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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2832, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565534

RESUMO

Large-scale marine heatwaves in the Northeast Pacific (NEP), identified here and previously as 'warm blobs', have devastating impacts on regional ecosystems. An anomalous atmospheric ridge over the NEP is known to be crucial for maintaining these warm blobs, also causing abnormally cold temperatures over North America during the cold season. Previous studies linked this ridge to teleconnections from tropical sea surface temperature anomalies. However, it was unclear whether teleconnections from the extratropics could also contribute to the ridge. Here we show that planetary wave trains, triggered by increased rainfall and latent heat release over the Mediterranean Sea accompanied by decreased rainfall over the North Atlantic, can transport wave energy to the NEP, guided by the westerly jet, and induce a quasi-barotropic ridge there. Our findings provide insights into extratropical teleconnections sustaining the NEP ridge, offering a source of potential predictability for the warm blobs and temperature fluctuations over North America.

2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2854, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565554

RESUMO

The formation of carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bonds via the reaction of small inorganic molecules is of great significance for understanding the fundamental transition from inorganic to organic matter, and thus the origin of life. Yet, the detailed mechanism of the C-H bond formation, particularly the time scale and molecular-level control of the dynamics, remain elusive. Here, we investigate the light-induced bimolecular reaction starting from a van der Waals molecular dimer composed of two small inorganic molecules, H2 and CO. Employing reaction microscopy driven by a tailored two-color light field, we identify the pathways leading to C-H photobonding thereby producing HCO+ ions, and achieve coherent control over the reaction dynamics. Using a femtosecond pump-probe scheme, we capture the ultrafast formation time, i.e., 198 ± 16 femtoseconds. The real-time visualization and coherent control of the dynamics contribute to a deeper understanding of the most fundamental bimolecular reactions responsible for C-H bond formation, thus contributing to elucidate the emergence of organic components in the universe.

3.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28674, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571653

RESUMO

Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) represents the most prevalent form of paroxysmal dyskinesia, characterized by recurrent and transient attacks of involuntary movements triggered by a sudden voluntary action. In this study, whole-exome sequencing was conducted on a cohort of Chinese patients to identify causal mutations. In one young female case, a de novo CACNA1B variant (NM_000718.3:exon3:c.479C > T:p.S160F) was identified as the causative lesion. This finding may broaden the phenotypic spectrum of CACNA1B mutations and provide a prospective cause of primary PKD. Additionally, a novel start-loss variant (NM_000682.7:c.3G > A) within ADRA2B further denied its association with benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy, and a KCNQ2 E515D variant that was reported as a genetic susceptibility factor for seizures had no damaging effect in this family. In sum, this study established a correlation between CACNA1B and primary PKD, and found valid evidence that further negates the pathogenic role of ADRA2B in benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy.

4.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 477, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is essential for retinal homeostasis. Comprehensively exploring the transcriptional patterns of diabetic human RPE promotes the understanding of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 4125 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened out from the human primary RPE cells subjected to prolonged high glucose (HG). The subsequent bioinformatics analysis is divided into 3 steps. In Step 1, 21 genes were revealed by intersecting the enriched genes from the KEGG, WIKI, and Reactome databases. In Step 2, WGCNA was applied and intersected with the DEGs. Further intersection based on the enrichments with the GO biological processes, GO cellular components, and GO molecular functions databases screened out 12 candidate genes. In Step 3, 13 genes were found to be simultaneously up-regulated in the DEGs and a GEO dataset involving human diabetic retinal tissues. VEGFA and ERN1 were the 2 starred genes finally screened out by overlapping the 3 Steps. CONCLUSION: In this study, multiple genes were identified as crucial in the pathological process of RPE under protracted HG, providing potential candidates for future researches on DR. The current study highlights the importance of RPE in DR pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética , Retina , Humanos , Retinopatia Diabética/genética , Células Epiteliais , Pigmentos da Retina , Glucose
5.
Ann Plast Surg ; 92(4S Suppl 2): S91-S95, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556654

