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1.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 153, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is characterized by an imbalance in bone homeostasis, resulting in the excessive dissolution of bone minerals due to the acidified microenvironment mediated by overactive osteoclasts. Oroxylin A (ORO), a natural flavonoid, has shown potential in reversing osteoporosis by inhibiting osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. The limited water solubility and lack of targeting specificity hinder the effective accumulation of Oroxylin A within the pathological environment of osteoporosis. RESULTS: Osteoclasts' microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles are prepared by incorporating Oroxylin A with amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) and coated with glutamic acid hexapeptide-modified phospholipids, aiming at reinforcing the drug delivery efficiency as well as therapeutic effect. The obtained smart nanoparticles, coined as OAPLG, could instantly neutralize acid and release Oroxylin A in the extracellular microenvironment of osteoclasts. The combination of Oroxylin A and ACC synergistically inhibits osteoclast formation and activity, leading to a significant reversal of systemic bone loss in the ovariectomized mice model. CONCLUSION: The work highlights an intelligent nanoplatform based on ACC for spatiotemporally controlled release of lipophilic drugs, and illustrates prominent therapeutic promise against osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoporose , Camundongos , Animais , Osteoclastos , Nanomedicina , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Diferenciação Celular
2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(11): 1556-1571, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B cirrhosis (HBC) is a chronic disease characterized by irreversible diffuse liver damage and aggravated by intestinal microbial imbalance and metabolic dysfunction. Although the relationship between certain single probiotics and HBC has been explored, the impact of the complex ready-to-eat Lactobacillus paracasei N1115 (LP N1115) supplement on patients with HBC has not been determined. AIM: To compare the changes in the microbiota, inflammatory factor levels, and liver function before and after probiotic treatment in HBC patients. METHODS: This study included 160 HBC patients diagnosed at the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University between October 2018 and December 2020. Patients were randomly divided into an intervention group that received LP N1115 supplementation and routine treatment and a control group that received routine treatment only. Fecal samples were collected at the onset and conclusion of the 12-wk intervention period. The structure of the intestinal microbiota and the levels of serological indicators, such as liver function and inflammatory factors, were assessed. RESULTS: Following LP N1115 intervention, the intestinal microbial diversity significantly increased in the intervention group (P < 0.05), and the structure of the intestinal microbiota was characterized by an increase in the proportions of probiotic microbes and a reduction in harmful bacteria. Additionally, the intervention group demonstrated notable improvements in liver function indices and significantly lower levels of inflammatory factors (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: LP N1115 is a promising treatment for ameliorating intestinal microbial imbalance in HBC patients by modulating the structure of the intestinal microbiota, improving liver function, and reducing inflammatory factor levels.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatite B , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(5): 1266-1274, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621974

