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1.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 51, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517915

RESUMO

To determine the prevalence and clinical features of olfactory and taste disorders among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in China. A cross-sectional study was performed in Wuhan from April 3, 2020 to April 15, 2020. A total of 187 patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) completed face-to-face interviews or telephone follow-ups. We found that the prevalence of olfactory and taste disorders was significantly lower in the Chinese cohort than in foreign COVID-19 cohorts. Females were more prone to olfactory and taste disorders. In some patients, olfactory and taste disorders precede other symptoms and can be used as early screening and warning signs.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105306, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521047

RESUMO

Gut microbial ß-glucuronidases have drawn much attention due to their role as a potential therapeutic target to alleviate some drugs or their metabolites-induced gastrointestinal toxicity. In this study, fifteen 5-phenyl-2-furan derivatives containing 1,3-thiazole moiety (1-15) were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory effects against Escherichia coli ß-glucuronidase (EcGUS). Twelve of them showed satisfactory inhibition against EcGUS with IC50 values ranging from 0.25 µM to 2.13 µM with compound 12 exhibited the best inhibition. Inhibition kinetics studies indicated that compound 12 (Ki = 0.14 ± 0.01 µM) was an uncompetitive inhibitor for EcGUS and molecular docking simulation further predicted the binding model and capability of compound 12 with EcGUS. A preliminary structure-inhibitory activity relationship study revealed that the heterocyclic backbone and bromine substitution of benzene may be essential for inhibition against EcGUS. The compounds have the potential to be applied in drug-induced gastrointestinal toxicity and the findings would help researchers to design and develop more effective 5-phenyl-2-furan type EcGUS inhibitors.

3.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469590

RESUMO

Continuous cell lines are practical models that are widely used in the study of disease mechanisms and particularly cancers. However, the issue of cell line cross-contamination has existed since the 1960s, despite repeated advocation for cell line authentication by many experts. Furthermore, cell line abuse has been underestimated and underreported. The China Center for Type Culture Collection (CCTCC) received 1373 cell samples for authentication from 2010 to 2019, and has found that the quality of cell lines has improved during this time, offering a positive outlook for the future.

4.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(13): 3538-3553, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512164

RESUMO

Glioma is the most frequent and aggressive adult brain tumor with maximum mortality. However, the gene alteration and mechanism underlying malignant transformation of glioma remain largely unknown. We aimed to find key factors regulating tumor progression and malignant transformation of glioma. Here we compared the gene expression profiles of 693 glioma patients by HGG vs. LGG model, and identified a key factor CCNB2 for malignant transformation in glioma. CCNB2 induced a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) of glioma cells, and the malignant progression, such as invasion and excessive proliferation was mediated by secreting SASP cytokines, Cathepsin B and PGE2. These findings demonstrated a previously undiscovered link between senescence, CCNB2/SASP/Cathepsin B & PGE2 axis and malignant transformation in glioma. This might provide novel insights on developing new therapeutic regimens for abrogating aggressiveness of glioma.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(71): 8953-8956, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486586

RESUMO

A reliable copper-mediated nucleophilic radiosynthesis of the PET imaging probe [18F]FBPA was developed using novel aryldiboron precursors. The carrier-free [18F]FBPA with radiochemical purity >99% was prepared routinely via the two-step synthesis with an automatic module and can be used for clinical PET imaging of tumours.

6.
Curr Eye Res ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular_0122396 (circ_0122396) has been reported to be downregulated in age-related cataract (ARC); however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. The study aimed to reveal the role of circ_0122396 in ARC progression and underneath mechanism. METHODS: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was employed to induce lens epithelial cells (SRA01/04) injury. The RNA expression of circ_0122396, microRNA-15a-5p (miR-15a-5p) and fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Protein expression was checked by western blot. Cell viability, proliferation and apoptosis were investigated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, 5-Ethynyl-29-deoxyuridine and flow cytometry analysis, respectively. Oxidative stress was evaluated by superoxide dismutase and catalase activity assay kits and lipid peroxidation malondialdehyde assay kit. Online databases and mechanism assays were used to predict and identify the relationship between miR-15a-5p and circ_0122396 or FGF1. RESULTS: Circ_0122396 and FGF1 expression were significantly downregulated, but miR-15a-5p expression was upregulated in ARC tissues or/and H2O2-treated SRA01/04 cells in comparison with control groups. H2O2 treatment repressed cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis and oxidative stress, which was attenuated after circ_0122396 overexpression. MiR-15a-5p, a target mRNA of circ_0122396, was found to participate in H2O2-triggered cell damage by interacting with circ_0122396. Additionally, FGF1 silencing attenuated miR-15a-5p inhibitors-mediated action. Importantly, circ_0122396 regulated FGF1 expression by interaction with miR-15a-5p in H2O2-treated SRA01/04 cells. CONCLUSION: Circ_0122396 ameliorated H2O2-triggered cell injury by inducing FGF1 through sponging miR-15a-5p, providing a potential target for ARC therapy.

