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1.
Eye (Lond) ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719675

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the longitudinal changes in neovascularization of the retinal elsewhere (NVE) size on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) treated by panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) alone or by single intravitreal conbercept injection plus PRP. METHODS: A prospective pilot study. Forty-four PDR eyes with NVE confirmed by fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) and OCTA were included. They were assigned to receive PRP alone (PRP group) or intravitreal conbercept injection plus PRP (combination group). Ophthalmic examinations, including BCVA and OCTA to measure the NVE size, were performed at baseline before each PRP session, and at 1, 3, and 6 months. RESULTS: Twenty-nine eyes were included in the PRP group, and 15 eyes were included in the combination group. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to age, BCVA, and NVE area at baseline. In both groups, there was a significant (P < 0.05) NVE size reduction during the majority of study visits, with the reduction observed in the combination group significantly larger than that in the PRP group. No significant BCVA changes were observed in either groups, except that in the PRP group, the BCVA at 3 months was significantly improved (P < 0.05). No deaths or unexpected adverse events (AEs) were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Intravitreal conbercept plus PRP was more effective than PRP monotherapy in NVE regression. Precise quantification of the NVE area by OCTA makes it a useful tool for monitoring the response of retinal neovascular lesions to the therapy.

2.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690540

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate bond durability when applying 2 phosphate ester monomer-containing self-adhesive resin cements alone, versus a combination of phosphate ester monomer-containing primer conditioning plus 2 conventional resin cements requiring primers, to zirconia after different artificial aging methods. METHODS: We cemented air-abraded zirconia plates to composite resin cylinders with self-adhesive resin cements (MS; RU) alone or cemented them with traditional resin cements (ZRV; ZVN) after pre-conditioning with a zirconia primer. A shear bond strength (SBS) test were performed after subjecting them to 19 different aging conditions (n = 15) comprising 30,000× thermocycles, air storage at room temperature (RT), water storage at RT, or at 37 °C for 24 h, 1 week, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Zirconia powders mixed with zirconia primer or 2 self-adhesive resin cements were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. RESULTS: Groups MS and ZVN obtained the highest SBS after all of aging methods. SBS after 6 months of storage was similar to SBS after 24 h of storage, while both were higher than SBS after 1 year of storage. Water storage at 37 °C provided higher SBS than RT water storage did. We detected a Zr-O-P bond in both self-adhesive resin cement/zirconia powder mixtures. CONCLUSIONS: Application of self-adhesive resin cements alone could be an alternative to pre-conditioning with a zirconia primer followed by the application of conventional resin cements. Formation of Zr-O-P bonds contributed to the bonding improvement of self-adhesive resin cements. Different aging conditions affected SBS values.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693299

RESUMO

The standard for assessing dietary sodium intake is to measure 24-hour urine sodium. On average, 93% of daily sodium intake is excreted over 24-hours. Expense and difficulties in obtaining complete 24-hour collections have led to the measurement of sodium concentration in spot and single-void urine samples, using predictive equations to estimate 24-hour urine sodium. Although multiple predictive equations have been developed, in addition to having an average bias, all the equations overestimate 24-hour sodium at lower levels of 24-hour sodium and underestimate 24-hour urine sodium at higher levels of 24-hour sodium. One of the least biased estimating equations is the INTERSALT equation, which incorporates a spot urine creatinine concentration. The authors hypothesized that differential fractional excretion of sodium (FeNa)(derived from a morning void collection) relative to creatinine would impact on the accuracy of the INTERSALT equation in estimating 24-hour urine sodium. In a prospective study of 139 adults aged 65 years and over, three sequential morning void and 24-hour urine samples were examined. There was a significant correlation between increasing FENa and the difference between estimated and measured 24-hours urine sodium (r = 0.358, P < .01). In the lowest quartile of FENa, the INTERSALT equation overestimated 24-hour urine sodium, but underestimated 24-hour urine sodium with greater magnitude in each of the subsequent quartiles of FENa. Differential excretion of sodium relative to creatinine, potentially impacted by renal blood flow and hydration, among other factors, affected the accuracy of the INTERSALT equation. Additional research may refine the INTERSALT and other predictive equations to increase their accuracy.