RESUMO

This paper investigates the intervention effect and mechanism of Banxia Xiexin Decoction(BXD) on colitis-associated colorectal cancer(CAC) infected with Fusobacterium nucleatum(Fn). C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into a control group, Fn group, CAC group [azoxymethane(AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium salt(DSS)](AOM/DSS), model group, and BXD group. Except for the control and AOM/DSS groups, the mice in the other groups were orally administered with Fn suspension twice a week. The AOM/DSS group, model group, and BXD group were also injected with a single dose of 10 mg·kg~(-1) AOM combined with three cycles of 2.5% DSS taken intragastrically. The BXD group received oral administration of BXD starting from the second cycle until the end of the experiment. The general condition and weight changes of the mice were monitored during the experiment, and the disease activity index(DAI) was calculated. At the end of the experiment, the colon length and weight of the mice in each group were compared. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes in the colon tissue. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin(IL)-2, IL-4, and IL-6 inflammatory factors in the serum. Immunohistochemistry(IHC) was used to detect the expression of Ki67, E-cadherin, and ß-catenin in the colon tissue. Western blot was used to detect the protein content of Wnt3a, ß-catenin, E-cadherin, annexin A1, cyclin D1, and glycogen synthase kinase-3ß(GSK-3ß) in the colon tissue. The results showed that compared with the control group, the Fn group had no significant lesions. The mice in the AOM/DSS group and model group had decreased body weight, increased DAI scores, significantly increased colon weight, and significantly shortened colon length, with more significant lesions in the model group. At the same time, the colon histology of the model group showed more severe adenomas, inflammatory infiltration, and cellular dysplasia. The levels of IL-4 and IL-6 in the serum were significantly increased, while the IL-2 content was significantly decreased. The IHC results showed low expression of E-cadherin and high expression of Ki67 and ß-catenin in the model group, with a decreased protein content of E-cadherin and GSK-3ß and an increased protein content of Wnt3a, ß-catenin, annexin A1, and cyclin D1. After intervention with BXD, the body weight of the mice increased; the DAI score decreased; the colon length increased, and the tumor decreased. The histopathology showed reduced tumor proliferation and reduced inflammatory infiltration. The levels of IL-6 and IL-4 in the serum were significantly decreased, while the IL-2 content was increased. Meanwhile, the expression of E-cadherin was upregulated, and that of Ki67 and ß-catenin was downregulated. The protein content of E-cadherin and GSK-3ß increased, while that of Wnt3a, ß-catenin, annexin A1, and cyclin D1 decreased. In conclusion, BXD can inhibit CAC infected with Fn, and its potential mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Fn binding to E-cadherin, the decrease in annexin A1 protein level, and the regulation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.

4.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622816

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency among the clinical model, the radiomics model and the nomogram that combined radiomics features, frozen section (FS) analysis and clinical characteristics for the prediction of lymph node (LN) metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). METHODS: A total of 208 patients were randomly divided into two groups randomly with a proportion of 7:3 for the training groups (n = 146) and the validation groups (n = 62). The Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) regression was used for the selection of radiomics features extracted from ultrasound (US) images. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to select predictors associated with the status of LN. The clinical model, radiomics model and nomogram were subsequently established by logistic regression machine learning. The area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity were used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the different models. The Delong test was used to compare the AUC of the three models. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis indicated that age, size group, Adler grade, ACR score and the psammoma body group were independent predictors of lymph node metastasis (LNM). The results showed that in both the training and validation groups, the nomogram showed better performance than the clinical model, albeit not statistically significant (p > .05), and significantly outperformed the radiomics model (p < .05). However, the nomogram exhibits a slight improvement in sensitivity that could reduce the incidence of false negatives. CONCLUSION: We propose that the nomogram holds substantial promise as an effective tool for predicting LNM in patients with PTC.

5.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 1323-1332, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585416

RESUMO

Purpose: To understand the epidemiology and clinical features of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) infection in hospitalized neonates due to vertical transmission from mother to child. Methods: Respiratory secretions were collected from neonates hospitalized in the neonatology department of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province from July 2020 to June 2022, and PCR was used to detect UU-DNA in respiratory secretions. The neonates were divided into UU-positive and UU-negative groups, the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of two groups, were statistically analyzed. Results: A total of 7257 hospitalized neonates were included in this study, of whom 561 were UU positive and 6696 were UU negative, with a UU detection rate of 7.73%. The detection rate among female neonates was higher than male neonates, and the highest detection rate was found in the period from 1-7 days after birth; the detection rate was highest in spring and fall, and the lowest in winter, but the overall difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Compared with the UU-negative group, neonates in the UU-positive group were more likely to be preterm, have a lower birth weight, be delivered vaginally, and have maternal preterm rupture of membranes. In addition, neonates in the UU-positive group were more likely to be co-infected with pathogens and to have complications related to UU infections, which were all statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Neonatal UU infections are detected more frequently in female infants, with the highest detection rate occurring in 1-7 days after birth, and the most prevalent periods for infection being spring and fall. Vaginal delivery and premature rupture of membranes may lead to an increased risk of vertical UU transmission from mother to child, and UU infection is strongly associated with preterm labor, low birth weight, pathogen co-infection, and related complications.

