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1.
Org Biomol Chem ; 22(15): 3068-3072, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546264

RESUMO

Allylphosphine oxide compounds are important building blocks with broad applications in organic synthesis and pharmaceutical science. Herein, we report an unprecedented palladium-catalyzed allylation of phosphine oxides with vinylethylene carbonates, producing various phosphorus allyl alcohols in excellent yields with high Z-selectivity. In addition, gram-scale synthesis and further functional group transformations demonstrate the practical utility of this synthetic method.

2.
Science ; 383(6682): eadj9198, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300992

RESUMO

Mapping single-neuron projections is essential for understanding brain-wide connectivity and diverse functions of the hippocampus (HIP). Here, we reconstructed 10,100 single-neuron projectomes of mouse HIP and classified 43 projectome subtypes with distinct projection patterns. The number of projection targets and axon-tip distribution depended on the soma location along HIP longitudinal and transverse axes. Many projectome subtypes were enriched in specific HIP subdomains defined by spatial transcriptomic profiles. Furthermore, we delineated comprehensive wiring diagrams for HIP neurons projecting exclusively within the HIP formation (HPF) and for those projecting to both intra- and extra-HPF targets. Bihemispheric projecting neurons generally projected to one pair of homologous targets with ipsilateral preference. These organization principles of single-neuron projectomes provide a structural basis for understanding the function of HIP neurons.


Assuntos
Axônios , Mapeamento Encefálico , Hipocampo , Neurônios , Animais , Camundongos , Axônios/fisiologia , Axônios/ultraestrutura , Hipocampo/ultraestrutura , Neurônios/classificação , Neurônios/ultraestrutura , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Rede Nervosa , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 239: 115881, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38101242

RESUMO

A chiral UPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated to determine oxiracetam enantiomers in human plasma, urine, and feces. The R-Oxiracetam and S-Oxiracetam were quantified using a CHIRALPAK ®AD3 column at 25 â„ƒ, and the resolution was greater than 3.2. The S-Oxiracetam is the eutomer that isresponsible for the treatment of various brain damage. Isocratic elution was conducted at a flow rate of 0.9 mL/min for 6 min using the mixture of methanol and acetonitrile (methanol:acetonitrile, 15:85) containing 0.3‰ formic acid. The methods showed linearity at the range of 0.5-100 µg/mL for each oxiracetam enantiomer. A comprehensive validation process was carried out, covering aspects including linearity, selectivity, carryover, accuracy, precision, interferences, matrix effect, recovery, dilution integrity and stability in matrix and solution. The validated methods were successfully applied to quantifying R-Oxiracetam and S-Oxiracetam in human plasma, urine, and feces of 12 healthy subjects treated with either a single dose of 2 g S-Oxiracetam injection or 4 g Oxiracetam injection in a phase-I clinical trial. There was no significant difference for plasma pharmacokinetic parameters of S-Oxiracetam between the two regimens (P>0.05). The S-Oxiracetam and Oxiracetam were primarily eliminated through urine in their original form, with cumulative excretion rates of 92.16% and 85.92%, respectively, within 24 h after administration. Enantiomers interconversion was not observed in the plasma, urine, or feces. The results of this study suggest that replacing 4 g Oxiracetam injection with 2 g S-Oxiracetam injection could offer clinical benefits by lowering the dosage and mitigating potential risks, based on the pharmacokinetic characteristics.