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Loss of breast sensation after mastectomy has been well documented. Postoperative reinnervation of the breast is influenced by factors including reconstructive technique, patient comorbidities, and adjuvant treatment. However, little attention has been paid to the differences in sensation across regions of the breast and the impact of reconstructive method on these regional differences over time. METHODS: Patients undergoing nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate autologous or alloplastic reconstruction were prospectively followed. Neurosensory testing was performed in 9 breast regions using a pressure-specified sensory device. Patients were stratified by reconstructive technique, and regional sensation was compared at different preoperative and postoperative time points using Student t tests. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-two patients were included; 106 underwent autologous reconstruction via neurotized deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap, and 86 underwent 2-stage alloplastic reconstruction. Preoperative sensation thresholds did not differ between reconstructive cohorts in any region and averaged 18.1 g/mm2. In the first year after mastectomy, decreased sensation was most pronounced in the inner breast regions and at the nipple areolar complex (NAC) in both reconstructive cohorts. At 4 years postoperatively, sensation increased the most at the NAC in the alloplastic cohort (34.0 g/mm2 decrease) and at the outer lateral region in the autologous cohort (30.4 g/mm2 threshold decrease). The autologous cohort experienced improved sensation compared with the alloplastic cohort in 5 of 9 regions at 1 year postoperatively, and in 7 of 9 regions at 4 years postoperatively; notably, only sensation at the outer superior and outer medial regions did not differ significantly between cohorts at 4 years postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Although patients undergoing breast reconstruction experience increased breast sensation over time, the return of sensation is influenced by type of reconstruction and anatomic region. Regions closer to and at the NAC experience the greatest loss of sensation after mastectomy, although the NAC itself undergoes the most sensation recovery of any breast region in those with alloplastic reconstruction.Autologous reconstruction via a neurotized deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap results in increased return of sensation compared with alloplastic reconstruction, particularly in the inferior and lateral quadrants of the breast.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Humanos , Feminino , Mastectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mamilos/cirurgia , Sensação , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Ann Plast Surg ; 92(4S Suppl 2): S185-S190, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556671

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Breast anesthesia after mastectomy and reconstruction has been an ongoing concern with few improvements made in recent years. At present, there is a lack of studies evaluating the impact of comorbidities on sensation restoration. Identifying risk factors (RF) will be helpful with preoperative counseling. METHODS: This was a prospective study on patients who underwent mastectomy and immediate implant-based or neurotized deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap-based reconstruction. Neurosensory testing was performed at predefined time points using a pressure specified device. Patients were stratified based on reconstruction type and comorbidities, including obesity (≥30 kg/m2), age (>55 years), hypertension, alcohol use, and smoking status. Sensory comparisons among the comorbidity groups were conducted using unpaired 2-sample t tests. RESULTS: A total of 239 patients were included in this study with 109 patients in the implant cohort and 131 patients in the DIEP cohort. One patient underwent bilateral reconstruction using both reconstructive modalities. Preoperatively, age older than 55 years was identified as an RF for reduced breast sensation in the implant cohort (difference in threshold, 10.7 g/mm2), whereas obesity was identified as an RF in the DIEP cohort (difference in threshold, 8 g/mm2). During the first 2 years postreconstruction, age older than 55 years and tobacco use history were found to be negatively correlated with breast sensation for both cohorts. With DIEP reconstruction specifically, obesity was identified as an additional RF during the early postoperative period. Of note, none of the comorbidities were found to be long-term RFs for reduced breast sensitivity. All breast sensation levels returned to comparable levels across all comorbidities by 4 years postreconstruction. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, various comorbidities have been recognized as RFs for several postoperative complications including extended postoperative stay, necrosis, infection, and reoperation. However, our findings suggest that, although age, smoking history, and obesity showed transient associations with reduced breast sensation during the initial years postreconstruction, they play no role in the long-term potential of sensory nerve regeneration.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Retalho Perfurante , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Mastectomia , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Seguimentos , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Artérias Epigástricas , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Small ; : e2312067, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563596