4.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 6350-6366, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698566

RESUMO

Secret image sharing has been widely applied in numerous areas, such as military imaging systems, remote sensing, and so on. One of the problems for image sharing schemes is to efficiently recover original images from their shares preserved by the shareholders. However, most of the existing schemes are based on the assumption that the shares are distortion-free. Moreover, the correspondence between secret images and their shares is definite. To overcome these shortcomings, we propose a novel secret sharing scheme using multiple share images based on the generalized Chinese remainder theorem (CRT) in this paper, where all of the shares are needed to recover the original images. Two categories of distortions are considered. In the first category, some pairs of shares with the same moduli are exchanged, while in the second category, some of pixels in the pairs of shares with the same moduli are exchanged. Based on these two sharing methods, we propose a generalized CRT based recovery method. Compared with the existing CRT based methods as well as combinatorial based methods, the proposed approach is much more efficient and secure. Furthermore, the conditions for successful recovery of two images from the given distorted shares are obtained. Simulations are also presented to show the efficiency of the proposed scheme.

5.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701403

RESUMO

We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 9,552 women experiencing their second delivery between 2014 and 2016 at the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital to investigate the association between the interpregnancy interval (IPI) and adverse perinatal outcomes. With the 12-23-mon IPI as the reference category, logistic regression analyzes were used to examine associations between different IPIs (<12, 12-23, 24-59, 60-119, and ≥120 mon) and perinatal outcomes (gestational diabetes mellitus, premature membrane rupture, gestational hypertension, preterm birth, low birth weight, and macrosomia). Compared with the 12-23-mon IPI category, women with longer IPIs had a higher risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, and those with an IPI ≥120 mon had the highest risk of gestational diabetes mellitus and premature membrane rupture (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.32-2.35 and adjusted OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.53-2.67, respectively). These results indicate that a longer IPI is associated with a higher risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and an IPI of ≥120 mon appears to be independently associated with a higher risk of gestational diabetes mellitus and premature membrane rupture.

6.
Bone ; 130: 115123, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678498

RESUMO

Oestrogen and hypoxia inducible factor-2α (HIF2α) are key regulators in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). However, the cellular interaction between oestrogen and HIF2α in articular cartilage during OA process remains unknown. Our previous study has revealed that high-physiological level of oestrogen aggravates the degradation of condylar cartilage in the early stage of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ OA). Here, we hypothesize that HIF2α involves the effect of oestrogen on mandibular condylar cartilage in the progression of TMJ OA. Our experiment in vivo found that the degeneration of condylar cartilage caused by unilateral anterior crossbite (UAC) model, characterized by obvious degenerative morphology, loss of cartilage extracellular matrix, up-regulation of TNF-α, HIF2α and its' down-stream OA-related cytokines (MMP-13, VEGF and Col X), could be alleviated by lack of oestrogen while aggravated by high level of oestrogen in rats. Meanwhile, our in vitro study found that 17ß-estradiol stimulation resulted in the loss of extracellular matrix, increased expression of TNF-α, IL-1, HIF2α and its' down-stream OA-related cytokines (MMP-13, VEGF and Col X) in primary condylar chondrocytes via oestrogen receptor beta (ERß), which could be reversed by ER antagonist, selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) and HIF2α translation inhibitor. Our results reveal that high level of oestrogen can aggravate the degenerative changes of mandibular condylar cartilage, while lack of oestrogen can alleviate it via oestrogen-ERß-HIF2α pathway during TMJ OA progression.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(47): 23562-23572, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690665

RESUMO

Primary cilia carry out numerous signaling and sensory functions, and defects in them, "ciliopathies," cause a range of symptoms, including blindness. Understanding of their nanometer-scale ciliary substructures and their disruptions in ciliopathies has been hindered by limitations of conventional microscopic techniques. We have combined cryoelectron tomography, enhanced by subtomogram averaging, with superresolution stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) to define subdomains within the light-sensing rod sensory cilium of mouse retinas and reveal previously unknown substructures formed by resident proteins. Domains are demarcated by structural features such as the axoneme and its connections to the ciliary membrane, and are correlated with molecular markers of subcompartments, including the lumen and walls of the axoneme, the membrane glycocalyx, and the intervening cytoplasm. Within this framework, we report spatial distributions of key proteins in wild-type (WT) mice and the effects on them of genetic deficiencies in 3 models of Bardet-Biedl syndrome.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721573

