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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 328-332, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the regulation effect of myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy on Th17 cells in bone marrow fluid of AML patients, so as to provide guidance for improving AML treatment effect and patients' long-term survival. METHODS: Seventy patients with AML who were hospitalized in Department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital from April 2017 to August 2019 were selected and enrolled in AML group, 25 healthy volunteers were selected and enrolled in control group; then according to therapeutic regimen, AML patients were divided into 2 groups: combined therapy group (myeloid leukemia NO.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy) and non-combined therapy group (chemotherapy alone). Flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of CD3+ CD161+ IL-17+ IFN-γ+ T cells in bone marrow fluid, and ELISA was used to detect the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) concentrations in bone marrow fluid. Statistical analysis was performed on the data with SPSS 22.0. RESULTS: The ratio of CD3+ CD161+ IL-17+ IFN-γ+ T cells, VEGF and IL-17 concentration in newly diagnosed and relapsed AML patients were significantly higher than those in the normal control group (P<0.001); while those in CR and DFS stage patients were significantly lower than those in newly diagnosed and relapsed patients (P<0.001), and the ratio of CD3+ CD161+ IL-17+ IFN-γ+ T cells, VEGF and IL-17 concentration in DFS patients with AML were not significantly different from those in the control group (P>0.05). The ratio of CD3+ CD161+ IL-17+ IFN-γ+ T cells, VEGF and IL-17 concentration in CR stage of AML patients treated with chemotherapy alone were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05), but there was no difference between combined therapy group and the control group; the ratio of CD3+ CD161+ IL-17+ IFN-γ+ T cells, the concentration of VEGF and IL-17 in CR stage of AML patients treated with chemotherapy alone were higher than those of patients treated with combined therapy regimen (P<0.05). AML patients treated with combined therapy regimen had a significantly higher complete remission rate compared with patients received chemotherapy alone (P<0.05), but the recurrence rate was significantly lower (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Th17 cells expression in bone marrow of newly diagnoses and relapsed AML patients significantly increase, and decrease significantly after treatment. Myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb prescription combined with chemotherapy can significantly increase the CR rate and reduce the RL rate for AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Medicina , Medula Óssea , China , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Prescrições , Células Th17 , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 428-432, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in bone marrow of patients with non-M3 acute leukemia (AL), and estimate its relationship with prognosis. METHODS: From January 2016 to December 2019, 114 patients with AL in department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital were selected as study group, and 25 healthy volunteers were enrolled as control group. The concentration of VEGF in bone marrow was detected by ELISA. The patients were divided into high and low concentration group according to the level of VEGF. The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were compared among different groups. RESULTS: The level of VEGF in patients with AL was significantly higher than that in the control group. The median OS and EFS in the low concentration group was 34.5 and 32 months, respectively, while, in the high concentration group was 30 and 26 months, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P=0.010). There were significant differences in OS rate (P=0.035) and EFS rate (P=0.026) between low and high concentration group. Multivariate analysis showed that high VEGF concentration was an independent risk factor affecting OS (HR=2.619, 95%CI 1.070-6.406, P=0.035) and EFS (HR=2.221, 95%CI 1.074-4.552, P=0.031) in AL patients. CONCLUSION: VEGF highly expresses in the bone marrow of patients with AL at initial diagnosis and relapse, and shows adverse effects on the prognosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Medula Óssea , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Prognóstico
3.
Skin Res Technol ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Actinic keratosis (AK) occurs frequently in sun-exposed skin while its diagnosis and treatment were still in exploration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty two patients with facial AK lesions were selected and examined with reflective confocal microscopy (RCM) firstly, followed by biopsy at the same site. RCM was used to observe AK lesions before 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) treatment, after the first treatment, after 4 treatments, and at 1 and 6 months follow-up. Retrospective analysis of RCM images was performed. RESULTS: Thirty two AK cases showed initial RCM microscopic features including disorderly arranged epidermal cells (100%), atypical keratinocytes (100%), and blurry border between the epidermis and dermis (100%). 4 patients quitted trail. After treatments, 24 cases showed basically regular arrangement of epidermal cells, absent atypical keratinocytes, and clear border between epidermis and dermis, while 4 cases improved little. At 1 and 6 months follow-up, 23 cases remained relapse-free while 1 case developed recurrent symptoms. Effective rate of 4 ALA-PDT treatments for AK was 100%; recurrence and cure rates were 4.2% and 82.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: ALA-PDT is effective to treat AK, while RCM can be recommended for in vivo evaluating and monitoring the effect of ALA-PDT on AK.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847861

