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1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to validate the prognostic implication of uncertain resection, R(un), proposed by International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) and evaluate the prognostic value of spread through air spaces (STAS) in reclassifying the R classification among patients with lung adenocarcinoma after segmentectomy. METHODS: We enrolled 1007 patients who underwent segmentectomy for c-stage IA lung adenocarcinoma between 2014 and 2017. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared to evaluate the prognostic value of IASLC-R(un) and STAS. Whether STAS would skip into complementary lobectomy was evaluated in a prospective cohort. RESULTS: The current IASLC-R(un) failed to significantly stratify the RFS (P = .078) in segmentectomy, and STAS was a stronger risk factor of poor prognosis for both RFS and OS (P < .001). Moreover, the presence of STAS was associated with increased locoregional recurrence in patients undergoing segmentectomy (P < .001) but not in those treated with lobectomy (P = .187), indicating that only STAS-positive segmentectomy was consistent with the concept of R(un) in relapse pattern. After reclassifying STAS-positive segmentectomy into the R(un) category, the proposed R(un) showed an improvement in prognosis stratification. In addition, 2 of 30 patients (6.2%) in the prospective cohort who underwent initial segmentectomy and complementary lobectomy had STAS clusters in the complementary lobectomy specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Unfavorable prognosis, relapse patterns consistent with R(un), and pathologic verification that saltatory spread of STAS observed in complementary lobectomy specimens supported reclassifying STAS-positive segmentectomy as R(un). STAS is a critical concern for the surgical completeness evaluation after segmentectomy.

2.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(1): 126-135, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC), an uncommon subtype within non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), manifests distinctive traits of aggressiveness, embodying a fusion of both adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) components. The clinicopathological characteristics of distinct subtypes of ASC remain unclear. METHODS: This retrospective study included 226 patients diagnosed with lung ASC who consecutively underwent surgical resection at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University, between January 2015 and March 2021. Data regarding the clinical features and pathological features were collected. RESULTS: Out of this study cohort, 125 patients exhibited AC-predominant ASC, while 81 had SCC-predominant ASC. No significant differences were observed between the two subgroups in terms of age, gender, smoking history, primary site, and T, N classification. AC-Predominant ASC displayed a higher susceptibility to genetic alterations compared to SCC-Predominant ASC (P=0.02). Additionally, we showed that irrespective of the predominant pathological subtype in ASC, when lymph node metastasis occurred, the lymph node biopsies were more likely to exhibit AC, and a chi-square test confirmed that the primary predominant pathological subtype was not associated with the lymph node metastasis subtype. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we describe an overview of ASC in the Chinese population, and upon stratifying into predominant pathological subgroups, we observed a higher frequency of driver gene mutations in AC-predominant ASC. We found that the AC component in ASC has a higher propensity for lymph node metastasis. These findings may suggest the predominant role of the AC component within the context of ASC.

3.
Lung Cancer ; 189: 107472, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Lepidic Component (LP) identifies a subgroup with an excellent prognosis for lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Our research aimed to propose an improved pathological T (pT) stage for LUAD based on LP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally, 3335 surgical patients with pathological stage I LUAD were incorporated. Factors affecting survival were investigated by analyzing recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analyses. Subgroup analysis based on Lepidic Ratio (LR) was further evaluated. The net benefit from the modified pT category (pTm) was assessed using the Area Under the time-dependent Receiver Operating Curve (AUC), Harrell's Concordance Index (C-index), Reclassification Improvement (NRI), and Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI). RESULTS: The presence of LP (LP+) was identified in 1425 (42.7 %) patients, indicating a significantly better RFS (P < 0.001) and OS (P < 0.001) than those without LP, and similar results were reproduced in pT1a-pT2a subcategory (P < 0.050 for all). Multivariable Cox analysis revealed LP+ as an independent prognostic factor for both RFS (HR, 0.622; P < 0.001) and OS (HR, 0.710; P = 0.019). However, lepidic ratio (LR) was not independently associated with both RFS and OS for LP+ patients. The 5-year RFS and OS rates between T1a (LP-) and T1b (LP+), T1b (LP-) and T1c (LP+), and T1b (LP-) and T2a (LP+) were comparable (P > 0.050 for all). After modification, compared with current 8th edition pT stage system (pT8), pTm independently predicted RFS and OS, and AUCs, c-index, NRI, and IDI analysis all demonstrated pTm holds better discrimination performances than pT8 for LUAD prognosis. CONCLUSION: LP can be an additional down-staged T descriptor for pathological stage I LUAD and improve the survival predictive performance of reclassification.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Área Sob a Curva
5.
Cell ; 187(1): 184-203.e28, 2024 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181741

