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1.
Oncogene ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744954

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is one of the most prevalent types of cancer. Ubiquitination is crucial in modulating cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis in cancer. The frequency of TP53 mutations in LUAD is approximately 50%. Currently, therapeutic targets for wild-type (WT) p53-expressing LUAD are limited. In the present study, we systemically explored the expression of ubiquitin-specific protease genes using public datasets. Then, we focused on ubiquitin-specific protease 54 (USP54), and explored its prognostic significance in LUAD patients using public datasets, analyses, and an independent cohort from our center. We found that the expression of USP54 was lower in LUAD tissues compared with that in the paracancerous tissues. Low USP54 expression levels were linked to a malignant phenotype and worse survival in patients with LUAD. The results of functional experiments revealed that up-regulation of USP54 suppressed LUAD cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. USP54 directly interacted with p53 protein and the levels of ubiquitinated p53 were inversely related to USP54 levels, consistent with a role of USP54 in deubiquitinating p53 in p53-WT LUAD cells. Moreover, up-regulation of the USP54 expression inhibited aerobic glycolysis in LUAD cells. Importantly, we confirmed that USP54 inhibited aerobic glycolysis and the growth of tumor cells by a p53-mediated decrease in glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) expression in p53-WT LUAD cells. Altogether, we determined a novel mechanism of survival in the p53-WT LUAD cells to endure the malnourished tumor microenvironment and provided insights into the role of USP54 in the adaptation of p53-WT LUAD cells to metabolic stress.

2.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 1781-1790, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736433

RESUMO

Carbapenem-resistant Salmonella enterica (S. enterica) pose a significant threat to public health, causing gastroenteritis and invasive infections. We report the first emergence of a carbapenem-resistant S. enterica serovar London strain, A132, carrying the blaNDM-5 gene in China. Whole-genome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis assigned A132 to be ST155, a multidrug-resistant clone frequently reported in China. The strain A132 exhibited resistance to multiple antibiotics, with 20 acquired antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) identified, predominantly located on the IncFIB plasmid (pA132-1-NDM). Notably, the blaNDM-5 gene was located within an IS26 flanked-class 1 integron-ISCR1 complex, comprising two genetic cassettes. One cassette is the class 1 integron, which may facilitate the transmission of the entire complex, while the other is the blaNDM-5-containing ISCR1-IS26-flanked cassette, carrying multiple other ARGs. Genbank database search based on the blaNDM-5-carrying cassette identified a similar genetic context found in transmissible IncFIA plasmids from Escherichia coli (p91) and Enterobacter hormaechei (p388) with a shared host range, suggesting the potential for cross-species transmission of blaNDM-5. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Salmonella serovar London ST155 harboring blaNDM-5 gene. Phylogenetic analysis indicated a close relationship between A132 and eight S. London ST155 strains isolated from the same province. However, A132 differed by carrying the blaNDM-5 gene and four unique ARGs. Given the high transmissibility of the F-type plasmid harboring blaNDM-5 and 18 other ARGs, it is imperative to implement vigilant surveillance and adopt appropriate infection control measures to mitigate the threat to public health.

3.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 13(4): 821-838, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736484

