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1.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 104, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the outcomes of hypospadias repair using tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty and modified TIP with lateral skin to widen the urethral plate (WTIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from pre-pubertal boys who underwent primary hypospadias repair between May 2018 and July 2023. The cases were divided into two groups; one group underwent TIP with urethral plate ≥ 6 mm width and the other group with urethral plate width < 6 mm underwent WTIP. WTIP urethroplasty was performed by widening incisions on the outer margins of the urethral plate to incorporate penile and glandular skin lateral to the urethral plate to facilitate tubularization. Complication rates and urinary functions were compared. RESULTS: A total of 157 patients were enrolled in this study. Eighty-eight cases with narrow urethral plate were subjected to WTIP urethroplasty, and the rest were subjected to TIP urethroplasty. The preoperative glans width in WTIP group was less than that in TIP group (P < 0.001), and 44.3% had midshaft meatus in WTIP group compared to 17.4% in TIP group (P < 0.001). However, the incidences of postoperative complications (17.6% vs. 21.6%, P = 0.550) were not statistically different between the TIP and WTIP groups. In addition, both groups did not differ significantly in postoperative uroflowmetry assessment. CONCLUSIONS: The described technique helps to create an adequately caliber aesthetic neomeatus and facilitates tubularization, especially in hypospadias with a narrow urethral plate. Our data suggest that augmentation of a narrow urethral plate with WTIP has a similar surgical outcome to that of the TIP procedure in patients with a wide urethral plate.


Assuntos
Hipospadia , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Masculino , Humanos , Hipospadia/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia , Pele , Estética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Proteínas Correpressoras
2.
Development ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572957

RESUMO

The ovarian microenvironment plays a critical role in ensuring the reproductive success of viviparous teleosts. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the interaction between spermatozoa and the ovarian microenvironment has remained elusive. This study aimed to contribute to a better understanding to this process in black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii) utilizing integrated multi-omics approaches. The results demonstrated significant upregulation of ovarian complement-related proteins and pattern recognition receptors, along with remodeling of glycans on the surface of spermatozoa at early spermatozoa-storage stage (one month after mating). As spermatozoa were stored over time, ovarian complement proteins were progressively repressed by tryptophan and hippurate, indicating a remarkable adaptation of spermatozoa to the ovarian microenvironment. Near fertilization, a notable upregulation of cellular junction proteins was observed. The study revealed that spermatozoa bind to ZPB2a protein through GSTM3 and that ZPB2a promoted spermatozoa survival and movement in a GSTM3-dependent manner. These findings shed light on a key mechanism influencing the dynamics of spermatozoa in the female reproductive tract, providing valuable insights into the molecular networks regulating spermatozoa adaptation and survival in species with internal fertilization.

3.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-11, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Circulating tumor cell (CTC) detection is a promising noninvasive technique that can be used to diagnose cancer, monitor progression, and predict prognosis. In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the clinical utility of CTCs in the management of diffuse glioma. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with newly diagnosed diffuse glioma were included in this multicenter clinical cohort. The authors used a platform based on isolation by size of epithelial tumor cells (ISET) to detect and analyze CTCs and circulating tumor microemboli (CTMs) in the peripheral blood of patients both before and after surgery. Least absolute shrinkage and selector operation (LASSO) and Cox regression analyses were used to verify whether CTCs and CTMs are independent prognostic factors for diffuse glioma. RESULTS: CTC levels were closely related to the degree of malignancy, WHO grade, and pathological subtypes. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that a high CTC level was a predictor for glioblastoma. The results also showed that CTMs originate from the parental tumor rather than from the circulation and are an independent prognostic factor for diffuse glioma. The postoperative CTC level is related to the peripheral immune system and patient survival. Cox regression analysis showed that postoperative CTC levels and CTM status are independent prognostic factors for diffuse glioma, and CTC- and CTM-based survival models had high accuracy in internal validation. CONCLUSIONS: The authors revealed a correlation between CTCs and clinical characteristics and demonstrated that CTCs and CTMs are independent predictors for the diagnosis and prognosis of diffuse glioma. Their CTC- and CTM-based survival models can enable clinicians to evaluate patients' response to surgery as well as their outcomes.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560787