7.
Microb Biotechnol ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487423

RESUMO

Two phenazine compounds, diastaphenazine and izumiphenazine C, with complex structures and promising antitumour activity have been isolated from the plant endophytic actinomycete Streptomyces diastaticus W2. Their putative biosynthetic gene cluster (dap) was identified by heterologous expression and gene knockout. There are twenty genes in the dap cluster. dap14-19 related to shikimic pathway were potentially involved in the precursor chorismic acid biosynthesis, and dapBCDEFG were confirmed to be responsible for the biosynthesis of the dibenzopyrazine ring, the nuclear structure of phenazines. Two transcriptional regulatory genes dapR and dap4 played the positive regulatory roles on the phenazine biosynthetic pathway. Most notably, the dimerization of the dibenzopyrazine ring in diastaphenazine and the loading of the complex side chain in izumiphenazine C could be catalysed by the cyclase homologous gene dap5, suggesting an unusual modification strategy tailoring complex phenazine biosynthesis. Moreover, metabolite analysis of the gene deletion mutant strain S. albus::23C5Δdap2 and substrate assay of the methyltransferase Dap2 clearly revealed the biosynthetic route of the complex side chain in izumiphenazine C.

8.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

9.
mBio ; 12(4): e0065621, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465018

RESUMO

Human gut microbes exhibit a spectrum of cooperative and antagonistic interactions with their host and also with other microbes. The major Bacteroides host-targeting virulence factor, Bacteroides fragilis toxin (BFT), is produced as an inactive protoxin by enterotoxigenic B. fragilis strains. BFT is processed by the conserved bacterial cysteine protease fragipain (Fpn), which is also encoded in B. fragilis strains that lack BFT. In this report, we identify a secreted antibacterial protein (fragipain-activated bacteriocin 1 [Fab1]) and its cognate immunity protein (resistance to fragipain-activated bacteriocin 1 [RFab1]) in enterotoxigenic and nontoxigenic strains of B. fragilis. Although BFT and Fab1 share no sequence identity, Fpn also activates the Fab1 protoxin, resulting in its secretion and antibacterial activity. These findings highlight commonalities between host- and bacterium-targeting toxins in intestinal bacteria and suggest that antibacterial antagonism may promote the conservation of pathways that activate host-targeting virulence factors. IMPORTANCE The human intestine harbors a highly complex microbial community; interpersonal variation in this community can impact pathogen susceptibility, metabolism, and other aspects of health. Here, we identified and characterized a commensal-targeting antibacterial protein encoded in the gut microbiome. Notably, a shared pathway activates this antibacterial toxin and a host-targeting toxin. These findings highlight unexpected commonalities between host- and bacterium-targeting toxins in intestinal bacteria.

