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1.
Small ; : e2401100, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721947

RESUMO

The increasing need for energy storage devices with high energy density has led to significant interest in Li-metal batteries (LMBs). However, the use of commercial electrolytes in LMBs is problematic due to their flammability, inadequate performance at low temperatures, and tendency to promote the growth of lithium dendrites and other flaws. This study introduces a localized high-concentration electrolyte (LHCE) that addresses these issues by employing non-flammable electrolyte components and incorporating carefully designed additives to enhance flame retardancy and low-temperature performance. By incorporating additives to optimize the electrolyte, it is possible to attain inorganic-dominated solid electrolyte interphases on both the cathode and anode. This achievement results in a uniform deposition of lithium, as well as the suppression of electrolyte decomposition and cathode deterioration. Consequently, this LHCE achieve over 300 stable cycles for both LiNi0.9Mn0.05Co0.05O2||Li cells and LiCoO2||Li cells, as well as 50 cycles for LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NCM811||Li) pouch cells. Furthermore, NCM811||Li cells maintain 84% discharge capacity at -20 °C, in comparison to the capacity at room temperature. The utilization of this electrolyte presents novel perspectives for the safe implementation of LMBs.

3.
Nat Cell Biol ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745030

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are pivotal in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), a lethal disease. Although specific phase separation-competent RBPs are recognized in AML, the effect of their condensate formation on AML leukaemogenesis, and the therapeutic potential of inhibition of phase separation are underexplored. In our in vivo CRISPR RBP screen, fibrillarin (FBL) emerges as a crucial nucleolar protein that regulates AML cell survival, primarily through its phase separation domains rather than methyltransferase or acetylation domains. These phase separation domains, with specific features, coordinately drive nucleoli formation and early processing of pre-rRNA (including efflux, cleavage and methylation), eventually enhancing the translation of oncogenes such as MYC. Targeting the phase separation capability of FBL with CGX-635 leads to elimination of AML cells, suggesting an additional mechanism of action for CGX-635 that complements its established therapeutic effects. We highlight the potential of PS modulation of critical proteins as a possible therapeutic strategy for AML.

4.
Cancer Manag Res ; 16: 403-420, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736589

RESUMO

Background: Chemokines and chemokine receptors (CCRs) are involved in a variety of anti-tumour and pro-tumour immune processes in vivo, such as angiogenesis, metastasis, proliferation and invasiveness, and influence patient prognosis and response to therapy. Methods: CCRs differentially expressed in HCC and associated with prognosis were extracted from TCGA and GEO databases, and the obtained CCRs were then used to construct signature genes, and the signature gene were selected for expression validation as well as functional experiments to explore the role of CCRs in the treatment and prognosis of HCC. Results: We constructed a prognostic model including five CCRs (CCL20, CCL23, CCR3, CCR10, and CXCR3) and validated the expression of signature genes. The model's risk score is an independent prognostic factor for HCC. We have also developed prognostic model nomograms for clinical use. In addition, we validated that CCR3 expression is associated with poor prognosis in HCC, and the proliferation and migration ability of HCC cells was significantly inhibited after interfering with the expression of CCR3 in MHCC-LM3. We also looked at differences in pathway enrichment, immune infiltration and immune checkpoints. Finally, we found that risk scores were also correlated with drug sensitivity, the high-risk group had a better sensitivity to sorafenib. Conclusion: The CCRs-related gene signature may better assess HCC prognosis and response to immunotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as sorafenib in HCC, providing prospective solutions for diagnosis and treatment.

5.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30380, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737249

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the abundance and diversity of the gut microbiota in patients with lung cancer accompanied by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LC-COPD). Methods: The study cohort comprised 15 patients with LC-COPD, 49 patients with lung cancer, and 18 healthy control individuals. ELISA was used to detect inflammatory factors in venous blood. 16S rDNA sequencing was performed to determine the abundance and diversity of the gut microbiota. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in feces samples. Results: The α-diversity index indicated that the richness and diversity of the gut microbiota were lower in patients with LC-COPD compared with patients with lung cancer and controls. Principal component analysis revealed significant differences among the three groups (P < 0.05). The linear discriminant analysis effect size algorithm indicated that the o_Lactobacillales, g_Lactobaccillus, f_Lactobaccillaceae, s_Lactobaccillus_oris, c_Bacilli, g_Anaerofustis, s_uncultured organism, and s_bacterium_P1C10 species were prevalent in patients with LC-COPD, while the g_Clostridium_XIVa and g_Butyricicoccus species were prevalent in patients with lung cancer. Furthermore, the concentrations of the SCFAs butyric acid, isobutyric acid, isovaleric acid, and valeric acid tended to be lower in patients with LC-COPD compared with patients with lung cancer and healthy controls, although these intergroup differences were not significant (P > 0.05). Patients with lung cancer had the lowest serum concentration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a. There were no intergroup differences in the concentrations of other inflammatory factors. Conclusions: The present study indicated that the abundance and structure of the gut microbiota is altered, and the concentrations of SCFAs may be decreased in patients with LC-COPD. In addition, patients with lung cancer had the lowest serum concentration of TNF-a.

