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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(3): 608-617, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380901

RESUMO

Glial cells play an important role in signal transduction, energy metabolism, extracellular ion homeostasis and neuroprotection of the central nervous system. However, few studies have explained the potential effects of exosomes from glial cells on central nervous system health and disease. In this study, the genes expressed in exosomes from astrocytes and microglia were identified by deep RNA sequencing. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis indicated that several pathways in these exosomes are responsible for promoting neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease. Gene ontology analysis showed that extracellular exosome, mitochondrion and growth factor activity were enriched in exosomes from the unique astrocyte group, while extracellular exosome and mitochondrion were enriched in exosomes from the unique microglia group. Next, combined with the screening of hub genes, the protein-protein interaction network analysis showed that exosomes from astrocytes influence neurodegenerative diseases through metabolic balance and ubiquitin-dependent protein balance, whereas exosomes from microglia influence neurodegenerative diseases through immune inflammation and oxidative stress. Although there were differences in RNA expression between exosomes from astrocytes and microglia, the groups were related by the hub genes, ubiquitin B and heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 8. Ubiquitin B appeared to be involved in pleiotropic regulatory functions, including immune regulation, inflammation inhibition, protein catabolism, intracellular protein transport, exosomes and oxidative stress. The results revealed the clinical significance of exosomes from glia in neurodegenerative diseases. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Nantong University, China (approval No. S20180102-152) on January 2, 2018.

2.
Stem Cells Int ; 2021: 5595580, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721591

RESUMO

Alveolar bone remodeling under orthodontic force is achieved by periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), which are sensitive to mechanical loading. How to regulate functions of PDLSCs is a key issue in bone remodeling during orthodontic tooth movement. This study is aimed at investigating the roles of lncRNA Hedgehog-interacting protein antisense RNA 1 (HHIP-AS1) in the functional regulation of PDLSCs. First, HHIP-AS1 expression was downregulated in PDLSCs under continuous compressive pressure. Then, we found that the alkaline phosphatase activity, in vitro mineralization, and expression levels of bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, and osterix were increased in PDLSCs by HHIP-AS1. The results of scratch migration and transwell chemotaxis assays revealed that HHIP-AS1 inhibited the migration and chemotaxis abilities of PDLSCs. In addition, the RNA sequencing data showed that 356 mRNAs and 14 lncRNAs were upregulated, including receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 and nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1, while 185 mRNAs and 6 lncRNAs were downregulated, including fibroblast growth factor 5 and LINC00973, in HHIP-AS1-depleted PDLSCs. Bioinformatic analysis revealed several biological processes and signaling pathways related to HHIP-AS1 functions, including the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and JAK-STAT signaling pathway. In conclusion, our findings indicated that HHIP-AS1 was downregulated in PDLSCs under compressive pressure, and it promoted the osteogenic differentiation potential and inhibited the migration and chemotaxis abilities of PDLSCs. Thus, HHIP-AS1 may be a potential target for accelerating tooth movement during orthodontic treatment.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6378, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737290

RESUMO

Supramolecular tessellation has gained increasing interest in supramolecular chemistry for its structural aesthetics and potential applications in optics, magnetics and catalysis. In this work, a new kind of supramolecular tessellations (STs) have been fabricated by the exo-wall interactions of pagoda[4]arene (P4). ST with rhombic tiling pattern was first constructed by P4 itself through favorable π···π interactions between anthracene units of adjacent P4. Notably, various highly ordered STs with different tiling patterns have been fabricated based on exo-wall charge transfer interactions between electron-rich P4 and electron-deficient guests including 1,4-dinitrobenzene, terephthalonitrile and tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile. Interestingly, solvent modulation and guest selection played a crucial role in controlling the molecular arrangements in the co-crystal superstructures. This work not only proves that P4 is an excellent macrocyclic building block for the fabrication of various STs, but also provides a new perspective and opportunity for the design and construction of supramolecular two-dimensional organic materials.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; : e2100741, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786854

RESUMO

Three new hydroxyphenylacetic acid derivatives, stachylines E-G (1-3), and a new alkaloid, mortieridinone (4), along with six known compounds (5-10), were isolated from endophytic fungus Mortierella sp. in Epimedium acuminatum Franch. Their structures were determined by their spectroscopic analyses and by comparison with the literature data. Compounds 7 and 10 showed selective antibacterial activity against tested multidrug-resistant bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging from 25 to 3.13 µg/mL.

