and anxiety in APP/PS1 mice, and decreased CST7 levels in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 mice and LPS-induced BV2 cells. Conclusion: Overall, these findings support the idea that TSA might be beneficial for reducing neurobehavioral disorders in AD and this could be due to suppression of CST7-related microglial inflammation.

2.
J Chem Inf Model ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572676

RESUMO

RNA velocity has the ability to capture the cell dynamic information in the biological processes; yet, a comprehensive analysis of the cell state transitions and their associated chemical and biological processes remains a gap. In this work, we provide the Hodge decomposition, coupled with discrete exterior calculus (DEC), to unveil cell dynamics by examining the decomposed curl-free, divergence-free, and harmonic components of the RNA velocity field in a low dimensional representation, such as a UMAP or a t-SNE representation. Decomposition results show that the decomposed components distinctly reveal key cell dynamic features such as cell cycle, bifurcation, and cell lineage differentiation, regardless of the choice of the low-dimensional representations. The consistency across different representations demonstrates that the Hodge decomposition is a reliable and robust way to extract these cell dynamic features, offering unique analysis and insightful visualization of single-cell RNA velocity fields.

3.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 130, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin mottling is a common manifestation of peripheral tissue hypoperfusion, and its severity can be described using the skin mottling score (SMS). This study aims to evaluate the value of the SMS in detecting peripheral tissue hypoperfusion in critically ill patients following cardiac surgery. METHODS: Critically ill patients following cardiac surgery with risk factors for tissue hypoperfusion were enrolled (n = 373). Among these overall patients, we further defined a hypotension population (n = 178) and a shock population (n = 51). Hemodynamic and perfusion parameters were recorded. The primary outcome was peripheral hypoperfusion, defined as significant prolonged capillary refill time (CRT, > 3.0 s). The characteristics and hospital mortality of patients with and without skin mottling were compared. The area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROC) were used to assess the accuracy of SMS in detecting peripheral hypoperfusion. Besides, the relationships between SMS and conventional hemodynamic and perfusion parameters were investigated, and the factors most associated with the presence of skin mottling were identified. RESULTS: Of the 373-case overall population, 13 (3.5%) patients exhibited skin mottling, with SMS ranging from 1 to 5 (5, 1, 2, 2, and 3 cases, respectively). Patients with mottling had lower mean arterial pressure, higher vasopressor dose, less urine output (UO), higher CRT, lactate levels and hospital mortality (84.6% vs. 12.2%, p < 0.001). The occurrences of skin mottling were higher in hypotension population and shock population, reaching 5.6% and 15.7%, respectively. The AUROC for SMS to identify peripheral hypoperfusion was 0.64, 0.68, and 0.81 in the overall, hypotension, and shock populations, respectively. The optimal SMS threshold was 1, which corresponded to specificities of 98, 97 and 91 and sensitivities of 29, 38 and 67 in the three populations (overall, hypotension and shock). The correlation of UO, lactate, CRT and vasopressor dose with SMS was significant, among them, UO and CRT were identified as two major factors associated with the presence of skin mottling. CONCLUSION: In critically ill patients following cardiac surgery, SMS is a very specific yet less sensitive parameter for detecting peripheral tissue hypoperfusion.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Hipotensão , Choque Séptico , Humanos , Estado Terminal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/complicações , Lactatos
4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 666: 66-75, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583211

RESUMO

Perovskite CsPbBr3 quantum dot shows great potential in artificial photosynthesis, attributed to its outstanding optoelectronic properties. Nevertheless, its photocatalytic activity is hindered by insufficient catalytic active sites and severe charge recombination. In this work, a CsPbBr3@Ag-C3N4 ternary heterojunction photocatalyst is designed and synthesized for high-efficiency CO2 reduction. The CsPbBr3 quantum dots and Ag nanoparticles are chemically anchored on the surface of g-C3N4 sheets, forming an electron transfer tunnel from CsPbBr3 quantum dots to Ag nanoparticles via g-C3N4 sheets. The resulting CsPbBr3@Ag-C3N4 ternary photocatalyst, with spatial separation of photogenerated carriers, achieves a remarkable conversion rate of 19.49 µmol·g-1·h-1 with almost 100 % CO selectivity, a 3.13-fold enhancement in photocatalytic activity as compared to CsPbBr3 quantum dots. Density functional theory calculations reveal the rapid CO2 adsorption/activation and the decreased free energy (0.66 eV) of *COOH formation at the interface of Ag nanoparticles and g-C3N4 in contrast to the g-C3N4, leading to the excellent photocatalytic activity, while the thermodynamically favored CO desorption contributes to the high CO selectivity. This work presents an innovative strategy of constructing perovskite-based photocatalyst by modulating catalyst structure and offers profound insights for efficient CO2 conversion.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 131285, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583841

