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1.
EClinicalMedicine ; 69: 102486, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370536

RESUMO

Background: Limited data exists on how early-life weight changes relate to metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk in midlife. This study examines the association between long-term trajectories of body mass index (BMI), its variability, and MetS risk in Chinese individuals. Methods: In the Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension study (March 10, 1987-June 3, 2017), 1824 participants with at least five BMI measurements from 1987 to 2017 were included. Using group-based trajectory modeling, different BMI trajectories were identified. BMI variability was assessed through standard deviation (SD), variability independent of the mean (VIM), and average real variability (ARV). Logistic regression analyzed the relationship between BMI trajectory, BMI variability, and MetS occurrence in midlife (URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02734472). Findings: BMI trajectories were categorized as low-increasing (34.4%), moderate-increasing (51.8%), and high-increasing (13.8%). Compared to the low-increasing group, the odds ratios (ORs) [95% CIs] for MetS were significantly higher in moderate (4.27 [2.63-6.91]) and high-increasing groups (13.11 [6.30-27.31]) in fully adjusted models. Additionally, higher BMI variabilities were associated with increased MetS odds (ORs for SDBMI, VIMBMI, and ARVBMI: 2.30 [2.02-2.62], 1.22 [1.19-1.26], and 4.29 [3.38-5.45]). Furthermore, BMI trajectories from childhood to adolescence were predictive of midlife MetS, with ORs in moderate (1.49 [1.00-2.23]) and high-increasing groups (2.45 [1.22-4.91]). Lastly, elevated BMI variability in this period was also linked to higher MetS odds (ORs for SDBMI, VIMBMI, and ARVBMI: 1.24 [1.08-1.42], 1.00 [1.00-1.01], and 1.21 [1.05-1.38]). Interpretation: Our study suggests that both early-life BMI trajectories and BMI variability could be predictive of incident MetS in midlife. Funding: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China No. 82070437 (J.-J.M.), the Clinical Research Award of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University of China (No. XJTU1AF-CRF-2022-002, XJTU1AF2021CRF-021, and XJTU1AF-CRF-2023-004), the Key R&D Projects in Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 2023-ZDLSF-50), the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (2017-CXGC03-2), and the International Joint Research Centre for Cardiovascular Precision Medicine of Shaanxi Province (2020GHJD-14).

2.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 20361, 2023 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37990060

RESUMO

Our study aimed to explore the association between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and COVID-19 mortality. This is a retrospective cohort study of all patients admitted to 4 hospitals within the Montefiore Health System between March 1 and April 16, 2020, with SARS-CoV-2 infection. All-cause mortality were collected in 7 May 2020. The mortality risk was estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. Of the 3545 patients with a median age of 63.7 years, 918 (25.9%) died within the time of cohort data collection after admission. When the CRP was < 15.6 mg/L, the mortality rate increased with an adjusted HR of 1.57 (95% CI 1.30-1.91, P < 0.0001) for every 10 mg/L increment in the CRP. When the CRP was ≥ 15.6 mg/L, the mortality rate increased with an adjusted HR of 1.11 (95% CI 0.99-1.24, P = 0.0819) for every 10 mg/L increment in the CRP. For patients with COVID-19, the association between the CRP and the mortality risk was curve and had a saturation effect. When the CRP was small, the mortality rate increased significantly with the increase of CRP. When CRP > 15.6 mg/L, with the increase of CRP, the mortality rate increases relatively flat.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , COVID-19 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 23(1): 337, 2023 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37393236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid management with a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal of < 1.4 mmol/L is recommended for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and diabetes mellitus (DM) due to a high risk for adverse cardiovascular events. This study evaluated the lipid-lowering treatment (LLT) pattern and the LDL-C goal attainment rate in this special population. METHODS: DM patients were screened from the observational Dyslipidemia International Study II-China study which assessed LDL-C goal attainment in Chinese ACS patients. The baseline characteristics between the LLT and no pre-LLT groups were compared. The proportions of patients obtaining LDL-C goal at admission and at 6-months, the difference from the goal, and the pattern of the LLT regimen were analyzed. RESULTS: Totally 252 eligible patients were included, with 28.6% taking LLT at admission. Patients in the LLT group were older, had a lower percentage of myocardial infarction, and had decreased levels of LDL-C and total cholesterol compared to those in the no pre-LLT group at baseline. The overall LDL-C goal attainment rate was 7.5% at admission and increased to 30.2% at 6 months. The mean difference between the actual LDL-C value and LDL-C goal value dropped from 1.27 mmol/L at baseline to 0.80 mmol/L at 6 months. At 6 months, 91.4% of the patients received statin monotherapy, and only 6.9% received a combination of statin and ezetimibe. The atorvastatin-equivalent daily statin dosage was moderate during the study period. CONCLUSION: The low rate of lipid goal attainment observed was in line with the outcomes of other DYSIS-China studies.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , China/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Objetivos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico
4.
J Neuroinflammation ; 20(1): 6, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609266

