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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2969, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582766

RESUMO

Artificial electronic kagome lattices may emerge from electronic potential landscapes using customized structures with exotic supersymmetries, benefiting from the confinement of Shockley surface-state electrons on coinage metals, which offers a flexible approach to realizing intriguing quantum phases of matter that are highly desired but scarce in available kagome materials. Here, we devise a general strategy to construct varieties of electronic kagome lattices by utilizing the on-surface synthesis of halogen hydrogen-bonded organic frameworks (XHOFs). As a proof of concept, we demonstrate three XHOFs on Ag(111) and Au(111) surfaces, which correspondingly deliver regular, breathing, and chiral breathing diatomic-kagome lattices with patterned potential landscapes, showing evident topological edge states at the interfaces. The combination of scanning tunnelling microscopy and noncontact atomic force microscopy, complemented by density functional theory and tight-binding calculations, directly substantiates our method as a reliable and effective way to achieve electronic kagome lattices for engineering quantum states.

2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(15): e2322127121, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568978

RESUMO

Soil moisture (SM) is essential for sustaining services from Earth's critical zone, a thin-living skin spanning from the canopy to groundwater. In the Anthropocene epoch, intensive afforestation has remarkably contributed to global greening and certain service improvements, often at the cost of reduced SM. However, attributing the response of SM in deep soil to such human activities is a great challenge because of the scarcity of long-term observations. Here, we present a 37 y (1985 to 2021) analysis of SM dynamics at two scales across China's monsoon loess critical zone. Site-scale data indicate that land-use conversion from arable cropland to forest/grassland caused an 18% increase in SM deficit over 0 to 18 m depth (P < 0.01). Importantly, this SM deficit intensified over time, despite limited climate change influence. Across the Loess Plateau, SM storage in 0 to 10 m layer exhibited a significant decreasing trend from 1985 to 2021, with a turning point in 1999 when starting afforestation. Compared with SM storage before 1999, the relative contributions of climate change and afforestation to SM decline after 1999 were -8% and 108%, respectively. This emphasizes the pronounced impacts of intensifying land-use conversions as the principal catalyst of SM decline. Such a decline shifts 18% of total area into an at-risk status, mainly in the semiarid region, thereby threatening SM security. To mitigate this risk, future land management policies should acknowledge the crucial role of intensifying land-use conversions and their interplay with climate change. This is imperative to ensure SM security and sustain critical zone services.

3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 178, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clearance of apoptotic cells by efferocytosis is crucial for prevention of atherosclerosis progress, and impaired efferocytosis contributes to the aggravated atherosclerosis. RESULTS: In this study, we found that diabetic ApoE-/- mice showed aggravated atherosclerosis as hyperglycemia damaged the efferocytosis capacity at least partially due to decreased expression of Mer tyrosine kinase (MerTK) on macrophages. To locally restore MerTK in the macrophages in the plaque, hybrid membrane nanovesicles (HMNVs) were thus developed. Briefly, cell membrane from MerTK overexpressing RAW264.7 cell and transferrin receptor (TfR) overexpressing HEK293T cell were mixed with DOPE polymers to produce nanovesicles designated as HMNVs. HMNVs could fuse with the recipient cell membrane and thus increased MerTK in diabetic macrophages, which in turn restored the efferocytosis capacity. Upon intravenous administration into diabetic ApoE-/- mice, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SMN) decorated HMNVs accumulated at the aorta site significantly under magnetic navigation, where the recipient macrophages cleared the apoptotic cells efficiently and thus decreased the inflammation. CONCLUSIONS:  Our study indicates that MerTK decrease in macrophages contributes to the aggravated atherosclerosis in diabetic ApoE-/- mice and regional restoration of MerTK in macrophages of the plaque via HMNVs could be a promising therapeutic approach.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , 60574 , Células HEK293 , Membrana Celular , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Nanopartículas Magnéticas de Óxido de Ferro
4.
BMC Med ; 22(1): 160, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung health is increasingly recognized as an essential factor in mental health. However, prospective evidence on lung function with incident depression remains to be determined. The study aimed to examine the prospective association between impaired lung function and incident depression and the underlying biological mechanisms. METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprised 280,032 non-depressed individuals with valid lung function measurements from the UK Biobank. Lung function was assessed through the forced vital capacity (FVC) or forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Cox proportional hazard models were applied to estimate the associations between lung function and incident depression. Mediation analyses were fitted to investigate the potential mediating role of biomarkers and metabolites in the association. RESULTS: A total of 9514 participants (3.4%) developed depression during a median follow-up of 13.91 years. Individuals in the highest quartile had a lower risk of depression (FVC % predicted: HR = 0.880, 95% CI = 0.830-0.933; FEV1% predicted: HR = 0.854, 95% CI = 0.805-0.905) compared with those in the lowest quartile of the lung function indices. Additionally, the restricted cubic splines suggested lung function indices had reversed J-shaped associations with incident depression (nonlinear P < 0.05 for FVC % predicted and FEV1% predicted). Impaired lung function yielded similar risk estimates (HR = 1.124, 95% CI = 1.074-1.176). Biomarkers involving systemic inflammation, erythrocytes, and liver and renal function may be potential mediators in the lung function-depression association. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that the higher risk of developing depression was associated with impaired lung function. Also, the association might be partially mediated by biomarkers including systemic inflammation, erythrocytes, and liver and renal function, though these mediation findings should be interpreted with caution due to potential temporal ambiguity.


