Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 331
Filtrar
1.
Environ Sci Ecotechnol ; 21: 100422, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746775

RESUMO

Remediating soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) presents a significant environmental challenge due to their toxic and carcinogenic properties. Traditional PAHs remediation methods-chemical, thermal, and bioremediation-along with conventional soil-washing agents like surfactants and cyclodextrins face challenges of cost, ecological harm, and inefficiency. Here we show an effective and environmentally friendly calixarene derivative for PAHs removal through soil washing. Thiacalix[4]arene tetrasulfonate (TCAS) has a unique molecular structure of a sulfonate group and a sulfur atom, which enhances its solubility and facilitates selective binding with PAHs. It forms host-guest complexes with PAHs through π-π stacking, OH-π interactions, hydrogen bonding, van der Waals forces, and electrostatic interactions. These interactions enable partial encapsulation of PAH molecules, aiding their desorption from the soil matrix. Our results show that a 0.7% solution of TCAS can extract approximately 50% of PAHs from contaminated soil while preserving soil nutrients and minimizing adverse environmental effects. This research unveils the pioneering application of TCAS in removing PAHs from contaminated soil, marking a transformative advancement in resource-efficient and sustainable soil remediation strategies.

2.
Inquiry ; 61: 469580241249425, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727154

RESUMO

Quality improvement is an international priority, and quality education and training are important parts of hospital quality management. The aim of this study was to understand the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) and its influencing factors related to quality training in medical staff. A questionnaire survey was conducted by convenience sampling to assess the KAP of quality training in Taizhou Enze Medical Center. Principal component analysis was used to extract factors from the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics (frequency, median, mean), Kendall grade correlation analysis, and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to analyze the data. A total of 205 staff members participated in the questionnaire survey. For the 5 factors of the KAP scale, the highest score was factor F4, recognition and support for quality training (mean = 90.55, median = 100), followed by factor F3, perceived benefits (mean = 84.46, median = 85.65). Relatively lower scores were found for factor F2, quality knowledge learning and mastery (mean = 63.09, median = 63.89), and F5, quality management practices and sharing (mean = 82.07, median = 75.00). There was a correlation between the 5 factors. The scores of F2 (quality knowledge learning and mastery) for staff with senior professional titles were higher than those for staff with intermediate professional titles or below. The score of F3 (perceived benefits of quality training) in medical technicians and nurses was higher than in doctors and administrative personnel. Our findings showed that the respondents' attitude toward quality training was positive, but their knowledge mastery and practice behaviors should be further improved. Occupational category and professional title were the influencing factors of the quality training KAP. Therefore, hospital should conduct quality management training at a wider scope according to the competency requirements of different groups, and further optimize the improvement and innovation system.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Gerais , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Melhoria de Qualidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar , China
3.
BMC Nurs ; 23(1): 256, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abusive supervision by the nurse manager significantly influences nurses' withholding voice about patient safety. The role of impression management motivation and speak up-related climate is crucial in understanding their connection. This study aimed to explore the relationship between abusive supervision, impression management motivation, speak up-related climate, and withholding voice about patient safety. METHODS: This cross-sectional study employed a convenience sampling method to recruit 419 clinical nurses from Taizhou Hospital, Zhejiang Province, China, between 1 November 2022 and 31 January 2023. The study adhered to the STROBE checklist. Abusive supervision and impression management motivation were assessed using the Chinese versions of the Abusive Supervision Scale and the Impression Management Motivation Scale, respectively. Withholding voice about patient safety and speak up-related climate were identified using the Chinese version of the Speaking Up about Patient Safety Questionnaire. RESULTS: Nurse leaders' abusive supervision (ß=0.40, p<0.01) and nurses' impression management motivation (ß=0.10, p<0.01) significantly and positively influenced nurses' withholding voice about patient safety. We introduced impression management motivation as a mediating variable, and the effect of abusive supervision on nurses' withholding voice decreased (ß from 0.40 to 0.38, p< 0.01). Nurses' speak up-related climate played a moderating role between abusive supervision and impression management motivation (ß= 0.24, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Abusive supervision by nursing leaders can result in nurses withholding voice about patient safety out of self-protective impression management motives. This phenomenon inhibits nurses' subjective initiative and undermines their proactive involvement in improving patient safety, and hinders the cultivation of a culture encouraging full participation in patient safety, which should warrant significant attention.

