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1.
Biomed Opt Express ; 15(6): 3889-3899, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867785

RESUMO

This study investigates the impact of differential artery-vein (AV) analysis in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) on machine learning classification of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Leveraging deep learning for arterial-venous area (AVA) segmentation, six quantitative features, including perfusion intensity density (PID), blood vessel density (BVD), vessel area flux (VAF), blood vessel caliber (BVC), blood vessel tortuosity (BVT), and vessel perimeter index (VPI) features, were derived from OCTA images before and after AV differentiation. A support vector machine (SVM) classifier was utilized to assess both binary and multiclass classifications of control, diabetic patients without DR (NoDR), mild DR, moderate DR, and severe DR groups. Initially, one-region features, i.e., quantitative features extracted from the entire OCTA, were evaluated for DR classification. Differential AV analysis improved classification accuracies from 78.86% to 87.63% and from 79.62% to 85.66% for binary and multiclass classifications, respectively. Additionally, three-region features derived from the entire image, parafovea, and perifovea, were incorporated for DR classification. Differential AV analysis further enhanced classification accuracies from 84.43% to 93.33% and from 83.40% to 89.25% for binary and multiclass classifications, respectively. These findings highlight the potential of differential AV analysis in augmenting disease diagnosis and treatment assessment using OCTA.

2.
Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To identify genotypes associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and investigate the associations between genotype variations and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment response. METHODS: This observational, retrospective, case series study enrolled patients diagnosed with nAMD who received anti-VEGF treatment in National Taiwan University Hospital with at least one-year follow-up between 2012 and 2020. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted on enrolled patients and controls. Correlations between the genotypes identified from GWAS and the treatment response of functional/anatomical biomarkers, including visual acuity (VA), presence of intraretinal or subretinal fluid (SRF), serous or fibrovascular pigmented epithelium detachment (PED), and disruption of the ellipsoid zone (EZ), were analysed. RESULTS: In total, 182 patients with nAMD and 1748 controls were enrolled. GWAS revealed 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as risk loci for nAMD, including seven loci in CFH and ARMS2/HTRA1 and nine novel loci, including rs117517872 and rs79835234(COPB2-DT), rs7525578(RAP1A), rs2123738(LOC105376755), rs1374879(CNTN3), rs3812692(SAR1A), rs117501587(PRKCA), rs9965945(CNDP1), and rs189769231(MATK). Our study revealed rs800292(CFH), rs11200638(HTRA1), and rs2123738(LOC105376755) correlated with poor treatment response in VA (P = 0.005), SRF (P = 0.044), and fibrovascular PED (P = 0.007), respectively. Rs9965945(CNDP1) was correlated with poor response in disruption of EZ (P = 0.046) and serous PED (P = 0.049). CONCLUSIONS: Among the 16 SNPs found in the GWAS, four loci-CFH, ARMS2/HTRA1, and two novel loci-were correlated with the susceptibility of nAMD and anatomical/functional responses after anti-VEGF treatment.

3.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 13(5): 23, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38809531

RESUMO

Purpose: To develop convolutional neural network (CNN)-based models for predicting the axial length (AL) using color fundus photography (CFP) and explore associated clinical and structural characteristics. Methods: This study enrolled 1105 fundus images from 467 participants with ALs ranging from 19.91 to 32.59 mm, obtained at National Taiwan University Hospital between 2020 and 2021. The AL measurements obtained from a scanning laser interferometer served as the gold standard. The accuracy of prediction was compared among CNN-based models with different inputs, including CFP, age, and/or sex. Heatmaps were interpreted by integrated gradients. Results: Using age, sex, and CFP as input, the mean ± standard deviation absolute error (MAE) for AL prediction by the model was 0.771 ± 0.128 mm, outperforming models that used age and sex alone (1.263 ± 0.115 mm; P < 0.001) and CFP alone (0.831 ± 0.216 mm; P = 0.016) by 39.0% and 7.31%, respectively. The removal of relatively poor-quality CFPs resulted in a slight MAE reduction to 0.759 ± 0.120 mm without statistical significance (P = 0.24). The inclusion of age and CFP improved prediction accuracy by 5.59% (P = 0.043), while adding sex had no significant improvement (P = 0.41). The optic disc and temporal peripapillary area were highlighted as the focused areas on the heatmaps. Conclusions: Deep learning-based prediction of AL using CFP was fairly accurate and enhanced by age inclusion. The optic disc and temporal peripapillary area may contain crucial structural information for AL prediction in CFP. Translational Relevance: This study might aid AL assessments and the understanding of the morphologic characteristics of the fundus related to AL.