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating injury that may result in permanent motor impairment. The active ingredients of medications are unable to reach the affected area due to the blood‒brain barrier. Elamipretide (SS-31) is a new and innovative aromatic cationic peptide. Because of its alternating aromatic and cationic groups, it freely crosses the blood‒brain barrier. It is also believed to decrease inflammation and protect against a variety of neurological illnesses. This study explored the therapeutic value of SS-31 in functional recovery after SCI and its possible underlying mechanism. A spinal cord contusion injury model as well as the Basso Mouse Scale, footprint assessment, and inclined plane test were employed to assess how well individuals could function following SCI. The area of glial scarring, the number of dendrites, and the number of synapses after SCI were confirmed by HE, Masson, MAP2, and Syn staining. Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were employed to examine the expression levels of pyroptosis-, autophagy-, lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP)- and MAPK signalling-related proteins. The outcomes showed that SS-31 inhibited pyroptosis, enhanced autophagy and attenuated LMP in SCI. Mechanistically, we applied AAV vectors to upregulate Pla2g4A in vivo and found that SS-31 enhanced autophagy and attenuated pyroptosis and LMP by inhibiting phosphorylation of cPLA2. Ultimately, we applied asiatic acid (a p38-MAPK agonist) to test whether SS-31 regulated cPLA2 partially through the MAPK-P38 signalling pathway. Our group is the first to suggest that SS-31 promotes functional recovery partially by inhibiting cPLA2-mediated autophagy impairment and preventing LMP and pyroptosis after SCI, which may have potential clinical application value.


Assuntos
Piroptose , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Camundongos , Animais , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Fosfolipases A2 Citosólicas/metabolismo
5.
Molecules ; 27(20)2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296584

RESUMO

Graphite anodes are well established for commercial use in lithium-ion battery systems. However, the limited capacity of graphite limits the further development of lithium-ion batteries. Hard carbon obtained from biomass is a highly promising anode material, with the advantage of enriched microcrystalline structure characteristics for better lithium storage. Tannin, a secondary product of metabolism during plant growth, has a rich source on earth. But the mechanism of hard carbon obtained from its derivation in lithium-ion batteries has been little studied. This paper successfully applied the hard carbon obtained from tannin as anode and illustrated the relationship between its structure and lithium storage performance. Meanwhile, to further enhance the performance, graphene oxide is skillfully compounded. The contact with the electrolyte and the charge transfer capability are effectively enhanced, then the capacity of PVP-HC is 255.5 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles at a current density of 400 mA g-1, with a capacity retention rate of 91.25%. The present work lays the foundation and opens up ideas for the application of biomass-derived hard carbon in lithium anodes.


Assuntos
Grafite , Lítio , Lítio/química , Grafite/química , Carbono/química , Taninos , Eletrodos , Íons/química , Eletrólitos
6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 894426, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845038

