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1.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 2731-2744, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737110

RESUMO

Background: Inflammation contributes to the initiation and advancement of both coronary atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recent evidence has underscored the platelet-to-HDL-cholesterol ratio (PHR) as a promising inflammatory biomarker closely linked to the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). Nevertheless, the risk of adverse clinical outcomes remains unclear among CAD patients with varying PHR levels and glycemic status. Methods: A total of 56,316 CAD patients were enrolled, primarily focusing on mortality outcomes. Patients were categorized into four subgroups based on median baseline PHR values and glycemic status: lower PHR (PHR-L) and higher PHR (PHR-H) with or without T2DM. Cox proportional hazard model and subgroup analysis were employed to investigate the association between PHR and glycemic status with mortality. Results: Over a median 5.32-year follow-up, 8909 (15.8%) patients experienced all-cause mortality, with 3873 (6.9%) deaths attributed to cardiovascular causes. Compared to individuals in PHR-L/non-DM, those in PHR-H/non-DM, PHR-L/DM and PHR-H/DM groups exhibited a higher risk of all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-1.18; HR 1.21, 95% CI 1.14-1.29; HR 1.43, 95% CI 1.34-1.52, respectively], as well as cardiac mortality [HR 1.19, 95% CI 1.08-1.30; HR 1.58, 95% CI 1.44-1.74; HR 1.89, 95% CI 1.72-2.07, respectively]. Cox proportional hazard model also revealed the highest mortality risk among patients in PHR-H/DM compared to other groups (P <0.05). Restricted cubic spline regression analysis revealed a positive linear association between PHR and all-cause as well as cardiac mortality (P for non-linearity >0.05) after adjustment. Additionally, subgroup analysis indicated consistent effects on cardiac mortality within diverse subsets. Conclusion: In this real-world observational cohort analysis, elevated PHR levels joint with T2DM were related to adverse long-term clinical outcomes in CAD patients. PHR levels may serve as a valuable tool for identifying high-risk individuals within this specific group. Trial Registration: The Cardiorenal ImprovemeNt II registry NCT05050877.

2.
Oncol Lett ; 28(1): 295, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737975

RESUMO

Apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1) performs different roles in different subtypes of breast cancer. It is hypothesized to function as a tumor suppressor in basal-like breast cancer (BLBC). However, the specific role of APOA1 in BLBC and its underlying mechanisms remain unknown. The findings of the present study demonstrated a positive correlation between the expression level of APOA1 and the overall survival of patients with BLBC. Ectopic expression of APOA1 effectively inhibits the proliferation and metastasis of BLBC cells in vitro, and these effects are closely related to DNA methylation. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to report increased methylation of the promoter region and decreased methylation of the structural genes of APOA1 in BLBC cells. These alterations resulted in the downregulation of APOA1 expression and suppression of BLBC tumor growth. Collectively, the results of the present study suggested that APOA1 mRNA expression is negatively regulated by DNA methylation in BLBC. Therefore, low expression of APOA1 may be a potential risk biomarker to predict survival in patients with BLBC.

3.
Chemosphere ; 359: 142276, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761830

RESUMO

The production of solid wastes in the metallurgical industry has significant implications for land resources and environmental pollution. To address this issue, it is crucial to explore the potential of recycling these solid wastes to reduce land occupation while protecting the environment and promoting resource utilization. Steel slag, red mud, copper slag and steel picking waste liquor are examples of solid wastes generated during the metallurgical process that possess high iron content and Fe species, making them excellent catalysts for persulfate-based advanced oxidation processes (PS-AOPs). This review elucidates the catalytic mechanisms and pathways of Fe2+ and Fe0 in the activation PS. Additionally, it underscores the potential of metallurgical iron-containing solid waste (MISW) as a catalyst for PS activation, offering a viable strategy for its high-value utilization. Lastly, the article provides an outlook towards future challenges and prospects for MISW in PS activation for the degradation of organic pollutants.


