Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.533
Filtrar
1.
Clin Kidney J ; 17(4): sfae054, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572500

RESUMO

Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is a significant contributor to acute kidney injury and can be attributed to a variety of factors, including but not limited to allergens or drugs, infections, autoimmune or systemic diseases, and idiopathic forms of the disease. In some cases, AIN requires a therapeutic action according to a single specific etiology by handling the offending agent and applying an immunosuppressant. Although AIN can be diagnosed through renal biopsy, it is not able to pinpoint the precise cause when multiple causes are suspected to be present simultaneously. Such situations arise when a patient suffering from infection develops AIN during antibiotic therapy, the exact causative factor of which becomes a challenge for the clinicians to determine. This is attributed to the different approaches employed in different etiologies, wherein clinicians are required to maintain the current antibiotic therapy or augment the dose in cases of infection as AIN etiology, without resorting to immunosuppressant therapy as the primary objective is infection killing. In contrast, antibiotics as an etiology for AIN require an alternative drug from the antibiotics group, along with an immunosuppressant. In the interim, delaying the identification of the precise cause may result in interstitial fibrosis and chronic kidney disease. This narrative review highlights certain findings that can be typical of infection-associated ATIN compared with antibiotic-associated ATIN based on clinical history and physical examination, clinical presentation of different antibiotic drug classes, histopathological features, classical and novel biomarkers, serum and urine cytokines and chemokines, cellular biomarkers, and genetic biomarkers. Although these findings cannot provide conclusive and clear recommendations that can be useful in the clinical practice, they can entice researchers to conduct original research on these features to discover clear recommendations.

2.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 991-1005, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The precise role of mitochondrial carrier homolog 2 (MTCH2) in promoting malignancy in gastric mucosal cells and its involvement in gastric cancer cell metastasis have not been fully elucidated. AIM: To determine the role of MTCH2 in gastric cancer. METHODS: We collected 65 samples of poorly differentiated gastric cancer tissue and adjacent tissues, constructed MTCH2-overexpressing and MTCH2-knockdown cell models, and evaluated the proliferation, migration, and invasion of human gastric epithelial cells (GES-1) and human gastric cancer cells (AGS) cells. The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), mitochondrial permeability transformation pore (mPTP) and ATP fluorescence probe were used to detect mitochondrial function. Mitochondrial function and ATP synthase protein levels were detected via Western blotting. RESULTS: The expression of MTCH2 and ATP2A2 in gastric cancer tissues was significantly greater than that in adjacent tissues. Overexpression of MTCH2 promoted colony formation, invasion, migration, MMP expression and ATP production in GES-1 and AGS cells while upregulating ATP2A2 expression and inhibiting cell apoptosis; knockdown of MTCH2 had the opposite effect, promoting overactivation of the mPTP and promoting apoptosis. CONCLUSION: MTCH2 can increase the malignant phenotype of GES-1 cells and promote the proliferation, invasion, and migration of gastric cancer cells by regulating mitochondrial function, providing a basis for targeted therapy for gastric cancer cells.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573588

