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1.
Ther Adv Hematol ; 15: 20406207241256894, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828002

RESUMO

Background: Pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has poor prognosis and high rate of relapse and mortality, and exploration of new treatment options is still critically needed. Objectives: To summarize the outcome of our new treatment strategies for pediatric AML, which is characterized by dual induction and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) elements consolidation. Design: Retrospective, single-arm study. Methods: From July 2012 to December 2019, an intensive chemotherapy protocol was used for newly diagnosed children with AML, which contains dual induction, three courses of consolidations based on high-dose cytarabine, and two courses of consolidations composed of high-dose methotrexate, vincristine, asparaginase, and mercaptopurine (ALL-like elements). Blasts were monitored by bone marrow smears at intervals, and two lumbar punctures were performed during chemotherapy. We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy and safety of this study. The last follow-up was on 26 May 2023. Results: A total of 70 pediatric AMLs were included. The median age at diagnosis was 6.7 (0.5-16.0) years. The median initial WBC count was 23.74 × 109/L, 11 of whom ⩾100 × 109/L. After dual induction, there were 62 cases of complete remission (CR), 5 cases of partial remission, and 3 cases of nonremission. The CR rate was 88.57%. The median follow-up time was 5.8 (0.2-9.4) years, the 5-year overall survival was 78.2% ± 5%, the event-free survival (EFS) was 71.2% ± 5.6%, and the cumulative recurrence rate was 27.75%. The 5-year EFS of patients with initial WBC < 100 × 109/L (n = 59) and ⩾100 × 109/L (n = 11) were 76.4% ± 5.7% and 45.5% ± 15% (p = 0.013), respectively. A total of 650 hospital infections occurred. The main causes of infection were respiratory tract infection (26.92%), septicemia (18.46%), stomatitis (11.85%), and skin and soft-tissue infection (10.46%). Conclusion: This intensive treatment protocol with dual induction and ALL-like elements is effective and safe for childhood AML. Initial WBC ⩾ 100 × 109/L was the only independent risk factor in this cohort. Trial registration: It is a retrospective study, and no registration on ClinicalTrials.gov.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to identify the potential peripheral processes of circulating exosome in response to Tai Chi (TC) exercise and the possibility of its loaded cargos in mediating the effects of TC training on cognitive function among older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a multicenter randomized controlled trial. One hundred community-dwelling old adults with aMCI were randomly assigned (1:1) to experimental (n = 50) and control groups (n = 50). INTERVENTION: The experimental group participated in TC exercise 5 times/week, with each session lasting 60 minutes for 12 weeks. Both experimental and control groups received health education every 4 weeks. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was global cognitive function. Neurocognitive assessments, MRI examination, and large-scale proteomics analysis of peripheric exosome were conducted at baseline and after 12-week training. Outcome assessors and statisticians were blinded to group allocation. RESULTS: A total of 96 participants (96%) completed all outcome measurements. TC training improved global cognitive function (adjusted mean difference [MD] = 1.9, 95%CI 0.93-2.87, p <0.001) and memory (adjusted MD = 6.42, 95%CI 2.09-10.74, p = 0.004), increased right hippocampus volume (adjusted MD = 88.52, 95%CI 13.63-163.4, p = 0.021), and enhanced rest state functional connectivity (rsFC) between hippocampus and cuneus, which mediated the group effect on global cognitive function (bootstrapping CIs: [0.0208, 1.2826], [0.0689, 1.2211]) and verbal delay recall (bootstrapping CI: [0.0002, 0.6277]). Simultaneously, 24 differentially expressed exosomal proteins were detected in tandem mass tag-labelling proteomic analysis. Of which, the candidate protein low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) was further confirmed by parallel reaction monitoring and ELISA. Moreover, the up-regulated LRP1 was both positively associated with verbal delay recall and rsFC (left hippocampus-right cuneus). CONCLUSION: TC promotes LRP1 release via exosome, which was associated with enhanced memory function and hippocampus plasticity in aMCI patients. Our findings provided an insight into potential therapeutic neurobiological targets focusing on peripheric exosome in respond to TC exercise.