Assuntos
Ferro , Resíduos Sólidos , Ferro/química , Catálise , Oxirredução , Metalurgia , Sulfatos/química , Poluentes Ambientais/química , Reciclagem/métodos , Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11364, 2024 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762615

RESUMO

To determine the impact of breast conservation on quality of life and identify treatment-related and other demographic factors associated with post-breast cancer treatment quality of life. A prospective study was conducted on 392 women who underwent breast cancer surgery at Hangzhou Cancer Hospital from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2022. Operable breast cancer patients who had completed all treatments except endocrine therapy were included. Patients with tumor recurrence/metastasis, bilateral or male breast cancer, and other primary malignancies were excluded. After enrollment, patients were asked to complete the BREAST-Q scale, and their pathological and medical records were reviewed. Analysis of variance was used to compare the quality of life scores among the groups. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to identify independent factors associated with quality of life scores in different domains. Participants completed the BREAST-Q scale at a median of 4.6 years after surgery. Quality of life scores varied based on the therapeutic strategy. Breast conservation has significant advantages over mastectomy in terms of breast satisfaction, psychosocial, and sexual well-being. Compared to oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery, mastectomy was independently associated with decreased breast satisfaction, psychosocial, and sexual well-being, while conventional breast-conserving surgery showed comparable outcomes to oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery in terms of these factors. Breast conservation leads to an improvement in quality of life compared to mastectomy. Oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery does not lead to a decrease in quality of life compared to conventional breast-conserving surgery and offers better outcomes compared to mastectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia Segmentar , Mastectomia , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Mastectomia Segmentar/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(21): e2308589, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491742

RESUMO

Hexagonal MAB phases (h-MAB) have attracted attention due to their potential to exfoliate into MBenes, similar to MXenes, which are predicted to be promising for Li-ion battery applications. However, the high cost of synthesizing MBenes poses challenges for their use in batteries. This study presents a novel approach where a simple ball-milling treatment is employed to enhance the purity of the h-MAB phase Ti2InB2 and introduce significant indium defects, resulting in improved conductivity and the creation of abundant active sites. The synthesized Ti2InB2 with indium defects (VIn-Ti2InB2) exhibits excellent electrochemical properties, particularly exceptional long-cycle stability at current densities of 5 A g-1 (5000 cycles, average capacity decay of 0.0018%) and 10 A g-1 (15 000 cycles, average capacity decay of 0.093%). The charge storage mechanism of VIn-Ti2InB2, involving a dual redox reaction, is proposed, where defects promote the In-Li alloy reaction and a redox reaction with Li in the TiB layer. Finally, a Li-ion full cell demonstrates cycling stability at 0.5 A g-1 after 350 cycles. This work presents the first accessible and scalable application of VIn-Ti2InB2 as a Li-ion anode, unlocking a wealth of possibilities for sustainable electrochemical applications of h-MAB phases.

6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 83(5): 550-555, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413169

