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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998269

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are a class of proteins known for their diverse roles in RNA biogenesis, from regulating transcriptional processes in the nucleus to facilitating translation in the cytoplasm. With higher demand for RNA metabolism in the nervous system, RBP misregulation has been linked to a wide range of neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. One of the emerging RBPs implicated in neuronal function and neurodegeneration is splicing factor proline- and glutamine-rich (SFPQ). SFPQ is a ubiquitous and abundant RBP that plays multiple regulatory roles in the nucleus such as paraspeckle formation, DNA damage repair, and various transcriptional regulation processes. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated the nuclear and also cytoplasmic roles of SFPQ in neurons, particularly in post-transcriptional regulation and RNA granule formation. Not surprisingly, the misregulation of SFPQ has been linked to pathological features shown by other neurodegenerative disease-associated RBPs such as aberrant RNA splicing, cytoplasmic mislocalization, and aggregation. In this review, we discuss recent findings on the roles of SFPQ with a particular focus on those in neuronal development and homeostasis as well as its implications in neurodegenerative diseases.

2.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003487

RESUMO

Nano-silicate platelets (NSP), an exfoliated product from natural clays, have been validated for biosafety and as an effective supplement to alleviate mycotoxicosis. Since NSP induced noticeable cell death, we therefore investigated further the mechanism of cytotoxicity caused by NSP. Exposure to NSP impaired membrane integrity and caused cell death in a dose-dependent manner. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation other than of NADH oxidase origin, and subcellular interactions by internalized NSP also contributed to NSP-induced cell death. NSP persistently provoked receptor-interacting protein 1 Ser/Thr (RIP1) kinase and caspase 6 and 3/7 activation without altering caspase 8 activity and induced evident chromatolysis of necrosis in the later stage. These events proceeded along with increased ER stress and mitochondrial permeability, to final Cyt-C (Cytochrome C) release and AIF (apoptosis inducing factor) translocation, a hallmark of cell necroptosis. Fluorescent probing further manifested NSP traffic, mostly adherence on the cell surfaces, or via internalization, being compartmentalized in the nuclei, cytosols, and mitochondria. Pharmacological approaches with specific inhibitors suggested that endocytosis and particularly RIP1 kinase provocation mediate NSP-induced cell death independent of caspase activation. In conclusion, the necroptotic process contributes to most of the cell death induced by NSP due to membrane interactions/impaired integrity, ROS generation, and subcellular interactions by internalized NSP.

3.
J Chem Phys ; 153(12): 124902, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003754

RESUMO

As an important physical quantity to understand the internal structure of polymer chains, the structure factor is being studied both in theory and experiment. Theoretically, the structure factor of Gaussian chains has been solved analytically, but for wormlike chains, numerical approaches are often used, such as Monte Carlo simulations, solving the modified diffusion equation. In these works, the structure factor needs to be calculated differently for different regions of the wave vector and chain rigidity, and some calculation processes are resource consuming. In this work, by training a deep neural network, we obtained an efficient model to calculate the structure factor of polymer chains, without considering different regions of wavenumber and chain rigidity. Furthermore, based on the trained neural network model, we predicted the contour and Kuhn lengths of some polymer chains by using scattering experimental data, and we found that our model can get pretty reasonable predictions. This work provides a method to obtain the structure factor for polymer chains, which is as good as previous and more computationally efficient. It also provides a potential way for the experimental researchers to measure the contour and Kuhn lengths of polymer chains.

