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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(20)2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36295437

RESUMO

RV6Sn6 (R = Sc, Y, or rare earth) is a new family of kagome metals that have a similar vanadium structural motif as AV3Sb5 (A = K, Rb, Cs) compounds. Unlike AV3Sb5, ScV6Sn6 is the only compound among the series of RV6Sn6 that displays a charge density wave (CDW) order at ambient pressure, yet it shows no superconductivity (SC) at low temperatures. Here, we perform a high-pressure transport study on the ScV6Sn6 single crystal to track the evolutions of the CDW transition and to explore possible SC. In contrast to AV3Sb5 compounds, the CDW order of ScV6Sn6 can be suppressed completely by a pressure of about 2.4 GPa, but no SC is detected down to 40 mK at 2.35 GPa and 1.5 K up to 11 GPa. Moreover, we observed that the resistivity anomaly around the CDW transition undergoes an obvious change at ~2.04 GPa before it vanishes completely. The present work highlights a distinct relationship between CDW and SC in ScV6Sn6 in comparison with the well-studied AV3Sb5.

2.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 1004932, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187830

RESUMO

Background: Fasciola gigantica, a tropical liver fluke, infects buffalo in Asian and African countries, causing significant economic losses and posing public health threats. The diagnostic of buffalo fascioliasis caused by F. gigantica is vital in fascioliasis control and preventation. The 22nd gel filtration chromatography fraction of F. gigantica Excretory-Secretory Products (FgESP), namely Fasciola 22 (F22), which was used as a diagnostic antigen in indirect ELISA, has demonstrated great potential for fascioliasis diagnosing. In the absence of rapid diagnostic methods, the use of a colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip based on F22 was applied to detect F. gigantica infection in buffalo. Methods: In the present study, the 22nd gel filtration chromatography fraction of FgESP (F22) was used as an antigen to establish the colloidal gold-based immunochromatographic strip (ICS). The nitrocellulose membrane was incubated with F22 at the test line (T line) and goat anti-mouse secondary antibody at the control line (C line). The mouse anti-buffalo secondary antibody 2G7 conjugated to colloidal gold particles was used as the detection system for line visualization. The strip was assembled and developed by optimizing reaction conditions. The sensitivity, specificity, stability, and early diagnostic value of the strip were evaluated employing buffalo-derived sera. Results: An immunochromatographic strip for the rapid detection of antibodies against F. gigantica-FgICS was developed. The strip demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity. Sensitivity tests confirmed positive results even when the positive reference serum was diluted 4,096 times. Except for one Schistosoma japonicum-positive serum that tested positive via FgICS, specificity tests confirmed no cross-reactivity with other positive sera of Schistosoma japonicum and Babesia bovis. The strip remained stable after storage at 4°C for up to 3 months. In infected buffalo, antibodies could be detected as early as 14-21 days post-infection. The detection of 17 positive sera yielded an 82.4% positive rate via FgICS vs. a 100.0% positive rate via ELISA based on FgESP. For FgICS, the 95% confidence interval of sensitivity was 84.8-95.4%, while specificity was 4.2-14.7%. Conclusion: The immunochromatographic strip FgICS developed in this study provides a simple and rapid method of F. gigantica antibody detection and infected buffalo monitoring in the field.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(40): 9355-9362, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36190250

RESUMO

Analogous to black phosphorus, SnS processes folded structure that shows a strongly anisotropic optical absorption. Herein, by using ultrafast two-color pump and probe spectroscopy, the azimuthal angle dependence of nonlinear optical anisotropy in SnS is investigated. After 390 nm photoexcitation, the reflectivity of the 780 nm probe beam is first reduced significantly, followed by a complex alternation with the rotation of the sample along the c-axis. The relaxation of reflectivity consisted of two components: a 1-3 ps fast process that shows azimuthal angle and pump fluence dependence, which arises from electron-phonon coupling. The slow process shows strongly azimuthal angle dependence, which arises from the recovery of a photoinduced structural change, i.e., from the photoinduced metastable state with Cmcm-like symmetry to the initial state with Pnma symmetry. In addition, a coherent acoustic phonon with a frequency of 40 GHz is also identified, which originates from the temperature gradient-induced strain wave in the SnS crystal.

