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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(2): 149-52, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793110

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule on chronic prostatitis (CP) of damp and heat stasis. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with CP of damp and heat stasis were randomized into an acupuncture plus medication group (35 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a medication group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off). In the medication group, tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule was given orally, 0.2 mg a time, once each night. On the basis of treatment in the medication group, EA was applied at Guanyuan (CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Yinglingquan (SP 9), with disperse-dense wave, 5 mA in intensity for 30 min. Treatment for 30 days was as one course, and totally 3 courses were required in both groups. Before treatment, 1, 2, 3 months into treatment and at the follow-up of 2 months after treatment, the TCM syndrome score and National Institutes of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI) score were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in both groups. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the TCM syndrome scores of 3 months into treatment and follow-up were decreased in the acupuncture plus medication group (P<0.01), and were lower than those in the medication group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the NIH-CPSI scores of 3 months into treatment and follow-up were decreased in both groups (P<0.01), and those in the acupuncture plus medication group were lower than the medication group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 90.3% (28/31) in the acupuncture plus medication group, which was superior to 80.0% (24/30) in the medication group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with medication can improve the clinical symptoms in patients with CP of damp and heat stasis, and its therapeutic effect is superior to simple western medication.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Prostatite , Pontos de Acupuntura , Doença Crônica , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatite/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Environ Pollut ; 280: 117000, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784568

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a widely distributed heavy metal in south of China. Growing evidence indicates that systemic exposure to Cd, particularly the long-term exposure, may cause neurotoxic effects. Nevertheless, mechanisms underlying Cd neurotoxicity remain not completely understood. In this report, we investigated the neural alterations in the spider Pardosa pseudoannulata (Bösenberg and Strand, 1906) exposed to long-term Cd (LCd) and short-term Cd (SCd) pressure. Cd stress lowered foraging ability and prey consuming time in the spiders. In addition, enzymatic analysis results indicated that Cd exposure reduced the level of acetylcholinesterase at subcellular level. We then identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the Cd exposed spiders using pairwise comparisons and found that a large number of DEGs were related to neurotransmitter receptors and ion transport and binding proteins. Notably, LCd exposure harbored more altered genes in ion transporter activity comparing with SCd exposure. From six K-means clusters, 53 putative transcriptional factors (TFs) belonging to 21 families were characterized, and ZBTB subfamily displayed the most distinctive alterations in the characterized genes, which is assumed to play a key role in the regulation of ion transmembrane process under Cd stress. A protein-to-protein interaction network constructed by the yielded DEGs also showed that ion and receptor binding activities were affected under long-term Cd exposure. Four key modules from the network indicated that Cd may further down-regulate energy metabolism pathway in spiders. Collectively, this comprehensive analysis provides multi-dimensional insights to understand the molecular response of spiders to Cd exposure.

