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1.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089542

RESUMO

Anthropogenic nitrogen (N) emissions and deposition have been increasing over past decades. However, spatiotemporal variations of N deposition levels and major sources remain unclear in many regions, which hinders making strategies of emission mitigation and evaluating effects of elevated N deposition. By investigating moss N contents and δ15 N values in southwestern China in 1954-1964, 1970-1994, and 2005-2015, we reconstructed fluxes and source contributions of atmospheric ammonium (NH4 + ) and nitrate (NO3 - ) deposition and their historical changes. Moss N contents did not differ between 1954-1964 and 1970-1994 (1.2%-1.3%) but increased distinctly in 2005-2015 (1.6%-2.2%) on average. Moss δ15 N values decreased from +0.4‰-+3.3‰ in 1954-1964 to -1.9‰--0.7‰ in 1974-1990, and to -2.9‰ in 2005-2015 on average. Based on quantitative estimations, N deposition levels from the 1950s to the 2000s did not change in the earlier 20 years but were elevated substantially in the later 30 years. Moreover, the elevation of NH4 + deposition (by 12.2 kg-N/ha/yr at urban sites and 4.6 kg-N/ha/yr at non-urban sties) was higher than that of NO3 - deposition (by 6.0 kg-N/ha/yr and 2.9 kg-N/ha/yr, respectively) in the later 30 years. This caused a shifted dominance from NO3 - to NH4 + in N deposition. Based on isotope source apportionments, contributions of combustion NH3 sources (vehicle exhausts, coal combustion, biomass burning) to the elevation of NH4 + deposition were two times higher than volatilization NH3 sources (wastes and fertilizers) in the later 30 years. Meanwhile, non-fossil fuel NOx sources (biomass burning, microbial N cycles) contributed generally more than fossil fuel NOx sources (vehicle exhausts, coal combustion) to the elevation of NO3 - deposition. These results revealed significant contributions of combustion NH3 and non-fossil fuel NOx emissions to the historical elevation of N deposition in southwestern China, which is useful for emission mitigation and ecological effect evaluation of atmospheric N loading.

2.
Eur J Med Chem ; 221: 113513, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000485

RESUMO

A series of novel α-l-threose nucleoside phosphonate analogs, 4(R)-methyl-3-O-phosphonomethyl-α-l-threose nucleosides, were synthesized in multistep sequences starting from d-xylose. The synthetic sequence consisted of the following key stages: (i) the multistep synthesis of 1,2-O-isopropylidenyl-4(R)-methyl-3-O-phosphonomethyl-l-threose, (ii) the transformation of 1,2-O-isopropylidenyl sugar into suitable 1,2-di-O-acyl l-threose precursor, and (iii) the construction of target α-l-threose nucleoside phosphonate analogs by Vorbrüggen glycosidation reaction, deprotection of acyl group, and hydrolysis of diethyl group on phosphonate. The target nucleoside phosphonates were evaluated for their antitumour activities in cell culture-based assays. Compound 8g, 2-fluroadenosine phosphonate, showed remarkable activity against human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) with IC50 values of 0.476 and 0.391 µM, corresponding to 41- and 47-fold higher potency than the reference compound 5-FU, respectively. Subsequent investigations found that the compound 8g can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells and cell cloning. The mechanistic studies indicated that compound 8g could cause DNA damage to breast cancer cells through the ATM-Chk1/Chk2-cdc25c pathway, leading to blockage of the G2/M phase cycle of breast cancer cells, which ultimately led to apoptosis. Moreover, 8g could inhibit the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and induce apoptosis. These results indicate that compound 8g holds promising potential as an antitumour agent.

3.
Biomolecules ; 11(5)2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947097

RESUMO

The receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are a large family of cell-surface receptors, which are essential components of signal transduction pathways. There are more than fifty human RTKs that can be grouped into multiple RTK subfamilies. RTKs mediate cellular signaling transduction, and they play important roles in the regulation of numerous cellular processes. The dysregulation of RTK signaling is related to various human diseases, including cancers. The proteolytic cleavage phenomenon has frequently been found among multiple receptor tyrosine kinases. More and more information about proteolytic cleavage in RTKs has been discovered, providing rich insight. In this review, we summarize research about different aspects of RTK cleavage, including its relation to cancer, to better elucidate this phenomenon. This review also presents proteolytic cleavage in various members of the RTKs.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9247541, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33959666