5.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 12(22): 4209-4223, 2021 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723463

RESUMO

The neuroimaging method of multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can identify the changes in brain structure and function caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD) at different stages, and it is a practical method to study the mechanism of AD progression. This paper reviews the studies of methods and biomarkers for predicting AD progression based on multimodal MRI. First, different approaches for predicting AD progression are analyzed and summarized, including machine learning, deep learning, regression, and other MRI analysis methods. Then, the effective biomarkers of AD progression under structural magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and arterial spin labeling modes of MRI are summarized. It is believed that the brain changes shown on MRI may be related to the cognitive decline in different prodrome stages of AD, which is conducive to the further realization of early intervention and prevention of AD. Finally, the deficiencies of the existing studies are analyzed in terms of data set size, data heterogeneity, processing methods, and research depth. More importantly, future research directions are proposed, including enriching data sets, simplifying biomarkers, utilizing multimodal magnetic resonance, etc. In the future, the study of AD progression by multimodal MRI will still be a challenge but also a significant research hotspot.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem
6.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 54: 101987, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768042

RESUMO

In kinship tests, the investigating of the forensic STRs usually provides decisive information to resolve relationship cases. We describe a parentage case with 3 genetic incompatibilities (D6S1043, D18S51 and D2S1338) between the child and alleged parent. With 90 STR loci and 100 SNP loci, the massively parallel sequencing (MPS)-based genotyping results support the certainty of parentage, and the mismatched alleles were considered to be mutations. MPS can provide additional allele sequence structures that can be used to infer the origins of the mutations. SNPs as supplementary markers can provide effective information to give an unequivocal statement of the parentage.

7.
Talanta ; 238(Pt 2): 123070, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808565

RESUMO

Molecularly imprinted polymers endowed with photo-luminescent properties have attracted wide research interest in many fields such as biological analysis and diseases diagnosis. Herein, we illustrate a versatile method for the construction of surface protein-imprinted nanoparticles based on metal coordination and anchored carbon dots (CDs) for enhanced fluorescence detection of the target protein. As the fluorescent nanosupports for surface imprinting, CDs-attached SiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized via thiol-ene click chemistry. With histidine (His)-exposed protein as templates, imprinted nanoshells were formed over the nanosupports via copolymerization of a Cu2+-chelating monomer and an oligo (ethylene glycol) monomer, hence producing high-quality imprinted cavities because of both the relatively strong coordination and inhibited non-specific binding. Using lysozyme as a model His-exposed template, the imprinted nanoparticles showed fluorescence enhancement while binding the target protein, and exhibited significantly increased specific fluorescence response than the controls without the metal coordination. They achieved a high imprinting factor of 5.8 and a low limit of detection of 10.1 nM. Furthermore, such sensors were applied to determine lysozyme in diluted chicken egg-white samples with satisfactory recoveries at three spiking levels ranging from 97.9 to 101.4%. Human serum albumin was also used as another template protein for preliminary confirming the generality of the presented strategy.