6.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592428

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most prevalent and lethal subtype of kidney cancer, patients with ccRCC usually have very poor prognosis and short survival. Therefore, it is urgent to develop more effective therapeutics or medications to suppress ccRCC progression. Here, we demonstrated that STING agonist, MSA-2 significantly inhibits tumor progress and prolongs the survival of ccRCC mice by promoting cytokines secretion. Moreover, MSA-2 triggered the trafficking and infiltration of CD8+ T cells, supported by the generation of a chemokine milieu that promoted recruitment and modulation of the immunosuppressive TME in ccRCC. These findings suggest that MSA-2 potentially serves an effective and preferable adjuvant immunotherapy of ccRCC.

7.
Am J Cancer Res ; 14(3): 1353-1362, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590416

RESUMO

The challenge of methotrexate (MTX) resistance among low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) patients has always been prominent. Despite the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) score of 0-4 patients comprising the majority of low-risk GTN patients, a comprehensive exploration of the prevalence and risk factors associated with MTX resistance has been limited. Therefore, we aimed to identify associated risk factors in GTN patients with a FIGO score of 0-4. Between January 2005 and December 2020, 310 low-risk GTN patients received primary MTX chemotherapy in two hospitals, with 265 having a FIGO score of 0-4. In the FIGO 0-4 subgroup, 94 (35.5%) were resistant to MTX chemotherapy, and 34 (12.8%) needed multi-agent chemotherapy. Clinicopathologic diagnosis of postmolar choriocarcinoma (OR = 17.18, 95% CI: 4.64-63.70, P < 0.001) and higher pretreatment human chorionic gonadotropin concentration on a logarithmic scale (log-hCG concentration) (OR = 18.11, 95% CI: 3.72-88.15, P < 0.001) were identified as independent risk factors associated with MTX resistance according to multivariable logistic regression. The decision tree model and regression model were developed to predict the risk of MTX resistance in GTN patients with a FIGO score of 0-4. Evaluation of model discrimination, calibration and net benefit revealed the superiority of the decision tree model, which comprised clinicopathologic diagnosis and pretreatment hCG concentration. The patients in the high- and medium-risk groups of the decision tree model had a higher probability of MTX resistance. This study represents the investigation into MTX resistance in GTN patients with a FIGO score of 0-4 and disclosed a remission rate of approximately 65% with MTX chemotherapy. Higher pretreatment hCG concentration and clinicopathologic diagnosis of postmolar choriocarcinoma were independent risk factors associated with resistance to MTX chemotherapy. The decision tree model demonstrated enhanced predictive capabilities regarding the risk of MTX resistance and can serve as a valuable tool to guide the clinical treatment decisions for GTN patients with a FIGO score of 0-4.

8.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1322731, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562417

RESUMO

Purpose: Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) has been reported in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). This study aimed to investigate the correlation of TERT promoter mutations with clinical and ultrasound (US) features in PTC and to develop a model to predict TERT promoter mutations. Methods: Preoperative US images, postoperative pathological features, and TERT promoter mutation information were evaluated in 365 PTC patients confirmed by surgery. Univariate and multivariate factor analyses were performed to identify risk factors for TERT promoter mutations. A predictive model was established to assess the clinical predictive value. Results: Of the 365 patients with PTC (498 nodules), the number of those with TERT promoter mutations was 67 cases (75 nodules), and the number of those without mutations was 298 cases (423 nodules). The median age was 40 years in the wild-type group and 60 years in the mutant group. Male patients made up 35.82% of the mutant group and 22.82% of the wild-type group. Multivariate analysis revealed that the independent risk factors associated with the occurrence of TERT promoter mutation in PTC were as follows: older age (odds ratio (OR) = 1.07; p = 0.002), maximum diameter of ≥ 10 mm (OR = 3.94; p < 0.0001), unilateral (OR = 4.15; p < 0.0001), multifocal (OR = 7.69; p < 0.0001), adjacent to the thyroid capsule (OR = 1.94; p = 0.044), and accompanied by other benign nodules (OR = 1.94, p = 0.039). A predictive model was established, and the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic was 0.839. TERT promoter mutations were associated with high-risk US and clinical features compared with the wild-type group. Conclusion: TERT promoter mutations were associated with older ages. They were also found to be multifocal, with a maximum diameter of ≥ 10 mm, unilateral, adjacent to the thyroid capsule, and accompanied by other benign nodules. The predictive model was of high diagnostic value.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Telomerase , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Papilar/genética , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Mutação , Telomerase/genética
9.
AIDS Behav ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570384

