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1.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A prediction model for 30-day readmission in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) was needed. AIMS: To develop a nomogram to predict 30-day readmission in patients with AP and validate the usefulness of serum indicators after discharge for the prediction of 30-day readmission. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study enrolling patients with the first attack of AP. Baseline characteristics, clinical profiles, and serum indicators after discharge were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis and a nomogram were employed to determine the independent risk factors for 30-day readmission. RESULTS: A total of 7.32% (121/1653) of the patients were readmitted within 30 days after discharge. Different etiologies (biliary pancreatitis (adjusted odds ratio (AdjOR), 9.63; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.28-72.52; P = 0.028), other causes (AdjOR, 9.37; 95% CI, 1.15-76.12, P = 0.026), mixed causes (AdjOR, 10.76; 95% CI, 1.27-91.35; P = 0.03) compared with alcoholic pancreatitis)), infected pancreatitis necrosis (IPN) (AdjOR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.2-4.42; P = 0.013), total bilirubin level ≥ 20.5 µmol/L (AdjOR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.23-4.77; P = 0.01), glucose level ≥ 6.1 mmol/L (AdjOR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.16-3.19; P = 0.011), and albumin level < 40 g/L (AdjOR, 4.25; 95% CI, 2.44-7.41; P < 0.001) were independently associated with 30-day readmission. A nomogram incorporating these factors demonstrated good discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility. Serum indicators after discharge added predictive value compared with clinical variables alone (AUC, 0.78 vs. 0.685; P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram combining etiology, IPN, and serum indicators after discharge has favorable predictive performance for 30-Day readmission. The close monitoring and reexamination of serum indicators are essential for AP patients at high risk.

2.
Epilepsia ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vigabatrin (VGB) is the first-line treatment for infantile spasms (IS). Previous studies have shown that VGB exposure may cause vigabatrin-associated brain abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (VABAM). Based on previous studies, this study aimed to go further to explore the possible risk factors and the incidence of VABAM. In addition, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) were compared to explore whether DWI should be used as a routine examination sequence when MRI is performed in children receiving VGB. METHODS: Children with IS receiving VGB were selected as the study subjects. Whether VABAM occurred or not was categorized as the VABAM group and the non-VABAM group, respectively. Their general clinical data and medication exposure were collected. The possible risk factors of VABAM and different MRI sequences were compared and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 77 children with IS were enrolled in the study, of which 25 (32.5%) developed VABAM. Twenty-three of the 25 VABAM cases have a peak dosage of VGB between 50 and 150 mg/kg/day. The earliest observation time of VABAM was 30 days. Regression analysis of relevant risk factors showed that the peak dosage of VGB was the risk factor for VABAM. Comparison between different MRI sequences showed that DWI is more sensitive than T2WI to the evaluation of VABAM. SIGNIFICANCE: In our study, the occurrence of VABAM was 32.5%, indicating a higher incidence than in most previous reports. In addition, we once again verified that the peak dosage of VGB was the risk factor of VABAM. Caution should be exercised that our data also suggest that VABAM may occur even using the conventional dosage of VGB (ie, 50-150 mg/kg/day). Therefore, even when using the conventional dosage of VGB, regular MRI examination should be required. Furthermore, DWI sequence should be used as a routine examination sequence when MRI is performed in children with IS who are receiving VGB.

3.
Phytomedicine ; : 153777, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a severe diabetic complication that is the principal cause of end-stage kidney disease worldwide. Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction (HLJDD) is widely used to treat diabetes clinically. However, the nephroprotective effects and potential mechanism of action of HLJDD against DN have not yet been fully elucidated. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the potential roles of HLJDD in DN and elucidate its mechanisms in db/db mice. METHODS: An integrated strategy of network pharmacology, pharmacodynamics, molecular biology, and metabolomics was used to reveal the mechanisms of HLJDD in the treatment of DN. First, network pharmacology was utilized to predict the possible pathways for DN using the absorbed ingredients of HLJDD in rat plasma in silico. Then, combined with histopathological examination, biochemical evaluation immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence assay, western blot analysis, and UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS/MS-based metabolomics approach were applied to evaluate the efficacy of HLJDD against DN and its underlying mechanisms in vivo. RESULTS: In silico, network pharmacology indicated that the AGEs/RAGE pathway was the most prominent pathway for HLJDD against DN. In vivo, HLJDD exerted protective effects against DN by ameliorating glycolipid metabolic disorders and kidney injury. Furthermore, we verified that HLJDD protected against DN by regulating the AGEs/RAGE/Akt/Nrf2 pathway for the first time. In addition, 22 potential biomarkers were identified in urine, including phenylalanine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, glucose metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that HLJDD ameliorates DN by regulating the AGEs/RAGE/Akt/Nrf2 pathway and metabolic profiling.

