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1.
J Asthma ; : 1-14, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478043

RESUMO

Objective: In a previous study we have shown that, in the presence of interleukin (IL)-33, repeated, per-nasal challenge of murine airways with Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) organisms induces human asthma-like airways inflammation. It is not clear, however, whether this effect is unique or manifest in response to other common respiratory pathogens.Methods: To explore this, airways of BALB/c mice were repeatedly challenged per-nasally with formaldehyde-inactivated bacterial bodies in the presence or absence of murine recombinant IL-33. Serum concentrations of S.pneumoniae, Moraxella catarrhalis (M.catarrhalis) and Haemophilus influenzae (H.influenzae) lysates-specific IgE were measured in patients with asthma and control subjects.Results: We showed that in the presence of IL-33, repeated, per-nasal airways exposure to the bodies of these bacteria induced airways hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in the experimental mice. This was accompanied by cellular infiltration into bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), eosinophilic infiltration and mucous hypertrophy of the lung tissue, with elevated local expression of some type 2 cytokines and elevated, specific IgG and IgE in the serum. The precise characteristics of the inflammation evoked by exposure to each bacterial species were distinguishable.Conclusions: These results suggest that in the certain circumstances, inhaled or commensal bacterial body antigens of both Gram-positive (S. pneumoniae) and Gram-negative (M. catarrhalis and H. influenzae) respiratory tract bacteria may initiate type 2 inflammation typical of asthma in the airways. In addition, we demonstrated that human asthmatic patients manifest elevated serum concentrations of M.catarrhalis- and H.influenzae-specific IgE.

2.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e47453, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom during and after COVID-19 infection; however, few studies have described the cough profiles of COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of severe and persistent cough in individuals with COVID-19 during the latest wave of the Omicron variant in China. METHODS: In this nationwide cross-sectional study, we collected information of the characteristics of cough from individuals with infection of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant using an online questionnaire sent between December 31, 2022, and January 11, 2023. RESULTS: There were 11,718 (n=7978, 68.1% female) nonhospitalized responders, with a median age of 37 (IQR 30-47) years who responded at a median of 16 (IQR 12-20) days from infection onset to the time of the survey. Cough was the most common symptom, occurring in 91.7% of participants, followed by fever, fatigue, and nasal congestion (68.8%-87.4%). The median cough visual analog scale (VAS) score was 70 (IQR 50-80) mm. Being female (odds ratio [OR] 1.31, 95% CI 1.20-1.43), having a COVID-19 vaccination history (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.37-2.12), current smoking (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.41-0.58), chronic cough (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.69-2.45), coronary heart disease (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.17-2.52), asthma (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.02-1.46), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.45) were independent factors for severe cough (VAS>70, 37.4%). Among all respondents, 35.0% indicated having a productive cough, which was associated with risk factors of being female (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.31-1.57), having asthma (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.52-2.22), chronic cough (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.19-1.74), and GERD (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.01-1.47). Persistent cough (>3 weeks) occurred in 13.0% of individuals, which was associated with the risk factors of having diabetes (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.30-3.85), asthma (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.11-2.62), and chronic cough (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.32-2.94). CONCLUSIONS: Cough is the most common symptom in nonhospitalized individuals with Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant infection. Being female, having asthma, chronic cough, GERD, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and a COVID-19 vaccination history emerged as independent factors associated with severe cough, productive cough, and persistent cough.


Assuntos
Asma , COVID-19 , Doença das Coronárias , Diabetes Mellitus , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Transversais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Tosse/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , China/epidemiologia , Asma/complicações , Asma/epidemiologia
3.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 45: 101021, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352242

