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1.
Curr Microbiol ; 81(7): 214, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849626

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-positive actinomycete named YZH12T was isolated from the sediment of the Yangtze River in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China. Cells were aerobic, non-spore forming, non-motile, short rod (0.4-0.6 × 0.5-1.0 µm) or coccus (0.4-0.6 µm in diameter). Colonies were circular, smooth, and beige to yellowish. Growth occurred at 15-42 °C (optimal 28 °C), pH 5.0-9.0 (optimal 7.0), and 0-10% (w/v) NaCl (optimal 2%). The strain could tolerate 1500 mg/L of imazamox. Strain YZH12T showed 98.7% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity Nocardioides zeae JM-1068T and less than 97% similarities with other type strains in the genus Nocardioides. Phylogenetic analysis based on genome and 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain YZH12T was phylogenetically affiliated to the genus Nocardioides and formed a subclade with N. zeae JM-1068T and N. alkalitolerans DSM 16699T. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between YZH12T and closely related type strain N. zeae JM-1068T were 79.9% and 35.2%, respectively. The major fatty acids (> 5%) were C18: 1ω9c, iso-C16: 0, C16: 0, C17: 1ω8cand C18: 0; the major respiratory quinone was MK-8(H4); and the polar lipids profiles were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), glycolipid (GL), two aminophospholipids (APL1, APL2), and an unknown polar lipid (L). The genomic DNA G + C content is 73.5%. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic analyses, and genomic data, strain YZH12T represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides imazamoxiresistens YZH12T is proposed, with strain YZH12T (= KCTC 49964T = MCCC 1K0892T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano , Ácidos Graxos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Esgotos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Esgotos/microbiologia , China , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Actinomycetales/classificação , Actinomycetales/genética , Actinomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia
2.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304615, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between demographic characteristics and perinatal deaths attributable to congenital heart defects (CHDs). METHODS: Data were obtained from the Birth Defects Surveillance System of Hunan Province, China, 2016-2020. The surveillance population included fetuses and infants from 28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after birth whose mothers delivered in the surveillance hospitals. Surveillance data included demographic characteristics such as sex, residence, maternal age, and other key information, and were used to calculate the prevalence of CHDs and perinatal mortality rates (PMR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Multivariable logistic regression analysis (method: Forward, Wald, α = 0.05) and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were used to identify factors associated with perinatal deaths attributable to CHDs. RESULTS: This study included 847755 fetuses, and 4161 CHDs were identified, with a prevalence of 0.49% (95%CI: 0.48-0.51). A total of 976 perinatal deaths attributable to CHDs were identified, including 16 (1.64%) early neonatal deaths and 960 (98.36%) stillbirths, with a PMR of 23.46% (95%CI: 21.98-24.93). In stepwise logistic regression analysis, perinatal deaths attributable to CHDs were more common in rural areas than urban areas (OR = 2.21, 95%CI: 1.76-2.78), more common in maternal age <20 years (OR = 2.40, 95%CI: 1.05-5.47), 20-24 years (OR = 2.13, 95%CI: 1.46-3.11) than maternal age of 25-29 years, more common in 2 (OR = 1.60, 95%CI: 1.18-2.18) or 3 (OR = 1.43, 95%CI: 1.01-2.02) or 4 (OR = 1.84, 95%CI: 1.21-2.78) or > = 5 (OR = 2.02, 95%CI: 1.28-3.18) previous pregnancies than the first pregnancy, and more common in CHDs diagnosed in > = 37 gestional weeks (OR = 77.37, 95%CI: 41.37-144.67) or 33-36 gestional weeks (OR = 305.63, 95%CI: 172.61-541.15) or < = 32 gestional weeks (OR = 395.69, 95%CI: 233.23-671.33) than diagnosed in postnatal period (within 7 days), and less common in multiple births than singletons (OR = 0.48, 95%CI: 0.28-0.80). CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal deaths were common in CHDs in Hunan in 2016-2020. Several demographic characteristics were associated with perinatal deaths attributable to CHDs, which may be summarized mainly as economic and medical conditions, severity of CHDs, and parental attitudes toward CHDs.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Adulto , Gravidez , Morte Perinatal , Prevalência , Mortalidade Perinatal/tendências , Idade Materna , Adulto Jovem , Modelos Logísticos , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Lactente , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4688, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824144

