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1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133931, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986992

RESUMO

A comprehensive UPLC-MS/MS-based lipidomics analysis of egg yolk at different storage periods was performed. Through the analysis, 836 lipid species from 27 subclasses were detected, including 159 significantly different lipid species. Glycerolipids (GL) and glycerophospholipids (GP) were the most abundant lipids, followed by fatty acyls (FA), sphingolipids (SP), sterol lipids (ST), and prenol lipids (PR). PCA and OPLS-DA showed that egg yolk lipids changed significantly with prolonged storage. Moreover, glycerophospholipid metabolism and glycerolipid metabolism were key metabolic pathways, as phosphatidic acid (PA), lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), and diglyceride (DG) were key lipid metabolites in the related metabolic pathways of egg yolk during storage. Furthermore, egg yolk quality changed the most when stored up to 21 days. Our study establishes a foundation for the quality control and the lipid oxidation mechanism of eggs during storage.


Assuntos
Gema de Ovo , Lipidômica , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Lipídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Food Chem ; 400: 134070, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084595

RESUMO

Ellagitannins, the main components of walnut kernel polyphenols, are easily degraded by heating to produce ellagic acid, precursor in the production of urolithins that show multiple physiological functions. To analyze the conversion of ellagitannins to free ellagic acid in walnut kernels during baking, a quantitative method was developed to investigate the ellagic acid content (EAC) in free phenolic acid (FPA), acid-hydrolyzable phenolic acid (AHPA), and bound phenolic acid (BPA) fractions. The results showed that the EAC in FPA reached its maximum (5.17 ± 0.30 mg/g DW) after baking at 165 °C for 30 min, which increased by 99.52% compared with the control. Meanwhile, the content of ellagitannins (ETC) in AHPA and BPA dropped by 89.14% and 26.08%, respectively. It suggested that baking promoted the conversion of ellagitannins in AHPA and BPA to ellagic acid in FPA. Eight ellagitannins were regarded as the main precursors of ellagic acid in walnut kernels.

3.
Stem Cells Int ; 2022: 3299091, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071733

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the active chemical in Wenshen Huatan Quyu Decotion (WHQD) and to explore its possible network interactions with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: The Traditional Chinese Medicine Systematic Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and the Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanisms in Chinese Medicine (BATMAN-TCM) were used to decompose compound formulations, detect active chemicals and their corresponding target genes, and then convert them into UniProt gene symbols. Meanwhile, PCOS-related target genes were collected from GeneCards to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, which was further analyzed by STRING online database. Gene Ontology (GO) functional analysis was also performed afterwards to construct the component-target gene-disease network to visualize the correlation between WHQD and PCOS. We then performed an in silico molecular docking study to validate the predicted relationships. Results: WHQD consists of 14 single drugs containing a total of 67 chemical components. 216 genes were predicted as possible targets. 123 of the 216 target genes overlapped with PCOS. GO annotation analysis revealed that 1968 genes were associated with biological processes, 145 with molecular functions, and 71 with cellular components. KEGG analysis revealed 146 pathways involved PPI, and chemical-target gene-disease networks suggest that PGR, AR, ADRB2, IL-6, MAPK1/8, ESR1/2, CHRM3, RXRA, PPARG, BCL2/BAX, GABRA1, and NR3C2 may be key genes for the pharmacological effects of WHQD on PCOS. Molecular docking analysis confirmed that hydrogen bonding was the main interaction between WHQD and its targets. Conclusion: WHQD exerts its pharmacological effects by improving insulin sensitivity, subfertility, and hormonal imbalance, increasing ovulation rates, which in turn may increase pregnancy rates in patients with significant efficacy.

