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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epigenetic age acceleration (EAA), a measure of accelerated biological aging, has been associated with increased risk of several age-related chronic conditions. This is the first study to prospectively examine the relationship between EAA and both multimorbidity count and a weighted multimorbidity score among long-lived postmenopausal women. METHODS: We included 1,951 women from the Women's Health Initiative who could have survived to age 90. EAA was estimated using the Horvath pan-tissue, Hannum, PhenoAge and GrimAge "clocks." Twelve chronic conditions were included in the multimorbidity count. The multimorbidity score was weighted for each morbidity's relationship with mortality in the study population. Using mixed-effects Poisson and linear regression models that included baseline covariates associated with both EAA and multimorbidity, we estimated relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the relationships between each EAA measure at study baseline with both multimorbidity count and weighted multimorbidity score at age 90, respectively. RESULTS: For every one-standard deviation increase in AgeAccelPheno, the rate of multimorbidity accumulation increased 6% (RR=1.06; 95% CI=1.01-1.12; p=0.025) and the multimorbidity score by 7% (RR=1.07; 95% CI=1.01-1.13; p=0.014) for women who survived to age 90. The results for a one-standard deviation increase in AgeAccelHorvath, AgeAccelHannum and AgeAccelGrim with multimorbidity accumulation and score were weaker compared to AgeAccelPheno, and the latter two did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: AgeAccelPheno and AgeAccelHannum may predict multimorbidity count and score at age 90 in older women and, thus, may be useful as a biomarker predictor of multimorbidity burden in the last decades of life.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945317

RESUMO

With the rapidly changing climate, assessing the global trends of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) attributed to high and low temperatures in different climate zones and under varying socio-demographic levels is crucial for regulations, preparation, intervention, and clinical practice for CVD. Our study included 204 countries with global CVD data ranging from 1990 to 2019. We obtained the age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR); disability-adjusted life rate of CVD attributed to high, low, and non-optimal temperatures; and socio-demographic index (SDI) data from the Global Health Data Exchange. We also downloaded the temperature data from the Climatic Research Unit. These 204 countries were divided into five climate zones and five SDI levels according to the annual average temperature data and SDI in 2019. The temporal trends of CVD burden attributed to high, low, and non-optimal temperatures were estimated by using the cubic regression spline and the generalized additive mixed model (GAMM). The total burden of temperature-related CVD has been declining in the last 30 years. However, the burden of CVD attributed to high temperature showed an increasing trend. Among different climate regions, the ASMRs of CVD attributed to high temperature were the highest in the tropical regions, followed by subtropical regions, and the lowest in the boreal regions. In the past 30 years, the burden of CVD attributed to high temperatures has shown a significant increasing trend, while declining trends are observed for non-optimal and low temperatures. The CVD burden attributed to high temperatures is particularly pronounced in warmer and low-SDI regions with an increasing trend of CVD burden due to high temperature.

3.
Brain ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943854

RESUMO

Cerebral white matter hyperintensities on MRI are markers of cerebral small vessel disease, a major risk factor for dementia and stroke. Despite the successful identification of multiple genetic variants associated with this highly heritable condition, its genetic architecture remains incompletely understood. More specifically, the role of DNA methylation has received little attention. We investigated the association between white matter hyperintensity burden and DNA methylation in blood at approximately 450,000 CpG sites in 9,732 middle-aged to older adults from 14 community-based studies. Single-CpG and region-based association analyses were carried out. Functional annotation and integrative cross-omics analyses were performed to identify novel genes underlying the relationship between DNA methylation and white matter hyperintensities. We identified 12 single-CpG and 46 region-based DNA methylation associations with white matter hyperintensity burden. Our top discovery single CpG, cg24202936 (P = 7.6 × 10-8), was associated with F2 expression in blood (P = 6.4 × 10-5), and colocalized with FOLH1 expression in brain (posterior probability =0.75). Our top differentially methylated regions were in PRMT1 and in CCDC144NL-AS1, which were also represented in single-CpG associations (cg17417856 and cg06809326, respectively). Through Mendelian randomization analyses cg06809326 was putatively associated with white matter hyperintensity burden (P = 0.03) and expression of CCDC144NL-AS1 possibly mediated this association. Differentially methylated region analysis, joint epigenetic association analysis, and multi-omics colocalization analysis consistently identified a role of DNA methylation near SH3PXD2A, a locus previously identified in genome-wide association studies of white matter hyperintensities. Gene set enrichment analyses revealed functions of the identified DNA methylation loci in the blood-brain barrier and in the immune response. Integrative cross-omics analysis identified 19 key regulatory genes in two networks related to extracellular matrix organization, and lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. A drug repositioning analysis indicated antihyperlipidemic agents, more specifically peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha, as possible target drugs for white matter hyperintensities. Our epigenome-wide association study and integrative cross-omics analyses implicate novel genes influencing white matter hyperintensity burden, which converged on pathways related to the immune response and to a compromised blood brain barrier possibly due to disrupted cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. The results also suggest that antihyperlipidemic therapy may contribute to lowering risk for white matter hyperintensities possibly through protection against blood brain barrier disruption.