Assuntos
60705 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Humanos , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Metanol , Fezes , Acetonitrilas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 34(11): 1151-1175, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37548090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This paper addressed two focused questions: Focused question 1 (Q1) "what is the clinical efficacy of transcrestal sinus floor augmentation (TSFA), as compared to lateral sinus floor augmentation (LSFA) in sites with residual bone height (RBH) ≤6 mm, in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs)?"; Focused question 2 (Q2) "what is the estimated effectiveness of TSFA for outcomes in Q1, in RCTs, CCTs or cohort studies?" MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search (PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and hand search were conducted from January 1986 until December 2022. All eligible clinical studies expressly reporting TSFA in sites with RBH ≤6 mm were included. The data were extracted, and the risk of bias in individual studies was evaluated. Meta-analysis was performed whenever possible. RESULTS: Seven RCTs were included for Q1 and 25 studies (9 RCTs, 2 CCTs, 14 single arm cohort studies) for Q2. Q1: Meta-analysis did not show significant difference in the implant survival, sinus membrane perforation and marginal bone loss between TSFA and LSFA groups. Q2: Meta-analysis showed TSFA had a high implant survival rate (96.5%, 95% CI: 93.2%-98.9%) at least 1 year after surgery, and limited sinus membrane perforation (5.4%, 95% CI: 2.7%-8.8%). The results also presented higher patient satisfaction for TSFA. CONCLUSION: With the limitations of the present study (high risk of bias in individual studies), it can be concluded that there was no significant difference in implant survival, Schneiderian membrane perforation and MBL between two approaches in sites with RBH ≤6 mm.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Humanos , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar/métodos , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Implantação Dentária Endóssea
5.
ACS Synth Biol ; 12(4): 1146-1153, 2023 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37014059

RESUMO

The metabolic burden caused by terpenoid accumulation limits the development of highly efficient microbial cell factories, which can be circumvented using exporter-mediated product secretion. Although our previous study showed that the pleiotropic drug resistance exporter (PDR11) mediates the export of rubusoside in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Herein, we used GROMACS software to simulate PDR11-mediated rubusoside recruitment and found six residues (D116, D167, Y168, P521, R663, and L1146) on PDR11 that are critical for this process. We also explored the exportation potential of PDR11 for 39 terpenoids by calculating their binding affinity using batch molecular docking. Then, we verified the accuracy of the predicted results by conducting experiments with squalene, lycopene, and ß-carotene as examples. We found that PDR11 can efficiently secrete terpenoids with binding affinities lower than -9.0 kcal/mol. Combining the computer-based prediction and experimental verification, we proved that binding affinity is a reliable parameter to screen exporter substrates and might potentially enable rapid screening of exporters for natural products in microbial cell factories.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Terpenos/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
6.
Drug Metab Dispos ; 51(6): 771-781, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36863865

RESUMO

Icaritin (ICT) is a prenylflavonoid derivative that has been approved by National Medical Products Administration for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aims to evaluate the potential inhibitory effect of ICT against cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and to elucidate the inactivation mechanisms. Results showed that ICT inactivated CYP2C9 in a time-, concentration-, and NADPH-dependent manner with Ki = 1.896 µM, Kinact = 0.02298 minutes-1, and Kinact/Ki = 12 minutes-1 mM-1, whereas the activities of other CYP isozymes was minimally affected. Additionally, the presence of CYP2C9 competitive inhibitor, sulfaphenazole, superoxide dismutase/catalase system, and GSH all protected CYP2C9 from ICT-induced activity loss. Moreover, the activity loss was neither recovered by washing the ICT-CYP2C9 preincubation mixture nor the addition of potassium ferricyanide. These results, collectively, implied the underlying inactivation mechanism involved the covalent binding of ICT to the apoprotein and/or the prosthetic heme of CYP2C9. Furthermore, an ICT-quinone methide (QM)-derived GSH adduct was identified, and human glutathione S-transferases (GST) isozymes GSTA1-1, GSTM1-1, and GSTP1-1 were shown to be substantially involved in the detoxification of ICT-QM. Interestingly, our systematic molecular modeling work predicted that ICT-QM was covalently bound to C216, a cysteine residue located in the F-G loop downstream of substrate recognition site (SRS) 2 in CYP2C9. The sequential molecular dynamics simulation confirmed the binding to C216 induced a conformational change in the active catalytic center of CYP2C9. Lastly, the potential risks of clinical drug-drug interactions triggered by ICT as a perpetrator were extrapolated. In summary, this work confirmed that ICT was an inactivator of CYP2C9. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: This study is the first to report the time-dependent inhibition of CYP2C9 by icaritin (ICT) and the intrinsic molecular mechanism behind it. Experimental data indicated that the inactivation was via irreversible covalent binding of ICT-quinone methide to CYP2C9, while molecular modeling analysis provided additional evidence by predicting C216 as the key binding site which influenced the structural confirmation of CYP2C9's catalytic center. These findings suggest the potential of drug-drug interactions when ICT is co-administered with CYP2C9 substrates clinically.


