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1.
Psychiatr Serv ; 73(12): 1401-1404, 2022 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36039550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to examine racial-ethnic differences in filled psychotropic prescriptions among a pediatric Medicaid population. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients ages 0-21 with at least one North Carolina Medicaid claim from October 1, 2017, through September 30, 2018 (N=983,886). The primary outcome was a filled psychotropic prescription. Separate multivariable modified Poisson regression models generated adjusted risk ratios (ARRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for patient demographic characteristics. RESULTS: Black and Hispanic patients were significantly less likely to receive any filled psychotropic prescription (ARR=0.61, 95% CI=0.60-0.62; ARR=0.29, 95% CI=0.28-0.29, respectively) compared with White and non-Hispanic patients. Furthermore, Black and Hispanic patients were less likely to receive filled prescriptions in the four included drug classes compared with White and non-Hispanic patients. CONCLUSIONS: Future studies should focus on understanding the factors contributing to racial and ethnic differences among pediatric patients receiving filled psychotropic prescriptions.


Assuntos
Medicaid , Grupos Raciais , Estados Unidos , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , North Carolina , Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico , Prescrições , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
2.
Psychiatr Serv ; 73(12): 1420-1423, 2022 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35734864

RESUMO

Effective October 2018, North Carolina Medicaid approved reimbursement for collaborative care model (CoCM) billing codes. From October 2018 through December 2019, only 915 of the estimated two million eligible Medicaid beneficiaries had at least one CoCM claim, and the median number of claims per patient was two. Availability of reimbursement for CoCM Medicaid billing codes in North Carolina did not immediately result in robust utilization of CoCM. Furthermore, the low median number of claims per patient suggests lack of fidelity to CoCM. A better understanding of barriers to CoCM implementation is necessary to expand utilization of this evidence-based model.


Assuntos
Medicaid , Estados Unidos , Humanos , North Carolina
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692895

RESUMO

Depression, suicidal behaviors and substance use problems frequently co-occur, and treatment for youth with these co-occurring problems is often fragmented and challenging. An integrated cognitive-behavioral treatment approach that builds upon a relapse prevention framework and applies common core skills, language, and approach for treating these related problems may be clinically beneficial. Following a description of the integrated approach, we present results of a pilot trial (n = 13) to examine the acceptability and feasibility of the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy - Relapse Prevention (CBT-RP) intervention plus enhanced treatment as usual (TAU) compared to enhanced TAU alone. The feasibility of the CBT-RP + TAU intervention was reflected by high rates of retention (86%). The acceptability was reflected in positive evaluations regarding the helpfulness of the intervention by adolescents and families. The majority of youth in both CBT-RP + TAU and TAU alone groups evidenced reductions in depression and suicide ideation from study entry to Week 20. Patterns of reduction were more consistent, however, for youth receiving CBT-RP + TAU, and reductions were slower to emerge for some youth receiving TAU alone. Reductions in alcohol and marijuana problems were similar, but half of the youth in TAU alone (and none in the CBT-RP + TAU group) had emergency department visits related to psychiatric crises or substance related problems. These findings, although based on a small sample, underscore the feasibility and acceptability of an integrated cognitive-behavioral relapse prevention approach for youth with depression, suicide attempt histories, and substance use problems.

4.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 51(1): 307-314, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405902