RESUMO

Ultrasmall copper nanoclusters have recently emerged as promising photocatalysts for organic synthesis, owing to their exceptional light absorption ability and large surface areas for efficient interactions with substrates. Despite significant advances in cluster-based visible-light photocatalysis, the types of organic transformations that copper nanoclusters can catalyze remain limited to date. Herein, we report a structurally well-defined anionic Cu40 nanocluster that emits in the second near-infrared region (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) after photoexcitation and can conduct single-electron transfer with fluoroalkyl iodides without the need for external ligand activation. This photoredox-active copper nanocluster efficiently catalyzes the three-component radical couplings of alkenes, fluoroalkyl iodides, and trimethylsilyl cyanide under blue-LED irradiation at room temperature. A variety of fluorine-containing electrophiles and a cyanide nucleophile can be added onto an array of alkenes, including styrenes and aliphatic olefins. Our current work demonstrates the viability of using readily accessible metal nanoclusters to establish photocatalytic systems with a high degree of practicality and reaction complexity.

4.
Brain Res ; 1841: 149085, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876320

RESUMO

As a cutting-edge technology of connecting biological brain and external devices, brain-computer interface (BCI) exhibits promising applications on extensive fields such as medical and military. As for the disable individuals with four limbs losing the motor functions, it is a potential treatment way to drive mechanical equipments by the means of non-invasive BCI, which is badly depended on the accuracy of the decoded electroencephalogram (EEG) singles. In this study, an explanatory convolutional neural network namely EEGNet based on SimAM attention module was proposed to enhance the accuracy of decoding the EEG singles of index and thumb fingers for both left and right hand using sensory motor rhythm (SMR). An average classification accuracy of 72.91% the data of eight healthy subjects was obtained, which were captured from the one second before finger movement to two seconds after action. Furthermore, the character of event-related desynchronization (ERD) and event related synchronization (ERS) of index and thumb fingers was also studied in this study. These findings have significant importance for controlling external devices or other rehabilitation equipment using BCI in a fine way.

5.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1349169, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855450

RESUMO

Introduction: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a prevalent health issue with significant effects on patients' lives. Understanding and attitudes toward mTBI among patients and their families can influence management and outcomes. This study aimed to assess knowledge and attitudes toward mTBI in these groups. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Zhejiang Hospital from July 1, 2023, to September 30, 2023. Patients with mTBI and their family members participated. Data were collected via an online questionnaire covering demographic information and mTBI knowledge and attitudes. Knowledge scores ranged from 0 to 20 and attitude scores from 8 to 40. Multivariate logistic regression identified factors influencing these scores. Results: A total of 573 valid questionnaires were analyzed (289 males, 50.44%; 284 females, 49.56%). Among respondents, 258 (45.03%) had experienced a concussion. Mean knowledge and attitude scores were 11.00 ± 2.75 and 27.78 ± 4.07, respectively. Monthly per capita income of 5,000-10,000 RMB was negatively associated with knowledge and attitude scores (ß = 0.160, 95% CI: [3.245 to 0.210], P = 0.026). Middle school education decreased the likelihood of positive attitudes toward mTBI (OR = 0.378, 95% CI: [0.1630.874], P = 0.023). mTBI due to falls was associated with increased likelihood of positive attitudes (OR = 3.588, 95% CI: [1.274-10.111], P = 0.016). Discussion: Significant gaps in knowledge and attitudes toward mTBI exist among patients and their families, influenced by income and education levels. Personal experience with mTBI from falls correlates with more positive attitudes. These findings highlight the need for targeted educational interventions to improve understanding and attitudes, ultimately enhancing patient care and management. Comprehensive, accessible mTBI education is crucial for fostering positive attitudes and better knowledge among patients and their families.