Assuntos
Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450 , Isoenzimas , Humanos , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9 , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo
7.
Drug Chem Toxicol ; 46(2): 392-399, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253568

RESUMO

This study evaluated the subacute toxicity and toxicokinetics of a potential anti-cancer drug candidate, pterostilbene, in rats. Animals were orally administered at two repeated doses of 200 and 500 mg/kg for 28 days. No mortality was observed during the 28 days of continuous administration of pterostilbene. Body weight and food consumption in each group increased steadily, while no significant difference was found. Liver weight in the 500 mg/kg female, but not male group increased with mild cytoplasmic vacuoles observed in histopathological study. Toxicokinetics was assessed by measuring plasma concentrations of pterostilbene on the first and 28th day of administration using UPLC-MS/MS. Toxicokinetic parameters showed that AUC0-t significantly increased in all animals, while the increase in females was greater than males. System exposure of pterostilbene appeared to be linear within the administrated dose range. In conclusion, our findings suggested a minimal subacute toxicity profile of pterostilbene, which could strongly support further development of this compound as a novel anti-cancer agent.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Masculino , Ratos , Feminino , Animais , Toxicocinética , Cromatografia Líquida
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(1): 331-346, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36538288

RESUMO

Pterostilbene (PTE), a dietary derivative of resveratrol, displayed pleiotropic health-promoting activities. This study aimed to explore the metabolic profiles and species differences of the phase I metabolism of PTE and to investigate subsequent detoxification after PTE bioactivation. PTE was found to be biotransformed to two pharmacologically active metabolites, pinostilbene and 3'-hydroxypterostilbene, in vivo and in vitro with substantial species differences. Human CYP1A2 was proved to be mainly responsible for the demethylation and 3'-hydroxylation of PTE, with its contribution to a demethylation of 94.5% and to a 3'-hydroxylation of 97.9%. An in vitro glutathione trapping experiment revealed the presence of an ortho-quinone intermediate formed by further oxidation of 3'-hydroxypterostilbene. Human glutathione S-transferase isoforms A2, T1, and A1 inactivated the ortho-quinone intermediate by catalyzing glutathione conjugation, implicating a potential protective pathway against PTE bioactivation-derived toxicity. Overall, this study provided a comprehensive view of PTE phase I metabolism and facilitated its further development as a promising nutraceutical.


Assuntos
Isoenzimas , Quinonas , Humanos , Resveratrol , Especificidade da Espécie , Glutationa/metabolismo
9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1042964, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439447

RESUMO

The incidence of breast cancer in women has surpassed that of lung cancer as the world's leading new cancer case. Regular screening and measures become an effective way to prevent breast cancer and also provide a good foundation for later treatment. Women should receive regular checkups in the hospital after reaching a certain age. The use of computer-aided technology can improve the accuracy and efficiency of physicians' decision-making. Data pre-processing is required before data analysis, and 16 features are selected using a correlation-based feature selection method. In this paper, meta-learning and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) are combined to create a hybrid algorithm. The proposed hybrid algorithm for predicting breast cancer was attempted to achieve 98.74% accuracy and 98.02% F1-score by creating a combination of various meta-learning models whose output was used as input features for creating ANN models. Therefore, the hybrid algorithm proposed in this paper can obtain better prediction results than a single model.