4.
Cancer Med ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rearranged during transfection (RET) is a targetable oncogene. RET fusions have been reported in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, RET mutations in mCRC are less studied. Here, we aimed to characterize the clinical, pathological, and molecular landscape of RET-mutated mCRC. METHODS: Five hundred and eighty-two patients were included in this study. Next-generation sequencing was performed to detect RET mutations and calculate tumor mutation burden (TMB). We compared the clinical, pathological, and molecular characteristics of mCRC cases with tumors that harbored somatic RET mutations (N = 16, 2.7%) or had wild-type RET (N = 566, 97.3%). RESULTS: Males comprised the absolute majority of cases with RET mutations (15/16 [93.8%]) compared to their fraction among cases with wild-type RET (339/566 [59.9%]). Furthermore, all patients with RET mutations were younger than 60 years (16/16 [100%]), whereas such patients were less predominant in the group with wild-type RET (379/566 [67.0%]). Individuals with tumors positive for RET mutations more frequently exhibited mucinous histology (5/16 [31.2%] vs. 55/566 [9.7%]), exhibited a lower incidence of liver metastasis (4/16 [25.0%] vs. 335/566 [59.2%]), and higher incidence of peritoneal metastasis (9/16 [56.2%] vs.161/566 [28.4%]), expressed wild-type TP53 (8/16 [50.0%] vs.120/566 [21.2%]), and showed an increased frequency of MSI-high (6/16 [37.5%] vs. 18/566 [3.2%]). In those with microsatellite-stable mCRC, patients with RET mutations had a higher median TMB than patients with wild-type RET (9.4 vs. 6.7 mutations/Mb, respectively, p = 0.001). The median progression-free survival was similar in individuals with mutated and wild-type RET on the oxaliplatin-based regimen (7.1 vs. 8.7 months, p = 0.516). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that cases with RET mutations represent a separate mCRC subtype. Further studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of RET inhibitors in mCRC patients with RET mutations.

5.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 455, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are pivotal regulators of various human cancers and circ-ERBB2 is abnormally expressed in breast cancer cells. However, the role and mechanism of circ-ERBB2 in HER2-positive breast cancer are still unknown. METHODS: The circ-ERBB2 expressions in the tumor tissues of HER2-positive breast cancer patients were tested using quantitative real-time PCR. The circ-ERBB2 function was investigated by cell counting kit 8 assay, Transwell, flow cytometry and Western blot. Mechanistically, fluorescence in situ hybridization, RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were conducted to confirm the interaction between circ-ERBB2 and miR-136-5p or miR-198 in HER2-positive breast cancer cells. RESULTS: Circ-ERBB2 was elevated in the tumor tissues of HER2-positive breast cancer patients. Functionally, the interference with circ-ERBB2 repressed HER2-positive breast cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion and accelerated cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the mechanistic analysis corroborated that circ-ERBB2 acted as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-136-5p or miR-198 to relieve the repressive influence of miR-136-5p or miR-198 on its target transcription factor activator protein 2C (TFAP2C). Meanwhile, in vivo assays further corroborated the oncogenic function of circ-ERBB2 in HER2-positive breast cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Circ-ERBB2 accelerated HER2-positive breast cancer progression through the circ-ERBB2/miR-136-5p/TFAP2C axis or the circ-ERBB2/miR-198/TFAP2C axis.

6.
Food Chem ; : 131501, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763932

RESUMO

Phytosterols have gained much attention due to their outstanding cholesterol-reducing effect, while the insolubility in water limits their application. The aim of this study was to synthesize a novel hydrophilic phytosteryl derivatives-phytosteryl succinyl sucrose esters (PSSEs) and investigated their water solubility and emulsifying properties. PSSEs were synthesized by esterifying phytosterol hemisuccinates with sucrose through a mild chemical reaction. PSSEs were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The yield of PSSEs exceeded 84% in N,N-dimethylformamide for 36 h of reaction under the selected conditions: 100 mmol/L phytosteryl hemisuccinates, 150 mmol/L sucrose, 110 mmol/L 1-ethyl-3-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)carbodiimide hydrochlide, 10 mmol/L 4-dimethylaminopyridine and 10 mmol/L p-toluenesulfonic acid. The water insolubility of phytosterols was overcome and the water solubility of PSSEs achieved 2.13 mg/mL. The emulsifying activity of PSSEs was 2.5 times that of phytosterols, reaching 0.95 mg/mL. PSSEs with better water solubility and emulsification properties could facilitate the widespread use of phytosterols in foods.

