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1.
J Food Sci ; 88(8): 3255-3273, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37421355

RESUMO

Due to the uncontrolled fermentation process and unstable quality of naturally fermented leaf mustard, inoculated fermentation is receiving more attention. Here, the physicochemical properties, volatile compounds, and microbial community in leaf mustard under natural fermentation (NF) and inoculated fermentation (IF) were analyzed and compared. The contents of total acid, crude fiber, and nitrite of leaf mustard were measured. Headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and orthogonal projection on latent structure-discriminant analysis were used to analyze the differences of volatile compounds in NF and IF leaf mustard. Moreover, Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technology was employed to reveal the composition of microbiota. The results showed that the nitrite content in leaf mustard after IF (3.69 mg/kg) was significantly lower than that after NF (4.43 mg/kg). A total of 31 and 25 kinds of volatile components were identified in IF and NF, respectively. Among the detected compounds, 11 compounds caused the differences between IF and NF leaf mustard. The results of inter-group difference analysis showed that there were significant differences in fungal flora between IF and NF samples. Saccharomycetes, Kazachstania, and Ascomycota were the landmark microorganisms in IF leaf mustard and the landmark microorganisms in NF were Mortierellomycota, Sordariomycetes, and Eurotiomycetes. The abundance of probiotics (such as Lactobacillus) in IF leaf mustard (51.22%) was higher than that in NF (35.20%) and the abundance of harmful molds (such as Mortierella and Aspergillus) was opposite. Therefore, IF leaf mustard showed the potential to reduce the content of nitrite and harmful molds and increase the beneficial volatile compounds and probiotics. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Leaf mustard of inoculated fermentation (IF) showed better fermented characteristics than natural fermentation in terms of lower nitrite content, greater beneficial volatile substances, and better potential for increasing probiotics and reducing harmful molds. These results provided a theoretical basis for IF leaf mustard and contributed to the industrial production of fermented leaf mustard.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Mostardeira , Mostardeira/química , Fermentação , Nitritos/análise , Fungos , Folhas de Planta/química
2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 269-277, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-994827

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients with voltage-gated potassium channel complex (VGKCc) antibody associated clinical syndromes complicated with myasthenia gravis (MG) with thymoma.Methods:The clinical history, examinations and follow-up prognosis of 2 cases of VGKCc antibodies associated clinical syndromes with MG complicated with thymoma in Qilu Hospital (Qingdao), Cheeloo College of Medicine,Shandong University in September 2020 and December 2020 were reviewed. Related literatures were summarized at the same time.Results:Case 1, a 64-year-old female clinically presented with cognitive impairment, psychosis, and epilepsy seizures, whose serum autoimmune antibody testing showed positive leucine-rich glioma-inhibited 1 (LGI1) antibody, was diagnosed as anti-LGI1 encephalitis,and had history of MG with thymoma. Her symptoms were improved by immunotherapy. Case 2, a 67-year-old male, was diagnosed as MG, and developed cognitive impairment, myokymia and autonomic dysfunction later. His serum autoimmune antibody testing showed positive contactin associated protein-like 2 antibody. Therefore, Morvan syndrome complicated with MG with thymoma was definitely diagnosed. After admission, the patient was improved with immunotherapy and thymoma resection.Conclusions:Patients with VGKCc antibody-associated clinical syndromes complicated with MG have the clinical characteristics of the two diseases simultaneously, and there is also crossover. Immunotherapy and treatment for thymoma are generally effective.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-994420

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the clinical and imaging features of patients with sudden sensorineural deafness and acute cerebral infarction in order to provide evidence for early recognition of such diseases.Methods:This was a case series reporting study. A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical and imaging data of 29 patients with sudden hearing loss (SHL) who admitted to the Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 and diagnosed with acute cerebral infarction using MRI-DWI.Results:The patients were aged 31-71 years, with an average age of 56±12 years, and 82.8% (24/29) were men. In total, 82.8% (24/29) of the patients had three or more atherosclerotic risk factors, and 24.1% (7/29) had a history of SHL. The hearing types were flat and total deafness: 86.2% (25/29) of the patients had severe hearing loss, 27.6% (8/29) had bilateral SHL, 17.2% (5/29) had further hearing loss during hospitalization, and 82.8% (24/29) had dizziness or vertigo at the onset. The signs of central nervous system involvement mainly included speech impairment, diplopia, dysphagia, central facial paralysis, facial and limb hypoesthesia, ataxia, and decreased muscle strength. Imaging evaluation showed that 21 cases were located in the posterior circulation supply area and 8 cases in the anterior circulation supply area. Additionally, 82.8% (24/29) patients had vertebrobasilar artery stenosis, and 58.6% (17/29) patients had severe vertebrobasilar artery stenosis or occlusion.Conclusions:Patients with SHL who progress to cerebral infarction often have multiple atherosclerotic risk factors and SHL. Most of the patients are middle-aged and older men who often complain of dizziness or dizziness accompanied by severe flat and total deafness with unilateral or bilateral SHL. Imaging findings suggest that most patients have posterior circulation infarction, often accompanied by severe stenosis or occlusion of the vertebrobasilar artery.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-989764