Assuntos
Depressão , Inflamação , Humanos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pulmão , Biomarcadores
5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560787

RESUMO

Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)-based solid electrolytes with a Li salt-polymer-little residual solvent configuration are promising candidates for solid-state batteries. Herein, we clarify the microstructure of PVDF-based composite electrolyte at the atomic level and demonstrate that the Li+-interaction environment determines both interfacial stability and ion-transport capability. The polymer works as a "solid diluent" and the filler realizes a uniform solvent distribution. We propose a universal strategy of constructing a weak-interaction environment by replacing the conventional N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) solvent with the designed 2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (TFA). The lower Li+ binding energy of TFA forms abundant aggregates to generate inorganic-rich interphases for interfacial compatibility. The weaker interactions of TFA with PVDF and filler achieve high ionic conductivity (7.0 × 10-4 S cm-1) of the electrolyte. The solid-state Li||LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cells stably cycle 4900 and 3000 times with cutoff voltages of 4.3 and 4.5 V, respectively, as well as deliver superior stability at -20 to 45 °C and a high energy density of 300 Wh kg-1 in pouch cells.

6.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564276

RESUMO

Twisted bilayer graphene (TBG) has the natural merits of tunable flat bands and localized states distributed as a triangular lattice. However, the application of this state remains obscure. By density functional theory (DFT) and pz orbital tight-binding model calculations, we investigate the tip-shaped electrostatic potential of top valence electrons of TBG at half filling. Adsorption energy scanning of molecules above the TBG reveals that this tip efficiently attracts molecules selectively to AA-stacked or AB-stacked regions. Tip shapes can be controlled by their underlying electronic structure, with electrons of low bandwidth exhibiting a more localized feature. Our results indicate that TBG tips offer applications in noninvasive and nonpolluting measurements in scanning probe microscopy and theoretical guidance for 2D material-based probes.