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to identify the subgroups of individuals sharing similar blood pressure (BP) trajectories from childhood to youth and explore the associations of these trajectories with arterial stiffness in adulthood. Methods: A group-based trajectory model was used to identify BP trajectories among 2,082 individuals in the Hanzhong adolescent hypertension cohort by using BP values repeatedly measured at four visits from childhood (6-15 years) to youth (14-23 years). The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was examined 30 years after the baseline survey. Mixed linear regression models were used to examine the associations of these trajectories with adult baPWV. Results: Among the 2,082 individuals, three trajectory groups of systolic BP were identified as follows: the low-level group (n = 889), medium-level group (n = 1,021), and high-level group (n = 172). The baPWV in adulthood was higher in medium-level and high-level groups compared with the low-level group (1271.4 ± 224.7 cm/s, 1366.1 ± 249.8 cm/s vs. 1190.1 ± 220.3 cm/s, all p < 0.001). After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the association between baPWV and systolic BP trajectories was statistically significant (adjusted ß = 49.4 cm/s; p < 0.001 for the medium-level group and ß = 107.6 cm/s; p < 0.001 for the high-level group compared with the low-level group). Similar results were obtained for the association of baPWV with the trajectories of diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure (MAP), except for pulse pressure. Conclusion: Our investigation demonstrates different BP trajectories from childhood to youth and shows the trajectories of systolic BP, diastolic BP, and MAP are significant predictors of arterial stiffness in adulthood.

7.
Plant Dis ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536212

RESUMO

Ficus religiosa (L.) belongs to the family Moraceae, native to India and commonly known as 'Peepal'. It has high medicinal value due to its antibacterial, antiviral and antioxidant properties (Singh et al., 2015; Kalpana et al., 2009). In August 2021, leaf spots were observed on F. religiosa trees in Pabbi forest park Kharian (32°50'01.4"N 73°50'17.7"E), District Gujrat, Pakistan. The disease incidence was recorded approximately 30%. The leaf spots were irregular in shape, brown in colour, 3-9 mm in size and encircled by yellowish halo. In severe condition, the spots coalesced and produced necrotic areas on leaf surface (Figure 1). The samples (n=21) were collected based on symptoms and infected leaf segments were excised into small pieces, surface disinfected with 1% NaClO for 20s and rinsed 3 times with sterilized distilled water. The pieces were plated on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium and incubated at 28°C for 7 days. All the pure cultures were obtained through single spore method on PDA and preserved in 30% glycerol at -80°C. The colonies were olive green to dark brown with white margin and later turned dark olive or black with enormous sporulation. Conidia (n=24) were obclavate, ovoid, brown in colour and measuring 10.2 to 34.1 µm long x 5.9 to 12.3 µm wide with 1 to 6 transverse and 1 to 3 longitudinal septa (Figure 2). Based on these characteristics, the pathogen was identified as Alternaria alternata (Gilardi, G., et al. 2019). For molecular identification, the Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) region, endopolygalacturonase (endoPG) gene and major allergen (Alt a1) gene were amplified using ITS1/4 (White et al. 1990), PG3/PG2b (Andrew et al. 2009) and Alt-4for/Alt-4rev (Lawrence et al. 2013) primers respectively. Based on molecular characteristics, all isolates were identified as A. alternata. The sequences of the representative isolate FLB-1 were submitted in the GenBank with the accession numbers OL514181 for ITS, OK315658 for endoPG and OK315659 for Alt al showing 100% similarity with ITS accession KP124298, and endoPG accession AY205020 and 99.7% with Alt al accession KP123847 sequences of CBS106.24 A. alternata after BLASTn queries. The Phylogenetic reconstruction based on maximum likelihood, using Mega X (Kumar et al. 2018) and FLB-1 grouped with A. alternata (Figure 3). Pathogenicity test was performed on nine months old healthy F. religiosa (L.) seedlings (n=12) to fulfil the Koch's postulates. The leaves were pinpricked and sprayed with FLB-1 conidial suspension (107 spores/ml) by using atomizer (Bajwa et al., 2010). The leaves of F. religiosa (L.) seedlings (n=12) sprayed with sterilized distilled water served as control. All the seedlings were incubated at 25 ± 3°C in the glasshouse. The experiment was performed three times under the same conditions. The typical symptoms appeared on inoculated leaves after 7-14 days that were similar to the symptoms observed on original infected F. religiosa (L.) trees. In the control treatment leaves remained asymptomatic (Figure 4). The pathogen from the artificial infected leaves was re-isolated and identified as A. alternata based on morphological and molecular characteristics. To our knowledge, this is the first report of leaf spot of F. religiosa (L.) caused by A. alternata in Pakistan. The leaves of F. religiosa (L.) are commonly used in Asia for different purposes and this leaf spot disease may represent a significant threat to F. religiosa (L.) tree health.

