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1.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(26): 7944-7953, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reports on peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placement in neonates with persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) are rare. The majority of PLSVC patients have no clinical symptoms or hemodynamic changes, which are usually detected during cardiac catheterization, cardiac pacemaker implantation, or PICC placement. However, in neonates with PLSVC, PICC placement can be challenging. Here, we report PICC placement in eight neonates with PLSVC. CASE SUMMARY: This article introduces the concept of the "TIMB" bundle. After PICC implantation, we found PLSVC in all eight patients. The key points of care regarding PICC placement in neonates with PLSVC included "TIMB", where "T" indicates a reasonable choice of the catheterization time, "I" refers to a retrospective analysis of imaging data before catheterization, "M" refers to correct measurement of the body surface length, and "B" indicates that the tip of the PICC is placed in the middle and lower 1/3 of the left superior vena cava under the guidance of B-ultrasound. CONCLUSION: "TIMB" is a bundle for PICC placement in neonates, especially for those with PLSVC. Using this new approach can improve the first-attempt success rate of PICC placement, reveal cardiovascular abnormalities in advance, allow the selection of different measurement methods reasonably according to the puncture site, and finally, improve the accuracy of catheter positioning through the use of B-ultrasound guidance.

2.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 8(4): 370-379, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631986

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effects of a symptom management intervention (SMI) based on symptom management group sessions combined with a mobile health (mHealth) application (app) on the knowledge of symptom management, the certainty of symptom self-management, symptom severity, symptom distress, medication adherence, social support, and quality of life among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in China. Methods: A parallel randomized controlled trial with 61 PLWH was conducted in Shanghai, China. The participants in the control group (n = 30) downloaded the Symptom Management (SM) app according to their needs and preferences, and received routine follow-ups. The participants in the intervention group (n = 31) were guided to download and use the SM app, and received four tailored weekly group sessions at routine follow-ups. Each group session lasted for approximately 2 h and targeted one of the major modules of the SM app. All the outcomes were assessed at baseline and post-intervention. The study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR1900024821). Results: The symptom management knowledge and certainty of symptom self-management were significantly improved after the intervention (all P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, the scores of symptoms reasons knowledge score improved 11.47 points (95% CI: 3.41, 19.53) and scores of symptoms self-management knowledge score improved 12.80 points (95% CI: 4.55, 21.05) in the intervention group after controlling for covariates. However, other outcomes did not show statistically significant differences between the intervention group and the control group (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The SMI could improve PLWH's symptom management knowledge and certainty of symptom self-management. Multi-center studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-ups are needed to further understand the effects of SM app on ameliorating symptom severity and symptom distress. More innovative strategies are also needed to promote and maintain the sustainability of the SM app.

3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 304, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the treatments of skin wounds have greatly improved with the increase in therapeutic methods and agents, available interventions still cannot meet the current clinical needs. Therefore, the development of new pro-regenerative therapies remains urgent. Owing to their unique characteristics, both nanomaterials and peptides have provided novel clues for the development of pro-regenerative agents, however, more efforts were still be awaited and anticipated. RESULTS: In the current research, Hollow polydopamine (HPDA) nanoparticles were synthesized and HPDA nanoparticles loading with RL-QN15 (HPDAlR) that was an amphibian-derived peptide with obvious prohealing activities were prepared successfully. The characterization, biodistribution and clearance of both HPDA nanoparticles and HPDAlR were evaluated, the loading efficiency of HPDA against RL-QN15 and the slow-releasing rate of RL-QN15 from HPDAlR were also determined. Our results showed that both HPDA nanoparticles and HPDAlR exerted no obvious toxicity against keratinocyte, macrophage and mice, and HPDA nanoparticles showed no prohealing potency in vivo and in vitro. Interestingly, HPDAlR significantly enhanced the ability of RL-QN15 to accelerate the healing of scratch of keratinocytes and selectively modulate the release of healing-involved cytokines from macrophages. More importantly, in comparison with RL-QN15, by evaluating on animal models of full-thickness injured skin wounds in mice and oral ulcers in rats, HPDAlR showed significant increasing in the pro-regenerative potency of 50 and 10 times, respectively. Moreover, HPDAlR also enhanced the prohealing efficiency of peptide RL-QN15 against skin scald in mice and full-thickness injured wounds in swine. CONCLUSIONS: HPDA obviously enhanced the pro-regenerative potency of RL-QN15 in vitro and in vivo, hence HPDAlR exhibited great potential in the development of therapeutics for skin wound healing.