RESUMO

Objective:To study the effects of Zuogui Pills on the expressions of miR-133b-3p and RhoA in osteoclasts of postmenopausal osteoporosis rats; To discuss its potential mechanism.Methods:SD female rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, sham-operation group, and Zuogui Pills group using a random number table method, with 6 rats in each group. The model group and Zuogui Pills group were treated with oophorectomy to construct a rat model of osteoporosis. Zuogui Pills group was orally administered with Zuogui Pills decoction at a concentration of 10 g/kg for 12 consecutive weeks. Colorimetric method was used to measure the serum calcium and phosphorus levels of rats, and ELISA method was used to detect ALP levels. Bone density meter was used to measure the bone density of the femurs of rats in each group. The osteoclast of each group were cultured, and the expressions of RANKL and RUNX2 protein were detected by Western blot. MiRNA sequencing and differential expression analysis were performed on bone tissues of rats. Osteoclasts were treated with miR-133b-3p mimic and its negative control. The cell proliferation activity of osteoclasts was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The osteoclast differentiation activity was detected by the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the relationship between miR-133b-3p and RhoA. The "rescue" experiment of miR-133b-3p mimic and RhoA co-expression were used to study the molecular regulatory mechanism of Zuogui Pills on osteoclast activity.Results:Compared with the model group, the bone mineral density of Zuogui Pills group significantly increased ( P<0.05, P<0.01), the levels of calcium and phosphorus in serum increased, the level of alkaline phosphatase ALP decreased ( P<0.05), the expression of RANKL protein decreased, and the expression of RUNX2 protein increased. Sequencing results showed that rno-miR-133b-3p was down-regulated in osteoclasts of postmenopausa osteoporosis rats treated with Zuogui Pills with the maximum difference ( P<0.01). Q-PCR results showed that the expression of miR-133b-3p in osteoclasts of Zuogui Pills group was significantly lower than that of the model group. The upregulation of miR-133b-3p could significantly promote the cell proliferation and differentiation of osteoclasts. RhoA overexpression could reverse the excessive proliferation and differentiation of osteoclasts caused by miR-133b-3p overexpression. Conclusions:RhoA is the target gene regulated by miR-133b-3p. Zuogui Pills can inhibit the activity of osteoclasts by regulating miR-133b-3p/RhoA axis, relieving the symptoms of osteoporosis.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964650

RESUMO

Background Climbing pylons during high-voltage cable maintenance is not only a labor-intensive task, but also a challenge bringing about heat stress and mental pressure from working at height, which may lead to accumulation of muscle fatigue and work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Objective To record the local muscle fatigue during a simulated climbing task by high-voltage cable electricians based on surface electromyography (sEMG) signals, explore the characteristic changes in sEMG signals and their relationship with subjective fatigue evaluation of the task, and provide data support for developing task specific objective assessment tools for local muscle fatigue and prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Methods Ten male college students were recruited to conduct a test of a simulated pylon climbing task. The climbing distance was 60 m, and a task segment was set for every 20 m (about 100 s), recorded as T1, T2, and T3, respectively. After completing each task segment, the subjects were required to rate their subjective fatigue using the Borg's RPE Scale. Fatigue was defined by rating of perceived exertion (RPE) score ≥ 14 in this study. The sEMG signals of trapezius, erector spinae, rectus femoris, and gastrocnemius muscles were recorded wirelessly. The standardized maximal voluntary electrical activation (MVE) obtained by standardizing the root mean square (RMS) of the time domain index and the median frequency (MF) of the frequency domain index were estimated for the recorded sEMG signals, and joint amplitude and spectrum analysis (JASA) was used to evaluate local muscle fatigue of target muscles involving in the climbing task. Results The RPE scores of T1, T2, and T3 were 11.9, 15.3, and 17.4, respectively. Subjective fatigue was found in T2 and T3 but not in T1. With the extension of climbing time, the MVE values of left and right erector spinae muscles, left and right rectus femoris, and right gastrocnemius muscle increased gradually, while the MVE values of left and right trapezius muscles and left gastrocnemius muscle increased first and then decreased. The MF values of left and right rectus femoris increased at first, then remained unchanged, while the MF values of the other muscles remained basically unchanged. In T1, three muscles, including left trapezius muscle and both side of erector spinae muscles, showed fatigue; in T2, five muscles, including both sides of erector spina muscles, right trapezius muscle, and both sides of gastrocnemius muscle appeared fatigue; in T3 , except for left rectus femoris, the other seven muscles were fatigue. Conclusion The characteristic changes of electromyography signals in the simulated climbing task are not completely consistent with the typical amplitude increase and left shift of the frequency spectrum of sEMG signals in static tasks, indicating that the application of time-domain and frequency-domain analysis methods in the evaluation of muscle fatigue in climbing tasks needs further discussion. Trapezius muscles and erector spinae muscles are the first to show fatigue in the simulation, and may be the sensitive muscle groups of muscle fatigue associated with climbing movement. Compared with subjective evaluation, surface electromyography is more sensitive in the assessment of body fatigue. Fatigue is reported about 100 s of climbing (the climbing length is about 20 m).

