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1.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 213, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cuproptosis is a newly identified form of unprogrammed cell death. As a pivotal metabolic regulator, glutaminase (GLS) has recently been discovered to be linked to cuproptosis. Despite this discovery, the oncogenic functions and mechanisms of GLS in various cancers are still not fully understood. METHODS: In this study, a comprehensive omics analysis was performed to investigate the differential expression levels, diagnostic and prognostic potential, correlation with tumor immune infiltration, genetic alterations, and drug sensitivity of GLS across multiple malignancies. RESULTS: Our findings revealed unique expression patterns of GLS across various cancer types and molecular subtypes of carcinomas, underscoring its pivotal role primarily in energy and nutrition metabolism. Additionally, GLS showed remarkable diagnostic and prognostic performance in specific cancers, suggesting its potential as a promising biomarker for cancer detection and prognosis. Furthermore, we focused on uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma (UCEC) and developed a novel prognostic model associated with GLS, indicating a close correlation between GLS and UCEC. Moreover, our exploration into immune infiltration, genetic heterogeneity, tumor stemness, and drug sensitivity provided novel insights and directions for future research and laid the foundation for high-quality verification. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our study is the first comprehensive investigation of the biological and clinical significance of GLS in pan-cancer. In our study, GLS was identified as a promising biomarker for UCEC, providing valuable evidence and a potential target for anti-tumor therapy. Overall, our findings shed light on the multifaceted functions of GLS in cancer and offer new avenues for further research.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Glutaminase , Humanos , Glutaminase/genética , Multiômica , Pesquisa , Biomarcadores
2.
J Autoimmun ; 145: 103218, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574420

RESUMO

Peripheral helper T cells (Tph) are a specialized subset of CD4+ T cells with the ability to help B cells and induce antibody production. Although usually located in ectopic lymphoid-like structures (ELS), inside the peripheral blood, Tph cells can also be identified. The aberrant proliferation and functions of Tph cells are commonly found in the patients with disease. In this review, first we will summarize the biological characteristics of Tph cells, such as the expression of surface molecules, transcription factors and cytokines, and discuss its B cell help functions. Tph cells also have roles in a wide range of human diseases, including autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, malignancies etc. Therefore, there is a strong interest in targeting Tph cells to improve treat strategies of human diseases.

3.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e52935, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large language models (LLMs) have gained prominence since the release of ChatGPT in late 2022. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of citations and references generated by ChatGPT (GPT-3.5) in two distinct academic domains: the natural sciences and humanities. METHODS: Two researchers independently prompted ChatGPT to write an introduction section for a manuscript and include citations; they then evaluated the accuracy of the citations and Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs). Results were compared between the two disciplines. RESULTS: Ten topics were included, including 5 in the natural sciences and 5 in the humanities. A total of 102 citations were generated, with 55 in the natural sciences and 47 in the humanities. Among these, 40 citations (72.7%) in the natural sciences and 36 citations (76.6%) in the humanities were confirmed to exist (P=.42). There were significant disparities found in DOI presence in the natural sciences (39/55, 70.9%) and the humanities (18/47, 38.3%), along with significant differences in accuracy between the two disciplines (18/55, 32.7% vs 4/47, 8.5%). DOI hallucination was more prevalent in the humanities (42/55, 89.4%). The Levenshtein distance was significantly higher in the humanities than in the natural sciences, reflecting the lower DOI accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: ChatGPT's performance in generating citations and references varies across disciplines. Differences in DOI standards and disciplinary nuances contribute to performance variations. Researchers should consider the strengths and limitations of artificial intelligence writing tools with respect to citation accuracy. The use of domain-specific models may enhance accuracy.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Idioma , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pesquisadores , Redação
4.
Res Sq ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585981

