Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.284
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 303: 125400, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470275

RESUMO

Siraitia grosvenorii fruit (SGF) has been used as a natural sweetener and traditional medicine in China for more than two centuries. This study evaluated the effect of SGF extract supplementation (0.5%, 1%, and 2%) on the chemical, microbial and sensory properties of probiotic yogurt. The antioxidant, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitory (ACE-I) and antibacterial bioactivities were determined. SGF extract supplementation improved some of the chemical and physicochemical characteristics. Probiotic yogurt with the fruit extract had significantly more Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus bulgaricus, whereas there was no significant effect on the number of Streptococcus thermophiles. The bioactivities were significantly increased by SGF extract supplementation. Probiotic yogurt with 2% SGF extract showed the highest antioxidant, ACE-I, and antibacterial activities, whereas the one with 1% SGF extract conferred the highest sensory attributes score. Overall, SGF extract offers a promising option as a dietary supplement to produce novel dairy products that have high nutritional and bioactivity values.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569708

RESUMO

Male-sterile plants provide an important breeding tool for the heterosis of hybrid crops, such as Brassicaceae. In the last decade, circular RNAs (circRNAs), as a novel class of covalently closed and single-stranded endogenous non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), have received much attention because of their functions as "microRNA (miRNA) sponges" and "competing endogenous RNAs" (ceRNAs). However, the information about circRNAs in the regulation of male-sterility and anther development is limited. In this study, we established the Polima cytoplasm male sterility (CMS) line "Bcpol97-05A", and the fertile line, "Bcajh97-01B", in Brassica campestris L. ssp. chinensis Makino, syn. B. rapa ssp. chinensis, and performed RNA expression profiling comparisons between the flower buds of the sterile line and fertile line by whole-transcriptome sequencing. A total of 31 differentially expressed (DE) circRNAs, 47 DE miRNAs, and 4779 DE mRNAs were identified. By using Cytoscape, the miRNA-mediated regulatory network and ceRNA network were constructed, and the circRNA A02:23507399|23531438 was hypothesized to be an important circRNA regulating anther development at the post-transcriptional level. The gene ontology (GO) analysis demonstrated that miRNAs and circRNAs could regulate the orderly secretion and deposition of cellulose, sporopollenin, pectin, and tryphine; the timely degradation of lipids; and the programmed cell death (PCD) of tapetum cells, which play key roles in anther development. Our study revealed a new circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network, which is involved in the anther development of B. campestris, which enriched the understanding of CMS in flowering plants, and laid a foundation for further study on the functions of circRNAs and miRNAs during anther development.

3.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(3): 397-407, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596251

RESUMO

In this work, the study of copper particles deposition on to carbon felt was presented by pulse electrodeposition method to electrochemically degrade methyl iodide (CH3I, 1 mg L-1) in aqueous solution. In order to solve the problems linked to the heterogeneous potential distribution in the 3-D porous structure, which lead to the so-called 'black core', we successfully used low concentration of copper salt (1 mM) and negative deposition potential (-2.5 V) to obtain Cu-nanoparticles/carbon felt (Cu-nano/CF) electrode, the copper coating improved the specific surface area of carbon felt from ∼0.07 to 0.7 m2 g-1 with high catalytic activity. Results show that 98.1% of CH3I can be removed with the Cu-nano/CF electrode in 120 min.