7.
Cell Metab ; 33(10): 1957-1973.e6, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614408

RESUMO

Skeletal aging is characterized by low bone turnover and marrow fat accumulation. However, the underlying mechanism for this imbalance is unclear. Here, we show that during aging in rats and mice proinflammatory and senescent subtypes of immune cells, including macrophages and neutrophils, accumulate in the bone marrow and secrete abundant grancalcin. The injection of recombinant grancalcin into young mice was sufficient to induce premature skeletal aging. In contrast, genetic deletion of Gca in neutrophils and macrophages delayed skeletal aging. Mechanistically, we found that grancalcin binds to the plexin-b2 receptor and partially inactivates its downstream signaling pathways, thus repressing osteogenesis and promoting adipogenesis of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells. Heterozygous genetic deletion of Plexnb2 in skeletal stem cells abrogated the improved bone phenotype of Gca-knockout mice. Finally, we developed a grancalcin-neutralizing antibody and showed that its treatment of older mice improved bone health. Together, our data suggest that grancalcin could be a potential target for the treatment of age-related osteoporosis.

8.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622424

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Histological analysis of human carotid atherosclerotic plaques is critical in understanding atherosclerosis biology and developing effective plaque prevention and treatment for ischemic stroke. However, the histological staining process is laborious, tedious, variable, and destructive to the highly valuable atheroma tissue obtained from patients. PROCEDURES: We proposed a deep learning-based method to simultaneously transfer bright-field microscopic images of unlabeled tissue sections into equivalent multiple sections of the same samples that are virtually stained. Using a pix2pix model, we trained a generative adversarial neural network to achieve image-to-images translation of multiple stains, including hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), picrosirius red (PSR), and Verhoeff van Gieson (EVG) stains. RESULTS: The quantification of evaluation metrics indicated that the proposed approach achieved the best performance in comparison with other state-of-the-art methods. Further blind evaluation by board-certified pathologists demonstrated that the multiple virtual stains have high consistency with standard histological stains. The proposed approach also indicated that the generated histopathological features of atherosclerotic plaques, such as the necrotic core, neovascularization, cholesterol crystals, collagen, and elastic fibers, are optimally matched with those of standard histological stains. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed approach allows for the virtual staining of unlabeled human carotid plaque tissue images with multiple types of stains. In addition, it identifies the histopathological features of atherosclerotic plaques in the same tissue sample, which could facilitate the development of personalized prevention and other interventional treatments for carotid atherosclerosis.

10.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657031

RESUMO

At present, low-pass whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is frequently used in clinical research and in the screening of copy number variations (CNVs). However, there are still some challenges in the detection of triploids. Restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-Seq) technology is a reduced-representation genome sequencing technology developed based on next-generation sequencing. Here, we verified whether RAD-Seq could be employed to detect CNVs and triploids. In this study, genomic DNA of 11 samples was extracted employing a routine method and used to build libraries. Five cell lines of known karyotypes and 6 triploid abortion tissue samples were included for RAD-Seq testing. The triploid samples were confirmed by STR analysis and also tested by low-pass WGS. The accuracy and efficiency of detecting CNVs and triploids by RAD-Seq were then assessed, compared with low-pass WGS. In our results, RAD-Seq detected 11 out of 11 (100%) chromosomal abnormalities, including 4 deletions and 1 aneuploidy in the purchased cell lines and all triploid samples. By contrast, these triploids were missed by low-pass WGS. Furthermore, RAD-Seq showed a higher resolution and more accurate allele frequency in the detection of triploids than low-pass WGS. Our study shows that, compared with low-pass WGS, RAD-Seq has relatively higher accuracy in CNV detection at a similar cost and is capable of identifying triploids. Therefore, the application of this technique in medical genetics has a significant potential value.