RESUMO

We performed comprehensive proteogenomic characterization of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) using paired tumors and adjacent lung tissues from 112 treatment-naive patients who underwent surgical resection. Integrated multi-omics analysis illustrated cancer biology downstream of genetic aberrations and highlighted oncogenic roles of FAT1 mutation, RB1 deletion, and chromosome 5q loss. Two prognostic biomarkers, HMGB3 and CASP10, were identified. Overexpression of HMGB3 promoted SCLC cell migration via transcriptional regulation of cell junction-related genes. Immune landscape characterization revealed an association between ZFHX3 mutation and high immune infiltration and underscored a potential immunosuppressive role of elevated DNA damage response activity via inhibition of the cGAS-STING pathway. Multi-omics clustering identified four subtypes with subtype-specific therapeutic vulnerabilities. Cell line and patient-derived xenograft-based drug tests validated the specific therapeutic responses predicted by multi-omics subtyping. This study provides a valuable resource as well as insights to better understand SCLC biology and improve clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteogenômica , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Humanos , Linhagem Celular , Neoplasias Pulmonares/química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/química , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética , Xenoenxertos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise
6.
J Clin Pathol ; 77(5): 324-329, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697219

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the clinicopathological features, molecular characteristics and diagnostic criteria of primary salivary duct carcinoma of the lung (LSDC). METHODS: We analysed the clinicopathological and molecular features of five cases of LSDC retrieved from the archives of Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from 2020 to 2022, and reviewed the relevant literature. RESULTS: All patients were men, with an average age of 66 years (age range: 49-79 years), and all lesions were central masses with a mean maximum diameter of 42.6 mm (range: 16-70 mm). Morphologically, LSDC comprised of intraductal and invasive components. Both the intraductal and invasive components of LSDC can exhibit papillary, micropapillary, cribriform, tubule structures and solid proliferation. The intraductal component can exhibit Roman bridge structures, which were usually accompanied by central comedo-like necrosis. Immunohistochemically, LSDCs consistently expressed cytokeratin (CK)7 (5 of 5) and showed variable positivity of androgen receptor (AR) (5 of 5) focally or diffusely; additionally, the tumour cells expressed human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) (3+, n=3; 2+, n=2), GATA-binding protein 3 (3 of 5), and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (1 of 5), and all of which were negative for thyroid transcription factor-1, napsin A, p40, CK5/6 and p63. The residual basal/myoepithelial cells surrounding the in situ carcinoma expressed p40, CK5/6 and p63. TP53 mutation and HER2 gene amplification (3 of 5) were the most frequent genetic alterations in LSDC. All patients who underwent surgical lobectomies were alive without recurrence or metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: LSDC is a highly rare malignant tumour. The distinctive architecture of in situ carcinoma and tumour cells expressing AR can provide diagnostic indications for LSDC.