10.
PLoS Genet ; 17(9): e1009778, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491997

RESUMO

Meiosis initiation and progression are regulated by both germ cells and gonadal somatic cells. However, little is known about what genes or proteins connecting somatic and germ cells are required for this regulation. Our results show that deficiency for adhesion molecule IGSF11, which is expressed in both Sertoli cells and germ cells, leads to male infertility in mice. Combining a new meiotic fluorescent reporter system with testicular cell transplantation, we demonstrated that IGSF11 is required in both somatic cells and spermatogenic cells for primary spermatocyte development. In the absence of IGSF11, spermatocytes proceed through pachytene, but the pericentric heterochromatin of nonhomologous chromosomes remains inappropriately clustered from late pachytene onward, resulting in undissolved interchromosomal interactions. Hi-C analysis reveals elevated levels of interchromosomal interactions occurring mostly at the chromosome ends. Collectively, our data elucidates that IGSF11 in somatic cells and germ cells is required for pericentric heterochromatin dissociation during diplotene in mouse primary spermatocytes.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e26920, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with recurrent abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits. Many pieces of evidence show that acupuncture and moxibustion therapy has advantages in the treatment of IBS, but there are many acupuncture and moxibustion therapy options, each of which has different therapeutic effects. This study will evaluate the clinical efficacy of different acupuncture and moxibustion therapies in the treatment of IBS by means of a network meta-analysis. METHODS: According to the retrieval strategy, we retrieved the randomized controlled trials of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of IBS from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, VIP, Chinese biomedical databases, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases from the database establishment to July 2021. We assessed the quality of the studies using the Cochrane Risk Bias Assessment Tool and assessed the strength of the evidence using the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology. All data analyses were performed by RevMan5.3, Gemtc 0.14.3, and Stata 14.0. RESULTS: This study evaluated the efficacy of different acupuncture and moxibustion therapies in the treatment of IBS by evaluating the clinical efficacy rate, symptom scores, quality of life scores, adverse reactions, etc, and further explore the mechanism of action of each therapy. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a reliable evidence-based basis for selecting the best acupuncture and moxibustion therapy for IBS. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also does not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval will not be required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated at relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/3278Y.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/normas , Protocolos Clínicos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Moxibustão/normas , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Moxibustão/métodos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e045165, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to elucidate the relationship between liver function and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective, longitudinal study in urban tertiary care centre in Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: 407 IPAH consecutive incident patients age 18-65 years were retrospectively enrolled from January 2008 to December 2018. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. The cut-off value was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), which was validated by Cox proportional hazard model was internally validated by bootstrap analysis and used for survival analysis. The Cox model was (internally) validated and cross-validated areas under the curve (AUC) should be reported. RESULTS: The prevalence of abnormal liver function tests (LFTs) at baseline was 77.6%. Hyperbilirubinaemia is the most common abnormal biochemical liver test: abnormal total bilirubin (TBIL in 51.6% patients). During the follow-up, 160 patients died. Patients with mixed liver dysfunction have worse prognosis than those with normal LFTs or isolated abnormal bilirubin metabolism. Comparing with patients with hepatocellular injury, the survival of patients with abnormal bilirubin metabolism is lower. Multivariable Cox models revealed a positive association between TBIL, γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and mortality showing that each Ig increment in TBIL and GGT was associated with a higher all-cause mortality (TBIL: HR 4. 29 (95% CI 1. 21 to 15. 27), p=0. 02; GGT: HR 2. 76 (95% CI 1. 18 to 6. 45), p=0. 02). A novel formula named Liver Function Predict Index (LFPI) was constructed (LFPI=-0.002*6MWD+1.014*lg GGT+1.458*lg TBIL) to predict prognosis. ROC curve analysis did further identify 2.729 as the best cut-off value for LFPI (AUC 0.75, p<0.001, sensitivity 79%, specificity 70%). CONCLUSIONS: Liver dysfunction is frequent in IPAH, and characterised by a predominantly cholestatic enzyme profile. LFTs abnormalities are associated with worse survival and LFPI was a new and simple predictor for prognosis of IPAH.

13.
Langmuir ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498881

RESUMO

Increasing the work function of borophene over a large range is crucial for the development of borophene-based anode materials for highly efficient electronic devices. In this study, the effect of fluorine adsorption on the structures and stabilities, particularly on the work function, of α-borophene (BBP), was systematically investigated via first-principles density functional theory. The calculations indicated that BBP was well-stabilized by fluorine adsorption and the work functions of metallic fluorine-adsorbed BBPs (Fn-BBPs) sharply increased with increasing fluorine content. Moreover, the work function of F-BBP was close to that of the frequently used anode material Au and even, for other Fn-BBPs, higher than that of Pt. Furthermore, we have comprehensively discussed the factors, including substrate deformation, charge transfer, induced dipole moment, and Fermi and vacuum energy levels, affecting the improvement of work function. Particularly, we have demonstrated that the charge redistribution of the substrate induced by the bonding interaction between fluorine and the matrix predominantly contributes to the observed increase in the work function. Additionally, the effect of fluorine adsorption on the increase in the work function of BBP was significantly stronger than that of silicene or graphene. Our results concretely support the fact that Fn-BBPs can be extremely attractive anode materials for electronic device applications.