5.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(7): e2223285, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35895062

RESUMO

Importance: Accelerated biological aging is associated with decreased physical capability and cognitive functioning, which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Objective: We investigated associations between epigenetic age acceleration (EAA), a biomarker associated with aging, and healthy longevity among older women. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study was a secondary analysis of participants in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) who were eligible to survive to age 90 years by September 30, 2020. Participants were located in multiple centers. This study was restricted to women with genome-wide DNA methylation data, generated from baseline blood samples within 3 WHI ancillary studies. Median (IQR) follow-up times from baseline were 21.6 (19.6-22.9) years and 21.4 (19.8-22.7) years for women who survived to age 90 years with and without intact mobility, respectively, and 13.2 (8.8-16.7) for women who did not survive to age 90 years. Data were analyzed from December 2020 to July 2021. Exposures: EAA was estimated using 4 established "clocks": Horvath pantissue, Hannum, Pheno, and Grim. Main Outcomes and Measures: Using multinomial logistic regression, odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs were estimated for 3 healthy longevity outcomes for each clock: survival to age 90 years with intact mobility, survival to age 90 years without intact mobility, and no survival to age 90 years. Results: Among 1813 women, there were 464 women (mean [SD] age at baseline, 71.6 [3.5] years) who survived to age 90 years with intact mobility and cognitive functioning, 420 women (mean [SD] age at baseline, 71.3 [3.2] years) who survived to age 90 years without intact mobility and cognitive functioning, and 929 women (mean [SD] age at baseline, 70.2 [3.4] years) who did not survive to age 90 years. Women who survived to age 90 years with intact mobility and cognitive function were healthier at baseline compared with women who survived without those outcomes or who did not survive to age 90 years (eg, 143 women [30.8%] vs 101 women [24.0%] and 202 women [21.7%] with 0 chronic conditions). The odds of surviving to age 90 years with intact mobility were lower for every 1 SD increase in EAA compared with those who did not survive to age 90 years as measured by AgeAccelHorvath (OR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.69-0.96; P = .01), AgeAccelHannum (OR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.56-0.80; P < .001), AgeAccelPheno (OR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.51-0.72; P < .001), and AgeAccelGrim (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.55-0.84; P < .001). ORs were similar for women who survived to age 90 years with intact mobility and cognitive function (eg, AgeAccelHorvath: OR per 1 SD increase in EAA, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.71-0.98; P = .03) compared with women who did not survive to age 90 years. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that EAA may be a valid biomarker associated with healthy longevity among older women and may be used for risk stratification and risk estimation of future functional and cognitive aging. Outcomes suggest that future studies may focus on the potential for public health interventions to counteract EAA and its association with poor health outcomes to lower disease burden while increasing longevity.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Epigênese Genética , Longevidade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/genética , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Epigênese Genética/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Longevidade/genética , Longevidade/fisiologia , Estados Unidos
6.
Clin Epigenetics ; 14(1): 85, 2022 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation-based GrimAge acceleration (GrimAA) is associated with a wide range of age-related health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. Since DNA methylation is modifiable by external and behavioral exposures, it is important to identify which of these exposures may have the strongest contributions to differences in GrimAA, to help guide potential intervention strategies. Here, we assessed the relative contributions of lifestyle- and health-related components, as well as their collective association, to GrimAA. RESULTS: We included 744 participants (391 men and 353 women) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study with blood DNA methylation information at CARDIA Exam Year (Y) 20 (2005-2006, mean age 45.9 years). Six cumulative exposures by Y20 were included in the analysis: total packs of cigarettes, total alcohol consumption, education years, healthy diet score, sleep hours, and physical activity. We used quantile-based g-computation (QGC) and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) methods to assess the relative contribution of each exposure to a single overall association with GrimAA. We also assessed the collective association of the six components combined with GrimAA. Smoking showed the greatest positive contribution to GrimAA, accounting for 83.5% of overall positive associations of the six exposures with GrimAA (QGC weight = 0.835). The posterior inclusion probability (PIP) of smoking also achieved the highest score of 1.0 from BKMR analysis. Healthy diet and education years showed inverse contributions to GrimAA. We observed a U-shaped pattern in the contribution of alcohol consumption to GrimAA. While smoking was the greatest contributor across sex and race subgroups, the relative contributions of other components varied by subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking, alcohol consumption, and education showed the highest contributions to GrimAA in our study. Higher amounts of smoking and alcohol consumption were likely to contribute to greater GrimAA, whereas achieved education was likely to contribute to lower GrimAA. Identifying pertinent lifestyle- and health-related exposures in a context of collective components can provide direction for intervention strategies and suggests which components should be the primary focus for promoting younger GrimAA.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Metilação de DNA , Envelhecimento , Teorema de Bayes , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
7.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 23(1): 296, 2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35879655