RESUMO

A series of novel anthranilic diamide derivatives (5a-5ab) containing moieties of trifluoromethylpyridine and hydrazone was designed and synthesized. The synthesized compounds were evaluated in vivo for their activities against tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV). Most of the synthesized compounds displayed good to excellent antiviral activities. The compounds 5i, 5k, 5s, 5w, 5x, and 5z had the curative activity over 65% against TMV at the concentration of 500 µg/mL, which were significantly higher than those of ningnanmycin (55.0%) and ribavirin (37.9%). Notably, the curative activity of compound 5i was up to 79.5%, with the EC50 value of 75.9 µg/mL, whereas the EC50 value of ningnanmycin was 362.4 µg/mL. The pot experiments also further demonstrated the significantly curative effect of 5i. Meanwhile, compounds 5h, 5p and 5x displayed more protective activities on TMV than that of ningnanmycin. Moreover, compounds 5a, 5e, 5f, and 5i showed inactivation activity similar to ningnanmycin at 500 µg/mL, and the EC50 value of 5e (41.5 µg/mL) was lower than ningnanmycin (50.0 µg/mL). The findings of transmission electron microscopic (TEM) indicated that the synthesized compounds exhibited strong and significant binding affinity to TMV coat protein (CP) and could obstruct the self-assembly and increment of TMV particles. Microscale thermophoresis (MST) studies on TMV-CP and CMV CP revealed that some of the active compounds, particularly 5i, exhibited a strong binding capability to TMV-CP or CMV-CP. This study revealed that anthranilic diamide derivatives containing moieties of trifluoromethylpyridine and hydrazone could be used as novel antiviral agents for controlling the plant viruses.

9.
J Dev Orig Health Dis ; : 1-11, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679538

RESUMO

Maternal supraphysiological estradiol (E2) environment during pregnancy leads to adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the influence of oocyte exposure to high E2 levels on perinatal outcomes remains unknown. Thus, a retrospective cohort study was conducted to explore the effect of high E2 level induced by controlled ovarian stimulation (COH) on further outcomes after frozen embryo transfer (FET). The study included all FET cycles (n = 10,581) between 2014 and 2017. All cycles were categorized into three groups according to the E2 level on the day of the human Chorionic Gonadotropin trigger. Odds ratios (ORs) and their confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the association between E2 level during COH and pregnancy outcomes and subsequent neonatal outcomes. From our findings, higher E2 level was associated with lower percentage of chemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, and live birth as well as increased frequency of early miscarriage. Preterm births were more common among singletons in women with higher E2 level during COH (aOR1 = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.22-3.06; aOR2 = 2.05, 95% CI: 1.33-3.06). Incidence of small for gestational age (SGA) was more common in both singletons (aOR1 = 2.01, 95% CI: 1.30-3.11; aOR2 = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.69-3.74) and multiples (aOR1 = 1.58, 95% CI: 1.03-2.45; aOR2 = 1.99, 95% CI: 1.05-3.84) among women with relatively higher E2 level. No association was found between high E2 level during COH and the percentage of macrosomia or large for gestational age. In summary, oocyte exposure to high E2 level during COH should be brought to our attention, since the pregnancy rate decreasing and the risk of preterm birth and SGA increasing following FET.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667476

RESUMO

Although redox reactions of organic contaminants with manganese oxides have been extensively studied, the role of dissolved O2 in these processes has largely been overlooked. In this study, the oxidative degradation of phenol by δ-MnO2 was investigated under both oxic and anoxic conditions. Dissolved O2 inhibited phenol degradation due to its promoting role in the reoxidation and precipitation of reduced Mn(ii) to Mn(iii) on the δ-MnO2 surface, resulting in partial transformation of δ-MnO2 to "c-disordered" H+-birnessite at pH 5.5 and feitknechtite, manganite, and hausmannite at pH 7.0 and 8.5. The reformed Mn(iii) phases could reduce phenol oxidation by blocking reactive sites of δ-MnO2. In addition, dissolved O2 caused a higher degree of particle agglomeration and a more severe specific surface area decrease, and hence lower reactivity of δ-MnO2. These findings revealed that after reductive dissolution by phenol and reoxidation by dissolved O2 throughout continuous redox cycling, δ-MnO2 became less reactive rather than being regenerated. These results can provide new insights into the understanding of the oxidation of organic contaminants by manganese oxides in the natural environment.