RESUMO

A hallmark of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the increased levels of autoantibodies preceding the onset and contributing to the classification of the disease. These autoantibodies, mainly anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) and rheumatoid factor, have been assumed to be pathogenic and many attempts have been made to link them to the development of bone erosion, pain and arthritis. We and others have recently discovered that most cloned ACPA protect against experimental arthritis in the mouse. In addition, we have identified suppressor B cells in healthy individuals, selected in response to collagen type II, and these cells decrease in numbers in RA. These findings provide a new angle on how to explain the development of RA and maybe also other complex autoimmune diseases preceded by an increased autoimmune response.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Autoimunes , Animais , Camundongos , Autoimunidade , Autoanticorpos , Anticorpos Antiproteína Citrulinada
7.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(1): e1150, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, many studies have been conducted to examine immune response modification at epigenetic level, but the candidate effect of RNA 5-methylcytosine (m5 C) modification on tumor microenvironment (TME) of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is still unknown at present. METHODS: We assessed the patterns of m5 C modification among 417 AML cases by using nine m5 C regulators. Thereafter, we associated those identified modification patterns with TME cell infiltration features. Additionally, stepwise regression and LASSO Cox regression analyses were conducted for quantifying patterns of m5 C modification among AML cases to establish the m5 C-score. Meanwhile, we validated the expression of genes in the m5C-score model by qRT-PCR. Finally, the present work analyzed the association between m5 C-score and AML clinical characteristics and prognostic outcomes. RESULTS: In total, three different patterns of m5 C modification (m5 C-clusters) were identified, and highly differentiated TME cell infiltration features were also identified. On this basis, evaluating patterns of m5 C modification in single cancer samples was important for evaluating the immune/stromal activities in TME and for predicting prognosis. In addition, the m5 C-score was established, which showed a close relation with the overall survival (OS) of test and training set samples. Moreover, multivariate Cox analysis suggested that our constructed m5 C-score served as the independent predicting factor for the prognosis of AML (hazard ratio = 1.57, 95% confidence interval = 1.38-1.79, p < 1e-5 ). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that m5 C modification may be one of the key roles in the formation of diversity and complexity of TME. Meanwhile, assessing the patterns of m5 C modification among individual cancer samples is of great importance, which provides insights into cell infiltration features within TME, thereby helping to develop relevant immunotherapy and predict patient prognostic outcomes.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , RNA , Diferenciação Celular , Metilação
8.
Gene ; 901: 148168, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is associated with variable causes. Its etiology remains unexplained in about half of the cases, with no effective treatment available. Individuals with RPL have an irregular iron metabolism. In the present study, we identified key genes impacting iron metabolism that could be used for diagnosing and treating RPL. METHODS: We obtained gene expression profiles from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The Molecular Signatures Database was used to identify 14 gene sets related to iron metabolism, comprising 520 iron metabolism genes. Differential analysis and a weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) of gene expression revealed two iron metabolism-related hub genes. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used on clinical samples to confirm our results. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and immune infiltration analysis were conducted. In addition, we analyzed the distribution of genes and performed CellChat analysis by single-cell RNA sequencing. RESULTS: The expression of two hub genes, namely, CDGSH iron sulfur domain 2 (CISD2)and Cytochrome P450 family 17 subfamily A member 1 (CYP17A1), were reduced in RPL, as verified by both qPCR and immunohistochemistry. The Gene Ontology (GO) analysis revealed the genes predominantly engaged in autophagy and iron metabolism. The area under the curve (AUC) demonstrated better diagnostic performance for RPL using CISD2 and CYP17A1. The single-cell transcriptomic analysis of RPL demonstrated that CISD2 is expressed in the majority of cell subpopulations, whereas CYP17A1 is not. The cell cycle analysis revealed highly active natural killer (NK) cells that displayed the highest communications with other cells, including the strongest interaction with macrophages through the migratory inhibitory factor (MIF) pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that CISD2 and CYP17A1 genes are involved in abnormal iron metabolism, thereby contributing to RPL. These genes could be used as potential diagnostic and therapeutic markers for RPL.


Assuntos
Ferro , RNA , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Sequência de Bases , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Área Sob a Curva , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase
9.
Angiology ; 75(5): 434-440, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36748250

RESUMO

Older patients (≥75 years) after coronary angiography constitute an increasing proportion, but only limited data are available regarding the prognosis of geriatric contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI). Patients (≥75 years) undergoing coronary angiography between December 2010 and September 2013 were consecutively enrolled. CA-AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine of 25% or .5 mg/dL from the baseline within 48-72 h of contrast exposure. All-cause mortality was assessed during median 7.5 years (interquartile range [IQR] 6.7-8.7 years) follow-up period. In total, 571 patients aged >75 years undergoing coronary angiography were enrolled in a single center study; 82 (14.4%) patients had CA-AKI. The all-cause mortality during the median 7.5 years follow-up period was 22.0% in patients with CA-AKI and 13.1% in patients without CA-AKI (P = .015). After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the multivariable analysis indicated that CA-AKI was related to an increased risk of all-cause mortality during the median 7.5-year follow-up (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.46; 95% CI: 1.29-4.7; P = .006). CA-AKI is a significant and independent predictor of long-term mortality for patients aged over 75 years who underwent coronary angiography.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Seguimentos , Fatores de Risco , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Creatinina
11.
Clin Interv Aging ; 18: 2053-2061, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38088947