7.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e945188, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775003

RESUMO

This publication has been retracted by the Editor due to the identification of non-original figure images and manuscript content that raise concerns regarding the credibility and originality of the study and the manuscript. Reference: Ying-Jun Zhang, He Huang, Yu Liu, Bin Kong, Guangji Wang. MD-1 Deficiency Accelerates Myocardial Inflammation and Apoptosis in Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity by Activating the TLR4/MAPKs/Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) Signaling Pathway. Med Sci Monit, 2019; 25: 7898-7907. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919861.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Cardiotoxicidade , Doxorrubicina , NF-kappa B , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/deficiência , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Camundongos , Antígeno 96 de Linfócito/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
8.
Mol Cell Biol ; 44(4): 149-163, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725392

RESUMO

Phenylacetylglutamine (PAGln), a gut metabolite is substantially elevated in heart failure (HF). The increase of PAGln in plasma is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), and contributes to AF pathogenesis. However, the role of PAGln in AF with HF remains uncertain. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effect of PAGln on AF after HF. Thoracic aortic coarctation (TAC) created overpressure-induced HF mice for 4 weeks. Histopathology, biochemical, echocardiographic for assessment of cardiac function, and electrophysiological examination of several electrophysiological indexes (ERP, SNRT, and the occurrence rate of AF) were performed at the end of the HF mice model. We found that plasma PAGln levels were significantly elevated in PAGln-treated HF mice and that PAGln aggravated maladaptive structural remodeling and electrical remodeling, which aggravated the vulnerability of AF, shortened the ERP duration, prolonged the SNRT, increased the occurrence rate of AF in HF mice. Mechanistically, PAGln exacerbated ROS accumulation and increased the levels of phosphorylated PLB and CAMK II. Overall, PAGln played a vital role in promoting the occurrence of AF in HF mice by activating the CAMK II signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Animais , Fibrilação Atrial/metabolismo , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Camundongos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glutamina/metabolismo , Glutamina/análogos & derivados , Glutamina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
9.
Kidney Dis (Basel) ; 10(2): 143-152, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751795

RESUMO

Background: Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy represents a significant advancement in the field of immunotherapy, providing targeted eradication of abnormal cells through the recognition between CAR and target antigens. This approach has garnered considerable attention due to its promising results in the clinical treatment of hematological malignancies and autoimmune diseases. As the focus shifts toward exploring novel targets and expanding the application of CAR-T cell therapy to solid tumors, including renal malignancies, researchers are pushing the boundaries of this innovative treatment. However, it is crucial to address the observed comorbidities associated with CAR-T cell therapy, particularly nephrotoxicity, due to the superseding release of cytokines and impairment of normal tissue. Summary: Our review discusses the research strategies and nephrotoxicity related to CAR-T cell therapy in various kidney-related diseases and provides insights into enhancing investigation and optimization. Key Messages: CAR-T cell therapy has captured the attention of researchers and clinicians in the treatment of renal malignancies, multiple myeloma, systemic lupus erythematosus, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which may lead to potential nephrotoxicity as they involve primary or secondary kidney complications. Understanding and summarizing the current research progress of CAR-T cell therapies can provide valuable insights into novel targets and combinations to optimize research models and enhance their clinical value.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 934: 173140, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754505

RESUMO

The digital economy, serving as a new engine to boost China's economic growth, inevitably affects carbon emissions given both its green features and its potential demands for energy inputs. To investigate the province-level impacts of the digital economy on carbon emissions, this study splits the digital industry from the multi-regional input-output table, and adopts a downscale structural decomposition analysis to reveal the technological, structural, and scale effects of the digital economy on carbon emissions. The results show that: (1) the expansion of digital economy increased 186.3 Mt of carbon emissions at the aggregate level during the investigated period (2012-2017) and that, therefore, the direct structural effects of the digital economy played a leading role in emission reduction (-156 Mt); (2) in terms of heterogeneity, most provinces presented a U distribution with the structural mitigation effect at the bottom and highly-developed provinces generated significant negative spillover effects; (3) from a regional coordination perspective, digital production achieved greater carbon emission reductions in the eastern and western areas of the country, while the northeastern and central regions gained environmental benefits via digital applications. The main conclusions thus enhance existent understanding of China's digital economy and low-carbon development, and the paper also proffers corresponding policy recommendations, e.g., accelerating the convergence of digital economy and traditional industries to promote carbon emissions reduction.