Assuntos
Cobre , Hidrocarbonetos Iodados/química , Resíduos Radioativos , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/química , Carbono/química , Fibra de Carbono/química , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with RA and SLE have an excess cardiovascular risk. We aimed to evaluate outcomes of acute cardiovascular events in these patients. METHODS: Using a nationwide database of Taiwan, we identified adult patients who experienced first-time acute myocardial infarction (n = 191 008), intracranial haemorrhage (n = 169 923) and ischaemic stroke (n = 486 890) over a 13-year period. Odds ratios (ORs) of in-hospital mortality and hazard ratios (HRs) of overall mortality and adverse outcomes during long-term follow-up in relation to RA and SLE were estimated with adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: In each cohort, 748, 410 and 1419 patients had established RA; 256, 292 and 622 patients had SLE. Among acute myocardial infarction patients, RA and SLE were associated with in-hospital mortality (RA: OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.33, 1.95; SLE: OR 2.31, 95% CI 1.62, 3.28) and overall mortality. Additionally, RA (HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.18, 1.38) and SLE (HR 1.46, 95% CI 1.27, 1.69) increased the risk of major adverse cardiac events. After intracranial haemorrhage, patients with RA and SLE had higher risks of in-hospital mortality (RA: OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.26, 2.06; SLE: OR 3.00, 95% CI 2.33, 3.86) and overall mortality. After ischaemic stroke, RA and SLE increased in-hospital mortality (RA: OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.15, 1.83; SLE: OR 2.18, 95% CI 1.57, 3.02), overall mortality and recurrent cerebrovascular events (RA: HR 1.10, 95% CI 1.002, 1.21; SLE: HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.14, 1.51), among which ischaemic stroke (HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.19, 1.62) was more likely to recur in SLE patients. CONCLUSION: Both RA and SLE are consistently associated with adverse outcomes following acute cardiovascular events, highlighting the necessity of integrated care for affected patients.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To date, few studies have assessed the quality of life following congenital cardiac surgery. In this study, we aimed at determining the quality of life after truncus arteriosus (TA) repair using the Short Form 36 questionnaire in adult survivors. METHODS: Seventy-three patients (age >18 years) who underwent TA repair at the Royal Children's Hospital, Australia were identified for the study. Of these, 42 patients (58%, 42/73) participated in the study and completed the Short Form 36 questionnaire. The results of the 8 domains and the derived health state summary score (Short Form Six Dimension, SF-6D) were compared with age-matched Australian population controls, and with patients who underwent the arterial switch operation (ASO). RESULTS: Compared with the age-matched Australian population, 18- to 24-year-old TA patients (31%, 13/42) had lower scores in 6 of 8 domains; 25- to 34-year-old TA patients (36%, 15/42) scored lower in 5 of 8 domains; and 35- to 44-year-old TA patients (33%, 14/42) scored lower in 4 of 8 domains. SF-6D scores were not significantly different between TA patients and the age-matched Australian population. Compared with patients who underwent ASO, 18-to 24-year-old TA patients scored lower in 3 of 8 domains; and 25- to 34-year-old TA patients scored lower in 2 of 8 domains. There was no significant difference in SF-6D scores between TA and patients who underwent the ASO. CONCLUSIONS: Adult survivors of TA have similar quality of life compared with age-matched Australian controls measured by SF-6D. Despite a higher reoperation rate in TA patients, they have similar quality of life compared with ASO patients.

6.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(4): 803-812, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564438

RESUMO

Concurrent hearing and genetic screening of newborns is expected to play important roles not only in early detection and diagnosis of congenital deafness, which triggers intervention, but also in predicting late-onset and progressive hearing loss and identifying individuals who are at risk of drug-induced HL. Concurrent hearing and genetic screening in the whole newborn population in Beijing was launched in January 2012. This study included 180,469 infants born in Beijing between April 2013 and March 2014, with last follow-up on February 24, 2018. Hearing screening was performed using transiently evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR). For genetic testing, dried blood spots were collected and nine variants in four genes, GJB2, SLC26A4, mtDNA 12S rRNA, and GJB3, were screened using a DNA microarray platform. Of the 180,469 infants, 1,915 (1.061%) were referred bilaterally or unilaterally for hearing screening; 8,136 (4.508%) were positive for genetic screening (heterozygote, homozygote, or compound heterozygote and mtDNA homoplasmy or heteroplasmy), among whom 7,896 (4.375%) passed hearing screening. Forty (0.022%) infants carried two variants in GJB2 or SLC26A4 (homozygote or compound heterozygote) and 10 of those infants passed newborn hearing screening. In total, 409 (0.227%) infants carried the mtDNA 12S rRNA variant (m.1555A>G or m.1494C>T), and 405 of them passed newborn hearing screening. In this cohort study, 25% of infants with pathogenic combinations of GJB2 or SLC26A4 variants and 99% of infants with an m.1555A>G or m.1494C>T variant passed routine newborn hearing screening, indicating that concurrent screening provides a more comprehensive approach for management of congenital deafness and prevention of ototoxicity.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17180, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ATPase family, AAA+ domain containing 2 (ATAD2) is also known as AAA+ nuclear coregulator cancer-associated protein or PRO2000. ATAD2 has been reported as a prognostic factor in different cancer types, but the association between ATAD2 high expression and survival is still unclear. Thereby, this meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the prognostic value of ATAD2 high expression in human cancers. METHODS: All of the studies included were retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library electronic databases. The clinical outcomes were evaluated by calculating hazard ratio (HR) with their 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Thirteen studies including 2689 patients were eligible for this analysis. The pooled results showed that ATAD2 over-expression was significantly associated with shorter overall survival (OS) (HR = 2.32, 95% CI = 1.77-3.02), as well as shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and disease-specific survival (DSS) (HR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.51-2.23) among human cancers. Subgroup analyses for OS were implemented in terms of region, tumor type, and sample size and the results were coincident with overall pooled results. Begg funnel plot and Egger test showed the presence of publication bias for OS. Sensitivity analysis indicated that both results were not affected for removing any study. CONCLUSION: ATAD2 would be likely to act as a prognostic biomarker for the patients of different cancer types and provide a guide on clinical treatment. Prospective clinical studies are needed to support these findings.