11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; : 109941, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761555

RESUMO

The restoration of submerged plants is critical for the reconstruction of eutrophic lake ecosystems. The growth of submerged plants is influenced by many factors. For the first time in this study, the effects of silicate-mineral maifanite supplement on the growth, physiological and phytochemical process of Vallisneria spiralis (V. spiralis) were investigated by an outdoor PVC barrel experiment, to provide a technical reference for further applications in aquatic ecological restoration. The results show that the maifanite could significantly promote the growth of V. spiralis. Specifically, the biomass, height, number of leaves, leaf width, root length, and root activity of V. spiralis in the maifanite-supplemented group were better than those of the control (P < 0.05). Moreover, the modified maifanite group performed better than the raw maifanite group (P < 0.05). The photosynthetic pigment, root activity, and the malondialdehyde and peroxidase activity of the maifanite-treated V. spiralis were better than those of the control to some extent. It was found that maifanite contained abundant major and trace elements, which are required for the growth of V. spiralis. It is concluded that maifanite is beneficial to the growth of V. spiralis and can be further applied to the ecological restoration of eutrophic lakes.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767759

RESUMO

Paleorainfall proxy records from the Middle East have revealed remarkable patterns of variability since the penultimate glacial period (140 ka), but the seasonality of this signal has been unresolvable. Here, seasonal-resolution oxygen isotope data from Soreq Cave speleothems suggest that summer monsoon rainfall periodically reaches as far north as Israel-well removed from the modern monsoon-at times (∼125, 105 ka) that overlap with evidence for some of the earliest modern human migrations out of Africa. These seasonal proxy data are corroborated by seasonal-resolution model output of the amount and oxygen-isotope ratio of rainfall from an isotope-enabled climate model. In contrast to the modern regional climate where rainfall is delivered predominantly in winter months along westerly storm tracks, the model suggests that during extreme peaks of summer insolation-as occurs during the last interglacial (e.g., 125, 105 ka)-regional rainfall increases due to both wetter winters and the incursion of summer monsoons. This interpretation brings clarity to regional paleoproxy records and provides important environmental context along one potential pathway of early modern human migration.

13.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 1301736, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636802

RESUMO

The present study investigated the antiapoptotic and antigenotoxic capabilities of N-acetyl cysteine- (NAC-) containing polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin. An in vitro Transwell insert model was used to mimic the clinical provisional restorations placed on vital teeth. Various parameters associated with cell apoptosis and genotoxicity were investigated to obtain a deeper insight into the underlying mechanisms. The exposure of human dental pulp cell (hDPC) cultures to the PMMA resin (Unifast Trad™) resulted in a rapid increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) level beginning at 1 h, which was followed by time-dependent cell detachment and overt death. The formation of γ-H2AX and cell cycle G1 phase arrest indicated that oxidative DNA damage occurred as a result of the interactions between DNA bases and ROS, beyond the capacities of cellular redox regulation. Such oxidative DNA damage triggers the activation of p53 via the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) signaling pathway and the induction of intrinsic mitochondrial apoptosis. Oxidative stress, cell apoptosis, and DNA damage induced by the PMMA resin were recovered to almost the level of untreated controls by the incorporation of NAC. The results indicate that the PMMA resin induced the intrinsic mitochondrial apoptosis as a consequence of p53 activation via the ATM pathway in response to oxidative DNA damage. More importantly, the incorporation of NAC as a novel component into the Unifast Trad™ PMMA resin offers protective effects against cell apoptosis and genotoxicity. This procedure represents a beneficial strategy for developing more biocompatible PMMA-based resin materials.

14.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596143

RESUMO

Two new highly-oxygenated neo-clerodane diterpenoids, 3S-acetoxyl-mollotucin D dilactone ester (1) and 6S-crotoeurin C (2), and a new lupane-type triterpene, 16ß-hydroxyl-3ß-O-trans-coumaroyl-betulin (6), as well as three known analogues (3-5) were obtained from the leaves of Croton laui. The structures of the new compounds were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods, and their absolute configurations were determined by combination of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra, and literature data. Compounds 2 and 3 exhibited inhibitory activities of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 macrophages with IC50 values of 1.2 and 1.6 µM, respectively. Additionally, compound 6 exhibited activity against Col205 and HepG2 cell lines with IC50 values of 12.9 and 17.7 µM, respectively.