11.
Crit Rev Biotechnol ; : 1-16, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705840

RESUMO

5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is a non-proteinogenic amino acid essential for synthesizing tetrapyrrole compounds, including heme, chlorophyll, cytochrome, and vitamin B12. As a plant growth regulator, 5-ALA is extensively used in agriculture to enhance crop yield and quality. The complexity and low yield of chemical synthesis methods have led to significant interest in the microbial synthesis of 5-ALA. Advanced strategies, including the: enhancement of precursor and cofactor supply, compartmentalization of key enzymes, product transporters engineering, by-product formation reduction, and biosensor-based dynamic regulation, have been implemented in bacteria for 5-ALA production, significantly advancing its industrialization. This article offers a comprehensive review of recent developments in 5-ALA production using engineered bacteria and presents new insights to propel the field forward.

12.
Heliyon ; 10(8): e29511, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699729

RESUMO

In the context of sustainable development, market competition is intensifying, and financial constraints have emerged as a significant hindrance to green project investment. Green Supply Chain Finance (GSCF), characterized by long-term collaboration, has emerged as a crucial financial approach to mitigate corporate financial limitations and channel capital flows into environmentally friendly industries. We propose a two-echelon supply chain with one supplier and two competing retailers over a single period and investigate ordering, sales, and financing decisions simultaneously under competition. Retailers constrained by financial considerations may secure GSCF or traditional bank financing (BF) loans. This study investigates the influence of competition on pricing and sales strategies during the selling season. The results demonstrate that retailers select between clearance and responsive selling strategies based on the level of market competition. During the ordering season, retailers share the product market equally when interest rates are uniform, and the supplier formulates a supply chain contract while considering the financing interest rate. In the presence of differential interest rates, retailers may not always opt for the GSCF, even when they offer an interest rate advantage, due to the comprehensive impacts of operational and financial strategies. Remarkably, competitive retailers do not choose the GSCF when their initial green investment capital surpasses a certain threshold.

13.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 108, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705885

RESUMO

Coinfusion of unrelated cord blood (UCB) units in haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (haplo-HCT) (haplo-cord HCT) for hematopoietic malignancies showed promising results in previous reports, but the efficiency of haplo-cord HCT in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) still lacks sufficient evidence. This multicenter, randomized, phase 3 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03719534) aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of haplo-cord HCT in AML patients. A total of 268 eligible patients aged 18-60 years, diagnosed with measurable residual disease in AML (excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia), with available haploidentical donors and suitable for allotransplantation, were randomly allocated (1:1) to receive haplo-cord HCT (n = 134) or haplo-HCT (n = 134). The 3-year overall survival (OS) was the primary endpoint in this study. Overall median follow-up was 36.50 months (IQR 24.75-46.50). The 3-year OS of Haplo-cord HCT group was better than haplo-HCT group (80.5%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 73.7-87.9 vs. 67.8% 95% CI 60.0-76.5, p = 0.013). Favorable progression-free survival (70.3%, 95% CI 62.6-78.8 vs. 57.6%, 95% CI 49.6-67.0, p = 0.012) and cumulative incidence of relapse (12.1%, 95% CI 12.0-12.2 vs. 30.3%, 95% CI 30.1-30.4, p = 0.024) were observed in haplo-cord HCT group. Grade 3-4 adverse events (AEs) within two years posttransplantation in the two groups were similar. Haplo-cord HCT patients exhibited a faster cumulative incidence of neutrophil recovery (p = 0.026) and increased T-cell reconstitution in the early period posttransplantation. Haplo-cord HCT can improve OS in AML patients without excessive AEs, which may exert additional benefits for recipients of haplo-HCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Adulto , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Transplante Haploidêntico/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Adv Biol (Weinh) ; : e2300288, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717793

RESUMO

Organelles, substructures in the cytoplasm with specific morphological structures and functions, interact with each other via membrane fusion, membrane transport, and protein interactions, collectively termed organelle interaction. Organelle interaction is a complex biological process involving the interaction and regulation of several organelles, including the interaction between mitochondria-endoplasmic reticulum, endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi, mitochondria-lysosomes, and endoplasmic reticulum-peroxisomes. This interaction enables intracellular substance transport, metabolism, and signal transmission, and is closely related to the occurrence, development, and treatment of many diseases, such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and metabolic diseases. Herein, the mechanisms and regulation of organelle interactions are reviewed, which are critical for understanding basic principles of cell biology and disease development mechanisms. The findings will help to facilitate the development of novel strategies for disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment opportunities.