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence, epidemiological and clinical heterogeneities, and impact profiles of individuals with preserved ratio impaired spirometry (PRISm), pre-COPD, young COPD, and mild COPD in general Chinese population were not known yet. Methods: Data were obtained from the China Pulmonary Health study (2012-2015), a nationally representative cross-sectional survey that recruited 50,991 adults aged 20 years or older. Definitions of the four early disease status were consistent with the latest publications and the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria. Findings: The age-standardised prevalences of PRISm, pre-COPD, young COPD, and mild COPD were 5.5% (95% confidence interval, 4.3-6.9), 7.2% (5.9-8.8), 1.1% (0.7-1.8), and 3.1% (2.5-3.8), respectively. In summary, mild COPD was under more direct or established impact factor exposures, such as older age, male gender, lower education level, lower family income, biomass use, air pollution, and more accumulative cigarette exposures; young COPD and pre-COPD experienced more personal and parents' events in earlier lives, such as history of bronchitis or pneumonia in childhood, frequent chronic cough in childhood, parental history of respiratory diseases, passive smoke exposure in childhood, and mother exposed to passive smoke while pregnant; pre-COPD coexisted with heavier symptoms and comorbidities burdens; young COPD exhibited worse airway obstruction; and most of the four early disease status harbored small airway dysfunction. Overall, older age, male gender, lower education level, living in the urban area, occupational exposure, frequent chronic cough in childhood, more accumulated cigarette exposure, comorbid with cardiovascular disease and gastroesophageal reflux disease were all associated with increased presence of the four early COPD status; different impact profiles were additionally observed with distinct entities. Over the four categories, less than 10% had ever taken pulmonary function test; less than 1% reported a previously diagnosed COPD; and no more than 13% had received pharmaceutical treatment. Interpretation: Significant heterogeneities in prevalence, epidemiological and clinical features, and impact profiles were noted under varied defining criteria of early COPD; a unified and validated definition for an early disease stage is warranted. Closer attention, better management, and further research need to be administrated to these population. Funding: Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Institute of Respiratory Medicine Grant for Young Scholars (No. 2023-ZF-9); China International Medical Foundation (No. Z-2017-24-2301); Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences (No. 2021-I2M-1-049); National High Level Hospital Clinical Research Funding (No. 2022-NHLHCRF-LX-01); Major Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82090011).

4.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e53170, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) is a known risk factor for offspring developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore whether the increased COPD risk associated with MSDP could be attributed to tobacco dependence (TD). METHODS: This case-control study used data from the nationwide cross-sectional China Pulmonary Health study, with controls matched for age, sex, and smoking status. TD was defined as smoking within 30 minutes of waking, and the severity of TD was assessed using the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence. COPD was diagnosed when the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity was <0.7 in a postbronchodilator pulmonary function test according to the 2017 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease criteria. Logistic regression was used to examine the correlation between MSDP and COPD, adjusting for age, sex, BMI, educational attainment, place of residence, ethnic background, occupation, childhood passive smoking, residential fine particulate matter, history of childhood pneumonia or bronchitis, average annual household income, and medical history (coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes). Mediation analysis examined TD as a potential mediator in the link between MSDP and COPD risk. The significance of the indirect effect was assessed through 1000 iterations of the "bootstrap" method. RESULTS: The study included 5943 participants (2991 with COPD and 2952 controls). Mothers of the COPD group had higher pregnancy smoking rates (COPD: n=305, 10.20%; controls: n=211, 7.10%; P<.001). TD was more prevalent in the COPD group (COPD: n=582, 40.40%; controls: n=478, 33.90%; P<.001). After adjusting for covariates, MSDP had a significant effect on COPD (ß=.097; P<.001). There was an association between MSDP and TD (ß=.074; P<.001) as well as between TD and COPD (ß=.048; P=.007). Mediation analysis of TD in the MSDP-COPD association showed significant direct and indirect effects (direct: ß=.094; P<.001 and indirect: ß=.004; P=.03). The indirect effect remains present in the smoking population (direct: ß=.120; P<.001 and indirect: ß=.002; P=.03). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the potential association between MSDP and the risk of COPD in offspring, revealing the mediating role of TD in this association. These findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the impact of prenatal tobacco exposure on lung health, laying the groundwork for the development of relevant prevention and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Tabagismo , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Fumar , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etiologia
5.
Chron Respir Dis ; 20: 14799731231215093, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37949435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) and COPD assessment test (CAT) are used to assess the health status of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), respectively. However, whether these questionnaires are appropriate in patients with asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) has not been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the AQLQ and CAT in subjects with ACO. METHODS: Subjects were enrolled from two previously described observational studies in Beijing, China. ACO was defined by a consensus definition from a roundtable discussion. All subjects completed the AQLQ, CAT, St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), pulmonary function tests, and the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ)-5. Cross-sectional construct validity was evaluated by correlating the AQLQ and CAT with SGRQ score and other measures of asthma and COPD severity. RESULTS: 147 subjects with ACO were recruited. There were floor effects on non-respiratory components of the CAT, and ceiling effects on emotion domains of the AQLQ. Both questionnaires were significantly correlated with ACQ-5 score but were not correlated with FEV1% predicted or FVC% predicted. The AQLQ and CAT were strongly correlated with SGRQ score (r = -0.657 and r = 0.623, respectively). Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that the AQLQ (standardized ß-coefficient = -0.449, p < .001) had a stronger association with SGRQ score compared with CAT (standardized ß-coefficient = 0.211, p = .023). DISCUSSION: The AQLQ and CAT were both valid for assessing the health-related quality of life in subjects with ACO, but the AQLQ performed better than CAT.