4.
ACS Nano ; 16(7): 10545-10553, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35802911

RESUMO

Magnetic domain formation in two-dimensional (2D) materials gives perspectives into the fundamental origins of 2D magnetism and also motivates the development of advanced spintronics devices. However, the characterization of magnetic domains in atomically thin van der Waals (vdW) flakes remains challenging. Here, we employ X-ray photoemission electron microscopy (XPEEM) to perform layer-resolved imaging of the domain structures in the itinerant vdW ferromagnet Fe5GeTe2 which shows near room temperature bulk ferromagnetism and a weak perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). In the bulk limit, we observe the well-known labyrinth-type domains. Thinner flakes, on the other hand, are characterized by increasingly fragmented domains. While PMA is a characteristic property of Fe5GeTe2, we observe a spin-reorientation transition with the spins canting in-plane for flakes thinner than six layers. Notably, a bubble phase emerges in four-layer flakes. This thickness dependence, which clearly deviates from the single-domain behavior observed in other 2D magnetic materials, demonstrates the exciting prospect of stabilizing complex spin textures in 2D vdW magnets at relatively high temperatures.

5.
ACS Synth Biol ; 11(6): 2029-2035, 2022 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549091

RESUMO

Receptor downregulation is instrumental for many therapeutic interventions. Receptor knockout through gene-editing technologies is efficient but can introduce off-target mutations and chromothripsis. Regulation of gene expression at the protein level is a promising alternative. Here, we present results showing the targeted T cell antigen receptor (TCR) degradation using chimeric E3 fusion proteins that we call Receptor Targeting Chimeras (ReceptorTAC). We show that TCR degradation is dependent on enzymatically active, membrane-anchored E3 ligase variants. TCR specificity was achieved by direct fusion of an E3 domain to the CD3ζ transmembrane sequence. Jurkat and primary T cells stably expressing the ReceptorTAC constructs showed significantly reduced responses to TCR stimulation. We also used our ReceptorTAC technology to generate TCR-deficient, claudin18.2-specific CAR T cells, where the activity of the CAR was unaffected by the expression of the ReceptorTAC. These data indicate that our ReceptorTAC molecule can be used to generate allogeneic CAR T cells.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Edição de Genes , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
6.
Nano Lett ; 22(11): 4307-4314, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35604392

RESUMO

The topological electronic structure plays a central role in the nontrivial physical properties in topological quantum materials. A minimal, "hydrogen-atom-like" topological electronic structure is desired for research. In this work, we demonstrate an effort toward the realization of such a system in the intrinsic magnetic topological insulator MnBi2Te4, by manipulating the topological surface state (TSS) via surface modification. Using high resolution laser- and synchrotron-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), we found the TSS in MnBi2Te4 is heavily hybridized with a trivial Rashba-type surface state (RSS), which could be efficiently removed by the in situ surface potassium (K) dosing. By employing multiple experimental methods to characterize K dosed surface, we attribute such a modification to the electrochemical reactions of K clusters on the surface. Our work not only gives a clear band assignment in MnBi2Te4 but also provides possible new routes in accentuating the topological behavior in the magnetic topological quantum materials.

7.
ACS Nano ; 16(5): 8107-8115, 2022 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35471015

RESUMO

Two-dimensional materials with tunable in-plane anisotropic infrared response promise versatile applications in polarized photodetectors and field-effect transistors. Black phosphorus is a prominent example. However, it suffers from poor ambient stability. Here, we report the strain-tunable anisotropic infrared response of a layered material Nb2SiTe4, whose lattice structure is similar to the 2H-phase transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) with three different kinds of building units. Strikingly, some of the strain-tunable optical transitions are crystallographic axis-dependent, even showing an opposite shift when uniaxial strain is applied along two in-plane principal axes. Moreover, G0W0-BSE calculations show good agreement with the anisotropic extinction spectra. The optical selection rules are obtained via group theory analysis, and the strain induced unusual shift trends are well explained by the orbital coupling analysis. Our comprehensive study suggests that Nb2SiTe4 is a good candidate for tunable polarization-sensitive optoelectronic devices.

