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1.
Phytochemistry ; 169: 112177, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707275

RESUMO

Two undescribed prenylated quinolinone alkaloids, aspoquinolones E and F, and three undescribed prenylated isoindolinone alkaloids aspernidines F-H, were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus nidulans. Their structures and configurations were elucidated based on spectroscopic analyses and ECD spectra. Aspoquinolones E and F possess a C10 moiety with an unusual 2,2,4-trimethyl-3oxa-bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane unit, and aspernidines F-H own a C15 side chain. These compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell lines, compounds 1 and 5 exhibited strong inhibitory activities against A-549 and SW-480 cells with IC50 values of 3.50 and 4.77 µM, respectively.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(5): 3246-3251, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635671

RESUMO

Developing new advanced nonenzymatic electrochemical nano-sensors for glucose detection has attracted intensive attraction. In this work, we designed a novel nanocomposite nonenzymatic glucose sensor by fabricating hierarchically nanostructured metal nickel on titania nanowire arrays, which was loaded on a transparent conductive substrate (i.e., fluorine-doped tin oxide, FTO) surface by mild hydrothermal method. Due to the large surface area of the hierarchically nanostructured Ni and fast electron transfer of the TiO2 nanowire arrays electrode, the nanocomposite electrode shows excellent electrochemical activity toward the oxidation of glucose. The electrode exhibits high sensitivity in detecting glucose concentration (1472 µA mM-1 cm-2) with a wide linear range from 2×10-4 M to 2×10-3 M, fast response time (within 5 s), and small detection limit (10 µM) (S/N = 3). The good analytical performance, low cost and simple preparation method make this novel electrode material promising for the development of effective glucose nonenzymatic glucose sensor.

3.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; : 110653, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787458

RESUMO

Chlorhexidine (CHX) is a widely used antiseptic in various infection control practices. In this work, we have developed biodegradable mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles (MONs) through a one-pot synthesis by employing CHX as a bifunctional agent that not any acts as a cationic template to form the structure of mesopores but also serves as a broad-spectrum antiseptic. The resulting CHX@MONs exhibit a relatively high CHX content and glutathione (GSH)-responsive release of CHX via a matrix-degradation-controlled mechanism, leading to comparable antibacterial effects with CHX on both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Furthermore, the effective antibacterial concentration of CHX@MONs shows less cytotoxicity toward normal cells. Our findings will help increase the use of CHX as an antiseptic agent, especially for responsive drug release upon bacterial infection.

4.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788988

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a cancer that originates from the nasopharyngeal epithelial tissue. NPC has s a unique pattern of geographical distribution, which is more common in East Asia and Southeast Asia [1]. In China, there were an estimated over 60,600 new cases and 34,100 deaths of NPC in 2015 [2]. Because of its particular anatomical structure and its sensitivity to radiation, radiotherapy is the main treatment method. Patients with early disease usually achieve long-term survival by radiotherapy alone.

5.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(12): 196, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784839

RESUMO

In this research, the dynamics of nitrogen transformation and bacterial community in malodorous river were investigated with different aeration depths. Computational flow dynamics (CFD) and Reynolds number (Re) were specially used to characterize the hydrodynamics condition under different aeration depths. The results indicated that aeration depth had vital impact on nitrogen transformation and bacterial community structure. It was found that a range of aeration depth (0.20-0.45 m above sediment-water interface) facilitated the removal of NH4+-N and TN with Re ranging between 6211 and 8930. Proteobacteria took over Firmicutes to become the predominant phylum (36-78%) under aeration, and the main subdivisions of γ-, ß- and δ-Proteobacteria also varied greatly with different aeration depths. Interestingly, there was a marked shift of the inferentially identified dominant functional role within Proteobacteria from organic-matter degradation to nitrogen metabolism and then to sulfur metabolism as well as the coupling of nitrogen and sulfur with the increase of disturbance. The redundancy analysis (RDA) further confirmed the importance of aeration disturbance in shaping bacterial community. These findings help to gain improved understanding of endogenous N-behavior and aquatic microbial ecology, and underline the need for integrating the hydrodynamics factors with microbial community.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803633