4.
Opt Express ; 29(17): 27830-27844, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615191

RESUMO

Passive millimeter wave (PMMW) imagers are increasingly becoming practical sensor candidates for target detection tasks. This paper is devoted to the ship detection by land-based W band passive polarized imager. The radiation characteristics of sky, sea surface and the atmospheric absorption characteristics of sea area near Qingdao are calculated based on sounding data. And the W band radiation characteristic of painted metal is measured. Then, the experiments of detection for sea surface ship are carried out in different ranges including 2,5, and 15 kilometers. The results show that land-based PMMW imager can detect and locate ship target from sea surface more than tens of kilometers away in thick fog, and polarization selection has influence on detection performance.

5.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 309, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin wound healing remains a considerable clinical challenge, thus stressing the urgent need for the development of new interventions to promote repair. Recent researches indicate that both peptides and nanoparticles may be potential therapies for the treatment of skin wounds. METHODS: In the current study, the mesoporous polydopamine (MPDA) nanoparticles were prepared and the peptide RL-QN15 that was previously identified from amphibian skin secretions and exhibited significant potential as a novel prohealing agent was successfully loaded onto the MPDA nanoparticles, which was confirmed by results of analysis of scanning electron microscopy and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The encapsulation efficiency and sustained release rate of RL-QN15 from the nanocomposites were determined. The prohealing potency of nanocomposites were evaluated by full-thickness injured wounds in both mice and swine and burn wounds in mice. RESULTS: Our results indicated that, compared with RL-QN15 alone, the prohealing potency of nanocomposites of MPDA and RL-QN15 in the full-thickness injured wounds and burn wounds in mice was increased by up to 50 times through the slow release of RL-QN15. Moreover, the load on the MPDA obviously increased the prohealing activities of RL-QN15 in full-thickness injured wounds in swine. In addition, the obvious increase in the prohealing potency of nanocomposites of MPDA and RL-QN15 was also proved by the results from histological analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our knowledge, this is the first research to report that the load of MPDA nanoparticles could significantly increase the prohealing potency of peptide and hence highlighted the promising potential of MPDA nanoparticles-carrying peptide RL-QN15 for skin wound therapy.

6.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101563, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632723

RESUMO

Gas therapy is an emerging "green" cancer treatment strategy; however, its outcome often restricted by the complexity, diversity, and heterogeneity of tumor. Herein, a tumor targeting and tumor microenvironment-activated calcium phosphate nanotheranostic system (denoted as GCAH) is constructed for effective synergistic cancer starvation/gas therapy. GCAH is obtained by a facile biomineralization strategy using glucose oxidase (GOx) as a biotemplate, followed by loading of l-Arginine (L-Arg) and modification of hyaluronic acid (HA) to allow special selectivity for glycoprotien CD44 overexpressed cancer cells. This nanotheranostic system not only exhausts the glucose nutrients in tumor region by the GOx-triggered glucose oxidation, the generated H2 O2 can oxidize L-Arg into NO under acidic tumor microenvironment for enhanced gas therapy. As such, there are significant enhancement effects of starvation therapy and gas therapy through the cascade reactions of GOx and L-Arg, which yields a remarkable synergistic therapeutic effect for 4T1 tumor-bearing mice without discernible toxic side effects.