RESUMO

Thermal stability and iron saturation of lactoferrin (LF) are of great significance not only for the evaluation of the biological activities of LF but also for the optimization of the isolation and drying process parameters. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a well-established and efficient method for thermal stability and iron saturation detection in LF. However, multiple DSC measurements are typically performed sequentially, thus time-consuming and low throughput. Herein, we introduced the differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF) approach to overcome such limitations. The DSF can monitor LF thermal unfolding with a commonly available real-time PCR instrument and a fluorescent dye (SYPRO orange or Glomelt), and the measured melting temperature of LF is consistent with that determined by DSC. Such DSF method is simple, inexpensive, rapid (<15 min), and high throughput (>96 samples per experiment), and provides a valuable alternative tool for thermal stability detection of LF and other whey proteins.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSC) play an important role in the development of Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC). However, the regulatory mechanisms between acetylation- associated genes (HAGs) and liver cancer stem cells remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To identify a set of histone acetylation genes (HAGs) with close associations to liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs), and to construct a prognostic model that facilitates more accurate prognosis assessments for LIHC patients. METHODS: LIHC expression data were downloaded from the public databases. Using mRNA expression- based stemness indices (mRNAsi) inferred by One-Class Logistic Regression (OCLR), Differentially Expressed Genes (DEGs) (mRNAsi-High VS. mRNAsi-Low groups) were intersected with DEGs (LIHC VS. normal samples), as well as histone acetylation-associated genes (HAGs), to obtain mRNAsi-HAGs. A risk model was constructed employing the prognostic genes, which were acquired through univariate Cox and Least Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) regression analyses. Subsequently, independent prognostic factors were identified via univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses and then a nomogram for prediction of LIHC survival was developed. Additionally, immune infiltration and drug sensitivity analysis were performed to explore the relationships between prognostic genes and immune cells. Finally, the expressions of selected mRNAsi-HAGs were validated in the LIHC tumor sphere by quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) assay and western blot analysis. RESULTS: Among 13 identified mRNAsi-HAGs, 3 prognostic genes (HDAC1, HDAC11, and HAT1) were selected to construct a risk model (mRNAsi-HAGs risk score = 0.02 * HDAC1 + 0.09 * HAT1 + 0.05 * HDAC11). T-stage, mRNAsi, and mRNAsi-HAGs risk scores were identified as independent prognostic factors to construct the nomogram, which was proved to predict the survival probability of LIHC patients effectively. We subsequently observed strongly positive correlations between mRNAsi-HAGs risk score and tumor-infiltrating T cells, B cells and macrophages/monocytes. Moreover, we found 8 drugs (Mitomycin C, IPA 3, FTI 277, Bleomycin, Tipifarnib, GSK 650394, AICAR and EHT 1864) had significant correlations with mRNAsi-HAGs risk scores. The expression of HDAC1 and HDAC11 was higher in CSC-like cells in the tumor sphere. CONCLUSION: This study constructed a mRNAsi and HAGs-related prognostic model, which has implications for potential immunotherapy and drug treatment of LIHC.

8.
Front Neurorobot ; 18: 1368243, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559491

RESUMO

Traditional trajectory learning methods based on Imitation Learning (IL) only learn the existing trajectory knowledge from human demonstration. In this way, it can not adapt the trajectory knowledge to the task environment by interacting with the environment and fine-tuning the policy. To address this problem, a global trajectory learning method which combinines IL with Reinforcement Learning (RL) to adapt the knowledge policy to the environment is proposed. In this paper, IL is proposed to acquire basic trajectory skills, and then learns the agent will explore and exploit more policy which is applicable to the current environment by RL. The basic trajectory skills include the knowledge policy and the time stage information in the whole task space to help learn the time series of the trajectory, and are used to guide the subsequent RL process. Notably, neural networks are not used to model the action policy and the Q value of RL during the RL process. Instead, they are sampled and updated in the whole task space and then transferred to the networks after the RL process through Behavior Cloning (BC) to get continuous and smooth global trajectory policy. The feasibility and the effectiveness of the method was validated in a custom Gym environment of a flower drawing task. And then, we executed the learned policy in the real-world robot drawing experiment.