Assuntos
Comprimento Axial do Olho , Redes Neurais de Computação , Fotografação , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Fotografação/métodos , Idoso , Comprimento Axial do Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Fundo de Olho , Adulto Jovem , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12023, 2024 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797771

RESUMO

To study the clinical characteristics of macula off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) with peripheral causative breaks and concomitant macular hole (RRD+MH). This is a bi-center study. Consecutive eyes of macula off RRD with or without macular hole (MH) were collected. Eyes in these two groups were compared with best corrected visual acuity in logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (logMAR BCVA), the presence of choroidal detachment (CD), proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and the extent of RRD. In the group of RRD+MH, regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of clinical factors and final logMar BCVA. In addition, optical coherence tomography was performed both pre-and post-operatively if possible. There were 40 eyes in the RRD+MH group and 80 eyes in the control group. Eyes with RRD+MH had worse initial and final logMar BCVA (p < 0.001), higher incidence of CD (p < 0.001), PVR and extensive RRD at baseline (p < 0.001). Among the eyes with RRD+MH, final BCVA was correlated with initial BCVA (p < 0.001, CI 0.637 to 0.837), recurrent RRD (p = 0.004, CI - 0.661 to - 0.126), duration of RRD (p = 0.021, CI - 0.576 to - 0.048) and presence of PVR (p = 0.001, CI - 0.131 to - 0.035). The hole closure rate at final follow up is 87.5%.11 of the 17 eyes had preoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) obtained had ellipsoid zone lining the bottom of MH. CD, PVR and extensive RRD were more commonly observed in RRD+MH. The morphology of MH may suggest the pathogenesis of MH in RRD+MH include mechanism different from that of idiopathic MH.


Assuntos
Descolamento Retiniano , Perfurações Retinianas , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Acuidade Visual , Humanos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Perfurações Retinianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Perfurações Retinianas/patologia , Descolamento Retiniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Descolamento Retiniano/patologia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(5)2024 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473008

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the characteristic choroidal changes in patients with diabetic retinopathy and identify factors affecting choroidal thickness (CTh), choroidal vascular index (CVI), and choriocapillaris flow. We retrospectively analyzed 79 eyes of 48 patients with diabetes between August 2021 and February 2022. We collected laboratory data, including HbA1c, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. Optical coherence tomography images of the foveal avascular zone, retinal vascular density, choroidal flow, retinal thickness, CTh, and CVI were analyzed. Possible determining factors affecting CTh, CVI, and choriocapillaris flow were analyzed using nonparametric multivariate analysis. LDL (p < 0.001) positively correlated with CTh, whereas CVI (p = 0.007) was negatively correlated with CTh in diabetic patients with diabetes. We also identified a negative correlation between choriocapillaris flow and deep parafoveal retinal vessel density in patients with low-grade diabetic retinopathy (DR), which diminished in those with more advanced DR. Our study provides further information on the changes in choroidal structure and blood flow in patients with diabetes.

