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1.
Molecules ; 28(21)2023 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37959693

RESUMO

Ligustrum robustum has been not only used as a heat-clearing and detoxicating functional tea (Ku-Ding-Cha) but also consumed as a hypotensive, anti-diabetic, and weight-reducing folk medicine. From the leaves of L. robustum, ten new monoterpenoid glycosides named ligurobustosides T10 (1a), T11 (1b), T12 (2a), T13 (2b), T14 (3a), T15 (3b), F1 (4b), T16 (5a), T17 (5b), and E1 (6b), together with five known ones (4a, 6a, 7, 8a, 8b), were separated and identified using the spectroscopic method and chemical method in this research. The results of biological tests exhibited that the fatty acid synthase (FAS) inhibitory action of compound 5 (IC50: 4.38 ± 0.11 µM) was as strong as orlistat (IC50: 4.46 ± 0.13 µM), a positive control; the α-glucosidase inhibitory actions of compounds 1-4 and 7-8, and the α-amylase inhibitory actions of compounds 1-8 were medium; the ABTS radical scavenging capacities of compounds 1-3 and 5-8 (IC50: 6.27 ± 0.23 ~ 8.59 ± 0.09 µM) were stronger than l-(+)-ascorbic acid (IC50: 10.06 ± 0.19 µM) served as a positive control. This research offered a theoretical foundation for the leaves of L. robustum to prevent diabetes and its complications.


Assuntos
Ligustrum , Ligustrum/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/química
2.
Front Psychol ; 14: 1025577, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37818421

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the clinical application effect of an augmented reality (AR) plasticity model on the postoperative visual function recovery of children with concomitant exotropia. Methods: Between September 2019 and October 2021, 28 patients with concomitant exotropia who visited Shenzhen Children's Hospital (9 male and 19 female) were enrolled in this study. The average age of the patients was 6.4 ± 1.8 years. Postoperative rehabilitation training was conducted using a personalized AR binocular visual perception plasticity model developed based on the patient's examination results. After 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months of training, the patients returned to the hospital for examinations of perceptual eye position, static zero-order stereopsis, dynamic first-order fine stereopsis, and dynamic second-order coarse stereopsis to compare the changes in eye position control and stereovision function. Results: After 6 months of eye position training, the horizontal perception eye position of the 28 patients was significantly lower than that before training. The difference in eye position at the first and third months compared with that before training was not statistically significant (1st month: z = -2.255, p = 0.024 > 0.017; 3rd month: z = -2.277, p = 0.023 > 0.017; 6th month: z = -3.051, p = 0.002 < 0.017). The difference in vertical perceptual eye position after training compared with that before training was not statistically significant (1st month: z = -0.252, p = 0.801 > 0.017; 3rd month: z = -1.189, p = 0.234 > 0.017; 6th month: z = -2.225, p = 0.026 > 0.017). The difference in 0.8-m static zero-order stereopsis before and after training was not statistically significant (1st month: z = -2.111, p = 0.035 > 0.017; 3rd month: z = -1.097, p = 0.273 > 0.017; 6th month: z = -1.653, p = 0.098 > 0.017). The 1.5-m static zero-order stereopsis was improved after 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months of training compared with that before training (1st month: z = -3.134, p = 0.002 < 0.017; 3rd month: z = -2.835, p = 0.005 < 0.017; 6th month: z = -3.096, p = 0.002 < 0.017). Dynamic first-order fine stereopsis and dynamic second-order coarse stereopsis were measured in the 28 patients before and after training. Patients 1 and 18 had no dynamic first-order fine stereopsis before training, but both regained dynamic stereopsis after 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months of training. Patient 16 had no dynamic first-order fine stereopsis or dynamic second-order coarse stereopsis before training, but first-order and second-order stereopsis had been reconstructed after 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months of training. Conclusion: Concomitant exotropia surgery improved the basic problem of eye position at the ocular muscle level, but the patient's perceptual eye position and visual function defects at the brain visual level remained. This might partly explain the poor postoperative clinical effect. The AR plasticity model can improve patients' horizontal perceptual eye position and multi-dimensional stereoscopic function, and its clinical effect warrants further study.