RESUMO

Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)-based solid electrolytes with a Li salt-polymer-little residual solvent configuration are promising candidates for solid-state batteries. Herein, we clarify the microstructure of PVDF-based composite electrolyte at the atomic level and demonstrate that the Li+-interaction environment determines both interfacial stability and ion-transport capability. The polymer works as a "solid diluent" and the filler realizes a uniform solvent distribution. We propose a universal strategy of constructing a weak-interaction environment by replacing the conventional N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) solvent with the designed 2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (TFA). The lower Li+ binding energy of TFA forms abundant aggregates to generate inorganic-rich interphases for interfacial compatibility. The weaker interactions of TFA with PVDF and filler achieve high ionic conductivity (7.0 × 10-4 S cm-1) of the electrolyte. The solid-state Li||LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cells stably cycle 4900 and 3000 times with cutoff voltages of 4.3 and 4.5 V, respectively, as well as deliver superior stability at -20 to 45 °C and a high energy density of 300 Wh kg-1 in pouch cells.

5.
Talanta ; 274: 126006, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569371

RESUMO

This study proposes an efficient method for monitoring the submerged fermentation process of Tremella fuciformis (T. fuciformis) by integrating electronic nose (e-nose), electronic tongue (e-tongue), and colorimeter sensors using a data fusion strategy. Chemometrics was employed to establish qualitative identification and quantitative prediction models. The Pearson correlation analysis was applied to extract features from the e-nose and tongue sensor arrays. The optimal sensor arrays for monitoring the submerged fermentation process of T. fuciformis were obtained, and four different data fusion methods were developed by incorporating the colorimeter data features. To achieve qualitative identification, the physicochemical data and principal component analysis (PCA) results were utilized to determine three stages of the fermentation process. The fusion signal based on full features proved to be the optimal data fusion method, exhibiting the highest accuracy across different models. Notably, random forest (RF) was shown to be the most accurate pattern recognition method in this paper. For quantitative prediction, partial least squares regression (PLSR) and support vector regression (SVR) were employed to predict the sugar content and dry cell weight during fermentation. The best respective predictive R2 values for reducing sugar, tremella polysaccharide and dry cell weight were found to be 0.965, 0.988, and 0.970. Furthermore, due to its ability to capture nonlinear data relationships, SVR had superior performance in prediction modeling than PLSR. The results demonstrated that the combination of electronic sensor fusion signals and chemometrics provided a promising method for effectively monitoring T. fuciformis fermentation.

6.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597221

RESUMO

We report a previously unrecognized but efficient reductive degradation pathway in peroxydisulfate (PDS)-driven soil remediation. With supplements of naturally occurring low-molecular-weight organic acids (LMWOAs) in anaerobic biochar-activated PDS systems, degradation rates of 12 γ-hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCH)-spiked soils boosted from 40% without LMWOAs to a maximum of 99% with 1 mM malic acid. Structural analysis revealed that an increase in α-hydroxyl groups and a diminution in pKa1 values of LMWOAs facilitated the formation of reductive carboxyl anion radicals (COO•-) via electrophilic attack by SO4•-/•OH. Furthermore, degradation kinetics were strongly correlated with soil organic matter (SOM) contents than iron minerals. Combining a newly developed in situ fluorescence detector of reductive radicals with quenching experiments, we showed that for soils with high, medium, and low SOM contents, dominant reactive species switched from singlet oxygen/semiquinone radicals to SO4•-/•OH and then to COO•- (contribution increased from 30.8 to 66.7%), yielding superior HCH degradation. Validation experiments using SOM model compounds highlighted critical roles of redox-active moieties, such as phenolic - OH and quinones, in radical formation and conversion. Our study provides insights into environmental behaviors related to radical activation of persulfate in a broader soil horizon and inspiration for more advanced reduction technologies.