RESUMO

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, and lymph node dissection (LND) is a significant surgical procedure employed in its management. Although some studies suggest benefits of LND, the extent of its impact on survival, the optimal range of lymph nodes to be examined, and the specific patient groups that benefit most remain areas of active debate and investigation. Methods: A population-based analysis was conducted using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients diagnosed with NSCLC between 2004 and 2017, undergoing primary tumor resection, were included. Descriptive, univariate, and multivariate analyses assessed the effect of LND on survival, and a restricted cubic spline method determined the optimal range for lymph node examination. Results: This study of 37,323 NSCLC patients delved into the impact of LND on lung cancer-specific survival. Key findings revealed a median survival of 19.58 months, with 85% mortality. Baseline characteristics included a majority of White patients (81%), distant stage diagnoses (63%), and 64% with Grade IV tumors. LND emerged as a crucial predictor, influencing survival across age, gender, race, and tumor characteristics. Univariate analysis highlighted its significance, with higher T, N, and M categories, advanced stage, and poorer grade associating with elevated hazard ratios. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards (PH) analysis reinforced LND's impact, showcasing lower hazard ratios post-removal. Hazard ratios for biopsy/aspiration and removal of regional lymph nodes were 0.85 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.81-0.89; P<0.001] and 0.43 (95% CI: 0.39-0.46; P<0.001), underscoring the protective effect. Visualizations and a U-shaped curve analysis identified an optimal range (24-32 nodes) for examination, emphasizing the nuanced benefits across NSCLC stages. Conclusions: The study findings suggest that LND plays a critical role in improving cancer-specific survival in NSCLC patients, particularly when tailored to the early stages of the disease. The optimal range of lymph nodes examined, between 24 and 32, offers crucial insights for personalized NSCLC treatment strategies and may enhance overall survival. These results underscore the need for refined surgical guidelines that incorporate the extent of LND, supporting the utility of a more personalized approach in NSCLC management.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(19): e38082, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728504

RESUMO

The efficacy of surgical intervention for perianal infection in patients with hematologic malignancies is not well established. Therefore, our study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy and complications of surgical treatment of perianal infection in patients with hematologic malignancies. This retrospective study included patients with hematological malignancies who were diagnosed with perianal infections and treated at the China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation 731 Hospital between 2018 and 2022. Patient characteristics, hematological data, surgical intervention, and complications, including recurrence and mortality, were analyzed. This study included 156 patients with leukemia aged 2 months to 71 years who were treated surgically for perianal infection, comprising 94 males and 62 females. Perianal infection included 36 cases of abscesses, 91 anal fistulas, and 29 anal fissures accompanied by infection. A total of 36 patients developed severe complications postoperatively, including 4 patients who died, 6 patients with severe incision bleeding, 18 patients with severe pain, 6 patients with sepsis, 12 patients who needed reoperation, 15 patients with hospitalization for more than 2 weeks, and 3 patients with anal stenosis; none of the patients developed anal incontinence. Additionally, risk factors for postoperative complications of perianal infection in patients with hematologic malignancies include leukopenia, agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia, depth of abscess and not undergone an MRI. Surgical intervention may improve the prognosis of patients with perianal abscess formation, particularly in patients who show no improvement with medical therapy and those who develop perianal sepsis. Granulocytopenia and thrombocytopenia should be improved before surgery, which can significantly reduce postoperative complications. Although these findings are from a case series without a comparator, they may be of value to physicians because to the best of our knowledge, no randomized or prospective studies have been conducted on the management of perianal infections in patients with hematological malignancies.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/cirurgia , Abscesso/cirurgia , Abscesso/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Doenças do Ânus/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Lactente , Fístula Retal/cirurgia , Fístula Retal/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fissura Anal/cirurgia
5.
Nano Lett ; 24(19): 5847-5854, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700109

RESUMO

We report a new design of polymer phenylacetylene (PA) ligands and the ligand exchange methodology for colloidal noble metal nanoparticles (NPs). PA-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) can bind to metal NPs through acetylide (M-C≡C-R) that affords a high grafting density. The ligand-metal interaction can be switched between σ bonding and extended π backbonding by changing grafting conditions. The σ bonding of PEG-PA with NPs is strong and it can compete with other capping ligands including thiols, while the π backbonding is much weaker. The σ bonding is also demonstrated to improve the catalytic performance of Pd for ethanol oxidation and prevent surface absorption of the reaction intermediates. Those unique binding characteristics will enrich the toolbox in the control of colloidal surface chemistry and their applications using polymer ligands.