3.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 26(2): 123-131, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37527048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis of the diagnostic efficacy of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) and gallium-68-labeled fibroblast-activation protein inhibitor (68Ga-FAPI) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for primary liver cancer based on existing clinical evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Meta-analysis was carried out according to PRISMA reporting specification. The clinical studies in PubMed/Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library database were retrieved from the establishment to September 2022. Two researchers independently conducted literature screening and data extraction, evaluated the risk of bias according to QUADAS-2, conducted meta-analysis using Meta Disc 1.4 and Stata15.1 software, and calculated the summarized sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive likelihood ratio (+LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR). The diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET/CT and 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT for primary liver cancer was compared using summarized receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve and area under curve (AUC). RESULTS: Four original studies on 18F-FDG PET/CT and 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT in the diagnosis of primary liver cancer were included, including 159 intrahepatic lesions in 106 patients. Taking lesions as a unit, in four original studies, the pooled results of 18F-FDG PET/CT diagnosis of primary liver cancer were Sen=0.5 (95% CI:95% CI: 0.41-0.59), Spe=0.87 (95% CI: 0.52-0.98), AUC=0.58 (95% CI:0.53-0.62); The pooled results of 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT in the diagnosis of primary liver cancer, Sen=0.5 (95% CI: 0.41-0.59), Spe=0.87 (95%CI:0.52-0.98), AUC=0.58 (95% CI:0.53-0.62). Besides, the Sen of 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT in the diagnosis of primary liver cancer was higher than that of 18F-FDG PET/CT (Z=2.323, P=0.02), the difference was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Gallium-68-FAPI PET/CT is a promising tool. Compared with 18F-FDG, 68Ga-FAPI has higher sensitivity to detect more lesions in primary liver cancer and metastatic lesions, and has high performance in the diagnosis of primary liver cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Quinolinas , Humanos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(2): 411-414, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36949707

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of patients with silicosis combined with pulmonary infection in recent years, to study the distribution and the drug susceptibility of fungal and bacterial pathogens in their sputum samples, and to provide references for the prevention and treatment of silicosis and the appropriate drug use. Methods: The clinical data and drug sensitivity test results of patients with silicosis combined with pulmonary infection diagnosed at the Department of Occupational Diseases, West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 318 patients with silicosis combined with pulmonary infection who received treatment between January 2017 and December 2020 were enrolled. All the patients had positive microorganism test results. All participants were male. Their median age at the time of onset was 51.00 years and the median time of exposure to silica dust at work was 12.40 years. They worked mostly in construction, non-ferrous metal mining, and coal mining. The main types of work they did were pneumatic drilling, coal digging, and mining. The positive detection rates for the first, second and third phases of silicosis were 27.54%, 28.32%, and 32.97%, respectively. A total of 341 strains of fungal and bacterial pathogens were isolated, of which, 54.1% were fungi, including 114 strains (35.8%) of Candida albicans, and 53.1% were bacteria, including 168 strains (52.8%) of gram-negative bacteria, most of which being Klebsiella pneumoniae (30.2%). There was only 1 strain (0.3%) of gram-positive bacteria, namely Staphylococcus hemolyticus. Gram-negative bacilli were most resistant to ampicillin and highly sensitive to penicillin G and ofloxacin. Conclusion: Among patients with silicosis combined with pulmonary infection, the incidence of pulmonary infection increases along with the progress of silicosis. Microorganism analysis reveals high detection rates for fungi and the bacteria detected are predominantly gram-negative bacteria. The overall prospect for drug resistance rate was not optimistic.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Silicose , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Bactérias , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Resistência a Medicamentos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
5.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 610, 2023 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36739462