4.
Life (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007994

RESUMO

Colors are important phenotypic traits for fitness under natural conditions in vertebrates. Previous studies have reported several functional genes and genetic variations of pigmentation, but the formation mechanisms of various skin coloration remained ambiguous in fish. Jinbian carp, a common carp variant, displays two colors (yellow and black) in the skin, thus, it is a good model for investigating the genetic basis of pigmentation. In the present study, using the Jinbian carp as model, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (ITRAQ) proteomics analysis was performed for yellow and black skin, respectively. The results showed that 467 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified between the yellow skin and the black skin. Similar to mammals, the up-regulated DEPs in black skin included UV excision repair protein RAD23 homolog A (Rad23a), melanoregulin (mreg), 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid oxidase5 (tyrp1) and melanocyte protein PMEL (PMEL), which were mainly grouped into melanogenesis pathway. However, several up-regulated DEPs in yellow skin were mainly enriched in nucleotide metabolism, such as GTPase IMAP family member 5 (GIMAP5), AMP deaminase 1 (AMPD1), adenosylhomocysteinase b (ahcy-b), and pyruvate kinase (PKM). In summary, several candidate proteins and their enrichment pathways for color variation in Jinbian carp were identified, which may be responsible for the formation of different colorations.

5.
Phytopathology ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026300

RESUMO

Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of the Irish Potato Famine in the 1840s, is one of the most destructive crop pathogens that threaten global food security. Host resistance (R) genes may help to control the disease, but recognition by through the gene products can be evaded by newly emerging isolates. Such isolates are dangerous as they may cause disease outbreaks under favorable conditions. However, our lack of knowledge about adaptation in these isolates jeopardizes an apt response to resistance breakdown. Here we performed genome and transcriptome sequencing of HB1501 and HN1602, two field isolates from distinct Chinese geographic regions. We found extensive polymorphisms in these isolates, including gene copy number variations, nucleotide polymorphisms, and gene expression changes. Effector encoding genes, which contribute to virulence, show distinct expression landscapes in P. infestans isolates HB1501 and HN1602. In particular polymorphisms at multiple effectors required for recognition (Avr loci) enabled these isolates to overcome corresponding R gene based resistance. Although the isolates evolved multiple strategies to evade recognition, we experimentally verified that several R genes such as R8, RB, and Rpi-vnt1.1 remain effective against these isolates and are valuable to potato breeding in the future. In summary, rapid characterization of the adaptation in emerging field isolates through genomic tools inform rational agricultural management to prevent potential future epidemics.

6.
J Gene Med ; : e3286, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women, and also the leading cause of cancer death for which the treatment and diagnose methods remain unsatisfied. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important role in the occurrence and development of tumors including breast cancer. We aimed to seek for new efficient treatment targets by analyzing the lncRNA expression profiles of breast cancer. METHODS: A ceRNA microarray was used to investigate the profiles of differentially expressed lncRNAs. qRT-PCR validated the top differentially expressed lncRNAs in 107 pairs of breast cancer tissue and adjacent normal tissue. Cis- and trans- regulation mRNAs of lncRNAs were used to perform enrichment analysis. Cell function assays were used to explore the functions of ST8SIA6-AS1. RESULTS: Seven lncRNAs, ST8SIA6-AS1, lnc-HIST1H2BJ-5:1, lnc-PRICKLE2-3:2, RP1-86C11.7, RP11-15F12.1, ZNF670-ZNF695, and lnc-STRN3-12:1 were validated significantly up-regulated in breast cancer. LncRNA ST8SIA6-AS1 was associated with the TNM staging and Ki67 index. The cell function assays showed that ST8SIA6-AS1 can promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of breast cancer cells. The functions of ST8SIA6-AS1 were explored and competing endogenous RNA mode showed that miR-4252 was a potential candidate. Its target genes were further predicted. The lncRNA-protein mode shows 3 potential candidate RNA binding proteins, NONO, QKI and RBMX. CONCLUSION: LncRNA ST8SIA6-AS1 can promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of breast cancer cells. By hypothesizing two different functional modes of ST8SIA6-AS1, we found lncRNA ST8SIA6-AS1 may contribute to breast cancer progression through miR-4252 or interacting with RNA binding proteins, NONO, QKI, and RBMX.