8.
Small ; : e1903739, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565845

RESUMO

Single-cell analysis offers unprecedented resolution for the investigation of cellular heterogeneity and the capture of rare cells from large populations. Here, described is a simple method named interfacial nanoinjection (INJ), which can miniaturize various single-cell assays to be performed in nanoliter water-in-oil droplets on standard microwell plates. The INJ droplet handler can adjust droplet volumes for multistep reactions on demand with high precision and excellent monodispersity, and consequently enables a wide range of single-cell assays. Importantly, INJ can be coupled with fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), which is currently the most effective and accurate single-cell sorting and isolation method. FACS-INJ pipelines for high-throughput plate well-based single-cell analyses, including single-cell proliferation, drug-resistance testing, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse-transcription PCR, and whole-genome sequencing are introduced. This FACS-INJ pipeline is compatible with a wide range of samples and can be extended to various single-cell analysis applications in microbiology, cell biology, and biomedical diagnostics.

10.
J Psychiatry Neurosci ; 44(6): 180245, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580042

RESUMO

Background: Resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) studies have provided much evidence for abnormal intrinsic brain activity in schizophrenia, but results have been inconsistent. Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis of whole-brain, resting-state fMRI studies that explored differences in amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) between people with schizophrenia (including first episode and chronic) and healthy controls. Results: A systematic literature search identified 24 studies comparing a total of 1249 people with schizophrenia and 1179 healthy controls. Overall, patients with schizophrenia displayed decreased ALFF in the bilateral postcentral gyrus, bilateral precuneus, left inferior parietal gyri and right occipital lobe, and increased ALFF in the right putamen, right inferior frontal gyrus, left inferior temporal gyrus and right anterior cingulate cortex. In the subgroup analysis, patients with first-episode schizophrenia demonstrated decreased ALFF in the bilateral inferior parietal gyri, right precuneus and left medial prefrontal cortex, and increased ALFF in the bilateral putamen and bilateral occipital gyrus. Patients with chronic schizophrenia showed decreased ALFF in the bilateral postcentral gyrus, left precuneus and right occipital gyrus, and increased ALFF in the bilateral inferior frontal gyri, bilateral superior frontal gyrus, left amygdala, left inferior temporal gyrus, right anterior cingulate cortex and left insula. Limitations: The small sample size of our subgroup analysis, predominantly Asian samples, processing steps and publication bias could have limited the accuracy of the results. Conclusion: Our comprehensive meta-analysis suggests that findings of aberrant regional intrinsic brain activity during the initial stages of schizophrenia, and much more widespread damage with the progression of disease, may contribute to our understanding of the progressive pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

11.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(11): 2330-2339, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595151

RESUMO

Many studies have shown that FZD2 is significantly associated with tumor development and tumor metastasis. The purpose of the present study was to gain insight into the role of FZD2 in the cell proliferation and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma. According to TCGA-HNSC dataset, among the 10 Frizzled receptors, FZD2 exhibited the highest degree of differential expression between cancer tissues and normal tissues, and the overall survival of patients with higher FZD2 levels was shown to be significantly shorter compared with those with lower FZD2 levels. The upregulation of FZD2 in clinical tongue cancer tissues was validated by real-time PCR. Knockdown of FZD2 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of CAL-27 and TCA-8113 cells, whereas overexpression of FZD2 led to the opposite results. Further analysis revealed that FZD2 is positively correlated with WNT3A, WNT5B, WNT7A and WNT2 and is negatively correlated with WNT4. These results indicated that FZD2 may act as an oncogene in tongue squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, FZD2 may be a target for the diagnosis, prognosis and gene therapy of tongue cancer.