RESUMO

Atrioventricular block (AVB) is a leading cause of sudden cardiac death, and most of AVB cases are presented as autosomal dominant. The electrocardiogram of AVB patients presents an abnormal progressive cardiac conduction disorder between atria and ventricles. Transient receptor potential melastatin 4 (TRPM4) is a nonselective Ca2+-activated cation channel gene defined as a novel disease-causing gene of AVB. So far, 47 mutations of TRPM4 have been recorded in Human Gene Mutation Database. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between TRPM4 mutation and pathogenesis of AVB. We investigated a Chinese family with AVB by whole-exome sequencing. An arrhythmia-related gene filtering strategy was used to analyze the disease-causing mutations. Three different bioinformatics programs were used to predict the effects of the mutation result. A novel mutation of TRPM4 was identified (c.2455C>T/p.R819C) and cosegregated in the affected family members. The three bioinformatics programs predicted that the novel mutation may lead to damage. Our study will contribute to expand the spectrum of TRPM4 mutations and supply accurate genetic testing information for further research and the clinical therapy of AVB.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Atrioventricular/genética , Mutação/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPM/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990766

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade has shown significant clinical benefit in multiple cancer indications, but many patients are either refractory or become resistant to the treatment over time. HER2/neu oncogene overexpressed in invasive breast cancer patients associates with more aggressive diseases and poor prognosis. Anti-HER2 mAbs, such as trastuzumab, are currently the standard of care for HER2-overexpressing cancers, but the response rates are below 30% and patients generally suffer relapse within a year. In this study we developed a bispecific antibody (BsAb) simultaneously targeting both PD1 and HER2 in an attempt to combine HER2-targeted therapy with immune checkpoint blockade for treating HER2-positive solid tumors. The BsAb was constructed by fusing scFvs (anti-PD1) with the effector-functional Fc of an IgG (trastuzumab) via a flexible peptide linker. We showed that the BsAb bound to human HER2 and PD1 with high affinities (EC50 values were 0.2 and 0.14 nM, respectively), and exhibited potent antitumor activities in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the BsAb exhibited both HER2 and PD1 blockade activities and was effective in killing HER2-positive tumor cells via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In addition, the BsAb could crosslink HER2-positive tumor cells with T cells to form PD1 immunological synapses that directed tumor cell killing without the need of antigen presentation. Thus, the BsAb is a new promising approach for treating late-stage metastatic HER2-positive cancers.

6.
Results Phys ; : 104305, 2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002128

RESUMO

A mathematical model was developed to evaluate and compare the effects and intensity of the Coronavirus disease 2019 prevention and control measures in Chinese provinces. The time course of the disease with government intervention was described using a dynamic model. The estimated government intervention parameters and area difference between with and without intervention were considered as the intervention intensity and effect, respectively. The model of the disease time course without government intervention predicted that by April 30, 2020, about 3.08% of the population would have been diagnosed with Coronavirus disease 2019 in China. Guangdong Province averted the most cases. Comprehensive intervention measures, in which social distancing measures may have played a greater role than isolation measures, resulted in reduced infection cases. Shanghai had the highest intervention intensity. In the context of the global Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the prevention and control experience of some key areas in China (such as Shanghai and Guangdong) can provide references for outbreak control in many countries. Abbreviations COVID-19: Coronavirus disease 2019; WHO: World Health Organization; R0: basic reproduction number; CDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Rt: effective reproduction number; QR: healthy quick response; SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006102

RESUMO

Achieving a high-energy charge-transfer state (ECT) and concurrently reduced energy loss is of vital importance in boosting the open-circuit voltage (Voc) of organic solar cells (OSCs), but it is difficult to realize. We report herein a novel design tactic to achieve this goal by incorporating a three-dimensional (3D) shape-persistent norbornenyl group into the terminals of acceptor-donor-acceptor-type nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs). Compared with ITIC-based OSCs, norbornenyl-fused 1,1-dicyanomethylene-3-indanone (CBIC) terminals endow IDTT-CBIC-based OSCs with simultaneously higher ECT and lower radiative and non-radiative voltage loss, hence enhancing Voc by 90 mV. CBIC also improves the miscibility and modulates the molecular packing structures for efficient charge carrier transport and a better short-circuit current density in IDTT-CBIC-based OSCs. Consequently, the power conversion efficiency is improved by 22%, compared to that of the OSC based on ITIC. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the use of CBIC as the terminals is observed using different electron-donating cores. The utilization of the 3D shape-persistent building blocks represents a breakthrough in the design strategies for terminal groups toward efficient NFA-based OSCs with high Voc.