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, orange-pigmented bacterial strain, designated HHU K3-1 T, was isolated from the surface water of the Yellow Sea. The strain was observed to grow on 2216E agar medium, and growth occurred at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum 7.0), 28-37 °C (optimum 28 °C), and in the presence of 0.5-5% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1-3%). The major fatty acids (> 10%) were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c/C16:1ω7c), C17:1ω6c and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c). Strain HHU K3-1 T was found to contain ubiquinone-10 as the predominant quinone and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and sphingoglycolipid (SGL). The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain HHU K3-1 T shared highest similarities with Pelagerythrobacter marensis KCTC 22370 T (97.7%) and Qipengyuania oceanensis MCCC 1A09965T (96.9%). However, a phylogenetic tree based on 288 orthologous clusters (OCs) indicated that HHU K3-1 T was close related to Parapontixanthobacter aurantiacus MCCC 1A09962T. The pairwise AAI and evolutionary distance between HHU K3-1 T and Parapontixanthobacter aurantiacus MCCC 1A09962T are 67.1% and 0.43, respectively, which meet the recently proposed standard to differentiate genera in the family Erythrobacteraceae. On the basis of the result obtained by the polyphasic taxonomic study, strain HHU K3-1 T can be considered to represent a novel genus in the family Erythrobacteraceae, for which the name Actirhodobacter atriluteus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HHU K3-1 T (= MCCC 1K04225T = KCTC 72834 T = CGMCC 1.17395 T).

6.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In our experience, adhesion after the primary CS is generally minimal or nonexistent. However, adhesion barriers users have experienced more febrile episodes that may require therapeutic antibiotics during the postcesarean period. We evaluated clinical efficacy of HA-CMC and ORC to prevent adhesion at secondary CS and the post-operative outcome at primary and secondary CS. METHODS: This retrospective study includes 199 Asian women undergoing primary and secondary cesarean section between January1, 2011, and September 31, 2019. We used linear and logistic regression to analyze risk factors of postcesarean fever. An interaction term analysis was performed to examine the effect of surgical site infection risk factors and use of adhesion barrier on postcesarean fever rates. RESULTS: We found that use of adhesion barrier at the primary cesarean section is associated with a significantly higher incidence of postcesarean fever (p = 0.045), which is an independent risk factor of postcesarean fever (adjusted hazard ratio (Adj-HR)= 3.53, 95% CI = 1.03-10.24, p = 0.045). The strongest risk factor for postcesarean fever is the use of anti-adhesion film during emergency cesarean section (p = 0.041). In the subgroup of labor before operation and emergency cesarean section, adhesion barrier user had significant higher risk of postcesarean fever than nonuser (p = 0.018, Adj-HR = 12.12, 95% CI = 1.53-95.78; emergency cesarean section: p = 0.016, Adj-HR = 12.71, 95% CI = 1.62-99.62). CONCLUSION: Use of anti-adhesion films during emergency cases and with a significantly higher risk of postcesarean fever which potentially means increased risk of surgical site infection. Therefore, we do not suggest routine application of anti-adhesion films during cesarean deliveries especially in emergency cesarean section or in a woman having labor before operation.

7.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805809

RESUMO

Crataegi folium have been used as medicinal and food materials worldwide due to its pharmacological activities. Although the leaves of Crataegus songorica (CS), Crataegus altaica (CA) and Crataegus kansuensis (CK) have rich resources in Xinjiang, China, they can not provide insights into edible and medicinal aspects. Few reports are available on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of flavonoids compounds of their leaves. Therefore, it is necessary to develop efficient methods to determine qualitative and quantitative flavonoids compounds in leaves of CS, CA and CK. In the study, 28 unique compounds were identified in CS versus CK by qualitative analysis. The validated quantitative method was employed to determine the content of eight flavonoids of the leaves of CS, CA and CK within 6 min. The total content of eight flavonoids was 7.8-15.1 mg/g, 0.1-9.1 mg/g and 4.8-10.7 mg/g in the leaves of CS, CA and CK respectively. Besides, the best harvesting periods of the three species were from 17th to 26th September for CS, from 30th September to 15th October for CA and CK. The validated and time-saving method was successfully implemented for the analysis of the content of eight flavonoids compounds in CS, CA and CK for the first time.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 96: 107594, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Combination therapies with immune checkpoint blockade demonstrate promising antitumor activity and safety in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). However, whether the combination therapy is superior to their monotherapies, and which combination regimen is most efficacious remain unknown. This meta-analysis aims to synthesize the current available evidences on the efficacy and safety of combination immunotherapy in patients with NSCLC. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating combination therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors in NSCLC were included. RESULTS: We identified nine RCTs including a total of 5,142 patients. The study showed that the pooled hazard ratios (HRs) of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for combination therapy were 0.74 (95% CI: 0.63-0.86, p = 0.001) and 0.65 (95% CI: 0.56-0.73, p = 0.004); the pooled odds ratios (ORs) of objective response rates (ORRs) and grade 3 or higher adverse events (AEs) were 1.51 (95% CI: 1.02-1.99, p < 0.001) and 1.30 (95% CI: 1.03-1.57, p = 0.007). Subgroup analysis showed that the OR of grade 3 or higher AEs for immunotherapy plus chemotherapy was higher than that of chemotherapy alone, but did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.061) , and there was PFS and OS benefit for either immunotherapy plus chemotherapy, double agent immunotherapy or immunotherapy plus targeted plus chemotherapy combination regimens. CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors showed more clinical benefit for patients with NSCLC, with increased grade 3 or higher AEs, but toxicities were manageable.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 394, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850110