Assuntos
Asma , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Asma/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
ERJ Open Res ; 9(6)2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38020560

RESUMO

Background: Although computed tomography (CT)-defined emphysema is considered a predictor of lung cancer risk, it is not fully clear whether CT-defined emphysema is associated with the prognosis of lung cancer. We aimed to assess the clinical impact of CT-defined emphysema on the survival of lung cancer. Methods: In the prospective cohort study of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the correlation between CT-defined emphysema and clinical variables was analysed. A multivariable Cox regression model was built to assess the association between CT-defined emphysema and overall survival (OS) for up to 8.8 years. The differences in survival analyses were derived by Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank testing. Low attenuation area (LAA%) was defined as the per cent of voxels below -950 HU. Results: 854 patients were included and CT-defined emphysema was present in 300 (35.1%) at diagnosis. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild-type (OR 1.998; p<0.001) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) wild-type (OR 2.277; p=0.004) were associated with CT-defined emphysema. CT-defined emphysema remained a significant predictor of prognosis adjusting for age, sex, smoking history, tumour histology and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS), whether in I-IIIA stage (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.745; p=0.017) or in IIIB-IV stage (adjusted HR 1.291; p=0.022). Stratified analyses showed that OS rate among the driver oncogene groups with different CT-defined emphysema status differed significantly (log-rank p<0.001). Furthermore, patients with centrilobular emphysema (CLE) with LAA% >17% displayed poorer survival than those with LAA% ≤17% (median 432 versus 670 days; HR 1.564; p=0.020). Conclusions: CT-defined emphysema, especially CLE with LAA%>17%, is an independent predictor of NSCLC prognosis. Moreover, prospective studies are needed to further explore this association.

7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 593, 2023 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37582707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often have comorbid generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), which requires early screening in respiratory clinics. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire is a brief and commonly used screening tool for GAD but has not been validated among patients with COPD in China. METHODS: Stable patients with COPD from a cross-sectional observational study were assessed using the GAD-7 questionnaire and then assessed by a senior psychiatrist to confirm a diagnosis of GAD according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Demographic characteristics, spirometry, and patient-reported outcomes were collected. Cronbach's α coefficient was calculated, and receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis was performed to validate the GAD-7. RESULTS: A total of 226 patients with COPD were enrolled, and 50 (22.1%) of these patients were diagnosed with GAD. The Cronbach's α coefficient for the GAD-7 was 0.869, which indicated good internal consistency. ROC curve analysis showed that the GAD-7 had an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.829 (95% CI: 0.774-0.876) for identifying GAD. The optimal cut-off score was ≥ 4, with a sensitivity of 66.0% and a specificity of 89.2%. Higher GAD-7 scores were significantly associated with health-related quality of life and the symptom burden of COPD. The discriminatory power of GAD-7 did not differ statistically when stratified by COPD severity. CONCLUSIONS: The GAD-7 was shown to be a reliable and valid screening tool for patients with COPD in China, and its screening performance for GAD was not influenced by disease severity.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Psicometria
8.
J Asthma ; 60(12): 2111-2120, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37272671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Both patients and physicians may be hesitant toward vaccination in patients with asthma, which may result in lower vaccine uptake. The aim of this work was to investigate the vaccination rate, the adverse reactions, as well as the factors associated with vaccine acceptance and hesitancy toward COVID-19 vaccination among asthmatic patients in Beijing. METHODS: A multi-center, cross-sectional face-to-face survey was conducted in patients with asthma consecutively recruited from December 2021 to April 2022. The survey included asthma status, COVID-19 vaccine uptake and adverse reactions, and knowledge of and attitude toward COVID-19 vaccination. RESULTS: A total of 261 patients were enrolled. The rate of COVID-19 vaccination during the study period was 73.6%, as compared to 87.64% in the general population in China. Patients who were currently working, had received other vaccines in the past, and had had no adverse reactions to other vaccines, showed a higher rate of COVID-19 vaccination. Patients believing that the vaccination of family members and colleagues had a positive impact on their decision to get vaccinated, were more likely to get the COVID-19 vaccines. The COVID-19 vaccination rate was lower in those with poorly monitored asthma and those using biologic therapies. The adverse effects of COVID-19 vaccines in asthmatic patients were similar to those in the general population. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 vaccination rate in asthmatic patients was lower than the general population in China. Active measures should be taken to control asthma and increase vaccination rates in these patients.