3.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775544

RESUMO

To compare the clinical outcomes of resection arthroplasty of metatarsals 2-5 with either first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis or arthroplasty for rheumatoid forefoot deformity treatment. Comparative studies on the clinical effects of resection arthroplasty of metatarsals 2-5 with either first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis or arthroplasty for the treatment of rheumatoid forefoot deformity were systematically reviewed and a meta-analysis conducted. A total of 337 patients (459 feet) with rheumatoid forefoot deformity from 6 comparative studies were included, with the mean follow-up times ranging from 25 to 80 months in the arthrodesis group and 35 to 102 months in the arthroplasty group. Postoperative pain, satisfaction, hallux valgus angle, the 1st -2nd intermetatarsal angle, adverse events mainly including non-union and the reoperation rate, and pedobarographic data were reported. In the pooled analysis, there were no significant pain score differences between 1st metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis and arthroplasty groups (SMD = 0.04, p = .734; I2 = 43.7%, p = .149), but the hallux valgus angle and the 1st -2nd intermetatarsal angle showed significant differences between these 2 groups (For hallux valgus angle, SMD = -0.439, p = .002; I2 = 96.6%, p = .000; for 1st -2nd intermetatarsal angle, SMD = -0.569, p = .000; I2 = 98.2%, p = .000). The rate of non-union varied from 0% to 26% in the arthrodesis group. The reoperation rate varied from 3% to 9.6% in the arthrodesis group and from 4% to 11.6% in the arthroplasty group. A comparison of the procedures showed that first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis with resection arthroplasty of the lesser rays produced similar postoperative pain relief and better maintenance of the hallux valgus angle and the 1st -2nd intermetatarsal angle for rheumatoid forefoot deformity. However, the results should be interpreted with caution due to the high heterogeneity and relatively low quality of the reviewed articles.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs in the oral mucosa with characteristic white striations lesions, recurrent erosions and pains. The etiology and pathogenesis of OLP are still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the bacterial community structure of buccal mucosa in patients with OLP and normal controls by high-throughput sequencing. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was uesd to detect Prevotella melaninogenica (P. melaninogenica) in 13 OLP samples and 10 controls. The amounts of P. melaninogenica in OLP buccal mucosa and the expression of inflammatory cytokines in co-culture of mouse-derived macrophages with P. melaninogenica were detected by RT-qPCR. RESULTS: The P. melaninogenica was more abundant in OLP than in healthy controls and the differences were significant at the level of the phylum, family, genus and species (P<0.05). FISH showed that P. melaninogenica can invade the epithelium and even the lamina propria of OLP, while no invasion was found in the normal mucosa. P. melaninogenica can adhere to and invade macrophages and then activate the transcription of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in NF-κB signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: P. melaninogenica may be involved in the pathogenic process of OLP, and its specific mechanism deserves further study.

5.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(5)2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760122

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia­reperfusion injury (MIRI) is a severe injury to the ischemic myocardium following the recovery of blood flow. Currently, there is no effective treatment for MIRI in clinical practice. Over the past two decades, biological studies of hypoxia and hypoxia­inducible factor­1α (HIF­1α) have notably improved understanding of oxygen homeostasis. HIF­1α is an oxygen­sensitive transcription factor that mediates adaptive metabolic responses to hypoxia and serves a pivotal role in MIRI. In particular, previous studies have demonstrated that HIF­1α improves mitochondrial function, decreases cellular oxidative stress, activates cardioprotective signaling pathways and downstream protective genes and interacts with non­coding RNAs. The present review summarizes the roles and associated mechanisms of action of HIF­1α in MIRI. In addition, HIF­1α­associated MIRI intervention, including natural compounds, exosomes, ischemic preconditioning and ischemic post­processing are presented. The present review provides evidence for the roles of HIF­1α activation in MIRI and supports its use as a therapeutic target.

6.
Cancer Res Treat ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677848

RESUMO

Purpose: Current variability in methods for tumor mutational burden (TMB) estimation and reporting demonstrates the urgent need for a homogeneous TMB assessment approach. Here, we compared TMB distributions in different cancer types using two customized targeted panels commonly used in clinical practice. Materials and Methods: TMB spectra of 295- and 1021-gene panels in multiple cancer types were compared using targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS). The TMB distributions across a diverse cohort of 2,332 cancer cases were then investigated for their associations with clinical features. Treatment response data were collected for 222 patients who received immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and their homologous recombination DNA damage repair (HR-DDR) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression were additionally assessed and compared with the TMB and response rate. Results: The median TMB between gene panels was similar despite a wide range in TMB values. The highest TMB was 8 and 10 in patients with squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal carcinoma according to the classification of histopathology and cancer types, respectively. Twenty-three out of 103 patients (22.3%) were HR-DDR‒positive and could benefit from ICI therapy; out of those 23 patients, seven patients had high TMB (p=0.004). Additionally, PD-L1 expression was not associated with TMB or treatment response among patients receiving ICIs. Conclusion: Targeted NGS assays demonstrated the ability to evaluate TMB in pan-cancer samples as a tool to predict response to ICIs. In addition, TMB integrated with HR-DDR‒positive status could be a significant biomarker for predicting ICI response in patients.