RESUMO

Purpose: CD133, a cancer stem cells (CSC) marker, has been reported to be associated with treatment resistance and worse survival in triple-negative breast cancer (BC). However, the clinical relevance of CD133 expression in ER-positive/HER2-negative (ER+/HER2-) BC, the most abundant subtype, remains unknown. Methods: The BC cohorts from the Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium (METABRIC, n = 1904) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, n = 1065) were used to obtain biological variables and gene expression data. Results: Epithelial cells were the exclusive source of CD133 gene expression in a bulk BC. CD133-high ER+/HER2- BC was associated with CD24, NOTCH1, DLL1, and ALDH1A1 gene expressions, as well as with WNT/ß-Catenin, Hedgehog, and Notchsignaling pathways, all characteristic for CSC. Consistent with a CSC phenotype, CD133-low BC was enriched with gene sets related to cell proliferation, such as G2M Checkpoint, MYC Targets V1, E2F Targets, and Ki67 gene expression. CD133-low BC was also linked with enrichment of genes related to DNA repair, such as BRCA1, E2F1, E2F4, CDK1/2. On the other hand, CD133-high tumors had proinflammatory microenvironment, higher activity of immune cells, and higher expression of genes related to inflammation and immune response. Finally, CD133-high tumors had better pathological complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in GSE25066 cohort and better disease-free survival and overall survival in both TCGA and METABRIC cohorts. Conclusion: CD133-high ER+/HER2- BC was associated with CSC phenotype such as less cell proliferation and DNA repair, but also with enhanced inflammation, better response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and better prognosis.

5.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1302: 342503, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing uranium containing wastes generated during uranium mining and finishing pose a huge threat to the environment and human health, and thus robust strategies for on-site monitoring of uranium pollutant are of great significance for environmental protection around uranium tailings. RESULTS: Herein, a facile "turn-on" colorimetric platform that can achieve uranium detection by spectrometry and naked eyes was developed based on the uranium-enhanced nanozyme activity of covalent organic framework (JUC-505). Thanks to the extended π-conjugated skeleton and donor-acceptor (D-A) structure, JUC-505 exhibited superior photo-activated nanozyme activity, which would be prohibited when the cyano group in JUC-505 skeleton was transformed to the amidoxime group. Further results elucidated that the coordination of uranium with amidoxime groups led to the electron transfer between uranium and the JUC-505-AO skeleton, and thus significantly restored the nanozymatic activity of JUC-505-AO with the subsequent remarkable color changes. Moreover, the uranium concentrations in uranium tailing wastewater detected by the present "turn-on" colorimetric method were well agreed with those by ICP-MS, demonstrating a high accuracy of the present method in real samples. SIGNIFICANCE: The D-A structured JUC-505 with superior photocatalytic property and nanozymatic activity was applied to facilitate colorimetric detection of uranium, which displays the advantages of low detection limit, excellent selectivity, fast response and simple operation for uranium detection in real samples, and shows a great potential in on-site monitoring of uranium pollutant around uranium tailings as well as nuclear power plant.

6.
Oecologia ; 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582800

RESUMO

Allelopathy has a profound impact on the germination and growth of plants, influencing the establishment of plant populations and shaping community ecological patterns. However, the allelopathic potential of many grassland species remains poorly understood. In this study, we prepared aqueous extracts from 17 herbaceous plants to investigate their allelopathic effects on the seed germination and seedling growth of Leymus chinensis, a dominant grassland species. Our results revealed that the response of L. chinensis to allelopathic compounds was dependent on the specific plant species, extract concentration, and target plant organ. Notably, Fabaceae plants exhibited a stronger allelopathic potential than Poaceae, Asteraceae, and other plant families. Moreover, we observed that root growth of L. chinensis was more sensitive to allelopathy than shoot growth, and seed germination was more affected than seedling growth. Generally, the germination of L. chinensis was strongly inhibited as the donor plant extract concentration increased. The leachate of Fabaceae plants inhibited the seedling growth of L. chinensis at concentrations ranging from 0.025 to 0.1 g mL-1. On the other hand, the leachate from other families' plants exhibited either inhibitory or hormetic effects on the early growth of L. chinensis, promoting growth at 0.025 g mL-1 and hindering it at concentrations between 0.05 and 0.1 g mL-1. These findings highlight the significant allelopathic potential of grassland plants, which plays a critical role in establishing plant populations and associated ecological processes. In addition, they shed light on the coexistence of other plants with dominant plants in the community.