4.
Acta Biomater ; 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055607

RESUMO

By using the prominent merit of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm) that can reversibly switch from a linear state to a coiled state with the change in temperature, in this work, gelatin was grafted with carboxylic end-capped PNIPAm as the matrix material to fabricate a physical entanglement crosslinked hydrogel microneedles (MNs) patch that can control drug release after application on the skin. The crystallization of the drug during the fabrication process of MNs was decreased due to the thermo-reversible sol-gel transition of the matrix materials. In addition, to increase the mechanical strength of the MNs and to decrease the application time, the gelatin-g-PNIPAm (GP) MNs patch was mounted onto solid MNs to fabricate a rapidly separating MNs system (RS-GP-MNs). The combination of the rapidly separating technique and the thermosensitive hydrogel provides the combined ability to efficiently deliver drug-loaded MNs into the skin within few seconds and to control drug release within the skin. Through a series of tests, we found that RS-GP-MNs showed suitable lower critical solution temperature and adequate crosslinking speed for practical application. The hypoglycemic effect in diabetic mice was characteristically controlled by insulin release through RS-GP-MNs as compared to the MNs made from unmodified gelatin. The proposed RS-GP-MNs system is potentially applicable to various hydrophilic small molecular and peptide medicines that require frequent dosing, thus providing an effective, noninvasive, and painless administration method with minimal safety concerns. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: 1. Hydrogel microneedles that can be reversibly triggered and controllably release drugs at body temperature were fabricated. 2. Hydrogel microneedles prepared from gelatin-g-PNIPAm can avoid the use of a molecular crosslinker that is toxic and difficult to be completely removed. 3. Gelatin-g-PNIPAm with thermosensitive property showed appropriate molecular interactions with the drug and slowed down the crystallization speed of the drug in the solution.

5.
Gut Liver ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052614

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The discrepancies between the diagnosis of preoperative endoscopic forceps biopsy (EFB) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in patients with early gastric neoplasm (EGN) exist objectively. Among them, pathological upgrading directly influences the accuracy and appropriateness of clinical decisions. The aims of this study were to investigate the risk factors for the discrepancies, with a particular focus on pathological upgrading and to establish a prediction model for estimating the risk of pathological upgrading after EFB. Methods: We retrospectively collected the records of 978 patients who underwent ESD from December 1, 2017 to July 31, 2021 and who had a final histopathology determination of EGN. A nomogram to predict the risk of pathological upgrading was constructed after analyzing subgroup differences among the 901 lesions enrolled. Results: The ratio of pathological upgrading was 510 of 953 (53.5%). Clinical, laboratorial and endoscopic characteristics were analyzed using univariable and binary multivariable logistic regression analyses. A nomogram was constructed by including age, history of chronic atrophic gastritis, symptoms of digestive system, blood high density lipoprotein concentration, macroscopic type, pathological diagnosis of EFB, uneven surface, remarkable redness, and lesion size. The C-statistics were 0.804 (95% confidence interval, 0.774 to 0.834) and 0.748 (95% confidence interval, 0.664 to 0.832) in the training and validation set, respectively. We also built an online webserver based on the proposed nomogram for convenient clinical use. Conclusions: The clinical value of identifying the preoperative diagnosis of EGN lesions is limited when using EFB separately. We have developed a nomogram that can predict the probability of pathological upgrading with good calibration and discrimination value.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063256

RESUMO

This study explored the relationship between temperament-i.e., negative affectivity (NA) and effortful control (EC)-and depression in preadolescents, considering emotion regulation (ER) strategies as mediating mechanisms in this relationship. We examined data from 535 children aged 8-12 years (M ± SD = 10.01 ± 1.42) who completed self-report measures related to NA, EC, ER strategies, depressive symptoms, and depressive mood. The results demonstrated that NA was significantly positively related to both depressive symptoms and depressive mood, while EC was significantly negatively related to both depressive symptoms and depressive mood. The structural equation model of latent variable analysis showed that cognitive reappraisal mediated the relationship between NA and depressive symptoms and depressive mood. Moreover, cognitive reappraisal was also identified as a mediator of the association between EC and depressive symptoms and depressive mood. However, expressive suppression only mediated the relationship between NA and depressive symptoms. Interventions aimed at ER strategies would be an effective program for preadolescents with depression and further improve preadolescents' social-emotional development.

7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 959322, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091173

RESUMO

Cancer is one of the most serious diseases threatening human health, so it is particularly important to develop effective tumor-targeting drugs. As the first CDK4/6 inhibitor, palbociclib effectively inhibits tumor proliferation by blocking the cell cycle to the G1 phase. 10-HCPT is a Topo I inhibitor; however, its clinical application has been greatly limited due to its high toxicity. Based on the successful development of double target inhibitors, three novel palbociclib derivatives (HP-1, HP-2, and HP-3) were designed and synthesized from Palbociclib and 10-HCPT, and their biological activities were investigated. At first, the possible binding sites of the three compounds to Topo I and CDK4/6 were predicted by molecular docking. Then, we evaluated the anti-proliferative effects of the three palbociclib derivatives. In general, human lung cancer cells were more sensitive to HP-1, HP-2, and HP-3, especially NCI-H460. In addition, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction were investigated by flow cytometry. The three palbociclib derivatives, especially HP-1, had obvious cell cycle arrest phenomenon on NCI-H460 cells and induced apoptosis of NCI-H460 cells significantly. In the end, it was proved that these three drugs had obvious cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitory activities. In short, all the data showed that HP-1, HP-2, and HP-3 could play anti-cancer roles by acting on dual targets and had the characteristics of high efficiencies and low toxicities, which opened up a new idea for the study of palbociclib derivatives.

