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1.
Mol Med ; 30(1): 74, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by cartilage destruction and inflammation. CC chemokine receptor 1 (CCR1), a member of the chemokine family and its receptor family, plays a role in the autoimmune response. The impact of BX471, a specific small molecule inhibitor of CCR1, on CCR1 expression in cartilage and its effects on OA remain underexplored. METHODS: This study used immunohistochemistry (IHC) to assess CCR1 expression in IL-1ß-induced mouse chondrocytes and a medial meniscus mouse model of destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). Chondrocytes treated with varying concentrations of BX471 for 24 h were subjected to IL-1ß (10 ng/ml) treatment. The levels of the aging-related genes P16INK4a and P21CIP1 were analyzed via western blotting, and senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) activity was measured. The expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), aggrecan (AGG), and the transcription factor SOX9 were determined through western blotting and RT‒qPCR. Collagen II, matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ expression was analyzed via western blot, RT‒qPCR, and immunofluorescence. The impact of BX471 on inflammatory metabolism-related proteins under PPAR-γ inhibition conditions (using GW-9662) was examined through western blotting. The expression of MAPK signaling pathway-related molecules was assessed through western blotting. In vivo, various concentrations of BX471 or an equivalent medium were injected into DMM model joints. Cartilage destruction was evaluated through Safranin O/Fast green and hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining. RESULTS: This study revealed that inhibiting CCR1 mitigates IL-1ß-induced aging, downregulates the expression of iNOS, COX-2, and MMP13, and alleviates the IL-1ß-induced decrease in anabolic indices. Mechanistically, the MAPK signaling pathway and PPAR-γ may be involved in inhibiting the protective effect of CCR1 on chondrocytes. In vivo, BX471 protected cartilage in a DMM model. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the expression of CCR1 in chondrocytes. Inhibiting CCR1 reduced the inflammatory response, alleviated cartilage aging, and retarded degeneration through the MAPK signaling pathway and PPAR-γ, suggesting its potential therapeutic value for OA.


Assuntos
Condrócitos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Osteoartrite , PPAR gama , Receptores CCR1 , Animais , Camundongos , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/patologia , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores CCR1/metabolismo , Receptores CCR1/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo
2.
Biomol NMR Assign ; 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822991

RESUMO

The odorant binding protein, OBP44a is one of the most abundant proteins expressed in the brain of the developing fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Its cellular function has not yet been determined. The OBP family of proteins is well established to recognize hydrophobic molecules. In this study, NMR is employed to structurally characterize OBP44a. NMR chemical shift perturbation measurements confirm that OBP44a binds to fatty acids. Complete assignments of the backbone chemical shifts and secondary chemical shift analysis demonstrate that the apo state of OBP44a is comprised of six α-helices. Upon binding 8(Z)-eicosenoic acid (8(Z)-C20:1), the OBP44a C-terminal region undergoes a conformational change, from unstructured to α-helical. In addition to C-terminal restructuring upon ligand binding, some hydrophobic residues show dramatic chemical shift changes. Surprisingly, several charged residues are also strongly affected by lipid binding. Some of these residues could represent key structural features that OBP44a relies on to perform its cellular function. The NMR chemical shift assignment is the first step towards characterizing the structure of OBP44a and how specific residues might play a role in lipid binding and release. This information will be important in deciphering the biological function of OBP44a during fly brain development.