11.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665593

RESUMO

The electron dynamics of atomically thin 2-D polar metal heterostructures, which consisted of a few crystalline metal atomic layers intercalated between hexagonal silicon carbide and graphene grown from the silicon carbide, were studied using nearly degenerate transient absorption spectroscopy. Optical pumping created charge carriers in both the 2-D metals and graphene components. Wavelength-dependent probing suggests that graphene-to-metal carrier transfer occurred on a sub-picosecond time scale. Following rapid (<300 fs) carrier-carrier scattering, charge carriers monitored through the metal interband transition relaxed through several consecutive cooling mechanisms that included sub-picosecond carrier-phonon scattering and dissipation to the silicon carbide substrate over tens of picoseconds. By studying 2-D In, 2-D Ga, and a Ga/In alloy, we resolved accelerated electron-phonon scattering rates upon alloy formation as well as structural influences on the excitation of in-plane phonon shear modes. More rapid cooling in alloys is attributed to increased lattice disorder, which was observed through correlative polarization-resolved second harmonic generation and electron microscopy. This connection between the electronic relaxation rates, far-field optical responses, and metal lattice disorder is made possible by the intimate relation between nonlinear optical properties and atomic-level structure in these materials. These studies provided insights into electronic carrier dynamics in 2-D crystalline elemental metals, including resolving contributions from specific components of a 2-D metal-containing heterojunction. The correlative ultrafast spectroscopy and nonlinear microscopy results suggest that the energy dissipation rates can be tuned through atomic-level structures.

12.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713558

RESUMO

Inhibition of hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis is considered as an important treatment method for ischemic heart diseases, but related drugs are still insufficient. The present study aims to explore the protective function and mechanism of the key Chinese medicine monomer diosmetin (DIOS) on the injury of cardiomyocytes induced by hypoxia. Here, AC16 and HCM-a cells were treated with 40 µM of DIOS under hypoxic environment and a hypoxic rat model was built to study the role of DIOS. The viability and autophagy of cardiomyocytes were increased, but the apoptosis of cells was suppressed by 40 µM DIOS, under hypoxic environment. Intriguingly, 10 mM 3-methyladenine, an inhibitor of autophagy, reversed the effect of DIOS on autophagy and apoptosis of the cardiomyocytes under hypoxia. Furthermore, DIOS induced AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation and Compound C (5 µM), an AMPK inhibitor, attenuated the inhibition of DIOS on the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes under hypoxia environment. In isoprenaline-induced hypoxic rats, it was verified that DIOS inhibited apoptosis, accelerated autophagy, and activated AMPKα pathway in vivo. Our findings indicated that DIOS alleviated hypoxia-induced myocardial apoptosis via inducing the activation of AMPK-induced autophagy. In summary, the study suggested that DIOS inhibited the apoptosis and induced the autophagy of hypoxia-induced cardiomyocytes through AMPK activation.

13.
Gynecol Oncol ; 163(3): 583-592, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688503

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: This study investigated the global incidence and mortality of cervical cancer, its predictors, the temporal trend by country and age. METHODS: Data from Global Cancer Observatory 2020 for 185 countries was used to estimate current cervical cancer incidence and mortality and their associations with predictors by linear regression analysis. Estimated age-standardized rates (ASR) and average annual percentage changes (AAPC) from cancer registries for up to 53 countries through 2018 were used for trend analysis by joinpoint regression. RESULTS: Wide variations in cervical cancer were observed globally with the highest rates of incidence and mortality in East Africa (ASR, 40.1 and 28.6). The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer were positively associated with human papillomavirus, human immunodeficiency virus infection and negatively associated with cervical cancer screening coverage. In the most recent 5 years, reduction of incidence and mortality was found from 22 (AAPC, -11.2 to -0.5) and 27 countries (-21.5 to -0.3). Increase of incidence and mortality was found from 13 (1.7 to 6.5) and 5 (0.3 to 1.8) countries. Comparing to women aged above 50 years, increasing incidence were additionally found among women under age 50 years from 9 countries (ranging from 0.2 in Denmark to 3.8 in Sweden). CONCLUSIONS: While most countries with cancer registry have shown reduction in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, the increasing incidence among younger women from some developed countries warrants further implementation of effective cancer screening.

14.
Food Funct ; 12(22): 11557-11567, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709262

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of protocatechuic acid (PCA) on plasma lipid profiles and associated mechanisms with a focus on reshaping gut microbiota. Twenty-four male hamsters were randomly divided into three groups receiving a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) and two HCD diets containing 0.5% (PL) and 1% (PH) PCA, respectively. Feeding PL and PH diets for six weeks significantly reduced plasma total cholesterol by 18% and 24%, respectively. PL and PH diets also significantly lowered plasma non-HDL cholesterol by 37% and 44%, respectively. This was accompanied by an increase in fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and fecal bile acids with up-regulation on gene of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase and down-regulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase in the liver. Dietary PCA supplementation decreased hepatic lipid accumulation, whereas it increased fecal excretion of lipids. The 16S rRNA analysis found that dietary PCA significantly reduced the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes and increased the relative abundance of Bacteroidales S24-7, whereas it reduced the abundance of Lactobacillaceae. It was concluded that dietary PCA favorably modulated plasma lipid profiles and prevented the accumulation of hepatic cholesterol and lipid disposition. Such effect was mediated at least partially by increasing gut production of SCFAs and fecal excretion of bile acids via modulating the gut microbiome.