Assuntos
Asma , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Hesitação Vacinal , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , População do Leste Asiático , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
9.
BMC Pulm Med ; 23(1): 214, 2023 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37330486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between periodontitis and post-bronchodilator lung function is unclear. We aimed to determine the associations between symptoms of severe periodontitis (SSP) and post-bronchodilator lung function in the Chinese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study (China Pulmonary Health study) was conducted from 2012 to 2015 in a large Chinese nationally representative sample of 49,202 participants aged 20-89 years. Data on demographic characteristics and periodontal symptoms of participants were collected by questionnaire. Participants who had at least one of the two severe symptoms (tooth mobility and natural tooth loss) in the past year were defined to have SSP, which was set as one variable for analyses. Post-bronchodilator lung function data including forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were collected by spirometry. RESULTS: The values of post-FEV1, post-FVC and post-FEV1/FVC of the participants with SSP were all significantly lower than the participants without SSP (all p < 0.001). SSP were significantly associated with post-FEV1/FVC < 0.7 (p < 0.001). In the multiple regression analyses, SSP were still negatively associated with post-FEV1(b = -0.04, 95%CI (-0.05 -0.03), p < 0.001), post-FEV1/FVC (b = -0.45, 95%CI (-0.63, -0.28), p < 0.001) and significantly associated with post-FEV1/FVC < 0.7 (OR = 1.08, 95%CI 1.01-1.16, p = 0.03) after full adjustment for potential confounders. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that SSP were negatively associated with post-bronchodilator lung function in the Chinese population. Longitudinal cohort studies are needed to confirm these associations in the future.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Capacidade Vital , Espirometria/métodos , Pulmão
10.
Thorac Cancer ; 14(19): 1874-1882, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37232276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Along with the improvement of lung cancer screening implementation, the identification of interstitial lung abnormality (ILA) is increasing. Currently, there is a limited description of the oncogenic status and ILA subtypes among newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with ILA in the Chinese population. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, oncogenic status and factors associated with overall survival (OS) among NSCLC patients with ILA. METHODS: A total of 765 newly diagnosed NSCLC cases at our hospital were reviewed and ILA was diagnosed according to the criteria of the Fleischner Society. The characteristics, clinical pathological features and OS of NSCLC patients with ILA were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 765 patients included in the study, 101 (13.2%) cases experienced ILA at the time of NSCLC diagnosis. Multivariate analysis revealed that ILA was more likely to be detected in NSCLC patients who were age ≥60 (OR 2.404, p = 0.001), male gender (OR 2.476, p = 0.004), and EGFR wild-type (OR 2.035, p = 0.007). Additionally, according to the multivariate Cox model, the presence of ILA in NSCLC patients was significantly associated with a shorter OS period than those without ILA (751 days vs. 445 days, HR 0.6, p = 0.001). Following analysis, it was determined that OS in patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) was shorter than in those without UIP (HR 1.82, p = 0.037). CONCLUSION: ILA is a common comorbidity among newly diagnosed NSCLC patients. We found that patients with EGFR wild-type NSCLC were more likely to develop ILA. The presence of ILA, especially UIP, was significantly associated with poor NSCLC prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Masculino , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/complicações , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prevalência , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Prognóstico , Pulmão/patologia , Receptores ErbB
11.
J Thorac Dis ; 15(4): 2300-2313, 2023 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37197554

