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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842665

RESUMO

The precise features of lesions in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients with total occlusion (TO) of the infarct-related artery (IRA) are still unclear. This study employs optical coherence tomography (OCT) to investigate pathological features in NSTEMI patients with or without IRA TO and explores the relationship between thrombus types and IRA occlusive status. This was a single-center retrospective study. A total of 202 patients diagnosed with NSTEMI were divided into two groups: those with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 0 before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (referred to as the TO group, n = 100) and those TIMI flow grade 1-3 (referred to as the Non-TO group, n = 102). Baseline characteristics, coronary angiography findings, and OCT results were collected. Multivariate logistic analysis identified factors influencing TO in NSTEMI. The category of NSTEMI was further subdivided based on the type of electrocardiogram (ECG) into two subgroups: ST segment unoffset myocardial infarction (STUMI) and ST segment depression myocardial infarction (STDMI). This division allows for a more specific classification of NSTEMI cases. The TO group had a younger age, higher male representation, more smokers, lower hypertension and cerebrovascular disease incidence, lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and higher creatine kinase myocardial band (CKMB) and creatine kinase (CK) peak levels. In the TO group, LCX served as the main IRA (52.0%), whereas in the Non-TO group, LAD was the predominant IRA (45.1%). Compared to the Non-TO group, OCT findings demonstrated that red thrombus/mixed thrombus was more common in the TO group, along with a lower occurrence of white thrombus (p < 0.001). The TO group exhibited a higher prevalence of STUMI (p = 0.001), whereas STDMI was more commonly observed in the Non-TO group (p = 0.001). NSTEMI presents as STUMI and STDMI distinct entities. Red thrombus/mixed thrombus in IRA often indicates occlusive lesions with STUMI on ECG. White thrombus suggests non-occlusive lesions with STDMI on ECG.

2.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e32087, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868050

RESUMO

One of the critical technologies to ensure cyberspace security is network traffic anomaly detection, which detects malicious attacks by analyzing and identifying network traffic behavior. The rapid development of the network has led to explosive growth in network traffic, which seriously impacts the user's information security. Researchers have delved into intrusion detection as an active defense technology to address this challenge. However, traditional machine learning methods struggle to capture complex threats and attack patterns when dealing with large-scale network data. In contrast, deep learning methods have the advantages of automatically extracting features from network traffic data and strong generalization capabilities. Aiming to enhance the ability of network anomaly traffic detection, this paper proposes a network traffic anomaly detection based on Deep Residual Shrinkage Network (DRSN), namely "GSOOA-1DDRSN". This method uses an improved Osprey optimization algorithm to select the most relevant and essential features in network traffic, reducing the features' dimensionality. For better detection performance of network traffic anomalies, a one-dimensional deep residual shrinkage network (1DDRSN) is designed as a classifier. Validation is performed using the NSL-KDD and UNSW-NB15 datasets and compared with other methods. The experimental results show that GSOOA-1DDRSN has improved multi-classification accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 Score by approximately 2 % and 3 %, respectively, compared to the 1DDRSN model on two datasets. Additionally, it reduces the time computation costs by 20 % and 30 % on these datasets. Furthermore, compared to other models, GSOOA-1DDRSN offers superior classification accuracy and effectively reduces the number of features.

3.
Nat Struct Mol Biol ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871854

RESUMO

Humans have three different proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) clamp-loading complexes: RFC and CTF18-RFC load PCNA onto DNA, but ATAD5-RFC can only unload PCNA from DNA. The underlying structural basis of ATAD5-RFC unloading is unknown. We show here that ATAD5 has two unique locking loops that appear to tie the complex into a rigid structure, and together with a domain that plugs the DNA-binding chamber, prevent conformation changes required for DNA binding, likely explaining why ATAD5-RFC is exclusively a PCNA unloader. These features are conserved in the yeast PCNA unloader Elg1-RFC. We observe intermediates in which PCNA bound to ATAD5-RFC exists as a closed planar ring, a cracked spiral or a gapped spiral. Surprisingly, ATAD5-RFC can open a PCNA gap between PCNA protomers 2 and 3, different from the PCNA protomers 1 and 3 gap observed in all previously characterized clamp loaders.