RESUMO

Neovascularization is a key factor that contributes to tumor metastasis, and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is an important form of neovascularization found in highly invasive tumors, including lung cancer. Despite the increasing number of studies focusing on VM, the mechanisms underlying VM formation remain unclear. Herein, our study explored the role of the HIF-1α/NRP1 axis in mediating lung adenocarcinoma metastasis and VM formation. HIF-1α, NRP1 expression, and VM in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patient samples were examined by immunohistochemical staining. Quantitative real-time (qRT-PCR), western blot, transwell assay, wound healing assay, and tube formation assay were performed to verify the role of HIF-1α/NRP1 axis in LUAD metastasis and VM formation. ChIP and luciferase reporter assay were used to confirm whether NRP1 is a direct target of HIF-1α. In LUAD tissues, we confirmed a positive relationship between HIF-1α and NRP1 expression. Importantly, high HIF-1α and NRP1 expression and the presence of VM were correlated with poor prognosis. We also found that HIF-1α could induce LUAD cell migration, invasion, and VM formation by regulating NRP1. Moreover, we demonstrated that HIF-1α can directly bind to the NRP1 promoter located between -2009 and -2017 of the promoter. Mechanistically, MMP2, VE-cadherin, and Vimentin expression were affected. HIF-1α plays an important role in inducing lung adenocarcinoma cell metastasis and VM formation via upregulation of NRP1. This study highlights the potential therapeutic value of targeting NRP1 for suppressing lung adenocarcinoma metastasis and progression.

12.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 146: 109778, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812566

RESUMO

Microtuning the substrate-binding pocket (SBP) of EHs has emerged as an effective approach to manipulate their enantio- or regio-selectivities and activities towards target substrates. Here, the enantioselectivity (enantiomeric ratio, E) of AuEH2 towards a racemic (rac-) ortho-trifluoromethyl styrene oxide (o-TFMSO) was improved via microtuning its SBP. Based on the analysis on the crystal structure of AuEH2, its specific residues I192, Y216, R322 and L344 lining the SBP in close to the catalytic triad were identified for site-saturation mutagenesis. After screening, five single-site mutants were selected with E values elevated from 8 to 12-25 towards rac-o-TFMSO. To further improve E, four double-site mutants were constructed by combinatorial mutagenesis of AuEH2R322V separately with AuEH2I192V, AuEH2Y216F, AuEH2L344A and AuEH2L344C. Among all the mutants, AuEH2R322V/L344C possessed the largest E of 83 with activity of 67 U/g wet cell. The kinetic resolution of 200 mM rac-o-TFMSO was conducted at 0 °C for 5.5 h using 80 mg/mL wet cells of E. coli/Aueh2R322V/L344C, a transformant expressing AuEH2R322V/L344C, retaining (S)-o-TFMSO with 98.4 % ees and 49.3 % yields. Furthermore, the molecular docking simulation analysis indicated that AuEH2R322V/L344C more enantiopreferentially attacks the terminal carbon (Cß) in the oxirane ring of (R)-o-TFMSO than AuEH2.