7.
Immunotherapy ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045890

RESUMO

Background: CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has emerged as a powerful immunotherapy in relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The changes in extramedullary (EM) disease in pediatric relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia after CAR T-cell therapy have rarely been reported. Materials & methods: A child with relapsed B-ALL was treated with CAR T-cell therapy. Bone marrow morphological examination, minimal residual disease, fusion mutation and radiological evaluation of the EM disease were performed before and after CAR T-cell infusion. Results: Radiological assessment revealed a distinct asymptomatic pseudo progression of EM involvements on day 16 after CAR T-cell infusion. Conclusion: Pseudoprogression of EM disease indicates heterogeneous immune-related patterns of response in patients treated with CAR-T therapy. Such patients should be closely monitored and practical immune-related response criteria should be developed for them.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 44(5): 2174-2184, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000262

RESUMO

Tricellulin is a tight­junction transmembrane protein that regulates cell­cell interactions. Altered tricellulin expression could promote tumor cell invasions and metastasis in human cancers. The present study assessed tricellulin expression in colorectal cancer tissues for any association with clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer patients and then investigated the underlying molecular events using quantitative proteomic analysis and in vitro experiments. Tissue samples from 98 colorectal cancer patients and 15 volunteers were collected for immunohistochemistry. Colorectal cell lines were used to overexpress or knockdown tricellulin expression in various assays. The data revealed that upregulated tricellulin expression was associated with lymph node and distant metastases and poor prognosis, while tricellulin overexpression promoted colorectal cancer cell migration and invasion in vitro. In contrast, tricellulin knockdown had positive effects on the tumor cells. Furthermore, TMT­LC­MS/MS and bioinformatics analyses revealed that tricellulin was involved in EMT and reduction of apoptosis through the NF­κB signaling pathway. These findings highlight for the first time the significance of tricellulin in colorectal cancer development and progression. Further study may validate tricellulin as a novel biomarker and target for colorectal cancer.

9.
Microbiol Res ; 242: 126598, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039801

RESUMO

Many Pseudoalteromonas strains can produce bioactive compounds with antimicrobial activities. This study focused on a probiotic candidate P.flavipulchra CDM8 to reveal its novel antibacterial mechanism and risks for antibiotic resistance dissemination. Strain CDM8 could form floating biofilm, displayed strikingly broad antibacterial activities against multiple Vibrio and Bacillus species, and decreased the competitor's concentration in their co-cultures in the microtiter plate tests. It could also form vesicle/pilus-like structures on the outer surface, which were indicated to participate in the bactericidal activity and represent a novel antibacterial mechanism of CDM8, according to the scanning electron microscopic observation. However, CDM8 displayed multi-antibiotic resistance, conferred by the multidrug resistance regions in hotspot 4 and variable region III of a novel SXT/R391-like integrative and conjugative element (ICEPflCDM8). Summing up, our results provided a better understanding of the bactericidal mechanism of P. flavipulchra and highlighted the role of SXT/R391-like ICEs in conferring multidrug resistance phenotype of probiotic P. flavipulchra candidates.

10.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(6): 1216-1225, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the real-world prevalence and investigate risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related lung disease on chest computed tomography (CT) imaging. We also investigated the impact of RA-related lung disease on mortality. METHODS: We studied chest CT imaging abnormalities among RA patients. We determined the presence and type of abnormalities using the chest CT imaging radiologic report. RA-related lung disease was defined as interstitial lung disease (ILD), bronchiectasis, or pleural disease. We examined whether demographics and RA characteristics were associated with RA-related lung disease using logistic regression. RA-related lung disease and mortality was described using survival curves and Cox regression. RESULTS: We analyzed 190 patients who had chest CT imaging performed for clinical indications. Mean age was 64.2 years (SD 11.8), 80.0% were female, and 75.3% were seropositive. RA-related lung disease was detected in 54 patients (28.4%); 30 (15.8%) had ILD, 27 (14.2%) had bronchiectasis, and 18 (9.5%) had pleural disease. RA-related lung disease was reported in both seropositive and seronegative RA (28.7% vs. 27.7%, p = 1.00). Male sex (OR 2.62, 95%CI 1.17-5.88) and current methotrexate use (OR 2.73, 95%CI 1.27-5.61 vs. not current) were associated with RA-related lung disease. Twenty-four (44.4%) patients with RA-related lung disease died during mean 7.0 years of follow-up. RA-related lung disease had HR of 5.35 (95%CI 0.72-39.9) for mortality compared to normal chest CT. CONCLUSIONS: In this real-world study, RA-related lung disease was commonly detected on chest CT imaging regardless of RA serostatus. RA-related lung disease had high mortality, emphasizing the importance in close monitoring of these patients.