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964649

RESUMO

Background Long working hours is harmful to the physical and mental health of occupational groups, and should receive active attention. Objective To evaluate the current status of long working hours among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises, and explore its effects on work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) of the population. Methods From March to June 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1433 operation and maintenance workers from 10 power supply enterprises in Jilin Province, Shandong Province, and Tianjin Municipality using cluster sampling. A total of 1433 copies of revised Mus-culoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire were distributed, 1343 questionnaires were recovered, and the recovery rate was 93.72%. The questionnaire included general information, personal health behaviors, weekly working hours, work-related factors, and musculoskeletal pain or discomfort in nine body parts in the past 12 months. χ2 test and multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate the relationships between long working hours (>40 h per week) and WMSDs. Results The average age of the workers was (39.42±9.89) years, and the average work experience was 11.00 (5.00, 21.00) years. There were 1158 males (86.22%) and 185 females (13.78%). The average weekly working hours of the workers were (47.98±11.35) h, and the proportion of long working hours (>40 h per week) was 61.06% (820/1343). The proportions of long working hours were higher among the workers with characteristics of male, power distribution, shift work, often/very often long-time standing, often/very often holding awkward postures, often handling heavy objects, limited space to operate, long-time neck tilting backward, keeping arms above shoulders, frequent elbow bending, repeating knee movement every minute, and repeating lower limb or foot movement every minute (all P<0.05). The prevalence rate of WMSDs was 81.53% (1095/1343) among the workers. The results of multiple logistic regression showed that after adjusting education, smoking, exercise, awkward postures, often handling heavy objects, limited space to operate, long-time heavy trunk bending, long-time neck tilting backward, and keeping arms above shoulders, compared with working ≤40 h per week, the risk of WMSDs among workers working >49 h per week was higher (OR=1.406, 95%CI: 1.011-1.955). Conclusion Long working hours is prominent among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises, and increases the risk of reporting WMSDs.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964646

RESUMO

Background Power grid is a basic industry of national economy. The occupational health problems among operation and maintenance workers in this industry have become increasingly prominent in recent years, and they should receive enough attention. Objective To estimate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) of neck and shoulder among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises, and analyze related influencing factors. Methods From March to June 2021, a total of 1433 operation and maintenance worker from 10 power supply enterprises in three provinces of North China were selected as research subjects using cluster sampling method. A revised Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was used to investigate the prevalence and ergonomic factors of neck and shoulder pain in the past year. χ2 test and logistic regression model were used to explore influencing factors of neck and shoulder pain among operation and maintenance workers. Results A total of 1343 valid questionnaires were recovered and the effective recovery rate was 93.72%. The neck pain prevalence was 66.0% (886 cases) and the shoulder pain prevalence was 54.1% (727 cases). The multiple logistic regression analysis results showed that often/very often long-time sitting (OR=1.864, 95%CI: 1.236-2.811; OR=1.659, 95%CI: 1.091-2.524), sometimes holding awkward postures (OR=1.695, 95%CI: 1.294-2.219; OR=1.596, 95%CI: 1.218-2.092), often/very often holding awkward postures (OR=2.416, 95%CI: 1.618-3.607; OR=2.058, 95%CI: 1.405-3.015), long-time slight neck tilting forward (OR=1.327, 95%CI: 1.023-1.722; OR=1.571, 95%CI: 1.221-2.022), long-time elbows bending (OR=1.327, 95%CI: 1.023-1.722; OR=1.506, 95%CI: 1.112-2.040) and department or team staff shortages (OR=1.578, 95%CI: 1.153-2.161; OR=1.831, 95%CI: 1.320-2.539) were associated with higher neck and shoulder pain prevalence rates. While exercise (OR=0.630, 95%CI: 0.492-0.809; OR=0.707, 95%CI: 0.557-0.899) was associated with lower neck and shoulder pain prevalence rates. Doing same work every day (OR=1.704, 95%CI: 1.305-2.225) was associated with a higher neck pain prevalence rate. Awkward postures with ineffectual force (OR=1.808, 95%CI: 1.226-2.665) and often keeping arms above shoulders (OR=1.424, 95%CI: 1.017-1.992) were associated with a higher shoulder pain prevalence rate. Conclusion The prevalence rates of neck and shoulder pian are high among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises in selected three provinces of North China, and the main associated factors include individual factors, awkward work postures, and labor organization.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964644