7.
J Nucl Med ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593593

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of ultra-low 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) activity in total-body positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) oncological studies. Methods: Thirty patients with cancer were enrolled prospectively and underwent a total-body PET/CT examination with an ultra-low 18F-FDG activity (0.37 MBq/kg) after an uptake time of 60 minutes. Among the enrolled patients, 11 were diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC). PET raw data were acquired within 15 minutes and reconstructed using data from the first 1, 2, 4, 8, 10 and the entire 15 min (G1, G2, G4, G8, G10, G15). Image quality was assessed qualitatively by two readers using a 5-point Likert scale twice. Cohen's kappa test was performed to investigate the intra-reader and inter-reader agreement. The standard uptake value (SUV)max of lesions, SUVmax, SUVmean, and standard deviation (SD) of the livers, the tumor-to-background ratio (TBR), and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured and compared. The acquisition time for a clinically acceptable image quality was determined using an ultra low activity injection. In a matched-pair study, 11 patients with CRC who received a full FDG activity (3.7 MBq/kg) with a 2-min PET acquisition were selected retrospectively with matched sex, height, weight, body mass index, glucose level, uptake time, and pathological types with the 11 CRC subjects in the prospective study. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed and compared between the 11 patients with CRC in the ultra-low activity group and their matched full activity controls. Results: Qualitative analysis of image quality showed good intra- and inter-reader agreements (all kappa > 0.7). All the images acquired for 8-min or longer scored over 3 (indicating clinical acceptability). There was no significant difference in TBR and liver SNR among all the images acquired for 8-min or longer. In the matched study, no significant difference was found in the image quality score and quantitative parameters between the ultra-low activity group with an 8-min acquisition and the full activity group with a 2-min acquisition. Conclusion: Ultra-low FDG activity injection with 8-min acquisition in a total-body PET/CT study can achieve acceptable image quality equivalent to that in the full activity group using 2-min acquisition.

8.
Biomaterials ; 278: 121165, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649197

RESUMO

Metformin is a clinically-approved anti-diabetic drug with emerging antitumor potential, but its antitumor activity is highly susceptible to local glucose abundance. Herein, we construct a nanotherapeutic platform based on biocompatible constituents to sensitize tumor cells for metformin therapy via cooperative glucose starvation. The nanoplatform was synthesized through the spontaneous biomineralization of glucose oxidase (GOx) and metformin in amorphous calcium phosphate nanosubstrate, which was further modified with polyethylene glycol and cRGD ligands. This biomineralized nanosystem could efficiently deliver the therapeutic payloads to tumor cells in a targeted and bioresponsive manner. Here GOx could catalyze the oxidation of glucose into gluconic acid and H2O2, thus depleting the glucose in tumor intracellular compartment while accelerating the release of the entrapped therapeutic payloads. The selective glucose deprivation would not only disrupt tumor energy metabolism, but also upregulate the PP2A regulatory subunit B56δ and sensitize tumor cells to the metformin-induced CIP2A inhibition, leading to efficient apoptosis induction via PP2A-GSK3ß-MCL-1 axis with negligible side effects. This study may offer new avenues for targeted tumor therapy in the clinical context.

9.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 732786, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650978

RESUMO

Background: Importin 7 (IPO7), a karyopherin-ß protein, is involved in various tumorigenesis and progression abilities by mediating the nuclear import of oncoproteins. However, the exact biological functions of IPO7 remain to be further elucidated. Materials and Methods: TCGA and GEO datasets were used to identify dysregulated expression of IPO7 in various cancers. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function analyses were used to identify the oncogenic functions of IPO7 in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, LC-MS/MS and parallel reaction monitoring analysis were used to comparatively profiled IPO7-related proteomics and potential molecular machinery. Results: Our works demonstrated that the expression of IPO7 was upregulated and was correlated with a poor prognosis in cervical cancer. In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that knockdown of IPO7 inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and C-4 I cells. LC-MS/MS analysis showed that IPO7-related cargo proteins mainly were enriched in gene transcription regulation. Then independent PRM analysis for the first time demonstrated that 32 novel IPO7 cargo proteins, such as GTF2I, RORC1, PSPC1, and RBM25. Moreover, IPO7 contributed to activating the PI3K/AKT-mTOR pathway by mediating the nuclear import of GTF2I in cervical cancer cells. Intriguingly, we found that the IPO7 expression was negatively correlated with CD8 T cell infiltration via regulating the expression of CD276 in cervical cancer. Conclusion: This study enhances our understanding of IPO7 nuclear-cytoplasmic translocation and might reveal novel potential therapeutic targets. The results of a negative correlation between the IPO7 and CD8 T cell infiltration indicate that the IPO7 might play an important impact on the immune microenvironment of cervical cancer.