Assuntos
Família , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Família/psicologia , China , Concussão Encefálica/psicologia , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente
6.
Opt Express ; 32(8): 14116-14132, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859366

RESUMO

Double line self-focusing characteristics of elliptical Airyprime beams (EAPBs) with different elliptical vertical-axis factor ß are investigated by varying the main ring radius r0. Overly large or small r0 results in the inhomogeneous distribution of light intensity at one linear focus of the double line self-focusing. Only when r0 is appropriate and ß is within a certain range, can double uniform line self-focusing happen to the EAPB. Moreover, the self-focusing ability of the second line self-focusing is weaken than that of the first line self-focusing. Under the premise of our selected values of beam parameters, the EAPB can achieve double uniform line self-focusing when r0 = 0.3 mm and ß = 0.58∼0.71. The focal length of the first line self-focusing, the lengths of double linear focus, and the self-focusing abilities of the double uniform line self-focusing can be regulated by varying ß within the range of 0.58∼0.71. If ß is smaller than 0.58 or larger than 0.71, it will lead to nonuniform line self-focusing. An explanation of the physical mechanism behind the double uniform line self-focusing of the EAPB is proposed. Finally, the experimental measurements of the line self-focusing of the EAPB confirm the validity of the above conclusions. This research provides a new solution on how to generate double uniform line self-focusing and new insights into the practical application of elliptical self-focusing beams.

8.
Microvasc Res ; 154: 104697, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801942

RESUMO

Cardiac myxoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor in adults. The histogenesis and cellular composition of myxoma are still unclear. This study aims to reveal the role of myxoma cell components and their gene expression in tumor development. We obtained single living cells by enzymatic digestion of tissues from 4 cases of surgically resected cardiac myxoma. Of course, there was 1 case of glandular myxoma and 3 cases of nonglandular myxoma. Then, 10× single-cell sequencing was performed. We identified 12 types and 11 types of cell populations in glandular myxoma and nonglandular myxoma, respectively. Heterogeneous epithelial cells are the main components of glandular myxoma. The similarities and differences in T cells in both glandular and nonglandular myxoma were analyzed by KEGG and GO. The most important finding was that there was active communication between T cells and epithelial cells. These results clarify the possible tissue occurrence and heterogeneity of cardiac myxoma and provide a theoretical basis and guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas , Mixoma , Análise de Célula Única , Humanos , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/genética , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Mixoma/patologia , Mixoma/genética , Mixoma/cirurgia , Mixoma/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Idoso , Adulto , Comunicação Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Fenótipo
9.
Waste Manag ; 184: 101-108, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38810395

RESUMO

Simulated landfill bioreactors were established and operated for 635 days to investigate the dynamic release of seven siloxanes in landfill biogas (denoted by octamethyltrisiloxane (L3), decamethyltetrasiloxane (L4), dodecamethylpentasiloxane (L5), hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6)). In total, 259.45, 252.73, 233.30, 80.40, 4.35, 1.67 and 1.10 mg of D5, D3, D4, D6, L4, L5 and L3 were discharged from 57 kg of municipal solid waste (MSW). More than 70 % of the siloxanes were released before day 119, indicating that the peak period of siloxane discharge occurred during the hydrolysis and acid production stage. The cyclosiloxanes (D3, D4, D5 and D6) were the dominant siloxane species in the biogas. The mass load of discharged cyclosiloxanes was more than 98 % of that of the total siloxanes. In addition to the variation in the concentration distribution profiles of the different siloxane species in the MSW, transformations among species may have an important effect on the release of siloxanes. The main transformation products were D3 and D4 with high release rates (>20 %) and high measured contents of trimethylsilanol (TMSOH) and functional microorganisms (Pseudomonas) were observed during landfilling. These results suggested that MSW degradation and transformation of siloxanes both drive the dynamic release of siloxanes during long-term landfilling.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Siloxanas , Resíduos Sólidos , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos , Siloxanas/análise , Biocombustíveis/análise , Resíduos Sólidos/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos
10.
Biomaterials ; 310: 122619, 2024 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38805955