RESUMO

Mediation analysis plays a major role in identifying significant mediators in the pathway between environmental exposures and health outcomes. With advanced data collection technology for large-scale studies, there has been growing research interest in developing methodology for high-dimensional mediation analysis. In this paper we present HIMA2, an extension of the HIMA method (Zhang in Bioinformatics 32:3150-3154, 2016). First, the proposed HIMA2 reduces the dimension of mediators to a manageable level based on the sure independence screening (SIS) method (Fan in J R Stat Soc Ser B 70:849-911, 2008). Second, a de-biased Lasso procedure is implemented for estimating regression parameters. Third, we use a multiple-testing procedure to accurately control the false discovery rate (FDR) when testing high-dimensional mediation hypotheses. We demonstrate its practical performance using Monte Carlo simulation studies and apply our method to identify DNA methylation markers which mediate the pathway from smoking to reduced lung function in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Epigenoma , Simulação por Computador , Marcadores Genéticos , Análise de Mediação , Método de Monte Carlo
8.
Respir Med ; 200: 106896, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Epigenetic Smoking Status Estimator (EpiSmokEr) predicts smoking phenotypes based on DNA methylation at 121 CpG sites. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate associations of EpiSmokEr-predicted versus self-reported smoking phenotypes with lung function and all-cause mortality in a cohort of older adults. METHODS: The prospective Normative Aging Study collected DNA methylation measurements from 1999 to 2012 with follow-up through 2016. The R package EpiSmokEr derived predicted smoking phenotypes based on DNA methylation levels assayed by the Illumina HumanMethylation450 Beadchip. Spirometry was collected every 3-5 years. Airflow limitation was defined as forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity <0.7. Vital status was monitored through periodic mailings. RESULTS: Among 784 participants contributing 5414 person-years of follow-up, the EpiSmokEr-predicted smoking phenotypes matched the self-reported phenotypes for 228 (97%) never smokers and 22 (71%) current smokers. In contrast, EpiSmokEr classified 407 (79%) self-reported former smokers as never smokers. Nonetheless, the EpiSmokEr-predicted former smoking phenotype was more strongly associated with incident airflow limitation (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.50-6.59) and mortality (HR = 2.11, 95% CI = 1.56-2.85) compared to the self-reported former smoking phenotype (airflow limitation: HR = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.13-4.33; mortality: HR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.86-1.36). Risk of airflow limitation and death did not differ among self-reported never smokers and former smokers who were classified as never smokers. The discriminative accuracy of EpiSmokEr-predicted phenotypes for incident airflow limitation and mortality was improved compared to self-reported phenotypes. CONCLUSIONS: The DNA methylation-based EpiSmokEr classifier may be a useful surrogate of smoking-induced lung damage and may identify former smokers most at risk of adverse smoking-related health effects.