10.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7349001, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845895

RESUMO

Dust pollution in construction sites is an invisible hazard that is often ignored as a nuisance. Regulatory and engineering control methods are predominantly used for its mitigation. To control dust, dust-generating activities and their magnitudes need to be established. While researchers have comprehensively studied dust emissions of construction work, prediction of dust concentrations based on work phases and climatic conditions is still lacking. To overcome the above knowledge gap, this article selected two construction stages of a project to monitor dust generation using the HXF-35 dust sampler. Based on the collected data, dust emission characteristics of these two stages are studied, and dust emission characteristics under multiple pollution sources are analyzed. Based on the results, a BP neural network model is built to perform simulations of dust emission concentrations in different work areas and predict construction dust concentrations under different conditions. Except few, the majority of the work areas monitored have exceeded the allowable upper limit of TSP concentration stipulated by relevant standards. In addition, dust emission differences of work areas are pronounced. The results verified that the BP neural network dust concentration prediction model is feasible to be used to predict dust concentration changes in different work faces under different climate conditions and to provide a scientific base for pollution control. This study provides several practical solutions where the prediction of dust concentrations at designated work areas will allow construction companies early warning to implement mitigation measures before it becomes a serious health hazard. In addition, it provides an opportunity to re-evaluate those hazardous work in the light of these revelations. The outcome of this study is both original and useful for both construction companies and regulatory agencies. It can better predict the concentration of construction dust in different operating areas and different weather conditions and provide a guide for the prevention and control of construction dust.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3040, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35650215

RESUMO

High-sugar diet causes health problems, many of which can be addressed with the use of sugar substitutes. Rubusoside and rebaudiosides are interesting molecules, considered the next generation of sugar substitutes due to their low-calorie, superior sweetness and organoleptic properties. However, their low abundance in nature makes the traditional plant extraction process neither economical nor environmental-friendly. Here we engineer baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a chassis for the de novo production of rubusoside and rebaudiosides. In this process, we identify multiple issues that limit the production, including rate-liming steps, product stress on cellular fitness and unbalanced metabolic networks. We carry out a systematic engineering strategy to solve these issues, which produces rubusoside and rebaudiosides at titers of 1368.6 mg/L and 132.7 mg/L, respectively. The rubusoside chassis strain here constructed paves the way towards a sustainable, large-scale fermentation-based manufacturing of diverse rebaudiosides.


Assuntos
Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Engenharia Metabólica , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Edulcorantes
12.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 4091978, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35607442

RESUMO

Purpose: Skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM) is one of the most malignant and aggressive cancers with poor prognosis due to its rapid progression towards metastasis. Thus, finding clinically relevant biomarkers for early diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy prediction is essential. This study focused on the identification of SLC25A13 as a novel biomarker for SKCM and is aimed at investigating the biological functions of solute carrier family 25 member 13 (SLC25A13) in the development of SKCM. Methods: GEPIA was used to analyze the diagnostic and prognostic values of SLC25A13 in SKCM using the TCGA dataset. PrognoScan was used to validate the prognostic value of SLC25A13 and its coexpressed genes in SKCM. TISIDB was established to reveal the relationship between the expression of SLC25A13 and immune infiltration in SKCM. The protein expression of SLC25A13 in SKCM was evaluated by the Human Protein Atlas. The signaling pathways and biological functions of SLC25A13 in SKCM were analyzed by LinkOmics. Metascape was applied to analyze the functional enrichment analysis of SLC25A13. Protein-protein interaction analysis of SLC25A13 was performed by GeneMANIA. Results: The mRNA and protein levels of SLC25A13 in the SKCM were much higher than those in the normal tissue. Furthermore, the overexpression of SLC25A13 predicts worse outcomes of SKCM patients. Moreover, the SLC25A13 expression was negatively correlated with the immune infiltration level of SKCM. The overexpression of SLC25A13 coexpressed genes, such as ACLY and AFG3L2, and SCL25A13 interacting genes also predicted the unfavorable prognosis of SKCM patients. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis of SLC25A13 coexpressed genes showed that these genes are enriched in ATPase activity, cell cycle, mTOR, and VEGFA-VEGFR2 signaling pathways, which were relevant to tumor development and angiogenesis. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) demonstrated that the SLC25A13 expression was related to infiltrating immune cells in SKCM. Conclusion: Our findings revealed that SLC25A13 might be a potential prognostic and therapeutic biomarker for SKCM.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Proteases Dependentes de ATP/metabolismo , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/metabolismo , Melanoma/patologia , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
13.
FASEB J ; 36(2): e22161, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35061300