RESUMO

It is critical to understand factors associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) metastasis. To track the evolutionary route of metastasis, here we perform an integrative genomic analysis of 163 matched blood and primary, regional lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis tumour samples, combined with single-cell RNA-seq on 11 samples from two patients. The mutation burden, gene mutation frequency, mutation signature, and copy number frequency are similar between metastatic tumours and primary and regional lymph node tumours. There are two distinct evolutionary routes of metastasis, including metastases evolved from regional lymph nodes (lymphatic route, 61.5%, 8/13) and from primary tumours (hematogenous route, 38.5%, 5/13). The hematogenous route is characterised by higher IFN-γ response gene expression and a higher fraction of exhausted CD8+ T cells. Based on a radiomics model, we find that the hematogenous group has significantly better progression-free survival and PD-1 immunotherapy response, while the lymphatic group has a better response to locoregional radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Relevância Clínica , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia
6.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615556

RESUMO

The leaves of Ligustrum robustum have been consumed as Ku-Ding-Cha for clearing heat and removing toxins, and they have been used as a folk medicine for curing hypertension, diabetes, and obesity in China. The phytochemical research on the leaves of L. robustum led to the isolation and identification of two new hexenol glycosides, two new butenol glycosides, and five new sugar esters, named ligurobustosides X (1a), X1 (1b), Y (2a), and Y1 (2b) and ligurobustates A (3a), B (3b), C (4b), D (5a), and E (5b), along with seven known compounds (4a and 6-10). Compounds 1-10 were tested for their inhibitory effects on fatty acid synthase (FAS), α-glucosidase, and α-amylase, as well as their antioxidant activities. Compound 2 showed strong FAS inhibitory activity (IC50 4.10 ± 0.12 µM) close to that of the positive control orlistat (IC50 4.46 ± 0.13 µM); compounds 7 and 9 revealed moderate α-glucosidase inhibitory activities; compounds 1-10 showed moderate α-amylase inhibitory activities; and compounds 1 and 10 displayed stronger 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) ammonium salt (ABTS) radical scavenging effects (IC50 3.41 ± 0.08~5.65 ± 0.19 µM) than the positive control l-(+)-ascorbic acid (IC50 10.06 ± 0.19 µM). This study provides a theoretical foundation for the leaves of L. robustum as a functional tea to prevent diabetes and its complications.


Assuntos
Ligustrum , Ligustrum/química , alfa-Glucosidases , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antioxidantes/química , Glicosídeos/química , Folhas de Planta/química , alfa-Amilases
7.
Cell Prolif ; 56(2): e13363, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404603

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition characterized by gastrointestinal tract inflammation and still lacks satisfactory treatments. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) show promising potential for treating IBD, but their therapeutic efficacy varies depending on the tissue of origin. We aim to investigate whether intestine Peyer's patch (PP)-derived MSCs have superior immunomodulatory effects on T cells and better therapeutic effects on IBD compared with bone marrow-derived MSCs. We isolated PPs-derived Nestin+ MSCs (MSCsPP ) and bone marrow-derived Nestin+ MSCs (MSCsBM ) from Nestin-GFP transgenic mice to explore their curative effects on murine IBD model. Moreover, we tested the effects of IL-22 knockdown and IL-22 overexpression on the therapeutic efficacy of MSCsPP and MSCsBM in murine IBD, respectively. We demonstrated that Nestin+ cells derived from murine PPs exhibit MSC-like biological characteristics. Compared with MSCsBM , MSCsPP possess enhanced immunoregulatory ability to suppress T cell proliferation and inflammatory cytokine production. Moreover, we observed that MSCsPP exhibited greater therapeutic efficacy than MSCsBM in murine IBD models. Interestingly, IL-22, which was highly expressed in MSCsPP , could alleviate the severity of the intestinal inflammation, while knockdown IL-22 of MSCsPP remarkably weakened the therapeutic effects. More importantly, IL-22 overexpressing MSCsBM could significantly improve the symptoms of murine IBD models. This study systemically demonstrated that murine MSCsPP have a prominent advantage in murine IBD treatment, partly through IL-22.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Camundongos , Animais , Nestina , Intestinos , Inflamação , Camundongos Transgênicos , Células da Medula Óssea
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 150-155, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-970199

