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1.
Dev Cell ; 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823394

RESUMO

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can differentiate into all cell types of the embryonic germ layers. ESCs can also generate totipotent 2C-like cells and trophectodermal cells. However, these latter transitions occur at low frequency due to epigenetic barriers, the nature of which is not fully understood. Here, we show that treating mouse ESCs with sodium butyrate (NaB) increases the population of 2C-like cells and enables direct reprogramming of ESCs into trophoblast stem cells (TSCs) without a transition through a 2C-like state. Mechanistically, NaB inhibits histone deacetylase activities in the LSD1-HDAC1/2 corepressor complex. This increases acetylation levels in the regulatory regions of both 2C- and TSC-specific genes, promoting their expression. In addition, NaB-treated cells acquire the capacity to generate blastocyst-like structures that can develop beyond the implantation stage in vitro and form deciduae in vivo. These results identify how epigenetics restrict the totipotent and trophectoderm fate in mouse ESCs.

2.
Am J Hypertens ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to explore the association between a healthy lifestyle and abnormal ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in Chinese youths. METHODS: A school-based sample of 1,296 college students was investigated. A lifestyle score was calculated by synthesizing five lifestyle factors, including smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity, and sleeping. The total score ranged from 0 to 5, with a higher score indicating a healthier lifestyle. This score was then divided into three categories representing low adherence to a healthy lifestyle (0-2), medium adherence (3), and high adherence (4-5). Abnormal 24-hour blood pressure (BP) was defined as systolic BP (SBP) ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic BP (DBP) ≥ 80 mmHg. Abnormal daytime BP was determined as daytime SBP ≥ 135 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 85 mmHg, while abnormal nighttime BP was characterized as nighttime SBP ≥ 120 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 70 mmHg. We assessed the associations using the binomial regression model. RESULTS: Mean age was 18.81 years, and 74.5% were women. The prevalence of abnormal 24-hour BP, daytime BP, and nighttime BP are 4.2%, 3.7%, and 9.0%, respectively. We found that participants with high level of adherence to a healthy lifestyle had a significantly lower prevalence of abnormal 24-hour BP [prevalence ratios (PR) = 0.15, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.48] and abnormal daytime BP (PR = 0.16, 95%CI: 0.05, 0.52), when compared to those with low level of adherence and after adjusting for the potential covariates. CONCLUSIONS: A healthier lifestyle is associated with better ambulatory BP profile among youths.

3.
Oncol Lett ; 28(1): 334, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827568

RESUMO

Despite advances in treatment and diagnosis, the prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains poor. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are associated with prognosis in esophageal cancer, indicating that they may help guide treatment decisions. The aim of the present study was to explore exosomal miR-185 as a candidate prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in ESCC, to investigate its biological function and clinical significance, and to ascertain the applicability of circulating exosomal miR-185 for the development of targeted drugs for ESCC treatment. A GeneChip miRNA array was used to compare exosomal miRNA expression in ESCC cell lines under hypoxia with those under normoxia. Exosomal miR-185 expression was then confirmed by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Patient background and prognosis were compared between high and low miR-185 expression groups. Functional analyses were performed to evaluate the antitumor effects of miR-185 in ESCC cells. Global Gene Set Enrichment Analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas data was also performed, and differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs under hypoxia were identified compared to those under normoxia. Hypoxia markedly decreased the expression of exosomal miR-185 in KYSE-960 and T.Tn cell culture media. Overexpression of miR-185 suppressed the migration, invasion and colony-forming abilities of ESCC lines, and also suppressed cell cycle progression and promoted apoptosis after cisplatin treatment. Notably, high miR-185 expression was associated with signaling pathways related to cell death, DNA damage and p53. Furthermore, circulating exosomal miR-185 levels were associated with cN and cStage, and could predict progression-free survival and disease-specific survival of patients with ESCC after initial treatment. In conclusion, miR-185 holds potential as a prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in ESCC.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856980