6.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-10, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764305

RESUMO

Nutritional status is an essential factor in the occurrence of complications in patients with esophageal cancer. We sought to assess the relationship between malnutrition and complications using various nutritional assessment indicators. We conducted a comprehensive literature search of medical databases for articles published up to July 2023. The primary outcome indicator is the occurrence of complications, for which we combined 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and odds ratios (ORs) for postoperative complications and analyzed them using a random effects model. The analysis was carried out using STATA15.0 software. A total of 33 study groups from 22 publications with 5,675 subjects were included. Pooled results show that nutritional indicators are strongly correlated with the occurrence of postoperative complications (OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.30-1.62). In the subgroup analyses, comprehensive indicators and the skeletal muscle index were significantly associated with complications, whereas laboratory indicators were not associated with complications (comprehensive indicators OR = 2.68, 95% CI: 1.80-4.00; skeletal muscle index OR = 2.93, 95% CI: 1.44-5.99; laboratory indicators OR = 1.05, 95% CI: 0.96-1.16). Patients with normal body mass index and hospitalized patients were more likely to develop complications. Malnutrition is strongly associated with the development of complications. Nutritional indicators and patient characteristics influenced this relationship.

7.
Gac Sanit ; 38: 102397, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of social health insurance programs in reducing inequality in the incidence and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) of cancer patients in China. METHOD: A convenient sample of 2534 cancer patients treated in nine hospitals in 2015 and 2016 were followed up through face-to-face interviews in March-December 2018. The incidence and intensity (mean positive overshoot) of CHE (≥ 40% household consumption) were calculated. RESULTS: About 72% of cancer patients experienced CHE events after insurance compensation, with the catastrophic mean positive overshoot amounting to 28.27% (SD: 15.83%) of the household consumption. Overall, social insurance contributed to a small percentage of drop in CHE events. Income-related inequality in CHE persisted before and after insurance compensation. Richer patients benefit more than poorer ones. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer treatment is associated with high incidence of CHE events in China. The alleviating effect of social health insurance on CHE events is limited.

8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 273: 116490, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772136

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease profoundly compromises patients' daily lives, and the disassembly of α-synuclein aggregates, a primary pathological factor, represents a promising therapeutic approach. In this study, we conducted a systematic screening and optimization process to identify the novel scaffold B37, a 4-triazolyl-phenylamine derivative, exhibiting a potent disassembly activity of 1.1 µM against α-synuclein preformed fibrils. Notably, B37 demonstrated significant neuroprotective effects, ameliorated autophagic dysfunction induced by preformed fibrils, mitigated oxidative stress, and restored the co-localization of preformed fibrils with lysosomes. Transmission electron microscopy corroborated its in vitro disassembly function. Pharmacokinetic profiling revealed favorable parameters with a receptible blood-brain barrier permeability. B37 emerges as a promising lead compound for further optimization, aiming to develop a highly effective agent targeting the disassembly of α-synuclein aggregates to treat neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132472, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772455

RESUMO

The two most active disulfide bond isomers of the analgesic αO-conotoxin GeXIVA, namely GeXIVA[1, 2] and GeXIVA[1, 4], were subjected to Asp-scanning mutagenesis to determine the key amino acid residues for activity at the rat α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR). These studies revealed the key role of arginine residues for the activity of GeXIVA isomers towards the α9α10 nAChR. Based on these results, additional analogues with 2-4 mutations were designed and tested. The analogues [T1A,D14A,V28K]GeXIVA[1, 2] and [D14A,I23A,V28K]GeXIVA[1, 4] were developed and showed sub-nanomolar activity for the α9α10 nAChR with IC50 values of 0.79 and 0.38 nM. The latter analogue had exceptional selectivity for the α9α10 receptor subtype over other nAChR subtypes and can be considered as a drug candidate for further development. Molecular dynamics of receptor-ligand complexes allowed us to make deductions about the possible causes of increases in the affinity of key GeXIVA[1, 4] mutants for the α9α10 nAChR.

