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1.
ACS Energy Lett ; 9(4): 1803-1825, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633997

RESUMO

Growing concern regarding the impact of fossil fuels has led to demands for the development of green and renewable materials for advanced electrochemical energy storage devices. Biopolymers with unique hierarchical structures and physicochemical properties, serving as an appealing platform for the advancement of sustainable energy, have found widespread application in the gel electrolytes of supercapacitors. In this Review, we outline the structure and characteristics of various biopolymers, discuss the proposed mechanisms and assess the evaluation metrics of gel electrolytes in supercapacitor devices, and further analyze the roles of biopolymer materials in this context. The state-of-the-art electrochemical performance of biopolymer-based hydrogel electrolytes for supercapacitors and their multiple functionalities are summarized, while underscoring the current technical challenges and potential solutions. This Review is intended to offer a thorough overview of recent developments in biopolymer-based hydrogel electrolytes, highlighting research concerning green and sustainable energy storage devices and potential avenues for further development.

2.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the abundance of research examining the effects of coffee, tea, and alcohol on inflammatory diseases, there is a notable absence of conclusive evidence regarding their direct causal influence on circulating inflammatory cytokines. Previous studies have primarily concentrated on established cytokines, neglecting the potential impact of beverage consumption on lesser-studied but equally important cytokines. METHODS: Information regarding the consumption of coffee, tea, and alcohol was collected from the UK Biobank, with sample sizes of 428,860, 447,485, and 462,346 individuals, respectively. Data on 41 inflammatory cytokines were obtained from summary statistics of 8293 healthy participants from Finnish cohorts. RESULTS: The consumption of coffee was found to be potentially associated with decreased levels of Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (ß = -0.57, 95% CI -1.06 ~ -0.08; p = 0.022) and Stem cell growth factor beta (ß = -0.64, 95% CI -1.16 ~ -0.12; p = 0.016), as well as an increase in TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (ß = 0.43, 95% CI 0.06 ~ 0.8; p = 0.023) levels. Conversely, tea intake was potentially correlated with a reduction in Interleukin-8 (ß = -0.45, 95% CI -0.9 ~ 0; p = 0.045) levels. Moreover, our results indicated an association between alcohol consumption and decreased levels of Regulated on Activation, Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted (ß = -0.24, 95% CI -0.48 ~ 0; p = 0.047), as well as an increase in Stem cell factor (ß = 0.17, 95% CI 0.02 ~ 0.31; p = 0.023) and Stromal cell-derived factor-1 alpha (ß = 0.20, 95% CI 0.04 ~ 0.36; p = 0.013). CONCLUSION: Revealing the interactions between beverage consumption and various inflammatory cytokines may lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets, thereby facilitating dietary interventions to complement clinical disease treatments.

3.
J Proteome Res ; 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634357

RESUMO

Gut microbiota-derived microbial compounds may link to the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the role of the host-microbiome in the incidence and progression of CRC remains elusive. We performed 16S rRNA sequencing, metabolomics, and proteomic studies on samples from 85 CRC patients who underwent colonoscopy examination and found two distinct changed patterns of microbiome in CRC patients. The relative abundances of Catabacter and Mogibacterium continuously increased from intramucosal carcinoma to advanced stages, whereas Clostridium, Anaerostipes, Vibrio, Flavonifractor, Holdemanella, and Hungatella were significantly altered only in intermediate lesions. Fecal metabolomics analysis exhibited consistent increases in bile acids, indoles, and urobilin as well as a decrease in heme. Serum metabolomics uncovered the highest levels of bilin, glycerides, and nucleosides together with the lowest levels of bile acids and amino acids in the stage of intermediate lesions. Three fecal and one serum dipeptides were elevated in the intermediate lesions. Proteomics analysis of colorectal tissues showed that oxidation and autophagy through the PI3K/Akt-mTOR signaling pathway contribute to the development of CRC. Diagnostic analysis showed multiomics features have good predictive capability, with AUC greater than 0.85. Our overall findings revealed new candidate biomarkers for CRC, with potentially significant diagnostic and prognostic capabilities.