9.
Plant Phenomics ; 6: 0122, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560380

RESUMO

Weed is a major biological factor causing declines in crop yield. However, widespread herbicide application and indiscriminate weeding with soil disturbance are of great concern because of their environmental impacts. Site-specific weed management (SSWM) refers to a weed management strategy for digital agriculture that results in low energy loss. Deep learning is crucial for developing SSWM, as it distinguishes crops from weeds and identifies weed species. However, this technique requires substantial annotated data, which necessitates expertise in weed science and agronomy. In this study, we present a channel attention mechanism-driven generative adversarial network (CA-GAN) that can generate realistic synthetic weed data. The performance of the model was evaluated using two datasets: the public segmented Plant Seedling Dataset (sPSD), featuring nine common broadleaf weeds from arable land, and the Institute for Sustainable Agro-ecosystem Services (ISAS) dataset, which includes five common summer weeds in Japan. Consequently, the synthetic dataset generated by the proposed CA-GAN obtained an 82.63% recognition accuracy on the sPSD and 93.46% on the ISAS dataset. The Fréchet inception distance (FID) score test measures the similarity between a synthetic and real dataset, and it has been shown to correlate well with human judgments of the quality of synthetic samples. The synthetic dataset achieved a low FID score (20.95 on the sPSD and 24.31 on the ISAS dataset). Overall, the experimental results demonstrated that the proposed method outperformed previous state-of-the-art GAN models in terms of image quality, diversity, and discriminability, making it a promising approach for synthetic agricultural data generation.

10.
J Endovasc Ther ; : 15266028241241921, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561988

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In approximate 40% of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) procedures, the left subclavian artery (LSA) needs to be covered to obtain sufficient proximal sealing zone. To preserve the LSA during the TEVAR for type B aortic dissection (TBAD) adjacent to LSA, our team designed a modular single inner-branched stent graft. This study was performed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of deploying a modular single inner-branched stent graft in a porcine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Modular inner-branched stent grafts were implanted in 14 pigs via right femoral and right carotid arterial access. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) and angiography were performed in all pigs to appraise the morphological characteristics of the stent grafts at the end of follow-up. The pigs were then euthanized, and tissues were collected for gross and histological examination. RESULTS: The technical success rate was 100% (14/14). One pig suddenly died 5 hours after operation, and 1 pig died after completing the follow-up CTA. During the follow-up period, all surviving pigs showed good mental state, normal diets and activities. Computed tomography angiography examinations showed that all stent grafts were intact without fracture. All bridging covered stents were patent. Angiography showed that the position, shape, and adhesion of the stent grafts were good, and no obvious endoleaks were found. Histological examination showed that the biocompatibility of the stent grafts was good. CONCLUSIONS: This study's outcomes demonstrate that it is safe and feasible to deploy a modular single inner-branched stent graft in a porcine model. CLINICAL IMPACT: This device is the first modular device designed to treat TBAD adjacent to LSA in China. This device is a modular two-component system consisting of a thoracic aortic stent graft with a retrograde inner branch and a bridging covered stent. The modular design and the retrograde inner branch are the two important innovations of this device. Theoretically, the device could make it easier and safer for clinicians to treat TBAD adjacent to the LSA.

11.
Exp Ther Med ; 27(5): 210, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590566

RESUMO

Rhinovirus (RV) is the most common respiratory virus affecting humans. The majority of asthma deteriorations are triggered by RV infections. However, whether the effects of RV single- and double-stranded RNA on asthma deterioration have common target genes needs to be further studied. In the present study, two datasets (GSE51392 and GSE30326) were used to screen for common differentially expressed genes (cDEGs). The molecular function, signaling pathways, interaction networks, hub genes, key modules and regulatory molecules of cDEGs were systematically analyzed using online tools such as Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, STRING and NetworkAnalyst. Finally, the hub genes STAT1 and IFIH1 were verified in clinical samples using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). A total of 85 cDEGs were identified. Function analysis revealed that cDEGs served an important role in the innate immune response to viruses and its regulation. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), interferon induced with helicase C domain 1 (IFIH1), interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), DExD/H box helicase 58 (DDX58) and interferon-stimulating gene 15 (ISG15) were detected to be hub genes based on the protein-protein interactions and six topological algorithms. A key module involved in influenza A, the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, was identified using Cytoscape software. The hub genes were regulated by GATA-binding factor 2 and microRNA-146a-5p. In addition, RT-qPCR indicated that the expression levels of the hub genes STAT1 and IFIH1 were low during asthma deterioration compared with post-treatment recovery samples. The present study enhanced the understanding of the mechanism of RV-induced asthma deterioration.