7.
J Med Virol ; 96(4): e29577, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572977

RESUMO

Uncovering the immune response to an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (In-Vac) and natural infection is crucial for comprehending COVID-19 immunology. Here we conducted an integrated analysis of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data from serial peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples derived from 12 individuals receiving In-Vac compared with those from COVID-19 patients. Our study reveals that In-Vac induces subtle immunological changes in PBMC, including cell proportions and transcriptomes, compared with profound changes for natural infection. In-Vac modestly upregulates IFN-α but downregulates NF-κB pathways, while natural infection triggers hyperactive IFN-α and NF-κB pathways. Both In-Vac and natural infection alter T/B cell receptor repertoires, but COVID-19 has more significant change in preferential VJ gene, indicating a vigorous immune response. Our study reveals distinct patterns of cellular communications, including a selective activation of IL-15RA/IL-15 receptor pathway after In-Vac boost, suggesting its potential role in enhancing In-Vac-induced immunity. Collectively, our study illuminates multifaceted immune responses to In-Vac and natural infection, providing insights for optimizing SARS-CoV-2 vaccine efficacy.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Leucócitos Mononucleares , NF-kappa B , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados , Imunidade , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Anticorpos Antivirais
8.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 118, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are increasingly recognized for their role in reducing the risk and improving the prognosis of heart failure (HF). However, the precise mechanisms involved remain to be fully delineated. Evidence points to their potential anti-inflammatory pathway in mitigating the risk of HF. METHODS: A two-sample, two-step Mendelian Randomization (MR) approach was employed to assess the correlation between SGLT-2 inhibition and HF, along with the mediating effects of inflammatory biomarkers in this relationship. MR is an analytical methodology that leverages single nucleotide polymorphisms as instrumental variables to infer potential causal inferences between exposures and outcomes within observational data frameworks. Genetic variants correlated with the expression of the SLC5A2 gene and glycated hemoglobin levels (HbA1c) were selected using datasets from the Genotype-Tissue Expression project and the eQTLGen consortium. The Genome-wide association study (GWAS) data for 92 inflammatory biomarkers were obtained from two datasets, which included 14,824 and 575,531 individuals of European ancestry, respectively. GWAS data for HF was derived from a meta-analysis that combined 26 cohorts, including 47,309 HF cases and 930,014 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for HF were calculated per 1 unit change of HbA1c. RESULTS: Genetically predicted SGLT-2 inhibition was associated with a reduced risk of HF (OR 0.42 [95% CI 0.30-0.59], P < 0.0001). Of the 92 inflammatory biomarkers studied, two inflammatory biomarkers (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 [CXCL10] and leukemia inhibitory factor) were associated with both SGLT-2 inhibition and HF. Multivariable MR analysis revealed that CXCL10 was the primary inflammatory cytokine related to HF (MIP = 0.861, MACE = 0.224, FDR-adjusted P = 0.0844). The effect of SGLT-2 inhibition on HF was mediated by CXCL10 by 17.85% of the total effect (95% CI [3.03%-32.68%], P = 0.0183). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides genetic evidence supporting the anti-inflammatory effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors and their beneficial impact in reducing the risk of HF. CXCL10 emerged as a potential mediator, offering a novel intervention pathway for HF treatment.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Anti-Inflamatórios , Biomarcadores , Glucose , Sódio
9.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-9, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579342

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Malignant cerebral edema (MCE) is a life-threatening complication of ischemic stroke. Few studies have evaluated MCE in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) receiving endovascular treatment (EVT). Therefore, the authors investigated the incidence, predictors, and functional outcomes of MCE in BAO patients undergoing EVT. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of the Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion (ATTENTION) trial, a prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial that compared endovascular treatment with conventional care of patients with BAO at 36 centers in China. Brain edema was retrospectively assessed using the Jauss score for all available follow-up scans, and patients with a Jauss score ≥ 4 were classified as having MCE. Clinical functional independence was defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-2, and a good outcome was defined as an mRS score of 0-3 at the 90-day follow-up. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the predictors of MCE and the impact of MCE on prognosis. RESULTS: A total of 189 patients were analyzed, and 13.2% of patients developed MCE. Multivariate analysis showed that the baseline Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (OR 0.722, 95% CI 0.548-0.950; p = 0.020) and the number of procedures (OR 1.594, 95% CI 1.051-2.419; p = 0.028) were significantly associated with MCE. After adjusting for confounding factors, the presence of MCE was significantly associated with a lower rate of functional independence (OR 0.115, 95% CI 0.023-0.563; p = 0.008), a lower rate of good outcome (OR 0.092, 95% CI 0.023-0.360; p = 0.001), and a higher rate of mortality (OR 5.373, 95% CI 2.055-14.052; p = 0.001) at the 90-day follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: MCE is not uncommon in BAO patients undergoing EVT and is associated with poor outcomes. Baseline GCS score and the number of procedures were predictors of MCE. In clinical practice, it is crucial that physicians identifying MCE after EVT in patients with BAO and identification of MCE will help in the selection of an appropriate pharmacological treatment strategy and close monitoring.

