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1.
Zootaxa ; 4951(2): zootaxa.4951.2.7, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903406

RESUMO

Two new species of the genus Stenoloba Staudinger, 1892 (S. mediana, sp. n. and S. fuscobrunnea, sp. n.) are described from Cambodia and Laos respectively, and a new species of the genus Victrix Staudinger, 1879 (V. noloides, sp. n.) from China is described. Stenoloba chlorographa Kononenko Ronkay, 2001 is reported for the first time from China (Xizang), and new distributional data for recently described Stenoloba species from Malaysia are presented.

2.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(5): 2502-2511, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884821

RESUMO

The use of heavy metal passivators to prevent vegetables from absorbing heavy metals is an important measure to control heavy metal-polluted vegetable fields and to ensure the safe production of vegetables. A pot experiment of planting three times in succession was conducted to study the effects of Bacillus megaterium N3 (N3), rice husk biochar (BC), sheep manure organic fertilizer (SM), strain N3 combined with biochar (BC+N3), and strain N3 combined with sheep manure (SM+N3) on Cd uptake and the functional stability of lettuce using a heavy metal passivator only at the first planting. The comprehensive applicability of the passivation materials was evaluated by the dynamic weighted comprehensive function. The results showed that when lettuce was planted for the first time, compared with the control, all the heavy metal passivators could significantly reduce (61.2%-81%) the Cd content in the edible part of the lettuce. However, in the third cultivation of lettuce, only SM+N3 could significantly reduce the Cd uptake by lettuce, which indicated that SM+N3 had the best functional stability. The dynamic weighted comprehensive function was used to evaluate the Cd content in the edible part of fresh lettuce, available Cd content in the soil, yield, and remediation cost. The results showed that the comprehensive applicability of SM+N3 was the best, followed by that of SM, BC+N3, and BC, and the comprehensive evaluation effect of strain N3 was the worst. The results of this study provide a theoretical basis and technical support for remediation of heavy metal-contaminated vegetable fields.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Cádmio/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Alface , Metais Pesados/análise , Ovinos , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
3.
Chemosphere ; 279: 130546, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894520

RESUMO

The transformation mechanisms of Cr(VI) in agricultural soils at the molecular level remain largely unknown due to the multitude of abiotic and biotic factors. In this study, the different speciation and distribution of Cr in two types of agricultural soil (Ultisol and Fluvo-aquic soils) after two weeks of aging was investigated using synchrotron-based X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy, microfocused X-ray fluorescence (µ-XRF) and X-ray transmission microscopy (STXM). The microbial community structure of the two soils was also analyzed via high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA. Cr(VI) availability was relatively lower in the Ultisol than in the Fluvo-aquic soil after aging. Cr K-edge bulk XANES and STXM analysis indicated that Cr(VI) was reduced to Cr(III) in both soils. µ-XRF analysis and STXM analysis indicated the predominant association of Cr with Mn/Fe oxides and/or organo-Fe oxides in both soils. Additionally, STXM-coupled imaging and multiedge XANES analyses demonstrated that carboxylic groups were involved in the reduction of Cr(VI) and subsequent retention of Cr(III). 16S rRNA analysis showed considerably different bacterial communities across the two soils. Redundancy analysis (RDA) suggested that soil properties, including the total carbon content, Fe oxide component and pH, were closely linked to Cr(VI)-reducing functional bacteria in the Ultisol, including chromium-reducing bacteria (CRB) (e.g., Bacillus sp.) and dissimilatory iron-reducing (DIRB) (e.g., Shewanella sp.) bacteria, which possibly promoted Cr(VI) reduction. These findings shed light on the molecular-level transformation mechanisms of Cr(VI) in agricultural soils, which facilitates the effective management of Cr-enriched farmland.