RESUMO

Background: The association between uric acid (UA) and contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) following coronary angiography (CAG) has been established. However, whether the association would vary with age remained undetermined. Methods: We performed the retrospective analysis based on the Cardio-renal Improvement II study, (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05050877), which enrolled consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography in 5 teaching hospitals in China from 2007 to 2020. The primary outcome was CI-AKI defined as the rise of serum creatinine (SCr) ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or 25% compared with the baseline value within 48 hours following CAG. The effect of age on the association between uric acid and CI-AKI was assessed by the logistic regression model. Results: A total of 36,550 patients (mean age 63.08±5.6-year-old, 41.7% men) were included in the study. After adjusting for the confounders, the risk of CI-AKI between each quartile of uric acid was insignificant in the young group. In patients of the middle group, lower UA was associated with a lower risk of CI-AKI while higher UA was associated with a higher risk (Q1 OR: 0.853, 95% CI: 0.734-0.993; Q4 OR: 1.797, 95% CI: 1.547-2.09). In patients of the elder group, lower and higher UA were both associated with a higher risk of CI-AKI (Q1 OR: 1.247, 95% CI: 1.003-1.553; Q4 OR: 1.688, 95% CI: 1.344-2.124). The restricted cubic spline indicated a non-linear association between UA and CI-AKI in middle and elder age groups but a linear association in the young age group. Conclusion: The association between uric acid and CI-AKI vary in patients of different age. Patients with elder age should maintain a middle level of uric acid while patients with middle age should consider a lower level of uric acid to reduce the risk of CI-AKI. The level of UA was an insignificant risk factor for CI-AKI in young patients.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Feminino , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Ácido Úrico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos
12.
Eur Radiol ; 2023 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38110627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the earliest optimal timing for positron emission tomography (PET) scans after 68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor-04 ([68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04) injection. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled patients who underwent 60-min dynamic 68Ga-FAPI-04 total-body PET/CT scans; the images were reconstructed at 10-min intervals (G0-10, G10-20, G20-30, G30-40, G40-50, and G50-60), and the [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 uptake patterns were evaluated. The standardised uptake value (SUV), liver signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and lesion-to-background ratios (LBRs) for different time windows were calculated to evaluate image quality and lesion detectability. The period from 30 to 40 min was then split into overlapping 5-min intervals starting 1 min apart for further evaluation. G50-60 was considered the reference. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients with suspected malignant tumours were analysed. In the images reconstructed over 10-min intervals, longer acquisition times were associated with lower background uptake and better image quality. Some lesions could not be detected until G30-40. The lesion detection rate, uptake, and LBRs did not differ significantly among G30-40, G40-50, and G50-60 (all p > 0.05). The SUVmean and LBRs of primary tumours in the reconstructed images did not differ significantly among the 5-min intervals between 30 and 40 min; for metastatic and benign lesions, G34-39 and G35-40 showed significantly better SUVmean and LBR values than the other images. The G34-39 and G50-60 scans showed no significant differences in uptake, LBRs, or detection rates (all p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The earliest optimal time to start acquisition was 34 min after injection of half-dose [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: This study evaluated 68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor-04 ([68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04) uptake patterns by comparing the image quality and lesion detection rate with 60-min dynamic [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 total-body PET/CT scans and identified the earliest optimal scan time after [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04 injection. KEY POINTS: • A prospective single-centre study showed that the earliest optimal time point to start acquisition was 34 min after injection of half-dose [68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor-04 (68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04). • There were statistically significant differences in standardised uptake value, lesion-to-background ratios, and lesion detectability between scans before and after 34 min from the injection of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-04, but these values did not change further from 34 to 60 min after injection. • With a reasonable acquisition time, the image quality could still meet diagnostic requirements.

14.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 7708, 2023 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38001072

RESUMO

Seawater electrolysis is a viable method for producing hydrogen on a large scale and low-cost. However, the catalyst activity during the seawater splitting process will dramatically degrade as salt concentrations increasing. Herein, CoP is discovered that could reject chloride ions far from catalyst in electrolyte based on molecular dynamic simulation. Thus, a binder-free electrode is designed and constructed by in-situ growth of homogeneous CoP on rGO nanosheets wrapped around the surface of Ti fiber felt for seawater splitting. As expected, the as-obtained CoP/rGO@Ti electrode exhibits good catalytic activity and stability in alkaline electrolyte. Especially, benefitting from the highly effective repulsive Cl- intrinsic characteristic of CoP, the catalyst maintains good catalytic performance with saturated salt concentration, and the overpotential increasing is less than 28 mV at 10 mA cm-2 from 0 M to saturated NaCl in electrolyte. Furthermore, the catalyst for seawater splitting performs superior corrosion-resistance with a low solubility of 0.04%. This work sheds fresh light into the development of efficient HER catalysts for salinity tolerance hydrogen evolution.