4.
Prev Med Rep ; 37: 102538, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38162118

RESUMO

This study investigated sex differences in the relationship between post-vaccination adverse reactions, decision regret, and willingness to pay (WTP) for the booster dose of COVID-19 vaccines. This research carried out an online cross-sectional investigation among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Taizhou, China. In total, 1,054 respondents (165 males and 889 females) have received two-dose COVID-19 vaccination. We performed descriptive analysis, chi-square test, and mediation analysis on the exported data. In this study, 67 (40.6%) males and 429 (48.3%) females had WTP for the booster dose. Our study presented that decision regret mediated the effect of adverse reactions after vaccination on WTP for the booster dose in both male and female groups. In males, decision regret played a completely mediating role, while in females, it acted as a partial mediator. Sex differences in the relationship between post-vaccination side effects, decision regret, and WTP for the third dose were demonstrated in a sample of healthcare workers.

5.
Prev Med Rep ; 37: 102550, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38179442

RESUMO

Purpose: We explored the influence of the "Ten new guidelines" on healthcare workers' preparedness, work impact, personal life impact, concerns, and support in Taizhou, China. Methods: A hospital-based self-administered online survey was conducted to investigate the levels of COVID-19 related experience among healthcare workers in December 2022. In total, 472 out of 2080 healthcare workers (22.7 % response rate) completed the questionnaires with valid responses. Stepwise linear regression was used to investigate the independence of factors associated with preparedness, work impact, personal life impact, concerns, and support. Results: The results revealed that working position (p < 0.001), pressure (p = 0.005), and negative affect (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with preparedness. Working position (p = 0.015), number of children (p = 0.040), working years (p = 0.019), COVID-19 risk perception (p < 0.001), work overload (p < 0.001), and negative affect (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with work impact. In addition, COVID-19 risk perception (p < 0.001), work overload (p < 0.001), pressure (p = 0.002), history of COVID-19 infection (p = 0.008), and awareness of possible infectious time (p = 0.031) were significantly associated with personal life impact. COVID-19 risk perception (p < 0.001), negative affect (p < 0.001), and work overload (p = 0.020) were significantly associated with concerns. Sex (p = 0.020) and negative affect (p = 0.016) were significantly associated with support. Conclusion: Negative affect was the most significant factor associated with COVID-19 related questions among healthcare workers under "Ten new guidelines" during COVID-19 pandemic.

6.
Adv Mater ; 36(5): e2307991, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37757786

RESUMO

Ultra-high-density single-atom catalysts (UHD-SACs) present unique opportunities for harnessing cooperative effects between neighboring metal centers. However, the lack of tools to establish correlations between the density, types, and arrangements of isolated metal atoms and the support surface properties hinders efforts to engineer advanced material architectures. Here, this work precisely describes the metal center organization in various mono- and multimetallic UHD-SACs based on nitrogen-doped carbon (NC) supports by coupling transmission electron microscopy with tailored machine-learning methods (released as a user-friendly web app) and density functional theory simulations. This approach quantifies the non-negligible presence of multimers with increasing atom density, characterizes the size and shape of these low-nuclearity clusters, and identifies surface atom density criteria to ensure isolation. Further, it provides previously inaccessible experimental insights into coordination site arrangements in the NC host, uncovering a repulsive interaction that influences the disordered distribution of metal centers in UHD-SACs. This observation holds in multimetallic systems, where chemically-specific analysis quantifies the degree of intermixing. These fundamental insights into the materials chemistry of single-atom catalysts are crucial for designing catalytic systems with superior reactivity.

7.
ACS Nano ; 17(20): 20570-20579, 2023 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37807272

RESUMO

Organic semiconductor materials hold promising applications in photocatalytic hydrogen evolution due to their high modifiability and wide range of light absorption capability. In this study, we present an effective strategy for promoting the separation of photoexcited electrons from organic conjugated centers to active sites by modifying different nitrogen-containing groups on pyrene molecules. Building on this foundation, the well-designed catalyst Py-m-2N has demonstrated good performance by achieving a photocatalytic hydrogen evolution rate of 48.86 mmol g-1 h-1, even in the absence of the precious metal platinum cocatalyst. This achievement places the pyrene-based photocatalyst ahead of the majority of its organic counterparts. Our comprehensive characterization and density functional theory calculations reveal that the nitrogen atom not only serves as an active site for hydrogen production but also plays a pivotal role in efficiently accumulating bulk-phase electrons. This electron enrichment process enhances the transport of photoexcited electrons from the light-absorbing pyrene units to the active nitrogen sites. This work provides inspiration for the future design of effective nitrogen-atom-modified organic semiconductor photocatalysts at the molecular level.