RESUMO

Understanding the dose‒response relationship between patient engagement in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and health outcomes is critical for developing and implementing effective CBT programs. In studies of CBT interventions, patient engagement is measured only at a single time point, and outcomes are typically assessed before and after the intervention. Examination of the dose‒response relationship between patient engagement in CBT and outcomes is limited. It is unclear whether a dose‒response relationship exists between patient engagement in on-site CBT intervention and anxiety and depression in people living with HIV (PLWH). If present, does this dose‒response relationship occur early or later in the intervention? This study aimed to address this gap by examining the dose‒response relationships between patient engagement and anxiety and depression in CBT interventions among PLWH. Utilizing data from a pilot randomized trial (10 participants) and a clinical controlled trial (70 participants), our secondary analysis spans baseline, 3-month, and 6-month assessments. Both trials implemented the nurse-led CBT intervention. Cluster analysis identified two groups based on on-site attendance and WeChat activity. Patients with good adherence (6-10 times) of on-site attendance exhibited significantly lower anxiety and depression scores at 3 months (ß = 1.220, P = 0.047; ß = 1.270, P = 0.019), with no significant differences observed at 6 months. WeChat activity did not significantly influence anxiety or depression scores. The findings highlight a significant short-term dose‒response relationship, endorsing nurse-led CBT interventions for mental health in PLWH. Organizational strategies should focus on incentivizing and facilitating patient engagement, particularly through enhancing WeChat features.

10.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 156, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589867

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of cancer. However, its efficacy remains to be optimized. There are at least two major challenges in effectively eradicating cancer cells by immunotherapy. Firstly, cancer cells evade immune cell killing by down-regulating cell surface immune sensors. Secondly, immune cell dysfunction impairs their ability to execute anti-cancer functions. Radiotherapy, one of the cornerstones of cancer treatment, has the potential to enhance the immunogenicity of cancer cells and trigger an anti-tumor immune response. Inspired by this, we fabricate biofunctionalized liposome-like nanovesicles (BLNs) by exposing irradiated-cancer cells to ethanol, of which ethanol serves as a surfactant, inducing cancer cells pyroptosis-like cell death and facilitating nanovesicles shedding from cancer cell membrane. These BLNs are meticulously designed to disrupt both of the aforementioned mechanisms. On one hand, BLNs up-regulate the expression of calreticulin, an "eat me" signal on the surface of cancer cells, thus promoting macrophage phagocytosis of cancer cells. Additionally, BLNs are able to reprogram M2-like macrophages into an anti-cancer M1-like phenotype. Using a mouse model of malignant pleural effusion (MPE), an advanced-stage and immunotherapy-resistant cancer model, we demonstrate that BLNs significantly increase T cell infiltration and exhibit an ablative effect against MPE. When combined with PD-1 inhibitor (α-PD-1), we achieve a remarkable 63.6% cure rate (7 out of 11) among mice with MPE, while also inducing immunological memory effects. This work therefore introduces a unique strategy for overcoming immunotherapy resistance.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Imunoterapia , Etanol/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
11.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 17: 1487-1498, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601262