7.
Analyst ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597984

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is the most fatal and insidious malignancy, due to the existence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the high invasiveness of tumor cells. Abnormal mitochondrial viscosity has been identified as a key feature of malignancies. Therefore, this study reports on a novel fluorescent probe for mitochondrial viscosity, called ZVGQ, which is based on the twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) effect. The probe uses 3-dicyanomethyl-1,5,5-trimethylcyclohexene as an electron donor moiety and molecular rotor, and triphenylphosphine (TPP) cation as an electron acceptor and mitochondrial targeting group. ZVGQ is highly selective, pH and time stable, and exhibits rapid viscosity responsiveness. In vitro experiments showed that ZVGQ could rapidly recognize to detect the changes in mitochondrial viscosity induced by nystatin and rotenone in U87MG cells and enable long-term imaging for up to 12 h in live U87MG cells. Additionally, in vitro 3D tumor spheres and in vivo orthotopic tumor-bearing models demonstrated that the probe ZVGQ exhibited exceptional tissue penetration depth and the ability to penetrate the BBB. The probe ZVGQ not only successfully visualizes abnormal mitochondrial viscosity changes, but also provides a practical and feasible tool for real-time imaging and clinical diagnosis of glioblastoma.

8.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; : 114281, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599299

RESUMO

Nattokinase (NK) is a thrombolytic enzyme extracted from natto, which can be used to prevent and treat blood clots. However, it is sensitive to the environment, especially the acidic environment of human stomach acid, and its effect of oral ingestion is minimal. This study aims to increase NK's oral and storage stability by embedding NK in microcapsules prepared with chitosan (CS) and γ-polyglutamic acid (γ-PGA). The paper prepared a double-layer NK oral delivery system by layer self-assembly and characterized its stability and in vitro simulated digestion. According to the research results, the bilayer putamen structure has a protective effect on NK, which not only maintains high activity in various environments (such as acid-base, high temperature) and long-term storage (60 days), but also effectively protects the loaded NK from being destroyed in gastric fluid and achieves its slow release. This work has proved the feasibility of the design of bilayer putamen structure in oral administration and has good fibrolytic activity. Therefore, the novel CS/γ-PGA microcapsules are expected to be used in nutraceutical delivery systems.

9.
Ecol Evol ; 14(4): e11189, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571808

RESUMO

The issue of poor sexual performance of some male giant pandas seriously impairs the growth and the genetic diversity of the captive population, yet there is still no clear understanding of the cause of the loss of this ability and its underlying mechanism. In this study, we analyzed the gut microbiota and its function in 72 fecal samples obtained from 20 captive male giant pandas, with an equal allocation between individuals capable and incapable of natural mating. Additionally, we investigated fecal hormone levels and behavioral differences between the two groups. A correlation analysis was then conducted among these factors to explore the influencing factors of their natural mating ability. The results showed significant differences in the composition of gut microbiota between the two groups of male pandas. The capable group had significantly higher abundance of Clostridium sensu stricto 1 (p adjusted = .0021, GLMM), which was positively correlated with fatty acid degradation and two-component system functions (Spearman, p adjusted < .05). Additionally, the capable group showed higher gene abundance in gut microbiota function including purine and pyrimidine metabolism and galactose metabolism, as well as pathways related to biological processes such as ribosome and homologous recombination (DEseq2, p adjusted < .05). We found no significant differences in fecal cortisol and testosterone levels between the two groups, and no difference was found in their behavior either. Our study provides a theoretical and practical basis for further studying the behavioral degradation mechanisms of giant pandas and other endangered mammal species.