RESUMO

The efficiency of electrochemical nitrate (NO3-) reduction to ammonia (NH3) still remains a challenge due to the sluggish kinetics of the complex eight-electron reduction process and competitive hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Herein, we designed new three-dimensional (3D) porous Cu/Cu2+1O nanosheet arrays (Cu/Cu2+1O NSA) by coupling a template-directed method with in situ electroreduction. Thanks to the 3D porous structure and in-plane heterojunctions, Cu/Cu2+1O NSA can provide abundant active sites and a good interfacial effect, obtaining the maximum Faradaic efficiency (FE) of ammonia (88.09%) and high yield rate of 0.2634 mmol h-1 cm-2, which is higher than that of CuO nanosheets (77.81% and 0.2188 mmol h-1 cm-2) and CuO nanoparticles (34.60% and 0.0692 mmol h-1 cm-2). Experimental results and DFT simulations show that the interface effect of Cu/Cu2+1O can decrease the reaction energy barrier of the key step (*NO to *NOH) and can greatly inhibit the competitive hydrogen evolution reaction, thereby achieving excellent electrocatalytic performance for nitrate-to-ammonia conversion.

5.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(8): 140, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility and potential clinical value of local consolidative therapy (LCT) in PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-treated metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-treated metastatic NSCLC patients with measurable disease in three academic centers were screened and those with adequate follow-up were included. Oligo-residual disease (ORD) was defined as residual tumors limited to three organs and five lesions evaluated at the best response among patients with partial response or stable disease after PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. Oligometastatic and multiple-metastatic disease (OMD/MMD) were similarly classified at baseline. Locoregional interventions, administered after effective treatment of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors and before initial disease progression, were defined as LCT. Patterns of initial progressive disease (PD) were classified as involving only residual sites (RP), only new sites (NP), or a combination of both (BP). RESULTS: Among the 698 patients included, ORD was documented in 73 (47.1%) of 155 patients with baseline OMD and 60 (11.0%) of 543 patients with baseline MMD. With a median follow-up of 31.0 (range, 6.0-53.0) months, 108 patients with ORD developed initial PD, with RP, NP, and BP occurring in 51 (47%), 23 (21.3%), and 34 (31.5%), respectively. Among the 133 patients with ORD, those receiving LCT (n = 43) had longer progression-free survival (HR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.40-0.85, p = 0.01) and overall survival (HR = 0.49, 95% CI 0.30-0.79, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: ORD occurs with a clinically relevant frequency among PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-treated metastatic NSCLC patients and LCT may provide extra survival benefits in those with ORD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Masculino , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Neoplasia Residual , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Incidência , Metástase Neoplásica , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 272(Pt 2): 132919, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843673

RESUMO

Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogel showed potential applications in bioengineering and wearable sensors fields. It is still a huge challenge to prepare highly adhesive yet strong poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogel with good biocompatibility. Herein, we prepared a highly self-adhesive and strong poly (vinyl alcohol)/tannic acid@cellulose nanocrystals (PVA/TA@CNCs) composite hydrogel using TA@CNCs as functional nanofiller via facile freezing-thawing method. Multiple networks consisting of hydrogen bonding and coordination interactions endowed the hydrogel with high mechanical strength, excellent flexibility and fracture toughness with adequate energy dissipation mechanism and relatively dense network structure. The tensile strength of PVA/TA@CNCs hydrogel reached the maximum of 463 kPa, increasing by 367 % in comparison with pure PVA hydrogel (99 kPa), demonstrating the synergistic reinforcing and toughening effect of TA@CNCs. The hydrogel exhibited extremely high adhesion not only for various dry and wet substrates such as plastic, metal, Teflon, rubber, glass, leaf, but also sweaty human skin, showing good adhesion durability. The highest adhesion strength to silicone rubber, steel plate and pigskin could reach 197 kPa, 100 kPa and 46.9 kPa, respectively. Meanwhile the hydrogel had negligible cytotoxicity to cells and showed good biocompatibility.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 280: 116546, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843747