4.
J Proteome Res ; 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38865581

RESUMO

The Chromosome-Centric Human Proteome Project (C-HPP) aims to identify all proteins encoded by the human genome. Currently, the human proteome still contains approximately 2000 PE2-PE5 proteins, referring to annotated coding genes that lack sufficient protein-level evidence. During the past 10 years, it has been increasingly difficult to identify PE2-PE5 proteins in C-HPP approaches due to the limited occurrence. Therefore, we proposed that reanalyzing massive MS data sets in repository with newly developed algorithms may increase the occurrence of the peptides of these proteins. In this study, we downloaded 1000 MS data sets via the ProteomeXchange database. Using pFind software, we identified peptides referring to 1788 PE2-PE5 proteins. Among them, 11 PE2 and 16 PE5 proteins were identified with at least 2 peptides, and 12 of them were identified using 2 peptides in a single data set, following the criteria of the HPP guidelines. We found translation evidence for 16 of the 11 PE2 and 16 PE5 proteins in our RNC-seq data, supporting their existence. The properties of the PE2 and PE5 proteins were similar to those of the PE1 proteins. Our approach demonstrated that mining PE2 and PE5 proteins in massive data repository is still worthy, and multidata set peptide identifications may support the presence of PE2 and PE5 proteins or at least prompt additional studies for validation. Extremely high throughput could be a solution to finding more PE2 and PE5 proteins.

5.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2024 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880861

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction is mainly caused by a lack of blood flood in the coronary artery. Angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) induces platelet activation and thrombus formation in vitro through binding with immunoglobulin-like receptor B, an immunoglobulin superfamily receptor. However, the mechanism by which it regulates platelet function in vivo remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of ANGPTL2 during thrombosis in relationship with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with spontaneous recanalization (SR). In a cohort of 276 male and female patients, we measured plasma ANGPTL2 protein levels. Using male Angptl2-knockout and wild-type mice, we examined the inhibitory effect of Angptl2 on thrombosis and platelet activation both in vivo and ex vivo. We found that plasma and platelet ANGPTL2 levels were elevated in patients with STEMI with SR compared to those in non-SR (NSR) patients, and was an independent predictor of SR. Angptl2 deficiency accelerated mesenteric artery thrombosis induced by FeCl3 in Angptl2-/- compared to WT animals, promoted platelet granule secretion and aggregation induced by thrombin and collogen while purified ANGPTL2 protein supplementation reversed collagen-induced platelet aggregation. Angptl2 deficiency also increased platelet spreading on immobilized fibrinogen and clot contraction. In collagen-stimulated Angptl2-/- platelets, Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase (Shp)1-Y564 and Shp2-Y580 phosphorylation were attenuated while Src, Syk, and Phospholipase Cγ2 (PLCγ2) phosphorylation increased. Our results demonstrate that ANGPTL2 negatively regulated thrombus formation by activating ITIM which can suppress ITAM signaling pathway. This new knowledge provides a new perspective for designing future antiplatelet aggregation therapies.

6.
Foods ; 13(11)2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890862

RESUMO

Obesity is a multifactorial chronic metabolic disease with multiple complications. Crataegus pinnatifida (CP) and Wolfiporia extensa (WE) are traditional functional foods with improving metabolic health properties. This study demonstrated the effect of CP and WE combination on ameliorating obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). Moreover, the CP-WE food pair ameliorated HFD-induced metabolic disorders, including glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, and hepatic steatosis. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and analysis revealed that CP combined with WE reshaped the composition of gut microbiota in HFD-fed mice. Furthermore, correlation analysis revealed a substantial association between the obesity-related parameters and the shifts in predominant bacterial genera influenced by the food pair intervention. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the CP-WE food pair ameliorated HFD-induced obesity and reshaped gut microbiota composition, providing a promising approach to combat obesity through specific food combinations.