14.
Bioresour Technol ; 340: 125758, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426246

RESUMO

Comparative evaluation of SBRs under different modes (AX/O, AN/AX/O, AN/O/AX, O/AX) with same aniline wastewater arrangements, presenting the startup and performance differences of reactors. The results revealed that the four systems realized the efficient aniline and NH4+-N removal on the basis of sufficient aerobic time. Anaerobic aniline degradation was also achieved in the first three reactors after acclimation. The denitrification efficiency was the highest in O/AX reactor and the lowest in AN/O/AX due to mode sequence setup. Pollutants variations in the typical cycles experimental data combined with microbial diversity analysis were highlighted that aerobic denitrification contributed the most under O/AX mode, while the other three modes relied on anoxic denitrification. Meanwhile, low nitrifiers and aerobic denitrifiers abundance might be another reason for the poor denitrification of AN/O/AX mode. It was inferred that denitrification was most susceptible to operation mode sequences.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Poluentes Ambientais , Compostos de Anilina , Desnitrificação , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise , Esgotos , Águas Residuárias
15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 680501, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456859

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have confirmed an association between C-peptide levels with the risk of cardiometabolic diseases. However, whether circulating C-peptide was related to subclinical myocardial injury (SC-MI) remains unknown. Methods: A total of 3,752 participants without a history of cardiovascular diseases were included in our study from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III). Multivariable linear regression was performed to explore the correlation between C-peptide and cardiac injury score (CIIS). Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between C-peptide quartile and SC-MI. Results: Circulating C-peptide was significantly associated with CIIS (ß:0.09, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.00-0.17; p = 0.041). Compared with the lowest quartile, the highest quartile of circulating C-peptide increased a 1.48-fold risk of SC-MI (Odds ratio = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.18-1.87; p = 0.001). Conclusions: The level of C-peptide was independently associated with CIIS and SC-MI, which could serve as a new risk factor of SC-MI.

16.
Clin Transl Sci ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435439

RESUMO

Residual shallow neuromuscular block (NMB) is potentially harmful and contributes to critical respiratory events. Evidence for the optimal dose of sugammadex required to reverse vecuronium-induced shallow neuromuscular block is scarce. The aims of the present study were to find suitable doses of sugammadex and neostigmine to reverse a residual vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block from a TOF ratio of 0.3 to 0.9 and evaluate their safety and efficacy. In total, 121 patients aged 18-65 years were randomly assigned to 11 groups to receive placebo, sugammadex (doses of 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/kg) or neostigmine (doses of 10, 25, 40, 55, or 70 µg/kg). The reversal time of sugammadex and neostigmine to antagonize a vecuronium-induced shallow residual NMB (i.e., TOF ratio of 0.3) and related adverse reactions were recorded. Several statistical models were tested to find an appropriate statistical model to explore the suitable doses of sugammadex and neostigmine required to reverse a residual vecuronium-induced neuromuscular block. Based on a monoexponential model with the response variable on a logarithmic scale, sugammadex 0.56 mg/kg may be sufficient to reverse vecuronium-induced shallow residual neuromuscular block at a TOF ratio of 0.3 under anesthesia maintained with propofol. Neostigmine may not provide prompt and satisfactory antagonism as sugammadex, even in shallow NMB.

17.
Neuroscience ; 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425160

RESUMO

In the past 20 years, neural engineering has made unprecedented progress in the interpretation of brain information (e.g., brain-computer interfaces) and in neuromodulation (e.g., electromagnetic stimulation and neurofeedback). However, there has been little research aiming to improve the performance of brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) using neuromodulation. The present study presents a novel design for a neurofeedback training (NFT) method to improve the operation of a steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based BCI and further explores its underlying mechanisms. The use of NFT to upregulate alpha-band power in the user's parietal lobe is presented in this study as a new neuromodulation method to improve SSVEP-based BCI in this study. After users completed this NFT intervention, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), accuracy, and information transfer rate (ITR) of the SSVEP-based BCI were increased by 5.8%, 4.7%, and 15.6%, respectively. However, no improvement was observed in the control group in which the subjects did not participate in NFT. Moreover, a general reinforcement of the information flow from the parietal lobe to the occipital lobe was observed. Evidence from a network analysis and an attention test further indicates that NFT improves attention by developing the control capacity of the parietal lobe and then enhances the above SSVEP indicators. Upregulating the amplitude of parietal alpha oscillations using NFT significantly improves the SSVEP-based BCI performance by modulating the control network. The study validates an effective neuromodulation method and possibly contributes to explaining the function of the parietal lobe in the control network.