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the value of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) for excimer laser ablation (ELA) combined with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in treating lower limb arteriosclerotic obliterans (ASO). Methods: As a prospective case series study, patients who underwent ELA combined with DCB for lower limb ASO with the guidance of IVUS from September 2021 to March 2022 at Department of Vascular Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were enrolled prospectively. Lesion characteristics, procedure-related outcomes and complications were collected. The therapy outcomes were compared with baseline data by paired t test. Results: There were 8 males and 2 females, aged (72.0±5.9) years (range: 61 to 81 years). Of all the 11 lesions, there were 8 lesions in superficial femoral artery and 3 in popliteal artery. The lesion length was (7.0±2.4) cm (range: 3.2 to 9.8 cm). There were 4 chronic totally occlusion and 7 severe stenosis. All patients underwent the operation successfully. The technical success rate was 10/11. Bailout stenting was performed in one lesion because of flow-limiting dissection. Four lesions were grade 3 to 4 in peripheral artery calcium score system, and 9 lesions with calcification arc≥180°. Larger diameter drug-coated balloons were selected in 5 lesions after measurement of intravascular ultrasound. The follow-up time was (6.0±1.9) months (range: 3 to 9 months). The ankle-brachial index of the patient was significantly improved immediately after surgery (0.97±0.13 vs. 0.48±0.18, t=-7.60, P<0.01) and at 3 months after surgery (0.95±0.12 vs. 0.48±0.18, t=-7.17, P<0.01). The 3-month primary patency rate was 11/11, the target lesion reintervention was 0 and ulcer healing rate was 3/4. Conclusion: IVUS assisted ELA in the treatment of lower limb artery lesions is safe and effective in early stage.


Assuntos
Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Terapia a Laser , Extremidade Inferior , Ultrassonografia , Artéria Femoral , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 124-131, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-969687

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate treatment responses, outcomes, and prognostic factors in adults with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) . Methods: Between January 2008 and February 2021, date of consecutive cases of younger than 65 years of adults with sAML were assessed retrospectively. Clinical characteristics at diagnosis, treatment responses, recurrence, and survival were evaluated. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards model were employed to determine significant prognostic indicators for treatment response and survival. Results: 155 patients were recruited, including 38, 46, 57, 14 patients belonging to t-AML, and AML with unexplained cytopenia, post-MDS-AML, and post-MPN-AML, respectively. In the 152 evaluable patients, the rate of MLFS after the initial induction regimen was 47.4%, 57.9%, 54.3%, 40.0%, and 23.1% in the four groups (P=0.076) . The total rate of MLFS after the induction regimen was 63.8%, 73.3%, 69.6%, 58.2%, and 38.5% (P=0.084) , respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that male gender (OR=0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.9, P=0.038 and OR=0.3, 95% CI 0.1-0.8, P=0.015) , SWOG cytogenetic classification into unfavorable or intermediate (OR=0.1, 95% CI 0.1-0.6, P=0.014 and OR=0.1, 95% CI 0.1-0.3, P=0.004) and receiving low-intensity regimen as induction regimen (OR=0.1, 95% CI 0.1-0.3, P=0.003 and OR=0.1, 95%CI 0.1-0.2, P=0.001) were typical adverse factors impacting the first CR and the final CR; PLT<45 × 10(9)/L (OR=0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.9, P=0.038) and LDH ≥258 U/L (OR=0.3, 95%CI 0.1-0.7, P=0.005) were independent factors for CR. Among the 94 patients with achieving MLFS, 46 cases had allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. With a median follow-up period of 18.6 months, the probabilities of relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) at 3 years were 25.4% and 37.3% in patients with transplantation, and in patients with chemotherapy, the probabilities of RFS and OS at 3-year were 58.2% and 64.3%, respectively. At the time of achieving MLFS, multivariate analysis revealed that age ≥46 years (HR=3.4, 95%CI 1.6-7.2, P=0.002 and HR=2.5, 95%CI 1.1-6.0, P=0.037) , peripheral blasts ≥17.5% at diagnosis (HR=2.5, 95%CI 1.2-4.9, P=0.010 and HR=4.1, 95%CI 1.7-9.7, P=0.002) , monosomal karyotypes (HR=4.9, 95%CI 1.2-19.9, P=0.027 and HR=28.3, 95%CI 4.2-189.5, P=0.001) were typical adverse factors influencing RFS and OS. Furthermore, CR after induction chemotherapy (HR=0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.8, P=0.015) and transplantation (HR=0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.9, P=0.028) were substantially linked to longer RFS. Conclusion: Post-MDS-AML and post-MPN-AML had lower response rates and poorer prognoses than t-AML and AML with unexplained cytopenia. In adults with male gender, low platelet count, high LDH, and SWOG cytogenetic classification into unfavorable or intermediate at diagnosis, and receiving low-intensity regimen as the induction regimen predicted a low response rate. Age ≥46 years, a higher proportion of peripheral blasts and monosomal karyotype had a negative effect on the overall outcome. Transplantation and CR after induction chemotherapy were greatly linked to longer RFS.