Assuntos
Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco , Metilação de DNA/genética , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Circulation ; 146(2): 94-109, 2022 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular health (CVH) from young adulthood is strongly associated with an individual's future risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality. Defining epigenomic biomarkers of lifelong CVH exposure and understanding their roles in CVD development may help develop preventive and therapeutic strategies for CVD. METHODS: In 1085 CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) participants, we defined a clinical cumulative CVH score that combines body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and fasting glucose measured longitudinally from young adulthood through middle age over 20 years (mean age, 25-45). Blood DNA methylation at >840 000 methylation markers was measured twice over 5 years (mean age, 40 and 45). Epigenome-wide association analyses on the cumulative CVH score were performed in CARDIA and compared in the FHS (Framingham Heart Study). We used penalized regression to build a methylation-based risk score to evaluate the risk of incident coronary artery calcification and clinical CVD events. RESULTS: We identified 45 methylation markers associated with cumulative CVH at false discovery rate <0.01 (P=4.7E-7-5.8E-17) in CARDIA and replicated in FHS. These associations were more pronounced with methylation measured at an older age. CPT1A, ABCG1, and SREBF1 appeared as the most prominent genes. The 45 methylation markers were mostly located in transcriptionally active chromatin and involved lipid metabolism, insulin secretion, and cytokine production pathways. Three methylation markers located in genes SARS1, SOCS3, and LINC-PINT statistically mediated 20.4% of the total effect between CVH and risk of incident coronary artery calcification. The methylation risk score added information and significantly (P=0.004) improved the discrimination capacity of coronary artery calcification status versus CVH score alone and showed association with risk of incident coronary artery calcification 5 to 10 years later independent of cumulative CVH score (odds ratio, 1.87; P=9.66E-09). The methylation risk score was also associated with incident clinical CVD in FHS (hazard ratio, 1.28; P=1.22E-05). CONCLUSIONS: Cumulative CVH from young adulthood contributes to midlife epigenetic programming over time. Our findings demonstrate the role of epigenetic markers in response to CVH changes and highlight the potential of epigenomic markers for precision CVD prevention, and earlier detection of subclinical CVD, as well.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Metilação de DNA , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
10.
Aging Cell ; 21(6): e13608, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546478

RESUMO

DNA methylation (DNAm) has been reported to be associated with many diseases and with mortality. We hypothesized that the integration of DNAm with clinical risk factors would improve mortality prediction. We performed an epigenome-wide association study of whole blood DNAm in relation to mortality in 15 cohorts (n = 15,013). During a mean follow-up of 10 years, there were 4314 deaths from all causes including 1235 cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths and 868 cancer deaths. Ancestry-stratified meta-analysis of all-cause mortality identified 163 CpGs in European ancestry (EA) and 17 in African ancestry (AA) participants at p < 1 × 10-7 , of which 41 (EA) and 16 (AA) were also associated with CVD death, and 15 (EA) and 9 (AA) with cancer death. We built DNAm-based prediction models for all-cause mortality that predicted mortality risk after adjusting for clinical risk factors. The mortality prediction model trained by integrating DNAm with clinical risk factors showed an improvement in prediction of cancer death with 5% increase in the C-index in a replication cohort, compared with the model including clinical risk factors alone. Mendelian randomization identified 15 putatively causal CpGs in relation to longevity, CVD, or cancer risk. For example, cg06885782 (in KCNQ4) was positively associated with risk for prostate cancer (Beta = 1.2, PMR  = 4.1 × 10-4 ) and negatively associated with longevity (Beta = -1.9, PMR  = 0.02). Pathway analysis revealed that genes associated with mortality-related CpGs are enriched for immune- and cancer-related pathways. We identified replicable DNAm signatures of mortality and demonstrated the potential utility of CpGs as informative biomarkers for prediction of mortality risk.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias , Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Epigênese Genética , Epigenômica , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/genética
11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 238: 113572, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533447