RESUMO

Purpose: As of the end of 2022, over 20 million women worldwide, aged 15 and above, are living with HIV. Stigma remains a formidable barrier for women living with HIV/AIDS, hindering their access to healthcare and exacerbating health disparities. Indeed, some women living with HIV/AIDS can successfully confront and overcome stigma. There remains a paucity of qualitative research exploring the stigma coping strategies of women living with HIV/AIDS in China. This study was aimed to gain the deeper understanding of stigma experienced by women living with HIV/AIDS and coping strategies. Patients and Methods: We recruited diverse participants using snowball sampling and purposive sampling. Semi-structured personal in-depth interviews were conducted with 30 women living with HIV/AIDS from December 2022 to June 2023. The samples were from four HIV/AIDS designated hospitals. The data were analyzed using the Colaizzi seven-step model. Results: The experiences of stigma among women living with HIV/AIDS included family role (wife/mother/grandmother) collapse and disgusted by family, resignation in being shunned by others, helplessness due to social exclusion, grief at being devaluated, and resentment for experiencing injustice. The coping strategies used to deal with stigma included concealing their conditions, avoiding socialization, and attempting to retaliate against society. Conclusion: Healthcare professionals are recommended to offer women living with HIV/AIDS effective emotional support and guidance to cope with stigma. The study highlights the stigma they face, providing valuable evidence for policymakers. Recommendations emphasize the importance of developing services addressing both physical and psychological needs of women living with HIV/AIDS.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454774

RESUMO

CircRNA is stable due to its ring structure and is abundant in humans, which not only exists in various tissues and biofluids steadily but also plays a significant role in the physiology and pathology of human beings. CircPVT1, an endogenous circRNA, has recently been identified from the PVT1 gene located in the cancer risk region 8q24. CircPVT1 is reported to be highly expressed in many different tumors, where it affects tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration. We summarize the biosynthesis and biological functions of circPVT1 and analyze the relationship between circPVT1 and tumors as well as its significance to tumors. Further, it's noteworthy for the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of cancer patients. Therefore, circPVT1 is likely to become an innovative tumor marker.

14.
Bioinformatics ; 40(4)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514400

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Large Language Models (LLMs) have the potential to revolutionize the field of Natural Language Processing, excelling not only in text generation and reasoning tasks but also in their ability for zero/few-shot learning, swiftly adapting to new tasks with minimal fine-tuning. LLMs have also demonstrated great promise in biomedical and healthcare applications. However, when it comes to Named Entity Recognition (NER), particularly within the biomedical domain, LLMs fall short of the effectiveness exhibited by fine-tuned domain-specific models. One key reason is that NER is typically conceptualized as a sequence labeling task, whereas LLMs are optimized for text generation and reasoning tasks. RESULTS: We developed an instruction-based learning paradigm that transforms biomedical NER from a sequence labeling task into a generation task. This paradigm is end-to-end and streamlines the training and evaluation process by automatically repurposing pre-existing biomedical NER datasets. We further developed BioNER-LLaMA using the proposed paradigm with LLaMA-7B as the foundational LLM. We conducted extensive testing on BioNER-LLaMA across three widely recognized biomedical NER datasets, consisting of entities related to diseases, chemicals, and genes. The results revealed that BioNER-LLaMA consistently achieved higher F1-scores ranging from 5% to 30% compared to the few-shot learning capabilities of GPT-4 on datasets with different biomedical entities. We show that a general-domain LLM can match the performance of rigorously fine-tuned PubMedBERT models and PMC-LLaMA, biomedical-specific language model. Our findings underscore the potential of our proposed paradigm in developing general-domain LLMs that can rival SOTA performances in multi-task, multi-domain scenarios in biomedical and health applications. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: Datasets and other resources are available at https://github.com/BIDS-Xu-Lab/BioNER-LLaMA.