6.
Jpn J Ophthalmol ; 68(1): 12-18, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38001367

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Vitreomacular traction (VMT) has unique presentations in eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR). This study aimed to investigate the characteristics and clinical course of VMT in DR. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series. METHODS: Thirty eyes from 30 patients with DR and concurrent VMT were retrospectively enrolled. Baseline and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics were reported. Linear regression models were used to analyze the correlating factors for visual outcome. RESULTS: Of the 30 eyes, a thickened posterior hyaloid membrane was noted in all cases and multi-layered traction from different directions in 14 eyes (46.7%). Twenty-one eyes (70%) had tractional macular retinoschisis, seven (23.3%) had foveal detachment, five (16.7%) had a lamellar macular hole, and three (10%) had a full-thickness macular hole, including two with macular hole retinal detachment. Three eyes had spontaneous release of the VMT within 3 months of observation. For the remaining 27 eyes receiving operations, the VMT, full-thickness macular hole, and serous foveal detachment all resolved postoperatively with residual macular schisis in 6 eyes (22.2%) only. None of the baseline OCT characteristics were associated with postoperative BCVA (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: VMT in DR had a thickened posterior hyaloid, and many of them had multi-layered traction and/or concurrent macular retinoschisis. Lamellar macular hole, full-thickness macular hole, or concurrent retinal detachment may also occur. Spontaneous resolution of VMT rarely occurred, and those who underwent operation for VMT had improved vision and macular structures with resolution of the macular hole and retinal detachment.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Descolamento Retiniano , Perfurações Retinianas , Retinosquise , Descolamento do Vítreo , Humanos , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Perfurações Retinianas/diagnóstico , Perfurações Retinianas/etiologia , Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Descolamento do Vítreo/diagnóstico , Descolamento do Vítreo/etiologia , Descolamento Retiniano/complicações , Retinosquise/diagnóstico , Retinosquise/etiologia , Retinosquise/cirurgia , Tração , Transtornos da Visão , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
7.
Retina ; 44(4): 627-634, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064680

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to describe the structural changes and surgical outcomes of full-thickness macular holes (FTMHs) induced by vitreomacular traction with broad vitreomacular attachment (VMA). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of idiopathic FTMHs from October 2010 to May 2022 was conducted. Patients with FTMHs and no retinal detachment (RD) induced by broad VMA (the study group) were compared with a control group consisting of typical FTMHs with focal VMA. RESULTS: Thirty-one eyes had broad VMA-associated FTMH, among which seven eyes (22%) were with concurrent RD. Among the total of 24 cases without RD, 8 (33%) exhibited schisis. The incidence of lamellar holes associated epithelial proliferation and multiple membrane traction was significantly higher in the study group. One hundred percent FTMH closure was observed postoperatively in both groups. Although the postoperative visual acuity was not significantly different, the study group showed a greater ellipsoid zone disruption length. CONCLUSION: Broad VMA-induced FTMHs are characterized by diverse macular structural changes, including schisis and macular detachment. These FTMHs are associated with a higher incidence of lamellar holes associated epithelial proliferation and multiple membrane traction. Surgical outcomes for FTMHs induced by broad VMA are similar to those induced by typical focal VMA, with both groups demonstrating a 100% hole-closure rate.


Assuntos
Descolamento Retiniano , Perfurações Retinianas , Humanos , Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Retina , Descolamento Retiniano/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 123(4): 467-477, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37858375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the associations between development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and regular use of aspirin or non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NA-NSAIDs). METHODS: We retrospectively recruited individuals who received ≥28-day prescriptions of aspirin or NA-NSAIDs exclusively between 2008 and 2017 in one tertiary center as regular users. Non-regular users were free from regular use of any anti-inflammatory drugs and were matched to regular users in terms of age, sex, and visit date at a ratio of 1-4:1. The aspirin cohort included 36,771 regular users and 110,808 matched non-regular users, while the NA-NSAID cohort included 59,569 regular users and 179,732 matched non-regular users. Stratified multivariate Cox regression analyses with adjustment for systemic confounding factors were performed for the development of AMD and neovascular AMD. RESULTS: In the aspirin cohort, the adjusted hazard ratios of aspirin use for AMD in the whole cohort, individuals without cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), and those with CVDs were 0.664, 0.618, and 0.702, respectively (P < 0.0001 for all), while those of aspirin use for neovascular AMD were 0.486, 0.313, and 0.584 (P < 0.05 for all), respectively. In the NA-NSAID cohort, regular use of NA-NSAIDs was associated with a decreased risk of AMD (hazard ratio = 0.823, P < 0.0001) and neovascular AMD (hazard ratio = 0.720, P = 0.040) only in people without arthritis. CONCLUSIONS: Regular use of aspirin or NA-NSAIDs had protective effects on AMD and neovascular AMD. The effect of aspirin was observed in all patients, while the effect of NA-NSAIDs was observed only in people without arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inibidores da Angiogênese , Acuidade Visual , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa/induzido quimicamente , Degeneração Macular Exsudativa/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Artrite/induzido quimicamente , Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
9.
Ophthalmol Ther ; 13(1): 1-19, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37934385