RESUMO

Cigarette smoke is a common global environmental pollutant. Asthma, the most frequent allergic airway disease, is related to maternal exposure to cigarette smoke. Our previous studies demonstrated that prenatal exposure to nicotine (PNE), the major active product of smoking, impairs fetal thymopoiesis and CD4+ T cell development after birth. This study aimed to investigate whether PNE contributes to asthma susceptibility through CD4+ T cell development alterations. First, A PNE model was established by administering 3 mg/kg/day nicotine to maternal mice, and then an ovalbumin-induced asthma model was established in the offspring. Further, ß-catenin and downstream pathways were inhibited in vitro to confirm the molecular mechanisms underlying the phenotype observed during the in vivo phase. The results showed that PNE induced Th2 and Th17 biases at developmental checkpoints and aggravated asthma symptoms in the offspring. In fetuses, PNE up-regulated α7 nAChR, activated PI3K-AKT, promoted ß-catenin level increase, and established potential Th2- and Th17-biased gene expression patterns during thymopoiesis, which persisted after birth. Similar results were also observed in 1 µM nicotine-treated thymocytes in vitro. Moreover, inhibiting PI3K-AKT by LY294002 abrogated nicotine-mediated ß-catenin level increase and thymopoiesis abnormalities, and an α7 nAChR antagonist (α-btx) also reversed nicotine-induced PI3K-AKT activation. Our findings provide strong evidence that PNE is a risk factor for T cell deviation and postnatal asthma, and revealed that nicotine-induced ß-catenin level increase induces thymopoiesis abnormalities.


Assuntos
Asma , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Nicotina/metabolismo , Nicotina/toxicidade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Vitaminas , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
12.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2432: 123-135, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505212

RESUMO

DNA methylation alterations have been widely studied as mediators of environmentally induced disease risks. With new advances in technique, epigenome-wide DNA methylation data (EWAS) have become the new standard for epigenetic studies in human populations. However, to date most epigenetic studies of mediation effects only involve selected (gene-specific) candidate methylation markers. There is an urgent need for appropriate analytical methods for EWAS mediation analysis. In this chapter, we provide an overview of recent advances on high-dimensional mediation analysis, with application to two DNA methylation data.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Análise de Mediação , Epigênese Genética , Epigenoma , Epigenômica/métodos , Humanos
13.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt C): 113360, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500859