12.
J Int Med Res ; 48(9): 300060520953234, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate hub genes and their prognostic value in colon cancer via bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of expression profiles (GSE33113, GSE20916, and GSE37364) obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were identified using the GEO2R tool and Venn diagram software. Function and pathway enrichment analyses were performed, and a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. Hub genes were verified based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Human Protein Atlas (HPA) databases. RESULTS: We identified 207 DEGs, 62 upregulated and 145 downregulated genes, enriched in Gene Ontology terms "organic anion transport," "extracellular matrix," and "receptor ligand activity", and in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway "cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction." The PPI network was constructed and nine hub genes were selected by survival analysis and expression validation. We verified these genes in the TCGA database and selected three potential predictors (ZG16, TIMP1, and BGN) that met the independent predictive criteria. TIMP1 and BGN were upregulated in patients with a high cancer risk, whereas ZG16 was downregulated. The immunostaining results from HPA supported these findings. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that these hub genes may be promising prognostic indicators or therapeutic targets for colon cancer.

13.
Pediatr Obes ; : e12718, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in pediatric population. However, this issue remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between OSA and NAFLD in pediatric population. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase for eligible studies. The data involving markers of NAFLD including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), hepatic inflammation, hepatic fibrosis of both OSA group and control group were extracted. Pooled standardised mean difference (SMD) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were appropriately calculated through a fixed or random-effect model. RESULTS: Nine cross-sectional studies with 1133 children and adolescents were included. OSA was significantly associated with ALT, AST, and NAFLD fibrosis stage, but not NAFLD inflammation grade. Subgroup analysis indicated that both mild OSA and severe OSA were significantly associated with elevated ALT and AST. Furthermore, in the studies with all main confounding factors (age, gender, and BMI) matched, OSA group had higher ALT and AST levels than control group. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggested that OSA was associated with NAFLD evidenced by elevated liver enzymes and progressive hepatic fibrosis in pediatric population. Screening and monitoring of NAFLD in pediatric patients with obesity-related OSA are necessary.

14.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 15(1): 177, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902711

RESUMO

It is unclear about the functional role of microRNA-133a-3p (miR-133a-3p) in intracranial aneurysm (IA). Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate the regulatory role of miR-133a-3p on the regulation of vascular endothelial injury-induced IA through phosphoserine aminotransferase 1 (PSAT1)/glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß)/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Normal intracranial arteriole tissues and IA tissues were gathered from patients with brain trauma and IA. The expression of miR-133a-3p, PSAT1, GSK3ß, and ß-catenin in tissues was determined by RT-qPCR and western blot analysis. The endothelial cells (ECs) of the human IA were cultured and treated with miR-133a-3p mimic and si-PSAT1 to determine their functions in endothelial cell migration, apoptosis, and proliferation. The expression of miR-133a-3p, PSAT1, GSK3ß, ß-catenin, Ki-67, CyclinD1, Bax, and Bcl-2 in ECs were tested by RT-qPCR or western blot analysis. Moreover, IA rat model was established to detect the pathological changes and the expression of miR-133a-3p, PSAT1, GSK3ß, ß-catenin, VEGF, and MMP-9 in IA tissues in vivo. Expression of miR-133a-3p was related to the number and size of IA. MiR-133a-3p expression was deceased and the PSAT1, GSK3ß, and ß-catenin expression was raised in IA. Restored miR-133a-3p and depleted PSAT1 alleviated the pathological change; reduced PSAT1, GSK3ß, and ß-catenin expression in IA; suppressed apoptosis and advanced proliferation and migration of IA ECs, as well as reduced VEGF and MMP-9 expression in IA tissues in vivo. Our study suggests that overexpression of miR-133a-3p or downregulation of PSAT1 restrains endothelial cell damage and advances endothelial cell proliferation via inhibiting the GSK3ß/ß-catenin pathway in IA. MiR-133a-3p might be a potential candidate marker and therapeutic target for IA.