7.
Nanoscale ; 13(12): 5954-5964, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734277

RESUMO

Understanding nano-bio interactions is pivotal to the safe implementation of nanotechnology for both biological and environmental applications. Zebrafish as a model organism provides unique opportunities to dissect nano-bio interactions occurring at different biological barriers. In this review, we focus on four key biological barriers, namely cell membrane, blood-brain barrier (BBB), skin and gill epithelia, and gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and highlight recent advancement achieved by using zebrafish to conduct both visualized observations and mechanistic investigations on a diversity of nano-bio interactions.

8.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(2): 279-290, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785098

RESUMO

Retinopathy is an eye disease caused by the death of retinal cells in the macular area and the surrounding choroid. As the retinal rod cell dysfunction and death lead to the loss of night vision, the disease will lead to visual dysfunction and blindness as the disease progresses. Because of the irreversible nature of cell death, gene therapy has become a research hotspot in the field of retinopathy. But the technology is still in animal studies or clinical trials, and more research is needed to prove its feasibility. In this study, oxidative damage cell model was established and divided into a control group, H2O2 group, SS31 +NEC1 group, SS31 +H2O2 group, and SS31 +NEC1 +H2O2 group, for different interventions. The cell survival rate of the H2O2 group was significantly increased compared with those of the SS31 + H2O2 group, SS31 +NEC1 +H2O2 group, and NEC1 +H2O2 group. Nec1 combined treatment significantly reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production compared with that in the H2O2 group. The level of MDA in the SS31 group, Nec-1 group and combined treatment of SS31 +NEC1 group decreased significantly compared with the H2O2 group. The proportion of cells with decreased mitochondrial membrane potential in the H2O2 group significantly increased, and the rate of positivity for propidium iodide (PI) of 661W cells in the H2O2 group and the control group significantly increased. Nine hours after H2O2 treatment of 661W cells, the RIP3 expression level began to increase, and peaked at 24 h. The level of RIP3 in the H2O2 group was significantly increased, while this level was downregulated in the SS31 and NEC1 treatment groups. Therefore, this study suggests that SS31 has a partial protective effect on 661W cells by inhibiting necrosis, which has certain guiding significance for the treatment of retinal diseases.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias , Oxidantes , Animais , Apoptose , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Necroptose , Oligopeptídeos/metabolismo , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Oxidantes/metabolismo , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones
9.
J Mol Biol ; : 166929, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711345

RESUMO

Chromatin remodelers act to regulate multiple cellular processes, such as transcription and DNA repair, by controlling access to genomic DNA. Four families of chromatin remodelers have been identified in yeast, each with non-redundant roles within the cell. There has been a recent surge in structural models of chromatin remodelers in complex with their nucleosomal substrate. These structural studies provide new insight into the mechanism of action for individual chromatin remodelers. In this review, we summarize available data for the structure and mechanism of action of the four chromatin remodeling complex families.