RESUMO

Background Operation and maintenance work in the power grid industry often involving climbing, manual handling, and poor postures causing serious problems like work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). The influencing factors of WMSDs are not very clear, but the problem has been widely concerned in this industry. Objective To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of WMSDs among climbing task-involved workers in power supply enterprises. Methods Using a cross-sectional design, a total of 702 workers involving climbing task from 10 power supply enterprises in Jilin Province, Tianjin Municipality, and Shandong province were selected as study subjects using cluster sampling. The Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire which was revised by Lei Yang was used to estimate the prevalence and identify related factors of WMSDs. \begin{document}$ {\chi

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1807-1810, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-992236

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in men.Methods:The cross-sectional study method was used. The subjects were male physical examination population who were examined in the Health Examination Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University from January 2021 to December 2021. According to the MS diagnostic criteria, they were divided into MS and non MS groups. The BMD of femur was measured by dual energy X-ray bone density analyzer. The prevalence rate and bone mineral density of osteopenia, osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome in different age groups, and the differences of metabolic indicators between MS and non MS groups and the impact of MS on BMD were analyzed. Multivariate linear stepwise regression was used to analyze the risk factors of male bone mineral density.Results:6 191 subjects were included in the study. The prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) was 9.50%(588/6 191) and the prevalence of MS was 31.64%(1959/6 191) in healthy men. The prevalence of age, body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total glyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), uric acid, diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure and fatty liver in MS group were higher than those in non-MS group, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). The high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in MS group was lower than that in non-MS group, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). There were no significant difference in the prevalence of OP and BMD between the MS group and the non-MS group (all P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in BMD values among different MS groups, but after adjusting BMI, when the MS group score increased from 0 to 4, the BMD value decreased gradually, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that BMD was positively correlated with BMI and diastolic blood pressure, but negatively correlated with age, systolic blood pressure and prevalence of fatty liver disease (all P<0.05). Conclusions:With the increase of the number of MS components, BMD in men decreased gradually. BMD in men was positively correlated with BMI and diastolic blood pressure, but negatively correlated with age, systolic blood pressure and prevalence of fatty liver disease.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-989874

RESUMO

Objective:To determine the role and molecular mechanism of dexmedetomidine (DEX) in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) .Methods:Twenty-seven patients with PMOP admitted to Yantai Yantaishan Hospital from Jan. 2020 to Jan. 2021 were selected as PMOP group, and 20 healthy volunteers were selected as Normal group. The differentially expressed miRNAs in PMOP were screened, clinically, the expression of miR-483-3p and catenin beta 1 (CTNNB1) in serum samples of patients with PMOP was detected by qRT-PCR. In vitro experiment, Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were induced into osteoblasts, Dex was used to treat BMSCs and intervene the expression of miR-483-3p, CTNNB1 in BMSCs, the expression level of osteogenesis related indexes (RUNX2、OCN、OPN) was detected. After coculturing Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVECs) with BMSCs, angiogenesis experiment was utilized to detect the angiogenesis ability.Results:Compared with Normal group (1±0.46) (1.03±0.44) , the expression of miR-483-3p (3.23±1.61) was increased in serum of PMOP patients while expression of CTNNB1 (0.50±0.27) was inhibited ( t=5.99, P<0.001) ( t=5.14, P<0.001) . miR-483-3p has a good diagnostic effect on PMOP (AUC=0.86, P<0.001) . After Dex treatment, miR-483-3p level was decreased in BMSCs, CTNNB1 level was increased (all P<0.05) . Dex promoted the expression of RUNX2, OCN, OPN and number of angiogenesis, but this effect was partially reversed by miR-483-3p overexpression (all P<0.05) . CTNNB1 was confirmed as a target gene of miR-483-3p, the inhibition effects of miR-483-3p overexpression on osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis of BMSCs induced by Dex was partially reversed by CTNNB1 overexpression (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:Dex enhanced CTNNB1 level in PMOP via inhibiting miR-483-3p, subsequently promoted osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis of BMSCs and inhibited progression of PMOP.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 674-678, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-958914