RESUMO

Increasingly studies revealed that dysbiosis of gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has drawn more and more attention and become an important therapeutic approach. This study aims to examine the facts about the effective components and look into potential mechanisms of FMT. Colitis was induced by 3% (w/v) dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water for 7 days. Colitis mice were administered by oral gavage with fecal suspension, fecal supernatant, fecal bacteria, or boiling-killed fecal bacteria from healthy controls and the disease activity index was monitored daily. On the seventh day, mice were euthanized. The length, histological score, parameters related to inflammation, gut barrier functions of the colon, activities of digestive protease and ß-glucuronidase in feces were measured. All of the four fecal components showed certain degree of efficacy in DSS-induced colitis, while transplantation of fecal suspension showed the most potent effect as demonstrated by less body weight loss, lower disease activity scores, more expression of tight junction proteins and TRAF6 and IκBα, less expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-10, TLR-4, and MyD88 in gut tissue, as well as restoration of fecal ß-glucuronidase and decreases in fecal digestive proteases. These results provide a novel insight into the possible mechanism of FMT and may help to improve and optimize clinical use of FMT.

7.
Neurotox Res ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721051

RESUMO

The cuprizone (CPZ)-induced demyelination is a relatively reproducible animal model and has been extremely useful for identifying the specific cellular and molecular signals that regulate oligodendrocyte survival and efficiency of oligodendrogenesis and remyelination. Here, we reported the temporal and spatial dynamics of astroglial reaction and immune response in CPZ-induced demyelinating model. CPZ did not induce significant microglia and astrocyte reaction after 2 weeks of feeding. After 4-6 weeks of CPZ feeding, microglia and astrocytes were markedly migrated and accumulated in myelin sheath. Simultaneously, the expression of tight junction protein ZO-1 was declined and the infiltration of CD4+IFNγ+ and CD4+IL-17+ T cells was increased in the brain, accompanied by increased production of IFN-γ and IL-17 in the extract of brain. However, the levels of IFN-γ and IL-17 were reduced, while IL-6 and TNF-α were elevated in the supernatant of splenocytes. At the 4th and 6th weeks of feeding, CPZ caused astrocyte activation and upregulated the expression of BDNF, CNTF, and IGF-II, providing a neurotrophic microenvironment in the brain. At this stage, NG2+ and PDGF-Rα+ oligodendroglia progenitor cells were enhanced in the corpus callosum, but the myelin sheath is still severely lost. Therefore, targeting microglia to improve the inflammatory microenvironment should contribute to the remyelination.

8.
Cereb Cortex ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690946

RESUMO

The striatopallidal pathway is specialized for control of motor and motivational behaviors, but its causal role in striatal control of instrumental learning remains undefined (partly due to the confounding motor effects). Here, we leveraged the transient and "time-locked" optogenetic manipulations with the reward delivery to minimize motor confounding effect, to better define the striatopallidal control of instrumental behaviors. Optogenetic (Arch) silencing of the striatopallidal pathway in the dorsomedial striatum (DMS) and dorsolateral striatum (DLS) promoted goal-directed and habitual behaviors, respectively, without affecting acquisition of instrumental behaviors, indicating striatopallidal pathway suppression of instrumental behaviors under physiological condition. Conversely, striatopallidal pathway activation mainly affected the acquisition of instrumental behaviors with the acquisition suppression achieved by either optogenetic (ChR2) or chemicogenetic (hM3q) activation, by strong (10 mW, but not weak 1 mW) optogenetic activation, by the time-locked (but not random) optogenetic activation with the reward and by the DMS (but not DLS) striatopallidal pathway. Lastly, striatopallidal pathway modulated instrumental behaviors through striatopallidal output projections into the external globus pallidus (GPe) since optogenetic activation of the striatopallidal pathway in the DMS and of the striatopallidal output projections in the GPe similarly suppressed goal-directed behavior. Thus, the striatopallidal pathway confers distinctive and inhibitory controls of animal's sensitivity to goal-directed valuation and acquisition of instrumental behaviors under normal and over-activation conditions, through the output projections into GPe.

9.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744039

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a novel method for automatic quantification of hepatic steatosis in histologic images based on the deep learning scheme designed to predict the fat ratio directly, which aims to improve accuracy in diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with objective assessment of the severity of hepatic steatosis instead of subjective visual estimation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six 8-week old New Zealand white rabbits of both sexes were fed with high-cholesterol, high-fat diet and sacrificed under deep anesthesia at various time points to obtain the pathological specimen. All rabbits were performed by multislice computed tomography for surveillance to measure density changes of liver parenchyma. A deep learning scheme using a convolutional neural network was developed to directly predict the liver fat ratio based on the pathological images. The average error value, standard deviation, and accuracy (error <5%) were evaluated and compared between the deep learning scheme and manual segmentation results. The Pearson's correlation coefficient was also calculated in this study. RESULTS: The deep learning scheme performs successfully on rabbit liver histologic data, showing a high degree of accuracy and stability. The average error value, standard deviation, and accuracy (error <5%) were 3.21%, 4.02%, and 79.10% for the cropped images, 2.22%, 1.92%, and 88.34% for the original images, respectively. The strong positive correlation was also observed for cropped images (R = 0.9227) and original images (R = 0.9255) in comparison to labeled fat ratio. CONCLUSIONS: This new deep learning scheme may aid in the quantification of steatosis in the liver and facilitate its treatment by providing an earlier clinical diagnosis.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694261