Assuntos
Camelídeos Americanos , Aprendizado Profundo , Animais , Idioma , Processamento de Linguagem Natural
15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2308205, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482978

RESUMO

Developing cost-efficient trifunctional catalysts capable of facilitating hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity is essential for the progression of energy devices. Engineering these catalysts to optimize their active sites and integrate them into a cohesive system presents a significant challenge. This study introduces a nanoflower (NFs)-like carbon-encapsulated FeNiPt nanoalloy catalyst (FeNiPt@C NFs), synthesized by substituting Co2+ ions with high-spin Fe2+ ions in Hofmann-type metal-organic framework, followed by carbonization and pickling processes. The FeNiPt@C NFs catalyst, characterized by its nitrogen-doped carbon-encapsulated metal alloy structure and phase-segregated FeNiPt alloy with slight surface oxidization, exhibits excellent trifunctional catalytic performance. This is evidenced by its activities in HER (-25 mV at 10 mA cm-2 ), ORR (half-wave potential of 0.93 V), and OER (294 mV at 10 mA cm-2 ), with the enhanced water oxidation activity attributed to the high-spin state of the Fe element. Consequently, the Zn-air battery and anion exchange membrane water electrolyzer assembled by FeNiPt@C NFs catalyst demonstrate remarkable power density (168 mW cm-2 ) and industrial-scale current density (698 mA cm-2 at 1.85 V), respectively. This innovative integration of multifunctional catalytic sites paves the way for the advancement of sustainable energy systems.

16.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 1429-1441, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444638

RESUMO

Objective: We aim to identify the clinical phenotypes of immunocompromised patients with pneumonia-related ARDS, to investigate the lung microbiota signatures and the outcomes of different phenotypes, and finally, to develop a machine learning classifier for a specified phenotype. Methods: This prospective study included immunocompromised patients with pneumonia-related ARDS. We identified phenotypes using hierarchical clustering to analyze clinical variables and serum cytokine levels. We then compared outcomes and lung microbiota signatures between phenotypes. Based on lung microbiota markers, we developed a random forest classifier for a specified phenotype with worse outcomes. Results: This study included 92 patients, who were divided into three phenotypes, namely "type α" (N = 33), "type ß" (N = 12), and "type γ" (N = 47). Compared to type α or type ß, patients with type γ had no obvious inflammatory presentation and had significantly lower IL-6 levels and more severe oxygenation failure. Type γ was also related to higher 30-day mortality and lower ventilator free days. The microbiota signatures of type γ were characterized by lower alpha diversity and distinct compositions than those of other patients. We developed a lung microbiota-derived random forest model to differentiate patients with type γ from other phenotypes. Conclusion: Immunocompromised patients with pneumonia-related ARDS can be clustered into three clinical phenotypes, namely type α, type ß, and type γ. Phenotypes were distinguished from each other with different outcomes and lung microbiota signatures. Type γ, which was characterized by insufficient inflammation response and worse outcomes, can be detected with a random forest model based on lung microbiota markers.

17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Glob ; 3(2): 100221, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445234

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of allergic disease remains high, and many studies have focused on the association between food diversity in infancy and allergic disease later in life, but their conclusions are still controversial. Objective: We aimed to synthesize the literature on the association between childhood diet diversity and atopic disease. Methods: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Scopus, VPCS, and Wanfang databases for studies about food diversity and atopic disease. Seventeen high-quality studies, 14 cohort studies, and 1 case-control study were included from 5244 studies with sample sizes ranging from 100 to 5225. Results: All high-quality cohort studies showed that increasing food diversity in infancy can effectively prevent the occurrence of food allergies (5/5). Moderate evidence showed that increased food diversity reduced the risk of asthma (4/6), food sensitization (3/5), and atopic dermatitis (3/5). However, its effect on eczema (5), allergic rhinitis (4), and other diseases remains controversial. Conclusions: Increasing food diversity during infancy is a potential method for preventing food allergy, asthma, atopic dermatitis, and food sensitization later in life. There is little or no comparative evidence about the protective effect of food diversity on other atopic diseases.