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of spiral CT arterial enhancement fraction (AEF) in clinicopathological staging of colorectal cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 151 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients (colorectal cancer group) and 86 patients who underwent physical examination with no history of colorectal disease (the control group) admitted to Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from September 2019 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All research subjects received whole abdominal spiral CT plain scan and three-phase enhanced scan, and the obtained images were transferred to the Siemens Syngo.via post-processing workstation for post-processing to obtain the AEF color map and its quantitative parameter AEF value. The correlation of AEF value with colorectal cancer stage and Ki-67 was analyzed, and its diagnostic performance for clinicopathological staging of colorectal cancer was evaluated by using receiver operating characteristic curve.Results:The AEF values ??of patients at stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ colorectal cancer were (72±9)%, (65±11)%, (60±12)%, and (52±10)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 22.15, P < 0.001). The AEF values ??of the control group and the colorectal cancer group were (85±6)% and (62±12)%, respectively, and the difference in AEF value of both groups was statistically significant ( t = 18.66, P < 0.001). The clinicopathological stage of colorectal cancer was negatively correlated with AEF value ( r = -0.548, P < 0.05). Taking the control group as the standard, the area under the curve (AUC) of AEF value for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 0.866 (the sensitivity was 62.50%, the specificity was 96.51%) and 0.928 (the sensitivity was 76.74%, the specificity was 98.84%), 0.981 (the sensitivity was 92.68%, the specificity was 91.86%) and 1.000 (the sensitivity was 100.00%, the specificity was 98.84%), and the difference in diagnostic efficiency was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The AEF value of colorectal cancer was negatively correlated with Ki-67 ( r = -0.537, P < 0.05). The Ki-67 positive index of patients at stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ colorectal cancer was (55±12)%, (67±10)%, (73±12)%, and (79±11)%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F = 11.94, P < 0.001); the Ki-67 positive index of patients at stage Ⅳ was higher than those at stage Ⅰ+Ⅱ ( t = 3.45, P = 0.001); the clinicopathological stage of colorectal cancer was positively correlated with Ki-67 ( r = 0.393, P < 0.001). Conclusions:AEF quantitative color map and AEF value can reflect the characteristics of arterial and venous blood supply in colorectal cancer lesions. AEF value analysis before surgery is helpful for the clinicopathological staging of colorectal cancer.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 42-49, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-934133

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the expression of circular RNA circ_0008274 in cetuximab-resistant colorectal cancer cells using bioinformatics technology and to explore its involvement in the development of cetuximab resistance.Methods:Five concentrations of cetuximab (10, 50, 100, 150, 200 nmol/L) were set. Cetuximab-resistant cells DiFi-R and Caco-2-R were screened out and established by concentration increasing method using colorectal cancer cells DiFi and Caco-2. The expression of circ_0008274 in DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). The interaction and regulation between circ_0008274 and microRNA(miR)-140-3p were analyzed by double-luciferase reporter assay. The highly expressed gene SMARCC1 related to cetuximab resistance was determined by Western blotting. Circ_0008274 in DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells were knocked out with small interfering RNA si-circ_0008274 transfection. After knock out, the differences in the colony formation and cell proliferation in DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells were compared. MiR-140-3p mimic and blank control miR were transfected into DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells. After transfection the difference in cell proliferation between transfected with miR-140-3p mimic and blank control miR in DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells were analyzed. After Caco-2-R cell was knocked out with si-circ_0008274, the changes of SMARCC1 protein expression rescued by pcDNA3.1 SMARCC1 and cell viability were analyzed. The tumor specimens of 15 colorectal cancer patients hospitalized in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from March 2019 to August 2020 were included. According to the treatment effect, the patients were divided into sensitive group (11 cases) and drug-resistant group (4 cases). The relative expression levels of circ_0008274, downstream SMARCC1and miR-140-3p in colorectal cancer tissues in the two groups were detected by RT-PCR. Independent sample t test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The level of circ_0008274 in DiFi-R cells was 2.33±0.12 times of that of DiFi cells, while the level in Caco-2-R was (2.92±0.42) times of that of Caco-2 cells, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=19.97 and 7.80, both P<0.05). The results of double-luciferase reporter showed that after miR-140-3p mimic combined with wild-type circ_0008274, the relative fluorescence intensity was lower than before (0.28±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.00), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-30.71, P=0.001). The expression of SMARCC1 protein in DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells was significantly increased, the expression at protein level was higher than that of DiFi and Caco-2 cells (2.22±0.36 vs. 0.61±0.17, 0.85±0.11 vs. 0.35±0.08), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=6.23 and 6.32, both P<0.01). After circ_0008274 was knocked out, the numbers of colony formation of DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells were both lower than those of before knockout (36.67±4.04 vs. 66.00±9.54, 17.35±4.04 vs. 52.33±8.02), the relative active cell ratios after interventing by 10, 50, 100, 150 and 200 nmol/L cetuximab were also lower than those of before knockout (DiFi-R cells: (73.75±2.75)% vs. (88.10±2.48)%, (56.50±6.66)% vs. (75.15±6.03)%, (35.75±5.32)% vs. (59.63±6.67)%, (24.25±3.30)% vs. (52.40±6.71)%, (6.25±2.75)% vs. (48.60±5.38)%; Caco-2-R cells: (63.74±5.25)% vs. (85.76±4.79)%, (56.50±4.20)% vs.(83.50±3.90)%, (46.00±2.94)% vs. (80.00±6.05)%, (35.30±5.56)% vs. (68.30±4.57)%, (12.25±7.37)% vs. (62.40±7.51)%), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.90, 6.71, -7.75, -4.16, -5.60, -7.53, -14.02, -6.19, -8.33, -10.10, -9.17 and -9.56, all P<0.01). After transfecting with miR-140-3p mimic, the relative active cell ratios of DiFi-R and Caco-2-R cells interventing by 10, 50, 100, 150 and 200 nmol/L cetuximab were both lower than those transfected with blank control miR (DiFi-R cells: (71.55±4.97)% vs. (85.90±2.66)%, (51.58±3.91)% vs. (74.95±6.35)%, (41.23±8.84)% vs. (58.43±7.05)%, (28.60±5.26)% vs. (53.75±5.65)%, (18.90±5.13)% vs. (51.30±3.30)%; Caco-2-R cells: (61.75±2.22)% vs. (90.10±1.41)%, (53.25±4.17)% vs. (86.18±2.69)%, (46.38±4.55)% vs. (77.75±6.70)%, (36.10±8.76)% vs. (70.15±4.18)%, (24.25±2.63)% vs. (65.10±7.62)%), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-5.09, -6.47, -3.05, -6.28, -10.30, -21.48, -12.83, -8.01, -6.79 and -10.12, all P<0.01). After circ_0008274 was knocked out, the SMARCC1 protein level of Caco-2-R cells rescued by pcDNA3.1 SMARCC1 was higher than that of before rescue (0.63±0.19 vs. 0.09±0.03), and the relative active cell ratios after interventing by 10, 50, 100, 150 and 200 nmol/L cetuximab were also higher than that of before rescue ((93.10±3.56)% vs. (83.83±3.97)%, (83.28±4.26)% vs. (60.90±7.02)%, (61.83±2.12)% vs. (50.10±5.59)%, (53.20±3.74)% vs. (40.50±3.42)%, (46.20±4.08)% vs. (30.80±4.82)%), and the differences were statistically significant( t=3.55, 3.52, 5.44, 3.87, 4.64 and 4.88, all P<0.01). The relative expression levels of circ_0008274 and downstream SMARCC1 of colon cancer tissues in the drug-resistant group were higher than those in the sensitive group (6.45±1.32 vs. 2.26±1.39, 12.53±1.60 vs. 3.82±1.56), and the relative expression level of miR-140-3p was lower than that in the sensitive group (3.91±1.25 vs. 7.43±2.23), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=5.22, 9.51, -2.93, all P<0.01). Conclusions:Circular RNA circ_0008274 is highly expressed in colorectal cancer tissues and cetuximab resistant cells, interacts and inhibits miR-140-3p expression, up-regulates SMARCC1, and participates in the occurrence of cetuximab resistance. PcDNA3.1 SMARCC1 rescue can block the sensitization effect of si-circ_0008274 on cetuximab, and can significantly increase cetuximab resistance of colorectal cancer cells.