RESUMO

In China, fence net aquaculture practices have been established in some subsidence waters that have been formed in coal mining subsidence areas. Within this dynamic ecological context, diverse fish species grow continuously until being harvested at the culmination of their production cycle. The purpose of this study was to investigate diverse factors influencing the bioavailability and distribution of mercury (Hg) and methylmercury (MeHg), which have high physiological toxicity in fish, in the Guqiao coal mining subsidence area in Huainan, China. Mercury and MeHg were analyzed in 38 fish samples of eight species using direct mercury analysis (DMA-80) and gas chromatography-cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (GC-CVAFAS). The analysis results show that the ranges of Hg and MeHg content and methylation rate in the fish were 7.84-85.18 ng/g, 0.52-3.52 ng/g, and 0.81-42.68 %, respectively. Meanwhile, conclusions are also summarized as following: (1) Monophagous herbivorous fish that were fed continuously in fence net aquaculture areas had higher MeHg levels and mercury methylation rates than carnivorous fish. Hg and MeHg contents were affected by different feeding habits of fish. (2) Bottom-dwelling fish show higher MeHg levels, and habitat selection in terms of water depth also partially affected the MeHg content of fish. (3) The effect of fence net aquaculture on methylation of fish in subsidence water is mainly from feed and mercury-containing bottom sediments. However, a time-lag is observed in the physiological response of benthic fishes to the release of Hg from sediments. Our findings provides baseline reference data for the ecological impact of fence net aquaculture in waters affected by soil subsidence induced by coal mining in China. Prevalent environmental contaminants within coal mining locales, notably Hg, may infiltrate rain-induced subsidence waters through various pathways.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833379

RESUMO

We report the first room-temperature synthesis of ternary CdTeSe magic-size clusters (MSCs) that have mainly the surface ligand oleate (OA). The MSCs display sharp optical absorption peaking at ∼399 nm and are thus referred to as MSC-399. They are made from prenucleation-stage samples of binary CdTe and CdSe, which are prepared by two reactions in 1-octadecene (ODE) of cadmium oleate (Cd(OA)2) and tri-n-octylphosphine chalcogenide (ETOP, E = Te and Se) at 25 °C for 120 min and 80 °C for 15 min, respectively. When the two binary samples are mixed at room temperature and dispersed in a mixture of toluene (Tol) and octylamine (OTA), the CdTeSe MSC-399 develops. Also, when the CdSe sample is added to CdTe MSC-371 in a dispersion, the transformation from CdTe MSC-371 to CdTeSe MSC-399 is seen. We propose that the MSCs develop from their precursor compounds (PCs) that are relatively transparent in optical absorption, such as CdTeSe MSC-399 from CdTeSe PC-399 and CdTe MSC-371 from CdTe PC-371. The formation of CdTeSe PC-399 undergoes monomer substitution and not anion exchange, which is the reaction of CdTe PC-371 and the CdSe monomer to produce CdTeSe PC-399 and the CdTe monomer. Our study provides evidence of monomer substitution for the transformation from binary CdTe to ternary CdTeSe PCs.

9.
Neuroimage Clin ; 43: 103628, 2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) affects brain network hierarchy and cognitive function; however, itremainsunclearhowhierarchical changeaffectscognition in patients with BECTS. A major aim of this study was to examine changes in the macro-network function hierarchy in BECTS and its potential contribution to cognitive function. METHODS: Overall, the study included 50 children with BECTS and 69 healthy controls. Connectome gradient analysis was used to determine the brain network hierarchy of each group. By comparing gradient scores at each voxel level and network between groups, we assessed changes in whole-brain voxel-level and network hierarchy. Functional connectivity was used to detect the functional reorganization of epilepsy caused by these abnormal brain regions based on these aberrant gradients. Lastly, we explored the relationships between the change gradient and functional connectivity values and clinical variables and further predicted the cognitive function associated with BECTS gradient changes. RESULTS: In children with BECTS, the gradient was extended at different network and voxel levels. The gradient scores frontoparietal network was increased in the principal gradient of patients with BECTS. The left precentral gyrus (PCG) and right angular gyrus gradient scores were significantly increased in the principal gradient of children with BECTS. Moreover, in regions of the brain with abnormal principal gradients, functional connectivity was disrupted. The left PCG gradient score of children with BECTS was correlated with the verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ), and the disruption of functional connectivity in brain regions with abnormal principal gradients was closely related to cognitive function. VIQ was significantly predicted by the principal gradient map of patients. SIGNIFICANCE: The results indicate connectome gradient disruption in children with BECTS and its relationship to cognitive function, thereby increasing our understanding of the functional connectome hierarchy and providing potential biomarkers for cognitive function of children with BECTS.