15.
Nat Microbiol ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750176

RESUMO

Bacteria such as the oral microbiome member Peptostreptococcus anaerobius can exacerbate colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Little is known regarding whether these immunomodulatory bacteria also affect antitumour immune checkpoint blockade therapy. Here we show that administration of P. anaerobius abolished the efficacy of anti-PD1 therapy in mouse models of CRC. P. anaerobius both induced intratumoral myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and stimulated their immunosuppressive activities to impair effective T cell responses. Mechanistically, P. anaerobius administration activated integrin α2ß1-NF-κB signalling in CRC cells to induce secretion of CXCL1 and recruit CXCR2+ MDSCs into tumours. The bacterium also directly activated immunosuppressive activity of intratumoral MDSCs by secreting lytC_22, a protein that bound to the Slamf4 receptor on MDSCs and promoted ARG1 and iNOS expression. Finally, therapeutic targeting of either integrin α2ß1 or the Slamf4 receptor were revealed as promising strategies to overcome P. anaerobius-mediated resistance to anti-PD1 therapy in CRC.

16.
Eur J Dermatol ; 34(1): 73-78, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557462

RESUMO

Data on guselkumab as treatment for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, especially in different body regions, in China is limited. This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness of guselkumab in Chinese patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, including effectiveness at different body regions. This multicentre, observational study retrospectively enrolled patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Effectiveness outcome was based on Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) response and improvement in Body Surface Area (BSA) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). A total of 51 patients were included, with a median age of 44.00 (18.00, 74.00) years and median duration of psoriasis of 10.00 (0.50, 55.00) years. After 20 weeks of treatment, PASI response with 75% improvement from baseline (PASI 75) was reported in 96.1% of patients; 72.5% of patients achieved a DLQI score of 0-1 at week 20. The percentage of affected BSA was significantly decreased at week 4 (p<0.05), week 12 (p<0.001) and week 20 (p<0.001). PASI score significantly changed from baseline after four weeks (p<0.001), 12 weeks (p<0.001) and 20 weeks of treatment (p<0.001). DLQI score significantly increased at week 4 (p<0.001), week 12 (p<0.001) and week 20 (p<0.001). PASI 75 was achieved for the upper limbs in all cases and 100% PASI improvement (PASI 100) in 89.1%. The head and lower limbs were the areas least responsive to treatment, with PASI 100 achieved in only 68.6% and 70.6%, respectively. Guselkummab provided rapid and sustained PASI improvement, especially for the skin of the upper limbs and body trunk.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Psoríase , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , China , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28445, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560169

RESUMO

Purpose: TNF family members (TFMs) play a crucial role in different types of cancers, with TNF Receptor Superfamily Member 19 (TNFRSF19) standing out as a particularly important member in this category. Further research is necessary to investigate the potential impact of TFMs on prognosis prediction and to elucidate the function and potential therapeutic targets linked to TNFRSF19 expression in gliomas. Methods: Three databases provided the data on gene expression and clinical information. Fourteen prognostic members were found through univariate Cox analysis and subsequently utilized to construct TFMs-based model in LASSO and multivariate Cox analyses. TFMs-based subtypes based on the expression profile were identified using an unsupervised clustering method. Machine learning algorithm identified key genes linked to prognostic model and subtype. A sequence of immune infiltrations was evaluated using the ssGSEA and ESTIMATE algorithms. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the patterns of expression and the clinical significance of TNFRSF19. Results: Our development of a prognostic model and subtypes based on the TNF family was successful, resulting in accurate predictions of prognosis. The findings indicate that TNFRSF19 exhibited strong performance. Upregulation of TNFRSF19 was correlated with malignant phenotypes and poor prognosis, which was confirmed through immunohistochemistry. TNFRSF19 played a role in reshaping the immunosuppressive microenvironment in gliomas, and multiple drug-targeted TNFRSF19 molecules were identified. Conclusions: The TMF-based prognostic model and subtype can facilitate treatment decisions for glioma. TNFRSF19 is an outstanding representative of a predictor of prognosis and immunotherapy effect in gliomas.