13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-954509

RESUMO

Objective:investigate the effect of serum uric acid (SUA) on long-term cerebrovascular mortality and recurrent stroke in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods:A total of 132 patients from the same center were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into three groups according to the quartile level of SUA: group 1 (SUA < 442 μmol/L, n= 69) , group 2 (SUA 442-620 μmol/L, n=35) and group 3 (SUA > 620 μmol/L, n= 28). SUA, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglyceride and hypersensitive c-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were measured in the three groups, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was determined on the day of admission, and the patients were followed up until December 31, 2020. The differences of recurrent stroke and cerebrovascular mortality in the three groups were analyzed. Results:Sixty-nine patients were selected in group 1, 35 in group 2 and 28 in group 3. Patients in group 2 and group 3 were younger, and had higher hs-CRP levels, higher SUA levels, and higher rates of recurrent stroke and cerebrovascular mortality, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Cerebrovascular mortality (log-rank χ2 =13.19, P=0.001) and recurrent stroke (log-rank χ2 =10.30, P=0.006) were significantly increased in group 3. The risk of recurrent stroke in group 3 was 3.55 times higher than that in group 1. Conclusions:The risks of long-term cerebrovascular mortality and recurrent stroke were significantly increased in patients of acute cerebral infarction with elevated serum uric acid.