8.
Mol Immunol ; 151: 126-133, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126500

RESUMO

γ-Tocotrienol (GT3), a member of the vitamin E family, is well known for its medicinal value in clinical treatments. However, the role of GT3 in T helper 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cell (Treg) differentiation and function is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrated that GT3 suppressed Th17 differentiation in vitro by inhibiting signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation in the interleukin 6 (IL-6)/Janus kinase (JAK)/STAT3 signaling pathway. GT3 also inhibited HIF1A expression in Th17 metabolism. Additionally, we showed that GT3 treatment inhibited disease aggravation in an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like mouse model by reducing the percentage of Th17 cells in the spleen in vivo. The findings of this study demonstrated the effects of GT3 on Th17 cells through the STAT3 signaling pathway.

9.
RSC Adv ; 12(38): 24596-24606, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128397

RESUMO

Polyaspartic acid (PASP), a well-known green scale inhibitor for industrial water treatment, might be decomposed with prolonged duration, and its anti-scaling performance against CaCO3 and CaSO4 is diminished at a low concentration (<10 mg L-1) and a high temperature. With semi-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) tetrasodium salt as the mimicking model, novel phosphorus-free PASP-capped 2-aminoethylamino acid (PASP-ED2A) containing side chains bearing multi-functional groups is rationally designed and successfully prepared via the ring-opening reaction of cheap poly(succinimide) under mild reaction conditions with the assistance of readily available 2-aminoethyl amino acid. The static scale inhibition method is used to evaluate the scale inhibition performance of the as-synthesized PASP derivative. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy are utilized to monitor the crystallization process of calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate scales, and density functional theory calculations are conducted to shed light on the relationship between the molecular structure and scale inhibition mechanism of PASP-ED2A. Results show that the as-prepared PASP-ED2A shows better scale inhibition performance for CaCO3 and CaSO4 than PASP with a low concentration, a high temperature, and an extended duration. Particularly, PASP-ED2A with a concentration of 10 mg L-1 exhibits the best scale inhibition performance for CaCO3; its scale inhibition capacity is about two times as much as that of PASP. The reason lies in that the coordination atoms in the molecular structure of PASP-ED2A can chelate with Ca2+ to inhibit the combination of Ca2+ with anions and prevent the generation of CaCO3 and CaSO4 scales. The PASP-ED2A derivative can more efficiently retard the formation and growth of CaCO3 and CaSO4 crystal nuclei and exerts better inhibition performance against CaCO3 and CaSO4 scales than PASP.

10.
Math Biosci Eng ; 19(11): 11675-11692, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124608

RESUMO

Enterprises in China face two major challenges about their existence and energy supply at present. One is the difficulty in providing enough energy at an acceptable and reasonable price; the other is a severe environmental issue caused by over-consumption of energy. The government and relevant enterprises, therefore, mainly focus on carbon emission reduction, and the cost accounting of carbon emission, an essential prerequisite, and object of carbon emission reduction, should be further attention. The carbon emission cost is divided into internal cost and external cost, combined with the extended accounting model and cost calculation. This can comprehensively measure and reflect the two costs of the life cycle of the product, provide more relevant data and information support for the deepening and development of the circular economy, and provide an effective cost information basis and guide enterprise managers for scientific decision-making and governance.