10.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2337712, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614128

RESUMO

Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC), which is characterized by chronic relapsing inflammation of the colon, results from a complex interaction of factors involving the host, environment, and microbiome. The present study aimed to investigate the gut microbial composition and metabolic variations in patients with UC and their spouses. Materials and Methods: Fecal samples were collected from 13 healthy spouses and couples with UC. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and metagenomics sequencing were used to analyze gut microbiota composition, pathways, gene expression, and enzyme activity, followed by the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes. Results: We found that the microbiome diversity of couples with UC decreased, especially that of UC patients. Bacterial composition, such as Firmicutes, was altered between UC patients and healthy controls, but was not significantly different between UC patients and their spouses. This has also been observed in pathways, such as metabolism, genetic information processing, organismal systems, and human diseases. However, the genes and enzymes of spouses with UC were not significantly different from those of healthy individuals. Furthermore, the presence of Faecalibacterium correlated with oxidative phosphorylation, starch and sucrose metabolism, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, and the bacterial secretion system, showed a marked decline in the UC group compared with their spouses, but did not vary between healthy couples. Conclusion: Our study revealed that cohabitation with UC patients decreased differences in the gut microbiome between healthy individuals and patients. Not only was the composition and diversity of the microbiota diminished, but active pathways also showed some decline. Furthermore, Firmicutes, Faecalibacterium, and the four related pathways may be associated with the pathological state of the host rather than with human behavior.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Humanos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Inflamação
11.
Int Wound J ; 21(4): e14863, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606653

RESUMO

This comparative cross-sectional study, conducted at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, aimed to evaluate the efficacy of tailored wound-centric interventions (TWCI) versus traditional pulmonary rehabilitation (TPR) in enhancing wound healing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Enrolling 340 patients with confirmed COPD, the study randomly assigned participants to either the TWCI or TPR group for a 12-week programme. The primary outcome measured was the rate of wound healing, with secondary outcomes including changes in pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and quality of life (QoL) scores. The TWCI group received a customized programme integrating standard pulmonary rehabilitation with specific wound care strategies, such as enhanced oxygen therapy, nutritional supplementation, and infection control measures. In contrast, the TPR group underwent a conventional pulmonary rehabilitation programme without targeted wound care interventions. Wound healing rates, PFTs, and QoL scores were assessed at the end of the intervention and 3 months post-intervention. The TWCI group demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in wound healing rates compared with the TPR group. The TWCI group had a 15% higher rate of reduction in wound size, a 10% rise in complete healing rates, and a 20% drop in infection rates (p < 0.05). Specifically, TWCI group exhibited higher rates of wound size reduction, complete healing, and decreased infection rates. Additionally, long-term pulmonary function and overall quality of life improvements were more pronounced in the tailored group, underscoring the benefits of a personalized approach to managing COPD and wound care. The study concluded that integrating wound-specific care strategies with pulmonary rehabilitation significantly enhances health outcomes in COPD patients with wounds. These findings supported the adoption of customized, multidisciplinary care plans, suggesting that tailored interventions can offer a comprehensive solution to the complex needs of COPD patients, potentially redefining best practices in chronic disease management.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , China , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Cicatrização
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lupus erythematosus (LE) is a spectrum of autoimmune diseases. Due to the complexity of cutaneous LE (CLE), clinical skin image-based artificial intelligence is still experiencing difficulties in distinguishing subtypes of LE. OBJECTIVES: We aim to develop a multimodal deep learning system (MMDLS) for human-AI collaboration in diagnosis of LE subtypes. METHODS: This is a multi-centre study based on 25 institutions across China to assist in diagnosis of LE subtypes, other eight similar skin diseases and healthy subjects. In total, 446 cases with 800 clinical skin images, 3786 multicolor-immunohistochemistry (multi-IHC) images and clinical data were collected, and EfficientNet-B3 and ResNet-18 were utilized in this study. RESULTS: In the multi-classification task, the overall performance of MMDLS on 13 skin conditions is much higher than single or dual modals (Sen = 0.8288, Spe = 0.9852, Pre = 0.8518, AUC = 0.9844). Further, the MMDLS-based diagnostic-support help improves the accuracy of dermatologists from 66.88% ± 6.94% to 81.25% ± 4.23% (p = 0.0004). CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight the benefit of human-MMDLS collaborated framework in telemedicine by assisting dermatologists and rheumatologists in the differential diagnosis of LE subtypes and similar skin diseases.