RESUMO

We examined special education classifications among students aged 3-21 in North Carolina public schools, highlighting autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). Results revealed variability by county in ASD and ID prevalence, and in county-level ratios of ID vs. ASD classifications. Sociodemographic characteristics predicted proportion of ASD or ID within a county; correlations showed an association between race and ID, but not ASD. County's median household income predicted proportion of students classified as ASD and ID (opposite directions), controlling for number of students and gender. Variability was unlikely related to biological incidence, and more likely related to district/school practices, or differences in resources. Disparities warrant further examination to ensure that North Carolina's youth with disabilities access necessary, appropriate resources.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/classificação , Educação Inclusiva/classificação , Deficiência Intelectual/classificação , Grupos Raciais/classificação , Estudantes/classificação , Populações Vulneráveis/classificação , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/economia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Educação Inclusiva/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/economia , Deficiência Intelectual/epidemiologia , Masculino , North Carolina/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas/classificação , Instituições Acadêmicas/economia , Classe Social , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Pediatr ; 222: 164-173.e5, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether umbilical cord blood (CB) infusion is safe and associated with improved social and communication abilities in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study included 180 children with ASD, aged 2-7 years, who received a single intravenous autologous (n = 56) or allogeneic (n = 63) CB infusion vs placebo (n = 61) and were evaluated at 6 months postinfusion. RESULTS: CB infusion was safe and well tolerated. Analysis of the entire sample showed no evidence that CB was associated with improvements in the primary outcome, social communication (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-3 [VABS-3] Socialization Domain), or the secondary outcomes, autism symptoms (Pervasive Developmental Disorder Behavior Inventory) and vocabulary (Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test). There was also no overall evidence of differential effects by type of CB infused. In a subanalysis of children without intellectual disability (ID), allogeneic, but not autologous, CB was associated with improvement in a larger percentage of children on the clinician-rated Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale, but the OR for improvement was not significant. Children without ID treated with CB showed significant improvements in communication skills (VABS-3 Communication Domain), and exploratory measures including attention to toys and sustained attention (eye-tracking) and increased alpha and beta electroencephalographic power. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, a single infusion of CB was not associated with improved socialization skills or reduced autism symptoms. More research is warranted to determine whether CB infusion is an effective treatment for some children with ASD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Comunicação , Sangue Fetal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Testes de Linguagem , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am ; 26(4): 761-770, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28916012

RESUMO

An estimated 1 in 5 children in the United States meet criteria for a diagnosable mental disorder, yet fewer than 20% receive mental health services. Unmet need for psychiatric treatment may contribute to patterns of increasing use of the emergency department. This article describes an integrated pediatric evaluation center designed to prevent the need for treatment in emergency settings by increasing access to timely and appropriate care for emergent and critical mental health needs. Preliminary results showed that the center provided rapid access to assessment and treatment services for children and adolescents presenting with a wide range of psychiatric concerns.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Pediatria , Adolescente , Criança , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Estados Unidos
7.
Suicide Life Threat Behav ; 47(4): 436-449, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27862201

RESUMO

This prospective, naturalistic study examined the association between major loss life experiences, other psychiatric risk factors (depression, hopelessness, and anxiety), and suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) among adolescents followed through young adulthood for up to 14 years. Major loss life events were related to subsequent increases in STBs. Major loss life events were primarily related to increases in suicide ideation in the presence of lower levels of other risk factors. There was a bidirectional relationship between major losses and other risk factors. Implications for the association between loss experiences, other risk factors, and future STBs are discussed.


Assuntos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Ideação Suicida , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 55(5): 400-407.e1, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27126854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the patterns among individuals in the long-term course of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). The objective of this study was to identify developmental trajectories of STBs from adolescence through young adulthood, as well as risk and protective covariates, and nonsuicidal outcomes associated with these trajectories. METHOD: A total of 180 adolescents (ages 12-18 years at recruitment) were repeatedly assessed over an average of 13.6 years (2,273 assessments) since their psychiatric hospitalization. Trajectories were based on ratings of STBs at each assessment. Covariates included psychiatric risk factors (proportion of time in episodes of psychiatric disorders, hopelessness, trait anxiety, impulsivity, and aggression in adulthood, sexual and physical abuse, parental history of suicidal behavior), protective factors (survival and coping beliefs, social support in adulthood, parenthood), and nonsuicidal outcomes (social adjustment and functional impairment in adulthood, school drop-out, incarcerations). RESULTS: Using a Bayesian group-based trajectory model, 4 trajectories of STBs were identified: an increasing risk class (11%); a highest overall risk class (12%); a decreasing risk class (33%); and a low risk class (44%). The 4 classes were associated with distinct patterns of correlates in risk and protective factors and nonsuicidal outcomes. CONCLUSION: Adolescents and young adults have heterogeneous developmental trajectories of STBs. These trajectories and their covariates may inform strategies for predicting STBs and targeting interventions for individuals at risk for suicidal behavior.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Humano , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Humano/classificação , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
9.
Infant Child Dev ; 24(3): 343-363, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26430390