12.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595698

RESUMO

In plants, submergence from flooding causes hypoxia, which impairs energy production and affects plant growth, productivity, and survival. In Arabidopsis, hypoxia induces nuclear localization of the group VII ethylene-responsive transcription factor RELATED TO AP2.12 (RAP2.12), following its dissociation from the plasma membrane-anchored ACYL-COA-BINDING PROTEIN1 (ACBP1) and ACBP2. Here, we show that polyunsaturated linolenoyl-CoA (18:3-CoA) regulates RAP2.12 release from the plasma membrane. Submergence caused a significant increase in 18:3-CoA, but a significant decrease in 18:0-, 18:1-, and 18:2-CoA. Application of 18:3-CoA promoted nuclear accumulation of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusions RAP2.12-GFP, HYPOXIA-RESPONSIVE ERF1-GFP, and RAP2.3-GFP, and enhanced transcript levels of hypoxia-responsive genes. Plants with decreased ACBP1 and ACBP2 (acbp1 ACBP2-RNAi, produced by ACBP2 RNA interference in the acbp1 mutant) had reduced tolerance to hypoxia and impaired 18:3-CoA-induced expression of hypoxia-related genes. In knockout mutants and overexpression lines of LONG-CHAIN ACYL-COA SYNTHASE2 (LACS2) and FATTY ACID DESATURASE 3 (FAD3), the acyl-CoA pool size and 18:3-CoA levels were closely related to ERF-VII-mediated signaling and hypoxia tolerance. These findings demonstrate that polyunsaturation of long-chain acyl-CoAs functions as important mechanism in the regulation of plant hypoxia signaling, by modulating ACBP-ERF-VII dynamics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 76: 105883, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulse methylprednisolone (MP) was routinely used before commencing standard immunosuppressive therapy for induction of remission in patients with dialysis-dependent anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) in spite of the paucity of evidence of benefit. The aim of this study was thus to determine whether the addition of pulse MP to standard induction immunosuppressive therapy in severe myeloperoxidase (MPO) -AAV patients who were on dialysis at onset is associated with an improvement in kidney recovery and patient survival. Furthermore, we analyzed the factors associated with restoration of kidney function and mortality in a single Chinese cohort. METHODS: 69 MPO-AAV patients who were on dialysis at the time of diagnosis were included in this study. The MP group (n = 30) received pulse MP (5-10 mg/kg/day) for 3 days before the standard immunosuppressive therapy. The Non-MP group (n = 39) had no MP pulses. The outcomes and adverse events between the two groups were compared. In addition, the predictive value of the clinical and histological parameters for kidney and patient survival was assessed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULT: There was no difference in patient survival, kidney recovery and the rates of adverse events between the two groups. A higher Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) was shown to be a negative prognostic factor for kidney function restoration (p = 0.046, OR 0.811, 95% CI 0.660-0.997). BVAS was also demonstrated to be an independent predictor for both all-cause death (p = 0.007, OR 1.324, 95% CI 1.079-1.624) and therapy-related death (p = 0.003, OR 1.574, 95% CI 1.171-2.115). Patients' eGFR at the presentation of the disease was shown to be an independent predictor for therapy-related death (p = 0.027, OR 2.535, 95% CI 1.112-5.779). CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study of MPO-AAV patients who required dialysis at presentation in a single Chinese center suggests that the addition of pulse MP to standard immunosuppressive induction therapy for remission appears to confer no benefit in terms of improving patient outcomes. Further research is required to determine the role of pulse MP in severe MPO-AAV.