RESUMO

Epigenetic mechanisms may underlie air pollution-health outcome associations. We estimated gaseous air pollutant-DNA methylation (DNAm) associations using twelve subpopulations within Women's Health Initiative (WHI) and Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohorts (n = 8397; mean age 61.3 years; 83% female; 46% African-American, 46% European-American, 8% Hispanic/Latino). We used geocoded participant address-specific mean ambient carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NO2; NOx), ozone (O3), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations estimated over the 2-, 7-, 28-, and 365-day periods before collection of blood samples used to generate Illumina 450 k array leukocyte DNAm measurements. We estimated methylome-wide, subpopulation- and race/ethnicity-stratified pollutant-DNAm associations in multi-level, linear mixed-effects models adjusted for sociodemographic, behavioral, meteorological, and technical covariates. We combined stratum-specific estimates in inverse variance-weighted meta-analyses and characterized significant associations (false discovery rate; FDR<0.05) at Cytosine-phosphate-Guanine (CpG) sites without among-strata heterogeneity (PCochran's Q > 0.05). We attempted replication in the Cooperative Health Research in Region of Augsburg (KORA) study and Normative Aging Study (NAS). We observed a -0.3 (95% CI: -0.4, -0.2) unit decrease in percent DNAm per interquartile range (IQR, 7.3 ppb) increase in 28-day mean NO2 concentration at cg01885635 (chromosome 3; regulatory region 290 bp upstream from ZNF621; FDR = 0.03). At intragenic sites cg21849932 (chromosome 20; LIME1; intron 3) and cg05353869 (chromosome 11; KLHL35; exon 2), we observed a -0.3 (95% CI: -0.4, -0.2) unit decrease (FDR = 0.04) and a 1.2 (95% CI: 0.7, 1.7) unit increase (FDR = 0.04), respectively, in percent DNAm per IQR (17.6 ppb) increase in 7-day mean ozone concentration. Results were not fully replicated in KORA and NAS. We identified three CpG sites potentially susceptible to gaseous air pollution-induced DNAm changes near genes relevant for cardiovascular and lung disease. Further harmonized investigations with a range of gaseous pollutants and averaging durations are needed to determine the effect of gaseous air pollutants on DNA methylation and ultimately gene expression.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/análise , Metilação de DNA , Epigenoma , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Ozônio/análise , Ozônio/toxicidade , Material Particulado/análise
14.
Fertil Steril ; 118(1): 125-133, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35610095

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether premenopausal reproductive age, as indicated by serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH), is associated with leukocyte aging biomarkers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort analysis. SETTING: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, a population-based study of Black and White adults from four US communities (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; Oakland, CA). PATIENT(S): Premenopausal women with serum AMH measures at examination year 15 as well as leukocyte aging markers. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Telomere length, mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) copy number, and intrinsic and extrinsic epigenetic age acceleration (EAA) at examination years 15, 20, and 25 as well as change between examination years. RESULT(S): Women were 40.2 (standard deviation, 3.7) years of age at examination year 15 when the AMH and initial measures of telomere length and mtDNA copy number (n = 386) were obtained and EAA occurred. After adjustment for chronological age, race, and smoking history, AMH quartile at examination year 15 was not associated with telomere length at examination years 15 and 25 or telomere length change between these years, mtDNA copy number at examination years 15 and 25 or change between these years, or intrinsic EAA at examination years 15 and 20 or change between these years. Women in the second AMH quartile had faster extrinsic EAA than women in the lowest AMH quartile (ß-coefficient, 1.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.20-3.49). CONCLUSION(S): In a population-based cohort, AMH did not have associations with leukocyte telomere length, mtDNA copy number, or intrinsic EAA.


Assuntos
Hormônio Antimülleriano , Vasos Coronários , Adolescente , Envelhecimento/genética , Biomarcadores , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Front Public Health ; 10: 834800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570901

