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1.
Circ Res ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747146

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hypoxia and oxidative stress contribute to the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH). tRNA-derived fragments play important roles in RNA interference and cell proliferation, but their epitranscriptional roles in PH development have not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to gain insight into the mechanistic contribution of oxidative stress-induced 8-oxoguanine in pulmonary vascular remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through small RNA modification array analysis and quantitative polymerase chain reaction, a significant upregulation of the 8-oxoguanine-modified tRF-1-AspGTC was found in the lung tissues and the serum of patients with PH. This modification occurs at the fifth 8-oxoguanine (5o8G) tRF in the seed region of the tRNA-derived fragments. Inhibition of the 5o8G tRF reversed hypoxia-induced proliferation and apoptosis resistance in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Further investigation unveiled that the 5o8G tRF retargeted mRNA of WNT5A and CASP3 and inhibited their expression. Ultimately, BMPR2 (bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2)-reactive oxygen species/5o8G tRF/WNT5A signaling pathway exacerbated the progression of PH. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the role of site-specific 8-oxoguanine-modified tRF in promoting the development of PH. Our findings present a promising therapeutic avenue for managing PH and propose 5o8G tRF as a potential innovative marker for diagnosing this disease.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202408056, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758007

RESUMO

Here, we successfully synthesized four structurally analogous, self-assembled chiral molecular tubes with relatively high yields. This achievement involved the condensation of six equivalents of enantiomerically pure trans-cyclohexane-1,2-diamine (trans-CHDA) and three equivalents of the corresponding tetraformyl precursor. Each precursor was equipped with a luminescent linker terminated by two m-phthalaldehyde units. Even though these tetraformyl precursors are barely soluble in almost all organic solvents, the molecular tubes are highly soluble in nonpolar solvents such as chloroform, allowing us to fully characterize them in solution. The stereo-chirality of the chiral bisamino building blocks endows the frameworks of molecular tubes with planar chirality. As a consequence, all of these molecular tubes exhibit circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) with relatively large dissymmetry values |glum| up to 7 × 10-3, providing an efficient method for synthesizing CPL-active materials.

3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3103, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600123

RESUMO

Exercise is usually regarded to have short-term beneficial effects on immune health. Here we show that early-life regular exercise exerts long-term beneficial effects on inflammatory immunity. Swimming training for 3 months in male mice starting from 1-month-old curbs cytokine response and mitigates sepsis when exposed to lipopolysaccharide challenge, even after an 11-month interval of detraining. Metabolomics analysis of serum and liver identifies pipecolic acid, a non-encoded amino acid, as a pivotal metabolite responding to early-life regular exercise. Importantly, pipecolic acid reduces inflammatory cytokines in bone marrow-derived macrophages and alleviates sepsis via inhibiting mTOR complex 1 signaling. Moreover, early-life exercise increases histone 3 lysine 4 trimethylation at the promoter of Crym in the liver, an enzyme responsible for catalyzing pipecolic acid production. Liver-specific knockdown of Crym in adult mice abolishes this early exercise-induced protective effects. Our findings demonstrate that early-life regular exercise enhances anti-inflammatory immunity during middle-aged phase in male mice via epigenetic immunometabolic modulation, in which hepatic pipecolic acid production has a pivotal function.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Sepse , Camundongos , Animais , Masculino , Fígado/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética
4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 271: 116386, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614063

RESUMO

Phosphodiesterase (PDE) is a superfamily of enzymes that are responsible for the hydrolysis of two second messengers: cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). PDE inhibition promotes the gene transcription by activating cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB), initiating gene transcription of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The procedure exerts neuroprotective profile, and motor and cognitive improving efficacy. From this point of view, PDE inhibition will provide a promising therapeutic strategy for treating neurodegenerative disorders. Herein, we summarized the PDE inhibitors that have entered the clinical trials or been discovered in recent five years. Well-designed clinical or preclinical investigations have confirmed the effectiveness of PDE inhibitors, such as decreasing Aß oligomerization and tau phosphorylation, alleviating neuro-inflammation and oxidative stress, modulating neuronal plasticity and improving long-term cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/farmacologia , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/química , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/uso terapêutico , Animais , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular
5.
J Genet Genomics ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575112