3.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy of proximal and distal laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy (UU) for complete duplex kidneys in children. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic UU for complete duplex kidneys between December 2016 and July 2022 were reviewed retrospectively. 71 patients who had normal lower pole moiety without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) were recruited. All of them underwent ultrasound, voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), renal scintigraphy, and magnetic resonance urography preoperatively. Proximal laparoscopic UU was performed in 35 patients and distal laparoscopic UU in 36 patients. Double J stents were placed in normal lower pole moieties. Clinical data, including general information, diagnosis, surgical management, imaging characteristics, clinical symptoms and postoperative complications (classified according to the modified Clavien-Dindo classification), and length of stay were recorded. Measurement date comparisons between groups were performed by t test, counting date were analyzed by chi-square test. RESULTS: The study consisted of 71 patients (56 females and 15 males) with complete duplex kidneys (41 in left kidney and 30 in right kidney). The patients' mean age was 34 m (range 3-161 m) and follow-up ranged from 25 to 81 m. No significant difference was found in age and follow-up time between the two groups. Laparoscopic UU was performed in all patients successfully. The operation time of the two groups was 108.42 ± 26.95 min for distal UU vs 121.46 ± 35.15 min for proximal UU(p = 0.14). No significant difference in postoperative complications was seen between the two groups (22.2% vs 31.4%, p = 0.345). However, in terms of the grading of postoperative complications, the proximal UU group had a higher grade (3 of them had a grade of IV) and more serious complications. CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in the overall incidence of complications between distal and proximal UU. Compared with proximal laparoscopic UU, distal laparoscopic UU is easier to perform with less injury to the peripheral tissues. Postoperative complications of proximal UU are more serious and more difficult to manage. We recommend complete duplex kidney ureteral reconstruction with distal UU.

4.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1591, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most important acquired heart disease in children. This study investigated annual incidence, seasonality, secular trend and the correlation of KD incidence with viral activity in Taiwan. METHODS: Through the national health insurance database, we identified KD during 2001-2020. The viral activity was obtained from nationwide surveillance database. We analyzed KD age-specific annual incidence, secular trends, seasonality and the correlation between KD incidence and common enteric or respiratory viral activity. RESULTS: The KD incidence of subjects younger than 18 years significantly increased from 2001 to 2020 (11.78 and 22.40 per 100,000 person-years, respectively), and substantially decreased with age. Infants younger than 1 year presented the highest KD annual incidence at 105.82 to 164.34 per 100,000 person-years from 2001 to 2020. For all KD patients, the most frequently occurring season was summer followed by autumn. The KD incidence of infants younger than 1 year had significantly positive correlation with enteric (r = 0.14) and respiratory (r = 0.18) viral activity. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the increasing trend of KD annual incidence and seasonality (more in summer and autumn) in Taiwan. The activity of common respiratory and enteric viruses was significantly correlated with KD incidence in infants.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos , Estações do Ano , Humanos , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Lactente , Incidência , Pré-Escolar , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Recém-Nascido , Vigilância da População
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 118438, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848972