RESUMO

Background: Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) is a serious public health burden in Nigeria, where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains highly prevalent. Previous research suggested that epigenetic age acceleration (EAA) could play a role in detection of HIV-associated ICC. However, little research has been conducted on this topic in Africa where the population is most severely affected by HIV-associated ICC. Here, we investigated the association between ICC and EAA using cervical tissues of ICC-diagnosed Nigerian women living with HIV. Methods: We included 116 cervical tissue samples from three groups of Nigerian women in this study: (1) HIV+/ICC+ (n = 39); (2) HIV+/ICC- (n = 53); and (3) HIV-/ICC + (n = 24). We utilized four DNA methylation-based EAA estimators; IEAA, EEAA, GrimAA, and PhenoAA. We compared EAA measurements across the 3 HIV/ICC groups using multiple linear regression models. We also compared EAA between 26 tumor tissues and their surrounding normal tissues using paired t-tests. We additionally performed a receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis to illustrate the area under the curve (AUC) of EAA in ICC. Results: We found the most striking associations between HIV/ICC status and PhenoAge acceleration (PhenoAA). Among HIV-positive women, PhenoAA was on average 13.4 years higher in women with ICC compared to cancer-free women (P = 0.005). PhenoAA was 20.7 and 7.1 years higher in tumor tissues compared to surrounding normal tissues among HIV-positive women (P = 0.009) and HIV-negative women (P = 0.284), respectively. We did not find substantial differences in PhenoAA between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women with ICC. Conclusion: PhenoAA is associated with ICC in HIV-infected women in our study. Our findings suggest that PhenoAA may serve as a potential biomarker for further risk stratification of HIV-associated ICC in Nigeria and similar resource-constrained settings.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Envelhecimento/genética , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
16.
Infect Agent Cancer ; 17(1): 10, 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35313941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-associated Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) in the pre-antiretroviral therapy (ART) population remains high in several countries in sub-Saharan Africa. We examined trends of KS prevalence in adults, establishing initial outpatient HIV care from 2006 to 2017 in Nigeria. METHODS: We analyzed data of 16,431 adults (age ≥ 18 years) enrolled for HIV care from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2017, in a large clinic in Jos, Nigeria. KS at enrollment was defined as KS recorded in the electronic health record within 30 days of clinic enrollment. Time trends were compared among four periods: 2006-2008, 2009-2011, 2012-2014, and 2015-2017 using logistic regression models. Annual trends were analyzed using join point regression and restricted splines. RESULTS: The study population had a mean age 35.1 (standard deviation, SD 9.5) years, and were 65.7% female (n = 10,788). The mean CD4 cell count was 220 (95% CI 117-223). The overall KS prevalence at entry was 0.59% (95% CI 0.48-0.72). Compared to 2006-2008, KS prevalence was significantly higher in 2009-2011 (adjusted odds ratio 5.07 (95% CI 3.12-8.24), p < 0.001), but remained unchanged in subsequent periods. Male sex and low CD4 T-cell count independently increased odds for KS. CONCLUSIONS: Despite ART expansion, KS at enrollment showed no significant decline. The low CD4 cell count, across all periods, indicates delay in enrollment for HIV care, which increases KS risk. Interventions aimed at early HIV diagnosis and linkage to ART is critical to KS risk reduction in this population.

17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(4): 1691-1712, 2022 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220276

RESUMO

The proportion of aging populations affected by dementia is increasing. There is an urgent need to identify biological aging markers in mid-life before symptoms of age-related dementia present for early intervention to delay the cognitive decline and the onset of dementia. In this cohort study involving 1,676 healthy participants (mean age 40) with up to 15 years of follow up, we evaluated the associations between cognitive function and two classes of novel biological aging markers: blood-based epigenetic aging and neuroimaging-based brain aging. Both accelerated epigenetic aging and brain aging were prospectively associated with worse cognitive outcomes. Specifically, every year faster epigenetic or brain aging was on average associated with 0.19-0.28 higher (worse) Stroop score, 0.04-0.05 lower (worse) RAVLT score, and 0.23-0.45 lower (worse) DSST (all false-discovery-rate-adjusted p <0.05). While epigenetic aging is a more stable biomarker with strong long-term predictive performance for cognitive function, brain aging biomarker may change more dynamically in temporal association with cognitive decline. The combined model using epigenetic and brain aging markers achieved the highest accuracy (AUC: 0.68, p<0.001) in predicting global cognitive function status. Accelerated epigenetic age and brain age at midlife may aid timely identification of individuals at risk for accelerated cognitive decline and promote the development of interventions to preserve optimal functioning across the lifespan.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Envelhecimento/genética , Biomarcadores , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Vasos Coronários , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neuroimagem
18.
Clin Epigenetics ; 14(1): 16, 2022 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35101102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GrimAge acceleration (GAA), an epigenetic marker that represents physiologic aging, is associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. However, the associations between early adulthood lipid levels and GAA in midlife are unknown. Also, it is unknown whether GAA mediates the associations between lipid levels in young adults and subclinical atherosclerosis in midlife. RESULTS: We estimated measures of epigenetic age acceleration in 1118 White and Black participants from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study at examination years (Y) 15 and 20. We used multivariable regression models to examine associations of Y15 and Y20 GAA estimates with plasma lipid levels measured at prior examination years (Y0, Y5, and Y10) and concurrently: triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Mediation analysis was used to assess the extent to which GAA may mediate associations between plasma lipids and coronary artery calcification (CAC). In our study each 1-SD higher cumulative TG level was associated with an average 0.73 ± 0.12 years older GAA. Each 1-SD higher cumulative HDL-C level was associated with an average 0.57 ± 0.17 years younger GAA. Stratified analyses showed that the associations between TG and GAA were stronger among female and Black participants and the associations between HDL-C and GAA were stronger among female and White participants. GAA statistically mediated 17.4% of the association of cumulative TG with CAC. CONCLUSIONS: High TG and low HDL-C in early adulthood are associated with accelerated epigenetic aging by midlife. Increased epigenetic age acceleration may partially mediate the associations between high TG levels and the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Lipídeos/análise , Adolescente , Adulto , Envelhecimento/genética , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Metilação de DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
19.
Epigenetics ; : 1-15, 2022 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35109748