4.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether amide proton transfer-weighted imaging (APTWI) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) can be used to evaluate endometrial carcinoma (EC) in terms of clinical type, histological grade, subtype, and Ki-67 index. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with EC underwent pelvic DKI and APTWI. The non-Gaussian diffusion coefficient (Dapp), apparent kurtosis coefficient (Kapp), and magnetization transfer ratio asymmetry (MTRasym (3.5 ppm)) were calculated and compared based on the clinical type (type I, II), histological grade (high- and low-grade), and subtype (endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EA) and non-EA). Correlation coefficients were calculated for each parameter with histological grades and the Ki-67 index. RESULTS: The MTRasym (3.5 ppm) and Kapp values were higher in the type II group and high-grade group than in the type I and low-grade groups, respectively, while the Dapp values were lower in the type I and low-grade groups, respectively (all p < 0.05). The Kapp value was higher in the EA group than in the non-EA group (p = 0.022). The Kapp value was the only independent predictor for the histological grade of EA and the clinical type of EC. The AUC (DKI) was higher than the AUC (APTWI) in the identification of type I and II EC and high- and low-grade EA (Z = 2.042, 2.013, p = 0.041, 0.044), while in the identification of EA and non-EA, only the difference in Kapp was statistically significant. Moreover, the Kapp and MTRasym (3.5 ppm) values and Dapp values correlated positively and negatively, respectively, with histological grade (r = 0.759, 0.555, 0.624, and 0.462, all p < 0.05) and Ki-67 index (r = -0.704, -0.507, all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Both DKI- and APTWI-related parameters have potential as imaging markers in estimating the histological features of EC, while DKI shows better performance than APTWI in this study. KEY POINTS: • DKI and APTWI can be used to preliminarily evaluate the histological characteristics of endometrial carcinoma (EC). • The Kapp was the only independent predictor for the histological grade of EA and the clinical type of EC. • The Kapp, MTRasym (3.5 ppm), and Dapp correlated positively and negatively, respectively, with histological grade and Ki-67 index.

5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(6)2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803042

RESUMO

Automatic modulation classification (AMC) is playing an increasingly important role in spectrum monitoring and cognitive radio. As communication and electronic technologies develop, the electromagnetic environment becomes increasingly complex. The high background noise level and large dynamic input have become the key problems for AMC. This paper proposes a feature fusion scheme based on deep learning, which attempts to fuse features from different domains of the input signal to obtain a more stable and efficient representation of the signal modulation types. We consider the complementarity among features that can be used to suppress the influence of the background noise interference and large dynamic range of the received (intercepted) signals. Specifically, the time-series signals are transformed into the frequency domain by Fast Fourier transform (FFT) and Welch power spectrum analysis, followed by the convolutional neural network (CNN) and stacked auto-encoder (SAE), respectively, for detailed and stable frequency-domain feature representations. Considering the complementary information in the time domain, the instantaneous amplitude (phase) statistics and higher-order cumulants (HOC) are extracted as the statistical features for fusion. Based on the fused features, a probabilistic neural network (PNN) is designed for automatic modulation classification. The simulation results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed method. It is worth noting that the classification accuracy can reach 99.8% in the case when signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is 0 dB.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(16): e25433, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879674