10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19498, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593894

RESUMO

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) images is widely used in ophthalmic examination, but their qualities are often affected by noises. Shearlet transform has shown its effectiveness in removing image noises because of its edge-preserving property and directional sensitivity. In the paper, we propose an adaptive denoising algorithm for OCT images. The OCT noise is closer to the Poisson distribution than the Gaussian distribution, and shearlet transform assumes additive white Gaussian noise. We hence propose a square-root transform to redistribute the OCT noise. Different manufacturers and differences between imaging objects may influence the observed noise characteristics, which make predefined thresholding scheme ineffective. We propose an adaptive 3D shearlet image filter with noise-redistribution (adaptive-SIN) scheme for OCT images. The proposed adaptive-SIN is evaluated on three benchmark datasets using quantitative evaluation metrics and subjective visual inspection. Compared with other algorithms, the proposed algorithm better removes noise in OCT images and better preserves image details, significantly outperforming in terms of both quantitative evaluation and visual inspection. The proposed algorithm effectively transforms the Poisson noise to Gaussian noise so that the subsequent shearlet transform could optimally remove the noise. The proposed adaptive thresholding scheme optimally adapts to various noise conditions and hence better remove the noise. The comparison experimental results on three benchmark datasets against 8 compared algorithms demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in removing OCT noise.

11.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5254, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605575

RESUMO

Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex (PCC) and Atractylodis Rhizoma (AR) is frequently used as herb pair to treat eczema and gout diseases due to their synergistic effects. Alkaloids are the major ingredients from PCC, effect of compatibility on the in vivo process of alkaloids remains unclear. In this study, a simple and reliable UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of six alkaloids in rat plasma was developed. This method was applied to a comparative pharmacokinetic study between PCC and PCC-AR in rats. Effect of AR on absorption of alkaloids was investigated by single-pass intestinal perfusion study. Effect of AR on urinary excretion of alkaloids was studied. Pharmacokinetic studies showed that AUC0-t of phellodendrine, magnoflorine, and palmatine were greater in PCC-AR group than in PCC group. Intestinal absorptive parameters Ka and Peff of phellodendrine and jatrorrhizine in PCC-AR groups were higher than those in PCC group. Urinary excretion studies revealed that excreted amount of alkaloids in PCC-AR group is lower than in PCC group. Results revealed that compatibility of PCC and AR improves intestinal absorption of alkaloids, reduce their urinary excretion, which enhances their systemic exposures. This study may explain the synergetic effects of PCC and AR in the clinical applications.

12.
Biomacromolecules ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605641

RESUMO

Gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) have shown promising applications in biotherapy owing to their ultrasmall size and unique molecular-like properties. In order to better guide the preparations and applications of AuNCs, dihydrolipoic acid-protected AuNCs (DHLA-AuNCs) and glutathione-protected AuNCs (GSH-AuNCs) were selected as models and the interactions between them and calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) were studied in detail. The results showed that there was a small difference in the binding mechanisms and forces between both AuNCs and ctDNA. The quenching mechanisms of both AuNCs to (ctDNA-HO) were completely different. The binding constants indicated that the binding strength between DHLA-AuNCs and ctDNA was greater than those of GSH-AuNCs. The conformation investigations showed that GSH-AuNCs had a greater impact on the conformation of ctDNA, and both AuNCs were more inclined to interact with the A-T base pairs of ctDNA. These results indicate that the surface ligand had a significant effect on the interactions between AuNCs and DNA and might also further affect the applications of AuNCs, and these results could guide the preparations of AuNCs. For DHLA-AuNCs, their good biocompatibility made them a potential candidate for application in imaging, drug treatment, sensing, and so on. The resulting base accumulation of ctDNA and weak interactions made GSH-AuNCs have great potential for application in gene therapy, which was consistent with the current reports on the applications of these two AuNCs. This work has pointed out the directions for the preparations and applications of AuNCs.