RESUMO

The open circuit voltage (VOC) losses at multiple interfaces within perovskite solar cells (PSCs) limit the improvements in power conversion efficiency (PCE). Herein, a tailored strategy is proposed to reduce the energy offset at both hetero-interfaces within PSCs to decrease the VOC losses. For the interface of perovskite and electron transport layer where exists a mass of defects, it uses the pyromellitic acid to serve as a molecular bridge, which reduces non-radiative recombination and energy level offset. For the interface of perovskite and hole transport layer, which includes a passivator of PEAI, the detrimental effect (negative shift of work function) of PEAI passivation and optimizing the interface energy level alignment are neutralized by incorporating (2-(4-(bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)-1-cyanovinyl)phosphonic acid. Owing to synergistically reduced hetero-interface energy offset, the PSCs achieve a PCE of 25.13%, and the VOC is increased from 1.134 to 1.174 V. In addition, the resulting PSCs possess enhanced stability, the unencapsulated PSCs can maintain ≈96% and ≈97% of their initial PCE after 2000 h of aging under ambient conditions and 210 h under operation conditions.

8.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 238: 113884, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565006

RESUMO

Benzalkonium chloride (BAK) is the most commonly-used preservative in topical ophthalmic medications that may cause ocular surface inflammation associated with oxidative stress and dry eye syndrome. Glutathione (GSH) is an antioxidant in human tears and able to decrease the proinflammatory cytokine release from cells and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), a hydrophilic polymer, is one of most commonly used artificial tears and can promote the corneal epithelial cell adhesion, migration and re-epithelialization. However, most of commercial artificial tears provide only temporary relief of irritation symptoms and show the short-term treatment effects. In the study, 3-aminophenylboronic acid was grafted to CMC for increase of mucoadhesive properties that might increase the precorneal retention time and maintain the effective therapeutic concentration on the ocular surface. CMC was modified with different degree of substitution (DS) and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Phenylboronic acid (PBA)-grafted CMC hydrogels have interconnected porous structure and shear thinning behavior. Modification of CMC with high DS (H-PBA-CMC) shows the strong bioadhesive force. The optimal concentration of GSH to treat corneal epithelial cells (CECs) was evaluated by cell viability assay. H-PBA-CMC hydrogels could sustained release GSH and decrease the ROS level. H-PBA-CMC hydrogels containing GSH shows the therapeutic effects in BAK-damaged CECs via improvement of inflammation, apoptosis and cell viability. After topical administration of developed hydrogels, there was no ocular irritation in rabbits. These results suggested that PBA-grafted CMC hydrogels containing GSH might have potential applications for treatment of dry eye disease.

9.
ACS Nano ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567906

RESUMO

Laser fragmentation in liquids has emerged as a promising green chemistry technique for changing the size, shape, structure, and phase composition of colloidal nanoparticles, thus tuning their properties to the needs of practical applications. The advancement of this technique requires a solid understanding of the mechanisms of laser-nanoparticle interactions that lead to the fragmentation. While theoretical studies have made impressive practical and mechanistic predictions, their experimental validation is required. Hence, using the picosecond laser fragmentation of Au nanoparticles in water as a model system, the transient melting and fragmentation processes are investigated with a combination of time-resolved X-ray probing and atomistic simulations. The direct comparison of the diffraction profiles predicted in the simulations and measured in experiments has revealed a sequence of several nonequilibrium processes triggered by the laser irradiation. At low laser fluences, in the regime of nanoparticle melting and resolidification, the results provide evidence of a transient superheating of crystalline nanoparticles above the melting temperature. At fluences about three times the melting threshold, the fragmentation starts with evaporation of Au atoms and their condensation into small satellite nanoparticles. As fluence increases above five times the melting threshold, a transition to a rapid (explosive) phase decomposition of superheated nanoparticles into small liquid droplets and vapor phase atoms is observed. The transition to the phase explosion fragmentation regime is signified by prominent changes in the small-angle X-ray scattering profiles measured in experiments and calculated in simulations. The good match between the experimental and computational diffraction profiles gives credence to the physical picture of the cascade of thermal fragmentation regimes revealed in the simulations and demonstrates the high promise of the joint tightly integrated computational and experimental efforts.