RESUMO

Pathological myocardial hypertrophy is a common early clinical manifestation of heart failure, with noncoding RNAs exerting regulatory influence. However, the molecular function of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the progression from cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure remains unclear. To uncover functional circRNAs and identify the core circRNA signaling pathway in heart failure, we construct a global triple network (microRNA, circRNA, and mRNA) based on the competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) theory. We observe that cardiac hypertrophy related circRNA (circRNA CHRC), within the ceRNA network, is down-regulated in both transverse aortic constriction (TAC) mice and Ang-II--treated primary mouse cardiomyocytes. Silencing circRNA CHRC increases cross-sectional cell area, atrial natriuretic peptide, and ß-myosin heavy chain levels in primary mouse cardiomyocytes. Further screening reveals that circRNA CHRC targets the miR-431-5p/KLF15 axis implicated in heart failure progression in vivo and in vitro. Immunoprecipitation with anti-Ago2-RNA confirms the interaction between circRNA CHRC and miR-431-5p, while miR-431-5p mimics reverse Klf15 activation caused by circRNA CHRC overexpression. In summary, circRNA CHRC attenuates cardiac hypertrophy via sponging miR-431-5p to maintain the normal level of Klf15 expression.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(21): e2400847, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549185

RESUMO

Understanding the impact of long-term opioid exposure on the embryonic brain is critical due to the surging number of pregnant mothers with opioid dependency. However, this has been limited by human brain inaccessibility and cross-species differences in animal models. Here, a human midbrain model is established that uses hiPSC-derived midbrain organoids to assess cell-type-specific responses to acute and chronic fentanyl treatment and fentanyl withdrawal. Single-cell mRNA sequencing of 25,510 cells from organoids in different treatment groups reveals that chronic fentanyl treatment arrests neuronal subtype specification during early midbrain development and alters synaptic activity and neuron projection. In contrast, acute fentanyl treatment increases dopamine release but does not significantly alter gene expression related to cell lineage development. These results provide the first examination of the effects of opioid exposure on human midbrain development at the single-cell level.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Mesencéfalo , Organoides , Humanos , Mesencéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Mesencéfalo/metabolismo , Organoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Organoides/metabolismo , Analgésicos Opioides/farmacologia , Fentanila/farmacologia , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Tissue Barriers ; : 2334544, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544287

RESUMO

We aim to construct a three-dimensional nano-skin scaffold material in vitro and study its promoting effect on wound healing in vivo. In this study, hybrid constructs of three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds were successfully fabricated by combination of type I collagen (COL-1) and polylactic-glycolic acid (PLGA). Fibroblasts and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) were used to implanted into 3D scaffolds and constructed into SD skin scaffolds in vitro. Finally, the fibroblasts/scaffolds complexes were inoculated on the surface of rat wound skin to study the promoting effect of the complex on wound healing. In our study, we successfully built a 3D scaffold, which had a certain porosity. Meanwhile, the content of COL-1 in the cell supernatant of fibroblast/scaffold complexes was increased. Furthermore, the expression of F-actin, CD105, integrin ß, VEGF, and COL-1 was up-regulated in hUCMSC/scaffold complexes compared with the control group. In vivo, fibroblast/scaffold complexes promoted wound healing in rats. Our data suggested that the collagen Ⅳ and vimentin were elevated and collagen fibers were neatly arranged in the fibroblast/scaffold complex group was significantly higher than that in the scaffold group. Taken together, fibroblast/scaffold complexes were expected to be novel materials for treating skin defects.

8.
Nat Biotechnol ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514799

RESUMO

Spatially resolved gene expression profiling provides insight into tissue organization and cell-cell crosstalk; however, sequencing-based spatial transcriptomics (ST) lacks single-cell resolution. Current ST analysis methods require single-cell RNA sequencing data as a reference for rigorous interpretation of cell states, mostly do not use associated histology images and are not capable of inferring shared neighborhoods across multiple tissues. Here we present Starfysh, a computational toolbox using a deep generative model that incorporates archetypal analysis and any known cell type markers to characterize known or new tissue-specific cell states without a single-cell reference. Starfysh improves the characterization of spatial dynamics in complex tissues using histology images and enables the comparison of niches as spatial hubs across tissues. Integrative analysis of primary estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and metaplastic breast cancer (MBC) tissues led to the identification of spatial hubs with patient- and disease-specific cell type compositions and revealed metabolic reprogramming shaping immunosuppressive hubs in aggressive MBC.