7.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1274651, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586194

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the contrast sensitivity function (CSF) changes in simple high myopia (SHM) and evaluate the correlations between these changes with the early changes in the retinal microstructure. Methods: This prospective study comprised 81 subjects, 20 with emmetropia (EM), 26 with low myopia and moderate myopia (LM/MM), and 35 with SHM. The area under the log CSF curve (AULCSF) and the cut-off spatial frequency (Cut-off SF) were employed as measures of CSF. Adaptive optics (AO) was employed to quantify the cone density, spacing, and regularity. The thickness and blood flow of the retinal sublayers were determined from vertical and horizontal optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) A-scans. Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) was employed to analyze the choroidal thickness (CT) and choroidal vascularity using a custom algorithm. Differences in the retinal and choroidal parameters, cone distribution, AULCSF, and Cut-off SF were compared among the three groups. Multivariate linear mixed models were used to elucidate the associations between photoreceptor morphological alterations, retinal and choroidal parameters, and AULCSF. Results: The AULCSF and Cut-off SF were significantly lower in the SHM group compared to the EM and LM groups (p < 0.05). The SHM group had less cone density, larger cone spacing, and lower cone regularity than the EM and LM/MM groups (p < 0.05). Moreover, the thickness of the inner segment of photoreceptors (IS), retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) layer and choroid were reduced, and the outer segment of photoreceptors (OS) was thicker in the SHM group compared to the EM and LM/MM groups (all p < 0.05). A longer axial length (AL) was correlated with decreased AULCSF, cone density, and cone spacing (r = -0.800 to 0.752, all p < 0.050). Additionally, decreased CSF was correlated with lower cone density (r = 0.338, p = 0.035). Conclusion: Decreased contrast sensitivity was observed in patients with SHM and cone density was significantly correlated with reduced AUCSF.