3.
Circ Res ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) generally have normal or even higher HDL (high-density lipoprotein)-cholesterol levels than people without diabetes yet are at increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Human HDL is a complex mixture of particles that can vary in cholesterol content by >2-fold. To investigate if specific HDL subspecies contribute to the increased atherosclerosis associated with T1D, we created mouse models of T1D that exhibit human-like HDL subspecies. We also measured HDL subspecies and their association with incident CVD in a cohort of people with T1D. METHODS: We generated LDL receptor-deficient (Ldlr-/-) mouse models of T1D expressing human APOA1 (apolipoprotein A1). Ldlr-/-APOA1Tg mice exhibited the main human HDL subspecies. We also generated Ldlr-/-APOA1Tg T1D mice expressing CETP (cholesteryl ester transfer protein), which had lower concentrations of large HDL subspecies versus mice not expressing CETP. HDL particle concentrations and sizes and proteins involved in lipoprotein metabolism were measured by calibrated differential ion mobility analysis and targeted mass spectrometry in the mouse models of T1D and in a cohort of individuals with T1D. Endothelial transcytosis was analyzed by total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: Diabetic Ldlr-/-APOA1Tg mice were severely hyperglycemic and hyperlipidemic and had markedly elevated plasma APOB levels versus nondiabetic littermates but were protected from the proatherogenic effects of diabetes. Diabetic Ldlr-/-APOA1Tg mice expressing CETP lost the atheroprotective effect and had increased lesion necrotic core areas and APOB accumulation, despite having lower plasma APOB levels. The detrimental effects of low concentrations of larger HDL particles in diabetic mice expressing CETP were not explained by reduced cholesterol efflux. Instead, large HDL was more effective than small HDL in preventing endothelial transcytosis of LDL mediated by scavenger receptor class B type 1. Finally, in humans with T1D, increased concentrations of larger HDLs relative to APOB100 negatively predicted incident CVD independently of HDL-cholesterol levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the balance between APOB lipoproteins and the larger HDL subspecies contributes to atherosclerosis progression and incident CVD in the setting of T1D and that larger HDLs exert atheroprotective effects on endothelial cells rather than by promoting macrophage cholesterol efflux.

4.
Cancer Med ; 13(11): e7330, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) have multiple concurrent physical and psychological symptoms. This study aimed to explore the relationship between anxiety, depression, and symptom burden in advanced CRC. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 cancer centers from geographically and economically diverse sites in China. A total of 454 patients with advanced CRC completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory. Multiple regression analysis was applied to explore the relationship between anxiety, depression and symptom burden. RESULTS: About one-third of the patients showed symptoms of anxiety or depression. Patients with anxiety or depression reported significantly higher symptom burden than those without (p < 0.001). Patients with anxiety or depression reported a higher proportion of moderate-to-severe (MS) symptom number than those without (p < 0.001). About 52% of the patients with anxiety or depression reported at least three MS symptoms. The prevalence of MS symptoms was ranging from 7.3% (shortness of breath) to 22% (disturbed sleep), and in patients with anxiety or depression was 2-10 times higher than in those without (p < 0.001). Disease stage (ß = -2.55, p = 0.003), anxiety (ß = 15.33, p < 0.001), and depression (ß = 13.63, p < 0.001) were associated with higher symptom burden. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety and depression in patients with advanced cancer correlated with higher symptom burden. Findings may lead oncology professionals to pay more attention to unrecognized and untreated psychological symptoms in symptom management for advanced cancer patients.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Neoplasias Colorretais , Depressão , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Carga de Sintomas
5.
Mol Immunol ; 172: 1-8, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850776

RESUMO

Serum amyloid P component (SAP) is a member the innate immune humoral arm and participated in various processes, including the innate immune responses, tissue remodeling, and the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Remarkably, SAP is a highly versatile immunomodulatory factor that can serve as a drug target for treating amyloid diseases and reduce inflammation, fibrosis degree, and respiratory disease. In this review, we focus on the biological activities of SAP and its application in different systemic immune-associated diseases. First, we reviewed the regulatory effects of SAP on innate immune cells and possible mechanisms. Second, we emphasized SAP as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for immune-associated diseases, including the neuropsychiatric disorders. Third, we presented several recommendations for regulating SAP in immune cell function and potential areas for future research. Some authorities consider SAP to be a pattern recognition molecule that plays multiple roles in the innate immune system and inflammation. Developing therapeutics that target SAP or its associated signaling pathways may be a promising strategy for treating immune-associated diseases.