8.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 963, 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35181649

RESUMO

In low-dimensional systems with strong electronic correlations, the application of an ultrashort laser pulse often yields novel phases that are otherwise inaccessible. The central challenge in understanding such phenomena is to determine how dimensionality and many-body correlations together govern the pathway of a non-adiabatic transition. To this end, we examine a layered compound, 1T-TiSe2, whose three-dimensional charge-density-wave (3D CDW) state also features exciton condensation due to strong electron-hole interactions. We find that photoexcitation suppresses the equilibrium 3D CDW while creating a nonequilibrium 2D CDW. Remarkably, the dimension reduction does not occur unless bound electron-hole pairs are broken. This relation suggests that excitonic correlations maintain the out-of-plane CDW coherence, settling a long-standing debate over their role in the CDW transition. Our findings demonstrate how optical manipulation of electronic interaction enables one to control the dimensionality of a broken-symmetry order, paving the way for realizing other emergent states in strongly correlated systems.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1089394, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36620027

RESUMO

Introduction: Widespread Fasciola gigantica infection in buffaloes has caused great economic losses in buffalo farming. Studies on F. gigantica excretory and secretory products (FgESP) have highlighted their importance in F. gigantica parasitism and their potential in vaccine development. Identifying FgESP components involved in F. gigantica-buffalo interactions during different periods is important for developing effective strategies against fasciolosis. Methods: Buffaloes were assigned to non-infection (n = 3, as control group) and infection (n = 3) groups. The infection group was orally administrated 250 metacercariae. Sera were collected at 3, 10, and 16 weeks post-infection (wpi) for the non-infection group and at 0 (pre-infection), 1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 13, and 16 wpi for the infection group. FgESP components interacting with sera from the non-infection and infection groups assay were pulled down by co-IP and identified using LC-MS/MS. Interacting FgESP components in infection group were subjected to Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) metabolic pathway and gene ontology (GO) functional annotation to infer their potential functions. Results and discussion: Proteins of FgESP components identified in the non-infection group at 3, 10, and 16 wpi accounted for 80.5%, 84.3%, and 82.1% of all proteins identified in these three time points, respectively, indicating surroundings did not affect buffalo immune response during maintenance. Four hundred and ninety proteins were identified in the infection group, of which 87 were consistently identified at 7 time points. Following GO analysis showed that most of these 87 proteins were in biological processes, while KEGG analysis showed they mainly functioned in metabolism and cellular processing, some of which were thought to functions throughout the infection process. The numbers of specific interactors identified for each week were 1 (n = 12), 3 (n = 5), 6 (n = 8), 8 (n = 15), 10 (n = 23), 13 (n = 22), and 16 (n = 14) wpi, some of which were thought to functions in specific infection process. This study screened the antigenic targets in FgESP during a dense time course over a long period. These findings may enhance the understanding of molecular F. gigantica-buffalo interactions and help identify new potential vaccine and drug target candidates.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(23): 236401, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936772

RESUMO

Quantum materials with layered kagome structures have drawn considerable attention due to their unique lattice geometry, which gives rise to flat bands together with Dirac-like dispersions. Recently, vanadium-based materials with layered kagome structures were discovered to be topological metals, which exhibit charge density wave (CDW) properties, significant anomalous Hall effect, and unusual superconductivity at low temperatures. Here, we employ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to investigate the electronic structure evolution upon the CDW transition in a vanadium-based kagome material RbV_{3}Sb_{5}. The CDW phase transition gives rise to a partial energy gap opening at the boundary of the Brillouin zone and, most importantly, the emergence of new van Hove singularities associated with large density of states, which are absent in the normal phase and might be related to the superconductivity observed at lower temperatures. Our work sheds light on the microscopic mechanisms for the formation of the CDW and superconducting states in these topological kagome metals.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6970, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848690

RESUMO

The nature of the interaction between magnetism and topology in magnetic topological semimetals remains mysterious, but may be expected to lead to a variety of novel physics. We systematically studied the magnetic semimetal EuAs3, demonstrating a magnetism-induced topological transition from a topological nodal-line semimetal in the paramagnetic or the spin-polarized state to a topological massive Dirac metal in the antiferromagnetic ground state at low temperature. The topological nature in the antiferromagnetic state and the spin-polarized state has been verified by electrical transport measurements. An unsaturated and extremely large magnetoresistance of ~2 × 105% at 1.8 K and 28.3 T is observed. In the paramagnetic states, the topological nodal-line structure at the Y point is proven by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Moreover, a temperature-induced Lifshitz transition accompanied by the emergence of a new band below 3 K is revealed. These results indicate that magnetic EuAs3 provides a rich platform to explore exotic physics arising from the interaction of magnetism with topology.