18.
Genome Med ; 16(1): 48, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural killer/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease with poor prognosis. Genome sequencing and mutation characterization provides a powerful approach for patient stratification, treatment target discovery, and etiology identification. However, previous studies mostly concentrated on base-level mutations in primary NKTCL, whereas the large-scale genomic alterations in NKTCL and the mutational landscapes in relapsed/refractory NKTCL remain largely unexplored. METHODS: Here, we assembled whole-genome sequencing and whole-exome sequencing data from 163 patients with primary or relapsed/refractory NKTCL and compared their somatic mutational landscapes at both nucleotide and structure levels. RESULTS: Our study not only confirmed previously reported common NKTCL mutational targets like STAT3, TP53, and DDX3X but also unveiled several novel high-frequency mutational targets such as PRDM9, DST, and RBMX. In terms of the overall mutational landscape, we observed striking differences between primary and relapsed/refractory NKTCL patient groups, with the latter exhibits higher levels of tumor mutation burden, copy number variants (CNVs), and structural variants (SVs), indicating a strong signal of genomic instability. Complex structural rearrangements such as chromothripsis and focal amplification are also significantly enriched in relapsed/refractory NKTCL patients, exerting a substantial impact on prognosis. Accordingly, we devised a novel molecular subtyping system (i.e., C0-C4) with distinct prognosis by integrating potential driver mutations at both nucleotide and structural levels, which further provides an informative guidance for novel treatments that target these specific driver mutations and genome instability as a whole. CONCLUSIONS: The striking differences underlying the mutational landscapes between the primary and relapsed/refractory NKTCL patients highlight the importance of genomic instability in driving the progression of NKTCL. Our newly proposed molecular subtyping system is valuable in assisting patient stratification and novel treatment design towards a better prognosis in the age of precision medicine.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/genética , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Mutação , Instabilidade Genômica , Nucleotídeos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética
19.
J Neuroeng Rehabil ; 21(1): 46, 2024 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570842

RESUMO

We present an overview of the Conference on Transformative Opportunities for Modeling in Neurorehabilitation held in March 2023. It was supported by the Disability and Rehabilitation Engineering (DARE) program from the National Science Foundation's Engineering Biology and Health Cluster. The conference brought together experts and trainees from around the world to discuss critical questions, challenges, and opportunities at the intersection of computational modeling and neurorehabilitation to understand, optimize, and improve clinical translation of neurorehabilitation. We organized the conference around four key, relevant, and promising Focus Areas for modeling: Adaptation & Plasticity, Personalization, Human-Device Interactions, and Modeling 'In-the-Wild'. We identified four common threads across the Focus Areas that, if addressed, can catalyze progress in the short, medium, and long terms. These were: (i) the need to capture and curate appropriate and useful data necessary to develop, validate, and deploy useful computational models (ii) the need to create multi-scale models that span the personalization spectrum from individuals to populations, and from cellular to behavioral levels (iii) the need for algorithms that extract as much information from available data, while requiring as little data as possible from each client (iv) the insistence on leveraging readily available sensors and data systems to push model-driven treatments from the lab, and into the clinic, home, workplace, and community. The conference archive can be found at (dare2023.usc.edu). These topics are also extended by three perspective papers prepared by trainees and junior faculty, clinician researchers, and federal funding agency representatives who attended the conference.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Reabilitação Neurológica , Humanos , Software , Simulação por Computador , Algoritmos
20.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(9): 1560-1568, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has great advantages in the treatment of unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis, but its revision rate is higher than that of total knee arthroplasty. AIM: To summarize and analyse the causes of revision after UKA. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series study in which the reasons for the first revision after UKA are summarized. We analysed the clinical symptoms, medical histories, laboratory test results, imaging examination results and treatment processes of the patients who underwent revision and summarized the reasons for primary revision after UKA. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients, including 3 males and 10 females, underwent revision surgery after UKA. The average age of the included patients was 67.62 years. The prosthesis was used for 3 d to 72 months. The main reasons for revision after UKA were improper suturing of the surgical opening (1 patient), osteophytes (2 patients), intra-articular loose bodies (2 patients), tibial prosthesis loosening (2 patients), rheumatoid arthritis (1 patient), gasket dislocation (3 patients), anterior cruciate ligament injury (1 patient), and medial collateral ligament injury with residual bone cement (1 patient). CONCLUSION: The causes of primary revision after UKA were gasket dislocation, osteophytes, intra-articular loose bodies and tibial prosthesis loosening. Avoidance of these factors may greatly reduce the rate of revision after UKA, improve patient satisfaction and reduce medical burden.

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