8.
Nature ; 622(7984): 754-760, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37730999

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) have well-defined active sites, making them of potential interest for organic synthesis1-4. However, the architecture of these mononuclear metal species stabilized on solid supports may not be optimal for catalysing complex molecular transformations owing to restricted spatial environment and electronic quantum states5,6. Here we report a class of heterogeneous geminal-atom catalysts (GACs), which pair single-atom sites in specific coordination and spatial proximity. Regularly separated nitrogen anchoring groups with delocalized π-bonding nature in a polymeric carbon nitride (PCN) host7 permit the coordination of Cu geminal sites with a ground-state separation of about 4 Å at high metal density8. The adaptable coordination of individual Cu sites in GACs enables a cooperative bridge-coupling pathway through dynamic Cu-Cu bonding for diverse C-X (X = C, N, O, S) cross-couplings with a low activation barrier. In situ characterization and quantum-theoretical studies show that such a dynamic process for cross-coupling is triggered by the adsorption of two different reactants at geminal metal sites, rendering homo-coupling unfeasible. These intrinsic advantages of GACs enable the assembly of heterocycles with several coordination sites, sterically congested scaffolds and pharmaceuticals with highly specific and stable activity. Scale-up experiments and translation to continuous flow suggest broad applicability for the manufacturing of fine chemicals.

9.
Rep Prog Phys ; 86(10)2023 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37706242

RESUMO

The concept of topological energy bands and their manifestations have been demonstrated in condensed matter systems as a fantastic paradigm toward unprecedented physical phenomena and properties that are robust against disorders. Recent years, this paradigm was extended to phononic metamaterials (including mechanical and acoustic metamaterials), giving rise to the discovery of remarkable phenomena that were not observed elsewhere thanks to the extraordinary controllability and tunability of phononic metamaterials as well as versatile measuring techniques. These phenomena include, but not limited to, topological negative refraction, topological 'sasers' (i.e. the phononic analog of lasers), higher-order topological insulating states, non-Abelian topological phases, higher-order Weyl semimetal phases, Majorana-like modes in Dirac vortex structures and fragile topological phases with spectral flows. Here we review the developments in the field of topological phononic metamaterials from both theoretical and experimental perspectives with emphasis on the underlying physics principles. To give a broad view of topological phononics, we also discuss the synergy with non-Hermitian effects and cover topics including synthetic dimensions, artificial gauge fields, Floquet topological acoustics, bulk topological transport, topological pumping, and topological active matters as well as potential applications, materials fabrications and measurements of topological phononic metamaterials. Finally, we discuss the challenges, opportunities and future developments in this intriguing field and its potential impact on physics and materials science.

10.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 53(3): 409-417, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37437935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE), characterized by cognitive and emotional impairments, is not well investigated in sepsis survivors. Growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6) has been extensively used to treat cerebral diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of Gas6 in post-septic mice and to determine the underlying mechanisms of action. METHODS: Mice underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) for sepsis induction. Mice were then immediately injected with 6 µg of Gas6 via the tail vein, and the effect was evaluated after 24 hours. The neurological severity score (NSS) was used to assess neurological deficits in post-septic mice. In addition, brain edema was evaluated by measuring the brain water content and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability using Evans blue (EB) dye extravasation. Western blotting and immunofluorescence assays were performed to determine the expression of tight junction (TJ)-associated proteins such as occludin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1). RESULTS: Post-septic mice exhibited increased NSS, brain edema, and BBB permeability. However, acute Gas6 treatment attenuated the severe effects of sepsis on neurologic function in mice. Therefore, Gas6 attenuates brain edema and restores BBB permeability. These findings suggest that Gas6 could alleviate neurological deficits, brain edema, BBB damage, and reverse the decreased expression of occludin and ZO-1 in the brain tissue to protect against SAE. CONCLUSION: Gas6 protects against SAE by restoring the impaired BBB permeability.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Encefalopatia Associada a Sepse , Animais , Camundongos , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Edema Encefálico/complicações , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Ocludina , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 4457, 2023 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37491343

RESUMO

Topologically protected photonic edge states offer unprecedented robust propagation of photons that are promising for waveguiding, lasing, and quantum information processing. Here, we report on the discovery of a class of hybrid topological photonic crystals that host simultaneously quantum anomalous Hall and valley Hall phases in different photonic band gaps. The underlying hybrid topology manifests itself in the edge channels as the coexistence of the dual-band chiral edge states and unbalanced valley Hall edge states. We experimentally realize the hybrid topological photonic crystal, unveil its unique topological transitions, and verify its unconventional dual-band gap topological edge states using pump-probe techniques. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the dual-band photonic topological edge channels can serve as frequency-multiplexing devices that function as both beam splitters and combiners. Our study unveils hybrid topological insulators as an exotic topological state of photons as well as a promising route toward future applications in topological photonics.