7.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 65(1)2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38001033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Limited data exist on the characteristics of atypical epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in early-stage lung cancer. Our goal was to elucidate the associations with outcomes and recurrence patterns in resected stage I lung adenocarcinoma harbouring atypical EGFR mutations. METHODS: Eligible patients between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively identified and grouped into exon20 insertion mutations and major atypical mutations, which included G719X, L861Q and S768I. Disease-free survival (DFS) was evaluated in the entire cohort and stratified by radiologic characteristics. Recurrence patterns were investigated and compared between groups. A competing risk model was used to estimate the cumulative incidence of recurrence. RESULTS: A total of 710 patients were finally included. Among them, 289 (40.7%) patients had exon 20 insertion mutations and 421 (59.3%) patients had major atypical mutations. There was no significant difference regarding DFS (P = 0.142) between groups in the entire cohort. The interaction between mutation subtype and the presence of ground-glass opacities was significant (hazard ratio 2.00, 95% confidence interval 1.59-2.51, P < 0.001), indicating DFS between exon 20 insertion mutations and major atypical mutations may be different among subsolid and solid tumours. Survival analysis consistently revealed no significant difference in subsolid tumours (P = 0.680), but favourable DFS of exon 20 insertion mutations in solid tumours (P = 0.037). Furthermore, patients with exon 20 insertion mutations had a lower risk of developing bone metastases did those with radiologic solid tumours (Gray's test, P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Exon 20 insertion mutations were correlated with favourable DFS and lower incidence of bone metastases in radiologic solid lung adenocarcinomas harbouring atypical EGFR mutations.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Receptores ErbB/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Mutação
8.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 4(10): 100574, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37822700

RESUMO

Introduction: To validate the residual tumor (R) classification proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) in NSCLC after sleeve lobectomy. Methods: A total of 682 patients were analyzed. The R status, on the basis of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) criteria, was recategorized according to the IASLC descriptors. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) among different R classifications were assessed for the entire cohort and pathologic node (pN) subgroups. Results: All in all, 631 (92.5%), 48 (7.1%), and three patients (0.4%) were classified as R0, R1, and R2, respectively, by the UICC criteria, whereas 489 (71.7%), 110 (16.1%), and 83 patients (12.2%), received R0, uncertain resection (R[un]), and R1/2 resection, respectively, according to the IASLC criteria. There were 96 patients (15.2%) with UICC R0 who were reclassified as R(un), mainly because of the positive highest mediastinal node station (82 of 96, 85.4%). A total of 46 patients (7.3%) were reassigned from UICC R0 to IASLC R1/2 owing to extracapsular extension. For the entire cohort, patients with R(un) and R1/2 exhibited worse RFS (R[un], adjusted p = 0.023; R1/2, adjusted p = 0.001) and OS (R[un], adjusted p = 0.040; R1/2, adjusted p = 0.051) compared with R0. No significant differences were observed between R(un) and R1/2 (RFS, adjusted p = 0.586; OS, adjusted p = 0.781). Furthermore, subgroup analysis revealed a distinct prognostic impact of the IASLC R status-with prognostic significances in the pN1 and pN2 subgroups, but not in the pN0 subgroup. Conclusions: The IASLC R descriptors helped to stratify the prognosis of NSCLC after sleeve lobectomy, with its prognostic impact varied among pN stages.

9.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 4(9): 100556, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37654895

RESUMO

Introduction: Neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy has recently been the standard of care for resectable locally advanced NSCLC. Factors affecting the neoadjuvant immunotherapy efficacy, however, remain elusive. Metabolites have been found to modulate immunity and associate with immunotherapeutic efficacy in advanced tumors. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the impact of plasma metabolites on the pathologic response after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy. Methods: Patients with stage IIIA (N2) NSCLC who underwent neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy in a prospective phase 2 clinical trial (NCT04422392) were enrolled. Metabolomic profiling of the plasma before treatment was performed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. A Lewis lung carcinoma mouse model was further used to investigate the underlying mechanisms. Proteomics and multiplexed immunofluorescence of the mice tumor were performed. Results: A total of 39 patients who underwent three cycles of anti-programmed cell death-protein 1 (anti-PD-1) (sintilimab) and chemotherapy were included. The level of acetaminophen (APAP) was found to be significantly elevated in patients who did not achieve major pathologic response. The level of APAP remained an independent predictor for major pathologic response in multivariate logistic analysis. In the Lewis lung carcinoma mouse model, combination of APAP and anti-PD-1 treatment significantly reduced the treatment efficacy compared with anti-PD-1 treatment alone. Proteomics of the tumor revealed that myeloid leukocyte activation and neutrophil activation pathways were enriched after APAP treatment. Tumor microenvironment featuring analysis also revealed that the combination treatment group was characterized with more abundant neutrophil signature. Further multiplexed immunofluorescence confirmed that more neutrophil extracellular trap formation was observed in the combination treatment group. Conclusions: APAP could impair neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy efficacy in patients with NSCLC by promoting neutrophil activation and neutrophil extracellular trap formation.