6.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 563, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Broussonetia papyrifera is an economically significant tree with high utilization value, yet its cultivation is often constrained by soil contamination with heavy metals (HMs). Effective scientific cultivation management, which enhances the yield and quality of B. papyrifera, necessitates an understanding of its regulatory mechanisms in response to HM stress. RESULTS: Twelve Metallothionein (MT) genes were identified in B. papyrifera. Their open reading frames ranged from 186 to 372 bp, encoding proteins of 61 to 123 amino acids with molecular weights between 15,473.77 and 29,546.96 Da, and theoretical isoelectric points from 5.24 to 5.32. Phylogenetic analysis classified these BpMTs into three subclasses: MT1, MT2, and MT3, with MT2 containing seven members and MT3 only one. The expression of most BpMT genes was inducible by Cd, Mn, Cu, Zn, and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments, particularly BpMT2e, BpMT2d, BpMT2c, and BpMT1c, which showed significant responses and warrant further study. Yeast cells expressing these BpMT genes exhibited enhanced tolerance to Cd, Mn, Cu, and Zn stresses compared to control cells. Yeasts harboring BpMT1c, BpMT2e, and BpMT2d demonstrated higher accumulation of Cd, Cu, Mn, and Zn, suggesting a chelation and binding capacity of BpMTs towards HMs. Site-directed mutagenesis of cysteine (Cys) residues indicated that mutations in the C domain of type 1 BpMT led to increased sensitivity to HMs and reduced HM accumulation in yeast cells; While in type 2 BpMTs, the contribution of N and C domain to HMs' chelation possibly corelated to the quantity of Cys residues. CONCLUSION: The BpMT genes are crucial in responding to diverse HM stresses and are involved in ABA signaling. The Cys-rich domains of BpMTs are pivotal for HM tolerance and chelation. This study offers new insights into the structure-function relationships and metal-binding capabilities of type-1 and - 2 plant MTs, enhancing our understanding of their roles in plant adaptation to HM stresses.


Assuntos
Broussonetia , Metalotioneína , Metais Pesados , Filogenia , Metalotioneína/genética , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Metalotioneína/química , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Broussonetia/genética , Broussonetia/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Estresse Fisiológico , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Ligação Proteica
7.
iScience ; 27(6): 110041, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38868178

RESUMO

Compared to traditional methods, using machine learning to assess or predict the odor of molecules can save costs in various aspects. Our research aims to collect molecules with coffee odor and summarize the regularity of these molecules, ultimately creating a binary classifier that can determine whether a molecule has a coffee odor. In this study, a total of 371 coffee-odor molecules and 9,700 non-coffee-odor molecules were collected. The Knowledge-guided Pre-training of Graph Transformer (KPGT), support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), multi-layer perceptron (MLP), and message-passing neural networks (MPNN) were used to train the data. The model with the best performance was selected as the basis of the predictor. The prediction accuracy value of the KPGT model exceeded 0.84 and the predictor has been deployed as a webserver PredCoffee.

8.
Food Chem ; 455: 139740, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843715

RESUMO

Monascus species are functional fermentation fungi with great potential for selenium (Se) supplementation. This study investigated the effects of Se bio-fortification on the growth, morphology, and biosynthesis of Monascus ruber M7. The results demonstrated a significant increase in the yield of orange and red Monascus pigments (MPs) in red yeast rice (RYR) by 38.52% and 36.57%, respectively, under 20 µg/mL of selenite pressure. Meanwhile, the production of citrinin (CIT), a mycotoxin, decreased from 244.47 µg/g to 175.01 µg/g. Transcriptome analysis revealed significant upregulation of twelve genes involved in MPs biosynthesis, specifically MpigE, MpigF, and MpigN, and downregulation of four genes (mrr3, mrr4, mrr7, and mrr8) associated with CIT biosynthesis. Additionally, three genes encoding cysteine synthase cysK (Log2FC = 1.6), methionine synthase metH (Log2FC = 2.2), and methionyl-tRNA synthetase metG (Log2FC = 1.8) in selenocompound metabolism showed significantly upregulated. These findings provide insights into Se biotransformation and metabolism in filamentous fungi.