13.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; : 115758, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678374

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction is a major factor in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), preceding insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis. Carnosol (CAR) is a kind of diterpenoid with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. Peroxiredoxin 3 (PRDX3), a mitochondrial H2O2-eliminating enzyme, undergoes overoxidation and subsequent inactivation under oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effect of the natural phenolic compound CAR on NAFLD via PRDX3. Mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) and AML-12 cells treated with palmitic acid (PA) were used to detect the molecular mechanism of CAR in NAFLD. We found that pharmacological treatment with CAR notably moderated HFD- and PA- induced steatosis and liver injury, as shown by biochemical assays, Oil Red O and Nile Red staining. Further mechanistic investigations revealed that CAR exerted anti-NAFLD effects by inhibiting mitochondrial oxidative stress, perturbation of mitochondrial dynamics, and apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. The decreased protein and mRNA levels of PRDX3 were accompanied by intense oxidative stress after PA intervention. Interestingly, CAR specifically bound PRDX3, as shown by molecular docking assays, and increased the expression of PRDX3. However, the hepatoprotection of CAR in NAFLD was largely abolished by specific PRDX3 siRNA, which increased mitochondrial dysfunction and exacerbated apoptosis in vitro. In conclusion, CAR suppressed lipid accumulation, mitochondrial dysfunction and hepatocyte apoptosis by activating PRDX3, mitigating the progression of NAFLD, and thus, CAR may represent a promising candidate for clinical treatment of steatosis.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 984, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686654

RESUMO

Delayed wound healing causes problems for many patients both physically and psychologically, contributing to pain, economic burden, loss of function, and even amputation. Although many factors affect the wound healing process, abnormally prolonged or augmented inflammation in the wound site is a common cause of poor wound healing. Excessive neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation during this phase may amplify inflammation and hinder wound healing. However, the roles of NETs in wound healing are still unclear. Herein, we briefly introduce NET formation and discuss the possible NET-related mechanisms in wound healing. We conclude with a discussion of current studies, focusing on the roles of NETs in diabetic and normoglycemic wounds and the effectiveness of NET-targeting treatments in wound healing.

15.
Biomater Sci ; 9(19): 6381-6390, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582527

RESUMO

Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) and malignant ascites (MA), which are common but serious conditions caused by malignancies, are related to poor quality of life and high mortality. Current treatments, including therapeutic thoracentesis and indwelling pleural catheters or paracentesis and catheter drainage, are largely palliative. An effective treatment is urgently needed. MPE and MA are excellent candidates for intratumoural injections that have direct contact with tumour cells and kill tumour cells more effectively and efficiently with fewer side effects, and the fluid environment of MPE and MA can provide a homogeneous area for drug distribution. The immunosuppressive environments within the pleural and peritoneal cavities suggest the feasibility of local immunotherapy. In this review, we introduce the current management of MPE and MA, discuss the latest advances and challenges in utilizing local biomaterial-assisted antitumour therapies for the treatment of MPE and MA, and discuss further opportunities in this field.