4.
Child Abuse Negl ; 152: 106798, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Federal legislation mandates healthcare providers to notify child protective service (CPS) agencies and offer a voluntary care plan called a "plan of safe care" (POSC) for all infants born affected by prenatal substance use. While POSCs aim to provide supportive services for families impacted by substance use, little is known about birth parents' perceptions and experiences. OBJECTIVE: To examine birth parents' perceptions and experiences regarding POSC. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Parents offered a POSC in Philadelphia in the prior year were included. METHODS: This is a qualitative interview study. Participants were recruited from birth hospitals and community-based programs with telephone consent and interview procedures. Transcripts were analyzed using an inductive, grounded theory approach to identify content themes. RESULTS: Twelve birth parents were interviewed (30.7 % of eligible, contacted individuals). Fear of CPS involvement and stigma were common. Some birth parents reported that the increased scrutiny related to POSCs negatively impacted their attitudes toward healthcare providers and medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD). While parents found the consolidated resource information helpful, many did not know how to access services. Finally, parents desired more individualized plans tailored to their unique family needs. CONCLUSIONS: Stigma, confusion, and fear of CPS involvement undermine the goal of POSCs to support substance-exposed infants and birth parents. Providers serving this population should be transparent regarding CPS notifications, provide compassionate, non-stigmatizing care, and offer coordination services to support engagement after discharge. Policymakers should consider separating POSCs from CPS to avoid exacerbating fear and mistrust.

5.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1347297, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559558

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the risk factors associated with the occurrence of PICC-Related Venous Thrombosis (PICC-RVTE) in individuals diagnosed with lymphoma, as well as to develop a predictive risk nomogram model. Methods: A total of 215 patients with lymphoma treated at Yunnan Provincial Tumor Hospital from January 2017 to December 2020 were retrospectively evaluated as the training cohort; 90 patients with lymphoma treated at the Department of Oncology of the First People's Hospital of Anning, Affiliated to Kunming University of Science and Technology during the January 2021 to September 2023 were evaluated as the validation cohort. Independent influencing factors were analyzed by logistic regression, a nomogram was developed and validated, and the model was evaluated using internal and external data cohorts for validation. Results: A total of 305 lymphoma patients were selected and 35 (11.48%) PICC-RVTE occurred, the median time was 13 days. The incidence within 1-2week was 65.71%. Multivariate analysis suggested that the activity amount, thrombosis history(within the last 12 months), ATIII, Total cholesterol and D-dimer levels were independently associated with PICC-RVTE, and a nomogram was constructed based on the multivariate analysis. ROC analysis indicated good discrimination in the training set (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.907, 95%CI:0.850-0.964) and the testing set (AUC = 0.896, 95%CI: 0.782-1.000) for the PICC-RVTE nomogram. The calibration curves showed good calibration abilities, and the decision curves indicated the clinical usefulness of the prediction nomograms. Conclusions: Patients should be advised to undergo color Doppler ultrasound system testing within two week after the implantation of a PICC catheter to detect PICC-RVTE at an early stage. The validated nomogram can be used to predict the risk of catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) in patients with lymphoma who received at least one chemotherapy after PICC catheterization, no bleeding tendency, no recent history of anticoagulant exposure and no severe heart, lung, renal insufficiency. This model has the potential to assist clinicians in formulating individualized treatment strategies for each patient.

6.
Environ Res ; : 118874, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579995

RESUMO

3-Methylindole (Skatole), a degradation product of tryptophan produced by intestinal microbial activity, significantly contributes to odor nuisance. Its adverse effects on animal welfare, human health, and environmental pollution have been noted. However, it is still unclear whether the intestinal microbiota mediates the impact of selenium (Se) on skatole production and what the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. A selenized glucose (SeGlu) derivative is a novel organic selenium compound. In this study, a diverse range of dietary SeGlu-treated levels, including SeGlu-deficient (CK), SeGlu-adequate (0.15 mg Se per L), and SeGlu-supranutritional (0.4 mg Se per L) conditions, were used to investigate the complex interaction of SeGlu on intestinal microbiome and serum metabolome changes in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The study showed that SeGlu supplementation enhanced the antioxidant ability in rats, significantly manifested in the increases of the activity of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), while no change in the level of malonaldehyde (MDA). Metagenomic sequencing analysis verified that the SeGlu treatment group significantly increased the abundance of beneficial microorganisms such as Clostridium, Ruminococcus, Faecalibacterium, Lactobacillus, and Alloprevotella while reducing the abundance of opportunistic pathogens such as Bacteroides and Alistipes significantly. Further metabolomic analysis revealed phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis changes in the SeGlu treatment group. Notably, the biosynthesis of indole, a critical pathway, was affected by SeGlu treatment, with several crucial enzymes implicated. Correlation analysis demonstrated strong associations between specific bacterial species - Treponema, Bacteroides, and Ruminococcus, and changes in indole and derivative concentrations. Moreover, the efficacy of SeGlu-treated fecal microbiota was confirmed through fecal microbiota transplantation, leading to a decrease in the concentration of skatole in rats. Collectively, the analysis of microbiota and metabolome response to diverse SeGlu levels suggests that SeGlu is a promising dietary additive in modulating intestinal microbiota and reducing odor nuisance in the livestock and poultry industry.