RESUMO

The anti-Stokes shift represents the capacity of photon upconversion to convert low-energy photons to high-energy photons. Although triplet exciton-mediated photon upconversion presents outstanding performance in solar energy harvesting, photoredox catalysis, stereoscopic 3D printing, and disease therapeutics, the interfacial multistep triplet exciton transfer leads to exciton energy loss to suppress the anti-Stokes shift. Here, we report near infrared-II (NIR-II) excitable triplet exciton-mediated photon upconversion using a hybrid photosensitizer consisting of lead sulfide quantum dots (PbS QDs) and new surface ligands of thiophene-substituted diketopyrrolopyrrole (Th-DPP). Under 1064 nm excitation, this photon upconversion revealed a record-corrected upconversion efficiency of 0.37% (normalized to 100%), with the anti-Stokes shift (1.07 eV) approaching the theoretical limit (1.17 eV). The observation of this unexpected result is due to our discovery of the presence of a weak interaction between the sulfur atom on Th-DPP and Pb2+ on the PbS QDs surface, facilitating electronic coupling between PbS QDs and Th-DPP, such that the realization of triplet exciton transfer efficiency is close to 100% even when the energy gap is as small as 0.04 eV. With this premise, this photon upconversion as a photocatalyst enables the production of standing organic gel via photopolymerization under 1064 nm illumination, displaying NIR-II photon-driven photoredox catalysis. This research not only establishes the foundation for enhancing the performance of NIR-II excitable photonic upconversion but also promotes its development in photonics and photoredox catalysis.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 434, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma, a leading cause of cancer-related mortality, demands precise prognostic indicators for effective management. The presence of spread through air space (STAS) indicates adverse tumor behavior. However, comparative differences between 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography(PET)/computed tomography(CT) and CT in predicting STAS in lung adenocarcinoma remain inadequately explored. This retrospective study analyzes preoperative CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT features to predict STAS, aiming to identify key predictive factors and enhance clinical decision-making. METHODS: Between February 2022 and April 2023, 100 patients (108 lesions) who underwent surgery for clinical lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled. All these patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT, thin-section chest CT scan, and pathological biopsy. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT image characteristics. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to identify a cut-off value. RESULTS: Sixty lesions were positive for STAS, and 48 lesions were negative for STAS. The STAS-positive was frequently observed in acinar predominant. However, STAS-negative was frequently observed in minimally invasive adenocarcinoma. Univariable analysis results revealed that CT features (including nodule type, maximum tumor diameter, maximum solid component diameter, consolidation tumor ratio, pleural indentation, lobulation, spiculation) and all 18F-FDG PET/CT characteristics were statistically significant difference in STAS-positive and STAS-negative lesions. And multivariate logistic regression results showed that the maximum tumor diameter and SUVmax were the independent influencing factors of CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT in STAS, respectively. The area under the curve of maximum tumor diameter and SUVmax was 0.68 vs. 0.82. The cut-off value for maximum tumor diameter and SUVmax was 2.35 vs. 5.05 with a sensitivity of 50.0% vs. 68.3% and specificity of 81.2% vs. 87.5%, which showed that SUVmax was superior to the maximum tumor diameter. CONCLUSION: The radiological features of SUVmax is the best model for predicting STAS in lung adenocarcinoma. These radiological features could predict STAS with excellent specificity but inferior sensitivity.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 193, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594763

RESUMO

In this case report, we present the unique and intriguing case of a 57-year-old man who experienced exertional palpitations and shortness of breath for 5 years. He was diagnosed with idiopathic heart failure three years ago, leading to diuretic treatment. Physical examination revealed notable left lower extremity swelling, severe varicose veins, and cardiac murmurs. Echocardiography showed significant cardiac enlargement and severe functional mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation. Computed tomography (CT) imaging uncovered a 10 mm left common iliac arteriovenous fistula, causing abnormal early filling of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and marked IVC dilation. Open surgical repair of the arteriovenous fistula resulted in symptom relief and improved cardiac function. This case underscores the importance of considering unusual causes in heart failure patients and highlights the value of early diagnosis and intervention in complex cardiac-vascular interactions.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Ecocardiografia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia
6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 183, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) complicated by mesenteric malperfusion is a critical and complicated condition. The optimal treatment strategy remains controversial, debate exists as to whether aortic dissection or mesenteric malperfusion should be addressed first, and the exact time window for mesenteric ischemia intervention is still unclear. To solve this problem, we developed a new concept based on the pathophysiological mechanism of mesenteric ischemia, using a 6-hour time window to divide newly admitted patients by the time from onset to admission, applying different treatment protocols to improve the clinical outcomes of patients with ATAAD complicated by mesenteric malperfusion. METHODS: This was a retrospective study that covered a five-year period. From July 2018 to December 2020(phase I), all patients underwent emergency open surgery. From January 2021 to June 2023(phase II), patients with an onset within 6 h all underwent open surgical repair, followed by immediately postoperative examination if the malperfusion is suspected, while the restoration of mesenteric perfusion and visceral organ function was performed first, followed by open repair, in patients with an onset beyond 6 h. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in baseline and surgical data. In phase I, eleven patients with mesenteric malperfusion underwent open surgery, while in phase II, our novel strategy was applied, with sixteen patients with an onset greater than 6 h and eleven patients with an onset less than 6 h. During the waiting period, none died of aortic rupture, but four patients died of organ failure, twelve patients had organ function improvement and underwent surgery successfully survived. The overall mortality rate decreased with the use of this novel strategy (54.55% vs. 18.52%, p = 0.047). Furthermore, the surgical mortality rate between the two periods showed even stronger statistical significance (54.55% vs. 4.35%, p = 0.022). Moreover, the proportions of patients with sepsis and multiorgan failure also showed differences. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel strategy for patients with ATAAD complicated by mesenteric malperfusion not only improves the surgical success rate but also reduces the overall mortality rate.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico , Dissecção Aórtica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia Mesentérica , Humanos , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Isquemia Mesentérica/cirurgia , Isquemia Mesentérica/etiologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Isquemia/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda , Resultado do Tratamento , Dissecção Aórtica/complicações , Dissecção Aórtica/cirurgia
7.
Nat Plants ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600265