12.
Opt Express ; 31(11): 17695-17708, 2023 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37381496

RESUMO

We systematically study the first- and second-order band topologies, which are tied to the pseudospin and valley degree of freedoms (DOFs), in honeycomb-kagome photonic crystals (HKPCs). We first demonstrate the quantum spin Hall phase as the first-order pseudospin-induced topology in HKPCs by observing the partial pseudospin-momentum locked edge states. By employing the topological crystalline index, we also discover the multiple corner states emerging in the hexagon-shaped supercell as the manifestation of the second-order pseudospin-induced topology in HKPCs. Next, by gapping the Dirac points, a lower band gap associated with the valley DOF emerges, in which the valley-momentum locked edge states are observed as the first-order valley-induced topology. Such HKPCs without inversion symmetry are proved to be Wannier-type second-order topological insulators, which manifested with valley-selective corner states. Additionally, we also discuss the symmetry breaking effect on pseudospin-momentum locked edge states. Our work realizes both pseudospin-induced and valley-induced topologies in a higher-order manner and thus provides more flexibility in manipulating electromagnetic waves, which may find potential applications in topological routings.

13.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(20): 3157-3167, 2023 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37346159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been confirmed that three-dimensional (3D) imaging allows easier identification of bile duct anatomy and intraoperative guidance of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), which reduces the radiation dose and procedure time with improved safety. However, current 3D biliary imaging does not have good real-time fusion with intraoperative imaging, a process meant to overcome the influence of intraoperative respiratory motion and guide navigation. The present study explored the feasibility of real-time continuous image-guided ERCP. AIM: To explore the feasibility of real-time continuous image-guided ERCP. METHODS: We selected 2 3D-printed abdominal biliary tract models with different structures to simulate different patients. The ERCP environment was simulated for the biliary phantom experiment to create a navigation system, which was further tested in patients. In addition, based on the estimation of the patient's respiratory motion, preoperative 3D biliary imaging from computed tomography of 18 patients with cholelithiasis was registered and fused in real-time with 2D fluoroscopic sequence generated by the C-arm unit during ERCP. RESULTS: Continuous image-guided ERCP was applied in the biliary phantom with a registration error of 0.46 mm ± 0.13 mm and a tracking error of 0.64 mm ± 0.24 mm. After estimating the respiratory motion, 3D/2D registration accurately transformed preoperative 3D biliary images to each image in the X-ray image sequence in real-time in 18 patients, with an average fusion rate of 88%. CONCLUSION: Continuous image-guided ERCP may be an effective approach to assist the operator and reduce the use of X-ray and contrast agents.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Humanos , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Sistema Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste , Fluoroscopia
14.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 18(7): 763-771, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37231143

RESUMO

Heterogeneous single-atom spin catalysts combined with magnetic fields provide a powerful means for accelerating chemical reactions with enhanced metal utilization and reaction efficiency. However, designing these catalysts remains challenging due to the need for a high density of atomically dispersed active sites with a short-range quantum spin exchange interaction and long-range ferromagnetic ordering. Here, we devised a scalable hydrothermal approach involving an operando acidic environment for synthesizing various single-atom spin catalysts with widely tunable substitutional magnetic atoms (M1) in a MoS2 host. Among all the M1/MoS2 species, Ni1/MoS2 adopts a distorted tetragonal structure that prompts both ferromagnetic coupling to nearby S atoms as well as adjacent Ni1 sites, resulting in global room-temperature ferromagnetism. Such coupling benefits spin-selective charge transfer in oxygen evolution reactions to produce triplet O2. Furthermore, a mild magnetic field of ~0.5 T enhances the oxygen evolution reaction magnetocurrent by ~2,880% over Ni1/MoS2, leading to excellent activity and stability in both seawater and pure water splitting cells. As supported by operando characterizations and theoretical calculations, a great magnetic-field-enhanced oxygen evolution reaction performance over Ni1/MoS2 is attributed to a field-induced spin alignment and spin density optimization over S active sites arising from field-regulated S(p)-Ni(d) hybridization, which in turn optimizes the adsorption energies for radical intermediates to reduce overall reaction barriers.

15.
Int J Public Health ; 68: 1605539, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37089792

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate COVID-19 burnout syndrome among healthcare workers in Taizhou, China. Methods: A total of 1,103 qualified healthcare workers in Taizhou were included in the study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) was used to assess burnout syndrome. Results: Among the healthcare workers surveyed, 25.9% experienced COVID-19 burnout syndrome, including 22.3% and 3.6% with mild and moderate burnout, respectively. Multivariate linear regression models revealed associations with emotional exhaustion among healthcare workers, as follows: occupation, education level and professional qualifications. Professional efficacy was impacted by the pandemic, as follows: sex and occupation. The following factors were associated with cynicism among healthcare workers: occupation and underlying disease. Occupation (medical technician vs. physician, ß = -7.40, 95% confidence interval: -12.09 to -2.71, p = 0.002) was significantly related to MBI-GS scores after adjusting for confounding factors. Conclusion: COVID-19 burnout syndrome was common among healthcare workers in Taizhou, China, and its impact was more burdensome to physicians.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Médicos , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 10: 1089304, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37008313

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between serum laminin (LN) levels and clinical stages of heart failure in patients with chronic heart failure. Methods: A total of 277 patients with chronic heart failure were selected from September 2019 to June 2020 in the Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University. Based on stages of heart failure, the patients were divided into four groups: stage A, stage B, stage C, and stage D, with 55, 54, 77, and 91 cases, respectively. At the same time, 70 healthy people in this period were selected as the control group. Baseline data were recorded and serum Laminin (LN) levels were measured. The research compared, the differences in baseline data among the four groups of HF and normal controls, and analyzed the correlation between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of LN in the C-D stage of heart failure. Logistic multivariate ordered analysis was applied to screen the independent related factors of clinical stages of heart failure. Results: Serum LN levels in patients with chronic heart failure were significantly higher than those in healthy people, which were 33.2 (21.38, 101.9) ng/ml and 20.45 (15.53, 23.04) ng/ml, respectively. With the progression of clinical stages of HF, serum LN and NT-proBNP levels increased, while LVEF gradually decreased (P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that LN was positively correlated with NT-proBNP (r = 0.744, P = 0.000) and negatively correlated with LVEF (r = -0.568, P = 0.000). The area under the ROC curve of LN for predicting C and D stages of heart failure was 0.913, 95% confidence interval was 0.882-0.945, P = 0.000, specificity 94.97%, and sensitivity 77.38%. Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that LN, Total bilirubin, NT-proBNP and HA were all independent correlates of heart failure staging. Conclusion: Serum LN levels in patients with chronic heart failure are significantly increased and are independently correlated with the clinical stages of heart failure. It could potentially be an early warning index of the progression and severity of heart failure.

17.
Natl Sci Rev ; 10(1): nwac100, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36879660

RESUMO

Rational design and synthesis of catalytically active two-dimensional (2D) materials with an abundance of atomically precise active sites in their basal planes remains a great challenge. Here, we report a ligand exchange strategy to exfoliate bulk [Cu4(OH)6][O3S(CH2)4SO3] cuprate crystals into atomically thin 2D cuprate layers ([Cu2(OH)3]+). The basal plane of 2D cuprate layers contains periodic arrays of accessible unsaturated Cu(II) single sites (2D-CuSSs), which are found to promote efficient oxidative Chan-Lam coupling. Our mechanistic studies reveal that the reactions proceed via coordinatively unsaturated CuO4(II) single sites with the formation of Cu(I) species in the rate-limiting step, as corroborated by both operando experimental and theoretical studies. The robust stability of 2D-CuSSs in both batch and continuous flow reactions, coupled with their recyclability and good performance in complex molecule derivatization, render 2D-CuSSs attractive catalyst candidates for broad utility in fine chemical synthesis.