7.
Molecules ; 29(11)2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38893422

RESUMO

Currently, new clean energy storage technology must be effective, affordable, and ecologically friendly so as to meet the diverse and sustainable needs of the energy supply. In this work, NiCo-LDH containing intercalated EG was successfully prepared within 210 s using an ultrafast microwave radiation technique. Subsequently, a series of characterization and systematic electrochemical tests were conducted to analyze the composition, structure, and energy storage mechanism of the NiCo-LDH material. The Ni:Co ratio of 5:5 results in the highest capacitance value of 2156 F/g at 1 A/g and an outstanding rate performance of 86.8% capacity retention rate at 10 A/g. The results demonstrated that the unique porous structure of NiCo-LDH and large layer spacing were conducive to more electrochemical reactions. Additionally, an electrochemical test was carried out on the NiCo-LDH as a hybrid supercapacitor electrode material, with NiCo-LDH-5:5 serving as the positive electrode and activated carbon as the negative electrode, the asymmetric supercapacitor can achieve a maximum energy density of 82.5 Wh kg-1 and power density of 8000 W kg-1. The NiCo-LDH-5:5//AC hybrid supercapacitors own 81.5% cycle stability and 100% coulombic efficiency after 6000 cycles at 10 A/g.

8.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 36(37)2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38888323

RESUMO

Interfacing the quantum anomalous Hall insulator with a conventional superconductor is known to be a promising manner for realizing a topological superconductor, which has been continuously pursued for years. Such a proximity route depends to a great extent on the control of the delicate interfacial coupling of the two constituents. However, a recent experiment reported the failure to reproduce such a topological superconductor, which is ascribed to the negligence of the electrical short by the superconductor in the theoretical proposal. Here, we reproduce this topological superconductor with attention to the interface control. The resulted conductance matrix under a wide magnetic field range agrees with the fingerprint of this topological superconductor. This allows us to develop a phase diagram that unveils three regions parameterized by various coupling limits, which not only supports the feasibility to fabricate the topological superconductor by proximity but also fully explains the origin of the previous debate. The present work provides a comprehensible guide on fabricating the topological superconductor.

9.
Theranostics ; 14(8): 3317-3338, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855188

RESUMO

Metastasis is one of the key factors of treatment failure in late-stage colorectal cancer (CRC). Metastatic CRC frequently develops resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. This study aimed to identify the novel regulators from "hidden" proteins encoded by long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in tumor metastasis and chemoresistance. Methods: CRISPR/Cas9 library functional screening was employed to identify the critical suppressor of cancer metastasis in highly invasive CRC models. Western blotting, immunofluorescence staining, invasion, migration, wound healing, WST-1, colony formation, gain- and loss-of-function experiments, in vivo experimental metastasis models, multiplex immunohistochemical staining, immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, and RT-PCR were used to assess the functional and clinical significance of FOXP3, PRDM16-DT, HNRNPA2B1, and L-CHEK2. RNA-sequencing, co-immunoprecipitation, qRT-PCR, RT-PCR, RNA affinity purification, RNA immunoprecipitation, MeRIP-quantitative PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization, chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assay were performed to gain mechanistic insights into the role of PRDM16-DT in cancer metastasis and chemoresistance. An oxaliplatin-resistant CRC cell line was established by in vivo selection. WST-1, colony formation, invasion, migration, Biacore technology, gain- and loss-of-function experiments and an in vivo experimental metastasis model were used to determine the function and mechanism of cimicifugoside H-1 in CRC. Results: The novel protein PRDM16-DT, encoded by LINC00982, was identified as a cancer metastasis and chemoresistance suppressor. The down-regulated level of PRDM16-DT was positively associated with malignant phenotypes and poor prognosis of CRC patients. Transcriptionally regulated by FOXP3, PRDM16-DT directly interacted with HNRNPA2B1 and competitively decreased HNRNPA2B1 binding to exon 9 of CHEK2, resulting in the formation of long CHEK2 (L-CHEK2), subsequently promoting E-cadherin secretion. PRDM16-DT-induced E-cadherin secretion inhibited fibroblast activation, which in turn suppressed CRC metastasis by decreasing MMP9 secretion. Cimicifugoside H-1, a natural compound, can bind to LEU89, HIS91, and LEU92 of FOXP3 and significantly upregulated PRDM16-DT expression to repress CRC metastasis and reverse oxaliplatin resistance. Conclusions: lncRNA LINC00982 can express a new protein PRDM16-DT to function as a novel regulator in cancer metastasis and drug resistance of CRC. Cimicifugoside H-1 can act on the upstream of the PRDM16-DT signaling pathway to alleviate cancer chemoresistance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metástase Neoplásica , RNA Longo não Codificante , Fatores de Transcrição , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Humanos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo A-B/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo A-B/genética , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Splicing de RNA/genética , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
10.
Int J Gen Med ; 17: 2557-2574, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855423