10.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 9(5): 657-662, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38774188

RESUMO

Rhizopus microsporus Tiegh. 1875 is widely used in a variety of industries, such as brewing, wine making, baking, and medicine production, as it has the capability to break down proteins and generate surface-active agents. To date, the mitochondrial genome features of early evolved fungi from the Rhizopus genus have not been extensively studied. Our research obtained a full mitochondrial genome of R. microsporus species, which was 43,837 bp in size and had a GC content of 24.93%. This genome contained 14 core protein-coding genes, 3 independent ORFs, 7 intronic ORFs, 24 tRNAs, and 2 rRNA genes. Through the use of the BI phylogenetic inference method, we were able to create phylogenetic trees for 25 early differentiation fungi which strongly supported the major clades; this indicated that R. microsporus is most closely related to Rhizopus oryzae.

12.
Brain ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701344

RESUMO

The implication of 5-hydroxytryptamine 2C receptor (5-HT2CR) in depression is a topic of debate, and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. We now elucidate hippocampal excitation-inhibition (E/I) balance underlies the regulatory effects of 5-HT2CR in depression. Molecular biological analyses showed that chronic mild stress (CMS) reduced the expression of 5-HT2CR in hippocampus. We revealed that inhibition of 5-HT2CR induced depressive-like behaviors, reduced GABA release and shifted the E/I balance towards excitation in CA3 pyramidal neurons by using behavioral analyses, microdialysis coupled with mass spectrum, and electrophysiological recording. Moreover, 5-HT2CR modulated neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand of nNOS (CAPON) interaction through influencing intracellular Ca2+ release, as determined by fiber photometry and coimmunoprecipitation. Notably, disruption of nNOS-CAPON by specific small molecule compound ZLc-002 or AAV-CMV-CAPON-125C-GFP, abolished 5-HT2CR inhibition-induced depressive-like behaviors, as well as the impairment in soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex assembly-mediated GABA vesicle release and a consequent E/I imbalance. Importantly, optogenetic inhibition of CA3 GABAergic neurons prevented the effects of AAV-CMV-CAPON-125C-GFP on depressive behaviors in the presence of 5-HT2CR antagonist. Conclusively, our findings disclose the regulatory role of 5-HT2CR in depressive-like behaviors and highlight the hippocampal nNOS-CAPON coupling-triggered E/I imbalance as a pivotal cellular event underpinning the behavioral consequences of 5-HT2CR inhibition.

13.
Nat Metab ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702440

RESUMO

Acetate, a precursor of acetyl-CoA, is instrumental in energy production, lipid synthesis and protein acetylation. However, whether acetate reprogrammes tumour metabolism and plays a role in tumour immune evasion remains unclear. Here, we show that acetate is the most abundant short-chain fatty acid in human non-small cell lung cancer tissues, with increased tumour-enriched acetate uptake. Acetate-derived acetyl-CoA induces c-Myc acetylation, which is mediated by the moonlighting function of the metabolic enzyme dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase. Acetylated c-Myc increases its stability and subsequent transcription of the genes encoding programmed death-ligand 1, glycolytic enzymes, monocarboxylate transporter 1 and cell cycle accelerators. Dietary acetate supplementation promotes tumour growth and inhibits CD8+ T cell infiltration, whereas disruption of acetate uptake inhibits immune evasion, which increases the efficacy of anti-PD-1-based therapy. These findings highlight a critical role of acetate promoting tumour growth beyond its metabolic role as a carbon source by reprogramming tumour metabolism and immune evasion, and underscore the potential of controlling acetate metabolism to curb tumour growth and improve the response to immune checkpoint blockade therapy.