Assuntos
Derrame Pleural Maligno , Pleurodese , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Derrame Pleural Maligno/terapia , Qualidade de Vida
16.
J Asthma ; : 1-10, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to provide a novel strategy to administer treatment at the first signs of severe air pollution and before patients experience symptoms for preventing airway damage. METHODS: This single-center, prospective, randomized and standard treatment parallel control clinical trial recruited adult asthma patients. The patients were randomized into either the rescue intervention strategy (RIS) group or control group. The rescue intervention strategy for the RIS group included budesonide/formoterol plus the original treatment until the severe pollution ended. The control group was maintained on the original treatment. The follow-up observation period was 1 year. RESULTS: Overall, 22 participants were enrolled and 20 completed the follow-up (11 in the RIS group and 9 in the control group). Two participants dropped out of the trial for personal reasons before the first follow-up. In the intention-to-treat analysis, the frequency of asthma exacerbations per year was significantly lower in the RIS group than in the control group (RIS vs. control, 0.55 vs. 2.67; risk rate [RR] [95% confidence interval {CI}], 0.21 [0.08-0.50]; p = 0.001). The mean number of unplanned outpatient visits per person per year was also lower in the RIS group than in the control group (RIS vs. control, 0.18 vs. 1.11; RR [95% CI], 0.16 [0.04-0.75]; p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: A novel strategy to administer treatment at the first signs of severe air pollution and before patients experience symptoms may decrease the risk of asthma exacerbations and negative outcomes under severe air pollution conditions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR, ChiCTR1900026757. http://www.chictr.org.cn.

17.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e048405, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Women in different age phases have different metabolism and hormone levels that influence the production and excretion of uric acid. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and related factors of hyperuricaemia among women in various age phases. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were obtained from women at three health check-up centres in Shanghai. PARTICIPANTS: Adult women from three health check-up centres were recruited. Exclusion criteria were individuals with pregnancy, cancer, incomplete information. Finally, 11 601 participants were enrolled. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of hyperuricaemia of total subjects were 11.15% (95% CIs 10.57% to 11.72%). The prevalence of hyperuricaemia in 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70 years old was 6.41% (95% CI 4.97% to 7.86%), 5.63% (4.71% to 6.55%), 6.02% (5.01%% to 7.03%), 11.51% (10.19% to 12.82%), 16.49% (15.03% to 17.95%) and 23.98% (21.56% to 26.40%), respectively. Compared with 18-29 years old, the ORs for hyperuricaemia in other age phases were 0.870 (95% CI 0.647 to 1.170, p=0.357), 0.935 (0.693 to 1.261, p=0.659), 1.898 (1.444 to 2.493, p<0.001), 2.882 (2.216 to 3.748, p<0.001) and 4.602 (3.497 to 6.056, p<0.001), respectively. During the 18-29 years old, the related factors for hyperuricaemia were obesity and dyslipidaemia. During the 30-59 years old, the related factors were obesity, dyslipidaemia, hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Over the 60 years old, the occurrence of hyperuricaemia was mainly affected by obesity, dyslipidaemia and CKD, while hypertension cannot be an impact factor for hyperuricaemia independently of obesity and dyslipidaemia. CONCLUSION: After 50 years old, the prevalence of hyperuricaemia in Shanghai women has increased significantly and reaches the peak after 70. Obesity and dyslipidaemia are two main related factors for hyperuricaemia during all ages, while diabetes mellitus and nephrolithiasis have no relationship with hyperuricaemia throughout. CKD is an independent impact factor for hyperuricaemia after 30 years old.

18.
Immunobiology ; 226(5): 152133, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pyroptosis is a relatively newly discovered form of programmed cell death that plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. Many studies have reported that lncRNAs participated in the regulation of atherosclerosis development. However, the regulatory mechanism of lncRNAs in pyroptosis must be studied further. METHODS: In a previous study, microarray analysis was used to detect the lncRNA expression profile in three human advanced atherosclerotic plaques and three normal arterial intimae. In the present research, in vitro assays were performed to investigate the role of lncRNA RP11-490M8.1 on pyroptosis. The relative gene mRNA and lncRNA expression levels were tested by quantitative real-time PCR, and protein levels were evaluated by western blot analysis. The RNA hybrid structure was analyzed using the DINAMelt server. RESULTS: The lncRNA RP11-490M8.1 was significantly downregulated in atherosclerotic plaques and serum. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) markedly reduced the expression of lncRNA RP11-490M8.1 and induced pyroptosis by increasingthe mRNA and protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC, IL-1ß, and IL-18 in HUVECs. The promotion effects ofLPS on pyroptosis were markedly suppressed by overexpression of lncRNA RP11-490M8.1. In addition, LPS increased the mRNA and protein levels ofTLR4 and NF-κB, which was also markedly offsetby overexpression of lncRNA RP11-490M8.1. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicated that lncRNA RP11-490M8.1 inhibited LPS-induced pyroptosis via the TLR4/NF-κB pathway. Thus, lncRNA RP11-490M8.1 may provide a therapeutic target to ameliorate atherosclerosis.