15.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(8): e1008801, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866183

RESUMO

Rice stripe virus (RSV) is one of the most destructive viral diseases affecting rice production. However, so far, only one RSV resistance gene has been cloned, the molecular mechanisms underlying host-RSV interaction are still poorly understood. Here, we show that increasing levels or signaling of brassinosteroids (BR) and jasmonic acid (JA) can significantly enhance the resistance against RSV. On the contrary, plants impaired in BR or JA signaling are more susceptible to RSV. Moreover, the enhancement of RSV resistance conferred by BR is impaired in OsMYC2 (a key positive regulator of JA response) knockout plants, suggesting that BR-mediated RSV resistance requires active JA pathway. In addition, we found that RSV infection suppresses the endogenous BR levels to increase the accumulation of OsGSK2, a key negative regulator of BR signaling. OsGSK2 physically interacts with OsMYC2, resulting in the degradation of OsMYC2 by phosphorylation and reduces JA-mediated defense to facilitate virus infection. These findings not only reveal a novel molecular mechanism mediating the crosstalk between BR and JA in response to virus infection and deepen our understanding about the interaction of virus and plants, but also suggest new effective means of breeding RSV resistant crops using genetic engineering.


Assuntos
Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Oryza , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Transdução de Sinais , Tenuivirus , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Oryza/virologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/virologia , Tenuivirus/genética , Tenuivirus/metabolismo
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 207: 112763, 2020 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882612

RESUMO

Herein a new series of organometallic half-sandwich Ru(Ⅱ) complexes bearing aryl-BIAN chelating ligands with various electron-withdrawing and electron-donating substituents have been developed as theranostic agents. All the complexes display much higher anti-proliferative potency than the clinical chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin towards seven cancer cell lines. The anti-proliferative efficacy of these complexes is correlated to their electron-withdrawing ability. Interestingly, complex Ru1 also potently suppresses cancer cell migration in vitro and effectively inhibit tumor growth in vivo in a CT26 colon cancer mouse xenograft model. Mechanisms of action studies display that Ru1 can favorably accumulate in lysosome and exerts anti-cancer potency by inducing a series of events related to lysosomal dysfunction in CT26 cells. Interestingly, inhibition of lysosomal enzymes leads to suppression of cytotoxicity and apoptosis induced by Ru1. Our results elucidate that complex Ru1 can elicit cytotoxicity through lysosome-mediated apoptosis in vitro and suppress tumor growth in vivo.

17.
Scott Med J ; 65(4): 154-160, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prognostic value of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-monocyte ratio and red cell distribution width in type 2 diabetics with COVID-19. METHODS: We collected the data of type 2 diabetics with COVID-19 treated in our hospital from January 28 to March 15, 2020 and performed a retrospective analysis. Using severity, duration of hospital stay, and the time required for nucleic acid results became negative as prognostic indicators, we explored the relationship between these inflammation-based markers and prognosis of type 2 diabetics with COVID-19. RESULTS: A total of 134 type 2 diabetics with COVID-19 were selected for this study. Correlation analysis showed that NLR, LMR and RDW were correlated with prognosis (P < 0.05). In multivariate regression analysis after controlling for the relevant confounding factors, COVID-19 diabetes patients with higher NLR had heavier severity, longer duration of hospital stay, more time required for nucleic acid results became negative, and heavier hospital expenses (P < 0.05). ROC curve result displayed that higher NLR predicted all prognostic indicators with statistical significance, and lower LMR predicted severe and extremely severe with statistical significance (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: NLR is a more powerful and practical marker for predicting the prognosis of type 2 diabetic COVID-19 patients that is simple and fast.