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hyperlipidemia as a major health issue has attracted much public attention. As a geographical indication product of China, Liupao tea (LPT) is a typical representative of traditional Chinese dark tea that has shown good potential in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. LPT has important medicinal value in hyperlipidemia prevention. However, the active ingredients and metabolic mechanisms by which LPT alleviates hyperlipidemia remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to systematically investigate the metabolic mechanisms and active ingredients of LPT extract in alleviating hyperlipidemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Firstly, we developed a mouse model of hyperlipidemia to study the pharmacodynamics of LPT. Subsequently, network pharmacology and molecular docking were performed to predict the potential key active ingredients and core targets of LPT against hyperlipidemia. LC-MS/MS was used to validate the identity of key active ingredients in LPT with chemical standards. Finally, the effect and metabolic mechanisms of LPT extract in alleviating hyperlipidemia were investigated by integrating metabolomic, lipidomic, and gut microbiome analyses. RESULTS: Results showed that LPT extract effectively improved hyperlipidemia by suppressing weight gain, remedying dysregulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, and reducing hepatic damage. Network pharmacology analysis and molecular docking suggested that four potential active ingredients and seven potential core targets were closely associated with roles for hyperlipidemia treatment. Ellagic acid, catechin, and naringenin were considered to be the key active ingredients of LPT alleviating hyperlipidemia. Additionally, LPT extract modulated the mRNA expression levels of Fxr, Cyp7a1, Cyp8b1, and Cyp27a1 associated with bile acid (BA) metabolism, mitigated the disturbances of bile acid (BA) and glycerophospholipid (GP) metabolism in hyperlipidemia mice. Combining fecal microbiota transplantation and correlation analysis, LPT extract effectively improved species diversity and abundance of gut microbiota, particularly the BA and GP metabolism-related gut microbiota, in the hyperlipidemia mice. CONCLUSIONS: LPT extract ameliorated hyperlipidemia by modulating GP and BA metabolism by regulating Lactobacillus and Dubosiella, thereby alleviating hyperlipidemia. Three active ingredients of LPT served as the key factors in exerting an improvement on hyperlipidemia. These findings provide new insights into the active ingredients and metabolic mechanisms of LPT in improving hyperlipidemia, suggesting that LPT can be used to prevent and therapeutic hyperlipidemia.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) commonly cause childhood respiratory illness requiring hospitalization in Taiwan. This study aimed to investigate clinical severity and identify risk factors predisposing to severe disease in hospitalized children with HPIV infection. METHODS: We included hospitalized patients with lab-confirmed HPIV infection from 2007 to 2018 and collected their demographic and clinical characteristics. Patients with ventilator support, intravenous inotropic agents, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation were defined as severe cases. RESULTS: There were 554 children hospitalized for HPIV infection. The median age was 1.2 years; 518 patients had non-severe HPIV infection, whereas 36 patients (6.5%) had severe HPIV infection. 266 (48%) patients had underlying diseases, and 190 patients (34.3%) had bacterial co-detection. Children with severe HPIV infection were more likely to have bacterial co-detection than those without (52.8% vs 33.0%, p = 0.02). Patients with lung patch or consolidation had more invasive bacterial co-infection or co-detection than those without patch or consolidation (43% vs 33%, p = 0.06). Patients with neurological disease (adjusted OR 4.77, 95% CI 1.94-11.68), lung consolidation/patch (adjusted OR 6.64, 95% CI 2.80-15.75), and effusion (adjusted OR 11.59, 95% CI 1.52-88.36) had significantly higher risk to have severe HPIV infection. CONCLUSION: Neurological disease and lung consolidation/patch or effusion were the most significant predictors of severe HPIV infection.

7.
Reprod Sci ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836967

RESUMO

The long arm of the Y chromosome (Yq) contains many amplified and palindromic sequences that are prone to self-reorganization during spermatogenesis, and tiny submicroscopic segmental deletions in the proximal Yq are called Y chromosome microdeletions (YCM). A retrospective study was conducted on male infertility patients of Zhuang ethnicity who presented at Reproductive Medical Center of Nanning between January 2015 and May 2023. Seminal fluid was collected for standard examination. YCM were detected by using a combination of multiplex PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis. Preparation of peripheral blood chromosomes and karyotyping of chromosomes was performed. 147 cases (9.22%) of YCM were detected in 1596 male infertility patients of Zhuang ethnicity. Significant difference was found in the detection rate of YCM between the azoospermia group and the oligospermia group (P < 0.001). Of all types of YCM, the highest detection rate was AZFc (n = 83), followed by AZFb + c (n = 28). 264 cases (16.54%) of sex chromosomal aberrations were detected. The most prevalent karyotype was 47, XXY (n = 202). The detection rate of sex chromosomal aberrations in azoospermia group was higher than that in severe oligospermia group and oligospermia group, and the differences were significant (P < 0.001). 28 cases (1.57%) of autosomal aberrations and 105 cases (6.58%) of chromosomal polymorphism were identified. The current research has some limitations due to the lack of normal men as the control group but suggests that YCM and chromosomal aberrations represent key genetic factors influencing spermatogenesis in infertile males of Zhuang ethnicity in Guangxi.