10.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1366515, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562566

RESUMO

Introduction: The brown planthopper (BPH) poses a significant threat to rice production in Asia. The use of resistant rice varieties has been effective in managing this pest. However, the adaptability of BPH to resistant rice varieties has led to the emergence of virulent populations, such as biotype Y BPH. YHY15 rice, which carries the BPH resistance gene Bph15, exhibits notable resistance to biotype 1 BPH but is susceptible to biotype Y BPH. Limited information exists regarding how resistant rice plants defend against BPH populations with varying levels of virulence. Methods: In this study, we integrated miRNA and mRNA expression profiling analyses to study the differential responses of YHY15 rice to both avirulent (biotype 1) and virulent (biotype Y) BPH. Results: YHY15 rice demonstrated a rapid response to biotype Y BPH infestation, with significant transcriptional changes occurring within 6 hours. The biotype Y-responsive genes were notably enriched in photosynthetic processes. Accordingly, biotype Y BPH infestation induced more intense transcriptional responses, affecting miRNA expression, defenserelated metabolic pathways, phytohormone signaling, and multiple transcription factors. Additionally, callose deposition was enhanced in biotype Y BPH-infested rice seedlings. Discussion: These findings provide comprehensive insights into the defense mechanisms of resistant rice plants against virulent BPH, and may potentially guide the development of insect-resistant rice varieties.

11.
Brain Pathol ; : e13261, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602336

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease, pathologically characterized by TDP-43 aggregates. Recent evidence has been indicated that phosphorylated TDP-43 (pTDP-43) is present not only in motor neurons but also in muscle tissues. However, it is unclear whether testing pTDP-43 aggregation in muscle tissue would assist in the diagnosis of ALS. We propose three key questions: (i) Is aggregation of pTDP-43 detectable in routine biopsied muscles? (ii) Can detection of pTDP-43 aggregation discriminate between ALS and non-ALS patients? (iii) Can pTDP-43 aggregation be observed in the early stages of ALS? We conducted a diagnostic study comprising 2 groups: an ALS group in which 18 cases underwent muscle biopsy screened from a registered ALS cohort consisting of 802 patients and a non-ALS control group, in which we randomly selected 54 muscle samples from a biospecimen bank of 684 patients. Among the 18 ALS patients, 3 patients carried pathological GGGGCC repeats in the C9ORF72 gene, 2 patients carried SOD1 mutations, and 7 patients were at an early stage with only one body region clinically affected. The pTDP-43 accumulation could be detected in routine biopsied muscles, including biceps brachii, deltoid, tibialis anterior, and quadriceps. Abnormal aggregation of pTDP-43 was present in 94.4% of ALS patients (17/18) compared to 29.6% of non-ALS controls (16/54; p < 0.001). The pTDP-43 aggregates were mainly close to the sarcolemma. Using a semi-quantified pTDP-43 aggregates score, we applied a cut-off value of 3 as a diagnostic biomarker, resulting in a sensitivity of 94.4% and a specificity of 83.3%. Moreover, we observed that accumulation of pTDP-43 occurred in muscle tissues prior to clinical symptoms and electromyographic lesions. Our study provides proof-of-concept for the detection of pTDP-43 accumulation via routine muscle biopsy which may serve as a novel biomarker for diagnosis of ALS.

12.
Org Lett ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602481

RESUMO

A Pd-catalyzed relatively general Michaelis-Arbuzov reaction of triaryl phosphites and aryl iodides for preparing useful aryl phosphonates was developed. Interestingly, water can greatly facilitate the reaction through a water-participating phosphonium intermediate rearrangement process, which also makes the reaction conditions rather mild. In comparison with the known methods, this reaction is milder and more general, as it exhibits excellent functional group tolerance, can be applied to various triaryl phosphites and aryl iodides, and can be extended to aryl phosphonites and phosphinites. A gram-scale reaction with a low catalyst loading also revealed its practicality and potential in large-scale preparation.