7.
Patient ; 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese rural women aged 35-64 years are encouraged to complete breast cancer screening (BCS) free of charge. However, it is challenging to reach a satisfying BCS uptake rate. In this study, rural women's preferences and preferences heterogeneity were measured for the development of strategies to enhance participation in BCS. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey with a discrete choice experiment (DCE) was conducted via convenience sampling via face-to-face interviews in Jiangsu, China. Six DCE attributes were identified through a systematic literature review; our previous study of Chinese rural women's BCS intentions; a qualitative work involving in-depth interviews with rural women (n = 13), medical staff (n = 4), and health care managers (n = 2); and knowledge of realistic and actionable policy. The D-efficient design was generated using Ngene 1.3.0. A mixed logit model (MXL) in Stata 18.0 was used to estimate the main effect of attribute levels on rural women's preferences. The relative importance and willingness to utilize BCS services (WTU) were also estimated. The heterogeneous preferences were analyzed by a latent class model (LCM). Sociodemographic status was used to predict the characteristics of class membership. The WTU for different classes was also calculated. RESULTS: A total of 451 rural women, aged 35-64 years, were recruited. The MXL results revealed that the screening interval (SI) was the most important attribute for rural women with regard to utilizing BCS services, followed by the level of screening, the attitude of medical staff, ways to get knowledge and information, people who recommend screening, and time spent on screening (TSS). Rural women preferred a BCS service with a shorter TSS; access to knowledge and information through multiple approaches; a shorter SI; a recommendation from medical staff or workers from the village or community, and others; the enthusiasm of medical staff; and medical staff with longer tenures in the field. Two classes named "process driven" and "efficiency driven" were identified by the preference heterogeneity analysis of the LCM. CONCLUSION: There is a higher uptake of breast cancer screening when services are tailored to women's preferences. The screening interval was the most important attribute for rural women in China with a preference for a yearly screening interval versus longer intervals.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507650

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to uncover hidden patterns and predictors of symptom multi-trajectories within 30 days after discharge in patients with heart failure and assess the risk of unplanned 30-day hospital readmission in different patterns. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was conducted from September 2022 to September 2023 in four third-class hospitals in Tianjin, China. A total of 301 patients with heart failure were enrolled in the cohort, and 248 patients completed a 30-day follow-up after discharge. Three multi-trajectory groups were identified: mild symptom status (24.19%), moderate symptom status (57.26%), and severe symptom status (18.55%). With the mild symptom status group as a reference, physical frailty, psychological frailty, and comorbid renal dysfunction were predictors of the moderate symptom status group. Physical frailty, psychological frailty, resilience, taking diuretics, and comorbid renal dysfunction were predictors of the severe symptom status group. Compared with the mild symptom status group, the severe symptom status group was significantly associated with high unplanned 30-day hospital readmission risks. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified three distinct multi-trajectory groups among patients with heart failure within 30 days after discharge. The severe symptom status group was associated with a significantly increased risk of unplanned 30-day hospital readmission. Common and different factors predicted different symptom multi-trajectories. Healthcare providers should assess the physical and psychological frailty and renal dysfunction of patients with heart failure before discharge. Inpatient care aimed at alleviating physical and psychological frailty and enhancing resilience may be important to improve patients' symptom development post-discharge.