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies suggested that PM2.5 (particle matters with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm) exposure is associated with atherosclerosis. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are messengers between intracellular communications which are important in diseases procession. At present, whether EVs derived from PM2.5-exposed alveolar epithelial cells (P-EVs) involve in atherosclerosis has not been clearly understood. This study is performed to investigate the effects of P-EVs on the development of endothelium adhesion and atherosclerosis. Here, ApoE-/- mice were randomized into different groups receiving one of the following treatments, filtered air (FA), PM2.5, PBS, PBS-treated alveolar epithelial cells-derived EVs (EVs), or P-EVs. Then the atherosclerosis level in aortas or aorta sections was evaluated by oil red O staining. The results indicated that ApoE-/- mice treated with P-EVs or PM2.5 showed more obvious atherosclerosis plaques in aortas and aortic arches than those treated with EVs or PBS. Endothelial cells (ECs) were treated with PBS, EVs, P-EVs, or PM2.5. The adhesion property, miRNAs level and expressions of IκBα, phosphorylated IκBα, NF-κB p65, phosphorylated NF-κB p65, and VCAM1 in ECs were determined. It was found that P-EVs activated IκBα-NF-κB-VCAM1 signaling and increased adhesion of ECs, and such effects could be reversed by adalimumab (the TNF-α inhibitor) or miR-326-3p inhibitor. Further study suggested that P-EVs induced upregulation of TNF-α and miR-326-3p in recipient ECs and contributed to the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65. Collectively, EVs derived from PM2.5-exposed alveolar epithelial cells played an important role in the development of atherosclerosis via activating IκBα-NF-κB-VCAM1 signaling.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio/patologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/patologia , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/fisiologia , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Endotélio/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(16)2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439157

RESUMO

Topoisomerase 1 (Top1) inhibitor is an effective anticancer drug, but several factors limit its clinical application such as drug inactivation, tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (Tdp1)-mediated tumor drug resistance, and its toxicity. Our previous study identified pterostilbene (PTE) and resveratrol (RE) to suppress these two proteins by binding to their active center. PTE and RE could inhibit the proliferation of various colorectal cancer cells, induce cell apoptosis, and make cell cycle stay in G2/M phase in vitro. PTE and RE could decrease Top1 and Tdp1 contents and mRNA expression in wild-type, constructed Tdp1 overexpressing CL187, Top1- or Tdp1- silenced CL187 cell lines. PTE exhibited excellent antitumor activity in subcutaneous CL187 transplantation model (TGI = 79.14 ± 2.85%, 200 mg/kg, i.p.) and orthotopic transplantation model (TGI = 76.57 ± 6.34%, 100 mg/kg, i.p.; TGI = 72.79 ± 4.06%, 500 mg/kg, i.g.) without significant toxicity. PTE had no significant inhibitory effect on non-tumor cell proliferation in vitro and would not induce damage to liver, kidney, and other major organs. Overall, PTE and RE can inhibit the activity of Top1 enzyme and inhibit the DNA damage repair pathway mediated by Top1/Tdp1, and can effectively inhibit colorectal cancer development with low toxicity, thus they have great potential to be developed into a new generation of anti-tumor drugs.