15.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 15(1): 207, 2023 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37875955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and different glucose metabolisms have been separately reported to be correlated with long-term prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, PNI application in patients with an impaired glucose metabolism has not been well validated, especially in pre-diabetic patients. This study evaluated whether PNI influences a long-term risk of mortality along different glucose metabolism statuses. METHODS: A total of 17,697 patients with AMI and a history of PCI were enrolled in this retrospective observational cohort study from January 2007 to December 2020. Three subgroups with different glucose metabolism statuses, including normal glucose regulation (NGR), pre-diabetes mellitus (pre-DM), and diabetes mellitus (DM), were divided into three groups according to the tertiles of PNI, respectively. RESULTS: All-cause mortality occurred in 2613 (14.8%) patients within a median of 4.1 years of follow-up. Upon analyzing the Kaplan-Meier plots for the NGR, pre-DM, and DM groups, the incidence of all-cause or cardiovascular mortality in the low PNI (PNI-L, ≤ 42.7) subgroup was significantly higher than that in the median PNI (PNI-M, > 42.7 and ≤ 48.2) and high PNI (PNI-H, > 48.2) subgroups (all, P < 0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors, the hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality in the PNI-L group significantly increased compared to that in the PNI-H subgroups of the NGR group (HR, 1.35; 95% CI 1.14-1.66; P < 0.001), pre-DM group (HR, 1.29; 95% CI 1.02-1.62; P < 0.001), and DM group (HR, 1.36; 95% CI 1.13-1.63; P < 0.001). Given that there was evidence of interactions between PNI and different glucose statuses (P for interaction < 0.001), patients were divided into nine subgroups, and we found that DM patients with PNI-L statuses had the highest risk of all-cause mortality compared to NGR patients with PNI-H statuses (HR, 1.69; 95% CI 1.42-2.01; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Lower PNI is a significant and independent risk factor for all-cause mortality in AMI patients undergoing PCI with different glucose metabolism statuses, and this risk further increases with DM compared to NGR or pre-DM statuses.

17.
Atherosclerosis ; : 117306, 2023 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37821270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Secondary mitral regurgitation (sMR), a major valvular disease, is prevalent in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and is associated with higher incidence of heart failure (HF) and mortality when present in combination with abnormal glucose metabolism. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR) and worsening HF in CAD patients with significant (grade ≥2) sMR. METHODS: We performed a multi-center observational study of 874 participants with significant sMR following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Cardiorenal Improvement-II (CIN-II) cohort. Patients with glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) data at admission were included in the analysis, and categorized according to the SHR, the ratio of mmol/L blood glucose to % HbA1c, as quartiles: Q1: <0.74; Q2: 0.74-0.91; Q3: 0.91-1.14; and Q4: ≥1.14. The primary clinical endpoint was worsening HF and the secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE). RESULTS: Of the 874 participants (64.1 ± 10.8 years, 80% male), 174 showed worsening HF and 226 developed MACE during a median follow-up of 3.7 years (interquartile range: 1.8-6.2 years). Compared to participants in the lowest quartile (Q1) of SHR, the highest quartile group (Q4) was at significantly higher risks of worsening HF (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.51-3.94; p< 0.001), while this was not associated with increased risk of MACE (p>0.05) after adjustment for potential covariates. For worsening HF, the results obtained for the normal glucose regulation subgroup may be more meaningful than those for the diabetes mellitus (DM) and pre-DM groups (p-interaction<0.001). For MACE, the acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (Q4 vs. Q1; HR: 0.65, 95%CI: 0.26-1.59) and non-AMI (Q4 vs. Q1; HR: 2.20, 95%CI: 1.36-3.54) subgroups differed significantly on MACE (p-interaction = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing SHR is associated with a higher risk of worsening of HF in patients with significant sMR, especially in those with normoglycemia.