9.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155376, 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The apoptosis of pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) is an important factor contributing to the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious cardio-pulmonary vascular disorder. Salidroside (SAL) is a bioactive compound derived from an herb Rhodiola, but the potential protective effects of SAL on PAECs and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the role of SAL in the hypoxia-induced apoptosis of PAECs and to dissect the underlying mechanisms. STUDY DESIGN: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were subjected to hypoxia (10% O2) for 4 weeks to establish a model of PH. Rats were intraperitoneally injected daily with SAL (2, 8, and 32 mg/kg/d) or vehicle. To define the molecular mechanisms of SAL in PAECs, an in vitro model of hypoxic cell injury was also generated by exposed PAECs to 1% O2 for 48 h. METHODS: Various techniques including hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, CCK-8, Western blot, qPCR, molecular docking, and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) were used to determine the role of SAL in rats and in PAECs in vitro. RESULTS: Hypoxia stimulation increases AhR nuclear translocation and activates the NF-κB signaling pathway, as evidenced by upregulated expression of CYP1A1, CYP1B1, IL-1ß, and IL-6, resulting in oxidative stress and inflammatory response and ultimately apoptosis of PAECs. SAL inhibited the activation of AhR and NF-κB, while promoted the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and increased the expression of its downstream antioxidant proteins HO-1 and NQO1 in PAECs, ameliorating the hypoxia-induced oxidative stress in PAECs. Furthermore, SAL lowered right ventricular systolic pressure, and decreased pulmonary vascular remodeling and right ventricular hypertrophy in hypoxia-exposed rats. CONCLUSIONS: SAL may attenuate the apoptosis of PAECs by suppressing NF-κB and activating Nrf2/HO-1 pathways, thereby delaying the progressive pathology of PH.

10.
Nutrition ; 117: 112227, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Radiation for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma often is accompanied by radiation esophagitis, which interferes with oral intake. We aimed to develop a nomogram model to identify initially inoperable patients with relative and absolute weight loss who need prophylactic nutritional supplementation. METHODS: A total of 365 initially inoperable patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma receiving radiotherapy between January 2018 and December 2022 were included in the study, which was divided into discovery and validation cohorts. Receiver operating characteristic and Kaplan-Meier curve analyses were performed to compare the areas under the curve and survival benefits. RESULTS: A total of 42.2% (154 of 365) of the patients had been diagnosed with cancer cachexia. The malnourished group had a higher interruption rate of radiotherapy and number of complication diseases (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, patients with malnutrition had lower lymphocytes and prognostic nutritional index (P < 0.05). The combined index showed a higher area under the curve value (0.67; P < 0.001) than number of complication diseases (area under the curve = 0.52) and prognostic nutritional index (area under the curve = 0.49) for relative weight loss (≥ 5%). Similarly, the combined index had a higher area under the curve value (0.79; P < 0.001) than number of complication diseases (area under the curve = 0.56), treatment regimens (area under the curve = 0.56), subcutaneous fat thickness (area under the curve = 0.60), pretreatment body weight (area under the curve = 0.61), neutrophils (area under the curve = 0.56), and prognostic nutritional index (area under the curve = 0.50) for absolute weight loss (≥ 5 kg). Absolute and relative weight loss remained independent prognostic factors, with short overall survival rates compared with the normal group (P < 0.05). Patients with high nomogram scores supported by nutritional intervention had less weight loss, better nutrition scores, and increased plasma CD8+ T cells, and interferon gamma. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a nomogram model that was intended to estimate relative and absolute weight loss in initially inoperable patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma during radiotherapy, which might help facilitate an objective decision on prophylactic nutritional supplementation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/radioterapia , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Redução de Peso
11.
China CDC Wkly ; 6(10): 181-188, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523811

RESUMO

What is already known about this topic?: The significance of maternal liver health concerning preterm birth (PTB) is well recognized; however, there is a gap in understanding the precise influence of preconception serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels on the risk of PTB. What is added by this report?: In this retrospective cohort study, a J-shaped relationship between preconception serum ALT levels and risk of PTB was observed, indicating that both significantly elevated and decreased ALT levels may contribute to the risk. What are the implications for public health practice?: Maintaining optimal preconception serum ALT levels may reduce the risk of PTB, thereby informing specific preventive measures for women of reproductive age.