11.
Hematology ; 27(1): 1056-1061, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The CYP2C19 gene is highly polymorphic, and CYP2C19 is involved in the broad interindividual variability of the clinical efficacy of certain clinical medications, such as clopidogrel. However, data on the CYP2C19 genotype in the Chinese population of the Foshan area of Guangdong Province are scarce. The purpose of this study was to determine CYP2C19 genetic polymorphisms in patients in the Foshan area and to compare the CYP2C19 genotype frequencies in different populations to determine the allele distribution pattern to identify the most appropriate prescription. METHODS: The CYP2C19 gene was detected in 1231 patients on a gene chip platform, and the genotype frequencies of CYP2C19 in Foshan populations from different populations were compared. RESULTS: The frequencies of CYP2C19*1, *2 and *3 in the Foshan population were 63.89%, 30.46% and 5.65%, respectively. For the three metabolic types, the frequency associated with the rapid metabolism type (*1/*1) was 41.51 [95% confidence interval (CI) 40.11 to 42.91%]; that for the intermediate metabolism type (*1/*2, *1/*3) was 44.76% (95% CI 43.34 to 46.18) and that for the slow metabolism type (*2/*2, *2/*3, *3/*3) was 13.73% (95% CI 12.75 to 14.71%). In the Foshan population, the frequencies of the CYP2C19 *2 and *3 alleles were similar to those previously reported for Chinese and other Asian populations. CONCLUSION: Our study is a report on the genetic basis of CYP2C19 polymorphism in the Foshan population. Our results will potentially contribute to the improvement of pharmacotherapy effectiveness by providing personalized medicine for the Foshan population.


Assuntos
Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases , Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/genética , Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/metabolismo , China , Clopidogrel , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético
12.
Tob Induc Dis ; 20: 73, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118554

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Understanding the social determinants that influence adolescent smoking behavior has a meaningful impact on adolescent health. Few studies have simultaneously analyzed the impact of teacher smoking and peer smoking on adolescent smoking. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the impact of teacher smoking, peer smoking, and other social factors, on adolescent smoking. METHODS: The participants were drawn from schools in Beijing, China, in 2011, 2013, and 2015, using a multi-stage random group sampling method. The number of schools selected for each year was 160. The study participants were 57240 adolescents aged 8-19 years. The generalized linear model with a binomial distribution and logarithmic link function was used to estimate the influence of social determinants on adolescent smoking behavior. RESULTS: The results show that both teacher smoking and peer smoking were significantly associated with adolescent smoking. Compared to adolescents whose teachers did not smoke, the prevalence ratio (PR) was 1.28 for adolescents with one teacher who smoked and 1.34 for adolescents with two or more teachers who smoked (95% CI: 1.16-1.41/1.23-1.46, p<0.001/0.001, respectively). Compared to adolescents whose peers did not smoke, the prevalence ratio (PR) was 3.73 for adolescents with one peer who smoked and 8.52 for adolescents with two or more peers who smoked (95% CI: 3.20-4.35/7.48-9.69, p<0.001/0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Teacher smoking and peer smoking are significant social determinants of adolescent smoking. Prevention programs should concurrently target peer groups, school settings, and individual students.

13.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053917

RESUMO

Glutaredoxins (GRXs) are essential for reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis in responses of plants to environment changes. We previously identified several drought-responsive CC-type GRXs in cassava, an important tropical crop. However, how CC-type GRX regulates ROS homeostasis of cassava under drought stress remained largely unknown. Here, we report that a drought-responsive CC-type GRX, namely MeGRXC3, was associated with activity of catalase in the leaves of 100 cultivars (or unique unnamed genotypes) of cassava under drought stress. MeGRXC3 negatively regulated drought tolerance by modulating drought- and abscisic acid-induced stomatal closure in transgenic cassava. It antagonistically regulated hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) accumulation in epidermal cells and guard cells. Moreover, MeGRXC3 interacted with two catalases of cassava, MeCAT1 and MeCAT2, and regulated their activity in vivo. Additionally, MeGRXC3 interacts with a cassava TGA transcription factor, MeTGA2, in the nucleus, and regulates the expression of MeCAT7 through a MeTGA2-MeMYB63 pathway. Overall, we demonstrated the roles of MeGRXC3 in regulating activity of catalase at both transcriptional and post-translational levels, therefore involving in ROS homeostasis and stomatal movement in responses of cassava to drought stress. Our study provides the first insights into how MeGRXC3 may be used in molecular breeding of cassava crops.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Considering the limitation of varying acid suppression of proton pump inhibitors, this study was aimed to assess the efficacy, safety, and dose-effect relationship of keverprazan, a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker, in the treatment of duodenal ulcer (DU) compared with lansoprazole. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, multicenter, low-dose, high-dose, and positive-drug parallel-controlled study was conducted to verify the non-inferiority of keverprazan (20 or 30 mg) to lansoprazole of 30 mg once daily for 4 to 6 weeks and dose-effect relationship of keverprazan in the treatment of patients with active DU confirmed by endoscopy. RESULTS: Of the 180 subjects randomized, including 55 cases in the keverprazan_20 mg group, 61 cases in the keverprazan_30 mg group, and 64 cases in the lansoprazole_30 mg group, 168 subjects (93.33%) completed the study. The proportions of healed DU subjects in the keverprazan_20 mg, keverprazan_30 mg, and lansoprazole_30 mg groups were respectively 87.27%, 90.16%, and 79.69% at week 4 (P = 0.4595) and were respectively 96.36%, 98.36%, and 92.19% at week 6 (P = 0.2577). The incidence of adverse events in the keverprazan_20 mg group was lower than that in the lansoprazole_30 mg (P = 0.0285) and keverprazan_30 mg groups (P = 0.0398). CONCLUSIONS: Keverprazan was effective and non-inferior to lansoprazole in healing DU. Based on the comparable efficacy and safety data, keverprazan of 20 mg once daily is recommended for the follow-up study of acid-related disorders. (Trial registration number: ChiCTR2100043455.).