10.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 25(1): 183, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, gene clustering analysis has become a widely used tool for studying gene functions, efficiently categorizing genes with similar expression patterns to aid in identifying gene functions. Caenorhabditis elegans is commonly used in embryonic research due to its consistent cell lineage from fertilized egg to adulthood. Biologists use 4D confocal imaging to observe gene expression dynamics at the single-cell level. However, on one hand, the observed tree-shaped time-series datasets have characteristics such as non-pairwise data points between different individuals. On the other hand, the influence of cell type heterogeneity should also be considered during clustering, aiming to obtain more biologically significant clustering results. RESULTS: A biclustering model is proposed for tree-shaped single-cell gene expression data of Caenorhabditis elegans. Detailedly, a tree-shaped piecewise polynomial function is first employed to fit non-pairwise gene expression time series data. Then, four factors are considered in the objective function, including Pearson correlation coefficients capturing gene correlations, p-values from the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test measuring the similarity between cells, as well as gene expression size and bicluster overlapping size. After that, Genetic Algorithm is utilized to optimize the function. CONCLUSION: The results on the small-scale dataset analysis validate the feasibility and effectiveness of our model and are superior to existing classical biclustering models. Besides, gene enrichment analysis is employed to assess the results on the complete real dataset analysis, confirming that the discovered biclustering results hold significant biological relevance.


Assuntos
Caenorhabditis elegans , Análise de Célula Única , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Animais , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Análise por Conglomerados , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Algoritmos
11.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 17: 1903-1909, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706805

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the potential prognostic value of mean blood glucose (MBG) in hospital for prognosis of COVID-19 adult patients in the intensive unit care unit (ICU). Methods: A single-site and retrospective study enrolled 107 patients diagnosed as COVID-19 from department of critical care medicine in the Second Xiangya Hospital between October 2022 and June 2023. Demographic information including glucose during ICU hospitalization, comorbidity, clinical data, types of medications and treatment, and clinical outcome were collected. The multivariate logistic and cox regression was used to explore the relationship between blood glucose changes and clinical outcomes of COVID-19 during ICU stay. Results: In total, 107 adult patients confirmed with COVID-19 were included. Multivariate logistic regression results showed an increase in MBG was associated with ICU mortality rate. Compared with normal glucose group (MBG <= 7.8 mmol/L), the risk of ICU mortality, 7-day mortality and 28-day mortality from COVID-19 were significantly increased in high glucose group (MBG >7.8mmol/L). Conclusion: MBG level during ICU hospitalization was strongly correlated to all-cause mortality and co-infection in COVID-19 patients. These findings further emphasize the importance of overall glucose management in severe cases of COVID-19.

12.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 16(1): 98, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is involved in the development of atherosclerosis (AS). However, the roles and functions of CEACAM1 in AS remain unknown. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the roles and molecular functions of CEACAM1 in AS. METHODS: We constructed a diabetes mellitus (DM) + high-fat diet (HFD) mouse model based on the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced apolipoprotein E-knockdown (ApopE-/-) mouse to investigate the roles and regulatory mechanism of miR-449a/CEACAM1 axis. The mRNA expression and protein levels in this study were examined using quantity PCR, western blot, immunofluorescence (IF), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively. And the lipid deposition and collagen content were detected using Oil Red O and Sirius Red staining. Cell apoptosis, migration, invasion, and tuber formation were detected by Annexin-V FITC/PI, wound healing, transwell, and tuber formation assays, respectively. The relationship between miR-449a and CEACAM1 was determined by a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. RESULTS: miR-449a and MMP-9 were upregulated, and CEACAM1 was downregulated in the DM + HFD MOUSE model. Upregulation of CEACAM1 promoted atherosclerotic plaque stability and inhibited inflammation in the DM + HFD mouse model. And miR-449a directly targeted CEACAM1. Besides, miR-449a interacted with CEACAM1 to regulate atherosclerotic plaque stability and inflammation in DM-associated AS mice. In vitro, the rescue experiments showed miR-449a interacted with CEACAM1 to affect apoptosis, migration, invasion, and tuber formation ability in high glucose (HG)-induced HUVECs. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrated that miR-449a promoted plaque instability and inflammation in DM and HFD-induced mice by targeting CEACAM1.