9.
Nano Lett ; 24(13): 4044-4053, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517749

RESUMO

Fungal keratitis (FK) is an infectious eye disease that poses a significant risk of blindness. However, the effectiveness of conventional antifungal drugs is limited due to the intrinsic ocular barrier that impedes drug absorption. There is an urgent need to develop new therapeutic strategies to effectively combat FK. Herein, we synthesized an ultrasmall positively charged carbon dot using a simple stage-melting method. The carbon dot can penetrate the corneal barrier by opening the tight junctions, allowing them to reach the lesion site and effectively kill the fungi. The results both in vitro and in vivo demonstrated that it exhibited good biocompatibility and antifungal activity, significantly improving the therapeutic effect in a mouse model of FK. Therefore, this biophilic ultrasmall size and positive carbon dot, characterized by its ability to penetrate the corneal barrier and its antifungal properties, may offer valuable insights into the design of effective ocular nanomedicines.


Assuntos
Úlcera da Córnea , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas , Ceratite , Animais , Camundongos , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Ceratite/tratamento farmacológico , Ceratite/microbiologia , Úlcera da Córnea/tratamento farmacológico , Úlcera da Córnea/microbiologia , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas/microbiologia , Córnea/microbiologia
10.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328122

RESUMO

Vascular malformation, a key clinical phenotype of Proteus syndrome, lacks effective models for pathophysiological study and drug development due to limited patient sample access. To bridge this gap, we built a human vascular organoid model replicating Proteus syndrome's vasculature. Using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and gene overexpression, we created induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) embodying the Proteus syndrome-specific AKTE17K point mutation for organoid generation. Our findings revealed that AKT overactivation in these organoids resulted in smaller sizes yet increased vascular connectivity, although with less stable connections. This could be due to the significant vasculogenesis induced by AKT overactivation. This phenomenon likely stems from boosted vasculogenesis triggered by AKT overactivation, leading to increased vascular sprouting. Additionally, a notable increase in dysfunctional PDGFRß+ mural cells, impaired in matrix secretion, was observed in these AKT-overactivated organoids. The application of AKT inhibitors (ARQ092, AZD5363, or GDC0068) reversed the vascular malformations; the inhibitors' effectiveness was directly linked to reduced connectivity in the organoids. In summary, our study introduces an innovative in vitro model combining organoid technology and gene editing to explore vascular pathophysiology in Proteus syndrome. This model not only simulates Proteus syndrome vasculature but also holds potential for mimicking vasculatures of other genetically driven diseases. It represents an advance in drug development for rare diseases, historically plagued by slow progress.

11.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is a major cause of irreversible blindness in the working age population. The dysfunction of retinal vascular endothelial cells (RVECs) is the primary cause of PDR. Extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation promotes intracellular signaling required for RVEC proliferation, migration, survival, and tube morphogenesis. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the role of lysyl oxidase (LOX) in the cellular function of RVECs and PDR pathogenesis and to identify the underlying mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Protein expression was determined with western blot. The interaction between LOX and elastin (ELN) was detected using a co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assay, and the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay evaluated cell viability. A colony formation assay was employed to assess the proliferation of human RVECs (hRVECs), and a transwell assay to determine their migration ability. Streptozotocin was used to establish PDR in mice in vivo. A histological analysis was conducted using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. RESULTS: The results showed that LOX was overexpressed in PDR patients. The LOX knockdown suppressed ECM formation and hRVEC proliferation and migration. Additionally, LOX upregulated ELN expression. However, overexpressed ELN promoted hRVEC proliferation and migration. In vivo experiments showed that curcumin-mediated LOX deficiency restored retinal tissue structure. CONCLUSIONS: The LOX-knockdown suppressed ECM formation and hRVEC proliferation and migration by inactivating ELN. Therefore, LOX/ELN signaling may be a potential PDR biomarker.