RESUMO

The hypometabolic and nutrient-limiting condition of dormant bacteria inside biofilms reduces their susceptibility to antibacterial agents, making the treatment of biofilm-dominating chronic infections difficult. Herein, we demonstrate an intratracheal aerosolized maltohexaose-modified catalase-gallium integrated nanosystem that can 'wake up' dormant Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm to increase the metabolism and nutritional iron demand by reconciling the oxygen gradient. The activated bacteria then enhance suicidal gallium uptake since gallium acts as a 'Trojan horse' to mimic iron. The internalized gallium ions disrupt biofilms by interfering with the physiological processes of iron ion acquisition and utilization, biofilm formation, and quorum sensing. Furthermore, aerosol microsprayer administration and bacteria-specific maltohexaose modification enable accumulation at biofilm-infected lung and targeted release of gallium into bacteria to improve the therapeutic effect. This work provides a potential strategy for treating infection by reversing the dormant biofilm's resistance condition.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Gálio , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Gálio/química , Gálio/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/fisiologia , Animais , Infecções por Pseudomonas/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Pulmão/microbiologia , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Crônica , Ferro/metabolismo
11.
J Neural Eng ; 21(3)2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701773

RESUMO

Objective. Electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis has always been an important tool in neural engineering, and the recognition and classification of human emotions are one of the important tasks in neural engineering. EEG data, obtained from electrodes placed on the scalp, represent a valuable resource of information for brain activity analysis and emotion recognition. Feature extraction methods have shown promising results, but recent trends have shifted toward end-to-end methods based on deep learning. However, these approaches often overlook channel representations, and their complex structures pose certain challenges to model fitting.Approach. To address these challenges, this paper proposes a hybrid approach named FetchEEG that combines feature extraction and temporal-channel joint attention. Leveraging the advantages of both traditional feature extraction and deep learning, the FetchEEG adopts a multi-head self-attention mechanism to extract representations between different time moments and channels simultaneously. The joint representations are then concatenated and classified using fully-connected layers for emotion recognition. The performance of the FetchEEG is verified by comparison experiments on a self-developed dataset and two public datasets.Main results. In both subject-dependent and subject-independent experiments, the FetchEEG demonstrates better performance and stronger generalization ability than the state-of-the-art methods on all datasets. Moreover, the performance of the FetchEEG is analyzed for different sliding window sizes and overlap rates in the feature extraction module. The sensitivity of emotion recognition is investigated for three- and five-frequency-band scenarios.Significance. FetchEEG is a novel hybrid method based on EEG for emotion classification, which combines EEG feature extraction with Transformer neural networks. It has achieved state-of-the-art performance on both self-developed datasets and multiple public datasets, with significantly higher training efficiency compared to end-to-end methods, demonstrating its effectiveness and feasibility.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Emoções , Humanos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Emoções/fisiologia , Aprendizado Profundo , Atenção/fisiologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto
12.
Small ; : e2403681, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38804867

RESUMO

Infected bone defects are one of the most challenging problems in the treatment of bone defects due to the high antibiotic failure rate and the lack of ideal bone grafts. In this paper, inspired by clinical bone cement filling treatment, α-c phosphate (α-TCP) with self-curing properties is composited with ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) and constructed a bionic cancellous bone scaffolding system α/ß-tricalcium phosphate (α/ß-TCP) by low-temperature 3D printing, and gelatin is preserved inside the scaffolds as an organic phase, and later loaded with a metal-polyphenol network structure of tea polyphenol-magnesium (TP-Mg) nanoparticles. The scaffolds mimic the structure and components of cancellous bone with high mechanical strength (>100 MPa) based on α-TCP self-curing properties through low-temperature 3D printing. Meanwhile, the scaffolds loaded with TP-Mg exhibit significant inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) and promote the transition of macrophages from M1 pro-inflammatory to M2 anti-inflammatory phenotype. In addition, the composite scaffold also exhibits excellent bone-enhancing effects based on the synergistic effect of Mg2+ and Ca2+. In this study, a multifunctional ceramic scaffold (α/ß-TCP@TP-Mg) that integrates anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and osteoinduction is constructed, which promotes late bone regenerative healing while modulating the early microenvironment of infected bone defects, has a promising application in the treatment of infected bone defects.