14.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549780

RESUMO

AIMS: Insufficient sleep has been found to result in varying degrees of cognitive impairment and emotional changes. Sleep was reported probably responsible for cleaning metabolic wastes in brain by increasing extracellular bulk flow. Herein, we propose that chronic sleep insufficiency in young adult wild-type mice is also linked with dysfunction of intracellular protein degradation pathways and microglia-mediated neuroinflammation, which are potentially important mechanisms in the initiation of neurodegeneration. METHODS: We applied the chronic sleep fragmentation (CSF) model to induce chronic sleep insufficiency in wild-type mice. After 2 months of CSF, cognitive function, amyloid-ß accumulation, dysfunction of endosome-autophagosome-lysosome pathway, and microglia activation were evaluated. RESULTS: Following CSF, impairment of spatial learning and memory, and aggravated anxiety-like behavior in mice were identified by behavioral experiments. Increased intracellular amyloid-ß accumulation was observed in cortex and hippocampus. Mechanistically, CSF could significantly enhance the expression of Rab5 (early endosome marker), Rab7 (late endosome marker), as well as LC3B (autophagosome marker), and autophagy-positive regulatory factors in brain detected by immunofluorescent staining and Western blot. In addition, activation of microglia was evident by enhanced CD68, CD16/32, and CD206 levels after CSF treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic sleep fragmentation could initiate pathogenetic processes similar to the early stage of neurodegeneration, including dysfunction of endosome-autophagosome-lysosome pathway and microglia-mediated neuroinflammation. Our findings further strengthen the link between chronic sleep insufficiency and the initiation of neurodegeneration even if lack of genetic predisposition.

15.
Chemosphere ; 237: 124540, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549654

RESUMO

Lead can be immobilized in contaminated soils by phosphate rock (PR) amendment, but its efficiency is generally limited by low solubility of PR. Our study aimed to elucidate whether phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can promote Pb immobilization through PR solubilization. Results showed that P. ananatis HCR2 and B. thuringiensis GL-1 could effectively solubilize PR by producing citric, glucose, and α-Ketoglutaric acids. In broth assay, phosphate solubilized from PR by PSB rapidly reacted with Pb2+ and formed insoluble lead compounds, as confirmed by scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Pot experiment using lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) verified the effectiveness of soil remediation using PR amendment and PSB inoculation, as plant shoot biomass and net photosynthetic rate as well as soil bioavailable phosphate concentration have significantly increased, while the phytoavailability of Pb, Cd, and Zn greatly reduced. This study suggested that PR amendment combined with PSB inoculation could be applied for remediation of agricultural fields contaminated with multiple heavy metals.

16.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559527

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: ddRAD-seq-based high-density genetic map comprising 2595 loci identified a major and consensus QTL with a linked marker in a 0.8-Mb physical interval for oil content in peanut. Enhancing oil content is an important breeding objective in peanut. High-resolution mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) with linked markers could facilitate marker-assisted selection in breeding for target traits. In the present study, a recombined inbred line population (Xuhua 13 × Zhonghua 6) was used to construct a genetic map based on double-digest restriction-site-associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-seq). The resulting high-density genetic map contained 2595 loci, and spanned a length of 2465.62 cM, with an average distance of 0.95 cM/locus. Seven QTLs for oil content were identified on five linkage groups, including the major and stable QTL qOCA08.1 on chromosome A08 with 10.14-27.19% phenotypic variation explained. The physical interval of qOCA08.1 was further delimited to a ~ 0.8-Mb genomic region where two genes affecting oil synthesis had been annotated. The marker SNPOCA08 was developed targeting the SNP loci associated with oil content and validated in peanut cultivars with diverse oil contents. The major and stable QTL identified in the present study could be further dissected for gene discovery. Furthermore, the tightly linked marker for oil content would be useful in marker-assisted breeding in peanut.

17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(9): 2915-2922, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529865

RESUMO

We analyzed the effects of slope direction on soil nutrients and ecological stoichiometry by collecting soil samples from different slope directions (shady slope and sunny slope) of the bamboo forest in Longyou County, Zhejiang Province. The results showed that soil nutrients were affected by slope direction and soil depth. The nutrients level of soils in the sampling area showed the trends of shady slope > sunny slope, and surface soil > bottom soil. Compared to sunny slope, the cation exchange capacity (CEC), the contents of total organic carbon, total nitrogen, alkaline hydrolyzed nitrogen, available phosphorus, total potassium and available potassium of shady soils significantly increased by 43.7%, 103.8%, 92.0%, 75.5%, 22.4%, 89.4% and 240.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference in total phosphorus contents between shady slope and sunny slope. At all soil layers, there was no significant difference of C/N ratio between shady and sunny slopes. The average C/P ratio of shady slope was 180.8%, 42.0% and 54.3% higher than that of sunny slope at 0-20 cm, 20-40 cm and 40-60 cm, respectively. At each soil layer, the average C/K and N/K ratios between shady and sunny slopes had no significant difference. The average C/K and N/K ratios of shady slope and sunny slope were all significantly different among the three soil layers. In the shady slope, the contents of soil organic carbon showed significantly positive correlation with total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total potassium, and soil available nutrients. Overall, soil nutrients and ecological stoichiometry characteristics of shady slope of bamboo forest were superior to those of sunny slope.