9.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400977, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837616

RESUMO

Two previously uncharacterized compounds, an aconitine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloid (1) and a napelline-type diterpenoid alkaloid C20-diterpenoid alkaloid (2), as well as ten known compounds (3-12), were isolated from Aconitum pendulum. Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic data, including 1D and 2D NMR, IR, HR-ESI-MS, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The anti-insecticidal activities of these compounds were evaluated by contact toxicity tests against two-spotted spider mites, and compounds 1, 2, and 9 showed moderate contact toxicity, with LC50 values of 0.86±0.09, 0.95±0.23, and 0.89±0.19 mg/mL, respectively. This study highlights the potential use of diterpenoid alkaloids as natural plant-derived pesticides for the management of plant pests.

10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2308393, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867657

RESUMO

The mechanism involved in major depressive disorder (MDD) is well-studied but the mechanistic origin of the heterogeneous antidepressant effect remains largely unknown. Single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) and assay for transposase-accessible chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 8 healthy individuals and 8 MDD patients before or after 12 weeks of antidepressant treatment is performed. scRNA-seq analysis reveals a lower proportion of naive T cells, particularly CD4+ naive T cells, in MDD patients compared to controls, and in nonresponders versus responders at the baseline. Flow cytometry data analysis of an independent cohort of 35 patients and 40 healthy individuals confirms the findings. Enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes indicated obvious immune activation in responders. A specific activated CD4+ naive T population in responders characterized by enhanced mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) pathway is identified. E-twenty six (ETS) is proposed as an upstream regulator of the MAPK pathway and heterogeneous differentiation in activated CD4+ naive T population is associated with the response to antidepressant treatment in MDD patients. A distinct immune feature manifested by CD4+ naive T cells during antidepressant treatment in MDD is identified. Collectively, this proposes the molecular mechanism that underlies the heterogeneous antidepressant outcomes for MDD.

11.
Biochem Pharmacol ; : 116370, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38880359

RESUMO

Tendon injuries typically display limited reparative capacity, often resulting in suboptimal outcomes and an elevated risk of recurrence or rupture. While cytokines of the IL-6 family are primarily recognised for their inflammatory properties, they also have multifaceted roles in tissue regeneration and repair. Despite this, studies examining the association between IL and 6 family cytokines and tendon repair remained scarce. gp130, a type of glycoprotein, functions as a co-receptor for all cytokines in the IL-6 family. Its role is to assist in the transmission of signals following the binding of ligands to receptors. RCGD423 is a gp130 modulator. Phosphorylation of residue Y759 of gp130 recruits SHP2 and SOCS3 and inhibits activation of the STAT3 pathway. In our study, RCGD423 stimulated the formation of homologous dimers of gp130 and the phosphorylation of Y759 residues without the involvement of IL-6 and IL-6R. Subsequently, the phosphorylated residues recruited SHP2 kinase, activating the downstream ERK and AKT pathways. These mechanisms ultimately promoted the migration ability of tenocytes and matrix synthesis, especially collagen I. Moreover, RCGD423 also demonstrated significant improvements in collagen content, alignment of collagen fibres, and biological and biomechanical function in a rat Achilles tendon injury model. In summary, we demonstrated a promising gp130 modulator (RCGD423) that could potentially enhance tendon injury repair by redirecting downstream signalling of IL-6, suggesting its potential therapeutic application for tendon injuries.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 944: 173895, 2024 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862038

RESUMO

In the context of climate change, it is crucial to examine the contributions of leading countries in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This research provides an overview of global GHG emissions from 1970 to 2022 for the world's most polluting countries: the United States, China, India, Russia, Brazil, Indonesia, Japan, Iran, Mexico, and Saudi Arabia. These countries collectively account for approximately 64% of GHG emissions. The aim is to understand the impact of various economic sectors, such as industry, energy, agriculture, and transportation, on overall emissions. The analysis highlights the disparity in per capita emissions, with smaller but major oil-producing countries in the Persian Gulf, such as Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, exhibiting high per capita emission levels, while more populated countries like the United States and South Korea show lower per capita values but significant total emission volumes. The study suggests that transitioning to renewable energy, improving energy efficiency in industry, promoting sustainable agriculture, reforestation, and electrifying transportation are key methods to achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDG). Recommendations include encouraging technological innovations, implementing stringent government regulations and standards, and garnering active support for GHG reduction programs from governments, financial institutions, and the business community. The urgency is emphasized for global efforts to combat climate change for ensuring a sustainable future.