18.
J Exp Med ; 220(11)2023 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37695523

RESUMO

B cells undergo several rounds of selection to eliminate potentially pathogenic autoreactive clones, but in contrast to T cells, evidence of positive selection of autoreactive B cells remains moot. Using unique tetramers, we traced natural autoreactive B cells (C1-B) specific for a defined triple-helical epitope on collagen type-II (COL2), constituting a sizeable fraction of the physiological B cell repertoire in mice, rats, and humans. Adoptive transfer of C1-B suppressed arthritis independently of IL10, separating them from IL10-secreting regulatory B cells. Single-cell sequencing revealed an antigen processing and presentation signature, including induced expression of CD72 and CCR7 as surface markers. C1-B presented COL2 to T cells and induced the expansion of regulatory T cells in a contact-dependent manner. CD72 blockade impeded this effect suggesting a new downstream suppressor mechanism that regulates antigen-specific T cell tolerization. Thus, our results indicate that autoreactive antigen-specific naïve B cells tolerize infiltrating T cells against self-antigens to impede the development of tissue-specific autoimmune inflammation.


Assuntos
Artrite , Doenças Autoimunes , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos , Animais , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Interleucina-10 , Autoantígenos
19.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(17)2023 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37687425

RESUMO

High-manganese steel (HMnS) coating was prepared using laser wire feeding cladding technology. Erosion damage behavior and erosion rate of both the HMnS coating and the HMnS substrate were investigated at room temperature using an erosion testing machine. SEM/EDS, XRD, EPMA, and microhardness analyses were used to characterize the cross sections of the coating and matrix, as well as the morphology, phase composition, and microhardness of the eroded surface. The phase composition, orientation characteristics, and grain size of the eroded surfaces of both the coating and substrate were examined by using the EBSD technique. The erosion mechanism under different erosion angles was revealed. By analyzing the plastic deformation behavior of the subsurface of the HMnS coating, the impact hardening mechanism of the high-manganese steel coating during the erosion process was investigated. The results demonstrated that the HMnS coating, prepared through laser wire feeding cladding, exhibited excellent metallurgical bonding with the substrate, featuring a dense microstructure without any cracks. The erosion rate of the coatings was lower than that of the substrate at different erosion angles, with the maximum erosion rate occurring at 35° and 50°. The damage to the coating and substrate under low-angle erosion was primarily attributed to the micro-cutting of erosion particles and a minor amount of hammering. At the 90° angle, the dominant factor was hammering. After erosion, the microhardness of both the coating and substrate sublayer increased to 380HV0.3 and 359HV0.3, respectively. Dendrite segregation, refined grains, low-angle grain boundaries, and localized dislocations, generated by laser wire feeding cladding, contributed to the deformation process of HMnS. These factors collectively enhance the hardening behavior of HMnS coatings, thereby providing excellent erosion resistance.

20.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 28(11): 588-596, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37619965

RESUMO

AIM: Cardiac biomarkers' predictive value of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) remains unclear. We analysed whether creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB (CKMB), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and preoperative N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are tied to CA-AKI patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. METHODS: In the multi-center study, we included 3553 people underwent cardiac catheterization for analysis. CA-AKI was defined as the absolute increase of over 0.3 mg/dL or an increase of more than 50% compared with the baseline serum creatinine within 48 hours following cardiac catheterization. Logistic regression model and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to examine the association between cardiac biomarkers and CA-AKI and the efficacy of Mehran risk score (MRS) model on CA-AKI prediction with and without cardiac biomarkers. RESULTS: Among 3553 people, 200 people eventually developed CA-AKI. The logistic regression model showed that log10 CKMB (odds ratio (OR): 1.97, 95%CI:1.51-2.57, p < .001), cTnI (OR: 1.03, 95%CI: 1.02-1.04, p < .001) and log10 NT-proBNP (OR: 3.19, 95%CI: 2.46-4.17, p < .001) were independent predictors of CA-AKI. The ROC curve demonstrated that area under the curve (AUC) of MRS was 0.733. CKMB, cTnI and NT-proBNP all significantly improved the AUC value in combination with MRS model. (NT-proBNP: 0.798, p < .001; CKMB: 0.758, p = .003; cTnI: 0.755, p = .002), among which the NT-proBNP had the best predictive efficacy improvement. CONCLUSION: Cardiac biomarkers of CKMB, cTnI and NT-proBNP are all independently associated with CA-AKI among patients undergoing cardiac catheterization while NT-proBNP remains the best indicator. Adding CKMB, cTnI and NT-proBNP to MRS improved the prognostic efficacy and may be considered effective tools to predict the risk of CA-AKI in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Curva ROC , Biomarcadores
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