8.
Plant J ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750914

RESUMO

The translocation of photosynthate carbohydrates, such as sucrose, is critical for plant growth and crop yield. Previous studies have revealed that sugar transporters, plasmodesmata and sieve plates act as important controllers in sucrose loading into and unloading from phloem in the vascular system. However, other pivotal steps for the regulation of sucrose movement remain largely elusive. In this study, characterization of two starch excesses in mesophyll (sem) mutants and dye and sucrose export assays were performed to provide insights into the regulatory networks that drive source-sink relations in rice. Map-based cloning identified two allelic mutations in a gene encoding a GLUCAN SYNTHASE-LIKE (GSL) protein, thus indicating a role for SEM1 in callose biosynthesis. Subcellular localization in rice showed that SEM1 localized to the plasma membrane. In situ expression analysis and GUS staining showed that SEM1 was mainly expressed in vascular phloem cells. Reduced sucrose transport was found in the sem1-1/1-2 mutant, which led to excessive starch accumulation in source leaves and inhibited photosynthesis. Paraffin section and transmission electron microscopy experiments revealed that less-developed vascular cells (VCs) in sem1-1/1-2 potentially disturbed sugar movement. Moreover, dye and sugar trafficking experiments revealed that aberrant VC development was the main reason for the pleiotropic phenotype of sem1-1/1-2. In total, efficient sucrose loading into the phloem benefits from an optional number of VCs with a large vacuole that could act as a buffer holding tank for sucrose passing from the vascular bundle sheath.

9.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 394, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bending rod is a routine in lumbar fusion and fixation surgery, but there is no study investigating whether bending rod in one level is necessary. METHODS: Patients receiving 1 level lumbar fixation and fusion between May 2018 and September 2020 were included with a minimum 6-month follow-up. The routine of bending rod was omitted during fixation. Preoperative and postoperative radiological parameters were compared. RESULTS: There were 67 patients included in the study. Segment lordosis angle increased obviously from 10° (1-39°) to 14° (2-30°) immediately after operation (p = 0.000). T5-T12 increased from 22.97 ± 12.31° to 25.52 ± 11.83° by the 3rd months after surgery (p = 0.011). SS decreased from 35.45 ± 10.47 to 32.19 ± 11.37 in 6-month follow-up (p = 0.038), and PI dropped from 56.97 ± 14.24 to 53.19 ± 12.84 (p = 0.016). ROM of SLA decreased from 4.13 ± 3.14° to 1.93 ± 1.87° at that time point (p = 0.028). Those changes were not seen at 12-month follow-up. No evidence of adjacent vertebral disc degeneration was observed at any time point. CONCLUSIONS: No sagittal imbalance, dynamic instability or adjacent vertebral degeneration was observed by the 12th month after single-segment posterior lumbar fusion with the use of unbent rods. Bending rod could be omitted in 1-level lumbar fusion to simplify the procedure and reduce operating time.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Lordose , Fusão Vertebral , Animais , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Lordose/diagnóstico por imagem , Lordose/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(45): e27812, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766592

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is characterized by transient and reversible left ventricular systolic dysfunction, which are often associated with acute physical or emotional stressors. Cancer is one of the comorbidities in TTS, and TTS is even considered as a paraneoplastic syndrome, but its mechanism remains unclear. We report a patient in whom cancer and untreated mental disorders triggered TTS. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old man was transferred to the Department of Cardiology because of acute onset of severe chest pain and dyspnea before cystoscopy. He presented with hematuria, had been diagnosed with a high-grade urothelial bladder cancer, and underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumors 4 months previously. He had severe anxiety regarding recurrence and death from cancer, especially after the hematuria recurred. DIAGNOSIS: TTS and severe anxiety. INTERVENTIONS: The results of coronary angiography, a left ventriculogram, echocardiography, and the clinical outcome led to the diagnosis of TTS. The patient was treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support, mechanical ventilation, and drugs for heart failure and anxiety. OUTCOMES: Echocardiography showed normal wall motion on day 6 of symptom onset. Six months after symptom onset, the anxiety score was reduced from 12 to 11, and the patient had no episodes of any discomfort, and no evidence of cancer recurrence was observed. LESSONS: Patients with cancer and TTS have a higher level of stress, and physicians need to pay more attention to early screening and early treatment of mental disorders in these patients. Prompt and effective multidisciplinary treatment, including psychological counseling and antianxiety drugs, can improve the prognosis in such cases.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 114834, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801609