Assuntos
Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia de Indução , Recidiva , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas
10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-993274

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the value of alpha-fetoprotein(AFP) in predicting survival of patients who underwent salvage surgery after tumor downstaging therapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:The data of 50 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Staging (BCLC) C hepatocellular carcinoma treated at the Faculty of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital from December 2018 to December 2021 were collected. There were 45 males and 5 females, with the age of (53.0±10.5) years. The patients were divided into two groups based on the serum AFP level after tumor downstaging therapy, AFP normal group ( n=27, AFP≤20 μg/L) and the control group ( n=23, AFP>20 μg/L). Patient survival and tumor recurrence were followed up by outpatient review or telephone follow-up. The survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. The efficacy of combined immunotargeted therapy were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were carried to analyse the factors influcing prognosis. Results:The median survival time was not reached in both groups. The 1-year and 2-year cumulative survival rates were 95.0% and 88.2% in the normal group and 73.4% and 54.1% in the control group, respectively. The median relapse-free survival time of the normal group was not reached, and the median relapse-free survival time of the control group was 11 months. The 1-year recurrence-free survival rate was 78.1% in the normal group and 39.5% in the control group. The cumulative survival rate and relapse-free survival rate in the normal group were significantly higher than those in the control group (χ 2=7.60, 8.83, P=0.006, 0.003). The complete response, partial response and pathological complete response of tumors in the normal group were significant better than those in the control group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that patients with serum AFP >20 μg/L ( HR=2.952, 95% CI: 1.023-8.517, P=0.045) after immunotherapy combined with targeted therapy had an increased risk of postoperative recurrence. Conclusion:The reduction of serum AFP to normal after downstaging therapy could be used as a prognostic indicator of salvage surgical in patients with BCLC C hepatocellular carcinoma, and AFP was related to the efficacy of downstaging therapy in patients.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-989661

RESUMO

Objective:To establish a method for the determination of four effective components in Paeoniae Radix Alba and evaluate its quality of Paeoniae Radix Alba by principal component analysis. Methods:The effective components of Paeoniae Radix Alba were extracted by ultrasonic extraction method with ethanol. Wondasil WR C18 chromatographic column (250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm) was used, and the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water, the flow rate was set at 1 ml/min, the column temperature was set at 30 ℃, and the total operation time was 65 min. The mass score of active components was imported into SPSS for principal component analysis. Results:The linear ranges of Paeoniflorin, Paeoniflorin, Benzoyl Paeoniflorin and Pallyl Paeoniflorin were 0.020 1-3.820 0 μg ( r2=0.999 4), 0.015 9-2.850 0 μg ( r2=0.999 2), 0.008 2- 1.820 0 μg ( r2=0.999 1), 0.003 2-0.970 0 μg ( r2=0.999 5). The quality of the 10 batches of Paeoniae Radix Alba samples from Anhui province was the best, while that from Sichuan province was the worst. Conclusions:HPLC method was established for the determination of four effective components in Paeoniae Radix Alba, and principal component analysis and evaluation of 10 batches of Paeoniae Radix Alba. Bozhou, Anhui Province, was identified as the main production area of Paeoniae Radix Alba, which can provide reference for the quality control and preparation production of Paeoniae Radix Alba.