10.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canonical biocontrol bacteria were considered to inhibit pathogenic bacteria mainly by secreting antibiotic metabolites or enzymes. Recent studies revealed that some biocontrol bacteria can inhibit pathogenic bacteria through contact-dependent killing (CDK) mediated by contact-dependent secretion systems. The CDK was independent of antibiotic metabolites and often ignored in normal biocontrol activity assay. RESULTS: In this study, we aimed to use a pathogen enrichment strategy to isolate non-canonical bacteria with CDK ability. Rhizosphere soil samples from Chinese cabbage showing soft rot symptom were collected and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc), the pathogen of cabbage soft rot, were added into these samples to enrich bacteria which attached on Pcc cells. By co-culture with Pcc, four bacteria strains (named as PcE1, PcE8, PcE12 and PcE13) showing antibacterial activity were isolated from Chinese cabbage rhizosphere. These four bacteria strains showed CDK abilities to different pathogenic bacteria of horticultural plants. Among them, PcE1 was identified as Chryseobacterium cucumeris. Genome sequencing showed that PcE1 genome encoded a type VI secretion system (T6SS) gene cluster. By heterologous expression, four predicted T6SS effectors of PcE1 showed antibacterial activity to Escherichia coli. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study isolated four bacteria strains with CDK activity to various horticultural plant pathogens, and revealed possible involvement of T6SS of Chryseobacterium cucumeris in antibacterial activity. These results provide valuable insight for potential application of CDK activity in biocontrol bacteria. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

11.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(4): 141, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441685

RESUMO

A strictly anaerobic, motile bacterium, designated as strain Ai-910T, was isolated from the sludge of an anaerobic digestion tank in China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative rods. Optimal growth was observed at 38 °C (growth range 25-42 °C), pH 8.5 (growth range 5.5-10.5), and under a NaCl concentration of 0.06% (w/v) (range 0-2.0%). Major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The respiratory quinone was MK-7. Using xylose as the growth substrate, succinate was produced as the fermentation product. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16 S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain Ai-910T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage that reflects a new genus in the family Marinilabiliaceae, sharing high similarities to Alkaliflexus imshenetskii Z-7010T (92.78%), Alkalitalea saponilacus SC/BZ-SP2T (92.51%), and Geofilum rubicundum JAM-BA0501T (92.36%). Genomic similarity (average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization) values between strain Ai-910T and its phylogenetic neighbors were below 65.27 and 16.90%, respectively, indicating that strain Ai-910T represented a novel species. The average amino acid identity between strain Ai-910T and other related members of the family Marinilabiliaceae were below 69.41%, supporting that strain Ai-910T was a member of a new genus within the family Marinilabiliaceae. Phylogenetic, genomic, and phenotypic analysis revealed that strain Ai-910T was distinguished from other phylogenetic relatives within the family Marinilabiliaceae. The genome size was 3.10 Mbp, and the DNA G + C content of the isolate was 42.8 mol%. Collectively, differences of the phenotypic and phylogenetic features of strain Ai-910T from its close relatives suggest that strain Ai-910T represented a novel species in a new genus of the family Marinilabiliaceae, for which the name Xiashengella succiniciproducens gen. nov., sp. nov. was proposed. The type strain of Xiashengella succiniciproducens is Ai-910T (= CGMCC 1.17893T = KCTC 25,304T).


Assuntos
Bactérias , Ácido Succínico , Anaerobiose , Filogenia , Succinatos , DNA
12.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400210, 2024 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433548