13.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(5)2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725291

RESUMO

A widely used psychotherapeutic treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves performing bilateral eye movement (EM) during trauma memory retrieval. However, how this treatment-described as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)-alleviates trauma-related symptoms is unclear. While conventional theories suggest that bilateral EM interferes with concurrently retrieved trauma memories by taxing the limited working memory resources, here, we propose that bilateral EM actually facilitates information processing. In two EEG experiments, we replicated the bilateral EM procedure of EMDR, having participants engaging in continuous bilateral EM or receiving bilateral sensory stimulation (BS) as a control while retrieving short- or long-term memory. During EM or BS, we presented bystander images or memory cues to probe neural representations of perceptual and memory information. Multivariate pattern analysis of the EEG signals revealed that bilateral EM enhanced neural representations of simultaneously processed perceptual and memory information. This enhancement was accompanied by heightened visual responses and increased neural excitability in the occipital region. Furthermore, bilateral EM increased information transmission from the occipital to the frontoparietal region, indicating facilitated information transition from low-level perceptual representation to high-level memory representation. These findings argue for theories that emphasize information facilitation rather than disruption in the EMDR treatment.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Dessensibilização e Reprocessamento através dos Movimentos Oculares , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Dessensibilização e Reprocessamento através dos Movimentos Oculares/métodos , Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/fisiopatologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Memória/fisiologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia
14.
J Phys Chem A ; 128(19): 3821-3829, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714336

RESUMO

The reactive collision between He+ and CO2 plays an important role in substance evolutions of the planetary CO2-rich atmosphere. Using a three-dimensional ion velocity map imaging technique, we investigate the low-energy ion-molecule reactions He+ + CO2 → He + CO2+/He + CO+ + O/He + CO + O+. The velocity images of the products CO+ and O+ of dissociative charge-exchange reactions are distinctly different from those of charge-exchange product CO2+. The remarkable features of stereodynamics are observed in the dissociative charge-exchange reaction and are attributed to the spatial alignment of the initially random target CO2 during the He+ approach. Branching ratios of different channels of dissociative charge exchange are further obtained with the Doppler kinematics model, indicating a high preference for the energy-resonant channel.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(18): e38007, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to report the evaluation of the prevalence and risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among adult psoriatic patients in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted across 4 databases of PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science to collect relevant studies until November 30, 2023, without any restrictions for finding observational studies. The comprehensive meta-analysis version 3.0 software was used to calculate effect sizes, showing the event rate (ER), odds ratio (OR), and a 95% confidence interval (CI) to evaluate NAFLD risk or prevalence in psoriatic patients and controls or psoriatic patients alone. The quality scoring was performed by 1 author based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale tool. Publication bias, meta-regression analysis, and sensitivity analyses were performed. Additionally, Trial Sequential Analysis (TSA) was performed using TSA software. RESULTS: A total of 581 records were identified among the databases and electronic sources. At last, 41 studies involving 607,781 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled ER of NAFLD among psoriatic patients was 29.5% (95%CI: 19.6%-41.7%) and I2 = 99.79%. The pooled OR of NAFLD in psoriatic patients compared to controls was 1.685 (95%CI: 1.382-2.055; P < .001) and I2 = 87.96%. CONCLUSIONS: The study found a significant link between psoriasis and NAFLD, with psoriatic patients having a higher chance of developing NAFLD compared to the controls. The study calls for regular NAFLD screening in psoriatic patients to prevent liver complications.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Psoríase , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/complicações , Prevalência , Adulto , Fatores de Risco
16.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2341454, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695296