RESUMO

NARROW LEAF1 (NAL1) exerts a multifaceted influence on leaf morphology and crop yield. Recent crystal study proposed that histidine 233 (H233) is part of the catalytic triad. Here we report that unlike suggested previously, H234 instead of H233 is a component of the catalytic triad alongside residues D291 and S385 in NAL1. Remarkably, residue 233 unexpectedly plays a pivotal role in regulating NAL1's proteolytic activity. These findings establish a strong foundation for utilizing NAL1 in breeding programs aimed at improving crop yield.

8.
Open Life Sci ; 19(1): 20220820, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38465337

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has figured that serum conversion rate of mumps is a crucial link of mumps disease. Nevertheless, a rising number of mumps outbreaks caused our attention and studies examining the serum conversion cases were conducted in small samples previously; this meta-analysis was conducted to assess the immunogenicity and safety of a mumps containing vaccine (MuCV) before 2019. We identified a total of 17 studies from the year of 2002-2017. In the case-control studies, the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of MuCV in preventing laboratory-confirmed mumps was 68% (odds risk: 0.32; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.14-0.70) while in the cohort studies and randomised control trials, 58% (relative risk [RR]: 0.42; 95% CI, 0.26-0.69). Similar intervals of effectiveness rates were found during non-outbreak periods compared with outbreak periods (VE: 66%; RR: 0.34; 95% CI, 0.18-0.68 versus VE: 49%; RR: 0.51; 95% CI, 0.21-1.27). In addition, the MuCV group with two and three doses did not show enhanced laboratory-confirmed mumps than one dose (VE: 58%; RR: 0.42; 95% CI, 0.20-0.88 versus VE: 65%, RR: 0.35; 95% CI, 0.20-0.61) for the reason of the overlap of 95% CI. MuCV had comparable effectiveness comparing non-outbreak and outbreak period, one dose, and two or three doses. MuCV displayed acceptable adverse event profiles.

9.
Chem Sci ; 15(10): 3721-3729, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455009

RESUMO

Overcoming thermal quenching is generally essential for the practical application of luminescent materials. It has been recently found that frameworks with negative thermal expansion (NTE) could be a promising candidate to engineer unconventional luminescence thermal enhancement. However, the mechanism through which luminescence thermal enhancement can be well tuned remains an open issue. In this work, enabled by altering ligands in a series of UiO-66 derived Eu-based metal-organic frameworks, it was revealed that the changes in the thermal expansion are closely related to luminescence thermal enhancement. The NTE of the aromatic ring part favors luminescence thermal enhancement, while contraction of the carboxylic acid part plays the opposite role. Modulation of functional groups in ligands can change the thermal vibration of aromatic rings and then achieve luminescence thermal enhancement in a wide temperature window. Our findings pave the way to manipulate the NTE and luminescence thermal enhancement based on ligand engineering.

10.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 484: 116884, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global increase in the aging population has led to a higher incidence of osteoporosis among the elderly. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the protective properties of pinoresinol diglucoside (PDG), an active constituent of Eucommia ulmoides, against dexamethasone-induced osteoporosis and chondrodysplasia. METHODS: A zebrafish model of osteoporosis was established by exposing larval zebrafish to dexamethasone. The impact of PDG on bone mineralization was assessed through alizarin red and calcein staining. Alkaline phosphatase activity was quantified to evaluate osteoblast function. The influence of PDG on chondrogenesis was estimated using alcian blue staining. Fluorescence imaging and motor behavior analysis were employed to assess the protective effect of PDG on the structure and function of dexamethasone-induced skeletal teratogenesis. qPCR determined the expression of osteogenesis and Wnt signaling-related genes. Molecular docking was used to assess the potential interactions between PDG and Wnt receptors. RESULTS: PDG significantly increased bone mineralization and corrected spinal curvature and cartilage malformations in the zebrafish model. Furthermore, PDG enhanced swimming abilities compared to the model group. PDG mitigated dexamethasone-induced skeletal abnormalities in zebrafish by upregulating Wnt signaling, showing potential interaction with Wnt receptors FZD2 and FZD5. CONCLUSION: PDG mitigates dexamethasone-induced osteoporosis and chondrodysplasia by promoting bone formation and activating Wnt signaling.