RESUMO

Currently, natural products are one of the priceless options for finding novel chemical pharmaceutical entities. Ellipticine is a naturally occurring alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Ochrosia elliptica Labill. Ellipticine and its derivatives are characterized by multiple biological activities. The purpose of this review was to provide a critical and systematic assessment of ellipticine and its derivatives as bioactive molecules over the last 60 years. Publications focused mainly on the total synthesis of alkaloids of this type without any evaluation of bioactivityhave been excluded. We have reviewed papers dealing with the synthesis, bioactivity evaluation and mechanism of action of ellipticine and its derivatives. It was found that ellipticine and its derivatives showed cytotoxicity, antimicrobial ability, and anti-inflammatory activity, among which cytotoxicity toward cancer cell lines was the most investigated aspect. The inhibition of DNA topoisomerase II was the most relevant mechanism for cytotoxicity. The PI3K/AKT pathway, p53 pathway, and MAPK pathway were also closely related to the antiproliferative ability of these compounds. In addition, the structure-activity relationship was deduced, and future prospects were outlined. We are confident that these findings will lay a scientific foundation for ellipticine-based drug development, especially for anticancer agents.

13.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2562, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519485

RESUMO

Hydrogen spillover widely occurs in a variety of hydrogen-involved chemical and physical processes. Recently, metal-organic frameworks have been extensively explored for their integration with noble metals toward various hydrogen-related applications, however, the hydrogen spillover in metal/MOF composite structures remains largely elusive given the challenges of collecting direct evidence due to system complexity. Here we show an elaborate strategy of modular signal amplification to decouple the behavior of hydrogen spillover in each functional regime, enabling spectroscopic visualization for interfacial dynamic processes. Remarkably, we successfully depict a full picture for dynamic replenishment of surface hydrogen atoms under interfacial hydrogen spillover by quick-scanning extended X-ray absorption fine structure, in situ surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and ab initio molecular dynamics calculation. With interfacial hydrogen spillover, Pd/ZIF-8 catalyst shows unique alkyne semihydrogenation activity and selectivity for alkynes molecules. The methodology demonstrated in this study also provides a basis for further exploration of interfacial species migration.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111754, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428147

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex disease, with macrophages playing a vital role in its progression. However, the mechanism of macrophage function remains unclear and strategies targeting macrophages in AKI are controversial. To address this issue, we used single-cell RNA-seq analysis to identify macrophage sub-types involved in ischemia-reperfusion-induced AKI, and then screened for associated hub genes using intersecting bulk RNA-seq data. The single-cell and bulk RNA-seq datasets were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Screening of differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) and pseudo-bulk DEG analyses were used to identify common hub genes. Pseudotime and trajectory analyses were performed to investigate the progression of cell differentiation. CellChat analysis was performed to reveal the crosstalk between cell clusters. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses were used to identify enriched pathways in the cell clusters. Immunofluorescence and RT-PCR were preformed to validate the expression of the identified hub genes. Four hub genes, Vim, S100a6, Ier3, and Ccr1, were identified in the infiltrated macrophages between normal samples and those 3 days after ischemia-reperfusion renal injury (IRI); all were associated with the progression of IRI-induced AKI. Increased expression of Vim, S100a6, Ier3, and Ccr1 in infiltrated macrophages may be associated with inflammatory responses and may mediate crosstalk between macrophages and renal tubular epithelial cells under IRI conditions. Our results reveal that Ier3 may be critical in AKI, and that Vim, S100a6, Ier3, and Ccr1 may act as novel biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for IRI-induced AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Humanos , RNA-Seq , Análise da Expressão Gênica de Célula Única , Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Rim , Macrófagos , Isquemia
15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116406, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460366

RESUMO

Sanguinarine is a quaternary ammonium benzophenanthine alkaloid found in traditional herbs such as Chelidonium, Corydalis, Sanguinarum, and Borovula. It has been proven to possess broad-spectrum biological activities, such as antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antiosteoporosis, neuroprotective, and antipathogenic microorganism activities. In this paper, recent progress on the biological activity and mechanism of action of sanguinarine and its derivatives over the past ten years is reviewed. The results showed that the biological activities of hematarginine and its derivatives are related mainly to the JAK/STAT, PI3K/Akt/mTOR, NF-κB, TGF-ß, MAPK and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways. The limitations of using sanguinarine in clinical application are also discussed, and the research prospects of this subject are outlined. In general, sanguinarine, a natural medicine, has many pharmacological effects, but its toxicity and safety in clinical application still need to be further studied. This review provides useful information for the development of sanguinarine-based bioactive agents.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Benzofenantridinas/farmacologia , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia
16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(13): 10289-10300, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497927