13.
iScience ; 27(3): 109193, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433916

RESUMO

In some vertebrates and invertebrates, semen release factors affecting female physiology and behavior. Here, we report that semen delivered to females is potentially beneficial for promoting oocyte development in a viviparous teleost, Sebastes schlegelii. 88% of mated ovaries develop normally and give birth to larval fish, whereas 61% of non-mated ovaries are arrested in the previtellogenic stage. Semen's significant role (p < 0.0001) in promoting oocyte development may involve remodeling follicular cells and regulating the expression of the extracellular matrix, which facilitates cell communication. Furthermore, the ovarian response to semen may influence the brain, affecting hormone release, follicular cell development and steroid production, and crucial for oocyte growth. This mechanism, which could potentially delay maternal investment in offspring until male genetic input occurs to avoid energy wastage, has not been previously described in teleosts. These findings enhance our understanding of ovarian development in viviparous fish, with broader implications for reproductive biology.

14.
Plant Physiol ; 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431291

RESUMO

DNA methylation affects agronomic traits and the environmental adaptability of crops, but the natural polymorphisms in DNA methylation-related genes and their contributions to phenotypic variation in maize (Zea mays) remain elusive. Here, we show that a polymorphic 10-bp Indel (insertion/deletion) variant in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of Zea methyltransferase2 (ZMET2) alters its transcript level and accounts for variation in the number of maize husk layers. ZMET2 encodes a chromomethylase and is required for maintaining genome-wide DNA methylation in the CHG sequence context. Disruption of ZMET2 increased the number of husk layers and resulted in thousands of differentially methylated regions, a proportion of which were also distinguishable in natural ZMET2 alleles. Population genetic analyses indicated that ZMET2 was a target of selection and might play a role in the spread of maize from tropical to temperate regions. Our results provide important insights into the natural variation of ZMET2 that confers both global and locus-specific effects on DNA methylation, which contribute to phenotypic diversity in maize.

15.
J Org Chem ; 89(6): 3931-3940, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450634

RESUMO

The electrochemical oxidative radical-radical cross-coupling of sulfonyl hydrazides with diselenides for the synthesis of selenosulfonates was successfully accomplished. The method is applicable to a wide range of aromatic/aliphatic sulfonyl hydrazides and diselenides, providing products in good to excellent yields. Notably, this protocol stands out for its green and sustainable nature, as it does not rely on transition metals and oxidizing agents, and the starting materials are cost-effective and readily available.

16.
Development ; 151(20)2024 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477640

RESUMO

Teleost testis development during the annual cycle involves dramatic changes in cellular compositions and molecular events. In this study, the testicular cells derived from adult black rockfish at distinct stages - regressed, regenerating and differentiating - were meticulously dissected via single-cell transcriptome sequencing. A continuous developmental trajectory of spermatogenic cells, from spermatogonia to spermatids, was delineated, elucidating the molecular events involved in spermatogenesis. Subsequently, the dynamic regulation of gene expression associated with spermatogonia proliferation and differentiation was observed across spermatogonia subgroups and developmental stages. A bioenergetic transition from glycolysis to mitochondrial respiration of spermatogonia during the annual developmental cycle was demonstrated, and a deeper level of heterogeneity and molecular characteristics was revealed by re-clustering analysis. Additionally, the developmental trajectory of Sertoli cells was delineated, alongside the divergence of Leydig cells and macrophages. Moreover, the interaction network between testicular micro-environment somatic cells and spermatogenic cells was established. Overall, our study provides detailed information on both germ and somatic cells within teleost testes during the annual reproductive cycle, which lays the foundation for spermatogenesis regulation and germplasm preservation of endangered species.