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the active substances and targets of Danbie Capsules in Endometriosis therapy. Methods: This study was conducted through TCMSP and published literature screened and obtained 183 active substances of Danbie Capsules, combined and intersected with Endometriosis target genes collected and screened in the GEO database, obtained 24 target genes for Endometriosis treatment, and mapped the target network map of Danbie Capsules active substances against Endometriosis. The network was analyzed with the aid of Cytoscape version 3.9.1. With the aid of the platform of the STRING data analysis, PPI network analysis was conducted on 24 anti-Endometriosis targets of the Danbie Capsules. Results: The research results obtained three critical active substances, namely, Quercetin, ß-sitosterol, and Luteolin. Seven critical targets were identified, and two representative genes (TP53 and AKT1) have been verified in Macromolecular docking and immunohistochemical verification. Conclusion: The active substances of Danbie Capsules in the treatment of Endometriosis are Quercetin, ß-sitosterol and Luteolin, and the main targets are TP53 and AKT1.

11.
Blood Press ; 33(1): 2350981, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated the performance of non-drug-adjusted primary aldosteronism (PA) screening. Therefore, we aimed to examine the consistency between PA screening results with and without drug adjustment and to explore the effectiveness of screening without drug adjustment. METHODS: This prospective study included 650 consecutive patients with a high risk of incidence PA. Patients who initially screened positive underwent rescreening with drug adjustments and confirmatory tests. Regarding the remaining patients, one of every three consecutive patients underwent rescreening with drug adjustments and confirmatory tests. The changes in aldosterone and renin concentrations were compared between patients with essential hypertension (EH) and those with PA before and after drug adjustment. Sensitivity and specificity were used to assess the diagnostic performance of screening without drug adjustment, using the confirmatory test results as the reference. RESULTS: We screened 650 patients with hypertension for PA. Forty-nine patients were diagnosed with PA and 195 with EH. Regarding drugs, 519 patients were taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), calcium channel blockers (CCBs), or diuretics alone or in combination. Forty-one patients were taking beta-blockers. Ninety patients were taking beta-blockers in combination with other drugs. In patients treated with ACEIs, ARBs, CCBs, or diuretics alone, or in combination, or beta-blockers alone, PA positivity was determined using the criteria, aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) >38 pg/mL/pg/mL and plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) >100 pg/mL, and negativity, using the criteria, ARR <9 pg/mL/pg/mL; the sensitivity and specificity were 94.7% and 94.5%, respectively. After drug adjustment, the sensitivity and specificity of screening were 92.1% and 89%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In patients not treated with beta-blockers combined with others, when ARR >38 pg/mL/pg/mL and plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) >100 pg/mL, or, ARR <9 pg/mL/pg/mL, non-drug-adjusted screening results were identical to with drug adjustment. Non-drug-adjusted screening could reduce the chance of medication adjustment, enable patients to continue their treatments and avoiding adverse effects, is of clinical importance.


Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common form of endocrine hypertension. The risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and deterioration of kidney function is higher in PA than in essential hypertension (EH), even with the same blood pressure (BP) levels. However, many patients remain undiagnosed because most antihypertensive drugs substantially interfere with PA screening results, which makes drug adjustment necessary. This can be a time-consuming and unsafe process, requiring 4­6 weeks, and could lead to a hypertensive crisis and other complications. Some studies have suggested that certain antihypertensive drugs can be continued during PR screening. However, few studies have evaluated the performance of non-drug-adjusted PA screening. Therefore, in this prospective study, we aimed to compare patients with hypertension and a high risk of PA before and after drug adjustment and to use confirmatory test results as a reference to explore the diagnostic or exclusion effect. We found that non-drug-adjusted screening performs similarly to drug-adjusted screening in a particular group of patients. Our findings could aid in preventing unnecessary drug adjustment for PA screening, thereby reducing the risk in these patients.


Assuntos
Aldosterona , Hiperaldosteronismo , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico , Hiperaldosteronismo/sangue , Hiperaldosteronismo/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Aldosterona/sangue , Renina/sangue , Adulto , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico
12.
Endocrine ; 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38814373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the association of four surrogate indexes of IR with NASH in patients with obesity. METHODS: A total of 270 patients who underwent bariatric surgery, were included in this cross-sectional study. NASH was diagnosed based on liver biopsies. Binary logistics regression analyses were performed to assess the associations of four surrogate indexes of IR (HOMA-IR, Matsuda index, TyG, and TG/HDL-C) with NASH in patients with obesity. The restricted cubic spline was used to assess the dose-response associations of surrogate indexes of IR with NASH after adjusting for confounding factors. RESULTS: NASH was diagnosed in 136 patients, with a prevalence of 50.37%. Compared with tertile 1, the fully adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of NASH for tertile 3 were 2.711(1.113-6.608) and 0.297 (0.152-0.579) for TyG and Matsuda index. Consistently, per SD increment of TyG were still significantly associated with 64% increased risks of NASH, and per SD increment of Matsuda index were still significantly associated with 38% decreased risks of NASH. In contrast, no significant associations were found between HOMA-IR and TG/HDL-C and the risk of NASH in patients with obesity (all P > 0.05). After adjusting covariates in restricted cubic splines, the risk of NASH decreased with the increment of Matsuda Index levels (P-nonlinear = 0.442, P-overall = 0.007) and with the decrement of TyG levels (P-nonlinear = 0.004, P-overall = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with obesity, TyG and Matsuda index were independently related to the risk of NASH after adjustment for traditional risk factors. In addition, compared with HOMA-IR and TG/HDL-C, the Matsuda index and TyG may be more suitable for NASH prediction in patients with obesity.

13.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 127, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782919

RESUMO

DEAD-box helicase 17 (DDX17) is a typical member of the DEAD-box family with transcriptional cofactor activity. Although DDX17 is abundantly expressed in the myocardium, its role in heart is not fully understood. We generated cardiomyocyte-specific Ddx17-knockout mice (Ddx17-cKO), cardiomyocyte-specific Ddx17 transgenic mice (Ddx17-Tg), and various models of cardiomyocyte injury and heart failure (HF). DDX17 is downregulated in the myocardium of mouse models of heart failure and cardiomyocyte injury. Cardiomyocyte-specific knockout of Ddx17 promotes autophagic flux blockage and cardiomyocyte apoptosis, leading to progressive cardiac dysfunction, maladaptive remodeling and progression to heart failure. Restoration of DDX17 expression in cardiomyocytes protects cardiac function under pathological conditions. Further studies showed that DDX17 can bind to the transcriptional repressor B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) and inhibit the expression of dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1). When DDX17 expression is reduced, transcriptional repression of BCL6 is attenuated, leading to increased DRP1 expression and mitochondrial fission, which in turn leads to impaired mitochondrial homeostasis and heart failure. We also investigated the correlation of DDX17 expression with cardiac function and DRP1 expression in myocardial biopsy samples from patients with heart failure. These findings suggest that DDX17 protects cardiac function by promoting mitochondrial homeostasis through the BCL6-DRP1 pathway in heart failure.