8.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 22, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers play important roles in supporting breastfeeding. Although there has been insufficient actual breastfeeding support from healthcare providers in China, little research has been conducted to understand Chinese healthcare providers' perceived barriers to providing breastfeeding support, especially in rural China. This study aims to identify these perceived barriers to providing breastfeeding support in Northwestern rural China. METHODS: This study was conducted during the period from March 2018 to December 2018. Forty-one healthcare providers were recruited through purposive sampling in two rural counties in Northwest China that are in close proximity to each other and share similar demographic features. Participants included obstetrician-gynecologists, midwives, nurses, "village doctors", and township and village maternal and child health workers. Qualitative data were collected through one-on-one in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. Transcripts were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Analysis of interview data resulted in four themes that the participants perceived as barriers to supporting breastfeeding: (1) lack of medical resources, within which inadequate staffing, and lack of financial incentives were discussed, (2) lack of clear and specific responsibility assignment, within which no one takes the lead, and mutual buck-passing were discussed, (3) healthcare providers' lack of relevant expertise, within which lack of knowledge and skills, and low prestige of village healthcare providers were discussed, (4) difficulties in accessing mothers, within which medical equipment shortages reduce services utilization, mothers' housing situation, mothers' mobility, and cultural barriers were discussed. CONCLUSIONS: The study identified HCPs perceived barriers to providing breastfeeding support. Unique to China's Tri-Level Healthcare System, challenges like staffing and financial incentives are hard to swiftly tackle. Recommendations include mHealth enhancement and clarified responsibilities with incentives and tailored training. Further research is crucial to evaluate these strategies in rural Northwestern China and comparable underdeveloped areas nationwide.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Pessoal de Saúde , Gravidez , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Mães , China
9.
BMC Microbiol ; 24(1): 112, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postpartum women often experience stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and vaginal microbial dysbiosis, which seriously affect women's physical and mental health. Understanding the relationship between SUI and vaginal microbiota composition may help to prevent vaginal diseases, but research on the potential association between these conditions is limited. RESULTS: This study employed 16S rRNA gene sequencing to explore the association between SUI and vaginal dysbiosis. In terms of the vaginal microbiota, both species richness and evenness were significantly higher in the SUI group. Additionally, the results of NMDS and species composition indicated that there were differences in the composition of the vaginal microbiota between the two groups. Specifically, compared to postpartum women without SUI (Non-SUI), the relative abundance of bacteria associated with bacterial dysbiosis, such as Streptococcus, Prevotella, Dialister, and Veillonella, showed an increase, while the relative abundance of Lactobacillus decreased in SUI patients. Furthermore, the vaginal microbial co-occurrence network of SUI patients displayed higher connectivity, complexity, and clustering. CONCLUSION: The study highlights the role of Lactobacillus in maintaining vaginal microbial homeostasis. It found a correlation between SUI and vaginal microbiota, indicating an increased risk of vaginal dysbiosis. The findings could enhance our understanding of the relationship between SUI and vaginal dysbiosis in postpartum women, providing valuable insights for preventing bacterial vaginal diseases and improving women's health.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Doenças Vaginais , Feminino , Humanos , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia , Disbiose/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Vagina/microbiologia , Microbiota/genética , Lactobacillus/genética , Bactérias/genética , Doenças Vaginais/complicações
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 411, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is home to various ecological niches, each with its own unique microbial composition. Understanding the microbial communities and gene composition in different ecological niches within the oral cavity of oral cancer (OC) patients is crucial for determining how these microbial populations contribute to disease progression. METHODS: In this study, saliva and dental plaque samples were collected from patients with OC. Metagenomic sequencing was employed to analyze the microbial community classification and functional composition of the different sample groups. RESULTS: The results of the study revealed significant differences in both the function and classification of microbial communities between saliva and dental plaque samples. The diversity of microbial species in saliva was found to be higher compared to  that in plaque samples. Notably, Actinobacteria were enriched in the dental plaque of OC patients. Furthermore, the study identified several inter-group differential marker species, including Prevotella intermedia, Haemophilus parahaemolyticus, Actinomyces radius, Corynebacterium matruchitii, and Veillonella atypica. Additionally, 1,353 differential genes were annotated into 23 functional pathways. Interestingly, a significant correlation was observed between differentially labeled species and Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection, which may be related to the occurrence and development of cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in the microbial and genetic composition of saliva and dental plaque samples were observed in OC patients. Furthermore, pathogenic bacteria associated with oral diseases were predominantly enriched in saliva. The identification of inter-group differential biomarkers and pathways provide insights into the relationship between oral microbiota and the occurrence and development of OC.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Saliva/microbiologia , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
11.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569126

RESUMO

Defect engineering plays a pivotal role in regulating electronic structure and facilitating charge transfer, yielding captivating effects on third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties. In this work, we utilized a mixed-linker strategy to intentionally disrupt the initial periodic arrangement of UiO-66 and construct defects. Specifically, we incorporated tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP) with an exceptionally electron-rich delocalization system into the framework of UiO-66 using a one-pot solvothermal method, ingeniously occupying the partial distribution sites of the Zr6 clusters. Compared to UiO-66, the NLO absorption and refraction performance of TCPP/UiO-66 were significantly improved. Additionally, due to the presence of nitrogen-rich sites that can accommodate metal ions in the porphyrin ring of TCPP, Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) are introduced into TCPP/UiO-66, extending the d-π conjugation effect to further regulate the defects. The NLO absorption behavior transforms saturation absorption (SA) to reverse saturation absorption (RSA), while the refraction behavior shifts from self-defocusing to self-focusing. This work shows that defects can effectively regulate the electronic structure, while TCPP plays a crucial role in significantly enhancing electron delocalization.