12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 131436, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593897

RESUMO

Block polymer micelles have been proven highly biocompatible and effective in improving drug utilization for delivering atorvastatin calcium. Therefore, it is of great significance to measure the stability of drug-loading nano micelles from the perspective of block polymer molecular sequence design, which would provide theoretical guidance for subsequent clinical applications. This study aims to investigate the structural stability of drug-loading micelles formed by two diblock/triblock polymers with various block sequences through coarse-grained dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulations. From the perspectives of the binding strength of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) in nanoparticles, hydrophilic bead surface coverage, and the morphological alteration of nanoparticles induced by shear force, the ratio of hydrophilic/hydrophobic sequence length has been observed to affect the stability of nanoparticles. We have found that for diblock polymers, PEG3kda-PLLA2kda has the best stability (corresponding hydrophilic coverage ratio is 0.832), while PEG4kda-PLLA5kda has the worst (coverage ratio 0.578). For triblock polymers, PEG4kda-PLLA2kda-PEG4kda has the best stability (0.838), while PEG4kda-PLLA5kda-PEG4kda possesses the worst performance (0.731), and the average performance on stability is better than nanoparticles composed of diblock polymers.

13.
J Cancer ; 15(9): 2837-2844, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577607

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate the safety and efficacy of radical surgery in colon cancer patients over 80 years old. Methods: Data from colon cancer patients aged ≥80 years who underwent radical surgery at the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and affiliated Heji Hospital of Changzhi Medical College from January 2011 to December 2022 were retrospectively analysed. Data on clinical characteristics, pathological features, perioperative data, and long-term prognosis were collected. Severe complications were classified as grade III-V. Logistic regression models were used to identify the risk factors for severe postoperative complications, and a Cox regression model was used to determine prognostic variables. Results: A total of 403 eligible patients were included in the study. A total of 118 (29.3%) patients developed postoperative complications, of which 51 (12.7%) experienced grade 3-5 severe complications. Two (0.5%) patients died of pulmonary embolism and myocardial infarction during the perioperative period. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative albumin levels <35 g/L and right colon cancer were independent risk factors for grade 3-5 postoperative complications. In terms of prognosis, multivariate analysis revealed that overall survival was significantly affected by TNM stage III and grade 3-4 postoperative complications. In addition, TNM stage III and perineural invasion were the independent prognostic factors for disease-free survival. Conclusion: Radical surgery can be performed safely in elderly colon cancer patients aged over 80 years, with an acceptable morbidity and mortality. Patients with preoperative albumin levels <35 g/L or tumors in the right colon should be alerted to the development of severe postoperative complications. In addition, the occurrence of severe complications can significantly affect the prognosis of elderly colon cancer patients.