8.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 59, 2022 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35101070

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study discusses the effects of focus training on heart rate variability (HRV) in post-stroke fatigue (PoSF) patients. METHODS: Self-generate physiological coherence system (SPCS) was used for the focus training of PoSF patients for 12 weeks. Then, fatigue severity scale (FSS), Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), HRV and satisfaction scale (SASC-19) before and after the training were assessed. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, FSS score, HAMD score, RMSSD, PNN50% were significantly lower in the research group at the end of the intervention (P < 0.05); SDNN, SDANN, LF, HF, LF/HF intervention satisfaction rate increased significantly in the research group at the end of the intervention (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of SPCS software during the focus training of PoSF patients reduced the fatigue and depression, meanwhile improved the HRV of the patients. Therefore, these patients were greatly satisfied with the intervention.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/terapia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
9.
Neurol Sci ; 43(7): 4315-4321, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35141805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) could improve post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) and the potential mechanisms through which this can be achieved. METHOD: Sixty patients with PSCI were selected and randomly divided into a control and observation group, respectively, with 30 cases in each group. Conventional cognitive rehabilitation training combined with TUS intervention was conducted in the observation group, while conventional cognitive rehabilitation training and sham-TUS stimulation were given to patients in the control group. RESULTS: The Mini-Mental State Exam, Modified Barthel Index score, P300 latency, and wave amplitude, as well as the serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, were significantly higher in both groups after treatment compared with those before treatment (P < 0.05), and were significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the observation group had significantly higher scores in executive, nomination, attention, language, and delayed recall compared with the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Transcranial ultrasound stimulation combined with conventional cognitive rehabilitation therapy improved the PSCI condition with better efficacy than conventional cognitive rehabilitation therapy only. The mechanism involved may be correlated with the upregulation of BDNF and P300 induced by TUS.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(10)2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678973

RESUMO

Aflatoxins (AFs) are secondary metabolites that represent serious threats to human and animal health. They are mainly produced by strains of the saprophytic fungus Aspergillus flavus, which are abundantly distributed across agricultural commodities. AF contamination is receiving increasing attention by researchers, food producers, and policy makers in China, and several interesting review papers have been published, that mainly focused on occurrences of AFs in agricultural commodities in China. The goal of this review is to provide a wider scale and up-to-date overview of AF occurrences in different agricultural products and of the distribution of A. flavus across different food and feed categories and in Chinese traditional herbal medicines in China, for the period 2000-2020. We also highlight the health impacts of chronic dietary AF exposure, the recent advances in biological AF mitigation strategies in China, and recent Chinese AF standards.


Assuntos
Aflatoxinas/isolamento & purificação , Aspergillus , Contaminação de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Aflatoxinas/efeitos adversos , China , Produtos Agrícolas/microbiologia , Contaminação de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Contaminação de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos
11.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 713523, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484152

RESUMO

Understanding the ecological patterns of rhizosphere microbial communities is critical for propelling sustainable agriculture and managing ecosystem functions by exploiting microorganisms. However, this knowledge is still unclear, especially under host-associated large-scale and regarding the comparison between bacteria and fungi. We examined community assembly processes and community characters including environmental thresholds and co-occurrence patterns across the cultivatable area of Panax notoginseng for bacteria and fungi. Both are vital members of the rhizosphere but differ considerably in their life history and dispersal potentiality. Edaphic factors drove the parallel variations of bacterial and fungal communities. Although bacterial and fungal communities exhibited similar biogeographic patterns, the assembly of fungi was more driven by dispersal limitation than selection compared with bacteria. This finding supported the 'size-dispersal' hypothesis. pH and total nitrogen respectively mediated the relative importance of deterministic and stochastic processes in shaping bacterial and fungal communities. In addition, fungal communities exhibited potentially broader environmental thresholds and more modular co-occurrence patterns than bacteria (bacteria: 0.67; fungi: 0.78). These results emphasized the importance of dispersal limitation in structuring rhizosphere microbiota and shaping community features of ecologically distinct microorganisms. This study provides insights into the improved prediction and management of the key functions of rhizosphere microbiota.