13.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 218: 166-177, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulated ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (ENPP) family occurs in metabolic reprogramming pathological processes. Nonetheless, the epigenetic mechanisms by which ENPP family impacts NAFLD, also known as metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD), is poorly appreciated. METHODS: We investigated the causes and consequences of ENPP1 promoter hypomethylation may boost NAFLD using NAFLD clinical samples, as well as revealed the underlying mechanisms using high-fat diet (HFD) + carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced mouse model of NAFLD and FFA treatment of cultured hepatocyte. RESULTS: Herein, we report that the expression level of ENPP1 are increased in patients with NAFLD liver tissue and in mouse model of NAFLD. Hypomethylation of ENPP1, is associated with the perpetuation of hepatocyte autophagy and liver fibrosis in the NAFLD. ENPP1 hypomethylation is mediated by the DNA demethylase TET3 in NAFLD liver fibrosis and hepatocyte autophagy. Additionally, knockdown of TET3 methylated ENPP1 promoter, reduced the ENPP1 expression, ameliorated the experimental NAFLD. Mechanistically, TET3 epigenetically promoted ENPP1 expression via hypomethylation of the promoter. Knocking down TET3 can inhibit the hepatocyte autophagy but an overexpression of ENPP1 showing rescue effect. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a novel epigenetic mechanism wherein TET3 promoted ENPP1 expression through promoter hypomethylation is a critical mediator of NAFLD. Our findings provide new insight into the development of preventative measures for NAFLD.

14.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 200: 105826, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582590

RESUMO

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase)-inhibiting herbicides are among the most commonly used herbicides to control grassy weeds, especially Leptochloa chinensis, in rice fields across China. Herein, we collected a suspected resistant (R) population of L. chinensis (HFLJ16) from Lujiang county in Anhui Province. Whole plant dose response tests showed that, compared with the susceptible (S) population, the R population showed high resistance to cyhalofop-butyl (22-fold) and displayed cross-resistance to metamifop (9.7-fold), fenoxaprop-P-ethyl (18.7-fold), quizalofop-P-ethyl (7.6-fold), clodinafop-propargyl (12-fold) and clethodim (8.4-fold). We detected an amino acid substitution (Cys-2088-Arg) in the ACCase of resistant L. chinensis. However, ACCase gene expression levels were not significantly different (P > 0.05) between R plants and S plants, without or with cyhalofop-butyl treatment. Furthermore, pretreatment with piperonyl butoxide (PBO, a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (CYP450) inhibitor) or 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD-Cl, a glutathione-S-transferase (GST) inhibitor), inhibited the resistance of the R population to cyhalofop-butyl significantly (by approximately 60% and 26%, respectively). Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry analysis showed that R plants metabolized cyhalofop-butyl and cyhalofop acid (its metabolite) significantly faster than S plants. Three CYP450 genes, one GST gene, and two ABC transporter genes were induced by cyhalofop-butyl and were overexpressed in the R population. Overall, GST-associated detoxification, CYP450 enhancement, and target-site gene mutation are responsible for the resistance of L. chinensis to cyhalofop-butyl.


Assuntos
4-Cloro-7-nitrobenzofurazano , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase , Butanos , Herbicidas , Nitrilas , Oxazóis , Propionatos , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Poaceae/genética , Poaceae/metabolismo , Herbicidas/farmacologia , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Mutação , Resistência a Herbicidas/genética
15.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1366431, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601498

RESUMO

Background: When employing the transcription-mediated amplification method for screening blood donors, there are some non-discriminatory reactive results which are screening assay reactive but HBV-DNA discriminatory assay negative. This raises concerns regarding the possibility of false positives among donors, which may lead to permanent deferral of blood donors and affect blood supply. This study aimed to elucidate the infection status of these non-discriminatory reactive blood donors and develop and validate a model to predict individualized hepatitis B status to establish an optimal screening strategy. Methods: Supplementary tests were conducted on initial non-discriminating reactive donations to determine their HBV infection status, including repeat testing, viral load, serological marker detection, and follow-up. Primary clinical variables of the donors were recorded. Based on the Akaike information criterion, a stepwise forward algorithm was used to identify the predictive factors for information and construct a predictive model. The optimal screening strategy was determined through cost-effectiveness analysis. Results: At the Blood Center of Zhejiang Province, 435 cases of initial non-discriminatory reactive donations were collected over two successive periods and sub-categorized through repeated testing into the following three groups: non-repeated positive group, non-discriminated positive group, and non-repeated HBV-DNA positive group. The HBV discriminatory rate increased after repeated testing (110/435, 25.29%). According to supplementary tests, the HBV-DNA positivity rate was 65.52% (285/435), and occult HBV infection was a significantly different among groups (χ2 = 93.22, p < 0.01). The HBV serological markers and viral load in the non-repeated positive group differed from those in the other two groups, with a lower viral load and a higher proportion of false positives. The predictive model constructed using a stepwise forward algorithm exhibited high discrimination, good fit, high calibration, and effectiveness. A cost-effectiveness analysis indicated that utilizing repeated discriminatory testing and the predictive model is an extremely beneficial screening approach for non-discriminatory reactive blood donors. Conclusion: Nearly two-third (65.52%) of the non-discriminatory reactive blood donors were HBV-DNA positive. Our innovative approach of constructing a predictive model as a supplementary screening strategy, combined with repeated discriminatory experiments, can effectively identify the infection status of non-discriminatory reactive blood donors, thereby increasing the safety of blood transfusions.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B , Humanos , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Doadores de Sangue , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , China/epidemiologia
16.
Cell Res ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605178