15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(22): 10698-10710, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708522

RESUMO

We examined the mechanism by which lithium chloride (LiCl) attenuates the impaired learning capability and memory function of dual-transgenic APP/PS1 mice. Six- or 12-month-old APP/PS1 and wild-type (WT) mice were randomized into four groups, namely WT, WT+Li (100 mg LiCl/kg body weight, gavage once daily), APP/PS1 and APP/PS1+Li. Primary rat hippocampal neurons were exposed to ß-amyloid peptide oligomers (AßOs), LiCl and/or XAV939 (inhibitor of Wnt/ß-catenin) or transfected with small interfering RNA against the ß-catenin gene. In the cerebral zone of APP/PS1 mice, the level of Aß was increased and those of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), phosphor-GSK3ß (ser9), ß-catenin and cyclin D1 (protein and/or mRNA levels) reduced. Two-month treatment with LiCl at ages of 4 or 10 months weakened all of these effects. Similar expression variations were observed for these proteins in primary neurons exposed to AßOs, and these effects were attenuated by LiCl and aggravated by XAV939. Inhibition of ß-catenin expression lowered the level of α7 nAChR protein in these cells. LiCl attenuates the impaired learning capability and memory function of APP/PS1 mice via a mechanism that might involve elevation of the level of α7 nAChR as a result of altered Wnt/ß-catenin signalling.

16.
J Integr Med ; 19(6): 493-502, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common in older adults and have a negative influence on their physical and mental health. General aerobic exercises (GAEs) have long been used in the treatment of sleep disorders as a non-pharmacological measure. However, there is no consensus on the efficacy of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) for treating sleep disorders in older adults and the difference between TCEs and GAEs. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effects of TCEs and GAEs on the sleep quality of older adults and the differences between these two interventions. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China Biology Medicine disc, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science Journal Database and Wanfang Data were searched from their inception to August 2020. INCLUSION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effects of TCEs and GAEs on older adults with sleep disorders were included. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were extracted by two researchers working independently. The risk bias of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5.1.0 and the quality of evidence was assessed using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to estimate sleep quality. Meta-analyses were performed to assess the total PSQI score of the exercise intervention as the primary outcome, and the scores of subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, use of sleep medication and daytime dysfunction were assessed as secondary outcomes. Subgroup, sensitivity, and meta-regression analyses were conducted to assess the contribution of covariables to heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 22 RCTs (including 1747 participants) were included in the meta-analysis. The results indicated that TCEs (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -2.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-2.82, -1.46], P < 0.001; heterogeneity: P < 0.001, I2 = 82%; 15 studies, n = 1063) and GAEs (WMD = -2.88, 95% CI [-5.22, -0.55], P < 0.001; heterogeneity: P < 0.001, I2 = 98%; 5 studies, n = 500) significantly improved total sleep quality, having favorable effects on subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, use of sleep medication and daytime dysfunction. Subgroup analysis showed that TCEs demonstrated superiority after 12 weeks (WMD = -2.77, 95% CI [-4.26, -1.28], P < 0.001; heterogeneity: P < 0.001, I2 = 85%; 5 studies, n = 420) and Qigong had a greater intervention effect for improving the sleep quality of older adults than Tai Chi (WMD = -3.37, 95% CI [-4.38, -2.35], P < 0.001; heterogeneity: P = 0.04, I2 = 63%; 4 studies, n = 321). Meta-regression revealed that the year of publication, sample size, mean age of participants, and percentage of females in the primary studies did not account for the overall heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Current evidence shows that both TCEs and GAEs, as complementary and non-pharmacological approaches, help to improve the sleep quality in older adults with potentially clinical implications; however, there was not enough evidence to conclude the difference between them. More rigorous and high-quality RCTs are needed to arrive at reliable conclusions.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Tai Ji , Idoso , China , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia
17.
Nano Lett ; 21(21): 9164-9171, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699240