12.
Microb Biotechnol ; 14(4): 1730-1746, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081833

RESUMO

Endophytes may participate in the conversion of metabolites within medicinal plants, influencing the efficacy of host. However, the distribution of endophytes within medicinal plants P. notoginseng and how it contributes to the conversion of saponins are not well understood. Here, we determined the distribution of saponins and endophytes within P. notoginseng compartments and further confirm the saponin conversion by endophytes. We found metabolites showed compartment specificity within P. notoginseng. Potential saponin biomarkers, such as Rb1, Rg1, Re, Rc and Rd, were obtained. Endophytic diversity, composition and co-occurrence networks also showed compartment specificity, and bacterial alpha diversity values were highest in root compartment, consistently decreased in the stem and leaf compartments, whereas those of fungi showed the opposite trend. Potential bacterial biomarkers, such as Rhizobium, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Pantoea and fungal biomarkers Phoma, Epicoccum, Xylariales, were also obtained. Endophytes related to saponin contents were found by Spearman correlation analysis, and further verification experiments showed that Enterobacter chengduensis could convert ginsenoside Rg1 to F1 at a rate of 13.24%; Trichoderma koningii could convert ginsenoside Rb1 to Rd at a rate of 40.00% and to Rg3 at a rate of 32.31%; Penicillium chermesinum could convert ginsenoside Rb1 to Rd at a rate of 74.24%.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos , Panax notoginseng , Endófitos , Enterobacter , Hypocreales , Penicillium
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 747: 141447, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771775

RESUMO

The COVID-19 has become a pandemic. The timing and nature of the COVID-19 pandemic response and control varied among the regions and from one country to the other, and their role in affecting the spread of the disease has been debated. The focus of this work is on the early phase of the disease when control measures can be most effective. We proposed a modified susceptible-exposed-infected-removed model (SEIR) model based on temporal moving windows to quantify COVID-19 transmission patterns and compare the temporal progress of disease spread in six representative regions worldwide: three Chinese regions (Zhejiang, Guangdong and Xinjiang) vs. three countries (South Korea, Italy and Iran). It was found that in the early phase of COVID-19 spread the disease follows a certain empirical law that is common in all regions considered. Simulations of the imposition of strong social distancing measures were used to evaluate the impact that these measures might have had on the duration and severity of COVID-19 outbreaks in the three countries. Measure-dependent transmission rates followed a modified normal distribution (empirical law) in the three Chinese regions. These rates responded quickly to the launch of the 1st-level Response to Major Public Health Emergency in each region, peaking after 1-2 days, reaching their inflection points after 10-19 days, and dropping to zero after 11-18 days since the 1st-level response was launched. By March 29th, the mortality rates were 0.08% (Zhejiang), 0.54% (Guangdong) and 3.95% (Xinjiang). Subsequent modeling simulations were based on the working assumption that similar infection transmission control measures were taken in South Korea as in Zhejiang on February 25th, in Italy as in Guangdong on February 25th, and in Iran as in Xinjiang on March 8th. The results showed that by June 15th the accumulated infection cases could have been reduced by 32.49% (South Korea), 98.16% (Italy) and 85.73% (Iran). The surface air temperature showed stronger association with transmission rate of COVID-19 than surface relative humidity. On the basis of these findings, disease control measures were shown to be particularly effective in flattening and shrinking the COVID-10 case curve, which could effectively reduce the severity of the disease and mitigate medical burden. The proposed empirical law and the SEIR-temporal moving window model can also be used to study infectious disease outbreaks worldwide.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Modelos Teóricos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 4322-4332, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND We previously discovered that 3 long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) NONHSAT089447, NONHSAT021545, and NONHSAT041499 were differentially expressed in the peripheral blood of patients with schizophrenia, in comparison to those in normal healthy controls. In this study, we conducted bioinformatic analysis of these 3 lncRNAs and the regulatory role of lncRNA NONHSAT089447 in the dopamine signaling pathway in patients with schizophrenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS There lncRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were screened using microarray analysis. Pearson's correlation analysis was performed to assess the levels of co-expressed mRNAs of respective lncRNAs. The Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) software was used to perform Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes or Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis for these lncRNAs. Human neuroblastoma cell lines (SK-N-SH) were cultured and treated with dopamine or olanzapine (OLP), or transfected with siRNA targeting NONHSAT089447 or plasmid expressing NONHSAT089447. Levels of lncRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Then, mRNA and protein expression of the dopamine receptors DRD1, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, and DRD5 were measured by RT-PCR and western blot analysis, respectively. RESULTS OLP treatment significantly inhibited the expression of NONHSAT089447. Knockdown of NONHSAT089447 by siRNA decreased DRD3 and DRD5 expression, while overexpression of NONHSAT089447 significantly upregulated expression of DRD3 and DRD5. Western blot analysis confirmed that levels of NONHSAT089447 regulated downstream DRD signaling. CONCLUSIONS Our results revealed that the lncRNA NONHSAT089447 participated in the dopamine signaling pathway via upregulation of DRDs.