RESUMO

The present study extends the spillover and crossover hypotheses to more carefully model the potential interdependence between parent-parent interaction quality and parent-child interaction quality in family systems. Using propensity score matching, the present study attempted to isolate family processes that are unique across African American and European American couples that are independent of other socio-demographic factors to further clarify how interparental relationships may be related to parenting in a rural, low-income sample. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM), a statistical analysis technique that accounts for the interdependence of relationship data, was used with a sample of married and non-married cohabiting African American and European American couples (n = 82 dyads) to evaluate whether mothers' and fathers' observed parenting behaviours are related to their behaviours and their partner's behaviours observed in a couple problem-solving interaction. Findings revealed that interparental withdrawal behaviour, but not conflict behaviour, was associated with less optimal parenting for fathers but not mothers, and specifically so for African American fathers. Our findings support the notion of interdependence across subsystems within the family and suggest that African American fathers may be specifically responsive to variations in interparental relationship quality.

10.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 83(2): 253-64, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25622200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine escalation in repeat suicide attempts from adolescence through adulthood, as predicted by sensitization models (and reflected in increasing intent and lethality with repeat attempts, decreasing amount of time between attempts, and decreasing stress to trigger attempts). METHOD: In a prospective study of 180 adolescents followed through adulthood after a psychiatric hospitalization, suicide attempts, and antecedent life events were repeatedly assessed (M = 12.6 assessments, SD = 5.1) over an average of 13 years 6 months (SD = 4 years 5 months). Multivariate logistic, multiple linear, and negative binomial regression models were used to examine patterns over time. RESULTS: After age 17-18, the majority of suicide attempts were repeat attempts (i.e., made by individuals with prior suicidal behavior). Intent increased both with increasing age, and with number of prior attempts. Medical lethality increased as a function of age but not recurrent attempts. The time between successive suicide attempts decreased as a function of number of attempts. The amount of precipitating life stress was not related to attempts. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents and young adults show evidence of escalation of recurrent suicidal behavior, with increasing suicidal intent and decreasing time between successive attempts. However, evidence that sensitization processes account for this escalation was inconclusive. Effective prevention programs that reduce the likelihood of individuals attempting suicide for the first time (and entering this cycle of escalation), and relapse prevention interventions that interrupt the cycle of escalating suicidal behavior among individuals who already have made attempts are critically needed. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Intenção , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Suicide Life Threat Behav ; 45(4): 461-76, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25442731

RESUMO

Gatekeeper training is a core strategy of the Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Suicide Prevention Act of 2004. Using data gathered from school-based gatekeeper trainings implemented by GLS grantees, this analysis examines training and gatekeeper factors associated with (1) identification and referral patterns and (2) services at-risk youths receive. Time spent interacting with youths was positively correlated with the number of gatekeeper identifications and knowledge about service receipt. Gatekeepers who participated in longer trainings identified proportionately more at-risk youths than participants in shorter trainings. Most gatekeeper trainees referred the identified youths to services regardless of training type.


Assuntos
Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos , Psiquiatria Preventiva/métodos , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevenção do Suicídio , Suicídio , Adolescente , Adulto , Educação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio Social , Suicídio/psicologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
13.
Dev Psychopathol ; 26(3): 605-18, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25047287

RESUMO

Adolescents' peer experiences may have significant associations with biological stress-response systems, adding to or reducing allostatic load. This study examined relational victimization as a unique contributor to reactive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses as well as friendship quality and behavior as factors that may promote HPA recovery following a stressor. A total of 62 adolescents (ages 12-16; 73% female) presenting with a wide range of life stressors and adjustment difficulties completed survey measures of peer victimization and friendship quality. Cortisol samples were collected before and after a lab-based interpersonally themed social stressor task to provide measures of HPA baseline, reactivity, and recovery. Following the stressor task, adolescents discussed their performance with a close friend; observational coding yielded measures of friends' responsiveness. Adolescents also reported positive and negative friendship qualities. Results suggested that higher levels of adolescents' relational victimization were associated with blunted cortisol reactivity, even after controlling for physical forms of victimization and other known predictors of HPA functioning (i.e., life stress or depressive symptoms). Friendship qualities (i.e., low negative qualities) and specific friendship behaviors (i.e., high levels of responsiveness) contributed to greater HPA regulation; however, consistent with theories of rumination, high friend responsiveness in the context of high levels of positive friendship quality contributed to less cortisol recovery. Findings extend prior work on the importance of relational victimization and dyadic peer relations as unique and salient correlates of adaptation in adolescence.