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Semen Cuscutae, called Tu-si-zi in Chinese, is a kind of dried mature seed in the Convolvulaceae family. It mainly distributes in China, Korea, Pakistan, Vietnam, India and Thailand. It is used as a kidney-tonifying drug for treatment of aging related diseases such as osteoporosis in traditional Chinese medicine. However, the exact mechanisms on bone resorption are poorly studied. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effect of Semen Cuscutae on ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporosis in mice and clarify the exact mechanisms by which Semen Cuscutae exert the anti-osteoporosis effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative analyses of Semen Cuscutae were performed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and HPLC-MS/MS, respectively. Changes in bone mineral density (BMD) induced by OVX in mice were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and micro-computed tomography (µCT). Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining as well as hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining were used to observe bone microarchitectural changes. ELISA kits were used to assess the therapeutic effects of Semen Cuscutae on the serum levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b), and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANKL). The effect of Semen Cuscutae on primary cell viability was assessed using CCK-8 and anti-tartrate phosphatase assays. TRAP staining and actin ring staining were used to observe the effect of Semen Cuscutae on osteoclast differentiation. Western blotting was used to measure the effects of Semen Cuscutae on expressions of NFATC1, c-Src kinase, and c-fos. RESULTS: Results from UPLC-Q-TOF-MS showed that the main components of Semen Cuscutae were flavonoid compounds that included quercitrin, quercetin, hyperoside, caffeic acid, rutin, chlorogenic acid, luteolin, apigenin, kaempferol, isoquercetin, cryptochlorogenic acid, isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside, and astragalin. After the Semen Cuscutae extract was orally administered to OVX mice, bone density increased (P < 0.01) and bone microstructure was significantly improved (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Additionally, Semen Cuscutae exhibited a significant descending effect in the levels of serum TRACP-5b and RANKL, while there was a significant increase in OPG in the Semen Cuscutae group compared with the OVX group, especially at high doses. Moreover, we found that increasing of c-fos, c-Src kinase, and NFATC1 protein expressions were reversed by Semen Cuscutae in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that Semen Cuscutae exhibited anti-osteoporosis effects through the c-fos/c-Src kinase/NFATC1 signaling pathway.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 748568, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795584

RESUMO

Stroke is one of the most devastating diseases worldwide. The Chinese herbal preparation SaiLuoTong (SLT) capsule showed outstanding therapeutic effects on stroke and its sequelae. The aim of this study was to further elucidate its therapeutic mechanism. We duplicated a permanent cerebral ischemia model in rats by MCAO and used SLT (33 and 16.5 mg/kg) to intervene. The results showed SLT dose dependently decreased infarction volumes, relieved neuron degeneration and loss, and ameliorated neurological functions, and the dose of 33 mg/kg had statistical significance (compared with the model group, p < 0.05); SLT of 33 mg/kg also significantly inhibited the elevation in brain water content and the loss in claudin-1 and occludin expressions; additionally, it significantly increased nucleus translocation of Nrf2, elevated the expression of HO-1, and raised the activity of SOD and content of GSH (compared with the model group, p < 0.05 or 0.01). These results testified SLT's anti-brain ischemia effect and hint this effect may be related to the protection of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) that is dependent on the Nrf2 pathway. To further testify, we cultured hCMEC/D3 cells, duplicated OGD/R model to simulate ischemia, and used SLT (3.125, 6.25, and 12.5 mg/L) to treat. SLT dose dependently and significantly inhibited the drop in cell viabilities, and activated the Nrf2 pathway by facilitating Nrf2 nucleus translocation, and increasing HO-1 expression, SOD activity, and GSH content (compared with the model group, p < 0.05 or 0.01); last, the anti-OGD/R effects of SLT, including raising cell viabilities, inhibiting the elevation in dextran permeability, and preserving expressions of claudin-1 and occludin, were all abolished by Nrf2 siRNA interference. The in vitro experiment undoubtedly confirmed the direct protective effect of SLT on BMECs and the obligatory role of the Nrf2 pathway in it. Collectively, data of this study suggest that SLT's therapeutic effect on brain ischemia is related to its Nrf2-dependent BMECs protection.