18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4591, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929084

RESUMO

Although the efficacy of cancer radiotherapy (RT) can be enhanced by targeted immunotherapy, the immunosuppressive factors induced by radiation on tumor cells remain to be identified. Here, we report that CD47-mediated anti-phagocytosis is concurrently upregulated with HER2 in radioresistant breast cancer (BC) cells and RT-treated mouse syngeneic BC. Co-expression of both receptors is more frequently detected in recurrent BC patients with poor prognosis. CD47 is upregulated preferentially in HER2-expressing cells, and blocking CD47 or HER2 reduces both receptors with diminished clonogenicity and augmented phagocytosis. CRISPR-mediated CD47 and HER2 dual knockouts not only inhibit clonogenicity but also enhance macrophage-mediated attack. Dual antibody of both receptors synergizes with RT in control of syngeneic mouse breast tumor. These results provide the evidence that aggressive behavior of radioresistant BC is caused by CD47-mediated anti-phagocytosis conjugated with HER2-prompted proliferation. Dual blockade of CD47 and HER2 is suggested to eliminate resistant cancer cells in BC radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Antígeno CD47/metabolismo , Tolerância a Radiação , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Antígeno CD47/genética , Proliferação de Células , Células Clonais , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fagocitose , Transdução de Sinais , Transcrição Genética , Carga Tumoral
19.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noninvasive monitoring of fetal development and the early detection of pregnancy-associated complications is challenging, largely because of the lack of information about the molecular spectrum during pregnancy. Recently, cell-free DNA in plasma was found to reflect the global nucleosome footprint and status of gene expression and showed potential for noninvasive health monitoring during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the relationships between plasma cell-free DNA profiles and pregnancy biology and evaluate the use of a cell-free DNA profile as a noninvasive method for physiological and pathologic status monitoring during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We used genome cell-free DNA sequencing data generated from noninvasive prenatal testing in a total of 2937 pregnant women. For each physiological and pathologic condition, features of the cell-free DNA profile were identified using the discovery cohort, and support vector machine classifiers were built and evaluated using independent training and validation cohorts. RESULTS: We established nucleosome occupancy profiles at transcription start sites in different gestational trimesters, demonstrated the relationships between gene expression and cell-free DNA coverage at transcription start sites, and showed that the cell-free DNA profiles at transcription start sites represented the biological processes of pregnancy. In addition, using cell-free DNA data, nucleosome profiles of transcription factor binding sites were identified to reflect the transcription factor footprint, which may help to reveal the molecular mechanisms underlying pregnancy. Finally, by using machine-learning models on low-coverage noninvasive prenatal testing data, we evaluated the use of cell-free DNA nucleosome profiles for distinguishing gestational trimesters, fetal sex, and fetal trisomy 21 and highlighted its potential utility for predicting physiological and pathologic fetal conditions by using low-coverage noninvasive prenatal testing data. CONCLUSION: Our analyses profiled nucleosome footprints and regulatory networks during pregnancy and established a noninvasive proof-of-principle methodology for health monitoring during pregnancy.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993050

RESUMO

Sugars, which are important signaling molecules, regulate diverse biological processes in plants. However, the convergent regulatory mechanisms governing these physiological activities have not been fully elucidated. MODIFIER OF snc1-1 (MOS1), a modulator of plant immunity, also regulates floral transition, cell cycle control, and other biological processes. However, there was no evidence of whether this protein was involved in sugar responses. In this study, we found that the loss-of-function mutant mos1-6 (mos1) was hypersensitive to sugar and was characterized by defective germination and shortened roots when grown on high-sugar medium. The expression of MOS1 was enhanced by sucrose. Hexokinase 1, an important gene involved in sugar signaling, was upregulated in the mos1 mutant compared to wild-type Col-0 in response to sugar. Furthermore, the mos1 mutant accumulated more anthocyanin than did wild-type Col-0 when grown on high-sugar concentration medium or under high light. MOS1 was found to regulate the expression of flavonoid and anthocyanin biosynthetic genes in response to exogenous sucrose and high-light stress but with different underlying mechanisms, showing multiple functions in addition to immunity regulation in plant development. Our results suggest that the immune regulator MOS1 serves as a coordinator in the regulatory network, governing immunity and other physiological processes.

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