13.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38805037

RESUMO

In this prospective, multicenter, Phase 2 clinical trial (NCT02987244), patients with peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) who had responded to first-line chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin or epirubicin, vincristine or vindesine, etoposide, and prednisone (Chi-CHOEP) were treated by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) or with chidamide maintenance or observation. A total of 85 patients received one of the following interventions: ASCT (n = 15), chidamide maintenance (n = 44), and observation (n = 26). estimated 3 PFS and OS rates were 85.6%, 80.8%, and 49.4% (P = 0.001). The two-year OS rates were 85.6%, 80.8%, and 69.0% (P = 0.075).The ASCT and chidamide maintenance groups had significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) than the observation group (P = 0.001, and P = 0.01, respectively). The overall survival (OS) differed significantly between the chidamide maintenance group and the observation group ( P = 0.041). The multivariate and propensity score matching analyses for PFS revealed better outcomes in the subjects in the chidamide maintenance than observation groups (P = 0.02). The ASCT and chidamide maintenance groups had significant survival advantages over the observation group. In the post-remission stage of the untreated PTCL patients, single-agent chidamide maintenance demonstrated superior PFS and better OS than observation. Our findings highlight the potential benefit of chidamide in this patient subset, warranting further investigation through larger prospective trials. Clinical trial registration: clinicaltrial.gov, NCT02987244. Registered 8 December 2016, http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02987244 .

14.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 15(5)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38793158

RESUMO

As a cutting-edge technology, animal robots based on living organisms are being extensively studied, with potential for diverse applications in the fields of neuroscience, national security, and civil rescue. However, it remains a significant challenge to reliably control the animal robots with the objective of protecting their long-term survival, and this has seriously hindered their practical implementation. To address this issue, this work explored the use of a bio-friendly neurostimulation system that includes integrated stimulation electrodes together with a remote wireless stimulation circuit to control the moving behavior of rat robots. The integrated electrodes were implanted simultaneously in four stimulation sites, including the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) and primary somatosensory cortex, barrel field (S1BF). The control system was able to provide flexibility in adjusting the following four stimulation parameters: waveform, amplitude, frequency, and duration time. The optimized parameters facilitated the successful control of the rat's locomotion, including forward movement and left and right turns. After training for a few cycles, the rat robots could be guided along a designated route to complete the given mission in a maze. Moreover, it was found that the rat robots could survive for more than 20 days with the control system implanted. These findings will ensure the sustained and reliable operation of the rat robots, laying a robust foundation for advances in animal robot regulation technology.

15.
Microsyst Nanoeng ; 10: 64, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38784374

RESUMO

Flexible sensors have been widely studied for use in motion monitoring, human‒machine interactions (HMIs), personalized medicine, and soft intelligent robots. However, their practical application is limited by their low output performance, narrow measuring range, and unidirectional force detection. Here, to achieve flexibility and high performance simultaneously, we developed a flexible wide-range multidimensional force sensor (FWMFS) similar to bones embedded in muscle structures. The adjustable magnetic field endows the FWMFS with multidimensional perception for detecting forces in different directions. The multilayer stacked coils significantly improved the output from the µV to the mV level while ensuring FWMFS miniaturization. The optimized FWMFS exhibited a high voltage sensitivity of 0.227 mV/N (0.5-8.4 N) and 0.047 mV/N (8.4-60 N) in response to normal forces ranging from 0.5 N to 60 N and could detect lateral forces ranging from 0.2-1.1 N and voltage sensitivities of 1.039 mV/N (0.2-0.5 N) and 0.194 mV/N (0.5-1.1 N). In terms of normal force measurements, the FWMFS can monitor finger pressure and sliding trajectories in response to finger taps, as well as measure plantar pressure for assessing human movement. The plantar pressure signals of five human movements collected by the FWMFS were analyzed using the k-nearest neighbors classification algorithm, which achieved a recognition accuracy of 92%. Additionally, an artificial intelligence biometric authentication system is being developed that classifies and recognizes user passwords. Based on the lateral force measurement ability of the FWMFS, the direction of ball movement can be distinguished, and communication systems such as Morse Code can be expanded. This research has significant potential in intelligent sensing and personalized spatial recognition.