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Chronic cough is one of the commonest complaints requiring medical attention that significantly impacts on the patient's quality of life. In this review, we focus on chronic cough prevalence, risk factors, and health burden among the general adult population based on recent reports, which will be helpful for a better understanding of the global burden of chronic cough. Methods: A narrative search of Medline was performed for articles and their lists of references published using the keywords "chronic cough", "chronic bronchitis", "epidemiology", "prevalence", "risk factor", "burden", "quality of life", "adult" and "general population". Key Contents and Findings: Although there is a growing literature on the prevalence of chronic cough in the general population from different countries, the prevalence of chronic cough in different populations cannot be directly compared because of the use of varying definitions of chronic cough. Generally, the prevalence of chronic cough is higher in Europe and North America than in Asia. Regarding the risk factors for chronic cough, several have been identified, including age, smoking, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and rhinosinusitis, whereas for other imputed factors, such as occupational exposure, air pollution, and obesity, these remain inconclusive. Although chronic cough is usually not life-threatening, the physical and psychological impact of chronic cough is obvious, leading to substantial healthcare resource utilization, especially for the elderly or those with comorbidities. Conclusions: Chronic cough is a common symptom in the general population that can be associated with a deterioration of quality of life and with increased burden. The identification of risk factors and associated co-morbidities will help towards an improved management of this condition. There is an urgent need to apply the standard definition of chronic cough in future research, so that comparisons of the prevalence and other findings across populations can be made.

12.
Exp Gerontol ; 175: 112160, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37019047

RESUMO

Elderly asthmatics have higher morbidity and mortality compared with those of youngers. It has been shown that there are also some differences in clinic phenomena between young and elderly asthmatics, however, there is lack of the kinetic comparisons of the changes in the development of asthma between two populations. To better understand the specific pathophysiological manifestations in older patients with asthma, we dynamically and parallelly compared pathophysiological changes in the airways and lung tissues between young and old murine asthma surrogates based on sensitization and challenge with house dust mite (HDM). Murine models were established in young (6-8-week-old) and old (16-17-month-old) female wild-type C57BL/6 mice. Our data showed that repetitive HDM exposure induced relatively low type 2 immune responses (airway hyperresponsiveness, eosinophils recruitment, expression of type 2 cytokines, mucus secretion, serum HDM specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgG) in old mice. However, the type 3 immune responses (neutrophils infiltration and IL-17A expression) were enhanced in old HDM exposed mice, which sustained longer and higher than that of young mice. Notably, the relatively weakened allergic inflammation characteristics might be associated with lower numbers of CD20+ B cells and IgE+ cells in the iBALTs in old mice compared with those in young mice. Our data suggest that aging might compromise the ability to induce type 2 immune responses, but enhance type 3 immune responses upon repetitive HDM challenge, which might cause relevant phenomena in old experimental mice and might even be applicable to elderly patients with asthma in the clinic.


Assuntos
Asma , Pyroglyphidae , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Pyroglyphidae/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Asma/metabolismo , Pulmão , Inflamação/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Tecido Linfoide , Modelos Animais de Doenças
13.
COPD ; 20(1): 144-152, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37036434

RESUMO

Anxiety and depression are common comorbidities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients but are often under-diagnosed. We aimed to assess the suitability of the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) in screening anxiety and depression in patients with COPD. Stable COPD patients from a cross-sectional observational study were assessed by CAT. Anxiety and depression were identified using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), respectively. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were used to identify factors associated with anxiety or depression and to calculate the predictive values. A total of 530 stable COPD patients were enrolled and of those, the proportions of anxiety and depression were 17.0% and 21.5%, respectively. The adjusted odds ratios of the CAT for the presence of anxiety and depression were 1.094 (95%CI: 1.057-1.131) and 1.143 (95%CI: 1.104-1.183), respectively. The CAT score had a significant predictive value for the presence of anxiety (AUC = 0.709) and depression (AUC = 0.791) with an optimum cutoff score of 15. However, the psychometric properties of CAT were undesirable, presenting high negative predictive value (NPV) but low positive predictive value (PPV). Among CAT items, analysis further showed that non-respiratory CAT components were superior to respiratory components in identifying both anxiety and depression. Our results indicated that CAT is more useful to exclude anxiety and depression rather than detect them.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37065634