Assuntos
Bullying/psicologia , Amigos/psicologia , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/fisiopatologia , Grupo Associado , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal/fisiopatologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/fisiologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Criança , Vítimas de Crime , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/análise , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Saliva/química , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
14.
Suicide Life Threat Behav ; 43(2): 150-60, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23278713

RESUMO

Several agencies have emphasized the importance of establishing clear protocols or procedures to address the needs of youths who are identified as suicidal through suicide prevention programs or in emergency department settings. What constitutes optimal guidelines for developing and implementing such protocols, however, is unclear. At the request of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, we provide an overview of recommendations, as well as steps taken in conjunction with selected prevention programs and in emergency department settings to address the needs and improve the care of these youths.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Prevenção do Suicídio , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Suicídio/psicologia , Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 80(2): 222-31, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22250854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine whether suicidal intent and medical lethality of past suicide attempts are predictive of future attempts, the association between intent and lethality, and the consistency of these characteristics across repeated attempts among youth. METHOD: Suicide attempts in a 15-year prospective study of 180 formerly psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents (M(age at hospitalization) = 14.83; 51% female; 80% Caucasian) were characterized with the Subjective Intent Rating Scale and Lethality of Attempt Rating Scale. Anderson-Gill recurrent events survival models and generalized estimating equations were used to assess predictive validity. Generalized linear models were used to examine stability of characteristics across attempts. RESULTS: Neither intent nor lethality from the most recent attempt predicted future attempts. The highest level of intent and most severe lethality of attempts during the follow-up predicted subsequent attempts, but the degree to which highest intent and most severe lethality contributed to prediction after considering methods of suicide attempts, past number of attempts, or psychiatric diagnoses was mixed. Across successive attempts, there was little consistency in reported characteristics. Intent and lethality were related to each other only for attempts occurring in early adulthood. CONCLUSIONS: Highest intent and lethality were better predictors of future attempts than intent and lethality of the most recent attempt. However, these characteristics should be considered as predictors only within the context of other factors. For youth, clinicians should not infer true intent from the lethality of attempts, nor assume that characteristics of future suicide attempts will be similar to those of previous attempts.


Assuntos
Intenção , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Dev Psychol ; 47(4): 1153-66, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21299275

RESUMO

Two longitudinal studies examined associations between relational aggression and friendship quality during adolescence. In Study 1, 62 adolescents in Grades 6 (25.8%), 7 (32.3%), and 8 (41.9%) completed assessments of friendship affiliations, relational and overt aggression, and friendship quality at 2 time points, 1 year apart. Results using actor partner interdependence modeling indicated that high levels of relational aggression predicted increases in self-reported positive friendship quality 1 year later. In Study 2, 56 adolescents in Grades 9 (66.7%) and 10 (33.3%) attended a laboratory session with a friend in which their conversations were videotaped and coded for relationally aggressive talk. Target adolescents completed measures of positive and negative friendship quality during the laboratory session and during a follow-up phone call 6 months later. Analyses revealed that high levels of relationally aggressive talk at Time 1 predicted increases in negative friendship quality 6 months later. In addition, among adolescents involved in a reciprocal best friendship, high levels of observed relationally aggressive talk predicted increases in positive friendship quality over time. Taken together, these studies provide support for the idea that relational aggression may be associated with adaptive as well as maladaptive outcomes within the dyadic context of adolescent friendship.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Amigos/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Ajustamento Social , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Observação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Estatística como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Abnorm Psychol ; 119(4): 850-862, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20939652