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is the most common skin manifestation of lupus; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying DLE remain unknown. Therefore, we aimed to identify key differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in discoid lupus skin and investigate their potential pathways.To identify candidate genes involved in the occurrence and development of the disease, we downloaded the microarray datasets GSE52471 and GSE72535 from the Gene Expression Database (GEO). DEGs between discoid lupus skin and normal controls were selected using the GEO2R tool and Venn diagram software (http://bioinformatics.psb.ugent.be/webtools/Venn/). The Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID), Enrichr, and Cytoscape ClueGo were used to analyze the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome pathways and gene ontology. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) of these DEGs were further assessed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval Interacting Genes version 10.0.Seventy three DEGs were co-expressed in both datasets. DEGs were predominantly upregulated in receptor signaling pathways of the immune response. In the PPI network, 69 upregulated genes were selected. Furthermore, 4 genes (CXCL10, ISG15, IFIH1, and IRF7) were found to be significantly upregulated in the RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway, from analysis of Enrichr and Cytoscape ClueGo.The results of this study may provide new insights into the potential molecular mechanisms of DLE. However, further experimentation is required to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/genética , Quimiocina CXCL10/genética , Biologia Computacional , Citocinas/genética , Proteína DEAD-box 58/metabolismo , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fator Regulador 7 de Interferon/genética , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Discoide/patologia , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/imunologia , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Pele/imunologia , Pele/patologia , Software , Ubiquitinas/genética , Regulação para Cima/imunologia
7.
J Prof Nurs ; 37(2): 272-280, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33867080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The complexity of healthcare and concurrent advances in technology have promoted Interprofessional Education (IPE) in healthcare schools to prepare students to collaborate on interdisciplinary teams. Since 2016, healthcare curricula in Taiwan have incorporated IPE-based capstone courses to enhance creativity. To better understand the predictors of team creativity could help educators improve IPE and outcomes for nursing students and patients. PURPOSE: To determine whether nursing students' demographic characteristics, individual creativity, and perceived team interaction behaviors, team swift trust, team conflict, and team task interdependence may predict high perceived team creativity in IPE settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design included nursing students (N = 99) at a science and technology university in Taiwan. Data from self-report questionnaires included variables for demographic characteristics, individual creativity, and perceived team characteristics. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed predictors of high perceived team creativity. RESULTS: Nursing students who perceived high team creativity also perceived higher interaction behaviors and lower process conflict than those who perceived less creativity. Spontaneous communication and team task conflict predicted high perceived team creativity. CONCLUSIONS: Nursing educators could increase team creativity in IPE by encouraging spontaneous communication and constructive task-oriented conflict management. This may benefit patient outcomes in the future.

8.
Chemosphere ; 276: 130157, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714158

RESUMO

Microbial passivation remediation of heavy metal-contaminated farmland has attracted increasing attention. However, the molecular mechanism by which heavy metal-immobilizing bacteria inhibit the uptake of Cd and Pb by wheat is not clear. Herein, a heavy metal-immobilizing bacterium, Enterobacter bugandensis TJ6, was used to reveal its immobilization mechanisms of Cd and Pb and inhibition of Cd and Pb uptake by wheat using metabolomics and proteomics. Compared with the control, strain TJ6 significantly reduced (44.7%-56.6%) the Cd and Pb contents of wheat roots and leaves. Strain TJ6 reduced the Cd and Pb concentrations by adsorption, intracellular accumulation, and bioprecipitation in solution. Untargeted metabolomics showed that strain TJ6 produced indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), betaine, and arginine under Cd and Pb stress, significantly improving the resistance of strain TJ6 and wheat to Cd and Pb. Label-free proteomics showed that 143 proteins were upregulated and 61 proteins were downregulated in wheat roots in the presence of strain TJ6. The GO items of the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) involved in protein-DNA complexes, DNA packaging complexes, and peroxidase activity were enriched. In addition, the ability of wheat roots to synthesize abscisic acid and jasmonic acid was improved. In conclusion, strain TJ6 reduced Cd and Pb uptake in wheat through its own adsorption of Cd and Pb and regulation of wheat root DNA repair ability, plant hormone levels, and antioxidant activities. These results provide new insights and a theoretical basis for the application of heavy metal-immobilizing bacteria in safe wheat production.

9.
Magn Reson Med ; 86(2): 637-647, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768617

RESUMO

PURPOSE: (1) To investigate the effect of internal localized movement on 3DMR intracranial vessel wall imaging and (2) to develop a novel motion-compensation approach combining volumetric navigator (vNav) and self-gating (SG) to simultaneously compensate for bulk and localized movements. METHODS: A 3D variable-flip-angle turbo spin-echo (ie, SPACE) sequence was modified to incorporate vNav and SG modules. The SG signals from the center k-space line are acquired at the beginning of each TR to detect localized motion-affected TRs. The vNavs from low-resolution 3D EPI are acquired to identify bulk head motion. Fifteen healthy subjects and 3 stroke patients were recruited in this study. Overall image quality (0-poor to 4-excellent) and vessel wall sharpness were compared among the scenarios with and without bulk and/or localized motion and/or the proposed compensation strategies. RESULTS: Localized motion reduced wall sharpness, which was significantly mitigated by SG (ie, outer boundary of basilar artery: 0.68 ± 0.27 vs 0.86 ± 0.17; P = .037). When motion occurred, the overall image quality and vessel wall sharpness obtained with vNav-SG SPACE were significantly higher than those obtained with conventional SPACE (ie, basilarartery outer boundary sharpness: 0.73 ± 0.24 vs 0.94 ± 0.24; P = .033), yet comparable to those obtained in motion-free scans (ie, basilarartery outer boundary sharpness: 0.94 ± 0.24 vs 0.96 ± 0.31; P = .815). CONCLUSION: Localized movements can induce considerable artifacts in intracranial vessel wall imaging. The vNav-SG approach is capable of compensating for both bulk and localized motions.