12.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364215

RESUMO

The phytochemical study on the leaves of Ligustrum robustum, which have been used as Ku-Ding-Cha, led to the isolation and identification of three new phenylethanoid glycosides and three new phenylmethanoid glycosides, named ligurobustosides R1 (1b), R2-3 (2), R4 (3), S1 (4b), S2 (5), and S3 (6), and five reported phenylethanoid glycosides (7-11). In the bioactivity test, (Z)-osmanthuside B6 (11) displayed strong fatty acid synthase (FAS) inhibitory activity (IC50: 4.55 ± 0.35 µM) as the positive control orlistat (IC50: 4.46 ± 0.13 µM), while ligurobustosides R4 (3) and S2 (5), ligupurpuroside B (7), cis-ligupurpuroside B (8), ligurobustoside N (9), osmanthuside D (10), and (Z)-osmanthuside B6 (11) showed stronger ABTS radical scavenging activity (IC50: 2.68 ± 0.05~4.86 ± 0.06 µM) than the positive control L-(+)-ascorbic acid (IC50: 10.06 ± 0.19 µM). This research provided a theoretical basis for the leaves of L. robustum as a tea with function in treating obesity and diabetes.


Assuntos
Ligustrum , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 16983, 2022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36216860

RESUMO

Karst is a common engineering environment in the process of tunnel construction, which poses a serious threat to the construction and operation, and the theory on calculating the settlement without the assumption of semi-infinite half-space is lack. Meanwhile, due to the limitation of test conditions or field measurement, the settlement of high-speed railway tunnel in Karst region is difficult to control and predict effectively. In this study, a novel intelligent displacement prediction model, following the machine learning (ML) incorporated with the finite difference method, is developed to evaluate the settlement of the tunnel floor. A back propagation neural network (BPNN) algorithm and a random forest (RF) algorithm are used herein, while the Bayesian regularization is applied to improve the BPNN and the Bayesian optimization is adopted for tuning the hyperparameters of RF. The newly proposed model is employed to predict the settlement of Changqingpo tunnel floor, located in the southeast of Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, China. Numerical simulations have been performed on the Changqingpo tunnel in terms of variety of karst size, and locations. Validations of the numerical simulations have been validated by the field data. A data set of 456 samples based on the numerical results is constructed to evaluate the accuracy of models' predictions. The correlation coefficients of the optimum BPNN and BR model in testing set are 0.987 and 0.925, respectively, indicating that the proposed BPNN model has more great potential to predict the settlement of tunnels located in karst areas. The case study of Changqingpo tunnel in karst region has demonstrated capability of the intelligent displacement prediction model to well predict the settlement of tunnel floor in Karst region.

14.
Explor Target Antitumor Ther ; 3(4): 445-462, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071984

RESUMO

Bone metastasis is a frequent complication for cancers and an important reason for the mortality in cancer patients. After surviving in bone, cancer cells can cause severe pain, life-threatening hypercalcemia, pathologic fractures, spinal cord compression, and even death. However, the underlying mechanisms of bone metastasis were not clear. The role of calcium (Ca2+) in cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion has been well established. Interestingly, emerging evidence indicates that Ca2+ signaling played a key role in bone metastasis, for it not only promotes cancer progression but also mediates osteoclasts and osteoblasts differentiation. Therefore, Ca2+ signaling has emerged as a novel therapeutical target for cancer bone metastasis treatments. Here, the role of Ca2+ channels and Ca2+-binding proteins including calmodulin and Ca2+-sensing receptor in bone metastasis, and the perspective of anti-cancer bone metastasis therapeutics via targeting the Ca2+ signaling pathway are summarized.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 922152, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35873961