15.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125004, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590025

RESUMO

A simple foaming method was applied to fabricate urea formaldehyde (UF) microspheres with cross-linked porous structures for environmental remediation of heavy metals. The specific surface area and average pore radius of the resultant foamed UF microspheres were 11-29 m2/g and 11-25 nm, respectively, which increased with the increasing molar ratio of formaldehyde to urea. All the foamed UF microspheres showed good removal of heavy metals ions (Pb(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II)) in both single- and mixed-metal solutions. Further investigations of Pb(II) adsorption on a selected UF microspheres showed fast kinetics and relatively high adsorption capacity (21.5 mg/g), which can be attributed to the mesoporous structure and abundance of oxygen surface functional groups of the microspheres. Both experimental and model results showed that chelation or complexation interactions between Pb(II) and the surface functional groups were responsible to the strong adsorption of the heavy metal ions on the microspheres. Hydrochloric acid (0.05 M) successfully desorbed Pb(II) from the post-adsorption microspheres for multiple times and the regenerated microspheres showed high Pb(II) removal rates (>96%) in five adsorption-desorption cycles. With many promising advantages, foamed UF microspheres show great potential as a wastewater treatment agent for heavy metal removal.

16.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 335, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway plays an essential role in CVB3-induced diseases. We previously demonstrated microRNA-21 has potential inhibitory effect on the MAP2K3 which locates upstream of P38 MAPK and was upregulated in mouse hearts upon CVB3 infection. However, the effect and underlying mechanism of miRNA-21 on CVB3 infection remain unclear. METHODS: We detected continuous changes of cellular miRNA-21 and P38 MAPK proteins expression profiling post CVB3 infection in vitro within 12 h. P38 MAPK signaling was inhibited by the specific inhibitor, small interfering RNA and miRNA-21 mimic in vitro, CVB3 replication, cell apoptosis rate and proliferation were detected. Viral load in the mice heart, cardiomyocyte apoptosis rate and histological of the heart were also detected in the mice model of viral myocarditis pretreated with miRNA-21-lentivirus. RESULTS: We observed significant upregulation of miRNA-21 expression followed by suppression of the MAP2K3/P38 MAPK signaling in CVB3-infected Hela cells. The inactivation of the MAP2K3/P38 MAPK signaling by P38 MAPK specific inhibitor, small interfering RNA against MAP2K3, or miRNA-21 overexpression significantly inhibited viral progeny release from CVB3-infected cells. Mechanistically, when compared with control miRNA, miRNA-21 showed no effect on capsid protein VP1 expression and viral load within host cells, while significantly reversing CVB3-induced caspase-3 activation and cell apoptosis rate, further promoting proliferation of infected cells, which indicates the inhibitory effect of miRNA-21 on CVB3 progeny release. In the in vivo study, when compared with control miRNA, miRNA-21 pretreatment remarkably inactivated the MAP2K3/P38 MAPK signaling in mice and protected them against CVB3 infection as evidenced by significantly alleviated cell apoptosis rate, reduced viral titers, necrosis in the heart as well as by remarkably prolonged survival time. CONCLUSIONS: miRNA-21 were reverse correlated with P38 MAPK activation post CVB3 infection, miRNA-21 overexpression significantly inhibited viral progeny release and decreased myocytes apoptosis rate in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that miRNA-21 may serve as a potential therapeutic agent against CVB3 infection through targeting the MAP2K3/P38 MAPK signaling.

17.
Small ; : e1904613, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639269

RESUMO

Understanding the nanoscale friction properties of 2D materials and further manipulating their friction behaviors is of great significance for the development of various micro/nanodevices. Recent studies, taking advantage of the close relationship between friction and surface charges, use an external out-of-plane electric field to control the interfacial friction. Nevertheless, friction increases with the application of the out-of-plane electric field in most cases. Here, an in-plane potential gradient is applied for the investigation of the contribution of electric charges to friction on the surfaces of 2D materials. Experimental results show that the friction between an atomic force microscope tip and the flakes of 2D materials decreases with the application of the in-plane potential gradient, and the higher the potential gradient, the greater the friction decrease. By comparing the in situ atomic-level stick-slip maps before and after the application of the in-plane potential gradient, it is proposed that the promotion of low friction dissipative motion during the stick-slip process owing to the presence of the potential gradient gives rise to the friction reduction. These results not only help to reveal the origin of friction, but also provide a novel way to manipulate friction through an electrically-controlled sliding process.