13.
Plants (Basel) ; 10(3)2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799872

RESUMO

Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1)-nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) is the key antioxidant system in animals. In a previous study, we identified a probable KEAP1 ortholog in rice, OsKEAP1, and demonstrated that the downregulation of OsKEAP1 could alter the redox system and impair plant growth, as well as increase the susceptibility to abscisic acid (ABA) in seed germination. However, no NRF2 orthologs have been identified in plants and the mechanism underlying the phenotype changes of downregulated oskeap1 mutants is yet unknown. An in silico search showed that OsABI5 is the gene that encodes a protein with the highest amino acid identity score (38.78%) to NRF2 in rice. In this study, we demonstrated that, via yeast two-hybrids analysis and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays, OsKEAP1 interacted with OsABI5 via its Kelch repeat domain in the nucleus. In germinating seeds, the expression of OsKEAP1 was significantly downregulated in oskeap1-1 (39.5% that of the wild-type (WT)) and oskeap1-2 (64.5% that of WT), while the expression of OsABI5 was significantly increased only in oskeap1-1 (247.4% that of WT) but not in oskeap1-2 (104.8% that of WT). ABA (0.5 µM) treatment significantly increased the expression of OsKEAP1 and OsABI5 in both the oskeap1 mutants and WT, and 4 days post treatment, the transcription level of OsABI5 became significantly greater in oskeap1-1 (+87.2%) and oskeap1-2 (+55.0%) than that in the WT. The ABA-responsive genes (OsRab16A and three late embryogenesis abundant genes), which are known to be activated by OsABI5, became more responsive to ABA in both oskeap1 mutants than in the WT. The transcript abundances of genes that regulate OsABI5, e.g., OsSnRK2 (encodes a kinase that activates OsABI5), OsABI1, and OsABI2 (both encode proteins binding to OsSnRK2 and are involved in ABA signaling) were not significantly different between the two oskeap1 mutants and the WT. These results demonstrated that OsKEAP1 played a role in the ABA response in rice seed germination via regulating OsABI5, which is the key player in the ABA response. In-depth analyses of the components and their action mode of the KEAP1-NRF2 and ABA signaling pathways suggested that OsKEAP1 likely formed a complex with OsABI5 and OsKEG, and OsABI5 was ubiquitinated by OsKEG and subsequently degraded under physiological conditions; meanwhile, under oxidative stress or with increased an ABA level, OsABI5 was released from the complex, phosphorylated, and transactivated the ABA response genes. Therefore, OsKEAP1-OsABI5 bore some resemblance to KEAP1-NRF2 in terms of its function and working mechanism.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792654

RESUMO

CMYA1 (cardiomyopathy-associated protein 1, also termed Xin) localizes to the intercalated disks (ICDs) of the myocardium and functions to maintain ICD structural integrity and support signal transduction among cardiomyocytes. Our previous study showed that CMYA1 overexpression impairs the function of gap junction intercellular communication processes. Successful model generation was verified based on PCR, western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence analysis. Myocardial CMYA1 expression was confirmed at both the mRNA and the protein levels in the CMYA1-OE transgenic mice. Masson's trichrome staining and electron microscopy revealed myocardial fibrosis and uneven bead width or the interruption of ICDs in the hearts of the CMYA1-OE transgenic mice. Furthermore, the Cx43 protein level was reduced in the CMYA1-OE mice, and co-immunoprecipitation assays of heart tissue protein extracts revealed a physical interaction between CMYA1 and Cx43. Electrocardiogram analysis enabled the detection of an obvious ventricular bigeminy for the CMYA1-OE mice. In summary, analysis of our mouse model indicates that elevated CMYA1 levels may induce myocardial fibrosis, impair ICDs, and downregulate the expression of Cx43. The observed ventricular bigeminy in the CMYA1-OE mice may be mediated by the reduced Cx43 protein level.

15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Randomized clinical trials have shown that transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is noninferior to surgery in low surgical risk patients. We compared outcomes in patients treated with a sutured (stented or stentless) or sutureless surgical valve from the Evolut Low Risk Trial. METHODS: The Evolut Low Risk Trial enrolled patients with severe aortic stenosis and low surgical risk. Patients were randomized to self-expanding TAVR or surgery. Use of sutureless or sutured valves was at the surgeons' discretion. RESULTS: There were 680 patients who underwent surgical aortic valve implantation (205 sutureless, 475 sutured). The VARC-2 30-day safety composite endpoint was similar in the sutureless and sutured group (10.8% vs 11.0%, P=.93). All-cause mortality between groups was similar between groups at 30 days (0.5% vs 1.5%, P=.28) and 1 year (3.3% vs 2.6%, P=.74). Disabling stroke was also similar at 30 days (2.0% vs 1.5%, P=.65) and 1 year (2.6% vs 2.2%, P=.76). Permanent pacemaker implantation at 30 days was significantly higher in the sutureless compared with the sutured group (14.4% vs 2.9%, P<.001). AV-related hospitalizations occurred more often at 1 year with sutureless valves (9.1% vs 5.1%, P=.04). Mean gradients 1 year after sutureless and sutured AVR were 9.9±4.2 vs 11.7±4.7mm Hg (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among low-risk patients, sutureless versus sutured valve use did not demonstrate a benefit in terms of 30-day complications and produced marginally better hemodynamics, but with an increased rate of pacemaker implantation and valve-related hospitalizations.