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 596-600, 2021.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-912930

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the expressions and significances of autophagy-related genes Beclin-1, LC3 and p62 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:The clinical data of 112 patients with primary ESCC who underwent surgery at the 81st Group Army Hospital of Chinese PLA from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expressions of Beclin-1, p62 and LC3 proteins in 112 ESCC tissues and 31 adjacent normal esophageal mucosa tissues. Furthermore, the expressions of the above three autophagy-related markers in ESCC and the relationship between their expressions and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients were analyzed.Results:The positive expression rates of Beclin-1, LC3 and p62 in ESCC tissues were 32.14% (36/112), 37.50% (42/112) and 63.39% (71/112), The positive expression rates of Beclin-1, LC3 and p62 in adjacent normal esophageal mucosa tissues were 61.29% (19/31), 64.52% (20/31) and 32.26% (10/31), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 values ??were 8.715, 7.216 and 9.584, all P < 0.01). The positive expression rates of Beclin-1 and LC3 in ESCC were lower than those in adjacent normal esophageal mucosa tissues, and the positive expression rate of p62 in ESCC was higher than that in adjacentnormal esophageal mucosa tissues. In ESCC patients, the expression of Beclin-1 was related to histological grade, infiltration depth, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (all P < 0.05); the expression of LC3 was related to infiltration depth and TNM staging (both P < 0.01); the expression of p62 was related to lymph node metastasis ( P < 0.01). In ESCC, the expression of LC3 was positively correlated with the expression of Beclin-1 ( r = 0.731, P = 0.001), and negatively correlated with the expression of p62 ( r = -0.215, P = 0.023). Conclusions:Autophagy plays a certain role in the occurrence and development of ESCC. Combined detection of autophagy-related genes Beclin-1, p62 and LC3 can assist clinical diagnosis and guide follow-up comprehensive treatment.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-912114

RESUMO

Objective:To express virus-like particles of poliovirus type 2 (PV2-VLP) in insect cells using a recombinant baculovirus expressing P1 and 3CD and to preliminarily evaluate its immunogenicity.Methods:Based on the codon preference of High 5 cells, the sequences of P1 gene and 3CD gene of PV2 were optimized and inserted into pUC57-Amp to construct pUC57-PV2-P1 and pUC57-PV2-3CD. UC57-PV2-P1s mutant that carried P1 gene mutation affecting thermostability was then constructed. Recombinant baculovirus strains of rBac-PV2-P1s-3CD and rBac-PV2-P1-3CD (wild type) were constructed using homologous recombination. The expression of target proteins was detected by Western blot. PV2-VLP was purified by ion exchange chromatography. The structure of VLP was observed under transmission electron microscopy to evaluate the assembly efficiency. The immunogenicity of PV2-VLP was assessed in a rat model.Results:The recombinant baculovirus with stable expression of P1s and 3CD proteins was successfully constructed. Western blot results showed that the yield of VLP was higher after thermostability mutation than that of the wild type. A three-dimensional structure with a diameter of about 30 nm was observed under electron microscopy, indicating that the VLP was successfully assembled. Animal experiment showed that the recombinant PV2-VLP had immunogenicity and could effectively induce the production of neutralizing antibodies.Conclusions:Effective VLP vaccines could be successfully prepared using the insect cell-baculovirus expression system, which provided reference for the development of polio VLP vaccine.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-908250

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of modified midline catheter-related thrombosis and propose countermeasures.Methods:Retrospective analysis was used to divide patients admitted to the neurology department of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from February 2018 to July 2020 into thrombotic group (9 cases) and nonthrombotic group (117 cases). Univariate analysis and binary Logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors for catheter-related thrombosis.Results:The incidence of thrombosis was 7.14% (9/126) in patients with modified midline catheters. Univariate analysis showed that the occurrence of catheter-related thrombosis in patients was related to the primary type ( χ2 value was 6.331, P<0.05) and catheter pretreatment ( χ2 value was 4.016, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the primary disease type and the catheter pretreatment method ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of thrombus in patients with encephalitis and pretreated catheter with normal saline is high, preventive care should be taken before the occurrence of thrombus, and thrombolytic therapy should be taken as soon as possible after the occurrence of thrombus.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-907725

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the effect of hyperuricemia treatment on vascular endothelial function and blood pressure in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods:A total of 138 cases from the same center were enrolled in the study. 92 cases of acute cerebral infarction patients combined with hyperuricemia were selected. They were randomly divided into the experimental group (46 cases) and control group (46 cases). 46 cases of acute cerebral infarction patients with normal uric acid were selected in the same period. Patients in the experimental group received oral allopurinol for 3 months to treat hyperuricemia. Serum uric acid, blood lipid, and hs-CRP were tested before and after treatment in these populations. Blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) were also detected, and vascular endothelial function was evaluated using ultrasound non-invasive blood flow mediated vasodilation function (FMD). Comparison and statistical analysis were carried out in groups.Results:Uric acid [(479.7±49.0) μmol/L vs. (381.2±76.7) μmol/L]、hs-CRP[(8.1±6.7) mg/L vs. (5.1±4.6) mg/L]、systolic blood pressure [(124.7±26.3) mmHg vs. (97.4±13.5) mmHg] decreased significantly in the experimental group after 3 months of treatment with allopurinol ( P<0.05), and blood flow mediated vasodilation function [(7.6±3.5) vs. (11.2±3.9)]significantly increased ( P<0.05). The decrease of serum uric acid was positively correlated with the increase of FMD in the experimental group ( r=0.463, P<0.01). Multiple Regression analysis showed that serum uric acid was an independent predictor of FMD( β=-0.229, P=0.035). Conclusions:The treatment of hyperuricemia in patients with acute cerebral infarction can significantly improve the vascular endothelial function of patients, improve inflammation state and lower blood pressure. It is further confirmed that a higher uric acid level is related to worse endothelial function which may contribute to atherosclerosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1400-1402, 2021.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-887360