RESUMO

Clinical practices on acute post-operative and endogenous endophthalmitis (EnE) are highly variable among clinicians due to a lack of up-to-date, high-quality evidential support. An expert consensus is thus much needed. A panel consisting of ten retinal specialists in Taiwan was organized. They evaluated relevant literature and developed key questions regarding acute post-operative and EnE that are cardinal for practice but yet to have conclusive evidence. The panel then attempted to reach consensus on all the key questions accordingly. There were eight key questions proposed and their respective consensus statements were summarized as follows: Gram staining and culture are still the standard procedures for the diagnosis of endophthalmitis. Vitrectomy is recommended to be performed earlier than the timing proposed by the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study (EVS). Routine intracameral antibiotic injection for post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis prophylaxis is not recommended because of potential compounding error hazards and a lack of support from high-quality studies. Routine fundus examination is recommended for all patients with pyogenic liver abscess. In EnE, vitrectomy is recommended if diffused and dense vitritis is present, or if the disease progresses. These consensus statements may work as handy guidance or reference for clinical practices of acute post-operative and EnE.

10.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 87(1): 25-32, 2024 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37815297

RESUMO

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is a significant cause of vision loss and requires appropriate surgical intervention. There are several approaches available, including observation, laser demarcation, pneumatic retinopexy, scleral buckling, and pars plana vitrectomy, which are chosen based on patient condition, surgeon experience, and national health insurance policies. Despite the various options, there is still no consensus on the optimal intervention. To address this, the Taiwan Retina Society assembled an expert committee with 11 experienced retina specialists to review the current evidence and develop a guideline with seven recommendations for managing RRD patients. Additionally, a survey was conducted with six questions to assess treatment patterns in Taiwan, which included input from the expert committee and an open poll at the 2023 Congress of the Taiwan Retina Society. This report provides a comprehensive summary of the current knowledge and expert consensus on the treatment of RRD, discussing the characteristics of current approaches and providing an overview of current treatment patterns in Taiwan. These findings aim to provide ophthalmologists with the best possible treatment for RRD.


Assuntos
Descolamento Retiniano , Humanos , Consenso , Retina , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Descolamento Retiniano/etiologia , Taiwan , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitrectomia
11.
Ophthalmol Ther ; 13(1): 385-396, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37995014

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the real-world efficacy of aflibercept using the treat-and-extend (TnE) regimen in treating neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), and to analyze biomarkers using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to predict treatment outcomes. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with nAMD or PCV who received an intravitreal injection of aflibercept following the TnE regimen for ≥ 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. Data on best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), number of injections, treatment interval, and OCT biomarkers, including central macular thickness, presence of subretinal fluid (SRF), and serous pigmented epithelial detachment, were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the first injection. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients were enrolled in this study, 24 of whom were diagnosed with nAMD and 19 with PCV. The BCVA in logMAR (mean ± standard deviation) improved from 0.75 ± 0.41 (baseline) to 0.60 ± 0.41 (P = 0.002) at 3 months after treatment initiation, and further improved to 0.66 ± 0.46 at 24 months (P = 0.137). The number of injections (mean ± standard deviation) within the 2-year treatment course was 10.95 ± 3.65. At month 24 of the TnE regimen, the treatment interval was extended to ≥ 16 weeks in 60.5% of all cases and to 78.9% of the PCV cases. After three loading injections, persistent subretinal fluid and intraretinal fluid were predictive of more frequent injections (P = 0.026) and poorer visual outcomes (P = 0.050), respectively. CONCLUSION: Aflibercept combined with a TnE regimen was effective in treating nAMD and PCV in a real-world setting. The treatment interval could be extended to ≥ 16 weeks in 60.5% of the cases after a 2-year treatment regimen. OCT can be used to predict the treatment course and visual outcomes.