Assuntos
Dopamina/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/metabolismo , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/metabolismo , Dopamina/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Esquizofrenia/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
15.
Biomark Med ; 13(5): 331-340, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781971

RESUMO

Aim: To assess whether expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells can serve as a biomarker for diagnosis and/or therapeutic response in people living with schizophrenia (SZ). Materials & methods: Differentially expressed circRNAs were screened via microarray in nine individuals living with SZ and nine healthy controls, then quantified using real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR in SZ (n = 102) and healthy control (n = 103) groups. CircRNAs were re-assessed twice in 30 randomly selected individuals living with SZ after 4- and 8-week antipsychotic treatments. Results: Five circRNAs were differentially expressed between groups. Only hsa_circRNA_104597, which was downregulated in the SZ group, was significantly upregulated after 8-week treatment. Conclusion: Dysregulation of hsa_circRNA_104597 may serve as a novel potential diagnostic and therapeutic biomarker for SZ.


Assuntos
RNA Circular/genética , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Esquizofrenia/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Olanzapina/uso terapêutico , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Esquizofrenia/genética , Adulto Jovem
16.
Brain Behav ; 7(6): e00711, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28638716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: WHO stated that nearly one million people commit suicide every year worldly, and 40% of the suicide completer suffered from depression. The primary aim of this study was to explore the association between long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and suicide risk of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Using Human LncRNA 3.0 microarray profiling which includes 30,586 human lncRNAs and RT-PCR, six down-regulated lncRNAs were identified differentially expressed in MDD patients. According to suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt, the suicide risk of MDD patients was classified into suicidal ideation versus no suicidal ideation groups, and past attempt versus no past attempt groups, respectively. The expression of six lncRNAs in MDD patients and controls were examined by RT-PCR. RESULTS: The expression of six lncRNAs had significant differences between no suicidal ideation, suicidal ideation, and controls; corresponding lncRNAs associated with suicidal attempt had remarkable differences between no past attempt, past attempt, and controls. Additionally, only the expression of lncRNAs in suicidal ideation group and past attempt group markedly declined compared with controls. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that the expression of six down-regulated lncRNAs had a negative association with suicide risk in MDD patients, and the expression of lncRNAs in PBMCs could have the potential to help clinician judge the suicide risk of MDD patients to provide timely treatment and prevent suicide.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares , RNA Longo não Codificante/sangue , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Serial de Proteínas/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
17.
Indian J Psychiatry ; 59(1): 83-87, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28529365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About half of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have clinically meaningful levels of anxiety. Greater severity of depressive illness and functional impairment has been reported in patients with high levels of anxiety accompanying depression. The pathogenesis for the comorbidity was still unsure. AIM: This study aimed to determine whether there would be molecular link for overlapped pathogenesis between MDD and anxiety disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) microarray profiling and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, six downregulated lncRNAs and three upregulated lncRNAs had been identified to be the potential biomarkers for MDD and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), respectively. Then, the lncRNAs were cross-checked in forty MDD patients, forty GAD patients, and forty normal controls. RESULTS: Compared with normal controls, six downregulated MDD lncRNAs also had a significantly lower expression in GAD (P < 0.01), and there was no significant difference between GAD and MDD (P > 0.05). In addition, three upregulated GAD lncRNAs had no different expression in MDD (P > 0.05), but there was remarkable difference between MDD and GAD (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that lncRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells could be potential molecular link between MDD and GAD, which added new evidence to the overlapped pathogenesis and suggested that anxious depression could be a valid diagnostic subtype of MDD.