13.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2100342, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788490

RESUMO

SCOPE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants, occurring more often in formula-fed infants than in breastfed infants. Recent animal studies have shown that cells in fresh breast milk survive in the newborns' digestive tract. However, no clinical studies have been conducted on the effects of human milk cells, and their biological roles in the infants' intestines remain unexplored. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty premature infants were enrolled. Cells from fresh milk of their own mothers were enriched and fed to infants with Bell's Stage I NEC once a day for seven days since the onset of NEC. Fecal samples were collected at enrollment and two weeks later. Fecal sphingolipids were observed to be enriched in NEC patients and positively correlated with calprotectin levels. After intervention with enriched human milk cells, inflammation-associated sphingolipids and microbiome profiles were altered and resembled those of the controls. CONCLUSION: These preliminary findings reveal the potential impacts of enriched human milk cells on premature infants with Bell's Stage I NEC and provide insight into the roles of fecal sphingolipid metabolism in the neonates' intestinal inflammation. However, the limited sample size of the study indicates the need for further investigation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Chemistry ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788502

RESUMO

Ethanol is a promising liquid clean energy source in the energy conversion field. However, the self-poisoning caused by the strongly adsorbed reaction intermediates (typically, CO) is a critical problem in ethanol oxidation reaction. To address this issue, we proposed a joint use of two strategies, alloying of Pt with other metals and building Pt/metal-oxide interfaces, to achieve high-performance electrocatalytic ethanol oxidation. For this, a well-designed synthetic route combining wet impregnation with a two-step thermal treatment process was established to construct PtSn/SnO x interfaces on carbon nanotubes. Using this route, the alloying of Pt-Sn and formation of PtSn-SnO x interfaces can simultaneously be achieved, and the coverage of SnO x thin films on PtSn alloy nanoparticles can be facilely tuned by the strong interaction between Pt and SnO x . The results revealed that the partial coverage of SnO x species not only retained the active sites, but also enhanced the CO anti-poisoning ability of the catalyst. Consequently, the H-PtSn/SnO x /CNT-2 catalyst with an optimized PtSn-SnO x interface showed significantly improved performances toward the ethanol oxidation reaction (825 mA mg Pt -1 ). This study provides deep insights into the structure-performance relationship of PtSn/metal oxide composite catalysts, which would be helpful for the future design and fabrication of high-performance Pt-based ethanol oxidation reaction catalysts.

15.
Plant Cell ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791473

RESUMO

Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are released from the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria during infection and modulate host immunity during host-pathogen interactions. The mechanisms by which OMVs are perceived by plants and affect host immunity are unclear. Here, we used the pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris to demonstrate that OMV-plant interactions at the Arabidopsis thaliana plasma membrane (PM) modulate various host processes, including endocytosis, innate immune responses, and suppression of pathogenesis by phytobacteria. The lipid phase of OMVs is highly ordered and OMVs directly insert into the Arabidopsis PM, thereby enhancing the plant PM's lipid order; this also resulted in strengthened plant defenses. Strikingly, the integration of OMVs into the plant PM is host nanodomain- and remorin-dependent. Using coarse-grained simulations of molecular dynamics, we demonstrated that OMV integration into the plant PM depends on the membrane lipid order. Our computational simulations further showed that the saturation level of the OMV lipids could fine-tune the enhancement of host lipid order. Our work unraveled the mechanisms underlying the ability of OMVs produced by a plant pathogen to insert into the host PM, alter host membrane properties, and modulate plant immune responses.