13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(4): 897-908, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884224

RESUMO

Understanding water absorption mechanisms of sand-fixing plants is important for the rational establishment of plant community structures, thereby providing a scientific basis for desertification control and the efficient utilization of water resources in sandy areas. Based on the hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of precipi-tation, soil water, xylem water, and groundwater, coupled with soil water-heat dynamics, annual water consumption characteristics of vegetation, using the multi-source linear mixing model (IsoSource), we analyzed the differences in water sources between Salix psammophila and Artemisia ordosica, during winter and the growing season. We further examined the effects of groundwater depth (2 m and 10 m), soil freezing-thawing, and drought on their water utilization to elucidate water absorption mechanisms of those species. The results showed that: 1) During soil freezing-thawing period (January to March), S. psammophila mainly utilized soil water in 60-120 cm depths below the frozen layer (69.1%). In the green-up season (April and May), soil water from the 0-60 cm layers could satisfy the water demand of S. psammophila (30.9%-87.6%). During the dry period of the growing season (June), it predominantly utilized soil water at the depth of 120-160 cm (27.4%-40.8%). Over the rainy season (July and September), soil water in 0-60 cm depths provided 59.8%-67.9% of the total water required. A. ordosica, with shallow roots, could not utilize soil water after complete freezing of root zone but could overwinter by storing water in rhizomes during autumn. During the growing season, it primarily relied on 0-40 cm soil layer (23.4%-86.8%). During the dry period, it mainly utilized soil water from 40-80 cm and 80-160 cm soil layers, with utilization rates of 14.6%-74.4% and 21.8%-78.2%, respectively. 2) With decreasing groundwater depth, vegetation shifted its water absorption depth upward, with water source of S. psammophila transitioning from 120-160 cm to 60-160 cm layers, while A. ordosica shifted water absorption depth from 80-160 cm to 0-40 cm. S. psammophila's utilization of soil water is influenced by transpiration, adopting an "on-demand" approach to achieve a balance between water supply and energy conservation, whereas A. ordosica tends to utilize shallow soil water, exhibiting a higher depen-dence on water sources from a single soil layer.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Salix , Areia , Solo , Água , Água/análise , Água/metabolismo , Artemisia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Artemisia/metabolismo , China , Solo/química , Salix/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Salix/metabolismo , Clima Desértico , Água Subterrânea/química , Água Subterrânea/análise , Ecossistema
14.
Inorg Chem ; 63(24): 11416-11423, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843409

RESUMO

The core-shell microstructures are attracting much interest, most notably for their superior performance compared with their pure counterparts because of the interfacial effect. Comprehensively understanding the mechanism of the interfacial effect is critical but still elusive. Here, we report real-time dark-field optical microscopy (DFM) imaging of the selective etching in the core region of single cuprous oxide-bismoclite (Cu2O@BiOCl) core-shell microcrystals by I-. In situ DFM observations reveal that the reaction activity of Cu2O is significantly improved after coating the BiOCl shell layer, and the I- diffuses through the BiOCl shell and approaches the interface region, followed by etching the Cu2O core. During the etching process, two distinct reaction pathways, such as interfacial Cu2+-driven redox etching and confinement-governed dissolution, are identified. The interfacial Cu2+ is generated due to the coordination number difference at the core-shell interface. Moreover, according to the in situ DFM single-crystal imaging results, the ensemble adsorption capacity improvement for I- is also demonstrated in Cu2O@BiOCl core-shell microcrystals. These findings provide deep insights into the interfacial effect of core-shell microcrystals and establish a bridge between microscopic imaging and macroscopic practical application.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 713, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper attempted to clarify the role and mechanism of vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 72 homolog (VPS72) in the progression of prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: Clinical information and gene expression profiles of patients with prostate cancer were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). VPS72 expression in PCa and the potential mechanism by which VPS72 affects PCa progression was investigated. Next, we performed COX regression analysis to identify the independent prognostic factors of PCa, and constructed a nomogram. The sensitivity of chemotherapeutic medications was anticipated using "pRRophetic". Subsequently, in vitro assays to validate the effect of VPS72 on PCa cell proliferation, migration and susceptibility to anti-androgen therapy. RESULTS: The expression of VPS72 was considerably higher in PCa tissues compared to normal tissues. Significant correlations were found between high VPS72 expression and a poor prognosis and adverse clinicopathological factors. The nomogram model constructed based on VPS72 expression has good predictive performance. According to GSEA, VPS72-related genes were enriched in the NF-kB pathways, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and chemokine signaling pathway in PCa. Although PCa with low VPS72 expression was more adaptable to chemotherapeutic medications, our in vitro experiment showed that VPS72 knockdown significantly decreased the PCa cell migration, proliferation, and resistance to anti-androgen therapy. CONCLUSIONS: In summary our findings suggests that VPS72 could play a crucial role in the malignant progression of PCa, and its expression level can be employed as a possible biomarker of PCa prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Idoso , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Androgênios/farmacologia , Nomogramas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Inflammopharmacology ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758516