RESUMO

Although research on the reasons for engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has increased dramatically in the last few years, there are still many aspects of this pernicious behavior that are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to address these gaps in the literature, with a particular focus on investigating whether NSSI (a) regulates affective valence in addition to affective arousal and (b) serves a cognitive regulation function in addition to an affect regulation function. To elucidate these issues, the present study utilized a sample of 112 participants (33 controls, 39 no pain controls, 16 NSSI individuals, and 24 controls matching the affect dysregulation levels of the NSSI group), employed psychophysiological measures of affective valence (startle-alone reactivity) and quality of information processing (prepulse inhibition), and used experimental methods involving an NSSI-proxy to model the NSSI process. Results largely were consistent with predictions, supporting the hypotheses that NSSI serves to regulate cognitive processing and affective valence. On this latter point, however, the control groups also showed a decrease in negative affective valence after the NSSI-proxy. This unexpected finding is consistent with the hypothesis that opponent processes may contribute to the development of self-injurious behaviors (Joiner, 2005). Overall, the present study represents an important extension of previous laboratory NSSI studies and provides a fertile foundation for future studies aimed at understanding why people engage in NSSI.


Assuntos
Afeto , Reflexo de Sobressalto/fisiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/fisiopatologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Filtro Sensorial/fisiologia , Estimulação Acústica , Adolescente , Adulto , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Prof Psychol Res Pr ; 41(3): 221-227, 2010 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20640243

RESUMO

Historically, certain terms used to describe psychopathology have evolved over time due to changing social and political contexts. This paper explores the importance of a clear and consistent language for characterizing suicide-related behaviors with a particular focus on the commonly used label "suicide gesture." The historical and contemporary uses of the term are explored, and clinical, research, and training implications are discussed. Clinicians and researchers are strongly encouraged to consider discontinuing the use of the term suicide gesture in light of its associated dismissive connotations and inconsistent application in clinical practice and research. In lieu of the term suicide gesture, recommendations are made regarding an increased emphasis by clinicians and researchers on more precise descriptions of suicidal behaviors and the functional assessment of suicide-related behaviors.

19.
J Abnorm Child Psychol ; 38(5): 669-82, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20437255

RESUMO

Research suggests that adolescents' engagement in nonsuicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviors may be increasing over time, yet little is known regarding distal longitudinal factors that may promote engagement in these behaviors. Data from two longitudinal studies are presented to examine whether NSSI may be associated with peer influence processes. Study 1 included 377 adolescents from a community-based sample; Study 2 included 140 clinically-referred adolescents recruited from a psychiatric inpatient facility. In Study 1, adolescents' NSSI was examined at baseline and one year later. Adolescents' nominated best friend reported their own levels of NSSI. In Study 2, adolescents' NSSI was examined at baseline as well as 9 and 18-months post-baseline. Adolescents' perceptions of their friends' engagement in self-injurious behavior (including suicidality) and depressed mood also were examined at all three time points. Baseline depressive symptoms were measured in both studies; gender and age were examined as moderators of peer influence effects. Results from both studies supported longitudinal peer socialization effects of friends' self-injurious behavior on adolescents' own NSSI for girls, but not for boys, even after controlling for depressive symptoms as a predictor. Study 1 suggested socialization effects mostly for younger youth. Results from Study 2 also suggested longitudinal socialization effects, as well as peer selection effects; adolescents' NSSI was associated with increasing perceptions of their friends' engagement in depressive/self-injurious thoughts and behavior. Findings contribute to the nascent literature on longitudinal predictors of NSSI and to work on peer influence.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Amigos/psicologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Meio Social , Adolescente , Criança , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30147215

RESUMO

This study examined concurrent and longitudinal associations among peer victimization, peer status, and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (i.e., suicidal ideation and nonsuicidal self-injury [NSSI]) over a 2-year period. A community sample of 493 adolescents (51% girls) in Grades 6-8 participated in the study. Participants completed measures of suicidal ideation and NSSI at three time points. Measures of peer victimization (overt and relational) and peer status (preference-based and reputation-based popularity) were collected by using a standard sociometric procedure. The hypothesized model was examined by using a multiple group (by gender) latent growth curve analysis. Results suggested that high levels of overt victimization were associated with increases in suicidal ideation over time for girls. No effects were revealed for relational victimization in the prediction of concurrent or longitudinal associations with suicidal ideation for boys or girls. With respect to peer status, low levels of preference-based popularity were associated with increases in suicidal ideation over time. Implications for understanding the complex patterns of association among different forms of peer victimization, self-injurious thoughts and behaviors, and peer group status are discussed.

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