12.
IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst ; 18(2): 288-298, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37812555

RESUMO

A second-order voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO)-based continuous-time sigma-delta modulator (CTSDM) for current-sensing readout applications is proposed. Current signals from the sensor can directly be quantized by the proposed VCO-based CTSDM, which does not require any extra trans-impedance amplifiers. With the proportional-integral (PI) structure and a VCO phase integrator, the capability of second-order noise shaping is available to reduce the in-band quantization noise. The PI structure can be simply realized by a resistor in series with the integrating capacitor, which can reduce the architecture complexity and maintain the stability of the system. The current-steering digital-to-analog converter with tail and sink current sources is used on the feedback path for the subtraction of the current-type input signal. All the components of the circuit are scaling friendly and applicable to current-sensing readout applications in the Internet of Things (IoT). The proposed VCO-based CTSDM implemented in a 0.18-µm standard CMOS process has a measured signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SNDR) of 74.6 dB at 10 kHz bandwidth and consumes 44.8 µw only under a supply voltage of 1.2 V, which can achieve a Figure-of-Merit (FoM) of 160.76 dB.


Assuntos
Amplificadores Eletrônicos , Eletricidade , Conversão Análogo-Digital , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Retroalimentação
13.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 72(Suppl 1): S37-S41, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38131540

RESUMO

AIMS: To measure the foveal pit morphology parameters and evaluate their correlations with age and sex. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional matched comparison study in a tertiary center. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty men and 40 age-matched women who had normal macular structures and foveal contours were enrolled. Foveal pit parameters including top width, base width, nasal width, temporal width, minimal thickness, nasal thickness, temporal thickness, nasal height, temporal height, nasal slope, and temporal slope were measured on horizontal B-scan macular optical coherence tomography and compared between men and women. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Paired t-tests and Pearson's correlation analysis. RESULTS: The average patient age was 51.4 ± 17.5 (21-84) years. Women had a wider base width (313.1 ± 68.0 µm vs 266.8 ± 70.9 µm, P = 0.006), wider temporal width (1043.1 ± 245.6 µm vs 968.9 ± 261.0 µm, P = 0.006), thinner nasal thickness (345.6 ± 36.2 µm vs 359.7 ± 35.8 µm, P = 0.048), and flatter temporal slope (11.60 ± 2.52° vs 12.98 ± 2.68°, P = 0.016) than men. With age, the base width (r = 0.35, P = 0.025) and temporal width (r = 0.54, P = 0.0003) tended to be wider and the temporal slope was flatter (r = -0.45, P = 0.003) in women but not men. The minimal thickness tended to be thinner in the elderly group (r = 0.038, P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Women had a significantly wider base width, wider temporal width, thinner nasal thickness, and flatter temporal slope of the foveal pit than age-matched men. The base width and temporal width were wider and the temporal slope was flatter with age in women but not men.