RESUMO

The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the mammalian central circadian pacemaker with heterogeneous neurons acting in concert while each neuron harbors a self-sustained molecular clockwork. Nevertheless, how system-level SCN signals encode time of the day remains enigmatic. Here we show that population-level Ca2+ signals predict hourly time, via a group decision-making mechanism coupled with a spatially modular time feature representation in the SCN. Specifically, we developed a high-speed dual-view two-photon microscope for volumetric Ca2+ imaging of up to 9000 GABAergic neurons in adult SCN slices, and leveraged machine learning methods to capture emergent properties from multiscale Ca2+ signals as a whole. We achieved hourly time prediction by polling random cohorts of SCN neurons, reaching 99.0% accuracy at a cohort size of 900. Further, we revealed that functional neuron subtypes identified by contrastive learning tend to aggregate separately in the SCN space, giving rise to bilaterally symmetrical ripple-like modular patterns. Individual modules represent distinctive time features, such that a module-specifically learned time predictor can also accurately decode hourly time from random polling of the same module. These findings open a new paradigm in deciphering the design principle of the biological clock at the system level.

17.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1360942, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595826

RESUMO

Background: Von-Hipple Lindau syndrome is an uncommon autosomal dominant disorder. 17 years ago we diagnosed a young woman with VHL syndrome validated by Sanger sequencing, her family members were genetically tested as well, and 187 healthy people were randomly selected for VHL genetic testing as controls. We analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of VHL syndrome in a Chinese lineage and with 17-year follow-up. Case presentation: A woman was finally diagnosed with VHL syndrome due to the detection of a missense mutation c.353T > C in exon 2 of the short arm of chromosome 3, which resulted in a leucine substitution at amino acid 118 of the encoded protein by a proline, which may be thought the main cause of the disease. The same mutation was observed in two other family members, their clinical symptoms are not entirely identical. However, this mutation was not found in other family members or 187 healthy controls. She clinically presented with central nervous system hemangioblastomas, clear renal cell carcinoma, and pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms, despite the multi-organ involvement and several relapses during the disease, the patients survive well for she was treated with aggressive surgery early in the course of the plaguing symptoms, whereas patients who are not aggressively treated have a poorer prognosis. Conclusion: The clinical presentation of VHL syndrome is atypical, and early identification and treatment of VHL syndrome is possible by genetic testing techniques. Multiple relapses occurred during the course of the disease, but early diagnosis and aggressive treatment allowed the patients to survive well.

18.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28465, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596109