15.
Toxicology ; 447: 152627, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161053

RESUMO

PM2.5 exposure elevates the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the lungs and leads to lung injury or other pulmonary conditions. Nrf2 is a key antioxidative regulator that suppresses ROS production. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) have been identified as therapeutic as well as potential drug/gene/protein carriers. In this study, we established rat (PM2.5, 100 µL, 5 mg/mL) or cell (PM2.5, 50 µg/mL) models to conduct in vivo and in vitro studies on the adverse pulmonary effects of PM2.5. Our findings indicated that the initial responses to PM2.5 exposure were robust oxidative stress and inflammation. EVs and antioxidative EVs (Antioxi-EVs, derived from ADSCs that overexpress Nrf2) had been tested as interventions in PM2.5-treated rat or cell models through tracheal instillation or co-incubation. Treatment with EVs or Antioxi-EVs (3 × 1010 particles in vivo and 1 × 109in vitro) was found to have a suppressive effect on the levels of ROS and inflammatory cytokines, with Antioxi-EVs having a superior effect on anti-oxidative stress. In particular, the occurrence of lung injury or cell apoptosis correlated positively with the ROS level, and inhibition of ROS by upregulating Nrf2 alleviated lung injury and cell apoptosis. Furthermore, treatment with EVs or Antioxi-EVs increased the level of M2-like macrophages as compared to treatment with PBS and further reduced IL-6 and TNF-α levels. Our results suggest that Antioxi-EVs can reduce the severity of oxidative stress, inflammation, and lung injury induced by PM2.5via anti-oxidative stress and immunomodulation pathways.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Vesículas Extracelulares/transplante , Imunomodulação/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/terapia , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Animais , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
16.
Am J Transl Res ; 12(7): 4009-4016, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774754

RESUMO

The clinical application of the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has been problematic because of conflicting results obtained from the LAMP assay and bacterial culture. In order to eliminate the interference of oral microorganisms and more accurately evaluate the diagnostic performance of the LAMP assay, we utilized bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) as a sample to test whether the LAMP assay and bacteria culture yielded similar results. A total of 1092 BALF samples from patients with suspected lower respiratory tract infections were collected. For each sample, parallel studies using both bacterial culture and the LAMP assay were carried out. We were the first to utilize BALF as a sample to study the consistency between the LAMP assay and bacterial culture results. The present study demonstrated that the positive rate from the LAMP assay was higher than that from bacterial culture, and the two methods had a better consistency than previously reported.

17.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 161, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by loss of lung epithelial cells and inexorable progression of fibrosis with no effective and approved treatments. The distal airway stem/progenitor cells (DASCs) have been shown to have potent regenerative capacity after lung injury. In this work, we aimed to define the role of mouse DASCs (mDASCs) in response to bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in mice. METHODS: The mDASCs were isolated, expanded in vitro, and labeled with GFP by lentiviral infection. The labeled mDASCs were intratracheally instilled into bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mice on day 7. Pathological change, collagen content, α-SMA expression, lung function, and mortality rate were assessed at 7, 14, and 21 days after bleomycin administration. Tissue section and direct fluorescence staining was used to show the distribution and differentiation of mDASCs in lung. RESULTS: The transplanted mDASCs could incorporate, proliferate, and differentiate into type I pneumocytes in bleomycin-injured lung. They also inhibited fibrogenesis by attenuating the deposition of collagen and expression of α-SMA. In addition, mDASCs improved pulmonary function and reduce mortality in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mice. CONCLUSIONS: The data strongly suggest that mDASCs could ameliorate bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by promotion of lung regeneration and inhibition of lung fibrogenesis.


Assuntos
Bleomicina/toxicidade , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/terapia , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/terapia , Células-Tronco/fisiologia , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Hidroxiprolina/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/citologia
18.
Anal Chem ; 90(23): 13915-13921, 2018 12 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30395442

RESUMO

Microfluidics has become recognized as a powerful platform technology associated with a constantly increasing array of applications across the life sciences. This surge of interest over recent years has led to an increased demand for microfluidic chips, resulting in more time being spent in the cleanroom fabricating devices using soft lithography-a slow and expensive process that requires extensive materials, training and significant engineering resources. This bottleneck limits platform complexity as a byproduct of lengthy delays between device iterations and affects the time spent developing the final application. To address this problem, we report a new, rapid, and economical approach to microfluidic device fabrication using dry resist films to laminate laser cut sheets of acrylic. We term our method laser lithography and show that our technique can be used to engineer 200 µm width channels for assembling droplet generators capable of generating monodisperse water droplets in oil and micromixers designed to sustain chemical reactions. Our devices offer high transparency, negligible device to device variation, and low X-ray background scattering, demonstrating their suitability for real-time X-ray-based characterization applications. Our approach also requires minimal materials and apparatus, is cleanroom free, and at a cost of around $1.00 per chip could significantly democratize device fabrication, thereby increasing the interdisciplinary accessibility of microfluidics.

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