Assuntos
Fóvea Central , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
14.
Autism Res ; 16(12): 2316-2325, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38050765

RESUMO

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often exhibit joint hypermobility and connective tissue disorders. However, it remains unclear if ASD individuals also have structural alterations in the connective tissue of the cornea. This study aims to determine whether the Kobayashi structure (K-structure) characteristics differ between adults with ASD and typically developing controls (TDC) and explore the clinical correlates of the K-structure abnormality. We recruited 30 ASD adults and 35 TDC. Corneal structures, particularly the K-structure in the Bowman's layer, of the participants were examined using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM), and a K-grading ranging from 1 to 4 was given to each eye based on the level of morphological mosaicism. The ASD participants' eyes received a significantly higher single-eye K-grading than that of the TDC eyes (p < 0.001), and the medians [25th, 75th percentile] of bilateral-eye summed K-grading were 8 [7, 8] and 5 [4, 6] in ASD and TDC, respectively (p < 0.001). A significantly higher K-grading in the ASD participants' eyes was still observed after adjusting for the within-subject inter-eye correlation (p < 0.001). Youden Index showed the optimal cutoffs to differentiate ASD from TDC by bilateral-eye summed K-grading and single-eye K-grading was >6 and >3, respectively. Additionally, a higher K-grading was associated with fewer visual sensation seeking in ASD (Spearman's correlation coefficient ρ = -0.518, p = 0.008) and low visual registration (i.e., higher sensory threshold) in TDC (ρ = 0.446, p = 0.023). This study provided novel evidence of corneal structural alterations in ASD by IVCM. Our findings may not only support the prior hypothesis of the association between ASD and connective tissue abnormalities but also shed light on the relationship between connective tissue disorder and neurodevelopmental disorders.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento , Adulto , Humanos , Córnea , Projetos de Pesquisa , Microscopia Confocal
16.
Ophthalmol Ther ; 12(6): 2977-2988, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37589931

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To investigate the longitudinal changes in renal function and associated factors after intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) administration in diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: A total of 108 patients who had received intravitreal ranibizumab or aflibercept for DME and had follow-up visits for at least 2 years in one hospital were retrospectively enrolled. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at baseline and during the follow-up period and receipt of any renal replacement therapy were recorded. Linear regression and Cox regression models were used to evaluate factors associated with eGFR decline and renal replacement therapy. RESULTS: After intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment, eGFR showed a mean decline of -10.4 ± 23.2% and -16.5 ± 26.4% at months 12 and 24, respectively. Patients in the eGFR > 120 mL/min and 15-30 mL/min groups had the greatest decline (-32.0 ± 20.6% and -37.4 ± 30.9%, respectively) while those in the 61-90 mL/min group had the smallest decline (-4.3 ± 19.7%) in eGFR after the 2-year treatment. One out of 52 patients (1.9%) receiving ranibizumab and five out of 56 patients (8.9%) receiving aflibercept started hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis within the 2-year follow-up period (P = 0.21). Baseline eGFR correlated with renal replacement therapy after intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment (hazard ratio = 0.879 per increase of 1 in eGFR, P = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: In DME patients receiving intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment, a persistent decline in eGFR was observed during the 2-year treatment course. Patients with extremely high or low eGFR had greater eGFR decline, and those with poor baseline eGFR tended to require dialysis after intravitreal anti-VEGF treatment.

18.
Mikrochim Acta ; 190(6): 246, 2023 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37256373

RESUMO

Two-dimensional metal-organic framework (MOF) composites were produced by incorporating Fe-MOFs into reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets to form Fe-MOF/rGO composites by hydrothermal synthesis. SEM, TEM, XRD, XPS, and measurements of contact angles were used to characterize the composites. TEM studies revealed that the rod-like-shaped Fe-MOFs were extensively dispersed on the rGO sheets. Incorporating Fe-MOF into rGO significantly improves performance due to the large surface area, chemical stability, and high electrical conductivity. The response signals for the electrochemical sensing performance of Fe-MOF/rGO-modified electrodes to nitrofurazone (NFZ) were significantly enhanced. Differential pulse voltammetry was used to detect the NFZ, and the MOF/rGO sensor possesses a lower detection limit (0.77µM) with two dynamic ranges from 0.6-60 to 128-499.3 µM and high sensitivity (1.909 µA·mM-1·cm-2). Moreover, the anti-interference properties of the sensor were quite reproducible and stable. To understand the mechanism responsible for the enhanced sensing performance of the composite, grand canonical Monte Carlo calculations were performed for Fe-MOF/rGO composites with five unit cells of Fe-MOF and four layers of rGO. We attributed the improvement to the fact that the interface between the Fe-MOF and rGO absorbed increased NFZ molecules. The findings reported herein confirm that such Fe-MOF/rGO composites have significantly improved electrochemical performance and practical applicability of sensing nitrofurazone.