12.
Nat Aging ; 4(3): 414-433, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321225

RESUMO

The incidence of intestinal diseases increases with age, yet the mechanisms governing gut aging and its link to diseases, such as colorectal cancer (CRC), remain elusive. In this study, while considering age, sex and proximal-distal variations, we used a multi-omics approach in non-human primates (Macaca fascicularis) to shed light on the heterogeneity of intestinal aging and identify potential regulators of gut aging. We explored the roles of several regulators, including those from tryptophan metabolism, in intestinal function and lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans. Suggesting conservation of region specificity, tryptophan metabolism via the kynurenine and serotonin (5-HT) pathways varied between the proximal and distal colon, and, using a mouse colitis model, we observed that distal colitis was more sensitive to 5-HT treatment. Additionally, using proteomics analysis of human CRC samples, we identified links between gut aging and CRC, with high HPX levels predicting poor prognosis in older patients with CRC. Together, this work provides potential targets for preventing gut aging and associated diseases.


Assuntos
Colite , Serotonina , Animais , Humanos , Idoso , Serotonina/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo , Multiômica , Colite/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Primatas/metabolismo
13.
Lab Chip ; 24(3): 396-407, 2024 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38180130

RESUMO

The effects of immunotherapeutics on interactions between immune and cancer cells are modulated by multiple components in the tumour microenvironment (TME), including endothelium and tumour stroma, which provide both a physical barrier and immunosuppressive stimuli. Herein, we report a recirculating chip to enable continuous immune cell recirculation through a microfluidic cell array to include these crucial players. This system consists of a three-layered cell array (µFCA) spatially emulating the TME, with tailored fluidic circuits establishing T cell recirculation. This platform enables the study of dynamics among the TME, immune cells in a circulatory system and cancer cell responses thereof. Through this system, we found that tumour endothelium hindered T cell infiltration into the reconstructed breast cancer tumour compartment. This negative effect was alleviated when treated with anti-human PD-L1 (programmed cell death ligand 1) antibody. Another key stromal component - cancer associated fibroblasts - attenuated T cell infiltration, compared against normal fibroblasts, and led to reduced apoptotic activity in cancer cells. These results confirm the capability of our tumour-on-a-chip system in identifying some key axes to target in overcoming barriers to immunotherapy by recapitulating immune cell interactions with the reconstructed TME. Our results also attest to the feasibility of scaling up this system for high-throughput cancer immunotherapeutic screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Microfluídica , Imunoterapia , Linfócitos T
14.
Plant Sci ; 340: 111988, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232820

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the tolerance and accumulation capacity of Dendrobium denneanum Kerr (D.denneanum) by analyzing the growth and physiological changes of D.denneanum under different levels of Zn treatments, and further transcriptome sequencing of D.denneanum leaves to screen and analyze the differentially expressed genes. The results showed that Zn400 treatment (400 mg·kg-1) promoted the growth of D.denneanum while both Zn800 (800 mg·kg-1) and Zn1600 treatment (1600 mg·kg-1) caused stress to D.denneanum. Under Zn800 treatment (800 mg·kg-1), the resistance contribution of physiological indexes was the most obvious: antioxidant system, photosynthetic pigment, osmoregulation, phytochelatins, and ASA-GSH cycle (Ascorbic acid-Glutathione cycle). D.denneanum leaves stored the most Zn, followed by stems and roots. The BCF(Bioconcentration Factor) of the D.denneanum for Zn were all more than 1.0 under different Zn treatments, with the largest BCF (1.73) for Zn400. The transcriptome revealed that there were 1500 differentially expressed genes between Zn800 treatment and group CK, of which 842 genes were up-regulated and 658 genes were down-regulated. The genes such as C4H, PAL, JAZ, MYC2, PP2A, GS, and GST were significantly induced under the Zn treatments. The differentially expressed genes were associated with phenylpropane biosynthesis, phytohormone signaling, and glutathione metabolism. There were three main pathways of response to Zn stress in Dendrobium: antioxidant action, compartmentalization, and cellular chelation. This study provides new insights into the response mechanisms of D.denneanum to Zn stress and helps to evaluate the phytoremediation potential of D.denneanum in Zn-contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Dendrobium/genética , Antioxidantes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glutationa , Zinco
15.
Int J Mol Med ; 53(2)2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38063256