8.
Pain Ther ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836984

RESUMO

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols have substantially proven their merit in diminishing recuperation durations and mitigating postoperative adverse events in geriatric populations undergoing colorectal cancer procedures. Despite this, the pivotal aspect of postoperative pain control has not garnered the commensurate attention it deserves. Typically, employing a multimodal analgesia regimen that weaves together nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, local anesthetics, and nerve blocks stands paramount in curtailing surgical complications and facilitating reduced convalescence within hospital confines. Nevertheless, this integrative pain strategy is not devoid of pitfalls; the specter of organ dysfunction looms over the geriatric cohort, rooted in the abuse of analgesics or the complex interplay of polypharmacy. Revolutionary research is delving into alternative delivery and release modalities, seeking to allay the inadvertent consequences of analgesia and thereby potentially elevating postoperative outcomes for the elderly post-colorectal cancer surgery populace. This review examines the dual aspects of multimodal analgesia regimens by comparing their established benefits with potential limitations and offers insight into the evolving strategies of drug administration and release.

9.
Cancer Cell Int ; 24(1): 197, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Syntaxin6 (STX6) is a SNARE (Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) protein complex located in the trans-Golgi network and endosomes, which is closely associated with a variety of intracellular membrane transport events. STX6 has been shown to be overexpressed in a variety of human malignant tumors such as esophageal, colorectal, and renal cell carcinomas, and participates in tumorigenesis and development. METHODS: Based on clinical public database and clinical liver samples analysis, the expression of STX6 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues was investigated. The effects of STX6 on proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cell in vitro and in vivo were evaluated through gain- and loss-of-function studies. We further performed RNA-seq analysis and protein interactome analysis, to further decifer the detailed mechanisms of STX6 in the regulation of the JAK-STAT pathway in HCC. RESULTS: STX6 expression was upregulated in HCC tissues and its expression was highly correlated with the high histological grade of the tumor. STX6 promoted HCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, STX6 mediated tumor progression depending on promoting the activation of JAK-STAT signaling pathway. Receptor for activated protein kinase C (RACK1) as an essential adaptor protein mediating STX6 regulation of JAK-STAT pathway. Specifically, STX6 interacted with RACK1 and then recruited signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) to form a protein-binding complex and activates STAT3 transcriptional activity. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided a novel concept that STX6 exerted oncogenic effects by activating the STAT3 signaling pathway, and STX6 might be a promising therapeutic target for HCC.

10.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 694, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844830

RESUMO

Wounding initiates intricate responses crucial for tissue repair and regeneration. Yet, the gene regulatory networks governing wound healing remain poorly understood. Here, employing single-worm RNA sequencing (swRNA-seq) across 12 time-points, we delineated a three-stage wound repair process in C. elegans: response, repair, and remodeling. Integrating diverse datasets, we constructed a dynamic regulatory network comprising 241 transcription regulators and their inferred targets. We identified potentially seven autoregulatory TFs and five cross-autoregulatory loops involving pqm-1 and jun-1. We revealed that TFs might interact with chromatin factors and form TF-TF combinatory modules via intrinsically disordered regions to enhance response robustness. We experimentally validated six regulators functioning in transcriptional and translocation-dependent manners. Notably, nhr-76, daf-16, nhr-84, and oef-1 are potentially required for efficient repair, while elt-2 may act as an inhibitor. These findings elucidate transcriptional responses and hierarchical regulatory networks during C. elegans wound repair, shedding light on mechanisms underlying tissue repair and regeneration.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Cicatrização , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Cicatrização/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Regulação da Expressão Gênica
11.
Front Pediatr ; 12: 1413094, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38873585