10.
Eur Radiol ; 33(12): 8564-8572, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37464112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The performance of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the prediction of ypN2 disease in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy has not been reported. This multicenter study investigated the utility of PET/CT to assess ypN2 disease in these patients. METHODS: A total of 181 consecutive patients (chemoimmunotherapy = 86, chemotherapy = 95) at four institutions were enrolled in this study. Every patient received a PET/CT scan prior to surgery and complete resection with systematic nodal dissection. The diagnostic performance was evaluated through area under the curve (AUC). Kaplan-Meier method and Cox analysis were performed to identify the risk factors affecting recurrences. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of PET/CT for ypN2 diseases were 0.667, 0.835, and 0.779, respectively. Therefore, the AUC was 0.751. Compared with the false positive cases, the mean value of max standardized uptake value (SUVmax) (6.024 vs. 2.672, p < 0.001) of N2 nodes was significantly higher in true positive patients. Moreover, the SUVmax of true positive (7.671 vs. 5.976, p = 0.365) and false (2.433 vs. 2.339, p = 0.990) positive cases were similar between chemoimmunotherapy and chemotherapy, respectively. Survival analysis proved that pathologic N (ypN) 2 patients could be stratified by PET/CT-N2(+ vs. -) for both chemoimmunotherapy (p = 0.023) and chemotherapy (p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: PET/CT is an accurate and non-invasive test for mediastinal restaging of NSCLC patients who receive neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy. The ypN2 patients with PET/CT-N2( +) are identified as an independent prognostic factor compared with PET/CT-N2(-). CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: Imaging with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) plays an integral role during disease diagnosis, staging, and therapeutic response assessments in patients with NSCLC. PET/CT could be an effective non-invasive tool for predicting ypN2 diseases after neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy. KEY POINTS: • PET/CT could serve as an effective non-invasive tool for predicting ypN2 diseases. • The ypN2 patients with PET/CT-N2( +) were a strong and independent prognostic factor. • The application of PET/CT for restaging should be encouraged in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Linfadenopatia , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfadenopatia/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
11.
Br J Cancer ; 129(2): 366-373, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37179440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large cell lung carcinoma (LCLC) is an exceptionally aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. At present, little is known about the molecular pathology of LCLC. METHODS: Ultra-deep sequencing of cancer-related genes and exome sequencing were used to detect the LCLC mutational in 118 tumor-normal pairs. The cell function test was employed to confirm the potential carcinogenic mutation of PI3K pathway. RESULTS: The mutation pattern is determined by the predominance of A > C mutations. Genes with a significant non-silent mutation frequency (FDR) < 0.05) include TP53 (47.5%), EGFR (13.6%) and PTEN (12.1%). Moreover, PI3K signaling (including EGFR, FGRG4, ITGA1, ITGA5, and ITGA2B) is the most mutated pathway, influencing 61.9% (73/118) of the LCLC samples. The cell function test confirmed that the potential carcinogenic mutation of PI3K pathway had a more malignant cell function phenotype. Multivariate analysis further revealed that patients with the PI3K signaling pathway mutations have a poor prognosis (P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: These results initially identified frequent mutation of PI3K signaling pathways in LCLC and indicate potential targets for the treatment of this fatal type of LCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Grandes , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Exoma/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Mutação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Pulmão
12.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 4(3): 100465, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36895916