RESUMO

Purpose: Screening questionnaires can help identify individuals at a high risk of COPD. This study aimed to compare the performance of the COPD population screener (COPD-PS) and COPD screening questionnaire (COPD-SQ) on the general population as a full cohort and stratified by urbanization. Methods: We recruited subjects who underwent a health checkup at urban and rural community health centers in Beijing. All eligible subjects completed the COPD-PS and COPD-SQ, then spirometry. Spirometry-defined COPD was defined as a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC<70%. Symptomatic COPD was defined as a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC<70% and respiratory symptoms. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis compared the discriminatory power of the two questionnaires, and stratified by urbanization. Results: We identified 129 spirometry-defined and 92 symptomatic COPD cases out of 1350 enrolled subjects. The optimal cut-off score for the COPD-PS was 4 for spirometry-defined and 5 for symptomatic COPD. The optimum cut-off score for the COPD-SQ was 15 for both spirometry-defined and symptomatic COPD. The COPD-PS and COPD-SQ had similar AUC values for spirometry-defined (0.672 vs 0.702) and symptomatic COPD (0.734 vs 0.779). The AUC of the COPD-SQ tended to be higher in rural areas than that of the COPD-PS for spirometry-defined COPD (0.700 vs 0.653, P = 0.093). Conclusion: The COPD-PS and COPD-SQ had comparable discriminatory power for detecting COPD in the general population while the COPD-SQ performed better in rural areas. A pilot study for validating and comparing the diagnostic accuracy of different questionnaires is required when screening for COPD in a new environment.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Humanos , Broncodilatadores , População do Leste Asiático , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Programas de Rastreamento , Projetos Piloto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Espirometria
15.
Front Pharmacol ; 14: 1118143, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37056988

RESUMO

Objective: Our aim was to systematically investigate the efficacy of Tanreqing (TRQ) injection on in-hospital outcomes among inpatients with frequent or infrequent AECOPD. Methods: In this ongoing, nationwide multicenter registry designed to investigate clinical characteristics, management, and prognoses of Chinese patients admitted for AECOPD in real-world settings, we collected characteristics, comorbidities, in-hospital prognoses, and information on the COPD assessment test (CAT) questionnaire, PEACE questionnaire, and modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) questionnaire from each enrolled patient. Frequent AECOPD was determined as being admitted to the hospital ≥1 time or visiting the emergency room (ER) ≥ 2 times due to AECOPD within a year. A propensity match method and univariable and multivariable regression models were performed to analyze the efficacy of TRQ on clinical outcomes for inpatients with frequent AECOPD. Results: A total of 4135 inpatients were involved in the analysis, including 868 administered with TRQ and 3267 not administered with TRQ. After propensity score match, among those administered with TRQ, 493 had frequent AECOPD and 358 had infrequent AECOPD. A significant reduction of CAT score at discharge (TRQ median 12, IQR 8.0-16.0; non-TRQ median 13, IQR 9.0-18.0, p = 0.0297), a lower rate of ICU admission (TRQ 0.8% vs. non-TRQ 2.6%, p = 0.0191), and a shorter length of stay (LOS) (TRQ median 11, IQR 9.0-14.0; non-TRQ median 11, IQR 8.0-14.0, p = 0.004) were observed in the TRQ group, compared with the non-TRQ group among frequent AECOPD patients. In the subgroup analysis, for those with a PEACE score >7 on admission, TRQ contributed to a significantly lower CAT score at discharge (p = 0.0084) and a numerically lower ICU admission rate with a marginal statistical significance. Among those with phlegm-heat symptom complex on admission ≥2, a lower CAT score at discharge and a lower ICU admission were also observed in the TRQ group. Conclusion: TRQ injection had better efficacy in patients with frequent AECOPD in reducing ICU admission and alleviating respiratory symptoms, especially for those with higher severity on admission or more phlegm-heat symptoms.