8.
Bioresour Technol ; 335: 125266, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020155

RESUMO

This study conducted life-cycle evaluation (on the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy consumption and economic performance) and sensitivity analysis in nine scenarios considering the deployment of conventional anoxic/oxic (AO) and/or sludge-minimizing (OSA, SOSA) bioprocess for sewage treatment linking with subsequent sludge handling. The analysis results demonstrated that compared with conventional AO-based scenarios, OSA- and SOSA-based scenarios reduced 23-28% GHG emissions (GHGs) and 18-24% cost, despite no significant electricity consumption reduction. The scenario analysis indicates renewable energy and improving energy consumption efficiency benefit the application of OSA and SOSA. The perturbation analysis revealed that the influential factors related to energy consumption were sensitive to GHGs, energy consumption and economic effects.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Anaerobiose , Animais , Eletricidade , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida
9.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949542

RESUMO

Doping engineering is an effective modification strategy to enhance the electrochemical performance of electrode materials. In this paper, the impacts of heteroatom doping in monolayer titanium disulfide (TiS2) by substituting the S atom with the heteroatoms (B, C, N, O, F, and P) on the adsorption and diffusion capabilities of alkali metals (Li, Na, and K) have been systematically investigated using first-principles calculations to evaluate the material performance for application in alkali metal-ion batteries. The doping of most heteroatoms can promote the adsorption capability of alkali metal atoms on monolayer TiS2 as their adsorption energies decrease compared with the pristine system, particularly for p-type doping with C, N, and P. The diffusion energy barriers decrease when alkali metals approach the doping site of most heteroatom-doped TiS2, and the barriers near the doping site are extremely small (0.00-0.08 eV), whereas they slightly increase as alkali metals move away from the doping site. P doping has the lowest overall diffusion energy barrier for each metal. Thus, monolayer TiS2 with heteroatom doping, especially P doping, can be used as a potential anode material for alkali metal-ion batteries. This study can help comprehend the impacts of heteroatom doping and design high-performance electrode materials for rechargeable batteries.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961387

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) MXenes, including carbides, nitrides, and carbonitrides MXene, have been proved to be a possible candidate as anode materials of sodium-ion batteries. This paper focuses on the electronic properties and the electrochemical performance of nitrides MXene. First, density functional theory simulations were utilized to disclose the geometric structure and electronic properties, Na diffusion path, and storage behaviors of titanium carbonitrides Ti3CNTx, nitrides MXene Ti3N2Tx, and carbides MXene Ti3C2Tx with oxygen terminations, predicting the more excellent performance of Ti3N2O2 than Ti3C2O2. Also, then the structure characterization and electrochemical performance experiments of Ti3C2Tx and Ti3CNTx were conducted to verify the theoretical predictions and test the cycling performances. The superior performance of Ti3N2O2 originates from the stronger connection of O-Ti-N than that of O-Ti-C, resulting in the stackings of Ti3N2O2 being tighter and the interlayer spacings being larger than that of Ti3C2O2, which is advantageous to sodiation and desodiation. The capacity of Ti3CNTx increased again to 145 mAh/g after 35 cycles at a current density of 20 mA/g, which demonstrated a better rate performance than Ti3C2Tx corroborated by the diffusion barriers of the theoretical calculation results. Ti3CNTx exhibits a good cycling performance of 110 mAh/g (≈60% of the initial value) after 200 cycles, which is better than that of 87 mAh/g (≈51% of the initial value) of Ti3C2Tx. It is worth noting that all these performances ensure that nitride MXene is more suitable as the anode material of Na-ion batteries than carbide MXene. These findings are conducive to expanding the MXene family and promoting their application in energy storage applications.

11.
Cereb Cortex ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836056

RESUMO

The relationship between structural changes of the cerebral cortex revealed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and gene expression in the human fetal brain has not been explored. In this study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that relative regional thickness (a measure of cortical evolving organization) of fetal cortical compartments (cortical plate [CP] and subplate [SP]) is associated with expression levels of genes with known cortical phenotype. Mean regional SP/CP thickness ratios across age measured on in utero MRI of 25 healthy fetuses (20-33 gestational weeks [GWs]) were correlated with publicly available regional gene expression levels (23-24 GW fetuses). Larger SP/CP thickness ratios (more pronounced cortical evolving organization) was found in perisylvian regions. Furthermore, we found a significant association between SP/CP thickness ratio and expression levels of the FLNA gene (mutated in periventricular heterotopia, congenital heart disease, and vascular malformations). Further work is needed to identify early MRI biomarkers of gene expression that lead to abnormal cortical development.