RESUMO

Objective@#To investigate epidemiological features of genital Chlamydia trachomatis(Ct) infection among youth aged 15-24 years in Beijing, so as to provide scientific basis for developing control strategies.@*Methods@#Data regarding genital Ct infection among youth aged 15-24 years were collected from the disease surveillance information reporting system in Beijing between 2010 and 2019 and were analyzed with the descriptive epidemiological method.@*Results@#During 2010-2019, a total of 1 871 cases of Ct infection was reported, 1 287(68.79%) of the cases were female. The reported incidence rate of genital Ct infection increased from 3.16 per 100 000 in 2010 to 25.15 per 100 000 in 2019, with an average annual increasing rate of 25.92%( χ 2=836.86, P < 0.01 ). Increasing trends in the reported incidence were observed among males and females, females being higher than males in the year 2010 and 2012. The reported incidence rates increased annually in all age groups between 2010 and 2019, and the average annual rate of increase was highest in the group aged 15-19 years.@*Conclusion@#The reported rate of genital Ct infection showed an increasing trend among youth aged 15-24 years in Beijing, and increased rapidly among youth aged 15-24 years. More attention should be paid on sexual and reproductive health education among adolescents. Epidemic of genital Ct infection should be concerned, and its surveillance need to be improved.

19.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-20025791

RESUMO

BackgroundThere is no evidence supporting that temperature changes COVID-19 transmission. MethodsWe collected the cumulative number of confirmed cases of all cities and regions affected by COVID-19 in the world from January 20 to February 4, 2020, and calculated the daily means of the average, minimum and maximum temperatures in January. Then, restricted cubic spline function and generalized linear mixture model were used to analyze the relationships. ResultsThere were in total 24,139 confirmed cases in China and 26 overseas countries. In total, 16,480 cases (68.01%) were from Hubei Province. The lgN rose as the average temperature went up to a peak of 8.72{degrees}C and then slowly declined. The apexes of the minimum temperature and the maximum temperature were 6.70{degrees}C and 12.42{degrees}C respectively. The curves shared similar shapes. Under the circumstance of lower temperature, every 1{degrees}C increase in average, minimum and maximum temperatures led to an increase of the cumulative number of cases by 0.83, 0.82 and 0.83 respectively. In the single-factor model of the higher-temperature group, every 1{degrees}C increase in the minimum temperature led to a decrease of the cumulative number of cases by 0.86. ConclusionThe study found that, to certain extent, temperature could significant change COVID-19 transmission, and there might be a best temperature for the viral transmission, which may partly explain why it first broke out in Wuhan. It is suggested that countries and regions with a lower temperature in the world adopt the strictest control measures to prevent future reversal.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-787143

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to explore the neuroprotective role of imatinib in global ischemia-reperfusion-induced cerebral injury along with possible mechanisms. Global ischemia was induced in mice by bilateral carotid artery occlusion for 20 min, which was followed by reperfusion for 24 h by restoring the blood flow to the brain. The extent of cerebral injury was assessed after 24 h of global ischemia by measuring the locomotor activity (actophotometer test), motor coordination (inclined beam walking test), neurological severity score, learning and memory (object recognition test) and cerebral infarction (triphenyl tetrazolium chloride stain). Ischemia-reperfusion injury produced significant cerebral infarction, impaired the behavioral parameters and decreased the expression of connexin 43 and phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) in the brain. A single dose administration of imatinib (20 and 40 mg/kg) attenuated ischemia-reperfusion-induced behavioral deficits and the extent of cerebral infarction along with the restoration of connexin 43 and p-STAT3 levels. However, administration of AG490, a selective Janus-activated kinase 2 (JAK2)/STAT3 inhibitor, abolished the neuroprotective actions of imatinib and decreased the expression of connexin 43 and p-STAT3. It is concluded that imatinib has the potential of attenuating global ischemia-reperfusion-induced cerebral injury, which may be possibly attributed to activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway along with the increase in the expression of connexin 43.


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Encéfalo , Artérias Carótidas , Infarto Cerebral , Conexina 43 , Mesilato de Imatinib , Isquemia , Aprendizagem , Memória , Atividade Motora , Neuroproteção , Fosfotransferases , Reperfusão , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Transdutores , Caminhada
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