RESUMO

Constructing Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalysts with high solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency is a practical alternative to produce clean and recyclable hydrogen energy on a large scale. This paper presents the design of stable Z-scheme blue phosphorene (BlueP)/γ-SnS heterostructures with excellent photocatalytic activities by applying strains. The first-principles calculations show that the BlueP/γ-SnS heterobilayer is a type-I heterojunction with an indirect bandgap of 1.41 eV and strong visible-light absorption up to 105 cm-1. Interestingly, biaxial strains (ε) can effectively regulate its bandgap width (semiconductor-metal) and induce the band alignment transition (type-I-type-II). Compressive and tensile strains can significantly enhance the interfacial interaction and visible-light absorption, respectively. More intriguingly, compressive strains can not only modulate the heterojunction types but also make the band edges meet the requirements for overall water splitting. In particular, the Z-scheme (type-I) BlueP/γ-SnS bilayer at -8% (-2%) strain exhibits a relatively high STH efficiency of 18% (17%), and the strained Z-scheme system (-8% ≤ ε ≤ -6%) also exhibits high and anisotropic carrier mobilities (158-2327 cm2 V-1 s-1). These strain-induced outstanding properties make BlueP/γ-SnS heterostructures promising candidates for constructing economically feasible photocatalysts and flexible nanodevices.

17.
Clin Interv Aging ; 19: 491-502, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525317

RESUMO

Purpose: We aimed to identify the risk factors for postoperative cognitive decline (POCD) by evaluating the outcomes from preoperative comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and intraoperative anesthetic interventions. Patients and Methods: Data used in the study were obtained from the Aged Patient Perioperative Longitudinal Evaluation-Multidisciplinary Trial (APPLE-MDT) cohort recruited from the Department of Orthopedics in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University between March, 2019 and June, 2022. All patients accepted preoperative CGA by the multidisciplinary team using 13 common scales across 15 domains reflecting the multi-organ functions. The variables included demographic data, scales in CGA, comorbidities, laboratory tests and intraoperative anesthetic data. Cognitive function was assessed by Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale within 48 hours after admission and after surgery. Dropping of ≥1 point between the preoperative and postoperative scale was defined as POCD. Results: We enrolled 119 patients. The median age was 80.00 years [IQR, 77.00, 82.00] and 68 patients (57.1%) were female. Forty-two patients (35.3%) developed POCD. Three cognitive domains including calculation (P = 0.046), recall (P = 0.047) and attention (P = 0.007) were significantly worsened after surgery. Univariate analysis showed that disability of instrumental activity of daily living, incidence rate of postoperative respiratory failure (PRF) ≥4.2%, STOP-Bang scale score, Caprini risk scale score and Sufentanil for maintenance of anesthesia were different between the POCD and non-POCD patients. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, PRF ≥ 4.2% (odds ratio [OR] = 2.343; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.028-5.551; P = 0.046) and Sufentanil for maintenance of anesthesia (OR = 0.260; 95% CI: 0.057-0.859; P = 0.044) was independently associated with POCD as risk and protective factors, respectively. Conclusion: Our study suggests that POCD is frequent among older patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery, in which decline of calculation, recall and attention was predominant. Preoperative comprehensive geriatric assessments are important to identify the high-risk individuals of POCD.