13.
Water Res ; 198: 117155, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915406

RESUMO

Recently, the integration of sulfur-driven denitrification and anammox process has been extensively studied as a promising alternative nitrogen removal technology. Most of these studies investigated the process feasibility and monitored the community dynamics. However, an in-depth understanding of this new sulfur-nitrogen cycle bioprocess based on mathematical modeling and elucidation of complex interactions among different microorganisms has not yet been achieved. To fill this gap, we developed a kinetic model (with 7 bioprocesses, 12 variables, and 19 parameters) to assess the sulfur(thiosulfate)-driven denitrification and anammox (TDDA) process in a single reactor. The parameters used in this process were separately estimated by fitting the data obtained from the experiments. Then, the model was further validated under different conditions, and the results demonstrated that the developed model could describe the dynamic behaviors of nitrogen and sulfur conversions in the TDDA system. The newly developed branched thiosulfate oxidation model was also verified by conducting a metagenomics analysis. Using the developed model, we i) examined the interactions between sulfur-oxidizing bacteria and anammox bacteria at steady-state conditions with varying substrates to demonstrate the reliability of TDDA, and ii) evaluated the feasibility and operation of the TDDA process in terms of practical implementation. Our results will benefit further exploration of the significance of this novel S-N cycle bioprocess and guide its future applications.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Tiossulfatos , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esgotos , Águas Residuárias/análise
14.
Food Chem ; 356: 129704, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33831827

RESUMO

The postharvest senescence accompanied by yellowing limited the shelf-life of broccoli. In this study, we developed a novel W/O/W double emulsion co-delivering brassinolide and cinnamon essential oil and applied it to broccoli for preservation. Results showed that double emulsion prepared by whey protein concentrate-high methoxyl pectin (1:3) exhibited best storage stability with largest particle size (581.30 nm), lowest PDI (0.23) and zeta potential (-40.31 mV). This double emulsion also exhibited highest encapsulation efficiency of brassinolide (92%) and cinnamon essential oil (88%). The broccoli coated with double emulsion maintained higher chlorophyll contents and activities of chlorophyllase and magnesium-dechelatase were reduced by 9% and 24%, respectively. The energy metabolic enzymes (SDH, CCO, H+-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase) were also activated, inducing higher level of ATP and energy charge. These results demonstrated W/O/W double emulsion co-delivering brassinolide and cinnamon essential delayed the senescence of broccoli via regulating chlorophyll degradation and energy metabolism.


Assuntos
Brassica/metabolismo , Brassinosteroides/química , Clorofila/metabolismo , Emulsões/química , Metabolismo Energético , Óleos Voláteis/química , Esteroides Heterocíclicos/química , Adenosina Trifosfatases/química , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Brassica/efeitos dos fármacos , Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Brassinosteroides/farmacologia , Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico/antagonistas & inibidores , Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico/metabolismo , Cinnamomum zeylanicum/metabolismo , Emulsões/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Enzimas/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Óleos Voláteis/metabolismo , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Esteroides Heterocíclicos/metabolismo , Esteroides Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Viscosidade
15.
Neurosci Bull ; 37(6): 789-803, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826095

RESUMO

Grey matter (GM) alterations may contribute to cognitive decline in individuals with white matter hyperintensities (WMH) but no consensus has yet emerged. Here, we investigated cortical thickness and grey matter volume in 23 WMH patients with mild cognitive impairment (WMH-MCI), 43 WMH patients without cognitive impairment, and 55 healthy controls. Both WMH groups showed GM atrophy in the bilateral thalamus, fronto-insular cortices, and several parietal-temporal regions, and the WMH-MCI group showed more extensive and severe GM atrophy. The GM atrophy in the thalamus and fronto-insular cortices was associated with cognitive decline in the WMH-MCI patients and may mediate the relationship between WMH and cognition in WMH patients. Furthermore, the main results were well replicated in an independent dataset from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative database and in other control analyses. These comprehensive results provide robust evidence of specific GM alterations underlying WMH and subsequent cognitive impairment.