RESUMO

Social epigenomics is an emerging field in which social scientist collaborate with computational biologists, especially epigeneticists, to address the underlying pathway for biological embedding of life experiences. This social epigenomics study included long-term childhood cancer survivors enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort. DNA methylation (DNAm) data were generated using the Illumina EPIC BeadChip, and three social determinants of health (SDOH) factors were assessed: self-reported educational attainment, personal income, and an area deprivation index based on census track data. An epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) was performed to evaluate the relation between DNAm at each 5'-cytosine-phosphate-guanine-3' (CpG) site and each SDOH factor based on multivariable linear regression models stratified by ancestry (European ancestry, n = 1,618; African ancestry, n = 258). EWAS among survivors of European ancestry identified 130 epigenome-wide significant SDOH-CpG associations (P < 9 × 10-8), 25 of which were validated in survivors of African ancestry (P < 0.05). Thirteen CpGs were associated with all three SDOH factors and resided at pleiotropic loci in cigarette smoking-related genes (e.g., CLDND1 and CPOX). After accounting for smoking and body mass index, these associations remained significant with attenuated effect sizes. Seven of 13 CpGs were associated with gene expression level based on 57 subsamples with blood RNA sequencing data available. In conclusion, DNAm signatures, many resembling the effect of tobacco use, were associated with SDOH factors among survivors of childhood cancer, thereby suggesting that biologically distal SDOH factors influence health behaviours or related factors, the epigenome, and subsequently survivors' health.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35106576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies found associations between pulmonary function (PF) and cognition, but these are limited by mostly cross-sectional design and a single measure of PF (typically FEV1). Our objective was to prospectively analyze the association of repeatedly measured PF with cognition. METHODS: We studied 3,499 participants in The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults cohort with cognition measured at year 25 (Y25) and Y30, and PF (FEV1 and FVC, reflecting better PF) measured up to six times from Y0-Y20. Cognition was measured via Stroop test, Rey-Auditory Verbal Learning Test [RAVLT], and Digit Symbol Substitution Test [DSST] which capture executive function, verbal learning and memory, and attention and psychomotor speed respectively; lower Stroop, and higher RAVLT and DSST scores indicate better cognition. We modeled linear, cross-sectional associations between cognition and PF at Y30 (mean age 55), and mixed models to examine associations between cognition at Y25-Y30 and longitudinal PF (both annual rate of change, and cumulative PF from Y0-Y20). RESULTS: At Y30 FEV1 and FVC were cross-sectionally associated with all three measures of cognition (ß= 0.08-0.12, p<0.01-0.02). Annual change from peak FEV1/FVC ratio was associated with Stroop and DSST (ß=18.06, 95% CI=7.71-28.40; ß=10.30, 95% CI=0.26-20.34, respectively) but not RAVLT. Cumulative FEV1 and FVC were associated with Stroop and DSST (ß= 0.07-0.12, p<0.01-0.02), but only cumulative FEV1 was associated with RAVLT (ß=0.07, 95% CI=0.00-0.14). CONCLUSIONS: We identified prospective associations between measures of PF and cognition even at middle ages, adding evidence of a prospective association between reduced PF and cognitive decline.

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