RESUMO

Radiation sensitive 51 (RAD51) recombinases play crucial roles in meiotic double-strand break (DSB) repair mediated by homologous recombination (HR) to ensure the correct segregation of homologous chromosomes. In this study, we identified the meiotic functions of ZmRAD51C, the maize homolog of Arabidopsis and rice RAD51C. The Zmrad51c mutants exhibited regular vegetative growth but complete sterility for both male and female inflorescence. However, the mutants showed hypersensitivity to DNA damage by mitomycin C. Cytological analysis indicated that homologous chromosome pairing and synapsis were rigorously inhibited, and meiotic chromosomes were often entangled from diplotene to metaphase I, leading to chromosome fragmentation at anaphase I. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that although the signals of the axial element absence of first division (AFD1) and asynaptic1 (ASY1) were normal, the assembly of the central element zipper1 (ZYP1) was severely disrupted. The DSB formation was normal in Zmrad51c meiocytes, symbolized by the regular occurrence of γH2AX signals. However, RAD51 and disrupted meiotic cDNA 1 (DMC1) signals were never detected at the early stage of prophase I in the mutant. Taken together, our results indicate that ZmRAD51C functions crucially for both meiotic DSB repair and homologous recombination in maize.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121503, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708286

RESUMO

Organochlorines are critical soil contaminants and the use of biochar has recently shown potential to improve soil remediation. However, little is known about biochar-microbe interactions nor the impact on environmental processes such as the immobilization and biodegradation of organochlorine compounds. In this study, we performed microcosm experiments to elucidate how biochar affected the biodegradation and sequestration of pentachlorophenol (PCP). Our results showed that the amendment of biochar markedly inhibited PCP biodegradation due to a strong sorption affinity for PCP under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Notably, the inhibitory effect was relatively weaker under anaerobic conditions than under aerobic conditions. The addition of biochar can dramatically shift the bacterial community diversity in the PCP-spiked soils. Under aerobic conditions, biochar significantly stimulated the growth of PCP-degrading bacteria Bacillus and Sphingomonas, but reduced the opportunities for microbes to contact with PCP directly. Under anaerobic conditions, the non-strict organohalide-respiring bacteria Desulfovibrio, Anaeromyxobacter, Geobacter and Desulfomonile were the main drivers of PCP transformation. Our results imply that the use of biochar as a soil remediation strategy for organochlorine compounds should be cautious.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Metabolic signatures have emerged as valuable signaling molecules in the biochemical process of type 2 diabetes (T2D). To summarize and identify metabolic biomarkers in T2D, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the associations between metabolites and T2D using high-throughput metabolomics techniques. METHODS: We searched relevant studies from MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library as well as Chinese databases (Wanfang, Vip and CNKI) inception through 31th December 2018. Meta-analysis was conducted using STATA 14.0 under random effect. Besides, bioinformatic analysis was performed to explore molecule mechanism by MetaboAnalyst and R 3.5.2. RESULTS: Finally, 46 articles were included in this review on metabolites involved amino acids, acylcarnitines, lipids, carbohydrates, organic acids and others. Results of meta-analysis in prospective studies indicated that isoleucine, leucine, valine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, glutamate, alanine, valerylcarnitine (C5), palmitoylcarnitine (C16), palmitic acid and linoleic acid were associated with higher T2D risk. Conversely, serine, glutamine and LPC C18:2 decreased risk of T2D. Arginine and glycine increased risk of T2D in western countries subgroup, and betaine was negatively correlated with T2D in nested case-control subgroup. In addition, slight improvements in T2D prediction beyond traditional risk factors were observed when adding these metabolites in predictive analysis. Pathway analysis identified 17 metabolic pathways may alter in the process of T2D and metabolite-related genes were also enriched in functions and pathways associated with T2D. CONCLUSIONS: Several metabolites and metabolic pathways associated with T2D have been identified, which provide valuable biomarkers and novel targets for prevention and drug therapy.