18.
Front Physiol ; 14: 1063601, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36846342

RESUMO

Light entrains the endogenous circadian clocks of organisms to synchronize their behavioral and physiological rhythms with the natural photoperiod. The presence of artificial light at night disrupts these photoperiodic cues and is currently considered to be a major threat to key fitness-related behaviors, including sleep disruption and physiological stress. Research on the ecological influence of forest pest and their natural enemies is lacking. The wood-boring insects significantly damage forest and urban forest ecosystem functions. The parasitic beetles, Dastarcus helophoroides is an important natural enemy of wood-boring insects, especially those in the Cerambycidae family. However, the effect of artificial light at night on the locomotor rhythms and oviposition capacity of D. helophoroides has received little attention. To address this gap, diel changes in the locomotor activity and number of eggs laid by female D. helophoroides was analyzed under different light-dark (LD) cycles and temperatures. The results showed that the 24-h rhythmic of locomotor activity in these beetles was elevated in darkness and reduced under illumination, indicating that they are nocturnal insects. This activity has two major peaks, the evening (1-8 h after lights off) and morning (3.5-12.5 h after lights off) components, reflecting that light mediate regular changes in locomotor activity. Moreover, the circadian rhythms and active percentage were influenced by the illumination duration and temperature, especially constant light and 40°C. Females laid more eggs under the 16 L: 8 D cycles at 30°C than under the other combinations of photoperiod (including constant light and darkness) and temperature. Finally, the potential influence of exposure to four ecologically relevant intensities of artificial light at night (0, 1, 10 or 100 lx) on oviposition capacity was studied. The results showed that lifetime exposure to bright artificial light (1-100 lx) at night decreased the number of eggs laid relative to those laid with no lighting at night. These results demonstrate that chronic exposure to bright artificial light at night may influence the locomotor activity and oviposition capacity of this parasitic beetle.

19.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 195(10): 5792-5801, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708490

RESUMO

This study is to identify the pathogenic mutation of a child with Sots syndrome and provide prenatal diagnosis for his pregnant mother. Chromosome microarray technology was used to detect whether there were minor deletions/duplication in patients' chromosomes. The gene mutation of patients was screened by next-generation sequencing technology, and it was verified by Sanger sequencing. Prenatal diagnosis of the fetus was conducted according to the selected pathogenic sites, and genetic counseling was conducted for her parents. Chromosome microarray results showed that there was no minor deletion in a chromosome 5q35 region, and the second-generation sequencing results showed that there was a c.4138delG heterozygous mutation in the patient's NSD1 gene, and the pathogenic of this mutation was not reported in related databases. Sanger sequencing found that there was a c.4138delG heterozygous mutation in the NSD1 gene of the patient and her parents' genotype at this locus was wild type. The prenatal gene test results indicated that there was heterozygous mutation of NSD1 gene c.4138delG in the fetus, so it was suggested to terminate the pregnancy. Gentling results indicated that the fetus and the patient inherited the same maternal chromosome 5. The heterozygous mutation of NSD1 gene c.4138delG is the pathogenic mutation of this Sots syndrome patient, and the mother may be germinal mosaicism.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sotos , Humanos , Criança , Feminino , Síndrome de Sotos/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sotos/genética , Síndrome de Sotos/patologia , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Histona Metiltransferases/genética , Mães , Mosaicismo , Fenótipo
20.
Acta Radiol ; 64(2): 732-740, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis is a major cause of ischemic stroke, accounting for 30% of ischemic strokes in Asian populations. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the degree of arterial stenosis and enhancement grade of intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD), the plaque characteristics in different remodeling patterns, and its potential impact. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 210 patients diagnosed with ICAD were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into the middle cerebral artery (MCA) group (101 cases), posterior cerebral artery (PCA) group (14 cases), basilar artery (BA) group (71 cases), and intracranial segment of vertebral artery (VA) group (90 cases) according to the difference of diseased vessels. Data on presence or absence of ischemic infarction, intracranial vascular position of lesions, plaque characteristics, ICAD enhancement grade, remodeling index, and degree of arterial stenosis were collected for analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of ischemic infarction in enhancement grade 2 was significantly higher than that in enhancement grade 1 in MCA group (P = 0.019). Enhancement grade 2 of ICAD was an independent risk factor for the development of ischemic infarction (odds ratio = 4.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.91-11.03; P = 0.001). There was no significant statistical difference in infarct rate between different remodeling modalities (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Enhancement grade of ICAD is significantly associated with the degree of stenosis and the occurrence of ischemic stroke, which varies in different intracranial vessels. The pattern of vascular remodeling varies among different intracranial vessels, and the pattern of vascular remodeling has a significant impact on plaque characteristics.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana , AVC Isquêmico , Placa Aterosclerótica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Constrição Patológica , Remodelação Vascular , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/complicações , Infarto/complicações , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/complicações , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...