14.
J Cancer ; 15(9): 2518-2537, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577609

RESUMO

Background: The nuclear cap-binding complex (CBC)-dependent translation (CT) is an important initial translation pathway for 5'-cap-dependent translation in normal mammal cells. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A-III (eIF4A3), as an RNA helicase, is recruited to CT complex and enhances CT efficiency through participating in unwinding of secondary structure in the 5' UTR. However, the detailed mechanism for eIF4A3 implicated in unwinding of secondary structure in the 5' UTR in normal mammal cells is still unclear. Specially, we need to investigate whether the kind of mechanism in normal mammal cells extrapolates to cancer cells, e.g. ESCC, and further interrogate whether and how the mechanism triggers malignant phenotype of ESCC, which are important for identifying a potential therapeutic target for patients with ESCC. Methods: Bioinformatics analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation and RNA pulldown assays were performed to detect the interaction of circular RNA circ-231 with eIF4A3. In vitro and in vivo assays were performed to detect biological roles of circ-231 in ESCC. RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA pulldown, mass spectrometry analysis and co-immunoprecipitation assays were used to measure the interaction of circ-231, eIF4A3 and STAU1 in HEK293T and ESCC. In vitro EGFP reporter and 5' UTR of mRNA pulldown assays were performed to probe for the binding of circ-231, eIF4A3 and STAU1 to secondary structure of 5' UTR. Results: RNA immunoprecipitation assays showed that circ-231 interacted with eIF4A3 in HEK293T and ESCC. Further study confirmed that circ-231 orchestrated with eIF4A3 to control protein expression of TPI1 and PRDX6, but not for mRNA transcripts. The in-depth mechanism study uncovered that both circ-231 and eIF4A3 were involved in unwinding of secondary structure in 5' UTR of TPI1 and PRDX6. More importantly, circ-231 promoted the interaction between eIF4A3 and STAU1. Intriguingly, both circ-231 and eIF4A3 were dependent on STAU1 binding to secondary structure in 5' UTR. Biological function assays revealed that circ-231 promoted the migration and proliferation of ESCC via TPI1 and PRDX6. In ESCC, the up-regulated expression of circ-231 was observed and patients with ESCC characterized by higher expression of circ-231 have concurrent lymph node metastasis, compared with control. Conclusions: Our data unravels the detailed mechanism by which STAU1 binds to secondary structure in 5' UTR of mRNAs and recruits eIF4A3 through interacting with circ-231 and thereby eIF4A3 is implicated in unwinding of secondary structure, which is common to HEK293T and ESCC. However, importantly, our data reveals that circ-231 promotes migration and proliferation of ESCC and the up-regulated circ-231 greatly correlates with tumor lymph node metastasis, insinuating that circ-231 could be a therapeutic target and an indicator of risk of lymph node metastasis for patients with ESCC.

16.
Front Physiol ; 15: 1352391, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562620

RESUMO

For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the assessment of the treatment efficacy during hospitalization is of importance to the optimization of clinical treatments. Conventional spirometry might not be sensitive enough to capture the regional lung function development. The study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using electrical impedance tomography (EIT) as an objective bedside evaluation tool for the treatment of acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). Consecutive patients who required hospitalization due to AECOPD were included prospectively. EIT measurements were conducted at the time of admission and before the discharge simultaneously when a forced vital capacity maneuver was conducted. EIT-based heterogeneity measures of regional lung function were calculated based on the impedance changes over time. Surveys for attending doctors and patients were designed to evaluate the ease of use, feasibility, and overall satisfaction level to understand the acceptability of EIT measurements. Patient-reported outcome assessments were conducted. User's acceptance of EIT technology was investigated with a five-dimension survey. A total of 32 patients were included, and 8 patients were excluded due to the FVC maneuver not meeting the ATS criteria. Spirometry-based lung function was improved during hospitalization but not significantly different (FEV1 %pred.: 35.8% ± 6.7% vs. 45.3% ± 8.8% at admission vs. discharge; p = 0.11. FVC %pred.: 67.8% ± 0.4% vs. 82.6% ± 5.0%; p = 0.15. FEV1/FVC: 0.41 ± 0.09 vs. 0.42 ± 0.07, p = 0.71). The symptoms of COPD were significantly improved, but the correlations between the improvement of symptoms and spirometry FEV1 and FEV1/FVC were low (R = 0.1 and -0.01, respectively). The differences in blood gasses and blood tests were insignificant. All but one EIT-based regional lung function parameter were significantly improved after hospitalization. The results highly correlated with the patient-reported outcome assessment (R > 0.6, p < 0.001). The overall acceptability score of EIT measurement for both attending physicians and patients was high (4.1 ± 0.8 for physicians, 4.5 ± 0.5 for patients out of 5). These results demonstrated that it was feasible and acceptable to use EIT as an objective bedside evaluation tool for COPD treatment efficacy.