RESUMO

Small intestine damage caused by diclofenac is called diclofenac enteropathy. Berberine (BBR), a class of isoquinoline alkaloids derived from Berberis vulgaris and Phellodendron amurense, is widely used in intestinal diseases. The present study evaluated the protective effect of BBR on the intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier in diclofenac enteropathy and its possible action mechanism. The in vitro animal experiment revealed that BBR downregulated the expression of long non-coding RNA H19 (lncRNA H19) in the small intestine and exosomes. In the co-culture experiment involving exosomes and intestinal epithelial cell-6 (IEC-6) cells, the results of qRT-PCR, western blotting, and immunofluorescence assays demonstrated that the elevated expression of lncRNA H19 in the small intestine, conveyed via exosomes derived from the diclofenac group, suppressed the expression levels of autophagy-associated protein 5 (Atg 5) and light chain 3 (LC 3), as well as and the tight junction (TJ) proteins zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), claudin-1, and occluding, relative to the control group. BBR treatment attenuated exosomal lncRNA H19 levels, upregulated the expression of Atg5 and LC3 expression, enhanced TJ protein expression, and increased the light chain 3 (LC3)-II/LC3-I ratio. These findings significantly elucidated that BBR promoted the restoration of autophagy in IECs by inhibiting exosomal lncRNA H19, thereby mitigating the impairment of the intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier function in diclofenac enteropathy. The process involving exosomal lncRNA H19 regulating autophagy, thereby affecting the intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier, offers a novel perspective for the application of BBR in the treatment of diclofenac enteropathy.

17.
Immunity ; 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761804

RESUMO

Recent evidence reveals hyper T follicular helper (Tfh) cell responses in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); however, molecular mechanisms responsible for hyper Tfh cell responses and whether they cause SLE are unclear. We found that SLE patients downregulated both ubiquitin ligases, casitas B-lineage lymphoma (CBL) and CBLB (CBLs), in CD4+ T cells. T cell-specific CBLs-deficient mice developed hyper Tfh cell responses and SLE, whereas blockade of Tfh cell development in the mutant mice was sufficient to prevent SLE. ICOS was upregulated in SLE Tfh cells, whose signaling increased BCL6 by attenuating BCL6 degradation via chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). Conversely, CBLs restrained BCL6 expression by ubiquitinating ICOS. Blockade of BCL6 degradation was sufficient to enhance Tfh cell responses. Thus, the compromised expression of CBLs is a prevalent risk trait shared by SLE patients and causative to hyper Tfh cell responses and SLE. The ICOS-CBLs axis may be a target to treat SLE.