18.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e030366, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575574

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), originally introduced as add-on to in vitro fertilisation (IVF) for couples with severe male infertility, is in current clinical practice also used in couples with mild male or even unexplained infertility. However, ICSI has involved unresolved concerns regarding the selection and damage to gametes and the health conditions of the offspring, and it is also labour intensive and therefore more expensive than conventional IVF. High-quality well-powered randomised clinical trials (RCTs) comparing ICSI and IVF are lacking. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We propose a multicentre, open-label RCT in 10 reproductive medical centres across China. We will study couples with non-severe male infertility (defined as a semen concentrate 5-15×106/mL or sperm with a progressive motility 10%-32%) scheduled for their first or second ICSI or IVF cycle, as low fertility rate after fertilisation are more frequent in this population, which could lead to controversy about ICSI or conventional IVF for fertilisation. On the day of oocyte retrieval, eligible participants are after informed consent be randomised to undergo either ICSI or conventional IVF in a 1:1 treatment ratio. Other standard assisted reproductive treatments are similar and parallel between two groups. Our primary outcome is ongoing pregnancy leading to live birth after the first cycle with embryo transfer. To demonstrate or refute a difference of 7% between ICSI and conventional IVF, we need to include 2346 women (1173 in each intervention arm). In addition, we will follow-up neonatal outcomes after delivery to identify the influence of ICSI on offspring. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was obtained from Peking University Third Hospital medical science research ethics committee. The findings will be disseminated to the public through conference presentations and peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov registry (NCT03298633).

19.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 180-189, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600595

RESUMO

Low levels of stresses cause eustress while high stressful situations result in distress. Female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) was reared under crowded conditions to mimic the stressful environment of intensive fishery production. Trout was stocked for 300 days with initial densities of 4.6 ±â€¯0.02 (final: 31.1 ±â€¯0.62), 6.6 ±â€¯0.03 (final: 40.6 ±â€¯0.77), and 8.6 ±â€¯0.04 (final: 49.3 ±â€¯1.09) kg/m3 as SD1, SD2 and SD3. We assessed molecular, cellular and organismal parameters to understand the flexibility of neuro-endocrine-immune network during stress. Trout with higher initial density (SD3) displayed the slightly activated hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis with positively increased antioxidant enzyme activities and anti-inflammatory cytokine transcriptions on day 60 or 120. These results indicated that low level of stress was capable of exerting eustress by activating neuro-endocrine-immune network with beneficial adaptation. Transition from eustress to distress was induced by the increased intensity and duration of crowding stress on day 240 and 300. The prolonged activation of HPI axis resulted in suppressed growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor (GH-IGF) axis, up-regulated cytokine transcriptions and severe reactive oxygen species stress. Stress means reset of neuro-endocrine-immune network with energy expenditure and redistribution. Digestive ability of trout with distress was also inhibited on day 240 and 300, indicating a decreased total energy supplement and energy distribution for functions are not necessary for surviving such as growth and reproduction. Consequently, we observed the dyshomeostasis of energy balance and neuro-endocrine-immune network of trout during long-term crowding conditions.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(41): 37531-37540, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507165

RESUMO

The exploration of robust multifunctional electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is a continuing challenge for the sustainable energy sources. However, as the key reactions in renewable metal-air batteries and fuel cells, the energy conversion efficiencies of ORR and OER are greatly affected by their reaction kinetics. In addition to designing excellent electrocatalysts, new methods to stabilize the electrolyte/electrode interfaces are urgently needed. Herein, a hierarchical Co(OH)F/CuCo2S4 hybrid was created as an efficient catalyst for OER and ORR in alkaline media. Combining spinel ferrite with the hydroxide can greatly boost their catalytic performance. The optimal Co(OH)F/CuCo2S4 hybrid exhibits superior OER performance and durable stability, as demonstrated by an ultralow overpotential of 230 mV at 10 mA·cm-2. The onset potential and the half-wave potential in 0.1 M KOH solution for ORR are 0.88 and 0.80 V, respectively. Furthermore, the Co(OH)F/CuCo2S4 hybrid served as a catalyst in Zn air batteries catalyst exhibits a low overpotential of 1.12 V at 50.0 mA·cm-2, large power density of 144 mW·cm-2, and a long electrochemical lifetime of 118 h (118 cycles), which is even better than those of the Pt/C and RuO2 catalysts. The rational integration of spinel and hydroxide at the interface can provide multifunctional electrocatalysis and possess a high reactivity for oxygen conversion. Synergistic coupling effect and interfacial electronic interaction between Co(OH)F and CuCo2S4 can significantly enhance the electron transfer rate, and these synergistic advantages enable the heterogeneous structure of the multifunctional electrocatalyst to produce excellent catalytic performance.

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