19.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 5835-5843, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557034

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is among the most prevalent cancers globally. As such, there is a need to explore the mechanism underlying its pathogenesis and identify potential biomarkers for its prognosis. Methods: ONCOMINE was used to screen differentially expressed genes between GC and normal gastric mucosa. GEPIA was used to analyze the expression and correlation of candidate genes in tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage. STRING was used to construct protein interaction network. Kaplan-Meier plotter was used to analyze survival. TIMER was used to evaluate the association between candidate genes and immune cell infiltration. Results: From the ONCOMINE database, we found COL1A1, COL1A2, COL6A3, and SULF1 genes were significantly upregulated in stomach adenocarcinomas. There was a considerable correlation between the expression of COL1A1 (p = 0.029), COL1A2 (p = 0.004), COL6A3 (p = 0.002), SULF1 (p = 0.001), and the TNM stage. COL1A1 was positively correlated with ERBB2 (R = -0.037, p = 0.46), while the other three genes were negatively correlated with ERBB2 (p > 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier plotter showed that low transcriptional levels of COL1A1 (p = 0.0020), COL1A2 (p = 0.0015), COL6A3 (p = 0.0015), and SULF1 (p = 0.0016) in gastric cancer patients were remarkably related to longer overall survival. In addition, there was a close relationship between chemokine expression and infiltration of the six immune cell types: B cells, macrophages, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, dendritic cells, and neutrophils, implying that the genes acted as indicators of both prognosis and immune status. Conclusion: Our findings implicate COL1A1, COL1A2, COL6A3, and SULF1 as candidate biomarkers for the prognosis of gastric cancer.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 722638, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526901

RESUMO

Aims: Influenced by microenvironment, human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) acquired fibrotic phenotype, which was identified as the protagonist for peritoneal fibrosis. In this study, we examined the role of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) for interleukin-6 (IL-6) induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), proliferation, and migration of HPMCs. Methods: The role of HDAC6 in IL-6-elicited EMT of HPMCs was tested by morphological observation of light microscope, immunoblotting, and immune-fluorescence assay; and the function of HDAC6 in proliferation and migration of HPMCs was examined by CCK-8 assay, wound healing experiment, and immunoblotting. Results: IL-6 stimulation significantly increased the expression of HDAC6. Treatment with tubastatin A (TA), a highly selective HDAC6 inhibitor, or silencing of HDAC6 with siRNA decreased the expression of HDAC6. Moreover, TA or HDAC6 siRNA suppressed IL-6-induced EMT, as evidenced by decreased expressions of α-SMA, Fibronectin, and collagen I and the preserved expression of E-cadherin in cultured HPMCs. Mechanistically, HDAC6 inhibition suppressed the expression of transforming growth factor ß (TGFß) receptor I (TGFßRI), phosphorylation of Smad3, secretion of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and transcription factor Snail. On the other hand, the pharmacological inhibition or genetic target of HDAC6 suppressed HPMCs proliferation, as evidenced by the decreased optical density of CCK-8 and the expressions of PCNA and Cyclin E. The migratory rate of HPMCs also decreased. Mechanistically, HDAC6 inhibition blocked the activation of JAK2 and STAT3. Conclusion: Our study illustrated that IL-6-induced HDAC6 not only regulated IL-6 itself downstream JAK2/STAT3 signaling but also co-activated the TGF-ß/Smad3 signaling, leading to the change of the phenotype and mobility of HPMCs. HDAC6 could be a potential therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of peritoneal fibrosis.

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