14.
Psychiatry Investig ; 21(4): 387-395, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy and safety of clonidine adhesive patch in Tourette syndrome (TS) patients with comorbid attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study was conducted on a sample of children and adolescents with TS who had comorbid ADHD between May 2012 and March 2015. The patients were diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition, and were randomly assigned to four different dose groups: 1.0 mg/week, 1.5 mg/week, 2.0 mg/week and placebo group, and the symptom was evaluated by Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Rating Scale, Version IV (SNAP-IV) and Yale Global Tic Severity Scale scales every 2 weeks. The primary outcome was tic disorders (TD) effective rate at week 8. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-seven TS patients with comorbid ADHD in 2.0 mg/week (n=35), 1.5 mg/week (n=27), 1.0 mg/week (n=36) and placebo groups (n=29) were included in this subgroup analysis. The TD effective rate of the 2.0 mg, 1.5 mg, and 1.0 mg groups at week 8 were significantly better than that in placebo group (85.7%, 81.5%, and 86.1% vs. 20.7%, all p<0.0001). All groups demonstrated significant improvements in SNAP-IV total scale scores compared to baseline (p=0.0004), with treatment groups showing only a trend for better performance compared to placebo group at week 8, without statistical differences (22.1±15.41, 21.3±11.96, and 21.2±12.48 vs. 26.0±13.37, p=0.3385). A total of 9 adverse reactions occurred, all recovered spontaneously without additional medication. CONCLUSION: Clonidine adhesive patch could safely and effectively reduce the tic symptoms of TS patients with comorbid ADHD, and might be potentially helpful in the ADHD symptoms control.

15.
Thorac Cancer ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alterations in epigenetic factors are recognized as key contributors to the emergence of human cancer. The active and reversible alteration of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA is crucial for controlling gene activity and determining cellular destiny. Even with these insights, the triggering of KIAA1429 (also called VIRMA) and its role in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is mostly unclear. As a result, the objective of this study was to elucidate how KIAA1429 contributes to cancer development in LUAD. METHODS: This study utilized multiple methods for investigation, encompassing the in vitro functional examination of KIAA1429 in lung adenocarcinoma cells, transcriptome sequencing, methylation RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq), as well as RNA stability tests to ascertain the half-life and stability of the target genes. RESULTS: The results indicated that modifying the expression of KIAA1429 regulated the proliferation and metastasis of LUAD. By employing transcriptome sequencing alongside MeRIP-seq analysis, the research pinpointed genes affected by m6A alterations triggered by KIAA1429. In a more detailed manner, it was discovered that KIAA1429 plays a regulatory role in the expression of ARHGAP30. Suppressing KIAA1429 results in reduced m6A levels in the mRNA of the target gene ARHGAP30, boosting its stability and expression, thus inhibiting tumor proliferation and metastasis. CONCLUSION: This study revealed the activation mechanism and pivotal function of KIAA1429 in LUAD tumor development, paving the way for molecular-based interventions for LUAD.

16.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 7(5): e2003, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mid-rectal cancer treatment traditionally involves conventional laparoscopic-assisted resection (CLAR). This study aimed to assess the clinical and therapeutic advantages of Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction Surgery (NOSES) over CLAR. AIMS: To compare the clinical outcomes, intraoperative metrics, postoperative recovery, complications, and long-term prognosis between NOSES and CLAR groups. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 136 patients were analyzed, with 92 undergoing CLAR and 44 undergoing NOSES. Clinical outcomes were evaluated, and propensity score matching (PSM) was employed to control potential biases. RESULTS: The NOSES group exhibited significant improvements in postoperative recovery, including lower pain scores on days 1, 3, and 5 (p < .001), reduced need for additional analgesics (p = .02), shorter hospital stays (10.8 ± 2.3 vs. 14.2 ± 5.3 days; p < .001), and decreased intraoperative blood loss (48.1 ± 52.7 mL vs. 71.0 ± 55.0 mL; p = .03). Patients undergoing NOSES also reported enhanced satisfaction with postoperative abdominal appearance and better quality of life. Additionally, the NOSES approach resulted in fewer postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: While long-term outcomes (overall survival, disease-free survival, and local recurrence rates) were comparable between the two methods, NOSES demonstrated superior postoperative outcomes compared to CLAR in mid-rectal cancer treatment, while maintaining similar long-term oncological safety. These findings suggest that NOSES could serve as an effective alternative to CLAR without compromising long-term results.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Feminino , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Qualidade de Vida , Pontuação de Propensão
17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761180