18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597691

RESUMO

Organic materials have been considered a class of promising cathodes for metal-ion batteries because of their sustainability in preparation and source. However, organic batteries with high energy density and application potential require high discharge voltage, multielectron transfer, and long cycling performance. Here, we report an exceptional lithium-iodine (Li//I2) battery, in which the organic iodine (BPD-HI) cathode formed by the Lewis acid-base coordination between hydroiodic acid (HI) and 4,4'-bipyridine (BPD) allows 2e- transfer via the I-/I0 and I0/I+ redox couples. The I+ stabilized by BPD exhibits a high discharge voltage plateau at ∼3.4 V. Remarkably, from inorganic to organic iodine, it realizes a 2-fold increase in the achieved capacity, up to ∼400 mA h gI-1 (Theor. 422 mA h gI-1 and 245.6 mA h g-1 based on the mass of BPD-HI), and an over 2-fold energy density, reaching 1160 W h kgI-1 (Theor. 1324 W h kgI-1). More importantly, a capacity retention rate of 85% over 850 cycles is attained for the Li//BPD-HI battery at a current density of 2 A gI-1. This facile strategy enables positively charged I+ to be electrochemically active in a rechargeable lithium battery. The new redox chemistry discovered provides new insights for developing organic batteries with high energy density.

19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 56(2): 313-317, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze and summarize the medical security situation of the snowmobile, sled, and steel frame snowmobile tracks at the National Sliding Centre, and to provide experience for future event hosting and medical security work for mass ice and snow sports. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of injuries and treatment of athletes participating in the International Training Week and World Cup for Ski, Sled, and Steel Frame Ski from October to November 2021(hereinafter referred to as "International Training Week"), as well as the Ski, Sled, and Steel Frame Ski events at the Beijing Winter Olympics in February 2022 (hereinafter referred to as the "Beijing Winter Olympics"). We referred to and drew on the "Medical Security Standards for Winter Snow Sports" to develop specific classification standards for analyzing injured areas, types of injuries, and accident locations. RESULTS: A total of 743 athletes participated in the International Training Week and the Beijing Winter Olympics. During the competition, there were 58 incidents of overturning, prying, and collision, of which 28 (28 athletes) were injured, accounting for 48.3% of the total accidents and 3.8% of the total number of athletes. Among them, there were 9 males (32.1%) and 19 females (67.9%), with an average age of (26.3 ± 4.7) years. Among the 28 injured athletes, 20 cases (71.4%) received on-site treatment for Class Ⅰ injuries, while 8 cases (28.6%) had more severe injuries, including Class Ⅱ injuries (7 cases) and Class Ⅲ injuries (1 case), which were referred to designated hospitals for further treatment. Among the 28 injured athletes, 3 cases (10.7%) experienced multiple injuries, including 2 cases of 2 injuries and 1 case of 3 injuries. The most common injuries were in the ankle and toes (10/32, 31.3%). Out of 28 injured athletes, one (3.6%) experienced two types of injuries simultaneously, with joint and/or ligament injuries being the most common (11/29, 37.9%). The most accident prone point on the track was the ninth curve (18/58, 31.0%). CONCLUSION: Through the analysis and summary of medical security work, it can provide better experience and reference for the future development of snowmobile, sled, and steel frame snowmobile sports in China, making the National Snowy and Ski Center truly a sustainable Olympic heritage.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Esqui , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia , Pequim/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aço
20.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155400, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The emergence and spread of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have posed a significant challenge to clinical treatment, underscoring the need to develop novel strategies. As therapeutic options for VRE are limited, discovering vancomycin enhancer is a feasible way of combating VRE. Gambogic acid (GA) is a natural product derived from the resin of Garcinia hanburyi Hook.f. (Clusiaceae), which possesses antibacterial activity. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the potential of GA as an adjuvant to restore the susceptibility of VRE to vancomycin. METHODS: In vitro antibacterial and synergistic activities were evaluated against vancomycin-susceptible and resistant strains by the broth microdilution method for the Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) determination, and checkerboard assay and time-kill curve analysis for synergy evaluation. In vivo study was conducted on a mouse multi-organ infection model. The underlying antibacterial mechanism of GA was also explored. RESULTS: GA showed a potent in vitro activity against all tested strains, with MICs ranging from 2 to 4 µg/ml. The combination of GA and vancomycin exhibited a synergistic effect against 18 out of 23 tested VRE strains, with a median fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) of 0.254, and demonstrated a synergistic effect in the time-kill assay. The combination therapy exhibited a significant reduction in tissue bacterial load compared with either compound used alone. GA strongly binds to the ParE subunit of topoisomerase IV, a bacterial type II DNA topoisomerase, and suppresses its activity. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that GA has a significant antibacterial activity against enterococci, and sub-MIC concentrations of GA can restore the activity of vancomycin against VRE in vitro and in vivo. These findings indicate that GA has the potential to be a new antibacterial adjuvant to vancomycin in the treatment of infections caused by VRE.

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