12.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(21): 24339-24348, 2021 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775378

RESUMO

In the present study, we found the expression of miR-15a-5p (miR-15a) was increased in glioma tissues, and we further explore the underlying mechanism of miR-15a in glioma progression. Microarray analysis used to identify the differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in glioma tissues. The expression of miR-15a in glioma tissues and cell lines was tested by qRT-PCR. Luciferase assay was used to determine the binding between miR-15a and Smad7. Wound healing and transwell assay were used to examine the role of miR-15a/Smad7 in SHG139 cells. Western blot was used to detect the protein level of Smad7 and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers. A tumor formation model in nude mice was established to measure the role of miR-15a in vivo. MiR-15a was significantly increased in glioma tissues and cells, which indicated a poor prognosis of glioma patients. MiR-15a mimics induced miR-15a level in SHG139 cells, and promoted the malignancy of SHG139 cells, while miR-15a inhibitor showed the opposite effects. Luciferase assay indicated that Smad7 was the direct target of miR-15a, and Smad7 was down-regulated in glioma tissues. Functional experiments revealed that miR-15a inhibitor inhibited the EMT pathway and the migration and invasion of glioma cells, but the silencing of Smad7 reversed the effects of miR-15a inhibitor in EMT pathway and glioma progression. Finally, we performed animal experiments to verify the role of miR-15a in vivo. Present study showed that deletion of miR-15a inhibited the activation of EMT signaling via targeting Smad7, thus suppressed the tumorigenesis and tumor growth of glioma.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Glioma , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína Smad7/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inativação Gênica , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(18): 187004, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767411

RESUMO

The superconductivity of a kagome superconductor CsV_{3}Sb_{5} is studied by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy at ultralow temperature with high resolution. Two kinds of superconducting gaps with multiple sets of coherent peaks and residual zero-energy density of states (DOS) are observed on both half-Cs and Sb surfaces, implying multiband superconductivity. In addition, in-gap states can be induced by magnetic impurities but not by nonmagnetic impurities, suggesting a sign-preserving or s-wave superconducting order parameter. Moreover, the interplay between charge density waves (CDW) and superconductivity differs on various bands, resulting in different density-of-states distributions. Our results suggest that the superconducting gap is likely isotropic on the sections of Fermi surface that play little roles in CDW, and the superconducting gaps on the sections of Fermi surface with anisotropic CDW gaps are likely anisotropic as well. The residual spectral weights at zero energy are attributed to the extremely small superconducting gap on the tiny oval Fermi pockets. Our study provides critical clues for further understanding the superconductivity and its relation to CDW in CsV_{3}Sb_{5}.

14.
ACS Nano ; 15(10): 15850-15857, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644492

RESUMO

Quantum well states (QWSs) can form at the surface or interfaces of materials with confinement potential. They have broad applications in electronic and optical devices such as high mobility electron transistor, photodetector, and quantum well laser. The properties of the QWSs are usually the key factors for the performance of the devices. However, direct visualization and manipulation of such states are, in general, challenging. In this work, by using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS), we directly probe the QWSs generated on the vacuum interface of a narrow band gap semiconductor Nb2SiTe4. Interestingly, the position and splitting of QWSs could be easily manipulated via potassium (K) dosage onto the sample surface. Our results suggest Nb2SiTe4 to be an intriguing semiconductor system to study and engineer the QWSs, which has great potential in device applications.