16.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 759192, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790668

RESUMO

Background: Tooth tissue regeneration mediated by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has become the most ideal treatment. Although the known regulatory mechanism and some achievements have been discovered, directional differentiation cannot effectively induce regeneration of tooth tissue. In this study, we intended to explore the function and mechanism of miR-6807-5p and its target gene METTL7A in odontogenic differentiation. Methods: In this study, human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were used. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Alizarin red staining (ARS), and calcium ion quantification were used to detect the odontogenic differentiation of miR-6807-5p and METTL7A. Real-time RT-PCR, western blot, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and pull-down assay with biotinylated miRNA were used to confirm that METTL7A was the downstream gene of miR-6807-5p. Protein mass spectrometry and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) were used to detect that SNRNP200 was the co-binding protein of METTL7A. Results: After mineralized induction, the odontogenic differentiation was enhanced in the miR-6807-5p-knockdown group and weakened in the miR-6807-5p-overexpressed group compared with the control group. METTL7A was the downstream target of miR-6807-5p. After mineralized induction, the odontogenic differentiation was weakened in the METTL7A-knockdown group and enhanced in the METTL7A-overexpressed group compared with the control group. SNRNP200 was the co-binding protein of METTL7A. The knockdown of SNRNP200 inhibited the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs. Conclusion: This study verified that miR-6807-5p inhibited the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs. The binding site of miR-6807-5p was the 3'UTR region of METTL7A, which was silenced by miR-6807-5p. METTL7A promoted the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs. SNRNP200, a co-binding protein of METTL7A, promoted the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs.

17.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1535, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790741

RESUMO

Background: It has been reported that atractylodin has a potential antitumor effect. This study aimed to investigate the effects of atractylodin on Huh7 and Hccm hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: Huh7 and Hccm cells were cultured in vitro, and their viability was detected by CCK-8 assay and the half inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated. The cells were treated with different concentrations of atractylodin, and the migration and invasion ability of cells was detected by scratch assay and Transwell assay. The cell cycle change and apoptosis rate were detected by flow cytometry. IlluminaHiSeq4000 platform was used for transcriptome sequencing, and the results were analyzed for gene differential expression, gene function, and signal pathway enrichment. Morphological changes of cells were detected by transmission electron microscopy, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were detected by DCFH-DA probe, and the expressions of ferroptosis related proteins GPX4, ACSL4, FTL, and TFR1 were detected by Western blot. Results: The results showed that atractylodin could inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of Huh7 and Hccm cells, regulate the cell cycle, and induce cell apoptosis and G1 phase cell cycle arrest. In addition, it could significantly induce the increase of intracellular ROS levels, decrease the expression of GPX4 and FTL proteins, and up-regulate the expression of ACSL4 and TFR1 proteins. Conclusions: Atractylodin can inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of Huh7 and Hccm liver cancer cells, and induce cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. In addition, our results suggest that atractylodin may induce ferroptosis in HCC cells by inhibiting the expression of GPX4 and FTL proteins, and up-regulating the expression of ACSL4 and TFR1 proteins.