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the incidence, outcome, and prognostic factors of prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) in children in Mainland China. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in 11 pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) from May 1, 2021, to April 30, 2022. All pediatric patients on mechanical ventilation meeting the criteria for PMV were included in the study. Results: Out of 5,292 patients receiving mechanical ventilation, 278 children met the criteria for PMV (5.3%). After excluding case with incomplete data or lost to follow-up, the study included 250 patients. Among them, 115 were successfully weaned from mechanical ventilation, 90 died, and 45 were still on mechanical ventilation. The 6-month survival rate was 64%. The primary associated conditions of PMV were lower airway diseases (36%), central nervous system diseases (32%), and neuromuscular diseases (14%). The stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the utilization of vasoactive agents and an elevated pediatric logistic organ dysfunction-2 (PELOD-2) score on the day of PMV diagnosis were significantly associated with an increased of PMV death. Specifically, the odds ratio (OR) for vasoactive agent use was 2.86; (95% CI: 0.15-0.84; P = 0.018), and for the PELOD-2 score, it was 1.37; 95% CI: 1.17-1.61; P < .001). Conversely, early rehabilitation intervention was negatively associated with the risk of PMV death (OR = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.22-0.93; P = .032). Furthermore, the tracheotomy timing emerged as an independent predictor of failure to wean from PMV, with an OR of 1.08, (95% CI: 1.01-1.16; P = .030). Conclusions: The study revealed a 5.3% incidence of PMV in children requiring mechanical ventilation in China. The use of vasoactive agents and a higher PELOD-2 score at PMV diagnosis were significantly associated with an increased risk of PMV death, whereas early rehabilitation intervention was identified as crucial for improving patient outcomes. The timing of tracheostomy was identified as a high-risk factor for failure to wean from mechanical ventilation.

12.
J Imaging Inform Med ; 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38874699

RESUMO

Retinal diseases stand as a primary cause of childhood blindness. Analyzing the progression of these diseases requires close attention to lesion morphology and spatial information. Standard image registration methods fail to accurately reconstruct pediatric fundus images containing significant distortion and blurring. To address this challenge, we proposed a robust deep learning-based image registration method (RDLR). The method consisted of two modules: registration module (RM) and panoramic view module (PVM). RM effectively integrated global and local feature information and learned prior information related to the orientation of images. PVM was capable of reconstructing spatial information in panoramic images. Furthermore, as the registration model was trained on over 280,000 pediatric fundus images, we introduced a registration annotation automatic generation process coupled with a quality control module to ensure the reliability of training data. We compared the performance of RDLR to the other methods, including conventional registration pipeline (CRP), voxel morph (WM), generalizable image matcher (GIM), and self-supervised techniques (SS). RDLR achieved significantly higher registration accuracy (average Dice score of 0.948) than the other methods (ranging from 0.491 to 0.802). The resulting panoramic retinal maps reconstructed by RDLR also demonstrated substantially higher fidelity (average Dice score of 0.960) compared to the other methods (ranging from 0.720 to 0.783). Overall, the proposed method addressed key challenges in pediatric retinal imaging, providing an effective solution to enhance disease diagnosis. Our source code is available at https://github.com/wuwusky/RobustDeepLeraningRegistration .

13.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202401093, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867371

RESUMO

Two previously undescribed coumarins (1-2) were isolated from the root of Notopterygium incisum. The structures of new findings were elucidated by analyses of spectral evidences in HRESIMS, NMR, as well as ICD. The absolute configurations were further confirmed by chemical calculations. 1-2 exhibits obviously anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the expression of inflammatory mediators (COX-2, iNOS), as well as reducing the release of NO and the accumulation of ROS in cells. Western blotting analysis revealed that 2 could inhibit the PI3K/AKT pathway by reducing the expression of p-PI3K and p-AKT.