Assuntos
Espermatogônias , Testículo , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Células Intersticiais do Testículo , Células de Sertoli , Espermatogênese
17.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1339573, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487022

RESUMO

Bone defects resulting from severe trauma, tumors, inflammation, and other factors are increasingly prevalent. Stem cell-based therapies have emerged as a promising alternative. Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), sourced from dental pulp, have garnered significant attention owing to their ready accessibility and minimal collection-associated risks. Ongoing investigations into DPSCs have revealed their potential to undergo osteogenic differentiation and their capacity to secrete a diverse array of ontogenetic components, such as extracellular vesicles and cell lysates. This comprehensive review article aims to provide an in-depth analysis of DPSCs and their secretory components, emphasizing extraction techniques and utilization while elucidating the intricate mechanisms governing bone regeneration. Furthermore, we explore the merits and demerits of cell and cell-free therapeutic modalities, as well as discuss the potential prospects, opportunities, and inherent challenges associated with DPSC therapy and cell-free therapies in the context of bone regeneration.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504572

RESUMO

Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is a common malignancy worldwide. Existing evidence has revealed that EC could be associated with abnormal gene expression. Meantime, evidence supports that miRNAs act as critical regulators in gene expression through the binding to the 3'- untranslated region (3'-UTR). Accordingly, this review concludes some recent studies focusing on miRNAs that influence EC, aiming at understanding the association between miRNAs and EC more clearly and providing a reference for further studies on miRNA-related drugs treating EC.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497341

RESUMO

Bacterial infection and insufficient osteogenic activity are the main causes of orthopedic implant failure. Conventional surface modification methods are difficult to meet the requirements for long-term implant placement. In order to better regulate the function of implant surfaces, especially to improve both the antibacterial and osteogenic activity, external stimuli-responsive (ESR) strategies have been employed for the surface modification of orthopedic implants. External stimuli act as "smart switches" to regulate the surface interactions with bacteria and cells. The balance between antibacterial and osteogenic capabilities of implant surfaces can be achieved through these specific ESR manifestations, including temperature changes, reactive oxygen species production, controlled release of bioactive molecules, controlled release of functional ions, etc. This Review summarizes the recent progress on different ESR strategies (based on light, ultrasound, electric, and magnetic fields) that can effectively balance antibacterial performance and osteogenic capability of orthopedic implants. Furthermore, the current limitations and challenges of ESR strategies for surface modification of orthopedic implants as well as future development direction are also discussed.

20.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 142: 57-68, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527896

RESUMO

Non-radical activation of persulfate (PS) by photocatalysts is an effective approach for removing organic pollutants from aqueous environments. In this study, a novel Bi2O3/BiO1.3I0.4 heterojunction was synthesized using a facile solvothermal approach and used for the first time for non-radical activation of PS to degrade propranolol (PRO) in the presence of visible light. The findings found that the degradation rate of PRO in the Bi2O3/BiO1.3I0.4/PS system was significantly increased from 19% to more than 90% within 90 min compared to the Bi2O3/BiO1.3I0.4 system. This indicated that the composite system exerted an excellent synergistic effect between the photocatalyst and the persulfate-based oxygenation. Quenching tests and electron paramagnetic resonance demonstrated that the non-radical pathway with singlet oxygen as the active species played a major role in the photocatalytic process. The existence of photo-generated holes during the reaction could also be directly involved in the oxidation of pollutants. Meanwhile, a possible PRO degradation pathway was also proposed. Furthermore, the impacts of pH, humic acid and common anions on the PRO degradation by the Bi2O3/BiO1.3I0.4/PS were explored, and the system's stability and reusability were also studied. This study exhibits a highly productive catalyst for PS activation via a non-radical pathway and provides a new idea for the degradation of PRO.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Propranolol , Oxigênio Singlete , Oxirredução , Luz
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