12.
Pathol Res Pract ; 256: 155251, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490097

RESUMO

Aberrant adrenal function has been frequently reported in COVID-19 patients, but histopathological evidence remains limited. This retrospective autopsy study aims to scrutinize the impact of COVID-19 duration on adrenocortical zonational architecture and peripheral corticosteroid reactivity. The adrenal glands procured from 15 long intensive care unit (ICU)-stay COVID-19 patients, 9 short ICU-stay COVID-19 patients, and 20 matched controls. Subjects who had received glucocorticoid treatment prior to sampling were excluded. Applying hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, we disclosed that the adrenocortical zonational structure was substantially disorganized in COVID-19 patients, which long ICU-stay patients manifested a higher prevalence of severe disorganization (67%) than short ICU-stay patients (11%; P = 0.0058). The adrenal cortex of COVID-19 patients exhibited a 40% decrease in the zona glomerulosa (ZG) area and a 74% increase in the zona fasciculata (ZF) area (both P < 0.0001) relative to controls. Furthermore, among long ICU-stay COVID-19 patients, the ZG area diminished by 31% (P = 0.0004), and the ZF area expanded by 27% (P = 0.0004) in comparison to short ICU-stay patients. The zona reticularis (ZR) area remained unaltered. Nuclear translocation of corticosteroid receptors in the liver and kidney of long ICU-stay COVID-19 patients was at least 43% lower than in short ICU-stay patients (both P < 0.05). These findings underscore the necessity for clinicians to monitor adrenal function in long-stay COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Córtex Suprarrenal , COVID-19 , Humanos , Estado Terminal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Corticosteroides
13.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is a pleiotropic inflammatory cytokine that not only directly induces inflammatory gene expression but also triggers apoptotic and necroptotic cell death, which leads to tissue damage and indirectly exacerbates inflammation. Thus, identification of inhibitors for TNF-induced cell death has broad therapeutic relevance for TNF-related inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we isolated and identified a marine fungus-derived sesquiterpenoid, 9α,14-dihydroxy-6ß-p-nitrobenzoylcinnamolide (named as Cpd-8), that inhibits TNF receptor superfamily-induced cell death by preventing the formation of cytosolic death complex II. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Marine sponge-associated fungi were cultured and the secondary metabolites were extracted to yield pure compounds. Cell viability was measured by ATP-Glo cell viability assay. The effects of Cpd-8 on TNF signalling pathway were investigated by western blotting, immunoprecipitation, and immunofluorescence assays. A mouse model of acute liver injury (ALI) was employed to explore the protection effect of Cpd-8, in vivo. KEY RESULTS: Cpd-8 selectively inhibits TNF receptor superfamily-induced apoptosis and necroptosis. Cpd-8 prevents the formation of cytosolic death complex II and subsequent RIPK1-RIPK3 necrosome, while it has no effect on TNF receptor I (TNFR1) internalization and the formation of complex I in TNF signalling pathway. In vivo, Cpd-8 protects mice against TNF-α/D-GalN-induced ALI. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: A marine fungus-derived sesquiterpenoid, Cpd-8, inhibits TNF receptor superfamily-induced cell death, both in vitro and in vivo. This study not only provides a useful research tool to investigate the regulatory mechanisms of TNF-induced cell death but also identifies a promising lead compound for future drug development.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(12): 6118-6132, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477232