RESUMO

Despite its prevalence, preeclampsia (PE) remains unclear as to its etiology. Here, we aimed to investigate the mechanisms regulating differences in the gene expression of zinc-finger protein 516 (ZNF516) in the placenta. The expression of the placental ZNF516 gene and its association with critical clinical markers were verified, and a rigorous correlation analysis was conducted. With a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, microRNA targeting the ZNF516 gene was predicted and confirmed. Finally, the molecular processes associated with ZNF516 were explored via microarray and bioinformatic analyses. In hypoxic conditions, miR-371-5p expression was reduced, resulting in ZNF516 expression being induced. Moreover, ZNF516 was shown to hinder trophoblast cell migration and invasion while enhancing trophoblast cell death in various in vitro cellular assays, such as cell counting kit-8, colony formation, wound healing, and Transwell assays. Our findings reveal a new regulatory network facilitated by ZNF516. ZNF516 overexpression inhibits trophoblast growth, movement, and penetration, potentially causing problems with placenta formation with the help of miR-371-5p suppression.

18.
Med ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) involves all individuals attaining accessible health interventions at an affordable cost. We examined current patterns and temporal trends of cancer mortality and UHC across sociodemographic index (SDI) settings, and quantified these association. METHODS: We used data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 and Our World in Data. The UHC effective coverage index was obtained to assess the potential population health gains delivered by health systems. The estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated to quantify the trend of cancer age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR). A generalized linear model was applied to estimate the association between ASMR and UHC. FINDINGS: The high (EAPC = -0.9% [95% CI, -1.0%, -0.9%]) and high-middle (-0.9% [-1.0%, -0.8%]) SDI regions had the fastest decline in ASMR (per 100,000) for total cancers from 1990 to 2019. The overall UHC effective coverage index increased by 27.9% in the high-SDI quintile to 62.2% in the low-SDI quintile. A negative association was observed between ASMR for all-cancer (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.87 [0.76, 0.99]), stomach (0.73 [0.56, 0.95]), breast (0.64 [0.52, 0.79]), cervical (0.42 [0.30, 0.60]), lip and oral cavity (0.55 [0.40, 0.75]), and nasopharynx (0.42 [0.26, 0.68]) cancers and high UHC level (the lowest as the reference). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings strengthen the evidence base for achieving UHC to improve cancer outcomes. FUNDING: This work is funded by the China National Natural Science Foundation and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Innovation Fund for Medical Science.

19.
Lancet Reg Health Southeast Asia ; 24: 100316, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756166

RESUMO

This paper outlines the process undertaken by Asian National Cancer Centers Alliance (ANCCA) members in working towards an Asian Code Against Cancer (ACAC). The process involves: (i) identification of the criteria for selecting the existing set of national recommendations for ACAC (ii) compilation of existing national codes or recommendations on cancer prevention (iii) reviewing the scientific evidence on cancer risk factors in Asia and (iv) establishment of one or more ACAC under the World Code Against Cancer Framework. A matrix of national codes or key recommendations against cancer in ANCCA member countries is presented. These include taking actions to prevent or control tobacco consumption, obesity, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, exposure to occupational and environmental toxins; and to promote breastfeeding, vaccination against infectious agents and cancer screening. ANCCA will continue to serve as a supportive platform for collaboration, development, and advocacy of an ACAC jointly with the International Agency for Research on Cancer/World Health Organization (IARC/WHO).

20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4058, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744836

RESUMO

Research on the development of cognitive selectivity predominantly focuses on attentional selection. The present study explores another facet of cognitive selectivity-memory selection-by examining the ability to filter attended yet outdated information in young children and adults. Across five experiments involving 130 children and 130 adults, participants are instructed to use specific information to complete a task, and then unexpectedly asked to report this information in a surprise test. The results consistently demonstrate a developmental reversal-like phenomenon, with children outperforming adults in reporting this kind of attended yet outdated information. Furthermore, we provide evidence against the idea that the results are due to different processing strategies or attentional deployments between adults and children. These results suggest that the ability of memory selection is not fully developed in young children, resulting in their inefficient filtering of attended yet outdated information that is not required for memory retention.


Assuntos
Atenção , Memória , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Atenção/fisiologia , Criança , Memória/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem , Cognição/fisiologia , Pré-Escolar
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