14.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 36(5): 465-470, 2024 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a nomogram prediction model for the 3-month mortality risk of patients with sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (S-AKI). METHODS: Based on the American Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care- IV (MIMIC- IV), clinical data of S-AKI patients from 2008 to 2021 were collected. Initially, 58 relevant predictive factors were included, with all-cause mortality within 3 months as the outcome event. The data were divided into training and testing sets at a 7 : 3 ratio. In the training set, univariate Logistic regression analysis was used for preliminary variable screening. Multicollinearity analysis, Lasso regression, and random forest algorithm were employed for variable selection, combined with the clinical application value of variables, to establish a multivariable Logistic regression model, visualized using a nomogram. In the testing set, the predictive value of the model was evaluated through internal validation. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the discrimination of nomogram model and Oxford acute severity of illness score (OASIS), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome score (SIRS). The calibration curve was used to evaluate the calibration, and decision curve analysis (DCA) was performed to assess the net benefit at different probability thresholds. RESULTS: Based on the survival status at 3 months after diagnosis, patients were divided into 7 768 (68.54%) survivors and 3 566 (31.46%) death. In the training set, after multiple screenings, 7 variables were finally included in the nomogram model: Logistic organ dysfunction system (LODS), Charlson comorbidity index, urine output, international normalized ratio (INR), respiratory support mode, blood urea nitrogen, and age. Internal validation in the testing set showed that the AUC of nomogram model was 0.81 [95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.80-0.82], higher than the OASIS score's 0.70 (95%CI was 0.69-0.71) and significantly higher than the SOFA score's 0.57 (95%CI was 0.56-0.58) and SIRS score's 0.56 (95%CI was 0.55-0.57), indicating good discrimination. The calibration curve demonstrated that the nomogram model's calibration was better than the OASIS, SOFA, and SIRS scores. The DCA curve suggested that the nomogram model's clinical net benefit was better than the OASIS, SOFA, and SIRS scores at different probability thresholds. CONCLUSIONS: A nomogram prediction model for the 3-month mortality risk of S-AKI patients, based on clinical big data from MIMIC- IV and including seven variables, demonstrates good discriminative ability and calibration, providing an effective new tool for assessing the prognosis of S-AKI patients.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Nomogramas , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Sepse , Humanos , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/complicações , Prognóstico , Modelos Logísticos , Fatores de Risco , Curva ROC , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Medição de Risco/métodos
15.
Heliyon ; 10(11): e31778, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845937

RESUMO

Core 1 ß 1,3-galactosyltransferase 1 (C1GALT1) acts as an important glycosyltransferase in the occurrence and development of tumor glycosylation. However, the regulatory mechanisms of C1GALT1 in thyroid cancer (TC) is still unclear. In this study, we discovered that the expression level of C1GALT1 was significantly increased in thyroid adenocarcinoma tissues and cell lines (p < 0.01). Meanwhile, gene silencing of C1GALT1 inhibited the proliferation (CCK-8 assay), migration (wound healing), and invasion (Transwell) of TC cells (p < 0.05). Further investigation indicated that miR-141-3p had a negative correlation with C1GALT1 and suppressed cancer carcinogenesis in TC cells. Moreover, we first found that glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) was a downstream element of C1GALT1 and was positively correlated with C1GALT1 levels in TC. The GLUT1 could reverse the inhibitory effects of siRNA C1GALT1 on cell development (p < 0.05). These data suggest that the miR-141-3p/C1GALT1/GLUT1 axis plays an essential role during TC progression and may be a probable biomarker or therapeutic target for thyroid cancer patients.

16.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1320863, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38818444