10.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(6): 2559-2572, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33651129

RESUMO

Nitrate leaching is severe in greenhouse where excessive nitrogen is often applied to maintain high crop productivities. In this study, we investigated the effects of carbon amendment in the subsoil on nitrate leaching and the emission of greenhouse gases (CH4 and N2O) using a soil column experiment. Carbon amendment resulted in over 39% reduction in nitrate leaching and 25.3% to 60.6% increase of total N content in the subsoil zone as compared to non-amended control. Strikingly, the abundance of nirS, nosZ, and 16S rRNA were higher in the treatment than the corresponding controls while no significant effect was detected for nirK. Carbon amendment explained 14%, 10%, and 4% of the variation in the community of nosZ, nirS, and nirK, respectively. It also considerably (more than 7 times) enriched genera such as Anaerovorax, Pseudobacteroides, Magnetospirillum, Prolixibacter, Sporobacter, Ignavibacterium, Syntrophobacter, Oxobacter, Hydrogenispora, Desulfosporomusa, Mangrovibacterium, and Sporomusa, as revealed by the analysis of 16S rRNA amplicon. Network analysis further uncovered that carbon amendment enriched three microbial hubs which mainly consists of positively correlated nirS, nosZ, and anaerobic bacterial populations. In summary, carbon amendment in the subsoil mitigated nitrate leaching and increased the nitrogen pool by possible activation of denitrifying and anaerobic bacterial populations. KEY POINTS: • Carbon amendment in subsoil reduced NO3- leaching by over 39% under high N input. • Carbon amendment increased the total N in subsoil from 25.3% to 60.6%. • Carbon amendment enriched nirS- and nosZ-type denitrifying bacteria in subsoil.

11.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 173, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis (OP) is a metabolic bone disease due to the imbalance of osteogenesis and bone resorption, in which, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have a significant effect as the seed cells. Recent research has shown the function of Morusin on inhibiting osteoclast differentiation in vitro. However, whether Morusin can regulate the osteogenic differentiation in addition to the proliferation of BMSCs remains unclear. METHODS: BMSCs were isolated from 4-week-old Wistar rats and then treated with different concentrations of Morusin for 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The proliferation of BMSCs was detected by MTT assay. The effect of Morusin on osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was detected by RT-qPCR, Western blotting, ALP, and Alizarin Red staining. The effect of Morusin on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway was analyzed by RT-qPCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence. Finally, in the ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis model, the anti-osteoporosis activity of Morusin was determined by micro-CT, HE, and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The results showed the function of 2.5-10 µM Morusin in the promotion of the proliferation in addition to osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Moreover, it also has an impact in activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway via inhibition of ß-catenin phosphorylation as well as promotion of its nuclear translocation. Upon Dickkopf-related protein-1 (DKK-1, an inhibitor of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway) was added to the Morusin, Morusin had a decreased stimulatory osteogenic effect on BMSCs. Finally, in the rat OP model, we found that Morusin could also exert anti-osteoporosis activity in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates the ability of Morusin in the promotion of osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and also shows the potential of Morusin to be an agent for osteoporosis treatment.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6666453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688501