RESUMO

Fibrous supercapacitors have garnered great interest from researchers because of their large electrode/electrolyte interface area, short ion transport path, and high flexibility. However, obtaining a thin gel electrolyte interlayer with a high ion transport rate and uniform thickness is still challenging. Here, we proposed an efficient wet-spinning technique to fabricate uniform polyvinyl-montmorillonite tubular layers for the preparation of a high-performance coaxial asymmetry fibrous supercapacitor (AFSC). The coaxial AFSC shows ultrahigh energy densities in the range of 2.86-4.04 µW h cm-2 at power densities of 0.16-1.61 mW cm-2 while maintaining a long cycling life (94% retention even after 20 000 cycles). After charging at a constant voltage of 2.4 V for 30 s, the flexible watchband which is composed of three series-connected AFSCs could power a commercial electronic watch for more than 2 min. This work provides a universal strategy to fabricate high-performance and wearable energy storage devices.

18.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 5514075, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539242

RESUMO

The integrity and permeability of the intestinal epithelial barrier are important indicators of intestinal health. Impaired intestinal epithelial barrier function and increased intestinal permeability are closely linked to the onset and progression of various intestinal diseases. Sinapic acid (SA) is a phenolic acid that has anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycemic, and antioxidant activities; meanwhile, it is also effective in the protection of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the specific mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory of SA and investigated its potential therapeutic activity in LPS-induced intestinal epithelial barrier and tight junction (TJ) protein dysfunction. SA improved cell viability; attenuated epithelial permeability; restored the protein and mRNA expression of claudin-1, ZO-1, and occludin; and reversed the redistribution of the ZO-1 and claudin-1 proteins in LPS-treated Caco-2 cells. Moreover, SA reduced the inflammatory response by downregulating the activation of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway and attenuated LPS-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction by decreasing the activation of the MLCK/MLC pathway. This study demonstrated that SA has strong anti-inflammatory activity and can alleviate the occurrence of high intercellular permeability in Caco-2 cells exposed to LPS.

19.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 22(9): 2757-2763, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the temporal trend as well as the burden of primary liver cancer among Mongol and non-Mongol in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The registered data from up to 20 monitoring points in the periods of 2008 to 2015 in Inner Mongolia were used to calculate and model the trend of liver cancer among Mongol and non-Mongol using log-linear regression. Logistic regression was used to characterise the risk of liver cancer by using hospitalization records from 2008 to 2017. RESULTS: Over the study period, significant reduction of liver cancer mortality was found among non-Mongol population (4.8/100,000 from 23.7/100,000 to 18.9/100,000, p=0.04), while the increase of liver cancer mortality was observed among the Mongolian population (8.4/100,000 from 10.7/100,000 to 19.1/100,000, p=0.02), particularly the Mongol from East (25.5/100,000 from 11.2/100,000 to 36.7/100,000, p=0.005). Comparing to the non-Mongol patients with primary liver cancer, the Mongolian patients were more likely to be from East Inner Mongolia (aOR=3.65, 95% CI:2.75-4.87) and those residing in urban area (aOR=2.11, 95%CI: 1.55-2.91). In 2015, a total of 3056 primary liver cancer deaths could be converted if the four known risk factors (HBV, Hepatitis C Virus, alcohol consumption and smoking) could be prevented. HBV remained to be the leading risk factor of liver cancer (PAF=56%, contributing to 2616 deaths) with the highest among the Mongol from East (PAF=65.1%, contributing to 763 deaths). CONCLUSION: The continuing increase of primary liver cancer among Mongol suggested further interventions were needed to combat its burden.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(37): 10943-10951, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514791

RESUMO

Carbonyl compounds play a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Pueraria lobata (PL), also known as "Kudzu", is a widely consumed functional food or nutraceutical and has shown promise in the prevention of diabetes and complications such as DN. To explore the beneficial effects and the underlying mechanisms of PL against DN, a new strategy for in-depth metabolic profiling of carbonyl compounds in DN mice plasma by chemical derivatization combined with UPLC-Q-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS)/MS analysis was developed for the first time. Pharmacological evaluation revealed that PL extracts containing a total of 73 identified compounds could ameliorate kidney injury and regulate abnormal glycolipid metabolism. In metabolomics analysis, 19 carbonyl compounds with significant differences were identified between DN mice and normal mice. Moreover, 12 metabolites had a tendency to return to normal levels after PL treatment. Overall, PL exerts beneficial effects on DN by regulating abnormal glycolipid metabolism and carbonyl stress, and endogenous carbonyl compounds might serve as potential biomarkers for DN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Pueraria , Animais , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Rim , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Camundongos
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