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases are caused by hypercholesterolemia. Astaxanthin (AST) has been reported to exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, its bioavailability is poor because of low solubility and instability. In order to improve the bioavailability of AST, we developed an intestinal-responsive composite carrier termed as "liposomes in micropheres" incorporating N-succinyl-chitosan (NSC)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) liposomes that functionalized by neonatal Fc receptors (FcRn) into hydrogels of sodium alginate (SA) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS). In the AST NSC/HSA-PEG liposomes@SA/CMCS microspheres, the AST's encapsulation efficiency (EE) was 96.26% (w/w) and its loading capacity (LC) was 6.47% (w/w). AST NSC/HSA-PEG liposomes had stability in the gastric conditions and achieved long-term release of AST in intestinal conditions. Then, AST NSC/HSA-PEG liposomes@SA/CMCS bind to intestinal epithelial cell targets by the neonatal Fc receptor. In vitro permeation studies show that there was a 4-fold increase of AST NSC/HSA-PEG liposomes@SA/CMCS in AST permeation across the intestinal epithelium. Subsequent in vivo experiments demonstrated that the composite carrier exhibited a remarkable mucoadhesive capacity, allowing for extended intestinal retention of up to 12 h, and it displayed deep penetration through the mucus layer, efficiently entering the intestinal villi epithelial cells, and enhancing the absorption of AST and its bioavailability in vivo. And oral administration of AST NSC/HSA-PEG liposomes@SA/CMCS could effectively prevent hypercholesterolemia caused by a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFHCD). These advancements highlight the potential of NSC/HSA-PEG liposomes@SA/CMCS composite carriers for targeted and oral uptake of hydrophobic bioactives.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Hipercolesterolemia , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Lipossomos/química , Microesferas , Xantofilas , Quitosana/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Administração Oral
15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 326, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, culture methods are commonly used in clinical tests to detect pathogenic fungi including Candida spp. Nonetheless, these methods are cumbersome and time-consuming, thereby leading to considerable difficulties in diagnosis of pathogenic fungal infections, especially in situations that respiratory samples such as alveolar lavage fluid and pleural fluid contain extremely small amounts of microorganisms. The aim of this study was to elucidate the utility and practicality of microfluidic chip technology in quick detection of respiratory pathogenic fungi. METHODS: DNAs of clinical samples (mainly derived from sputa, alveolar lavage fluid, and pleural fluid) from 64 coastal patients were quickly detected using microfluidic chip technology with 20 species of fungal spectrum and then validated by Real-time qPCR, and their clinical baseline data were analyzed. RESULTS: Microfluidic chip results showed that 36 cases infected with Candida spp. and 27 cases tested negative for fungi, which was consistent with Real-time qPCR validation. In contrast, only 16 cases of fungal infections were detected by the culture method; however, one of the culture-positive samples tested negative by microfluidic chip and qPCR validation. Moreover, we found that the patients with Candida infections had significantly higher rates of platelet count reduction than fungi-negative controls. When compared with the patients infected with C. albicans alone, the proportion of males in the patients co-infected with multiple Candidas significantly increased, while their platelet counts significantly decreased. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that constant temperature amplification-based microfluidic chip technology combined with routine blood tests can increase the detection speed and accuracy (including sensitivity and specificity) of identifying respiratory pathogenic fungi.


Assuntos
Micoses , Infecções Respiratórias , Masculino , Humanos , Microfluídica , Fungos/genética , Micoses/diagnóstico , Candida/genética , Candida albicans , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Infecções Respiratórias/diagnóstico
16.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-14, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466946

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a common gastrointestinal malignancy characterized by a poor prognosis. Considering its prevalence, exploring its underlying molecular biological mechanisms is of paramount clinical importance. In this study, bioinformatics techniques were utilized to analyze CCA sample data obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. The analysis revealed a notable upregulation in FUT4 expression in CCA samples. To further investigate the functional implications of FUT4, in vivo and in vitro experiments were conducted, which demonstrated that FUT4 overexpression significantly enhances the proliferative and migratory capabilities of tumor cells. Subsequent sequencing analysis unveiled a correlation between FUT4 and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Indeed, the pioneering discovery of elevated FUT4 expression in CCA was highlighted in this study. Further investigations into the function of FUT4 in CCA provided initial insights into its role in driving cancer progression via EMT. These findings present promising avenues for the diagnosis and treatment of CCA.[Figure: see text].

17.
Clin Lab ; 70(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) represent a common cause of sepsis and mortality in children. Blood culture (BC) is the gold standard for diagnosis of BSI. The low sensitivity of BC in the pediatric population is usually due to the small volume of blood used for inoculation and to the antibiotics used before sampling. Here, we explore the ways to effectively reduce antibiotic activity to maximize the chances of pathogen recovery, and to enhance the growth of microorganisms in lower blood volume and bacterial counts. METHODS: The recovery of common pathogens causing blood stream infections was analyzed after exposure to cefo-perazone/sulbactam, vancomycin, and caspofung by using resin-containing or not BacT/Alert PF Plus and BD FX400 peds plus pediatric bottles. The microbial growth in the resin-containing bottles was assessed using 0.5 colony-forming units (CFU) bacterial inoculum to mimic the bacteremia/fungemia condition. The usefulness of a diagnosis to confirm or exclude BSI was evaluated by lower than recommended blood culture sampling (102 CFU/mL, 0.3 mL). RESULTS: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), and Candida glabrata (C. glabrata) were recovered from 100% of two types of resin-containing bottles in the presence of a sufficient antibiotic dose, while Escherichia coli (E. coli) was not restored to 100% in BD FX400 peds plus pediatric bottles. The shorter TTD for S. aureus, C. glabrata, and E. coli were observed in antibiotic-containing BacT/Alert PF Plus bottles. Both the PF Plus and BD resin test bottles showed consistently good TTD performances to Gram-negative, Gram-positive, and yeast species in low inoculum levels, with the exception of S. aureus. The lower volume of blood inoculated into culture bottles hardly affected the growth of most bacteria, but optimized PF Plus resin-bottles accelerated the detection of infectious agents, especially S. aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and C. glabrata. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to enhance recovery from antibiotic-containing pediatric bottles and shorten TTD for the identification of pathogens by using the BacT/Alert blood culture system combination with new resin-containing media.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Sepse , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Criança , Humanos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Meios de Cultura , Staphylococcus aureus , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Bactérias , Técnicas Bacteriológicas
18.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 243: 104144, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301407