RESUMO

The Kv11.1 potassium channel encoded by the Kcnh2 gene is crucial in conducting the rapid delayed rectifier K+ current in cardiomyocytes. Homozygous mutation in Kcnh2 is embryonically lethal in humans and mice. However, the molecular signaling pathway of intrauterine fetal loss is unclear. The present study generated a Kcnh2 knockout rat based on edited rat embryonic stem cells (rESCs). Kcnh2 knockout was embryonic lethal on day 11.5 of development due to a heart configuration defect. Experiments with human embryonic heart single cells (6.5­7 weeks post­conception) suggested that potassium voltage­gated channel subfamily H member 2 (KCNH2) plays a crucial role in the development of compact cardiomyocytes. By contrast, apoptosis was found to be triggered in the homozygous embryos, which could be attributed to the failure of KCNH2 to form a complex with integrin ß1 that was essential for preventing the process of apoptosis via inhibition of forkhead box O3A. Destruction of the KCNH2/integrin ß1 complex reduced the phosphorylation level of AKT and deactivated the glycogen synthase kinase 3 ß (GSK­3ß)/ß­catenin pathway, which caused early developmental abnormalities in rats. The present work reveals a basic mechanism by which KCNH2 maintains intact embryonic heart development.


Assuntos
Canal de Potássio ERG1 , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Gravidez , Ratos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Canal de Potássio ERG1/genética , Canal de Potássio ERG1/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/genética , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Cardiopatias Congênitas/metabolismo , Integrina beta1/genética , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 265: 116065, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38160617

RESUMO

Senile plaques induced by ß-amyloid (Aß) abnormal aggregation and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) caused by tau hyperphosphorylation are important pathological manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a conserved kinase; one member GSK-3ß is highly expressed in the AD brain and involved in the formation of NFT. Hence, pharmacologically inhibiting GSK-3ß activity and expression is a good approach to treat AD. As summarized in this article, multiple GSK-3ß inhibitors has been comprehensively summarized over recent five years. However, only lithium carbonate and Tideglusib have been studied in clinical trials of AD. Besides ATP-competitive and non-ATP-competitive inhibitors, peptide inhibitors, allosteric inhibitors and other types of inhibitors have gradually attracted more interest. Moreover, considering the close relationship between GSK-3ß and other targets involved in cholinergic hypothesis, Aß aggregation hypothesis, tau hyperphosphorylation hypothesis, oxidative stress hypothesis, neuro-inflammation hypothesis, etc., diverse multifunctional molecules and multi-target directed ligands (MTDLs) have also been disclosed. We hope that these recent advances and critical perspectives will facilitate the discovery of safe and effective GSK-3ß inhibitors for AD treatment.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo , Emaranhados Neurofibrilares/metabolismo , Fosforilação
17.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 7785, 2023 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38012136

RESUMO

Quantum-dot light-emitting diodes promise a new generation of high-performance and solution-processed electroluminescent light sources. Understanding the operational degradation mechanisms of quantum-dot light-emitting diodes is crucial for their practical applications. Here, we show that quantum-dot light-emitting diodes may exhibit an anomalous degradation pattern characterized by a continuous increase in electroluminescent efficiency upon electrical stressing, which deviates from the typical decrease in electroluminescent efficiency observed in other light-emitting diodes. Various in-situ/operando characterizations were performed to investigate the evolutions of charge dynamics during the efficiency elevation, and the alterations in electric potential landscapes in the active devices. Furthermore, we carried out selective peel-off-and-rebuild experiments and depth-profiling analyses to pinpoint the critical degradation site and reveal the underlying microscopic mechanism. The results indicate that the operation-induced efficiency increase results from the degradation of electron-injection capability at the electron-transport layer/cathode interface, which in turn leads to gradually improved charge balance. Our work provides new insights into the degradation of red quantum-dot light-emitting diodes and has far-reaching implications for the design of charge-injection interfaces in solution-processed light-emitting diodes.

18.
MedComm (2020) ; 4(6): e429, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38020716

RESUMO

Mutations in LRRK2 (encoding leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 protein, LRRK2) are the most common genetic risk factors for Parkinson's disease (PD), and increased LRRK2 kinase activity was observed in sporadic PD. Therefore, inhibition of LRRK2 has been tested as a disease-modifying therapeutic strategy using the LRRK2 mutant mice and sporadic PD. Here, we report a newly designed molecule, FL090, as a LRRK2 kinase inhibitor, verified in cell culture and animal models of PD. Using the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine mice and SNCA A53T transgenic mice, FL090 ameliorated motor dysfunctions, reduced LRRK2 kinase activity, and rescued loss in the dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Notably, by RNA-Seq analysis, we identified microtubule-associated protein 1 (MAP1B) as a crucial mediator of FL090's neuroprotective effects and found that MAP1B and LRRK2 co-localize. Overexpression of MAP1B rescued 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium induced cytotoxicity through rescuing the lysosomal function, and the protective effect of FL090 was lost in MAP1B knockout cells. Further studies may be focused on the in vivo mechanisms of MAP1B and microtubule function in PD. Collectively, these findings highlight the potential of FL090 as a therapeutic agent for sporadic PD and familial PD without LRRK2 mutations.