16.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1309: 342698, 2024 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) is widely employed as a point-of-care testing (POCT) technique. However, its limited sensitivity hinders its application in detecting biomarkers with low abundance. Recently, the utilization of nanozymes has been implemented to enhance the sensitivity of LFIA by catalyzing the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB). The catalytic performance of nanozymes plays a crucial role in influencing the sensitivity of LFIA. RESULTS: The Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc-Pd@Pt (CO-Pd@Pt) nanozyme with good peroxidase-like activity was synthesized herein through a facile one-pot method employing Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc extract as a reducing agent. The morphology and composition of the CO-Pd@Pt nanozyme were characterized using TEM, SEM, XRD, and XPS. As a proof of concept, the as-synthesized CO-Pd@Pt nanozyme was utilized in LFIA (CO-Pd@Pt-LFIA) for the detection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Compared to conventional gold nanoparticles-based LFIA (AuNPs-LFIA), CO-Pd@Pt-LFIA demonstrated a significant enhancement in the limit of detection (LOD, 0.08 mIU/mL), which is approximately 160 times lower than that of AuNPs-LFIA. Furthermore, experiments evaluating accuracy, precision, selectivity, interference, and stability have confirmed the practical applicability of CO-Pd@Pt-LFIA for hCG content determination. SIGNIFICANCE: The present study presents a novel approach for the synthesis of bimetallic nanozymes through environmentally friendly methods, utilizing plant extracts as both protective and reducing agents. Additionally, an easily implementable technique is proposed to enhance signal detection in lateral flow immunoassays.


Assuntos
Paládio , Platina , Paládio/química , Platina/química , Imunoensaio/métodos , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Limite de Detecção , Peroxidase/química , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Benzidinas/química , Catálise , Oxirredução
17.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 13(5)2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38790704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The discovery of traditional plants' medicinal and nutritional properties has opened up new avenues for developing pharmaceutical and dietary strategies to prevent atherosclerosis. However, the effect of the antioxidant Dendrobium officinale polysaccharide (DOP) on atherosclerosis is still not elucidated. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the inhibitory effect and the potential mechanism of DOP on high-fat diet-induced atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The identification of DOP was measured by high-performance gel permeation chromatography (HPLC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). We used high-fat diet (HFD)-induced atherosclerosis in ApoE-/- mice as an animal model. In the DOP intervention stage, the DOP group was treated by gavage with 200 µL of 200 mg/kg DOP at regular times each day and continued for eight weeks. We detected changes in serum lipid profiles, inflammatory factors, anti-inflammatory factors, and antioxidant capacity to investigate the effect of the DOP on host metabolism. We also determined microbial composition using 16S rRNA gene sequencing to investigate whether the DOP could improve the structure of the gut microbiota in atherosclerotic mice. RESULTS: DOP effectively inhibited histopathological deterioration in atherosclerotic mice and significantly reduced serum lipid levels, inflammatory factors, and malondialdehyde (F/B) production. Additionally, the levels of anti-inflammatory factors and the activity of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), were significantly increased after DOP intervention. Furthermore, we found that DOP restructures the gut microbiota composition by decreasing the Firmicutes/Bacteroidota (F/B) ratio. The Spearman's correlation analysis indicated that serum lipid profiles, antioxidant activity, and pro-/anti-inflammatory factors were associated with Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, Allobaculum, and Coriobacteriaceae_UCG-002. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that DOP has the potential to be developed as a food prebiotic for the treatment of atherosclerosis in the future.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771516