12.
Opt Express ; 32(7): 12926-12940, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571100

RESUMO

With the increasing demand for privacy, multispectral camouflage devices that utilize metasurface designs in combination with mature detection technologies have become effective. However, these early designs face challenges in realizing multispectral camouflage with a single metasurface and restricted modes. Therefore, this paper proposes a dynamically tunable metasurface. The metasurface consists of gold (Au), antimony selenide (Sb2Se3), and aluminum (Al), which enables radiative cooling, light detection and ranging (LiDAR) and infrared camouflage. In the amorphous phase of Sb2Se3, the thermal radiation reduction rate in the mid wave infrared range (MWIR) is up to 98.2%. The echo signal reduction rate for the 1064 nm LiDAR can reach 96.3%. In the crystalline phase of Sb2Se3, the highest cooling power is 65.5 Wm-2. Hence the metasurface can reduce the surface temperature and achieve efficient infrared camouflage. This metasurface design provides a new strategy for making devices compatible with multispectral camouflage and radiative cooling.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563394

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) exhibits limited responsiveness to immunotherapy owing to its immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Here, a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-labile nanodrug encapsulating the photosensitizer Ce6 and Bcl-2 inhibitor ABT-737 was developed to provoke a robust immune response via the synergistic effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and the reversal of apoptosis resistance. Upon exposure to first-wave near-infrared laser irradiation, the generated ROS triggers PEG cleavage, facilitating the accumulation of the nanodrug at tumor region and endocytosis by tumor cells. Further irradiation leads to the substantial generation of cytotoxic ROS, initiating an immunogenic cell death (ICD) cascade, which prompts the maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) as well as the infiltration of T cells into the tumor site. Meanwhile, Bcl-2 inhibition counteracts apoptosis resistance, thereby amplifying PDT-induced ICD and bolstering antitumor immunity. As a result, the ROS-sensitive nanodrug demonstrates a potent inhibitory effect on tumor growth.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The endometrial cancer is a disorder with elevated oxidative stress. The high oxidative stress resulting from hyperglycemia can lead to diabetic retinopathy (DR) development which is a complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Accordingly, we aim to evaluate the potential relationship between the endometrial cancer and following DR development. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. Individuals diagnosed with endometrial cancer were matched to the non-endometrial cancer patients in a 1:4 ratio. The major outcomes are the presence of DR, diabetic macular edema (DME) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) according to diagnostic codes. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to show the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) of major outcomes between groups. RESULTS: There were 99 (2.3%), 20 (0.5%), and 14 (0.3%) cases with DR, DME and PDR in the endometrial cancer group, respectively. Another 303 (1.8%), 35 (0.2%), and 27 (0.2%) with DR, DME and PDR were observed in the control group, respectively. The endometrial cancer group revealed a significantly higher incidence of DR compared with the control group (aHR 1.51, 95% CI 1.20-1.90, P < 0.001). The cumulative probability of DR was also higher in the endometrial cancer group than in the control group (P < 0.001). The relationship between endometrial cancer and DR was significantly higher in patients aged over 70 years (P = 0.008). In addition, a higher incidence of DR was found during the first 5 years after the endometrial cancer diagnosis (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The endometrial cancer correlates to a higher incidence of subsequent DR, especially within first 5 years of endometrial cancer diagnosis.

15.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101312, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559444

RESUMO

Protein glutaminase (PG), originating from Chryseobacterium proteolyticum, can catalyze the deamidation of glutamine residues in plant proteins into glutamic acid, thus enhancing its functional properties. However, the low yield of PG limits its industrial production. In this study, the yield of PG in C. proteolyticum TM1040 increased by 121 %, up to 7.30 U/mL in a 15 L fermenter after medium optimization. Subsequently, purified PG was obtained by cation exchange chromatography (CEX) coupled with hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC). The degree of deamidation (DD) of wheat gluten after purified PG deamidation was 87.11 %, which is superior to chemical deamidation in safety and DD. The emulsifying and foaming properties of deamidated wheat gluten were 2.67 and 18.86 times higher, and the water- and oil-holding properties were 4.23 and 18.77 times higher, respectively. The deamidated wheat gluten with enhanced functional properties was used to improve the flavor and texture in baking cakes.

16.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 38(4): e23676, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561971

RESUMO

Although the treatment of ovarian cancer has made great progress, there are still many patients who are not timely detected and given targeted therapy due to unknown pathogenesis. Recent studies have found that hsa_circ_0015326 is upregulated in ovarian cancer and is involved in the proliferation, invasion, and migration of ovarian cancer cells. However, whether hsa_circ_0015326 can be used as a new target of ovarian cancer needs further investigation. Therefore, the effect of hsa_circ_0015326 on epithelial ovarian cancer was investigated in this study. At first, si-hsa_circ_0015326 lentivirus was transfected into epithelial ovarian cancer cells. Then real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect hsa_circ_0015326 level. The proliferation of ovarian cancer cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The horizontal and vertical migration abilities of the cells were detected by wound-healing assay and Transwell assay, respectively. Transwell assay was also used to determine the invasion rate. As for the apoptosis rate, it was assessed by flow cytometry. As a result, the expression level of hsa_circ_0015326 in A2780 and SKOV3 was found to be higher than that in IOSE-80. However, after transfecting si-hsa_circ_0015326 and si-NC into the cells, the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of A2780 and SKOV3 cells in the si-hsa_circ_0015326 group were significantly reduced in comparison to those in the si-NC and mock groups, while their apoptosis rates were elevated. Collectively, silencing hsa_circ_0015326 bears the capability of inhibiting the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ovarian cancer cells while increasing apoptosis rate. It can be concluded that hsa_circ_0015326 promotes the malignant biological activities of epithelial ovarian cancer cells.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , RNA/metabolismo , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Apoptose , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Movimento Celular
17.
J Neurosci Res ; 102(4): e25325, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562056

RESUMO

Brain states (wake, sleep, general anesthesia, etc.) are profoundly associated with the spatiotemporal dynamics of brain oscillations. Previous studies showed that the EEG alpha power shifted from the occipital cortex to the frontal cortex (alpha anteriorization) after being induced into a state of general anesthesia via propofol. The sleep research literature suggests that slow waves and sleep spindles are generated locally and propagated gradually to different brain regions. Since sleep and general anesthesia are conceptualized under the same framework of consciousness, the present study examines whether alpha anteriorization similarly occurs during sleep and how the EEG power in other frequency bands changes during different sleep stages. The results from the analysis of three polysomnography datasets of 234 participants show consistent alpha anteriorization during the sleep stages N2 and N3, beta anteriorization during stage REM, and theta posteriorization during stages N2 and N3. Although it is known that the neural circuits responsible for sleep are not exactly the same for general anesthesia, the findings of alpha anteriorization in this study suggest that, at macro level, the circuits for alpha oscillations are organized in the similar cortical areas. The spatial shifts of EEG power in different frequency bands during sleep may offer meaningful neurophysiological markers for the level of consciousness.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Sono de Ondas Lentas , Humanos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Sono de Ondas Lentas/fisiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Fases do Sono/fisiologia , Polissonografia
18.
Postgrad Med J ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) remains unclear. Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection might trigger immune-mediated reactions. We aimed to examine NTS and the risk of subsequent AD. METHODS: From 2002 to 2015, eligible patients (aged 0-100 years) with NTS were identified. NTS and non-NTS groups were matched at a 1:10 ratio on age and sex. We utilized conditional multivariable Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for AD development. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on age, sex, and severity of NTS infection. We utilized landmark analysis to explore the time-dependent hazard of AD following NTS. RESULTS: In the NTS group (N = 6624), 403 developed AD. After full adjustment of demographics and comorbidities, the NTS group had a higher risk of AD than the reference group (aHR = 1.217, 95% CI = 1.096-1.352). Age-stratified analysis revealed that NTS group exhibited an elevated risk compared to the reference group, particularly among those aged 13-30 years (aHR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.017-1.559), individuals aged 31-50 years (aHR = 1.388, 95% CI = 1.112-1.733), those aged 51-70 years (aHR = 1.301, 95% CI = 1.008-1.679), and individuals aged 71 years and over (aHR = 1.791, 95% CI = 1.260-2.545). Severe NTS was associated with a higher risk of AD than the reference group (aHR = 2.411, 95% CI = 1.577-3.685). Landmark analysis showed generally consistent findings. CONCLUSIONS: Minimizing exposure to NTS infection may represent a prospective strategy for averting the onset and progression of atopic dermatitis.