RESUMO

N6-methyladenine (6mA) DNA modification has been detected in several eukaryotic organisms, in some of them, it plays important role in the regulation process of stress-resistance response. However, the genome-wide distribution patterns and potential functions of 6mA DNA modification in halophyte Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum) remain largely unknown. Here, we examined the 6mA landscape in the P. vaginatum genome by adopting single molecule real-time sequencing technology and found that 6mA modification sites were broadly distributed across the P. vaginatum genome. We demonstrated distinct 6mA methylation levels and 6mA distribution patterns in different types of transcription genes, which hinted at different epigenetic rules. Furthermore, the moderate 6mA density genes in P. vaginatum functionally correlated with stress resistance, which also maintained a higher transcriptional level. On the other hand, a specific 6mA distribution pattern in the gene body and near TSS was observed in gene groups with higher RNA expression, which maybe implied some kind of regularity between 6mA site distribution and the protein coding genes transcription was possible. Our study provides new insights into the association between 6mA methylation and gene expression, which may also contribute to key agronomic traits in P. vaginatum.

16.
Molecules ; 27(12)2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35744841

RESUMO

The leaves of Ligustrum robustum have been applied as Ku-Ding-Cha, a functional tea to clear heat, remove toxins, and treat obesity and diabetes, in Southwest China. The phytochemical research on the leaves of L. robustum led to the isolation and identification of eight new monoterpenoid glycosides (1-8) and three known monoterpenoid glycosides (9-11). Compounds 1-11 were tested for the inhibitory activities on fatty acid synthase (FAS), α-glucosidase, α-amylase, and the antioxidant effects. Compound 2 showed stronger FAS inhibitory activity (IC50: 2.36 ± 0.10 µM) than the positive control orlistat (IC50: 4.46 ± 0.13 µM), while compounds 1, 2, 5 and 11 displayed more potent ABTS radical scavenging activity (IC50: 6.91 ± 0.10~9.41 ± 0.22 µM) than the positive control L-(+)-ascorbic acid (IC50: 10.06 ± 0.19 µM). This study provided a theoretical basis for the leaves of L. robustum as a functional tea to treat obesity.


Assuntos
Ligustrum , Antioxidantes/química , Glicosídeos/química , Humanos , Ligustrum/química , Monoterpenos/análise , Obesidade , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Chá , alfa-Glucosidases
17.
Front Oncol ; 12: 794975, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402262

RESUMO

Purpose: We aimed to establish a prognostic model based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiomics features for individual distant metastasis risk prediction in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods: Regression analysis was applied to select radiomics features from T1-weighted (T1-w), contrast-enhanced T1-weighted (T1C-w), and T2-weighted (T2-w) MRI scans. All prognostic models were established using a primary cohort of 518 patients with NPC. The prognostic ability of the radiomics, clinical (based on clinical factors), and merged prognostic models (integrating clinical factors with radiomics) were identified using a concordance index (C-index). Models were tested using a validation cohort of 260 NPC patients. Distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) were calculated by using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by using the log-rank test. Results: In the primary cohort, seven radiomics prognostic models showed similar discrimination ability for DMFS to the clinical prognostic model (P=0.070-0.708), while seven merged prognostic models displayed better discrimination ability than the clinical prognostic model or corresponding radiomics prognostic models (all P<0.001). In the validation cohort, the C-indices of seven radiomics prognostic models (0.645-0.722) for DMFS prediction were higher than in the clinical prognostic model (0.552) (P=0.016 or <0.001) or in corresponding merged prognostic models (0.605-0.678) (P=0.297 to 0.857), with T1+T1C prognostic model (based on Radscore combinations of T1 and T1C Radiomics models) showing the highest C-index (0.722). In the decision curve analysis of the validation cohort for all prognostic models, the T1+T1C prognostic model displayed the best performance. Conclusions: Radiomics models, especially the T1+T1C prognostic model, provided better prognostic ability for DMFS in patients with NPC.

18.
Cancer Med ; 11(17): 3251-3259, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognostic indicators based on the initial prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, nadir PSA, and time to PSA nadir were calculated to evaluate prognosis after primary androgen deprivation therapy (PADT), as these have been reported in very few studies. We attempted to evaluate the prognostic role of the slope associated with nadir PSA in patients treated with PADT. METHODS: A total of 107 patients who were treated with PADT from 2015 to 2019 were reviewed. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression model were used to analyze the prognostic significance of the slope associated with nadir PSA in predicting progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: After PADT, the median follow-up duration was 40.1 months; 66 patients (61.7%) had disease progression, and 33 patients (30.8%) died. In the univariate analysis, T stage, N stage, nadir PSA, time to PSA nadir, nadir PSA declining slope (nPSA-DS), nadir PSA percentage declining slope (nPSA-PDS), and nadir PSA line slope (nPSA-LS) were significant predictors for PFS and OS. The multivariate analysis showed that a higher nPSA-DS (> - 0.74) and lower PSA nadir (≤0.16 ng/ml) were independent predictors for prolonged survival. The significance of nPSA-DS and nPSA was supported by the analysis of nPSA-DS and nPSA as time-dependent covariates. The combined analyses demonstrated that patients with a higher nPSA-DS and lower PSA nadir had the best PFS and OS. CONCLUSIONS: The slope associated with the nadir PSA of nPSA-DS was a significant independent predictor for patients treated with PADT. Nadir PSA and nPSA-DS have a synergistic effect on prognosis.


Assuntos
Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias da Próstata , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Androgênios , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 88: 108-115, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35181470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the prognostic value of imaging features and related models in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients that received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically reviewed the data of 110 NPC patients who received radiotherapy and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The patients were randomly divided into the training cohort (n = 88) and the verification cohort (n = 22). The imaging data collected in this study were screened via Pyramidics and used to construct prediction models based on histology and clinical nomographs. The models' accuracy was evaluated via calibration curves and the consistency index (C-index). In addition, we also explored the correlation between radiomics expression patterns, quantitative histological characteristics, and clinical data and then constructed a model to predict the prognosis of NPC. RESULTS: The models that integrated radiomics contours with all the clinical data were superior to those based on the clinical data alone (C-index 0.746 vs. C-index 0.814, respectively) and the calibration curves showed good consistency. The heat map showed that the radiomics expression pattern and selected histological characteristics were correlated with the clinical stage, T stage, and N stage (p < 0.05), and no radiomics feature was associated with lactate dehydrogenase expression, lymphocyte count, or mononuclear cell count. CONCLUSION: MRI-based radiomics can significantly improve the efficacy of traditional TNM staging and clinical data in predicting the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with advanced NPC, which may provide an opportunity for precision medicine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-932640

RESUMO

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of apatinib in combination with chemoradiotherapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).Methods:37 patients orally received apatinib at 250 mg/d during concurrent chemoradiotherapy until completion of radiotherapy, complete remission assessed by imaging examination, the onset of unacceptable toxicity or death. Baseline characteristics, objective response rates (ORR) and adverse events were assessed in all enrolled patients with complete baseline and safety data. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were statistically identified using Cox regression models.Results:The ORR was 85%(95% CI: 72%-98%). The median PFS was 17.9 months and the 2-year OS rate was 62%(95% CI: 48%-80%). Ineffective short-term efficacy ( HR=0.035, 995% CI: 0.02-0.652, P=0.025) was an independent risk factor for poor OS. In addition, ineffective short-term efficacy ( HR=0.104, 95% CI: 0.017-0.633, P=0.014) and lymphocytopenia ( HR=17.539, 95% CI: 2.040-150.779, P=0.009) were independent risk factors for poor PFS. Common adverse events (>60%) included lymphocytopenia (76%), leukopenia (68%) and irradiation-induced mucosal injury (65%). The most common treatment-associated grade 3 adverse event was lymphopenia (49%). Conclusions:Apatinib combined with chemoradiotherapy yield significant anti-tumor activity for HNSCC with controllable toxicity. For patients with advanced HNSCC, short-term efficacy and lymphocytopenia may be potential predictors for clinical efficacy of apatinib combined with chemoradiotherapy.

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