13.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(12): 2733-2749, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754343

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. Metastasis remains the leading cause of death in breast cancer patients. Research on the mechanism of breast cancer metastasis has become a core issue in breast cancer research. Our previous series of studies have shown that VASP, as a key oncogene, plays an important role in the development of various tumors such as breast cancer. In this study, we find that miR-638 can target to inhibit VASP expression, and Lin28 acts as an RNA-binding protein to regulate the processing of miR-638, which inhibits its maturation and promotes the expression of VASP. In addition, we also find that CREB1 acts as a transcription factor that binds to the promoter of Lin28 gene and activates the Lin28/miR-638/VASP pathway. Furthermore, CREB1 can also directly bind to the promoter of VASP, and activate VASP expression, forming a CREB/Lin28/miR-638/VASP interactive network, which plays an important role in promoting cell proliferation and migration in breast cancer. Our study explained the mechanism of CREB1/Lin28/miR-638/VASP network promoting the development of breast cancer, which further elucidated the mechanism of VASP as a key oncogene, and also provided a theoretical basis for expanding new approaches to tumor biotherapy.

14.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775267

RESUMO

Widespread in citrus fruits, naringin, a natural 2,3-dihydroflavonoid, is of particular interest to scientists and has a broad range of beneficial bioactivities to health. Orally administered naringin remains in the gut tract for a relatively long time because of its low bioavailability. Under the metabolism mediated by human gut microbiota, naringin could be an active precursor for derived metabolites to play important physiological roles. However, naringin and its metabolites are hard to accurately quantify due to severe endogenic interference. In this study, an analytical rapid resolution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (RRLC-MS/MS) method coupled with stable isotope deuterium-labeling is developed and validated to simultaneously quantify naringin as well as its major human gut microbial metabolites naringenin and 3-(4'-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid. By eliminating the matrix interferences, this strategy not only confirms naringenin and 3-(4'-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid as the predominant metabolites which contribute to the pharmacological effects of naringin but also provides a suitable choice for other flavonoid pharmacokinetics study.

15.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774269

RESUMO

Recently, crystal-phase engineering has been emerging as a promising strategy to tune the physicochemical properties of noble metal catalysts and further improve their catalytic performance. However, the synthesis of noble metal catalysts with unconventional crystal phase as well as desired composition and morphology still remains a great challenge. Herein, a series of PdM (M=Zn, Cd, ZnCd) nanosheets (NSs) with thickness less than 5 nm has been synthesized via a facile one-pot wet-chemical method. In particular, different from the conventional face-centered cubic (fcc) phase, PdM NSs possess unconventional face-centered tetragonal (fct) phase. As a proof-of-concept application, the fct PdZn NSs exhibit significantly enhanced mass activity and stability in ethanol oxidation reaction, compared to the pure Pd NSs and commercial Pd black catalyst.

16.
Mol Vis ; 25: 654-662, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741654

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify any novel mutations in CYP4V2 in 85 Chinese families with Bietti corneoretinal crystalline dystrophy (BCD) by using next-generation sequencing, and to summarize the mutation spectrum in this population, along with any genotype-phenotype correlations. Methods: A total of 90 patients with BCD from 85 unrelated Chinese families were recruited. All probands were analyzed by using gene chip-based next-generation sequencing, to capture and sequence all the exons of 57 known hereditary retinal degeneration-associated genes. The candidate variants were validated with PCR and Sanger sequencing. Results: Twenty-eight mutations were detected in all patients, including thirteen novel mutations (five missense, six deletions, one splicing and one frame-shift mutations) and 15 previously reported mutations. Mutations in 64 patients were inherited from their parents, while three patients had de novo mutations. c.802-8_810del17insGC was the most common mutation, accounting for 78% of the mutations. Although 16 patients were homozygous at this site, the clinical features of all 16 patients were highly heterogeneous. Conclusions: These results expand the spectrum of mutations in CYP4V2, and suggest that mutations in CYP4V2 may be common in the Chinese population. The phenotype of patients with the homozygous mutation (hom.c.802-8_810del17insGC) is highly heterogeneous.