RESUMO

Pertussis is a vaccine-preventable infectious disease; however, data on pertussis antibody levels in a nationwide population are still limited in China. We aimed to pool the seropositivity rates of IgG antibodies against pertussis toxin (PT-IgG) across the country. We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database for studies published between January 1, 2010, and June 30, 2023. Studies reporting the seroprevalence of PT-IgG among a healthy Chinese population were included. Pooled estimates were obtained using random-effects meta-analyzes. The meta-analysis included 39 studies (47,778 participants) reporting anti-PT IgG seropositivity rates. The pooled rate for all ages was 7.06% (95% CI, 5.50%-9.07%). Subgroup analyzes showed rates ranging from 6.36% to 12.50% across different age groups. This meta-analysis indicated a low anti-PT IgG seropositivity rate in the Chinese population, particularly among school-aged children and young adults. This finding underscores the urgent need to refine immunization strategies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Imunoglobulina G , Toxina Pertussis , Coqueluche , Humanos , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Toxina Pertussis/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Coqueluche/epidemiologia , Coqueluche/imunologia , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Criança , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Pré-Escolar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vacina contra Coqueluche/imunologia , Vacina contra Coqueluche/administração & dosagem , População do Leste Asiático
17.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703248

RESUMO

There is growing interest in incorporating metabolomics into public health practice. However, Black women are under-represented in many metabolomics studies. If metabolomic profiles differ between Black and White women, this under-representation may exacerbate existing Black-White health disparities. We therefore aimed to estimate metabolomic differences between Black and White women in the U.S. We leveraged data from two prospective cohorts: the Nurses' Health Study (NHS; n = 2077) and Women's Health Initiative (WHI; n = 2128). The WHI served as the replication cohort. Plasma metabolites (n = 334) were measured via liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Observed metabolomic differences were estimated using linear regression and metabolite set enrichment analyses. Residual metabolomic differences in a hypothetical population in which the distributions of 14 risk factors were equalized across racial groups were estimated using inverse odds ratio weighting. In the NHS, Black-White differences were observed for most metabolites (75 metabolites with observed differences ≥ |0.50| standard deviations). Black women had lower average levels than White women for most metabolites (e.g., for N6, N6-dimethlylysine, mean Black-White difference = - 0.98 standard deviations; 95% CI: - 1.11, - 0.84). In metabolite set enrichment analyses, Black women had lower levels of triglycerides, phosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylethanolamines, phosphatidylethanolamines, and organoheterocyclic compounds, but higher levels of phosphatidylethanolamine plasmalogens, phosphatidylcholine plasmalogens, cholesteryl esters, and carnitines. In a hypothetical population in which distributions of 14 risk factors were equalized, Black-White metabolomic differences persisted. Most results replicated in the WHI (88% of 272 metabolites available for replication). Substantial differences in metabolomic profiles exist between Black and White women. Future studies should prioritize racial representation.

18.
Gels ; 10(5)2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786250

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is a worldwide disease that causes low back pain and reduces quality of life. Biotherapeutic strategies based on tissue engineering alternatives, such as intervertebral disc scaffolds, supplemented by drug-targeted therapy have brought new hope for IVDD. In this study, to explore the role and mechanism of MnO2/GelMA composite hydrogels in alleviating IVDD, we prepared composite hydrogels with MnO2 and methacrylate gelatin (GelMA) and characterized them using compression testing and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Annulus fibrosus cells (AFCs) were cultured in the composite hydrogels to verify biocompatibility by live/dead and cytoskeleton staining. Cell viability assays and a reactive oxygen species (ROS) probe were used to analyze the protective effect of the composite hydrogels under oxidative damage. To explore the mechanism of improving the microenvironment, we detected the expression levels of antioxidant and autophagy-related genes and proteins by qPCR and Western blotting. We found that the MnO2/GelMA composite hydrogels exhibited excellent biocompatibility and a porous structure, which promoted cell proliferation. The addition of MnO2 nanoparticles to GelMA cleared ROS in AFCs and induced the expression of antioxidant and cellular autophagy through the common SIRT1/NRF2 pathway. Therefore, the MnO2/GelMA composite hydrogels, which can improve the disc microenvironment through scavenging intracellular ROS and resisting oxidative damage, have great application prospects in the treatment of IVDD.