15.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109399

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the dose-effect relationship between the dose-volume parameters of residual gross tumor volume (GTVres) and clinical prognosis in MRI image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer in our center. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The clinical data of 93 patients with locally advanced cervical squamous cell cancer who received external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) combined with IGABT ± chemotherapy in our center were retrospectively analyzed. The disease stage, overall treatment time (OTT), chemotherapy, and the dose-volume parameters D90, D98, and D100 of GTVres, the intermediate-risk clinical target volume (CTVIR), and the high-risk clinical target volume (CTVHR) of the patients were statistically analyzed. Kaplan-Meier and uni- and multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to analyze 2­year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and local control rate (LC). A probit model was employed to assess the dose-effect relationship between the volume and dose-volume parameters of GTVres and 2­year OS, PFS, and LC. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 19.6 months and 2­year OS, PFS, and LC were 79.6%, 68.8%, and 94.6%, respectively. CTVHR D90 was an independent influencing factor for 2­year PFS (P = 0.041); GTVresBT1 volume was an independent factor for 2­year OS, PFS, and LC (P < 0.001). The probit model showed that at GTVresBT1 volume < 32.86 cm3, the expected 2­year LC was > 90%; at GTVres D98 > 129.12 GyEQD2, the expected 2­year OS was > 90%. CONCLUSION: Both the volume and dose-volume parameters of GTVres are promising predictors in assessment of IGABT prognosis of cervical cancer.

16.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(8)2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the process of fracture reduction, there are some errors between the actual trajectory and the ideal trajectory due to mechanism errors, which would affect the smooth operation of fracture reduction. To this end, based on self-developed parallel mechanism fracture reduction robot (FRR), a novel method to reduce the pose errors of FRR is proposed. METHODS: Firstly, this paper analyzed the pose errors, and built the model of the robot pose errors. Secondly, mechanism errors of FRR were converted into drive bar parameter's errors, and the influence of each drive bar parameter on the robot pose error were analyzed. Thirdly, combining with Cauchy opposition-based learning and differential evolution algorithm (DE), an improved whale optimization algorithm (CRLWOA-DE) is proposed to compensate the end-effector's pose errors, which could improve the speed and accuracy of fracture reduction, respectively. RESULTS: The iterative accuracy of CRLWOA-DE is improved by 50.74%, and the optimization speed is improved by 22.62% compared with the whale optimization algorithm (WOA). Meanwhile, compared with particle swarm optimization (PSO) and ant colony optimization (ACO), CRLWOA-DE is proved to be more accurate. Furthermore, SimMechanics in the software of MATLAB was used to reconstruct the fracture reduction robot, and it was verified that the actual motion trajectory of the CRLWOA-DE optimized kinematic stage showed a significant reduction in error in both the x-axis and z-axis directions compared to the desired motion trajectory. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that the error compensation in FRR reset process had been realized, and the CRLWOA-DE method could be used for reducing the pose error of the fracture reduction robot, which has some significance for the bone fracture and deformity correction.