15.
Nature ; 595(7866): 239-244, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234338

RESUMO

Exotic phenomena can be achieved in quantum materials by confining electronic states into two dimensions. For example, relativistic fermions are realized in a single layer of carbon atoms1, the quantized Hall effect can result from two-dimensional (2D) systems2,3, and the superconducting transition temperature can be considerably increased in a one-atomic-layer material4,5. Ordinarily, a 2D electronic system can be obtained by exfoliating the layered materials, growing monolayer materials on substrates, or establishing interfaces between different materials. Here we use femtosecond infrared laser pulses to invert the periodic lattice distortion sectionally in a three-dimensional (3D) charge density wave material (1T-TiSe2), creating macroscopic domain walls of transient 2D ordered electronic states with unusual properties. The corresponding ultrafast electronic and lattice dynamics are captured by time-resolved and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy6 and ultrafast electron diffraction at energies of the order of megaelectronvolts7. Moreover, in the photoinduced 2D domain wall near the surface we identify a phase with enhanced density of states and signatures of potential opening of an energy gap near the Fermi energy. Such optical modulation of atomic motion is an alternative path towards realizing 2D electronic states and will be a useful platform upon which novel phases in quantum materials may be discovered.

16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 246601, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213928

RESUMO

The magnetic van der Waals crystals MnBi_{2}Te_{4}/(Bi_{2}Te_{3})_{n} have drawn significant attention due to their rich topological properties and the tunability by external magnetic field. Although the MnBi_{2}Te_{4}/(Bi_{2}Te_{3})_{n} family have been intensively studied in the past few years, their close relatives, the MnSb_{2}Te_{4}/(Sb_{2}Te_{3})_{n} family, remain much less explored. In this work, combining magnetotransport measurements, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, and first principles calculations, we find that MnSb_{4}Te_{7}, the n=1 member of the MnSb_{2}Te_{4}/(Sb_{2}Te_{3})_{n} family, is a magnetic topological system with versatile topological phases that can be manipulated by both carrier doping and magnetic field. Our calculations unveil that its A-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state stays in a Z_{2} AFM topological insulator phase, which can be converted to an inversion-symmetry-protected axion insulator phase when in the ferromagnetic (FM) state. Moreover, when this system in the FM phase is slightly carrier doped on either the electron or hole side, it becomes a Weyl semimetal with multiple Weyl nodes in the highest valence bands and lowest conduction bands, which are manifested by the measured notable anomalous Hall effect. Our work thus introduces a new magnetic topological material with different topological phases that are highly tunable by carrier doping or magnetic field.

17.
ACS Nano ; 15(4): 7149-7154, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739831

RESUMO

The ternary van der Waals material Nb2Six-1Te4 demonstrates many interesting properties as the content of Si is changed, ranging from metallic Nb3SiTe6 (x = 5/3) to narrow-gap semiconductor Nb2SiTe4 (x = 2) and with the emergence of one-dimensional Dirac fermion excitations in between. An in-depth understanding of their properties with different stoichiometry is important. Here we use scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy to reveal that Nb2Six-1Te4 is a system with spontaneously developed and self-aligned one-dimensional metallic chains embedded in a two-dimensional semiconductor. Electron quasiparticles form one- and two-dimensional standing waves side by side. This special microscopic structure results in strong transport anisotropy. Along the chain direction the material behaves like a metal, while perpendicular to the chain direction, it behaves like a semiconductor. These findings provide an important basis for further investigation of this intriguing system.

18.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(40): 9807-9811, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597509

RESUMO

The electronic structure of the natural topological semimetal Co3Sn2S2 crystals was studied by using near-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS) and resonant photoelectron spectroscopy (ResPES). Although, the significant increase of the Co 3d valence band emission is observed at the Co 2p absorption edge in the ResPES experiments, the spectral weight at these photon energies is dominated by the normal Auger contribution. This observation indicates the delocalized character of photoexcited Co 3d electrons and is supported by the first-principle calculations. Our results on the investigations of the element- and orbital-specific electronic states near the Fermi level of Co3Sn2S2 are of importance for the comprehensive description of the electronic structure of this material, which is significant for its future applications in different areas of science and technology, including catalysis and water splitting.