Assuntos
Lignanas , Osteoporose , Peixe-Zebra , Humanos , Animais , Idoso , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Osteogênese , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Receptores Wnt , Diferenciação Celular
11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202402621, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443314

RESUMO

The incorporation of pentagon-heptagon pairs into helical nanographenes lacks a facile synthetic route, and the impact of these pairs on chiroptical properties remains unclear. In this study, a method for the stepwise construction of pentagon-heptagon pairs in helical nanographenes by the dehydrogenation of [6]helicene units was developed. Three helical nanographenes containing pentagon-heptagon pairs were synthesized and characterized using this approach. A wide variation in the molecular geometries and photophysical properties of these helical nanographenes was observed, with changes in the helical length of these structures and the introduction of the pentagon-heptagon pairs. The embedded pentagon-heptagon pairs reduced the oxidation potential of the synthesized helical nanographenes. The high isomerization energy barriers enabled the chiral resolution of the helicene enantiomers. Chiroptical investigations revealed remarkably enhanced circularly polarized luminescence and luminescence dissymmetry factors with an increasing number of the pentagon-heptagon pairs.

12.
Pharmacol Res Perspect ; 12(2): e1186, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511246

RESUMO

We conducted pharmacokinetic research wherein salcaprozate sodium (SNAC) was utilized as a penetration enhancer by incorporating it into pancreatic kininogenase (PK) to improve the bioavailability of pancreatic kininogenase enteric-coated tablets. We conducted in vitro studies on PK using the Caco-2 cell model and quantified PK levels using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. We conducted methodological verification by blending SNAC and PK powders into enteric-coated capsules, and studied the pharmacokinetic characteristics. Based on the PK transport assay, the cumulative permeation rates of the test group that employed a SNAC to PK ratio of 32:1, 16:1, 8:1, 4:1, and 2:1 were 13.574%, 7.597%, 10.653%, 3.755%, and 2.523%, respectively. We conducted a uniformity test on the powder that contained a blend of SNAC and PK. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) for both the power containing SNAC and the power not containing SNAC were less than 10%. Based on the methodological verification, in vivo pharmacokinetic study of PK met the experimental requirements. As indicated by the results of in vivo pharmacokinetic research on rats, the test group (This group used SNAC) had a PK AUC0-12 h of 5679.747 ng/L*h and t1/2 of 4.569 h, while the control group (This group did not use SNAC) had a PK AUC0-12 h of 4639.665 ng/L*h and t1/2 of 3.13 h. This study has established a low-cost, environmentally friendly, and safe SNAC synthesis route with high process yield suitable for industrial production. SNAC demonstrates an absorption-enhancing effect on PK, and the optimal ratio of SNAC to PK is determined to be 32:1.


Assuntos
Caprilatos , Calicreínas , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Administração Oral , Células CACO-2
13.
Nat Rev Chem ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514833

RESUMO

Photon upconversion is a method for harnessing high-energy excited states from low-energy photons. Such photons, particularly in the red and near-infrared wavelength ranges, can penetrate tissue deeply and undergo less competitive absorption in coloured reaction media, enhancing the efficiency of large-scale reactions and in vivo phototherapy. Among various upconversion methodologies, the organic-based triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion (TTA-UC) stands out - demonstrating high upconversion efficiencies, requiring low excitation power densities and featuring tunable absorption and emission wavelengths. These factors contribute to improved photochemical reactions for fields such as photoredox catalysis, photoactivation, 3D printing and immunotherapy. In this Review, we explore concepts and design principles of organic TTA-UC-mediated photochemical reactions, highlighting notable advancements in the field, as well as identify challenges and propose potential solutions. This Review sheds light on the potential of organic TTA-UC to advance beyond the traditional photochemical reactions and paves the way for research in various fields and clinical applications.