18.
Adv Ther ; 38(9): 4836-4846, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351565

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are scarce real-world data on the long-term efficacy and safety of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) combined with the systematic education of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) approach for patients post-coronary stenting, which is, therefore, the subject of this study. METHODS: Data collected between 1 April 2015 and 20 May 2017 from 11,345 patients in the rehabilitation center database at our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Five hundred thirty-six patients with incomplete information, or unable to cooperate with telephone follow-up, were excluded; 4001 patients received the combined CR approach; and 6808 patients received only routine post-procedure education (controls). Of these, 2805 CR participants (CR group) were matched 1:1 to controls (control group) using propensity scores. The main outcome was quality of life in Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) scores. SAQ was measured in hospital and at follow-up; meanwhile, volume/type of habitual exercise, major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), and its components of target vessel revascularization, myocardial infarction, and cardiac death were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: At median 583 (range 184-963) day follow-up, compared with controls, the CR group showed fewer patients not engaging in physical exercise (22 vs. 956, p < 0.05); more cumulative exercise time (h/week) (8.22 ± 6.17 h vs. 3.00 ± 1.65 h, p < 0.05); higher SAQ scores (physical limitation, 69.59 ± 10.96 vs. 57.49 ± 7.19; anginal stability, 80.50 ± 18.21 vs. 58.82 ± 11.95; anginal frequency, 78.58 ± 11.07 vs. 67.14 ± 22.41; treatment satisfaction, 82.33 ± 13.21 vs. 56.84 ± 21.61; quality of life, 68.69 ± 18.33 vs. 60.26 ± 17.13, all p < 0.01), but a similar MACE rate (log-rank p = 0.621). CONCLUSION: Compared with only routine post-procedure education, CR combining at least one-time CPET with a systematic cardiac education program before discharge improved engagement in physical activity and quality of life for patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without increasing clinical adverse events.

19.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 205: 114328, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418675

RESUMO

The efficacy of raw and processed products of Polygonum multiflorum (PM) varies greatly. "Nine cycles of steaming and sunning" (NCSS) is recognized as an effective technology in enhancing efficacy and reducing toxicity for PM. In this paper, PM was prepared differently into three groups (including group R, M, and "9"), which represent raw PM, PM processed using the method of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (ChP) and PM processed using traditional NCSS, respectively. The purpose is to establish an effective method to distinguish raw PM from different processed products and highlight the rationality of processing technology. The main organic compounds that could distinguish these three groups of samples were identified by in-depth mining of mass spectral information and various chemometric methods. Level of related metal cations have been quantified and used as another important distinguishing markers. The electronic tongue was utilized to determine the taste traits of aqueous extract from PM. Furthermore, the material basis that caused the difference in taste was discovered according to correlation analysis. In detail, saltiness has the most important contribution associated with the concentrations of K+ and Na+, however, bitterness and astringency were mainly associated with the contents of epicatechin gallate, catechin, procyanidin B1, procyanidin B2 and epicatechin. This study proposed a novel and effective strategy for identification of processing technology of PM. It lays the foundation for clarifying the modern scientific recommendations of processing technology to PM. On the other hand, it also provides a reference for related researches on other traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431192

RESUMO

A built-in electric field in electrocatalyst can significantly accumulate higher concentration of NO3 - ions near electrocatalyst surface region, thus facilitating mass transfer for efficient nitrate removal at ultra-low concentration and electroreduction reaction (NO3 RR). A model electrocatalyst is created by stacking CuCl (111) and rutile TiO2 (110) layers together, in which a built-in electric field induced from the electron transfer from TiO2 to CuCl (CuCl_BEF) is successfully formed . This built-in electric field effectively triggers interfacial accumulation of NO3 - ions around the electrocatalyst. The electric field also raises the energy of key reaction intermediate *NO to lower the energy barrier of the rate determining step. A NH3 product selectivity of 98.6 %, a low NO2 - production of <0.6 %, and mass-specific ammonia production rate of 64.4 h-1 is achieved, which are all the best among studies reported at 100 mg L-1 of nitrate concentration to date.

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