RESUMO

Background: The rise in e-cigarette use among youth is a significant global public health issue. It is important to identify those at increased risk and implement effective strategies to reduce e-cigarette popularity among the youth. Objective: This study aims to identify predictors of e-cigarette uptake in youths with no prior tobacco use, considering individual, familial and the broader societal environmental factors. Methods: For this investigation, a group of 2,487 tobacco-free youths was selected from 15 high schools in Shenzhen, China. Susceptibility to e-cigarettes was determined by assessing the possibility of future use and the openness to trying e-cigarettes if presented by friends. Both chi-square tests and logistic regression were applied to identify factors linked to susceptibility to e-cigarette use. Results: Among the respondents, 5.5% (n = 136) were found to be susceptible to e-cigarette use. The analysis revealed factors tied to this risk: perceptions of e-cigarettes, the impact of vaping peers, paternal parenting styles, the extent of social support, exposure to messages both for and against e-cigarettes use, and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Youths who downplayed the addictive nature of e-cigarettes (aOR = 2.01; 95% CI: 1.14-3.55; p = 0.016), those with friends who engaged in vaping (aOR = 3.43-7.64; 95%CI: 2.36-20.42; p < 0.001), those experiencing over-protective or rejective maternal parenting (aOR = 1.68-3.01; 95%CI: 1.11-5.77; p = 0.001-0.014) or rejective paternal parenting (aOR = 3.63; 95%CI: 1.99-6.59; p < 0.001), those aware of e-cigarette advertisements (aOR = 1.82; 95%CI: 1.28-2.60; p = 0.001), and those exposed to SHS at home (aOR = 1.68; 95%CI: 1.17-2.41; p = 0.005) or at public places (aOR = 1.72-1.79; 95%CI: 1.21-2.57; p = 0.002-0.003) were more prone to e-cigarettes. In contrast, youths who believed using e-cigarettes reduces one's attractiveness (aOR = 0.34; 95%CI: 0.16-0.72; p = 0.005) or perceived that vaping made social interactions less enjoyable (aOR = 0.26; 95%CI: 0.12-0.58; p = 0.001), those who benefited from high social support (aOR = 0.30-0.60; 95%CI: 0.17-0.97; p < 0.001), and those who noticed message about e-cigarettes' adverse consequence (aOR = 0.54; 95%CI: 0.38-0.77; p = 0.001) were less likely to be inclined toward e-cigarette use. Conclusion: The propensity of the youth to e-cigarette usage is shaped by a multiple element. An all-encompassing strategy that addresses the individual, familial, and the broader societal aspects is imperative for the effective prevention of e-cigarette initiation among youth.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Vaping , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Vaping/epidemiologia , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Grupo Associado , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38808509

RESUMO

Background: Women undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) often utilize acupuncture to enhance pregnancy outcomes. Yet, the optimal timing for acupuncture sessions and the relationship between dosage and effect remain uncertain. Objectives: To investigate the impact of the timing and dosage of acupuncture on pregnancy outcomes, drawing on existing research. Methods: A comprehensive search of eight databases was conducted from their inception to January 14th, 2023, without restrictions on language. Only randomized controlled trials comparing acupuncture with either sham acupuncture or no adjuvant treatment were selected for inclusion. This meta-analysis assessed the efficacy of acupuncture in IVF-ET, analyzing the influence of varied timing and dosage on pregnancy outcomes. Subgroup analyses were undertaken to address any heterogeneity across the studies. Results: A total of 38 RCTs involving 5,991 participants were analyzed. In infertile women undergoing IVF fresh cycles, acupuncture performed during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) significantly increased the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) (relative risk [RR] = 1.33, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07-1.65, p = 0.01), whereas acupuncture administered either before COH or on the day of ET did not demonstrate reproductive benefits. Regarding frozen cycles, acupuncture before freeze-thaw embryo transfer (FET) significantly enhanced the CPR (RR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.36-2.16, p < 0.00001) and live birth rate (LBR) (RR = 2.40, 95% CI: 1.20-4.79, p = 0.01). Improvements in CPR were observed across all dosage groups, but only the high-dosage group showed a significant increase in LBR (RR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.05-2.92, p = 0.03). Conclusions: Timing and dosage of acupuncture are crucial factors affecting pregnancy outcomes in IVF-ET. For women undergoing IVF fresh cycles, acupuncture during COH yielded more significant reproductive benefits. In addition, acupuncture before freeze-thaw embryo transfer (FET) was associated with improved pregnancy outcomes in frozen cycles. Furthermore, higher dosages of acupuncture were linked to more favorable outcomes.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 934: 173313, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761952