18.
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet ; 174(4): 335-341, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28371072

RESUMO

Depression and anxiety are apparent symptoms in the early onset or acute phase of schizophrenia (SZ), which complicate timely diagnosis and treatment. It is imperative to seek an indicator to distinguish schizophrenia from depressive and anxiety disorders. Using lncRNA microarray profiling and RT-PCR, three up-regulated lncRNAs in SZ, six down-regulated lncRNAs in major depressive disorder (MDD), and three up-regulated lncRNAs in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) had been identified as potential biomarkers. All the lncRNAs were, then, cross-validated in 40 SZ patients, 40 MDD patients, 40 GAD patients, and 40 normal controls. Compared with controls, three up-regulated SZ lncRNAs had a significantly down-regulated expression in GAD, and no remarkable differences existed between MDD and the controls. Additionally, the six down-regulated MDD lncRNAs were expressed in an opposite fashion in SZ, and the expression of the three up-regulated GAD lncRNAs were significantly different between SZ and GAD. These results indicate that the expression patterns of the three up-regulated SZ lncRNAs could not be completely replicated in MDD and GAD, and vice versa. Thus, these three SZ lncRNAs seem to be established as potential indicators for diagnosis of schizophrenia and distinguishing it from MDD and GAD. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/análise , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Esquizofrenia/genética
19.
Biomark Med ; 11(3): 221-228, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28092449

RESUMO

AIM: Depression and anxiety are common symptoms for schizophrenia (SZ) in the early onset. This study aimed to determine whether long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can be indicators for diagnosing SZ in nonpsychiatric hospitals. MATERIALS & METHODS: Three upregulated SZ lncRNAs, six downregulated major depressive disorder (MDD) lncRNAs and three upregulated generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) lncRNAs were cross-validated in 45 SZ patients, 48 MDD patients, 52 GAD patients and 40 controls by reverse transcription-PCR. RESULTS: Three SZ lncRNAs were significantly downregulated in GAD patients. The expression of the six MDD lncRNAs showed an opposite trend in SZ patients, and the three GAD lncRNAs also showed significant differences between SZ and GAD patients. CONCLUSION: The three upregulated SZ lncRNAs are not entirely replicated in MDD and GAD patients and could be potential indicators for distinguishing SZ from MDD and GAD in nonpsychiatric hospital.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Regulação para Cima
20.
Med Sci Monit ; 22: 3340-51, 2016 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27650396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Dysfunction of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been demonstrated to be involved in psychiatric diseases. However, the expression patterns and functions of the regulatory lncRNAs in schizophrenia (SZ) patients have rarely been systematically reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS The lncRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were screened and compared between the SZ patients and demographically-matched healthy controls using microarray analysis, and then were validated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) method. Three verified significantly dysregulated lncRNAs of PBMCs were selected and then measured in SZ patients before and after the antipsychotic treatment. SZ symptomatology improvement was measured by Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores. RESULTS One hundred and twenty-five lncRNAs were significantly differentially expressed in SZ patients compared with healthy controls, of which 62 were up-regulated and 63 were down-regulated. Concurrent with the significant decrease of the PANSS scores of patients after the treatment, the PBMC levels of lncRNA NONHSAT089447 and NONHSAT041499 were strikingly decreased (P<0.05). Down-regulation of PBMC expression of NONHSAT041499 was significantly correlated to the improvement of positive and activity symptoms of patients (r=-0.444 and -0.423, respectively, P<0.05, accounting for 16.9% and 15.1%, respectively), and was also significantly associated with better outcomes (odds ratio 2.325 for positive symptom and 12.340 for activity symptom). CONCLUSIONS LncRNA NONHSAT089447 and NONHSAT041499 might be involved in the pathogenesis and development of SZ, and the PBMC level of NONHSAT041499 is significantly associated with the treatment outcomes of SZ.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Análise por Conglomerados , Demografia , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , RNA Longo não Codificante/sangue , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esquizofrenia/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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