RESUMO

Background: A prediction model can be developed to predict the risk of cancer-related cognitive impairment in colorectal cancer patients after chemotherapy. Methods: A regression analysis was performed on 386 colorectal cancer patients who had undergone chemotherapy. Three prediction models (random forest, logistic regression, and support vector machine models) were constructed using collected clinical and pathological data of the patients. Calibration and ROC curves and C-indexes were used to evaluate the selected models. A decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to determine the clinical utility of the line graph. Results: Three prediction models including a random forest, a logistic regression, and a support vector machine were constructed. The logistic regression model had the strongest predictive power with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.799. Age, BMI, colostomy, complications, CRA, depression, diabetes, QLQ-C30 score, exercise, hypercholesterolemia, diet, marital status, education level, and pathological stage were included in the nomogram. The C-index (0.826) and calibration curve showed that the nomogram had good predictive ability and the DCA curves indicated that the model had strong clinical utility. Conclusions: A prediction model with good predictive ability and practical clinical value can be developed for predicting the risk of cognitive impairment in colorectal cancer after chemotherapy.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5217, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664410

RESUMO

Body image dissatisfaction (BID) is a negative evaluation of personal physical characteristics, including dissatisfaction with body shape, gender, sexual organs, appearance and so forth, and it plays an important role in growth and development. The second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) is recognized as a putative indicator of intra-uterine testosterone to estrogen ratio exposure, and it has been observed that higher levels of fetal testosterone exposure are associated with a lower 2D:4D. The present paper contributes to a better understanding of the biological underpinnings of BID by analyzing BID and the digit ratio (2D:4D). We found that the 2D:4D was positively related to appearance dissatisfaction in boys with first spermatorrhea, which means that low prenatal androgen exposure may increase boys' dissatisfaction with their appearance. In girls with breast development being lower than Tanner stage II, their 2D:4D was negatively related to their body shape dissatisfaction, which means that high prenatal androgen exposure may increase girls' dissatisfaction with their body shape. These results suggest that the prenatal androgen exposure level might play an important role in the body image dissatisfaction of the offspring.

14.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(3): e0009113, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735240

RESUMO

Bats can harbor zoonotic pathogens causing emerging infectious diseases, but their status as hosts for bacteria is limited. We aimed to investigate the distribution, prevalence and genetic diversity of Borrelia in bats and bat ticks in Hubei Province, China, which will give us a better understanding of the risk of Borrelia infection posed by bats and their ticks. During 2018-2020, 403 bats were captured from caves in Hubei Province, China, 2 bats were PCR-positive for Borrelia. Sequence analysis of rrs, flaB and glpQ genes of positive samples showed 99.55%-100% similarity to Candidatus Borrelia fainii, a novel human-pathogenic relapsing fever Borrelia species recently reported in Zambia, Africa and Eastern China, which was clustered together with relapsing fever Borrelia species traditionally reported only in the New World. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and pairwise genetic distances further confirmed the Borrelia species in the bats from Central China as Candidatus Borrelia fainii. No Borrelia DNA was detected in ticks collected from bats. The detection of this human-pathogenic relapsing fever Borrelia in bats suggests a wide distribution of this novel relapsing fever Borrelia species in China, which may pose a threat to public health in China.

15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6688708, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777321

RESUMO

As the most abundant marine carotenoid extracted from seaweeds, fucoxanthin (FUC) is considered to have excellent neuroprotective activity. However, the target of FUC for its neuroprotective properties remains largely unclear. Oxidative stress is one of the initiating factors causing neuronal cell loss and necrosis, and it is also an important inducement of Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, the neuroprotective effect of FUC was assessed using a 6-hydroxydopamine- (6-OHDA-) induced neurotoxicity model. FUC suppressed 6-OHDA-induced accumulation of intracellular ROS, the disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential, and cell apoptosis through the Nrf2-ARE pathway. Keap1 as a repressor of Nrf2 can regulate the activity of Nrf2. Here, the biolayer interferometry (BLI) assay demonstrated that FUC specifically targeted Keap1 and inhibited the interaction between Keap1 and Nrf2. FUC bound to the hydrophobic region of Keap1 pocket and formed hydrogen bonding interactions with Arg415 and Tyr525. Besides, it also dose-dependently upregulated the expressions of antioxidant enzymes, such as nicotinamide heme oxygenase-1, glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit, and glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit, in 6-OHDA-induced PC12 cells. In 6-OHDA-exposed zebrafish, FUC pretreatment significantly increased the total swimming distance of zebrafish larvae and improved the granular region of the brain tissue damage. These results suggested that FUC could protect the neuronal cells against 6-OHDA-induced injury via targeting Keap1.