18.
Prev Med Rep ; 40: 102667, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450207

RESUMO

Background: Although workplace violence is prevalent in the healthcare system, the relationship between workplace violence, job satisfaction, and burnout among healthcare workers (HCWs) in mobile cabin hospitals in China during the COVID-19 pandemic has not yet been investigated. This study analyzes the mediating effects of perceived stress and work environment in the relationship between workplace violence, job satisfaction, and burnout. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2022 on 1,199 frontline HCWs working in mobile cabin hospitals in Chongqing, China, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Multiple linear regression and mediation analysis were performed. Results: A positive correlation was observed between workplace violence and burnout (r = 0.420, P < 0.01) and perceived stress (r = 0.524, P < 0.01), and a negative correlation was observed with job satisfaction (r = -0.254, P < 0.01). The perceived stress was positively correlated with burnout (r = 0.528, P < 0.01) and negatively with job satisfaction (r = -0.397, P < 0.01). Job satisfaction was negatively correlated with burnout (r = -0.300, P < 0.01). Perceived stress plays a significant mediating role between workplace violence and job burnout and between workplace violence and job satisfaction. The work environment has a significant moderating effect between workplace violence and job burnout and between workplace violence and job satisfaction. Conclusion: To reduce burnout among HCWs, hospital administrators should focus on reducing the incidence of workplace violence and perceived stress from work and on improving the work environment and job satisfaction.

19.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(5)2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475487

RESUMO

TCP transcription factors play a key role in regulating various developmental processes, particularly in shoot branching, flower development, and leaf development, and these factors are exclusively found in plants. However, comprehensive studies investigating TCP transcription factors in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) are lacking. In this study, we identified 27 CaTCP members in the pepper genome, which were classified into Class I and Class II through phylogenetic analysis. The motif analysis revealed that CaTCPs in the same class exhibit similar numbers and distributions of motifs. We predicted that 37 previously reported miRNAs target 19 CaTCPs. The expression levels of CaTCPs varied in various tissues and growth stages. Specifically, CaTCP16, a member of Class II (CIN), exhibited significantly high expression in flowers. Class I CaTCPs exhibited high expression levels in leaves, while Class II CaTCPs showed high expression in lateral branches, especially in the CYC/TB1 subclass. The expression profile suggests that CaTCPs play specific roles in the developmental processes of pepper. We provide a theoretical basis that will assist in further functional validation of the CaTCPs.

20.
Anal Sci ; 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483788

RESUMO

In this paper, we optimized a method for fast and accurate determination of five impurity elements (As, Sb, Bi, Se, and Ge) in graphite samples to overcome the shortcomings of existing methods, such as complicated equipment, cumbersome process, multiple-time preparation, separate determination, and large error in results. Graphite samples were digested with HNO3-H2SO4-HClO4-HF in a high-temperature and high-pressure microwave digestion apparatus, and the elements were extracted and determined separately by AFS (atomic fluorescence spectrometry). There is no element loss during the processing and analysis of this method. The spike recoveries (As: 90.30%-102.3%, Sb: 90.73%-110.0%, Bi: 90.00%-99.67%, Se: 93.33%-110.0%, Ge: 92.26%-104.2%) and precision (RSD%; As: 1.34%-8.96%, Sb: 2.67%-7.10%, Bi: 1.83%-4.58%, Se: 0.36%-3.25%, Ge: 4.41%-8.65%) meet the requirements of the corresponding quality specifications. The method has some advantages (such as no elemental loss, fast testing, strong element targeting, and accurate results), and thus can achieve batch determination of graphite samples. The optimized method for graphite sample and final solution preparations can be used for diverse spectrometric technologies, and that for spectrometer conditions have reference value for HG-AFS instruments.

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