RESUMO

The pervasive use of social media in professional environments has become a focal point of contemporary research. Particularly, the routine engagement of employees with platforms like Facebook and WeChat during work hours exposes them to peers' achievements, potentially triggering upward social comparisons. This study investigates the often-overlooked psychological and behavioral consequences of such comparisons among employees in workplace settings. Specifically, we address a significant research gap by examining how upward social comparisons on social media influence employees' emotions and subsequent workplace behaviors. Utilizing Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) for data analysis, this research analyzes responses from 477 high-tech employees in China. Our findings reveal that upward social comparisons can engender feelings of workplace envy and ego depletion. These emotional states, in turn, adversely impact employee behavior, manifesting in diminished job performance, increased tendency towards knowledge hiding, and heightened engagement in cyber loafing. This study contributes to the broader understanding of social media's impact on employee psychology and behavior, offering valuable insights for both academic research and practical management within the context of technology-enhanced workplace environments.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Comparação Social , Emoções , China , Análise de Dados
19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 330: 121812, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368083

RESUMO

Biomacromolecules based injectable and self-healing hydrogels possessing high mechanical properties have widespread potential in biomedical field. However, dynamic features are usually inversely proportional to toughness. It is challenging to simultaneously endow these properties to the dynamic hydrogels. Here, we fabricated an injectable nanocomposite hydrogel (CS-NPs@OSA-l-Gtn) stimultaneously possessing excellent autonomous self-healing performance and high mechanical strength by doping chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) into dynamic polymer networks of oxidized sodium alginate (OSA) and gelatin (Gtn) in the presence of borax. The synergistic effect of the multiple reversible interactions combining dynamic covalent bonds (i.e., imine bond and borate ester bond) and noncovalent interactions (i.e., electrostatic interaction and hydrogen bond) provide effective energy dissipation to endure high fatigue resistance and cyclic loading. The dynamic hydrogel exhibited excellent mechanical properties like maximum 2.43 MPa compressive strength, 493.91 % fracture strain, and 89.54 kJ/m3 toughness. Moreover, the integrated hydrogel after injection and self-healing could withstand 150 successive compressive cycles. Besides, the bovine serum albumin embedded in CS-NPs could be sustainably released from the nanocomposite hydrogel for 12 days. This study proposes a novel strategy to synthesize an injectable and self-healing hydrogel combined with excellent mechanical properties for designing high-strength natural carriers with sustained protein delivery.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Quitosana , Alginatos/química , Nanogéis , Gelatina/química , Hidrogéis/química , Polímeros , Quitosana/química
20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1483, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374064

RESUMO

Aliphatic allylic amines are common in natural products and pharmaceuticals. The oxidative intermolecular amination of C(sp3)-H bonds represents one of the most straightforward strategies to construct these motifs. However, the utilization of widely internal alkenes with amines in this transformation remains a synthetic challenge due to the inefficient coordination of metals to internal alkenes and excessive coordination with aliphatic and aromatic amines, resulting in decreasing the reactivity of the catalyst. Here, we present a regioselective Cu-catalyzed oxidative allylic C(sp3)-H amination of internal olefins with azodiformates to these problems. A removable bidentate directing group is used to control the regiochemistry and stabilize the π-allyl-metal intermediate. Noteworthy is the dual role of azodiformates as both a nitrogen source and an electrophilic oxidant for the allylic C-H activation. This protocol features simple conditions, remarkable scope and functional group tolerance as evidenced by >40 examples and exhibits high regioselectivity and excellent E/Z selectivity.

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