16.
Zootaxa ; 4933(2): zootaxa.4933.2.8, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756801

RESUMO

A new species of the genus Tactusa Fibiger, 2010, T. motuoensis sp. n. is described from the Autonomous Region Xizang (Tibet), China. Key to the species of the genus Tactusa in China, based on the male genitalia is presented. Eight species of Tactusa referred for China.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Animais , China , Masculino
17.
Zootaxa ; 4938(1): zootaxa.4938.1.6, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756987

RESUMO

Six species of the genus Bellulia Fibiger, 2008: B. tenebrosa sp. n., B. clara sp. n., B. jiaxuanae sp. n., B. jiayiae sp. n., B. fuscis sp. n. and B. diannana sp. n. are described from China and Cambodia. Two species, Bellulia suffusa Fibiger, 2008 and B. basalia Fibiger, 2010 are reported for the first time from Cambodia. Keys for identifying species in the kareni, bella and suffusa species-groups and a complete checklist of the genus Bellulia are presented.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Animais , Camboja , China
18.
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 27: 100345, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640705

RESUMO

Synchronous malignant mesothelioma (MM) and lung carcinoma are extremely rare in patients without a history of asbestos exposure and poses tremendous difficulties in clinical management. We report a patient without asbestos exposure diagnosed with MM during EGFR-TKI treatment of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), who responded to first-line chemotherapy with pemetrexed plus carboplatin and failed to subsequent systemic therapy. Clinicians should be careful about the possibility of MM comorbidity in LUAD patients whose lesions respond differently to EGFR-TKI, even in those without a history of asbestos exposure.

19.
Ocul Surf ; 20: 115-129, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610743

RESUMO

Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) is a term used to describe the various toxicities associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) use. As this class of cancer immunotherapy grows, the diversity of documented irAEs also continues to expand. Ocular toxicities secondary to ICI use are relatively rare, with dry eye and uveitis as the most frequently reported ocular side effects. This article specifically investigates the relationship between ocular surface disease and ICI therapy through a review of the existing literature. Dry eye disease (DED), conjunctivitis, and keratitis were the most commonly reported irAEs affecting the ocular surface across the 29 studies reviewed. Keratoplasty graft rejection was also described in two case reports. Our review of eight clinical trials found the incidence of DED, the most common ocular surface irAE, to range from 1 to 4%. Nearly all cases of ocular surface irAEs were graded as mild or moderate in severity and were often self-limited or controlled with conservative treatment. Duration of checkpoint inhibitor use prior to onset of ocular surface side effects varied widely, ranging from days to months. Ocular surface toxicities associated with checkpoint immunotherapy appear to be under-reported and under-investigated. Further work remains to be done to investigate the full breadth of ocular surface pathologies and the molecular mechanisms by which these toxicities occur.

20.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 168, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognositc factors in patient with invasive cribriform carcinoma (ICC) of breast is still remain controversal. The study aims to establish a nomogram to predict the survival outcomes in patients with ICC based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: We retrieved SEER database for clinical data about patients including ICC and infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) from 2004 to 2015. Kaplan-Meier survival was used to compare the difference survival outcomes between ICC and IDC. ICC patients were randomly allocated to training cohort and validation cohort. A nomogram was built to predict individual patient's 3-year and 5-year survival status for ICC. The established TMN model and the newly established nomogram was further evaluated by the concordance index (C-index) and the decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Comparing the baseline clinical data between IDC and ICC, a significant of smaller tumor mass, less infiltrated lymph nodes, lower metastases rate, better tumor differentiation degree, higher proportion of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) positive and lower rate of chemotherapy and radiotherapy was found in ICC. Age at diagnosis, marriage status, tumor location, T stage, M stage, ER status, surgery were independent significant prognostic factors for the overall survival (OS). A significantly higher C-index was found in nomogram compared with established TNM model in validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of ICC patients is better than that of IDC patients. The nomogram is recommended for future patient with ICC to survival analysis.

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