17.
J Inflamm Res ; 16: 235-244, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691403

RESUMO

Purpose: There is insufficient information about the prevalence and risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the Chinese adult population. We aimed to assess the prevalence and identify the risk factors of GERD in China. Methods: We collected data from a nationally representative sample (50,991 subjects) of Chinese adults from a large nation-wide cross-sectional survey. GERD was diagnosed by a standardized Chinese-language GERD questionnaire with a score of ≥ 8. The demographic characteristics, comorbidities and periodontal factors of all participants were collected. Results: Fifty-thousands-one-hundred-eighty-three participants were finally included in this study. The overall prevalence of GERD was 5.6% (95% CI, 5.4-5.8%) among the general Chinese population aged 20 years or older. Women, smokers, and people with older age, BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2, urban residence, lower education level or comorbidities were more prevalent with GERD (p < 0.001). Symptoms of severe periodontitis (OR = 1.40, 95% CI 1.28-1.52, p < 0.001) and lower frequency of tooth brushing (OR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.76-2.29, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with risk of GERD. Conclusion: Symptom-based GERD is highly prevalent in the Chinese population. Overweight and smoking are major preventable risk factors for GERD. Periodontal factors are novel potential risk factors for GERD and should be given more attention in GERD prevention.

18.
Respir Med ; 205: 107039, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lymphocyte profile (LP) in lymph node puncture fluid (LNPF) of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and peripheral blood (PB) involved in stage 2 sarcoidosis. METHODS: After selection, 31 patients diagnosed with stage II sarcoidosis were finally included. Patients were further divided into symptomatic (n = 17) and asymptomatic (n = 14) groups according to the presence or absence of respiratory symptoms. The LP in lymph node puncture fluid (LNPF), bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and peripheral blood (PB) were evaluated and compared using flow cytometry. The relationship between respiratory symptoms and LP was preliminarily analyzed. RESULTS: The proportions of T cells and CD4 T cells, and CD4/CD8 ratio in BALF were significantly higher than that of LNPF with PB (all P < 0.05). The proportions of lymphocyte cells, CD8 T cells, NK cells, and CD4/CD8 ratio in LNPF and PB were significantly different (all P < 0.05). There were significant differences in CD4 T cells [72.40 (68.90,75.55) vs.46.30 (38.55,52.50), P = 0.004], CD8 T cells (9.9 ± 3.9 vs. 16.8 ± 6.8, P = 0.002), and CD4/CD8 ratio (7.9 ± 2.8 vs. 3.9 ± 1.5, P < 0.001) in BALF between the symptomatic group and asymptomatic group (all P < 0.05). The T cells (rs = 0.447, P = 0.011), CD4 (rs = 0.572, P = 0.002), and CD4/CD8 ratio (rs = 0.701, P < 0.001) in BALF were positively correlated with respiratory symptoms. CONCLUSION: The LP in LNPF, BALF and PB were significantly different and the main index correlated with respiratory symptoms was CD4/CD8 ratio in BALF. The difference of LP in BALF and LNPF may help to deeply understand the pathophysiological process and may reflect the different degree of lung and lymph node lesion.


Assuntos
Sarcoidose , Humanos , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Relação CD4-CD8 , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos
19.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 17: 1963-1973, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051559

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the consistency of hand-held electronic incremental threshold loading device (I-TLD) and traditional constant threshold loading device (C-TLD) in measuring the perception of dyspnea (POD) in humans. Patients and methods: Thirty-eight patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 41 non-COPD subjects were recruited for the study, all of whom were subjected to an external loading breathing test by gradually increasing the inspiratory load starting from 0 to 5, 10, 20, and 30 cmH2O oral pressure using I-TLD and C-TLD. The Borg score measurement was performed immediately after the loading breath of each level. The linear regression slope a of Borg scores vs percentage of oral pressure from the patients' maximum represented patients' POD. The consistency of POD measured by the two devices was analyzed by two Related Samples Wilcoxon test, Spearman correlation analysis, and Bland-Altman analysis. Results: There was no significant difference in slope a measured by the two devices in all subjects. The Spearman correlation analysis revealed that the slope a measured by the two devices in the inspiratory loading breath test had a significant correlation: in COPD patients, r = 0.678, (p < 0.001) and in non-COPD subjects, r = 0.603, (p < 0.001). For the results of the Bland-Altman analysis of the whole subjects, 3.8% (3/79) points were outside of the 95% LoA confidence interval (CI) (-10.380, 9.457), and the LoA CI was acceptable, which depicted that the two devices were consistent in their estimation. Conclusion: I-TLD was consistent with C-TLD in measuring POD in COPD patients and non-COPD subjects. I-TLD may be used as an alternative method to replace C-TLD to measure POD in COPD patients and non-COPD subjects.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Dispneia/diagnóstico , Dispneia/etiologia , Humanos , Percepção , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico
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