Assuntos
RNA Helicases DEAD-box , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Miócitos Cardíacos , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Apoptose/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Dinaminas/genética , Dinaminas/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Homeostase/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/metabolismo
14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(22): 15209-15218, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775661

RESUMO

Solid electrolyte interphases (SEIs) are sought to protect high-capacity anodes, which suffer from severe volume changes and fast degradations. The previously proposed effective SEIs were of high strength yet abhesive, inducing a yolk-shell structure to decouple the rigid SEI from the anode for accommodating the volume change. Ambivalently, the interfacial void-evolved electro-chemo-mechanical vulnerabilities become inherent defects. Here, we establish a new rationale for SEIs that resilience and adhesivity are both requirements and pioneer a design of a resilient yet adhesive SEI (re-ad-SEI), integrated into a conjugated surface bilayer structure. The re-ad-SEI and its protected particles exhibit excellent stability almost free from the thickening of SEI and the particle pulverization during cycling. More promisingly, the dynamically bonded intact SEI-anode interfaces enable a high-efficiency ion transport and provide a unique mechanical confinement effect for structural integrity of anodes. The high Coulombic efficiency (>99.8%), excellent cycling stability (500 cycles), and superior rate performance have been demonstrated in microsized Si-based anodes.

15.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 42(3): 361-371, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769209

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study is to investigate the relation between serum dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEAS) levels and the risk of osteoporosis in patients with T2DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 938 hospitalized patients with T2DM. Linear regression models were used to explore the relationship between DHEA and DHEAS and the BMD at different skeletal sites. Multinominal logistic regression models and the restricted cubic spline (RCS) were used to evaluate the associations of DHEA and DHEAS with the risks of osteopenia and/or osteoporosis. RESULTS: In postmenopausal women with T2DM, after adjustment for confounders including testosterone and estradiol, DHEA showed a significant positive correlation with lumbar spine BMD (P = 0.013). Moreover, DHEAS exhibited significant positive correlations with BMD at three skeletal sites: including femoral neck, total hip, and lumbar spine (all P < 0.05). Low DHEA and DHEAS levels were associated with increased risk of osteopenia and/or osteoporosis (all P < 0.05) and the risk of osteoporosis gradually decreased with increasing DHEAS levels (P overall = 0.018, P-nonlinear = 0.559). However, DHEA and DHEAS levels in men over the age of 50 with T2DM were not associated with any of above outcomes. CONCLUSION: In patients with T2DM, independent of testosterone and estradiol, higher DHEA and DHEAS levels are associated with higher BMD and lower risk of osteopenia/osteoporosis in postmenopausal women but not men over the age of 50.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Desidroepiandrosterona , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Osteoporose/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Desidroepiandrosterona/sangue , Idoso , Sulfato de Desidroepiandrosterona/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Caracteres Sexuais , Sulfatos/sangue
16.
Food Chem ; 453: 139654, 2024 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781899

RESUMO

As a natural low-calorie sweetener, Mogroside V (Mog-V) has gradually become one of the alternatives to sucrose with superior health attributes. However, Mog-V will bring unpleasant aftertastes when exceeding a threshold concentration. To investigate the possibility of soy protein isolates (SPIs), namely ß-conglycinin (7S), and glycinin (11S) as flavor-improving agents of Mog-V, the binding mechanism between Mog-V and SPIs was explored through multi-spectroscopy, particle size, zeta potential, and computational simulation. The results of the multi-spectroscopic experiments indicated that Mog-V enhanced the fluorescence of 7S/11S protein in a static mode. The binding affinity of 7S-Mog-V was greater compared with 11S-Mog-V. Particle size and zeta potential analysis revealed that the interaction could promote aggregation of 7S/11S protein with different stability. Furthermore, computational simulations further confirmed that Mog-V could interact with the 7S/11S protein in different ways. This research provides a theoretical foundation for the development and application of SPI to improve the flavor of Mog-V, opening a new avenue for further expanding the market demand for Mog-V.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Soja , Edulcorantes , Proteínas de Soja/química , Proteínas de Soja/metabolismo , Edulcorantes/química , Edulcorantes/metabolismo , Globulinas/química , Globulinas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Antígenos de Plantas/química , Antígenos de Plantas/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/química , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Triterpenos
17.
Electrophoresis ; 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38794969