14.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2306050, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544344

RESUMO

COVID-19 can lead to adverse outcomes in patients with pre-existing diseases. Azvudine has been approved for treating COVID-19 in China, but the real-world data is limited. It is aimed to investigate the efficacy of Azvudine in patients with COVID-19 and pre-existing cardiovascular diseases. Patients with confirmed COVID-19 and pre-existing cardiovascular diseases are retrospectively enrolled. The primary outcome is all-cause death during hospitalization. Overall, 351 patients are included, with a median age of 74 years, and 44% are female. 212 (60.6%) patients are severe cases. Azvudine is used in 106 (30.2%) patients and not in 245 (69.8%). 72 patients died during hospitalization. After multivariate adjustment, patients who received Azvudine a lower risk of all-cause death (hazard ratio: 0.431; 95% confidence interval: 0.252-0.738; p = 0.002) than controls. Azvudine therapy is also associated with lower risks of shock and acute kidney injury. For sensitivity analysis in the propensity score-matched cohort (n = 90 for each group), there is also a significant difference in all-cause death between the two groups (hazard ratio: 0.189; 95% confidence interval: 0.071-0.498; p < 0.001). This study indicated that Azvudine therapy is associated with better outcomes in COVID-19 patients with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases.

15.
Environ Int ; 185: 108543, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452464

RESUMO

Exposure to environmentally hazardous substances is recognized as a significant risk factor for neurological associated disorders. Among these substances, polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs), widely utilized in various consumer products, have been reported to exhibit neurotoxicity. However, the potential association of PS-MPs with abnormal anxiety behaviors, along with the underlying molecular mechanisms and key proteins involved, remains insufficiently explored. Here, we delineated the potential mechanisms of PS-MPs-induced anxiety through proteomics and molecular investigations. We characterized the PS-MPs, observed their accumulation in the brain, leading to anxiety-like behavior in mice, which is correlated with microglia activation and pro-inflammatory response. Consistent with these findings, our studies on BV2 microglia cells showed that PS-MPs activated NF-κB-mediated inflammation resulting in the upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα and IL-1ß. Of particular significance, HRAS was identified as a key factor in the PS-MPs induced pro-inflammatory response through whole proteomics analysis, and knockdown of H-ras effectively inhibited PS-MPs induced PERK-NF-κB activation and associated pro-inflammatory response in microglia cells. Collectively, our findings highlight that PS-MPs induce anxiety of mice via the activation of the HRAS-derived PERK-NF-κB pathway in microlglia. Our results contribute valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms of PS-MPs-induced anxiety, and may offer implications for addressing neurotoxicity and prevention the adverse effects of environmentally hazardous substances, including microplastics.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Animais , Camundongos , Ansiedade/induzido quimicamente , Substâncias Perigosas , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Plásticos , Poliestirenos/toxicidade
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(12): 6372-6388, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471112

RESUMO

Oxidative damage to the kidneys is a primary factor in the occurrence of kidney stones. This study explores the inhibitory effect of Porphyra yezoensis polysaccharides (PYP) on oxalate-induced renal injury by detecting levels of oxidative damage, expression of adhesion molecules, and damage to intracellular organelles and revealed the molecular mechanism by molecular biology methods. Additionally, we validated the role of PYP in vivo using a crystallization model of hyperoxalate-induced rats. PYP effectively scavenged the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HK-2 cells, inhibited the adhesion of calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals on the cell surface, unblocked the cell cycle, restored the depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential, and inhibited cell death. PYP upregulated the expression of antioxidant proteins, including Nrf2, HO-1, SOD, and CAT, while decreasing the expression of Keap-1, thereby activating the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway. PYP inhibited CaOx deposition in renal tubules in the rat crystallization model, significantly reduced high oxalate-induced renal injury, decreased the levels of the cell surface adhesion proteins, improved renal function in rats, and ultimately inhibited the formation of kidney stones. Therefore, PYP, which has crystallization inhibition and antioxidant properties, may be a therapeutic option for the treatment of kidney stones.