18.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302462, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753836

RESUMO

Fruit shape is an important character of watermelon. And the compositions of rhizospheric and endophytic microorganisms of watermelon with different fruit shape also remains unclear. To elucidate the biological mechanism of watermelon fruit shape formations, the rhizospheric and endophytic microbial community compositions between oval (OW) and circular watermelons (CW) were analyzed. The results showed that except of the rhizospheric bacterial richness (P < 0.05), the rhizospheric and endophytic microbial (bacterial and fungal) diversity were not statistically significant between OW and CW (P > 0.05). However, the endophytic microbial (bacterial and fungal) compositions were significantly different. Firstly, Bacillus, Rhodanobacter, Cupriavidus, Luteimonas, and Devosia were the unique soil dominant bacterial genera in rhizospheres of circular watermelon (CW); In contrast, Nocardioides, Ensifer, and Saccharomonospora were the special soil dominant bacterial genera in rhizospheres of oval watermelons (OW); Meanwhile, Cephalotrichum, Neocosmospora, Phialosimplex, and Papulaspora were the unique soil dominant fungal genera in rhizospheres of circular watermelon (CW); By contrast, Acremonium, Cladosporium, Cryptococcus_f__Tremellaceae, Sodiomyces, Microascus, Conocybe, Sporidiobolus, and Acremonium were the unique soil dominant fungal genera in rhizospheres of oval watermelons (OW). Additionally, Lechevalieria, Pseudorhodoferax, Pseudomonas, Massilia, Flavobacterium, Aeromicrobium, Stenotrophomonas, Pseudonocardia, Novosphingobium, Melittangium, and Herpetosiphon were the unique dominant endophytic bacterial genera in stems of CW; In contrast, Falsirhodobacter, Kocuria, and Kineosporia were the special dominant endophytic genera in stems of OW; Moreover, Lectera and Fusarium were the unique dominant endophytic fungal genera in stems of CW; By contrast, Cercospora only was the special dominant endophytic fungal genus in stems of OW. All above results suggested that watermelons with different fruit shapes exactly recruited various microorganisms in rhizospheres and stems. Meanwhile, the enrichments of the different rhizosphric and endophytic microorganisms could be speculated in relating to watermelon fruit shapes formation.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Citrullus , Endófitos , Frutas , Fungos , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Citrullus/microbiologia , Endófitos/genética , Frutas/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Fungos/genética , Fungos/classificação , Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Microbiota/genética
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(41): 5455-5458, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689553

RESUMO

A metal-free protocol utilizing DBU catalysis for post-Ugi amide-ester exchange and Conia-ene double cyclization has been successfully developed, allowing the synthesis of diverse highly functionalized benzo-fused spiroindolines with anti-cancer activities under mild conditions. Remarkably, this methodology demonstrates promising prospects for green chemistry, as it allows for the preparation of the spiroindolines in water. Control experiments indicate that a crucial role of the cyclic imide, specifically ring rigidification, facilitates the subsequent Conia-ene cyclization.

20.
Front Genet ; 15: 1395315, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38808332

RESUMO

Background/purpose: Previous epidemiological studies have associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), yet the causality of this relationship remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the genetic causal link between ILD and RA. Methods: Genome-wide association study (GWAS) statistics for ILD and RA were collected from public datasets. Relevant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected by executing quality control steps from the GWAS summary results. A two-sample bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was performed to assess the causal relationship between the two conditions. The MR analysis primarily used the inverse variance weighting (IVW), weighted median (WM), and MR-Egger regression methods. Sensitivity analyses, including MR-Egger, leave-one-out, and MR Pleiotropy RESidual Sum and Outlier (MR-PRESSO), were conducted to evaluate the heterogeneity and pleiotropy. Replication analyses using Asian datasets were also conducted to enhance the robustness of our findings. Results: In the European population, RA was found to increase the risk of ILD by 9.6% (OR: 1.096, 95% CI: 1.023-1.174, p = 0.009). Conversely, ILD was associated with a 12.8% increased risk of RA (OR: 1.128, 95% CI: 1.013-1.256, p = 0.029). Replication analyses from Asian GWAS further supported these findings, particularly the increased risk of ILD attributable to RA (OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.18-1.49, p-value <0.001). Conclusion: Our findings underscore the clinical importance of screening for ILD in RA patients and suggest that effective management of RA could significantly benefit ILD patients. The potential applicability of novel RA treatments to ILD warrants further exploration. Additionally, racial disparities in the manifestation of these diseases should not be overlooked, as they may offer new perspectives for targeted therapies in diverse populations.

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