Assuntos
Anestésicos , Disfunção Cognitiva , Delírio , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sufentanil , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 923: 171415, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Meteorological factors are associated with various health outcomes. However, it remains uncertain whether ambient temperature affects animal aggressive behaviors and causes mammalian-related injuries (MRI) in humans. The study aimed to examine the effect of daily mean temperature on MRI in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: Individual cases of MRI were obtained from Guangzhou Injury Surveillance System during 2014-2019. A combination of a distributed lag nonlinear model and conditional quasi-Poisson regression, implemented within a time-stratified case-crossover design, was employed to evaluate the association between temperature and MRI. Subgroup analyses were conducted by sex, age group, education level, and types of mammals. RESULT: This study included 24,206 MRI cases among which 89.7 % were caused by cats or dogs. We observed a nonlinear relationship between daily mean temperature and MRI. The impact of high temperatures was most pronounced on the current day and remained statistically significant on the next day. Compared with the reference temperature with a minimum risk of injuries (9.3 °C, approximately 2nd percentile of temperature), 75th percentile of temperature (27.4 °C) exerted the greatest relative risk (RR) of injuries (RR = 1.45, 95 % CI: 1.25-1.68) over lag 0-1 days. In subgroup analyses, the effects of high temperatures among males and females were similar. Individuals aged 15-34 years and 35-59 years were more susceptible to MRI at high temperatures compared to other age groups. The risk of injuries caused by cats or dogs consistently increased with high temperatures. We did not find significant impacts of low temperatures. CONCLUSION: Short-term heat exposure plays an important role in the occurrence of MRI. The findings highlight the importance of enhancing public awareness regarding the high temperature-associated hazards posed by mammals. There is a need for enhanced regulations and measures on the management for cats and dogs to mitigate the harm caused in hot seasons.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Ferimentos e Lesões , Animais , Gatos , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Temperatura Baixa , Mamíferos , Estações do Ano , Temperatura , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Cross-Over
19.
Food Chem ; 447: 138971, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461718

RESUMO

This study introduces an innovative approach for the valorization and protection of anthocyanins from 'Benihoppe' strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) based on acidified natural deep eutectic solvent (NADES). Choline chloride-citric acid (ChCl-CA, 1:1) was selected and acidified to enhance the valorization and protection of anthocyanins through hydrogen bond. The optimal conditions (ultrasonic power of 318 W, extraction temperature of 61 °C, liquid-to-solid ratio of 33 mL/g, ultrasonic time of 19 min), yielded the highest anthocyanins of 1428.34 µg CGE/g DW. UPLC-Triple-TOF/MS identified six anthocyanins in acidified ChCl-CA extract. Stability tests indicated that acidified ChCl-CA significantly increased storage stability of anthocyanins in high temperature and light treatments. Molecular dynamics results showed that acidified ChCl-CA system possessed a larger diffusion coefficient (0.05 m2/s), hydrogen bond number (145) and hydrogen bond lifetime (4.38 ps) with a reduced intermolecular interaction energy (-1329.74 kcal/mol), thereby efficiently valorizing and protecting anthocyanins from strawberries.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Fragaria , Solventes/química , Antocianinas/química , Fragaria/química , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Extratos Vegetais/química
20.
Elife ; 132024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38526524

RESUMO

During embryogenesis, the fetal liver becomes the main hematopoietic organ, where stem and progenitor cells as well as immature and mature immune cells form an intricate cellular network. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside in a specialized niche, which is essential for their proliferation and differentiation. However, the cellular and molecular determinants contributing to this fetal HSC niche remain largely unknown. Macrophages are the first differentiated hematopoietic cells found in the developing liver, where they are important for fetal erythropoiesis by promoting erythrocyte maturation and phagocytosing expelled nuclei. Yet, whether macrophages play a role in fetal hematopoiesis beyond serving as a niche for maturing erythroblasts remains elusive. Here, we investigate the heterogeneity of macrophage populations in the murine fetal liver to define their specific roles during hematopoiesis. Using a single-cell omics approach combined with spatial proteomics and genetic fate-mapping models, we found that fetal liver macrophages cluster into distinct yolk sac-derived subpopulations and that long-term HSCs are interacting preferentially with one of the macrophage subpopulations. Fetal livers lacking macrophages show a delay in erythropoiesis and have an increased number of granulocytes, which can be attributed to transcriptional reprogramming and altered differentiation potential of long-term HSCs. Together, our data provide a detailed map of fetal liver macrophage subpopulations and implicate macrophages as part of the fetal HSC niche.


Assuntos
Hematopoese , Macrófagos , Animais , Camundongos , Hematopoese/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Diferenciação Celular , Eritropoese , Fígado , Nicho de Células-Tronco/genética
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