19.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 23(1): 200, 2023 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37147577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To demonstrate the associations between the morphology of macular retinal vasculature and disease severity of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM). METHODS: Macular structures were assessed using optical coherence tomography (OCT), and were classified as "with pseudohole" or "without pseudohole". The 3 × 3 mm macular OCT angiography images were analyzed using the Fiji software to obtain the vessel density, skeleton density, average vessel diameter, vessel tortuosity, fractal dimension, and foveal avascular zone (FAZ)-related parameters. The correlations between these parameters and ERM grading as well as visual acuity were analyzed. RESULTS: For ERM with or without a pseudohole, increased average vessel diameter, decreased skeleton density, and decreased vessel tortuosity were all associated with inner retinal folding and thickened inner nuclear layer, indicating more severe ERM. In 191 eyes without a pseudohole, the average vessel diameter increased, fractal dimension decreased and vessel tortuosity decreased with increasing ERM severity. The FAZ was not associated with ERM severity. Decreased skeleton density (r = -0.37), vessel tortuosity (r = -0.35), and increased average vessel diameter (r = 0.42) were correlated with worse visual acuity (All P < 0.001). In 58 eyes with pseudoholes, a larger FAZ was associated with a smaller average vessel diameter (r = -0.43, P = 0.015), higher skeleton density (r = 0.49, P < 0.001), and vessel tortuosity (r = 0.32, P = 0.015). However, none of the retinal vasculature parameters correlated with visual acuity and central foveal thickness. CONCLUSION: Increased average vessel diameter, decreased skeleton density, decreased fractal dimension and decreased vessel tortuosity were good indicators of ERM severity and associated visual impairment.


Assuntos
Membrana Epirretiniana , Macula Lutea , Humanos , Membrana Epirretiniana/diagnóstico , Fóvea Central/irrigação sanguínea , Vasos Retinianos , Macula Lutea/irrigação sanguínea , Retina , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos
20.
Ophthalmol Ther ; 12(3): 1693-1710, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37004698

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To investigate changes in the vitreoretinal interface after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment in highly myopic eyes. METHODS: Eyes with myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV) treated with intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF in a single-center were retrospectively reviewed. Fundus abnormalities and features of optical computed tomography were studied. RESULTS: A total of 295 eyes from 254 patients were recruited to the study. Prevalence of myopic macular retinoschisis (MRS) was 25.4%, and the rates of progression and onset of MRS were 75.9% and 16.2%, respectively. Outer retinal schisis (ß = 8.586, p = 0.003) and lamellar macular hole (LMH) (ß = 5.015, p = 0.043) at baseline were identified risk factors for progression and onset of MRS, whereas male sex (ß = 9.000, p = 0.039) and outer retinal schisis at baseline (ß = 5.250, p = 0.010) were risk factors for MRS progression. Progression of MRS was first detected in outer retinal layers in 48.3% of eyes. Thirteen eyes required surgical intervention. Spontaneous improvements of MRS were observed in five eyes (6.3%). CONCLUSION: Changes in the vitreoretinal interface, such as progression, onset, and improvement of MRS, were observed after anti-VEGF treatment. Outer retinal schisis and LMH were risk factors of progression and onset of MRS after anti-VEGF treatment. Intravitreal injection of ranibizumab and retinal hemorrhage were protective factors for surgical intervention for vision-threatening MRS.

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