18.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 21(1): 276, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment decisions in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery are based on clinical assessment. The Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) is pragmatic and widely used but has only moderate discrimination. We aimed to test the efficacy of the CHA2DS2-VASc score and the combination of CHA2DS2-VASc and RCRI to predict perioperative risks for non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: This pre-specified analysis was performed in a retrospective cohort undergoing intra-abdominal surgery in our center from July 1st, 2007 to June 30th, 2008. The possible association between the baseline characteristics (as defined by CHA2DS2-VASc and RCRI) and the primary outcome of composite perioperative cardiac complications (myocardial infarction, cardiac ischemia, heart failure, arrhythmia, stroke, and/or death) and secondary outcomes of individual endpoints were explored using multivariate Logistic regression. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (C-statistic) was used for RCRI, CHA2DS2-VASc, and the combined models, and the net reclassification improvement (NRI) was calculated to assess the additional discriminative ability. RESULTS: Of the 1079 patients (age 57.5 ± 17.0 years), 460 (42.6%) were women. A total of 83 patients (7.7%) reached the primary endpoint. Secondary outcomes included 52 cardiac ischemic events, 40 myocardial infarction, 20 atrial fibrillation, 18 heart failure, four strokes, and 30 deaths. The endpoint events increased with the RCRI and CHA2DS2-VASc grade elevated (P < 0.05 for trend). The RCRI showed a moderate predictive ability with a C-statistics of 0.668 (95%CI 0.610-0.725) for the composite cardiac outcome. The C-statistics for the CHA2DS2-VASc was 0.765 (95% CI 0.709-0.820), indicating better performance than the RCRI (p = 0.011). Adding the CHA2DS2-VASc to the RCRI further increased the C-statistic to 0.774(95%CI 0.719-0.829), improved sensitivity, negative predictive value, and enhanced reclassification in reference to RCRI. Similar performance of the combined scores was demonstrated in the analysis of individual secondary endpoints. The best cut-off of a total of 4 scores was suggested for the combined CHA2DS2-VASc and RCRI in the prediction of the perioperative cardiac outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The CHA2DS2-VASc score significantly enhanced risk assessment for the composite perioperative cardiovascular outcome in comparison to traditional RCRI risk stratification. Incorporation of CHA2DS2-VASc scores into clinical-decision making to improve perioperative management in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery warrants consideration.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 675350, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737693

RESUMO

K. galanga is an aromatic medicinal herb. It is locally to India and distributed in China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. K. galanga is a Traditional Chinese Herb Medicine (TCHM), which has been applied to treat cold, dry cough, toothaches, rheumatism, hypertension and so on. In addition, it has been used widely as spices since its highly aromas. The aim of this review is to compile and update the current progresses of ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of K. galanga. All the data on K. galanga were based on different classical literary works, multiple electronic databases including SciFinder, Web of Science, PubMed, etc. The results showed that ninety-seven compounds have been identified from rhizome of K. galanga, including terpenoids, phenolics, cyclic dipeptides, flavonoids, diarylheptanoids, fatty acids and esters. Modern pharmacology studies revealed that extracts or secondary metabolites of the herb possessed anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumorous, anti-bacterial, and anti-angiogenesis effects, which were closely related to its abundant ethnomedicinal uses. In conclusion, although previous research works have provided various information of K. galanga, more in-depth studies are still necessary to systemically evaluate phytochemistry, pharmacological activities, toxicity and quality control of this herb.

20.
Front Immunol ; 12: 747616, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745118

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and dysregulated in the kidneys of lupus nephritis (LN) patients, but their pathogenic roles in LN are largely unknown. Janus Kinase 1 (JAK1) mediates the activation of the downstream signaling pathways of many inflammatory cytokines, including type I interferon (IFN-I) signaling pathway which is critical to the development of SLE and LN. Thus, JAK1 is a potent therapeutic target for these autoimmune diseases. However, there are few studies demonstrating the dysregulation of JAK1 in autoimmune diseases and the molecular mechanism behind it. In this concise report, we show an inhibitory effect of hsa-miR-127-3p, a microRNA that is downregulated in the renal tissues of LN patients, on IFN-I signaling. We found the overexpression of hsa-miR-127-3p could inhibit the induction of ISRE and GAS mediated gene expression, the phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT2, and the upregulation of IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) stimulated by IFN-I. While, hsa-miR-127-3p antagonist enhanced the activation of IFN-I signaling in primary renal mesangial cells. Subsequently, we identified JAK1 as a bona fide target gene of hsa-miR-127-3p and showed hsa-miR-127-3p targeted JAK1 through binding to its 3'UTR and coding region. Consistently, we found the downregulation of hsa-miR-127-3p was associated with the upregulation of JAK1 and ISGs in kidney tissues of LN patients. Our data indicate renal downregulation of hsa-miR-127-3p contributes to the overactivation of IFN-I signaling pathway in the kidneys of LN patients through promoting the expression of JAK1, suggesting hsa-miR-127-3p mimics may be used to inhibit JAK1 and IFN-I signaling pathway in LN.

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