RESUMO

Taiwan, identified as pivotal in the Asian drug trafficking chain, has been experiencing a surge in illicit drug-related issues. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) has emerged as a promising approach for comprehensive evaluation of actual illicit drug usage. This study presents the first WBE investigation of illicit drug consumption in Taiwan based on the analysis of wastewater from four wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in the Taipei metropolitan area. Additionally, it demonstrates a high correlation between the amounts of illicit drugs seized and influent concentrations over an extended period of time. The reliability of solid-phase extraction and analysis via high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was validated for 16 illicit drugs (methamphetamine, ketamine, cocaine, codeine, methadone, morphine, meperidine, fentanyl, sufentanil, para-methoxyamphetamine (PMA), para-methoxymethamphetamine (PMMA), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), cathinone, methcathinone, mephedrone (MEPH), and 4-methylethcathinone (4-MEC)). Methamphetamine, ketamine, and 4-MEC were consistently detected in all wastewater samples, underscoring their prevalence in the Taipei metropolitan area. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and ammonia nitrogen (ammonia N) were employed to reduce uncertainty in estimations of population size during back-calculation of illicit drug consumption. The results indicate that methamphetamine was the most consumed drug (175-740 mg day-1 1000 people-1), followed by ketamine (22-280 mg day-1 1000 people-1). In addition, urban-related WWTPs exhibited higher consumption of methamphetamine and ketamine than did the suburban-related WWTP, indicating distinct illicit drug usage patterns between suburban and urban regions. Moreover, an examination of temporal trends in wastewater from the Dihua WWTP revealed a persistent predominance of ketamine and methamphetamine, consistent with statistical data pertaining to seizure quantities and urine test results. The study provides encouraging insight into spatial and temporal variations in illicit drug usage in the Taipei metropolitan area, emphasizing the complementary role of WBE in understanding trends in illicit drug abuse.


Assuntos
Drogas Ilícitas , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Águas Residuárias/química , Drogas Ilícitas/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias/métodos , Humanos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cidades
19.
Chemosphere ; 359: 142322, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761823

RESUMO

Selecting and cultivating low-accumulating crop varieties (LACVs) is the most effective strategy for the safe utilization of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)-contaminated soils, promoting cleaner agricultural production. However, the adsorption-absorption-translocation mechanisms of DEHP along the root-shoot axis remains a formidable challenge to be solved, especially for the research and application of LACV, which are rarely reported. Here, systematic analyses of the root surface ad/desorption, root apexes longitudinal allocation, uptake and translocation pathway of DEHP in LACV were investigated compared with those in a high-accumulating crop variety (HACV) in terms of the root-shoot axis. Results indicated that DEHP adsorption was enhanced in HACV by root properties, elemental composition and functional groups, but the desorption of DEHP was greater in LACV than HACV. The migration of DEHP across the root surface was controlled by the longitudinal partitioning process mediated by root tips, where more DEHP accumulated in the root cap and meristem of LACV due to greater cell proliferation. Furthermore, the longitudinal translocation of DEHP in LACV was reduced, as evidenced by an increased proportion of DEHP in the root apoplast. The symplastic uptake and xylem translocation of DEHP were suppressed more effectively in LACV than HACV, because DEHP translocation in LACV required more energy, binding sites and transpiration. These results revealed the multifaceted regulation of DEHP accumulation in different choysum (Brassica parachinensis L.) varieties and quantified the pivotal regulatory processes integral to LACV formation.


Assuntos
Raízes de Plantas , Poluentes do Solo , Verduras , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Verduras/metabolismo , Solo/química , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Dietilexilftalato/metabolismo , Adsorção
20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4493, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38802342

RESUMO

Abscisic acid (ABA) plays a crucial role in promoting plant stress resistance and seed dormancy. However, how ABA regulates rice quality remains unclear. This study identifies a key transcription factor SLR1-like2 (SLRL2), which mediates the ABA-regulated amylose content (AC) of rice. Mechanistically, SLRL2 interacts with NF-YB1 to co-regulate Wx, a determinant of AC and rice quality. In contrast to SLR1, SLRL2 is ABA inducible but insensitive to GA. In addition, SLRL2 exhibits DNA-binding activity and directly regulates the expression of Wx, bHLH144 and MFT2. SLRL2 competes with NF-YC12 for interaction with NF-YB1. NF-YB1 also directly represses SLRL2 transcription. Genetic validation supports that SLRL2 functions downstream of NF-YB1 and bHLH144 in regulating rice AC. Thus, an NF-YB1-SLRL2-bHLH144 regulatory module is successfully revealed. Furthermore, SLRL2 regulates rice dormancy by modulating the expression of MFT2. In conclusion, this study revealed an ABA-responsive regulatory cascade that functions in both rice quality and seed dormancy.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Oryza , Dormência de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Dormência de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Fator de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Sementes/metabolismo , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Amilose/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/metabolismo , Grão Comestível/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
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