19.
J Clin Invest ; 134(7)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557493

RESUMO

Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis (MASH) - previously described as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) - is a major driver of liver fibrosis in humans, while liver fibrosis is a key determinant of all-cause mortality in liver disease independent of MASH occurrence. CCAAT/enhancer binding protein α (CEBPA), as a versatile ligand-independent transcriptional factor, has an important function in myeloid cells, and is under clinical evaluation for cancer therapy. CEBPA is also expressed in hepatocytes and regulates glucolipid homeostasis; however, the role of hepatocyte-specific CEBPA in modulating liver fibrosis progression is largely unknown. Here, hepatic CEBPA expression was found to be decreased during MASH progression both in humans and mice, and hepatic CEBPA mRNA was negatively correlated with MASH fibrosis in the human liver. CebpaΔHep mice had markedly enhanced liver fibrosis induced by a high-fat, high-cholesterol, high-fructose diet or carbon tetrachloride. Temporal and spatial hepatocyte-specific CEBPA loss at the progressive stage of MASH in CebpaΔHep,ERT2 mice functionally promoted liver fibrosis. Mechanistically, hepatocyte CEBPA directly repressed Spp1 transactivation to reduce the secretion of osteopontin, a fibrogenesis inducer of hepatic stellate cells. Forced hepatocyte-specific CEBPA expression reduced MASH-associated liver fibrosis. These results demonstrate an important role for hepatocyte-specific CEBPA in liver fibrosis progression, and may help guide the therapeutic discoveries targeting hepatocyte CEBPA for the treatment of liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proteína alfa Estimuladora de Ligação a CCAAT , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134226, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593665

RESUMO

Contaminants may induce immune response polarization, leading to immune diseases, such as allergic diseases. Evidence concerning the effects of chlorinated paraffins (CPs), an emerging persistent organic pollutant, on immune system is scarce, particularly for epidemiological evidence. This study explores the association between CPs exposure and allergic diseases (allergic rhinitis, atopic eczema, and allergic conjunctivitis) in children and adolescents in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) in China. Herein, 131,304 children and adolescents from primary and secondary schools in the PRD were included and completed the questionnaire survey. The particulate matter (PM) samples were collected in the PRD and the PM2.5-bound CP concentrations were analyzed. In the multivarious adjustment mixed effect model (MEM), an IQR increase in ∑CPs was significantly associated with allergic diseases (rhinitis, eczema, and conjunctivitis) with the estimated odds ratios (ORs) for 1.11 (95% CI: 1.10, 1.13), 1.17 (95% CI: 1.15, 1.19), and 1.82 (95% CI: 1.76, 1.88), respectively. Interaction analysis indicated that overweight and obese individuals might have greater risk. Similar effect estimates were observed in several sensitivity analyses. This study provided epidemiological evidence on the immunotoxicity of CPs. More studies to confirm our findings and investigate mechanisms are needed.

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