18.
Heliyon ; 8(8): e10116, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35982848

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an extremely aggressive cancer, characterized by a high metastatic burden. RIO Kinase 3 (RIOK3) has been shown to promote invasion and metastasis of PDAC by cytoskeleton remodeling, but the exact mechanism is still unknown. In this study, we analyzed transcriptome sequencing data from RIOK3 stable knockdown PANC-1 cells and TCGA-PDAC data and discovered that RIOK3 was substantially related to focal adhesion signaling in PDAC. Additionally, silencing RIOK3 dramatically decreased Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) protein expression and phosphorylation (Tyr397 and Tyr925 sites). Immunoprecipitation assay verified the interaction of RIOK3 and FAK. Furthermore, RIOK3 considerably increased the protein stability of FAK protein but not FAK-Y925F protein. The biological function of RIOK3 in increasing PDAC cell invasion and migration was shown to be dependent on FAK activation. Moreover, we discovered that RIOK3 mutations were mainly characterized by amplification. RIOK3 mRNA was found to be significantly elevated in PDAC tissues and was associated with a poor prognosis. Furthermore, RIOK3 mRNA was significantly upregulated in later T-stage, pre-existing lymph node metastases, and later pathological stage samples. Overall, our study found that RIOK3 promotes PDAC cell invasion and metastasis by stabilizing FAK protein expression and upregulating its phosphorylation. This also provides a new target for therapeutic modalities targeting FAK.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35979001

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the changes in blood D-dimer (D-D), high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-cTnI), and N-terminal B-type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD) and its clinical significance. Methods: Forty patients with AAD diagnosed in our hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were selected as the observation group, and 40 patients with chest pain and non-AAD treated in our hospital during the same period were included in the control group. The patients were subdivided into a death group and a survival group as per the prognosis. The clinical symptoms and signs of the two groups of patients upon admission were observed, and the levels of D-D, hs-cTnI, and NT-proBNP were determined. The differences in clinical data, plasma D-D, hs-cTnI, and NT-proBNP levels between the two groups of patients were analyzed. Results: The clinical data and physical signs were homogeneous between the two groups (P > 0.05), while a significant elevation in the level of hs-cTnI in the control group was observed 24 h after admission (P < 0.05). The observation group showed significantly higher levels of D-D, NT-proBNP, and hs-cTnI than the control group (P < 0.05). The prevalence and surgical cure rate of Stanford A in the survival group were significantly lower in contrast with the death group, with an obvious higher intervention cure rate in the survival group. Higher D-dimer and NT-proBNP levels were identified at 24 h after admission versus upon admission, and the death group had a greater increase of D-dimer and NT-proBNP levels. Conclusion: Clinical symptoms and signs are insufficient to constitute a diagnosis of AAD, whereas the elevated expression levels of D-D, hs-cTnI, and NT-proBNP demonstrated great potential for the diagnosis and prognosis of AAD.

20.
Virulence ; 13(1): 1471-1485, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36005235

RESUMO

Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is an emerging enteropathogen causing severe diarrhoea, dehydration, and death in nursing piglets and enormous economic losses for the global swine industry. Furthermore, it can infect multiple animal species including humans. Therefore, a rapid, definitive diagnostic assay is required for the effective control of this zoonotic pathogen. To identify PDCoV, we developed a nucleic acid detection assay combining reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) with a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) targeting the highly conserved genomic region in the ORF1b gene. The RT-RAA-LFD assay exhibited good PDCoV detection reproducibility and repeatability and could be completed within 11 min. Ten minutes at 40 °C was required for nucleic acid amplification and 1 min at room temperature was needed for the visual LFD readout. The assay specifically detected PDCoV and did not cross-react with any other major swine pathogens. The 95% limit of detection (LOD) was 3.97 median tissue culture infectious dose PDCoV RNA per reaction. This performance was comparable to that of a reference TaqMan-based real-time RT-PCR (trRT-PCR) assay for PDCoV. Of 149 swine small intestine, rectal swab, and serum samples, 71 and 75 tested positive for PDCoV according to RT-RAA-LFD and trRT-PCR, respectively. The diagnostic coincidence rate for both assays was 97.32% (145/149) and the kappa value was 0.946 (p < 0.001). Overall, the RT-RAA-LFD assay is a user-friendly diagnostic tool that can rapidly and visually detect PDCoV.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos , Recombinases , Animais , Deltacoronavirus , Humanos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Recombinases/genética , Recombinases/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transcrição Reversa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Suínos
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