17.
Trials ; 20(1): 641, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that radiation therapy (RT) followed by procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy could improve progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with high-risk World Health Organization (WHO) grade 2 gliomas after surgery. However, procarbazine is not available in China. In clinical practice, Chinese doctors often use radiotherapy combined with temozolomide (TMZ) to treat these patients, although large-scale prospective studies are lacking. This trial aims to confirm whether RT combined with temozolomide can improve PFS and OS in high-risk patients with low-grade gliomas (LGGs). METHODS/DESIGN: This is a two-group, randomized controlled trial (RCT) enrolling patients who have LGGs (WHO grade 2) and are aged 40 years or older without regard to the extent of resection or are aged younger than 40 years old with subtotal resection or biopsy. An estimated 250 patients will be enrolled. Eligible participants will be randomly assigned to receive RT alone or RT plus TMZ chemotherapy in a 1:1 ratio. The same RT will be given to all eligible participants regardless of whether they are randomly assigned to the RT group or the chemoradiotherapy (CRT) group. While in the CRT group, patients will receive adjuvant TMZ with or without concurrent radiochemotherapy. The primary outcome of this trial is PFS, and it will be analyzed by the intention-to-treat approach. Secondary outcomes include OS, adverse events, and cognitive function. DISCUSSION: The objective of our research is to assess the effect of radiotherapy coupled with TMZ in high-risk patients with LGGs after surgery, compared with RT alone. Different histological types and molecular subtypes will be examined, and a corresponding subgroup analysis will be conducted. Our data can provide evidence for postoperative adjuvant therapy in patients with high-risk LGGs in China. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800015199. Registered on 13 March 2018.

18.
Environ Pollut ; : 113580, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753626

RESUMO

Plant-specific root-microbe-soil interactions play an indisputable role in microbial adaptation to environmental stresses. However, the assembly of plant rhizosphere microbiomes and their feedbacks in modification of pollution alleviation under organochlorine stress condition is far less clear. This study examined the response of root-associated bacterial microbiomes to lindane pollution and compared the dissipation of lindane in maize-cultivated dry soils and rice-cultivated flooded soils. Results showed that lindane pollution dramatically altered the microbial structure in the rhizosphere soil of maize but had less influence on the microbial composition in flooded treatments regardless of rice growth, when the reductive dechlorination of lindane was actively coupled with natural redox processes under anaerobic conditions. After 30 days of plant growth, lindane residues dissipated much faster in anaerobic than in aerobic environments, with only 1.08 mg kg-1 lindane remaining in flooded control compared to 12.79 mg kg-1 in dry control soils. Compared to the corresponding unplanted control, maize growth significantly increased, but rice growth slightly decreased the dissipation of lindane. Our study suggests that opposite impacts would lead to the self-purification of polluted soils during the growth of xerophytic maize and hygrocolous rice. This was attributed to the contrasting belowground micro-ecological processes regarding protection of root tissues and thereby assembly of rhizosphere microbiomes shaped by the xerophytic and hygrocolous crops under different water managements, in response to lindane pollution.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747747

RESUMO

Electrically bistable devices play an important role in the next generation of information materials. Plasmonic noble metal nanoparticles (Au and Ag NPs) with diameters <6 nm were embedded into 3-D Cd-based metal-organic framework (MOF) matrixes via the photoreduction method to generate Au (Ag) NPs@MOF composites. Electrical bistability measurements on the sandwiched ITO/NPs@MOF/silver devices indicate that two switchable conductivity states with nonvolatile memory behaviors can be observed. The ITO/Au NP@2/Ag device with neutral matrix possesses the highest ON/OFF current ratio of 104, which can be attributed to its higher electron tunneling efficiency because of the better dispersity of Au NPs in the MOF matrix. A mechanism regarding the electric-field-induced charge-transfer process assisted by conformational change in the active layer was proposed.

20.
Breast Cancer ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31728872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has become a dangerous killer for the female, which seriously threatened women's life, leading to huge pressures to society. The present study assessed the mechanism underlying the involvement of bone marrow tyrosine kinase on chromosome X (BMX) in breast cancer development. METHODS: The expression of BMX was examined by qPCR and immunohistochemistry. The effect of BMX on cell proliferation and migration was detected by Clone formation assay and Transwell assay. In vitro study, the correlation of BMX with Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was explored by western blot and TOP/FOP flash assay. RESULTS: In the present study, we found that BMX was up-regulated in breast cancer, which was associated with the tumor differentiation and TNM stage. Oncogenic BMX enhanced the ability of breast cancer cell proliferation and migration. Furthermore, BMX could up-regulate the protein expression levels of p-ß-catenin (Y142), p-ß-catenin(Y654) and inhibit the expression level of p-ß-catenin (S33/37), thus activating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, we revealed that BMX promoted GSK3ß phosphorylation, which suppressed the degradation of ß-catenin. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we identified that BMX-activated Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, playing an oncogenic role in breast cancer, suggesting that BMX could become a potential treatment target of breast cancer.

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