19.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 64(12): 13, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37682569

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the potential involvement of spleen-derived monocytes in the repair process following corneal epithelial abrasion. Methods: A corneal epithelial abrasion model was established in male C57BL/6J mice, and the dynamic changes of monocyte subpopulations in the injured cornea were analyzed using flow cytometry. The effects of Ly6Chi monocyte depletion and local adoptive transfer of purified Ly6Chi monocytes on wound closure and neutrophil recruitment to the injured cornea were observed. The effect of sympathetic nerves on the recruitment of spleen-derived Ly6Chi monocytes to the injured cornea was also investigated using multiple methods. The emigration of fluorescence-labeled monocytes to the injured cornea was validated through intravital microscopy. Finally, differential genes between different groups were identified through high-throughput RNA sequencing and analyzed for functional enrichment, followed by verification by quantitative PCR. Results: Ly6Chi monocytes were present in large numbers in the injured cornea prior to neutrophil recruitment. Predepletion of Ly6Chi monocytes significantly inhibited neutrophil recruitment to the injured cornea. Furthermore, surgical removal of the spleen significantly reduced the number of Ly6Chi monocytes in the injured cornea. Further observations revealed that sympathetic blockade significantly reduced the number of Ly6Chi monocytes recruited to the injured cornea. In contrast, administration of the ß2-adrenergic receptor agonist significantly increased the number of Ly6Chi monocytes recruited to the injured cornea in animals treated with sympathectomy and catecholamine synthesis inhibition. Conclusions: Our results suggest that spleen-derived Ly6Chi monocytes, under the control of the sympathetic nervous system, play a critical role in the inflammatory response following corneal injury.


Assuntos
Lesões da Córnea , Baço , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monócitos , Córnea , Sistema Nervoso Simpático , Cicatrização
20.
Value Health ; 26(12): 1754-1762, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37722594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess and compare psychometric properties of the 3 health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instruments EQ-5D Youth version (EQ-5D-Y), Child Health Utility 9D (CHU-9D), and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0) in children and adolescents with functional dyspepsia (FD) in China. METHODS: A consecutive sample of FD outpatients were recruited from 6 tertiary medical centers in Hangzhou. The patients self-completed the 3 instruments in random order. Their feasibility, acceptability, construct validity (convergent, divergent, and known-group validity), and sensitivity were assessed. Multiple linear regression was used for identifying HRQOL-associated factors. RESULTS: A total of 1100 patients (mean age, 9.2 years; girl, 56.8%) completed the survey with no missing responses. Ceiling effect was quite higher in EQ-5D-Y (60.9%) than CHU-9D (33.8%) and PedsQL 4.0 (1.0%). The EQ-5D-Y and CHU-9D utility scores and PedsQL 4.0 total score were highly correlated (|r| = 0.593-0.661), except for the EuroQol visual analog scale score (EQ-VAS). The intraclass correlation coefficient between the 2 utility scores was fair (0.542). Most conceptually similar dimensions among the 3 instruments showed moderate to high correlations (|r| > 0.3) as hypothesized. The difference was statistically significant for the 2 utility scores and PedsQL 4.0 total score in varied severity groups (P < .001), and PedsQL 4.0 total score had higher relative efficiency and effect size values. The child's age, severity of FD symptoms, and their guardian's education had significant impact on HRQOL (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: EQ-5D-Y, CHU-9D, and PedsQL 4.0 demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties in Chinese children with FD. PedsQL 4.0 showed superior sensitivity and is recommended. EQ-5D-Y and CHU-9D utility scores were not interchangeable. The measurement properties of EQ-VAS need to be further explored.


Assuntos
Dispepsia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde da Criança , População do Leste Asiático , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
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