10.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 145, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inconsistent results were found in the association between serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and hypertension among population-based studies. This study evaluated the association between ALT and hypertension among Chinese reproductive-age population by utilizing registration data from National Free Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project in 2016-2017. METHODS: The 21,103,790 registered participants were eligible for analysis, including women who were 20-49 years old and men who were 20-59 years old with available data for ALT and blood pressure (BP). Logistic regression was conducted to estimate odds ratio (OR) for the association between ALT and hypertension as a binary outcome. Linear regression was used to examine the association between ALT and BP as a continuous outcome. RESULTS: In total, 4.21% of the participants were hypertensive, and 11.67% had elevated ALT (> 40 U/L). Hypertension prevalence was 3.63% and 8.56% among participants with normal and elevated ALT levels. A strong linear relationship was found between serum ALT levels and the odds of hypertension after adjustment for potential confounders. The multivariable-adjusted ORs for hypertension were 1, 1.22 (1.21, 1.22), 1.67 (1.65 1.68), 1.78 (1.76, 1.80), and 1.92 (1.90, 1.94) in participants with ALT levels of ≤ 20, 20.01-40, 40.01-60, 60.01-80, and > 80 U/L, respectively. Systolic and diastolic BPs rose by 1.83 and 1.20 mmHg on average, for each 20 U/L increase in ALT (P for trend < 0.001). The association was consistent among subgroups and tended to be stronger among populations who are overweight (body mass index ≥ 24 kg/m2) (χ2 = 52,228, P < 0.001), alcohol drinking (χ2 = 100,730, P < 0.001) and cigarette smoking (χ2 = 105,347, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our cross-sectional analysis suggested a linear association between serum ALT and hypertension or BP, which indicated that abnormal liver metabolism marked by elevated serum ALT could play a role in hypertension or elevated BP condition.

12.
Int J Mol Med ; 47(3): 1, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537801

RESUMO

Resveratrol (RES) is a natural phenol which possesses multiple pharmacological actions. The present study aimed to determine whether RES protects against myocardial ischemic injury in association with the inhibition of NF­κB­dependent inflammation and the enhancement of antioxidant defenses in mice following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Male C57/BL mice were randomly assigned to 3 groups as follows: The sham­operated (sham) group, AMI + vehicle group and AMI + RES group. Rat H9C2 cells were also used to examine the effects of RES on hypoxia­induced oxidative injury in vitro. Redox homeostasis in the mouse myocardium and rat H9C2 cells was determined post­treatment. The mRNA and protein levels of phosphorylated (p­)IκB kinase (p­IKK), p­nuclear factor (NF)­κB p65, interleukin (IL)­1ß, IL­6, nerve growth factor (NGF) and insulin­like growth factor­1 (IGF­1) were measured by RT­qPCR and western blot analysis. It was found that RES slightly protected the myocardium against ischemic injury in mice, while it prevented the hypoxia­induced apoptosis of H9C2 cells. RES decreased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and enhanced the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). RES also downregulated the protein and/or mRNA levels of p­IKK, p­NF­κB p65, IL­1ß, IL­6, NGF and IGF­1 at 7 and 28 days after infarction. On the whole, these data indicate that RES protects the myocardium against ischemic injury in association with the inhibition of oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Thus, RES has the potential to be used as an adjunctive therapeutic drug for heart diseases.

13.
Int J Mol Med ; 47(4): 1, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537835

RESUMO

Metastasis is the primary cause of the high mortality rates in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). MicroRNA (miR)­411­5p has been discovered to serve an important role in cancer metastases. However, to the best of our knowledge, the association between miR­411­5p expression levels and HNSCC metastasis has not been thoroughly investigated. The present study aimed to research the function of miR­411­5p in HNSCC metastasis. The results of the present study revealed that miR­411­5p expression levels were upregulated in patients with HNSCC with lymph node metastasis and the upregulated expression levels of miR­411­5p were positively associated with the metastatic potential of HNSCC. Moreover, miR­411­5p promoted HNSCC cell migration, invasion and epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT). The results of the dual­luciferase reporter assays identified RING1 and YY1 binding protein (RYBP) as a functional downstream target gene for miR­411­5p. Therefore, whether miR­411­5p downregulated the expression levels of RYBP in HNSCC cells was subsequently investigated. Notably, the silencing of RYBP expression restored the stimulatory effects of miR­411­5p on HNSCC cell migration, invasion and EMT. In addition, the mRNA expression levels of miR­411­5p and RYBP were found to be inversely correlated in HNSCC samples. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicated that the miR­411­5p­mediated downregulation of RYBP expression levels may exert an important role in HNSCC metastasis and may provide a novel target for the treatment of HNSCC.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Regulação para Cima/genética , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Proteínas Repressoras/genética
14.
Cell ; 184(5): 1262-1280.e22, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636129