RESUMO

Introduction: The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer proposed a novel grading system of invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma (IPA), but the application of this grading system and its genotypic characterization in the real diagnostic scenario has never been reported. Methods: We prospectively collected and analyzed the clinicopathological and genotypic features of a cohort of 9353 consecutive patients with resected IPA, including 7134 patients with detection of common driver mutation. Results: In the entire cohort, 3 (0.3%) of lepidic, 1207 (19.0%) of acinar, and 126 (23.6%) of papillary predominant IPAs were diagnosed as grade 3. In chronological order, an evident downtrend of the proportion of grade 2 was observed in chronological order. Conversely, the diagnostic ratio of grade 1 (8.0%-14.5%) and grade 3 (27.9%-32.3%) experienced a gradual rise. EGFR mutation was more frequently detected in grade 2 (77.5%) and grade 1 (69.7%) IPA than grade 3 (53.7%, p < 0.001), whereas the mutation rates of KRAS, BRAF, ALK, and ROS1 were higher in grade 3 IPA. More importantly, the rate of EGFR mutation gradually fell as the proportion of high-grade components increased, to 24.3% in IPA with more than 90% high-grade components. Conclusions: The grading system for IPA could be applied to stratify patients with different clinicopathological and genotypic features in a real diagnostic scenario.

13.
Histopathology ; 83(2): 178-192, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36864007

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Herein we describe a series of rare peripheral pulmonary neoplasms temporarily termed "peripheral type squamous cell neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (PSCN-UMP)" and investigate their relationship to bronchiolar adenoma (BA) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The histologic and immunohistochemical features of 10 PSCN-UMPs and six BAs were compared. Whole exome sequencing (WES) and bioinformatics analysis were performed to further compare the genetic features of PSCN-UMPs, BAs, and NSCLCs. RESULTS: All PSCN-UMPs were peripherally located and histologically characterised by the lepidic, nested, and papillary proliferation of relatively bland squamous cells, accompanied by entrapped hyperplastic reactive pneumocytes. The basal squamous cells coexpressed TTF1 and squamous markers. Both cellular components exhibited bland morphology and a low proliferative activity. The six BAs met the morphologic and immunophenotypic features of proximal-type BA. Genetically, driver mutations, including frequent EGFR exon 20 insertions, were found in PSCN-UMPs, while the KRAS mutation, BRAF mutation, and ERC1::RET fusion were detected in BAs. PSCN-UMPs also shared some alterations with BAs in mutational signatures, while copy number variants (CNV) were enriched in MET and NKX2-1 in PSCN-UMP and MCL1, MECOM, SGK1, and PRKAR1A in BA. CONCLUSION: PSCN-UMPs exhibited the proliferation of bland squamous cells accompanied by entrapped pneumocytes and frequent EGFR exon 20 insertions, which showed distinct features from BAs and SCCs. Recognition of this specific entity will help to expand the morphologic and molecular spectrum of peripheral lung squamous neoplasms.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Mutação , Adenoma/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Éxons
14.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 15: 17588359221148028, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643658

RESUMO

Background: Grading system for resected invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) was validated as a strong prognostic indicator. Nonetheless, the efficacy of utilizing such grading system in prognostic assessment of patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy still needs elucidating. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted including patients with resected adenocarcinoma following neoadjuvant chemotherapy or targeted therapy from August 2012 to December 2020 in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital. All the surgical specimens were re-evaluated and graded. The prognostic value of the grading system was further validated. Results: Ultimately, a total of 198 patients were enrolled in this study, and subdivided into three cohorts according to the grading system. There were 13 (6.6%), 37 (18.7%), and 148 (74.7%) patients belonging to Grades 1, 2, and 3, respectively. IASLC grading system demonstrated significant power in prognosis differentiation of the entire cohort [recurrence-free survival (RFS), p < 0.001; overall survival (OS), p < 0.001] and the neoadjuvant chemotherapy and targeted therapy cohorts separately, and was further verified as a significant prognostic indicator for RFS and OS in multivariable Cox analysis. Since the majority of the patients (84.8%) did not achieve major pathologic response (MPR), representing a wide spectrum of survival, the prognostic value of grading system in non-MPR cohort was further evaluated. Similar results were also obtained that IASLC grading system was assessed significant in univariable analysis of RFS (p < 0.001) and univariable analysis of OS (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The prognostic efficacy of pathological evaluation of the residual proportion of pulmonary adenocarcinoma post-neoadjuvant therapy using IASLC grading system was preliminarily verified. Such grading system might assist prognostic evaluation of neoadjuvant cohort other than traditional pathological parameters.

15.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 149(8): 5301-5308, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36416957

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Tumor spread through air space (STAS) is a novel pattern of invasion related to poor prognosis in non-small cell cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, little is known about the role of STAS in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). We sought to determine whether STAS has a significant effect on recurrence among SCLC patients. METHODS: We collected clinical and follow-up information from 181 resected stage I-III SCLC patients and compared overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) between the patients with or without STAS using the Kaplan‒Meier method. To explore the effect of STAS on recurrence, a competing-risk analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Among 181 SCLC patients, STAS was observed in 56 (30.94%) patients, and 125 (69.06%) patients did not have STAS. Furthermore, 33 (18.23%) patients had recurrence, including 12 patients with brain metastases. Patients with STAS had worse DFS. The cumulative incidence of any recurrence was higher in patients with STAS than in those without STAS. Univariate and multivariate competing-risk regression analyses revealed that sublobar resection and STAS were independent risk factors for SCLC recurrence (p = 0.009 and p = 0.029 for multivariate analysis, respectively). CONCLUSION: SCLC patients with STAS have worse DFS than SCLC patients without STAS. STAS is an independent prognostic factor in SCLC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Humanos , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Análise Multivariada , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Histopathology ; 82(5): 691-703, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579364

RESUMO

AIMS: For non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy, the major pathological response (MPR) is defined as the percentage of residual viable tumour cells (%RVT) in the tumour bed of no more than 10%. It has been proposed as a predictor of survival in neoadjuvant therapy-treated cohorts. Nonetheless, the significance of %RVT in the pathological assessment of lung adenocarcinoma cohorts remains undetermined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 152 lung adenocarcinoma patients were included in this retrospective study, among whom 67 received neoadjuvant targeted therapy and 85 received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Clinicopathological characteristics, neoadjuvant treatment response and survival status were investigated. The routinely adopted standard for MPR (%RVT ≤ 10%) failed to differentiate prognosis in the lung adenocarcinoma population. For the neoadjuvant chemotherapy cohort, the optimal %RVT cut-off value of RFS was 60%. However, this cut-off value was clinically insignificant in the neoadjuvant targeted-therapy cohort. Hence, for these patients, we built a nomogram model including high-grade patterns and ypN stage to predict disease recurrence, demonstrating high efficacy (a bootstrap-corrected C-index of 0.731). CONCLUSIONS: %RVT served as a strong indicator of the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy but not neoadjuvant targeted therapy. Residual high-grade pathological patterns might substitute MPR in prognostic evaluation of lung adenocarcinoma post-targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 31(2): 175-183, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35758404

RESUMO

Visceral pleural invasion (VPI) is a critical component in the staging of peripheral non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). We aim to investigate whether dual-block elastic stain increases visceral pleural invasion positivity compared with single-block elastic stain. We further analyze the potential predictors of visceral pleural invasion. 8419 peripheral NSCLC patients (including 6008 patients with tumor size≤3 cm in stage I) were divided into a cohort using one paraffin block (single-block group, n = 5184) and a cohort using dual paraffin blocks (dual-block group, n = 3235) for elastic stain. The VPI-positive rate demonstrated by the dual-block elastic stains group was significantly higher than that of the single-block elastic stain group (17.7% (573/3235) versus 9.1% (474/5184), respectively, P < .001). The presence of visceral pleural invasion in T1 (≤3 cm) patients detected by single- and dual-block elastic stain was 6.3% (235/3730) and 12.0% (273/2278), respectively (P < .001). 5.7% of T1 patients (stage IA) were additionally upstaged to T2a (stage IB) by dual-block elastic stain. However, the incidence of visceral pleural invasion in pT2a patients showed no significant difference between the single-block group and the dual-block group (16.8% vs. 17.1%, P = .916). Lymphovascular invasion, lymph node metastasis, dedifferentiated carcinomas, the presence of spread through airspaces (STAS) and a poorly differentiated adenocarcinomatous growth pattern could be significant predictors of visceral pleural invasion (P < .001). Our results indicate that using dual-block elastic stain identifies more visceral pleural invasion positive T1 NSCLC patients who are upstaged to T2a, and who could benefit from optimal management post-operatively. The application of dual-block elastic stain is an efficient and practical method to detect visceral pleural invasion status.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Corantes , Relevância Clínica , Parafina , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico
18.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 72(3): 783-794, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory biomarkers in the peripheral blood have been established as predictors for immunotherapeutic efficacy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Whether they can also predict major pathological response (MPR) in neoadjuvant setting remains unclear. METHODS: In this multi-center retrospective study, 122 and 92 stage I-IIIB NSCLC patients from six hospitals who received neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy followed by surgery were included in the discovery and external validation cohort, respectively. Baseline and on-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived NLR (dNLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) were calculated and associated with MPR. Furthermore, resected tumor samples from 37 patients were collected for RNA-sequencing to investigate the immune-related tumor microenvironment. RESULTS: In both the discovery and validation cohorts, the on-treatment NLR, dNLR, PLR, and SII levels were significantly lower in the patients with MPR versus non-MPR. On-treatment SII remained an independent predictor of MPR in multivariate logistic regression analysis. The area under the curve (AUC) of on-treatment SII for predicting MPR was 0.75 (95%CI, 0.67-0.84) in the discovery cohort. Moreover, the predictive value was further improved by combining the on-treatment SII and radiological tumor regression data, demonstrating an AUC of 0.82 (95%CI, 0.74-0.90). The predictive accuracy was validated in the external cohort. Compared with the SII-high group, patients with SII-Low were associated with the activated B cell receptor signaling pathway and a higher intratumoral immune cell infiltration level. CONCLUSIONS: On-treatment SII was independently associated with MPR in NSCLC patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy. Further prospective studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Biomarcadores , Inflamação , Neutrófilos/patologia , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 31(1): 17-25, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36165833

RESUMO

Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is characterized by biphasic tumors with epithelial and mesenchymal phenotype. Little is known about the correlation between histologic, immunophenotypic features and the genetic profile of PSC. We analyzed the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related markers, adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma lineage-specific markers of 205 PSC cases. The alteration of 5 targeted genes was detected by amplification-refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction. The intensity of cytokeratin staining was stronger in epithelial carcinoma (EC) than that of the sarcomatoid component (SC) of pleomorphic carcinoma, while vimentin was positive in only 16.3% (17/104) of EC of pleomorphic carcinoma. There is no significant difference between thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) expression in the SC (46.5%, 33/71) of pleomorphic carcinoma with ADC components and pure PSC (44.2%, 42/95) without p40 expression ( P =0.858). Four cases with ALK rearrangement were confirmed to co-express ALK fusion protein in both the SC and EC. The incidence of EGFR/ALK/KRAS mutation was similar between pleomorphic carcinoma with ADC components (40.6%, 26/64) and TTF-1 + pure PSC (38.2%, 13/34) ( P =0.583). However, higher proportions of TTF-1 + /p40 - PSC patients (44.8%, 39/87) had EGFR/ALK/KRAS mutation than those with TTF-1 - /p40 - PSC (16.7%, 4/24) ( P =0.031). The incidence of EGFR mutation was significantly higher in TTF-1-positive (18.4%, 16/87) than TTF-1-negative (2.7%, 2/74) PSC ( P =0.002). No EGFR and ALK abnormality were observed in 24 pleomorphic carcinoma cases with squamous cell carcinoma components or pure PSC with p40 expression. Our study reveals a close correlation between SC and EC components of pleomorphic carcinoma in terms of immunophenotypic and genetic features, which suggests that pleomorphic carcinoma is potentially derived from the sarcomatoid change of EC cells undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Humanos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética
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