Assuntos
Oxalato de Cálcio , Cálculos Renais , Porphyra , Ratos , Animais , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Oxalato de Cálcio/metabolismo , Oxalato de Cálcio/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Cálculos Renais/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Oxalatos/metabolismo , Oxalatos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo
17.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(3): 300-5, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical efficacy of autologous bone grafts and bone substitute for the treatment of tibial plateau fractures by Meta analysis. METHODS: Controlled clinical studies on autogenous bone transplantation and bone substitutes in treating tibial plateau fractures published on PubMed,Web of Science,CNKI,Wanfang and other databases from January 2005 to August 2022 were searched by computer. Literature screening and data extraction were performed according to randomized controlled trial(RCT),and the quality of RCT were evaluated by using intervention meta-analysis criteria in Cochrane manual. Meta-analysis of joint depression,secondary collapse rate of articular surface,blood loss,operative time and infection rate between two methods were performed by Rev Man 5.3 software. RESULTS: Seven RCT studies (424 patients) were included,296 patients in bone replacement group and 128 patients in autograft group. Operative time [MD=-16.79,95%CI(-25.72,-7.85),P=0.000 2] and blood loss[MD=-70.49,95%CI(-79.34,-61.65),P<0.000 01] between two groups had statistically differences,while joint depression[MD=-0.17,95%CI(-0.91,0.58),P=0.66],secondary collapse rate of joint surface[RR=-0.74, 95%CI(0.35,1.57),P=0.43],infection rate [RR=1.21,95%CI(0.31,4.70),P=0.78] between two groups had no differences. CONCLUSION: The effects of bone substitute and autograft for the treatment of tibial plateau fracture have similar effects in terms of joint depression,secondary articular surface collapse rate and infection rate. However,compared with autologous bone transplantation,bone replacement could reduce blood loss and shorten operation time.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos , Fraturas da Tíbia , Fraturas do Planalto Tibial , Humanos , Substitutos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos
18.
Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen ; 39: 15333175241238577, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491918

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the peripheral immune system is be involved in the neuroinflammation in Alzheimer disease (AD) and accelerate the disease progression. The contribution of immune cells, particularly B cells, to AD pathogenesis has gained attention in recent research. In this study, we investigated the role of Peripheral Blood Memory B cells (PBMBs) and their secreted Migration Inhibition Factor (MIF) in driving macrophage behavior in AD based on the scRNA-seq technique, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. We discovered that MIF binds to the CD74-CD44 receptor complex on macrophages, influencing their behavior. The dysregulated macrophage response hampers the clearance of amyloid-beta (Aß) plaques, exacerbating AD pathology. Targeting the MIF-CD74-CD44 signal pathway may hold therapeutic potential in modulating macrophage activity and mitigating neuroinflammation in AD. This study provides a further understanding of peripheral immune cells dysregulated in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos , Humanos , Células B de Memória , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/metabolismo , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo
20.
Insect Sci ; 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485691

RESUMO

The tobacco cutworm Spodoptera litura is one of the most destructive polyphagous crop pests. Olfaction and taste play a crucial role in its host plant selection and sexual communication, but the expression profile of chemosensory genes remains unclear. In this study, we identified 185 chemosensory genes from 7 organs in S. litura by transcriptome sequencing, of which 72 genes were published for the first time, including 27 odorant receptors (ORs), 26 gustatory receptors (GRs), 1 ionotropic receptor (IR), 16 odorant-binding proteins (OBPs), and 2 chemosensory proteins (CSPs). Phylogenetic analyses revealed that ORs, IRs, OBPs, and sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) were mainly expressed in antennae and sequence-conserved among Noctuidae species. The most differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between sexes were ORs and OBPs, and no DEGs were found in GRs. GR transcripts were enriched in proboscis, and the expression of sugar receptors was the highest. Carbon dioxide receptors, sugar receptor-SliuGR6, and bitter GRs-SlituGR43 and SlituGR66 had higher sequence identities between Noctuidae species. CSPs were broadly expressed in various organs, and SlituCSP13 was a DEG in adult antennae. The functional analysis in the Drosophila OR67d expression system found that SlituOR50, a receptor highly expressed in female antennae, is selectively tuned to farnesyl acetate. The results provide a solid foundation for understanding the molecular mechanisms by which chemosensory genes operate to elicit behavioral responses in polyphagous insects.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...