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Accumulating evidence suggests that neurotensin (NTS) and neurotensin receptors (NTSRs) play key roles in lung cancer progression by triggering multiple oncogenic signaling pathways. This study aims to develop Cu-labeled neurotensin receptor 1 (NTSR1)-targeting agents with the potential for both imaging and therapeutic applications. METHOD: A series of neurotensin receptor antagonists (NRAs) with variable propylamine (PA) linker length and different chelators were synthesized, including [64Cu]Cu-CB-TE2A-iPA-NRA ([64Cu]Cu-4a-c, i = 1, 2, 3), [64Cu]Cu-NOTA-2PA-NRA ([64Cu]Cu-4d), [64Cu]Cu-DOTA-2PA-NRA ([64Cu]Cu-4e, also known as [64Cu]Cu-3BP-227), and [64Cu]Cu-DOTA-VS-2PA-NRA ([64Cu]Cu-4f). The series of small animal PET/CT were conducted in H1299 lung cancer model. The expression profile of NTSR1 was also confirmed by IHC using patient tissue samples. RESULTS: For most of the compounds studied, PET/CT showed prominent tumor uptake and high tumor-to-background contrast, but the tumor retention was strongly influenced by the chelators used. For previously reported 4e, [64Cu]Cu-labeled derivative showed initial high tumor uptake accompanied by rapid tumor washout at 24 h. The newly developed [64Cu]Cu-4d and [64Cu]Cu-4f demonstrated good tumor uptake and tumor-to-background contrast at early time points, but were less promising in tumor retention. In contrast, our lead compound [64Cu]Cu-4b demonstrated 9.57 ± 1.35, 9.44 ± 2.38 and 9.72 ± 4.89%ID/g tumor uptake at 4, 24, and 48 h p.i., respectively. Moderate liver uptake (11.97 ± 3.85, 9.80 ± 3.63, and 7.72 ± 4.68%ID/g at 4, 24, and 48 h p.i.) was observed with low uptake in most other organs. The PA linker was found to have a significant effect on drug distribution. Compared to [64Cu]Cu-4b, [64Cu]Cu-4a had a lower background, including a greatly reduced liver uptake, while the tumor uptake was only moderately reduced. Meanwhile, [64Cu]Cu-4c showed increased uptake in both the tumor and the liver. The clinical relevance of NTSR1 was also demonstrated by the elevated tumor expression in patient tissue samples. CONCLUSIONS: Through the side-by-side comparison, [64Cu]Cu-4b was identified as the lead agent for further evaluation based on its high and sustained tumor uptake and moderate liver uptake. It can not only be used to efficiently detect NTSR1 expression in lung cancer (for diagnosis, patient screening, and treatment monitoring), but also has the great potential to treat NTSR-positive lesions once chelating to the beta emitter 67Cu.

19.
Mil Med Res ; 11(1): 33, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816888

RESUMO

Orthopedic conditions have emerged as global health concerns, impacting approximately 1.7 billion individuals worldwide. However, the limited understanding of the underlying pathological processes at the cellular and molecular level has hindered the development of comprehensive treatment options for these disorders. The advent of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) technology has revolutionized biomedical research by enabling detailed examination of cellular and molecular diversity. Nevertheless, investigating mechanisms at the single-cell level in highly mineralized skeletal tissue poses technical challenges. In this comprehensive review, we present a streamlined approach to obtaining high-quality single cells from skeletal tissue and provide an overview of existing scRNA-seq technologies employed in skeletal studies along with practical bioinformatic analysis pipelines. By utilizing these methodologies, crucial insights into the developmental dynamics, maintenance of homeostasis, and pathological processes involved in spine, joint, bone, muscle, and tendon disorders have been uncovered. Specifically focusing on the joint diseases of degenerative disc disease, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis using scRNA-seq has provided novel insights and a more nuanced comprehension. These findings have paved the way for discovering novel therapeutic targets that offer potential benefits to patients suffering from diverse skeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Doenças Ósseas/terapia , Doenças Ósseas/fisiopatologia , Osso e Ossos , Biologia Computacional/métodos
20.
Food Chem ; 452: 139501, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728887

RESUMO

To clarify the change mechanism of biological activity and physicochemical characteristics in Lacticaseibacillus paracasei JY025 fortified milk powder (LFMP) during storage, morphological observation, JY025 survival, storage stability, and metabolomics of LFMP were determined during the storage period in this study. The results showed that the LFMP had a higher survival rate of JY025 compared with the bacterial powder of JY025 (LBP) during storage, which suggested that milk powder matrix could reduce strain JY025 mortality under prolonged storage in the LFMP samples. The fortification of strain JY025 also affected the stability of milk powder during the storage period. There was lower water activity and higher glass transition temperature in LFMP samples compared with blank control milk powder (BCMP) during storage. Moreover, the metabolomics results of LFMP indicated that vitamin degradation, Maillard reaction, lipid oxidation, tricarboxylic acid cycle, and lactobacilli metabolism are interrelated and influence each other to create complicated metabolism networks.


Assuntos
Armazenamento de Alimentos , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei , Leite , Pós , Animais , Leite/química , Leite/metabolismo , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei/metabolismo , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei/química , Pós/química , Alimentos Fortificados/análise
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