RESUMO

Improving effector activity of antigen-specific T cells is a major goal in cancer immunotherapy. Despite the identification of several effector T cell (TEFF)-driving transcription factors (TFs), the transcriptional coordination of TEFF biology remains poorly understood. We developed an in vivo T cell CRISPR screening platform and identified a key mechanism restraining TEFF biology through the ETS family TF, Fli1. Genetic deletion of Fli1 enhanced TEFF responses without compromising memory or exhaustion precursors. Fli1 restrained TEFF lineage differentiation by binding to cis-regulatory elements of effector-associated genes. Loss of Fli1 increased chromatin accessibility at ETS:RUNX motifs, allowing more efficient Runx3-driven TEFF biology. CD8+ T cells lacking Fli1 provided substantially better protection against multiple infections and tumors. These data indicate that Fli1 safeguards the developing CD8+ T cell transcriptional landscape from excessive ETS:RUNX-driven TEFF cell differentiation. Moreover, genetic deletion of Fli1 improves TEFF differentiation and protective immunity in infections and cancer.

15.
16.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a major public health threat. This study aimed to analyze the influencing factors of international students' intention to wear a mask based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). The findings are important because they provide pertinent information in designing and implementing COVID-19 prevention programs. METHODS: Self-designed questionnaires were distributed to 477 international students. exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to identify and confirm the factor structure, and the structural equation model (SEM) was applied to determine the predictors of masks wearing. RESULTS: The final structural model was well reflected by fit indices. The research model of international students' intention to wear a mask for protection against COVID-19 was acceptable. All of the hypotheses were supported. Attitude and perceived behavioral control (PBC) were positively related to behavior intention (BI), respectively. Subjective norm (SN) also had a direct effect on attitude, PBC, and BI. CONCLUSIONS: Referring to TPB was useful in identifying determinants of mask-wearing. The strongest predictor was SN, which indicated it was deserving of increased attention. These findings are significant to strengthen international students' awareness regarding self-protection and enhance the effectiveness of COVID-19 prevention programs.

17.
Neuropeptides ; 87: 102132, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636511

RESUMO

Central orexinergic system contributes to the regulation of cardiovascular function. Orexinergic neurons receiving projections of nerve fibers from multiple structures of brain which involved in control and regulation of cardiovascular function locate in hypothalamus, and their axon terminals widely project to various central structures where orexins receptors are expressed. Here, we summarize the present knowledge that describes the influence of central orexinergic system on cardiovascular activity, the relevance of dysfunction in central orexinergic system with hypertension and psychological stress induced cardiovascular reactivity which are serious risk factors for cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular death. We propose that central orexinergic system may be potentially important targets for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular death, and different orexinergic system involved neuronal circuits may be involved in distinct cardiovascular functions. Acupuncture having bidirectional regulatory ability and a much lower incidence of side effects can prevent disease. We review the improvement of acupuncture on hypertension and psychological stress induced cardiovascular reactivity. We think that acupuncture intervenes hypertension and psychological stress induced cardiovascular reactivity to prevent cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular death. We also summarize relation between acupuncture and central orexinergic system. We propose a hypothesis that acupuncture improve hypertension and psychological stress induced cardiovascular reactivity through regulating central orexinergic system. The knowledge is beneficial for the development of potential therapeutic targets and methods to prevent cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular death.