16.
Clin Nucl Med ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795591

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Primary osseous B-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia is very rare, especially multiple bones involved. Herein, we reported the bone scintigraphy findings in a 16-year-old adolescent boy with a 20-day history of right thigh pain caused by B-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia. Multiple abnormal MDP-avid foci were noted on 99mTc-MDP bone scintigraphy. Interestingly, the CT images of corresponding lesions were unrevealing. Finally, the B-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia was confirmed by pathology and immunohistochemistry.

17.
Theranostics ; 11(10): 4809-4824, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754029

RESUMO

Purpose: Advanced prostate cancer (PCa) has limited treatment regimens and shows low response to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, leading to poor prognosis. Histone modification is a vital mechanism of gene expression and a promising therapy target. In this study, we characterized WD repeat domain 5 (WDR5), a regulator of histone modification, and explored its potential therapeutic value in PCa. Experimental Design: We characterized specific regulators of histone modification, based on TCGA data. The expression and clinical features of WDR5 were analyzed in two dependent cohorts. The functional role of WDR5 was further investigated with siRNA and OICR-9429, a small molecular antagonist of WDR5, in vitro and in vivo. The mechanism of WDR5 was explored by RNA-sequencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). Results: WDR5 was overexpressed in PCa and associated with advanced clinicopathological features, and predicted poor prognosis. Both inhibition of WDR5 by siRNA and OICR-9429 could reduce proliferation, and increase apoptosis and chemosensitivity to cisplatin in vitro and in vivo. Interestingly, targeting WDR5 by siRNA and OICR-9429 could block IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 expression in PCa cells. Mechanistically, we clarified that some cell cycle, anti-apoptosis, DNA repair and immune related genes, including AURKA, CCNB1, E2F1, PLK1, BIRC5, XRCC2 and PD-L1, were directly regulated by WDR5 and OICR-9429 in H3K4me3 and c-Myc dependent manner. Conclusions: These data revealed that targeting WDR5 suppressed proliferation, enhanced apoptosis, chemosensitivity to cisplatin and immunotherapy in PCa. Therefore, our findings provide insight into OICR-9429 is a multi-potency and promising therapy drug, which improves the antitumor effect of cisplatin or immunotherapy in PCa.

18.
Food Funct ; 12(7): 2972-2984, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690766

RESUMO

The biosafety assessment of novel human milk fat substitutes (HMFs) from microalgae oils of Nannochloropsis oculata and Schizochytrium sp. was evaluated by testing the cytotoxic activity using IEC-6 cells, and by conducting a sub-chronic 28-day dietary study using Sprague-Dawley (SD) suckling rats in this study. The results of the cytotoxic activity of IEC-6 cells treated with HMFs showed no apparent effect on cell viability at the tested concentrations (0-1000 µg mL-1). For the 28-day sub-chronic study, five rat dietary feeds with 7.5% fat were designed to have the DHA content in the range from 0 to 2.0% using corn oil as a basal oil. After the 28-day treatment, SD rats fed HMFs did not show toxicity signs and adverse effects, based on the results of clinical observation, body weight, food consumption, behavior, hematology, clinical chemistry, and necropsy findings. These results could lead to the conclusion that the inclusion of the new synthesized HMFs into the pre-weaning SD rat diet was acceptable for SD rats and did not exhibit toxic characteristics and adverse features, indicating that the HMFs from microalgal oils were safe and had the potential to be used as a promising feedstock in infant formula.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742221

RESUMO

As emerging environmental contaminants, microplastics may cause potential hazard to global ecosphere (including water, soil and air) and human health. To date, the occurance and ecological effects of microplastics in water and soil were systematically summarized. However, there are few reviews of microplastics in air (i.e. airborne microplastics). Recently, microplastics have been observed in atmospheric fallout collected from some areas. Although the studies are limited, most of the researches showed that synthetic textiles are the main source of airborne microplastics, and fibers are the dominant shape. Airborne microplastics are contributors to microplastic pollution in aquatic and soil environments. In addition, airborne microplastics can be directly inhaled and posed health risks to humans. Therefore, this review summarized the current knowledge and provide insights into further research to better understand airborne microplastics and their risks to human.

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