18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(5): 2143-2152, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884783

RESUMO

The presence of heavy metals in indoor dust is a world-wide concern owing to its negative impact on humans. In this study, we collected indoor dust samples from urban and rural residential areas during the heating season in Taiyuan City. We then identified the concentrations of 11 heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Pb, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, V, As, and Hg) using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Based on the concentrations, we categorized the pollution levels of indoor dust using the geo-accumulation index and the pollution load index. We further identified the sources of heavy metals using the enrichment factor and principal component analysis. Finally, we evaluated the potential ecological risks of heavy metals via the potential ecological index. The results illustrated that ① with the exception of Co, Mn, and V, the mean concentrations of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, As, Zn, and Hg in indoor dust were higher than the soil background values of Shanxi Province. There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the concentrations of Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, and Hg between the urban and rural areas. ② Overall, the pollution degree of heavy metals in indoor dust was identified as moderate in the urban area of Taiyuan City, but slight in the rural area. The indoor dust sample in the urban area was not contaminated by Co, Mn, and V. However, it was slightly polluted by As, Ni, and Hg. In addition, it was close to moderately polluted by Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn. In the rural area, the pollution degrees of all the metals, except for Hg and V, in indoor dust were lower than those in the urban area. ③ The As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, and Hg in indoor dust for both urban and rural areas might have mainly originated from anthropogenic sources. The pollution sources were mainly transportation and industry in the urban area and coal combustion and indoor smoking in the rural area. The Co, Cr, Mn, Ni, and V in indoor dust in Taiyuan City might have mainly originated from natural sources. ④ The ecological risk of heavy metal pollution in indoor dust for both the urban and rural areas of Taiyuan City was relatively high, with integrated ecological risk indexes of 359.43 and 471.02 in the urban and rural areas, respectively. In addition, Cd and Hg were the largest contributors.


Assuntos
Poeira , Metais Pesados , China , Cidades , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Calefação , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Estações do Ano
19.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 46(2): 219-228, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertensive nephropathy is one of the major causes of ESRD. Exercise has been considered a nonpathological therapy for hypertension and its complications, yet mechanisms remain unclear. We sought to investigate whether periodic swimming could ameliorate hypertension-induced kidney dysfunction and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Four-week male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomly divided into the hypertension group (SHR, n = 8) and exercise group (SE, n = 8, 60 min swimming/day, 6 days per week, for 8 weeks). Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY, n = 8) were served as a sedentary normotensive group. Bodyweight and blood pressure (BP) were recorded weekly. After 8-week sedentary or swimming exercise, lipids profile, BUN, and Cr were measured. The renal interstitial fibrosis was examined by the histopathological analysis using Masson's trichrome staining and hematoxylin and eosin staining. The kidney cell apoptosis was tested by TUNEL staining. The expressions of critical proteins responsible for the TGF-ß1/Smad signaling of fibrosis, that is, TGF-ß1, Smad2/3, and Smad7, as well as apoptosis related proteins, Bax and Bcl-2 in kidney cortex tissues were measured. RESULTS: The 8-week swimming exercise reduced BP and bodyweight, lowered concentrations of BUN, and serum Cr, compared with SHR. Exercise remarkably inhibited hypertension-induced tubular degeneration, cellular cluster, and tubular cell swelling as well as glomerular degeneration in the kidney cortical tissues, attenuated renal interstitial fibrosis, and renal cell apoptosis. Moreover, expressions of TGF-ß1, Smad2/3, and Bax were higher in the SHR than the WKY, which were significantly suppressed by the exercise. In contrast, hypertension-reduced expressions of Smad7 and Bcl-2 were enhanced by the swimming exercise. Strong correlations were found between kidney function indices, blood lipids, and key protein expressions. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate beneficial effects of the periodic swimming on ameliorating hypertension-induced kidney dysfunction highlighting the potential of swimming exercise as a nonpathological therapy for early prevention of hypertension-caused kidney diseases.

20.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Serum sodium abnormalities are one of the most common manifestations following radical CP excision. The aim of this study was to report the incidence and possible predictors of serum sodium disturbance and explore features of sodium destabilization manifestation among QST classification results following craniopharyngioma resection. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of clinical, biochemical, radiological and operative data for 134 successive patients who underwent primary craniopharyngioma removal between September 2016 and March 2018 was performed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine predictors. RESULTS: Sixty (44.8%) patients experienced hyponatremia and 67 (50%) patients hypernatremia; the median time of onset was 6 days and the first day after surgery, respectively. The incidence, onset, severity and type of sodium disturbance among different types of craniopharyngioma differed significantly based on statistical tests(p<0.05). Sodium disturbance was more common and severe in patients with type T tumors(p<0.05). Age, tumor type and preoperative diabetes insipidus (DI) were independent prognostic factors for obvious disorders of serum sodium. CONCLUSIONS: Hypo/hypernatremia is quite common following primary craniopharyngioma resection. The site of tumor origin has a direct effect on the growth pattern of CP, which may serve as a useful index for anticipating sodium perturbation following surgery. The level of sodium in children and patients with type T tumors, preoperative DI should be monitored closely throughout hospitalization.

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