18.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547934

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To detect the methylation of Dickkopf-associated protein 1 (DKK-1) gene promoter in cervical exfoliated cells and to study its clinical significance in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and its relationship with high-risk HPV infection. METHODS: Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was utilized to detect the methylation of DKK-1 gene promoter in cervical exfoliated cells from 40 patients with CSCC and 40 patients with chronic cervicitis in the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University. The methylation rate of DKK-1 gene promoter in different clinicopathological factors and its relationship with high-risk HPV infection was compared, and different detection methods were compared. RESULT: The degree of methylation of DKK-1 gene promoter in CSCC group was significantly higher than that in cervicitis group (P < 0.05). In CSCC group, the degree of methylation was significantly different in high-risk HPV infection, histological differentiation, tumor size, lymph node metastasis and the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging (all P < 0.05). The degree of methylation is not related to the type of high-risk HPV infection (P > 0.05). The one-year survival rate of CSCC patients with high-risk HPV positive and DKK-1 gene promoter methylation is relatively low, only 74.1%. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DKK-1 gene methylation combined with high-risk HPV detection were 96.7%, 78.0% and 85.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Methylation of DKK-1 gene promoter in cervical exfoliated cells of patients with CSCC is related to high-risk HPV infection and different clinicopathological factors, but the degree of methylation of DKK-1 gene is not related to the type of high-risk HPV infection. It may become an indicator different from HPV typing detection, which may play a shunt role in suggesting whether further invasive cervical examination is needed and reduce cervical invasive examination and overtreatment. It may be related to the survival rate of patients, which can be used to estimate the development and prognosis of CSCC and may play a good role in early warning in follow-up monitoring of CSCC after treatment. DKK1 gene methylation combined with HPV detection can improve the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of diagnosis, which may improve the detection rate of early CSCC and make up for the deficiency of HPV and TCT detection. That may become a non-invasive screening method for CSCC.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625840

RESUMO

Achieving high-efficiency thick-film bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells (OSCs) with thickness-independent power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) in a wide thickness range is still a challenge for the roll-to-roll printing techniques. The concept of diluting the transport sites within BHJ films with insulating polymers can effectively eliminate charge trapping states and optimize the charge transport. Herein, we first adopted the concept with insulating polypropylene (PP) in the efficient non-fullerene system (PM6:Y6) and demonstrated its potential to fabricate thick-film OSCs. The PP can form an insulating matrix prior to PM6 and Y6 within the BHJ film, resulting in an enhanced molecular interaction and isolated charge transport by expelling Y6 molecules. We thus observed reduced trap state density and improved charge transport properties in the PP-blended device. At around 300 nm, the PM6:Y6:PP device enjoys a high PCE of 15.5% and achieves over 100% of the efficiency of the optimal thin-film device, which is significantly improved compared to the binary PM6:Y6 counterpart. This research promotes an effective strategy with insulating polymers and provides knowledge of commercial production with response to the roll-to-roll technique demands.

20.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629140

RESUMO

A novel bright yellow pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, gliding, aerobic and rod-shaped marine bacterium, designated strain S7007T, was isolated from a marine sediment sample taken from Jingzi Wharf, Weihai, China. The bacterium was able to grow at 4-33 °C (optimum 28 °C), at pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum 7.0) and with 2.0-4.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3.0%). According to the phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain S7007T was associated with the genus Tenacibaculum and showed highest similarity to Tenacibaculum adriaticum JCM 14633T (98.0%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) scores of strain S7007T with T. adriaticum JCM 14633T and T. maritimum NBRC 110778T were 78.3% and 77.1%, respectively and the Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator (dDDH) scores were 20.5% and 19.9%, respectively. The sole isoprenoid quinone was MK-6 and the major cellular fatty acids (> 10.0%) were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 3-OH, iso-C15: 1 G and summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c). The major polar lipids of strain S7007T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, one unidentified lipid and two unidentified aminolipids. The genomic DNA G + C content was 30.9 mol %. The combined phenotypic data and phylogenetic inference that strain S7007T should be classified as a novel species in the genus Tenacibaculum, for which the name Tenacibaculum pelagium sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S7007T (= MCCC 1H00428T = KCTC 72941T).

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