19.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04073, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779874

RESUMO

Background: Studies have shown that the disease burden of anaemia varies globally, yet they have not yet determined its exact extent in East Asian countries specifically. We thus aimed to investigate the prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) due to anaemia from 1990 to 2021 in China, Japan, and South Korea. Methods: We extracted the prevalence and YLDs with their age-standardised rates (ASRs) in China, Japan, and South Korea from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2021, stratified by sex, age, and causes. We then examined the temporal trend of anaemia burden from 1990 to 2021 using joinpoint analysis and the association of anaemia burden with the Human Development Index and Universal Health Index through Spearman's correlation analysis. Results: In 2021, anaemia affected 136 million people in China (95% uncertainty interval (UI) = 131, 141), with ASRs of prevalence of 8.9% (95% UI = 8.6, 9.3), and accounted for 3.0 million YLDs (95% UI = 2.0, 4.4). It affected 13.6 million people in Japan (95% UI = 11.8, 16.0), with ASRs of prevalence of 7.4% (95% UI = 6.1, 9.0), and caused 181 thousand YLDs (95% UI = 108, 282). It also affected 2.7 million individuals in South Korea (95% UI = 2.4, 3.0), with ASRs of prevalence of 5.2% (95% UI = 4.6, 5.7), and led to 34 thousand YLDs (95% UI = 22, 55). We observed a significant gender discrepancy in the anaemia burden in these three countries, with the prevalence and YLD rates in women being almost twice as high as those in men. Moreover, the peak age of the anaemia burden shifted toward higher age groups in all three countries, particularly in Japan. Chronic kidney disease was responsible for a growing share of anaemia cases and YLDs, especially in adults aged more than 60 years in Japan and South Korea. Haemoglobinopathies were another noticeable cause of anaemia in China, though dietary iron deficiency remained the leading cause. Both socioeconomic development and essential health service coverage showed negative associations with the anaemia burden in the three countries in the past three decades, though with differential patterns. Conclusions: Anaemia remains a major public health issue in China, Japan, and South Korea; targeted surveillance and interventions are recommended for high-risk populations and cause-specific anaemia.


Assuntos
Anemia , Carga Global da Doença , Humanos , Anemia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Masculino , Feminino , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Idoso , Japão/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Lactente , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Deficiência , Recém-Nascido
20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(9): 7915-7927, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to explore IL-21/miR-361-5p/MAP3K9 expression in shoulder arthritis and identify its regulatory pathways. METHODS: We established a rat shoulder arthritis model, then quantified IL21 and miR-361-5p in synovial fluid using ELISA and monitored the arthritis development. Additionally, IL21's effect on miR-361-5p levels in cultured human chondrocytes (HC-a) was assessed. Chondrocyte cell cycle status and apoptosis were measured via flow cytometry. Interactions between miR-361-5p and MAP3K9 were confirmed through dual-luciferase reporting and bioinformatic scrutiny. Protein levels of MAP3K9, p-ERK1/2, p-NF-κB, MMP1, and MMP9 were analyzed by Western blots. RESULTS: IL21 levels were elevated, while miR-361-5p was reduced in the synovial fluid from arthritic rats compared to healthy rats. IL21 was shown to suppress miR-361-5p in chondrocytes leading to hindered cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. Western blots indicated that miR-361-5p curbed MAP3K9 expression, reducing MMP activity by attenuating the ERK1/2/NF-κB pathway in chondrocytes. CONCLUSION: IL21 upregulation and miR-361-5p downregulation characterize shoulder arthritis, resulting in MAP3K9 overexpression. This chain of molecular events boosts MMP expression in chondrocytes and exacerbates the condition's progression.


Assuntos
Condrócitos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases , MicroRNAs , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Interleucinas/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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