RESUMO

Contraction-expansion array (CEA) microchannel is a typical structure applied on particle/cell manipulation. The prediction of the particle focusing pattern in CEA microchannel is worthwhile to be investigate deeply. Here, we demonstrated a virtual boundary method by flow field analysis and theoretical derivation. The calculating method of the virtual boundary location, related to the Reynolds number (Re) and the structure parameter RW, was proposed. Combining the approximate Poiseuille flow pattern based on the virtual boundary method with the simulation results of Dean flow, the main line pattern and the main/lateral lines pattern were predicted and validated in experiments. The transformation from the main line pattern to the main/lateral lines pattern can be facilitated by increasing Re, decreasing RW , and decreasing α. An empirical formula was derived to characterize the critical condition of the transformation. The virtual boundary method can provide a guidance for asymmetric CEA channel design and contribute to the widespread application of microfluidic particle focusing.

18.
Clin Transl Sci ; 17(5): e13823, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771157

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the mechanism of platelet activation-induced thrombosis in patients with acute non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) by detecting the expression of autophagy-associated proteins in platelets of patients with NSTEMI. A prospective study was conducted on 121 patients with NSTEMI who underwent emergency coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography. The participants were divided into two groups: the ST segment un-offset group (n = 64) and the ST segment depression group (n = 57). We selected a control group of 60 patients without AMI during the same period. The levels of autophagy-associated proteins and the expression of autophagy-associated proteins in platelets were measured using immunofluorescence staining and Western blot. In NSTEMI, the prevalence of red thrombus was higher in the ST segment un-offset myocardial infarction (STUMI) group, whereas white thrombus was more common in the ST segment depression myocardial infarction (STDMI) group. Furthermore, the platelet aggregation rate was significantly higher in the white thrombus group compared with the red thrombus group. Compared with the control group, the autophagy-related protein expression decreased, and the expression of αIIbß3 increased in NSTEMI. The overexpression of Beclin1 could activate platelet autophagy and inhibit the expression of αIIbß3. The results suggested that the increase in platelet aggregation rate in patients with NSTEMI may be potentially related to the change in autophagy. And the overexpression of Beclin1 could reduce the platelet aggregation rate by activating platelet autophagy. Our findings demonstrated that Beclin1 could be a potential therapeutic target for inhibiting platelet aggregation in NSTEMI.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Proteína Beclina-1 , Plaquetas , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Ativação Plaquetária , Trombose , Humanos , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Masculino , Feminino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/metabolismo , Angiografia Coronária , Agregação Plaquetária , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas/metabolismo
20.
Toxics ; 12(5)2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787149

RESUMO

Nanoplastics, created by the fragmentation of larger plastic debris, are a serious pollutant posing substantial environmental and health risks. Here, we developed a polystyrene nanoparticle (PS-NP) exposure model during mice pregnancy to explore their effects on embryonic development. We found that exposure to 30 nm PS-NPs during pregnancy resulted in reduced mice placental weight and abnormal embryonic development. Subsequently, our transcriptomic dissection unveiled differential expression in 102 genes under PS-NP exposure and the p38 MAPK pathway emerged as being significantly altered in KEGG pathway mapping. Our findings also included a reduction in the thickness of the trophoblastic layer in the placenta, diminished cell invasion capabilities, and an over-abundance of immature red cells in the blood vessels of the mice. In addition, we validated our findings through the human trophoblastic cell line, HTR-8/SVneo (HTR). PS-NPs induced a drop in the vitality and migration capacities of HTR cells and suppressed the p38 MAPK signaling pathway. This research highlights the embryotoxic effects of nanoplastics on mice, while the verification results from the HTR cells suggest that there could also be certain impacts on the human trophoblast layer, indicating a need for further exploration in this area.

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