19.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(12): 12925-12938, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593235

RESUMO

Epicatechin (EC) has significant antiinflammation, antioxidation, and anticancer activities. It also provides a new alternative treatment for mastitis, which can result in great economic losses in the dairy industry if left untreated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of EC on mastitis and the underlying mechanism using in vivo and in vitro systems. The use of ELISA and immunohistochemistry assays showed that EC treatment at 1.5, 7.5, 15, and 30 mg/mL decreased protein expression of inflammatory mediators, including cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase; inflammatory cytokines, which were composed of IL-1ß, TNF-α, and IL-6 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated bovine mammary epithelial cell line (MAC-T); and mouse mammary gland, together with reduced filtration of T lymphocytes in the mouse mammary gland. Furthermore, EC treatment reduced LPS-induced phosphorylation levels of p65 and inhibitor of NF-κB, and blocked nuclear translocation of p65 as revealed by western blot and immunofluorescence test in MAC-T cells and the mouse mammary gland. Epicatechin also attenuated LPS-induced phosphorylation levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase members (i.e., p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 and extracellular regulated protein kinases 1/2). Using RNA-seq and tandem mass tag analyses, upregulation of TMEM35A and TMPO proteins was disclosed in MAC-T cells cotreated with LPS and EC. Although clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9-based knockdown of TMEM35A and TMPO attenuated abundance of phosphorylated (p)-p65, p-p38, TNF-α, and iNOS, overexpression of TMEM35A reversed EC-mediated effects in TMPO knockdown cells. Moreover, interaction between TMEM35A and TMPO was detected using the co-immunoprecipitation method. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that EC inhibited LPS-induced inflammatory response in MAC-T cells and the mouse mammary gland. Importantly, TMEM35A mediated the transmembrane transport of EC, and the interaction between TMEM35A and TMPO inhibited MAPK and NF-κB pathways.


Assuntos
Catequina , Doenças dos Bovinos , Proteínas de Membrana , Doenças dos Roedores , Timopoietinas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Catequina/farmacologia , Bovinos , Óxidos N-Cíclicos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/veterinária , Lipopolissacarídeos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Timopoietinas/genética , Timopoietinas/metabolismo
20.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(11): 1322-1326, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of F0 ATP synthase C subunit (Csub) in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: The 101 patients with chest pain admitted to the department of emergency of the People's Hospital of Yuhuan from May 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled, including 59 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 42 patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP). At the same time, 50 age-matched healthy subjects in the health examination center were selected as the healthy control (HC). All patients had completed blood sampling before the intervention of drugs or other intervention measures in the emergency room. The content of serum Csub was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the relationship between Csub and clinical characteristics was analyzed. At the same time, the contents of hypersensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) in blood were detected by electrochemical luminescence. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the value of Csub, hs-cTnT, and CK-MB in the early diagnosis of IHD. RESULTS: The baseline data such as age, gender, and history of the three groups were balanced. There were significant differences in low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), CK-MB, hs-cTnT and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), but there were no significant differences in other biochemical indexes. The Csub content in the AMI group and the UAP group were significantly higher than those in the HC group [8.96% (6.37%, 11.53%), 4.27% (3.23%, 6.49%) vs. 1.56% (1.07%, 2.33%), both P < 0.01]. Moreover, the Csub in the AMI group with more severe myocardial ischemia was higher than UAP group [8.96% (6.37%, 11.53%) vs. 4.27% (3.23%, 6.49%), P < 0.01]. A total of 59 patients with AMI were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). According to the median of Csub, AMI patients were subdivided into above-median group (29 cases) and below-median group (30 cases). The results showed that there were no significant differences in the number of coronary artery lesion branches, the number of stent implantation and postoperative medication between the two groups. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) of Csub, hs-cTnT and CK-MB in the diagnosis of IHD were 0.98 (0.95-1.00), 0.99 (0.99-1.00), 0.94 (0.89-0.99), respectively. The diagnostic efficacy of Csub was slightly lower than that of hs-cTnT but higher than that of CK-MB. When the cut-off value of Csub was 4.74%, the sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of IHD were 100% and 87.0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Csub increased significantly in the serum of IHD patients, and further increased with the severity of ischemia. It can be used as a new diagnostic biomarker for the diagnosis and evaluation of the development of myocardial ischemia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Troponina T
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