Assuntos
Florestas , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Solo , China , Ecologia , Nutrientes , Sasa
18.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO1901276, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553639

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The treatment of childhood nasopharyngeal carcinoma has been adapted from adult regimens; pediatric-specific studies are limited. The ARAR0331 study sought to evaluate the impact of induction chemotherapy (IC) and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer stages IIb to IV were scheduled to receive three cycles of IC with cisplatin and fluorouracil, followed by CCR with three cycles of cisplatin. Patients with complete or partial response to IC received 61.2 Gy to the nasopharynx and neck, and patients with stable disease received 71.2 Gy. RESULTS: Between February 2006 and January 2012, 111 patients (75 male) were enrolled. Median age was 15 years, and 46.8% of the patients were African American. After a feasibility analysis, the study was amended to reduce cisplatin to two cycles during CCR. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival estimates were 84.3% and 89.2%, respectively. The 5-year EFS for stages IIb, III, and IV were 100%, 82.8%, and 82.7%, respectively. The 5-year cumulative incidence estimates of local, distant, and combined relapse were 3.7%, 8.7%, and 1.8%, respectively. Patients treated with three versus two CCR cycles of cisplatin had improved 5-year postinduction EFS (90.7% v 81.2%, P = .14). CONCLUSION: Patients in ARAR0331 were characterized by advanced disease and by a high proportion of black children and adolescents. Treatment with IC and CRT resulted in excellent outcomes. A radiation dose reduction is possible for patients responding to IC. Although the outcomes are comparable, we observed a trend toward decreased EFS for patients assigned to receive fewer doses of cisplatin during CCR.

19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 894-897, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the serum level of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and its association with the degree of anemia in children with hemoglobin H (HbH) disease. METHODS: A total of 55 children with HbH disease were enrolled as the HbH group, and 30 healthy children were enrolled as the control group. The HbH group was further divided into a deletional HbH disease group and a non-deletional HbH disease group. A retrospective analysis was performed for hematological parameters and serum sTfR level in all groups. RESULTS: Of the 55 children with HbH disease, 39 had deletional HbH disease and 16 had non-deletional HbH disease. Compared with the control group, the deletional and non-deletional HbH disease groups had significantly lower hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and a significantly higher serum level of sTfR. Compared with the deletional HbH disease group, the non-deletional HbH disease group had significantly lower red blood cell count (RBC) and Hb level and significantly higher MCV, MCH, and serum sTfR level. In children with HbH disease, serum sTfR level was negatively correlated with RBC and Hb level (r=-0.739 and -0.667 respectively, P<0.05) and positively correlated with MCV and MCH (r=0.750 and 0.434 respectively, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Serum sTfR level is associated the degree of anemia in children with HbH disease, and sTfR may be a target for the treatment of HbH disease.


Assuntos
Talassemia alfa , Criança , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Hemoglobina H , Humanos , Receptores da Transferrina , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(3): 1063-1077, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524221

RESUMO

Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is highly expressed during liver development and carcinogenesis, However, its functions and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs)/CRISPR­associated protein 9 (Cas9) technology was used in the current study to establish EpCAM­/­ mice. The expression of EpCAM in the livers of the mice at embryonic day (E)18.5 and post­natal day (P)0 was detected by immunofluorescence staining. The expression of genes associated with the development and glycogen metabolism was also assessed by reverse transcription­quantitative PCR. Additionally, the liver tissue of the EpCAM­/­ and wild­type mice was used for non­coding RNA sequencing. The results of RNA sequencing revealed 11 up­regulated and 12 downregulated circular RNAs (circRNAs). Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis for resource genes determined that the top altered pathways included cell junctions, cell cycle, immune signaling and metabolism. This analysis was also utilized to predict the target association of the circRNA­microRNA­mRNA network. The comprehensive liver tissue circRNA expression profiles produced in the present study may help to elucidate the functions and mechanisms of EpCAM during liver development.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA