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1.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 36(2): 112-120, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38236127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs) in the Netherlands have been allowed to perform the role of coordinating practitioner (CP) since 2018. This role is reserved for mental health care specialists who are trained and qualified at the master's degree level. Earlier studies have not addressed how PMHNPs perform that role and what mechanisms and contextual factors determine their performance. This understanding could help optimize their performance in this role and promote effective deployment of PMHNPs in mental health care. PURPOSE: To understand how PMHNPs perform this role and what mechanisms and contextual factors underlie that performance. METHODOLOGY: A multiple case study involving PMHNPs who work in various settings as CPs. Data were collected and analyzed using the realistic evaluation approach. RESULTS: We identified four mechanisms related to the performance of PMHNPs in the role of CP: (1) autonomous performance; (2) unique expertise; (3) accessibility, availability, and professional involvement; and (4) additional roles. The extent to which these mechanisms are present is largely determined by organizational factors, team factors, and individual factors. CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioners are seeking to identify and interpret the role of CP. This study helps to elucidate the mechanism of role performance by PMHNPs and what they should focus on to deliver effective and patient-centered mental health care. IMPLICATIONS: Policymakers, health care professionals, and educators should consider the mechanisms and contextual factors to facilitate and support PMHNPs' employment and training in the role of CP.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Países Baixos , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação
2.
Aging Ment Health ; 23(4): 491-497, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29356572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research has shown that some 30% of total care needs in people with late-life depression (LLD) are unmet. It is not known to what extent patients actually don't receive any care for these needs or consider the care to be insufficient and their satisfaction with the provided care. AIM: The aim of this study is to obtain insight into the care provided in relation to the reported unmet care needs and satisfaction with the total care provided is examined. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 99 people with LLD in an ambulatory setting. RESULTS: In 67% of patients, at least one unmet need was ascertained. In most cases (80%) care was actually provided for those needs by professionals and/or informal caregivers. Patients were satisfied with the care delivered for 81% of the reported care needs. Satisfaction was lowest for social care needs (67%). For six specific care needs it was demonstrated that dissatisfied patients were significantly more depressed than satisfied patients. CONCLUSION: Even though patients might receive care for certain needs, this does not mean that their needs are met. A substantial proportion of patients with LDD feel that they need additional help for unmet needs.


Assuntos
Depressão/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Satisfação do Paciente , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes Ambulatoriais
3.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 32(6): 657-663, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27198491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test the interrelation of the naturalistic course of depression in older people with long-term support received. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: A sample of 277 adults age 55-85 years participating in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, with clinically relevant depressive symptoms at baseline (scores ≥16 on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) were followed up over a period of 13 years. General estimating equations were used to examine the relation between depression course and emotional/instrumental support received over time. In addition, partner status, gender, and age were tested as modifiers. RESULTS: A 2-way interaction between depression courses types and time showed significant differences in instrumental support received over time in older people with a late-life depression. Three-way interactions showed that associations between depression course and support variables were modified by gender and partner status. CONCLUSION: Both men and singles, with a chronic course of depression may be at risk to lose emotional and instrumental support over time. Professional attention is needed to prevent a chronic course of late-life depression, and to preserve personal social networks. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Apoio Social , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
4.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 1010-7, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24615822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This work aims to gain insight into the long-term impact of depression course on social network size and perceived loneliness in older people living in the community. METHODS: Within a large representative sample of older people in the community (Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA)), participants with clinically relevant levels of depressive symptoms (scores >16 on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) were followed up over a period of 13 years of the LASA study (five waves). General estimating equations were used to estimate the impact of depression course on network size and loneliness and the interaction with gender and age. RESULTS: An unfavorable course of depression was found to be associated with smaller network sizes and higher levels of loneliness over time, especially in men and older participants. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study stress the importance of clinical attention to the negative consequences of chronicity in depressed older people. Clinicians should assess possible erosion of the social network over time and be aware of increased feelings of loneliness in this patient group.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Solidão , Apoio Social , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
5.
J Pain ; 15(5): 457-67, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24365324

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Studies about clinical pain in schizophrenia are rare. Conclusions on pain sensitivity in people with schizophrenia are primarily based on experimental pain studies. This review attempts to assess clinical pain, that is, everyday pain without experimental manipulation, in people with schizophrenia. PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase.com, and Cochrane were searched with terms related to schizophrenia and pain. Methodological quality was assessed with the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Fourteen studies were included. Persons with schizophrenia appear to have a diminished prevalence of pain, as well as a lower intensity of pain when compared to persons with other psychiatric diseases. When compared to healthy controls, both prevalence and intensity of pain appear to be diminished for persons with schizophrenia. However, it was found that this effect only applies to pain with an apparent medical cause, such as headache after lumbar puncture. For less severe situations, prevalence and intensity of pain appears to be comparable between people with schizophrenia and controls. Possible underlying mechanisms are discussed. Knowledge about pain in schizophrenia is important for adequate pain treatment in clinical practice. PERSPECTIVE: This review presents a valuable insight into clinical pain in people with schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Dor/fisiopatologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Dor/epidemiologia , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
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