RESUMO

Background: Grade IV circular hemorrhoids are difficult to treat. We aim to describe the modified whitehead hemorrhoidectomy procedure and to assess the effectiveness and safety of this procedure for grade IV circular hemorrhoid patients. Methods: Patients with grade Ⅳ circular hemorrhoids who underwent modified Whitehead hemorrhoidectomy and partial hemorrhoidectomy for fourth-degree circular mixed hemorrhoids were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical data were extracted from the database at our institution, and long-term postoperative complications were assessed through repeated outpatient examinations and telephonic communication. Results: A total of 205 patients were included in this study. The mean operative time was 59.2 ± 13.8 min. The average hospital stay was 4.6 ± 1.0 days. For postoperative complications, 66 (32.2%) patients had urinary retention, 10 (4.9%) patients had a sense of incomplete rectal emptying, 5 (2.4%) patients had anal incontinence, and 6 (2.9%) patients had wound infection. For long-term postoperative complications, 3 (1.5%) patients experienced mild to moderate anal stricture, 2 (1%) patients experienced mucosal ectropion, they all had smooth recoveries, and none of them needed secondary surgery. None of these patients had a hemorrhoid recurrence. A total of 205 patients who received modified Whitehead hemorrhoidectomy and 161 who received partial hemorrhoidectomy were included. There were no residual hemorrhoids in patients who received modified Whitehead hemorrhoidectomy, and none had hemorrhoid recurrence. Fifty-eight patients who received partial hemorrhoidectomy had hemorrhoidal residues, and 19 patients experienced hemorrhoid recurrence. After modified Whitehead hemorrhoidectomy, 3 patients developed anal stenosis, and 2 had mucosal ectropion. Four patients developed anal stricture after partial hemorrhoidectomy, and none had mucosal ectropion. They all had smooth recoveries, and none of them needed a secondary surgery. For the mean duration of surgery, postoperative bleeding, postoperative pain, wound infection, sense of incomplete rectal emptying, anal incontinence, and urinary retention, no statistically significant differences were found between the two groups. Conclusions: Compared with partial hemorrhoidectomy, modified whitehead hemorrhoidectomy is an effective and safe surgical procedure and does not significantly increase the risk of anal stenosis and mucosal ectropion for grade IV circular hemorrhoid patients. Prospective randomized controlled trials are needed to verify our results.

19.
J Neurol ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The benefit and safety of intravenous thrombolysis before endovascular thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by basilar artery occlusion (BAO) remains unclear. This article aims to investigate the clinical outcomes and safety of endovascular thrombectomy with versus without intravenous thrombolysis in acute BAO stroke patients. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases to identify relevant literature pertaining to patients with acute BAO who underwent endovascular thrombectomy alone or intravenous thrombolysis bridging with endovascular thrombectomy (bridging therapy), until January 10, 2024. The primary outcome was functional independence, defined as a score of 0-2 on the modified Rankin Scale at 90 days. The safety outcome was mortality at 90 days and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 h. Effect sizes were computed as risk ratio (RR) with random-effect models. This study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42023462293). RESULTS: A total of 528 articles were obtained through the search and articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded. Finally, 2 RCTs and 10 cohort studies met the inclusion criteria. The findings revealed that the endovascular thrombectomy alone group had a lower rate of functional independence compared to the bridging therapy group (29% vs 38%; RR 0.78, 95% CI 0.68-0.88, p < 0.001), lower independent ambulation (39% vs 45%; RR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82-0.98, p = 0.01), and higher mortality (36% vs 28%, RR 1.22, 95% CI 1.08-1.37, p = 0.001). However, no differences were detected in symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage between the two groups (6% vs 4%; RR 1.12, 95% CI 0.74-1.71, p = 0.58). CONCLUSION: Intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular thrombectomy seemed to led to better functional independence, independent ambulation, and lower risk of mortality without increasing the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage compared to endovascular thrombectomy alone. However, given the non-randomized nature of this study, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 400: 130648, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561153

RESUMO

Open unsterile fermentation of the low-cost non-food crop, sweet sorghum, is an economically feasible lactic acid biosynthesis process. However, hyperosmotic stress inhibits microbial metabolism and lactic acid biosynthesis, and engineering strains with high osmotic tolerance is challenging. Herein, heavy ion mutagenesis combined with osmotic pressure enrichment was used to engineer a hyperosmotic-tolerant Bacillus coagulans for L-lactic acid production. The engineered strain had higher osmotic pressure tolerance, when compared with the parental strain, primarily owing to its improved properties such as cell viability, cellular antioxidant capacity, and NADH supply. In a pilot-scale open unsterile fermentation using sweet sorghum juice as a feedstock, the engineered strain produced 94 g/L L-lactic acid with a yield of 91 % and productivity of 6.7 g/L/h, and optical purity of L-lactic acid at the end of fermentation was 99.8 %. In short, this study provided effective and low-cost approach to produce polymer-grade L-lactic acid.

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