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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209958

RESUMO

Aquaculture has greater potential for seafood production than wild capture fisheries. To meet the growing demand for seafood, China's marine aquaculture industry has begun building deep-water cages in the open sea. However, under these conditions, fish encounter strong currents and waves, and ensuring their healthy growth is key to the farming process. To address these issues, it is necessary to study the sustained swimming abilities of cultured fish species. Blackhead seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) and red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) are traditional economic fish species in China; however, their sustained swimming ability under a constant current has been underexplored. Therefore, we examined the endurance swimming ability of three size classes of blackhead seabream and red drum at 20 °C. The fish were then subjected to swimming tests of 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 min at a constant swimming speed of 0.55 m/s (0.80 m/s), 0.65 m/s (0.90 m/s), and 0.70 m/s (0.98 m/s). The fish were then dissected to obtain muscle, blood, and liver samples; sample metabolite concentrations were measured at six time points, each of which guaranteed five sets of valid data. The results indicated that red drum has a significantly stronger swimming ability, and can be cultured in waters with a short-term flow rate not exceeding 0.75 m/s or 3.5 BL/s. Further, blackhead seabream can be cultured in waters with a flow velocity lower than 0.55 m/s or 2.5 BL/s. The species-related metabolic differences were mainly reflected in the hepatic glycogen and blood glucose concentrations, and those in swimming ability caused by body length were mainly reflected by the hepatic glycogen concentration. The hepatic glycogen concentration had the most significant effect on fish with body lengths >28 cm (P < 0.05). Overall, the experimental results indicated that the liver plays a major role in the physiological level of fish swimming fatigue, providing a direction for further research.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Dourada , Animais , Natação/fisiologia , Glicogênio Hepático , Fadiga
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt B): 130207, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332275

RESUMO

The highly toxic N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) and hydrazine (N2H4) caused severe environmental contamination and serious health risks. Herein, we designed the two-photon ratiometric fluorescent probe (Nap-2), emission maximum shifted from 466 nm to 571 nm, to monitor cell viability of NDEA induced acute hepatitis via esterase activity detection. Furthermore, the probe Nap-2 evaluate the hydrazine (N2H4) content in the solution and gas phase. It is worth mentioning that we used NDEA induced acute hepatitis in the mice and evaluated the negative correlation of esterase activity in the tissue cells and serum with Nap-2. The probe Nap-2 exhibited that acute hepatitis induced by NDEA decreased cell viability. Furthermore, we made convenient test papers using Nap-2 to detect N2H4 in solution and gas phase. After adding N2H4, the fluorescence color changed from blue to yellow and was visible to the naked eye. This work provides a convenient tool and method for evaluating the toxicity of NDEA induced acute hepatitis and detecting N2H4 in the environment.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Hepatite , Camundongos , Animais , Dietilnitrosamina/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Sobrevivência Celular , Hidrazinas/toxicidade , Esterases
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt B): 130100, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334574

RESUMO

Soil particle size fractions (PSFs) are important for arsenic (As) partitioning, migration, and speciation transformation. However, information is lacking about the environmental fate of As and its distribution on different PSFs. In the present study, two types of soils from mining areas were divided into four PSFs, including coarse sand (2-0.25 mm), fine sand (0.25-0.05 mm), silt (0.05-0.002 mm), and clay (< 0.002 mm) fractions. The results showed that As was enriched in the coarse sand, which was primarily affected by the content of organic carbon (OC), followed by iron (Fe), aluminum (Al), and manganese (Mn) (hydr)oxides. The elevated total As (TAs), As(III), organic As, Fe(II), and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations were mainly originated from the clay fraction. The intensified humification degree of DOM and promoted bacterial metabolism related to As/iron bioreduction were also exhibited in the clay fractions. The dynamics of As fractions in soils indicated the potential formation of secondary minerals and re-adsorption of As in the PSFs. The highest abundances of arrA, arsC, arsM, and Geo genes were found in the clay fraction, implying that the clay fraction potentially released more As, including As(III) and organic As. Results from the correlation analysis showed that elevated DOC concentrations promoted the catabolic responses of iron-reducing microorganisms and triggered microbial As detoxification. Overall, this study provides valuable information and guidance for the remediation of As-contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Arsênio/análise , Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida , Tamanho da Partícula , Argila , Areia , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Ferro/análise
4.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 977917, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389084

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the dynamic functional network connectivity (FNC) and its relationship with cognitive function in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients from normal cognition (OSA-NC) to mild cognitive impairment (OSA-MCI). Materials and methods: Eighty-two male OSA patients and 48 male healthy controls (HC) were included in this study. OSA patients were classified to OSA-MCI (n = 41) and OSA-NC (n = 41) based on cognitive assessments. The independent component analysis was used to determine resting-state functional networks. Then, a sliding-window approach was used to construct the dynamic FNC, and differences in temporal properties of dynamic FNC and functional connectivity strength were compared between OSA patients and the HC. Furthermore, the relationship between temporal properties and clinical assessments were analyzed in OSA patients. Results: Two different connectivity states were identified, namely, State I with stronger connectivity and lower frequency, and State II with lower connectivity and relatively higher frequency. Compared to HC, OSA patients had a longer mean dwell time and higher fractional window in stronger connectivity State I, and opposite result were found in State II, which was mainly reflected in OSA-MCI patients. The number of transitions was an increasing trend and positively correlated with cognitive assessment in OSA-MCI patients. Compared with HC, OSA patients showed extensive abnormal functional connectivity in stronger connected State I and less reduced functional connectivity in lower connected State II, which were mainly located in the salience network, default mode network, and executive control network. Conclusion: Our study found that OSA patients showed abnormal dynamic FNC properties, which was a continuous trend from HC, and OSA-NC to OSA-MCI, and OSA patients showed abnormal dynamic functional connectivity strength. The number of transformations was associated with cognitive impairment in OSA-MCI patients, which may provide new insights into the neural mechanisms in OSA patients.

5.
Neurotoxicology ; 93: 337-347, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341947

RESUMO

Propranolol hydrochloride is the first-line drug for the clinical treatment of hypertension, arrhythmia, and other diseases. However, with the increasing use of this drug, its safety and environmental health have received more and more attention. In this study, aquatic vertebrate zebrafish were used as a model to study the toxic effects and mechanisms of propranolol hydrochloride. It was revealed that zebrafish larvae exposed to propranolol hydrochloride showed aberrant head nerve development and locomotor disorders. Additionally, exposure to propranolol hydrochloride could induce oxidative stress, alter the activities of AChE and ATPase, and disrupt the expression of genes involved in neurodevelopment and neurotransmitter pathways. More interestingly, the expression of Parkinson's disease-related genes was altered in zebrafish treated with propranolol hydrochloride. We detected the expression of genes related to the Wnt signaling pathway and found that their expression appeared to be down-regulated. The phenotype of nerve developmental defects and locomotor disorders can be effectively rescued by astaxanthin and Wnt activators. Collectively, the results suggest that propranolol hydrochloride may induce neurotoxicity and abnormal movement behavior with PD-like symptoms in zebrafish larvae.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Larva , Embrião não Mamífero , Propranolol/toxicidade , Propranolol/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(11): 3159-3168, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384850

RESUMO

'Marine ecosystem engineers' are marine species that can shape habitats and benefit other marine organisms, which are widely found in marine plants, animals and microorganisms. Their ecological roles are the basis of marine ecological functions. By analyzing the relevant literature, we systematically reviewed the research progress of the ecological roles of 'marine ecosystem engineers', and proposed the main research direction and content in the future. In general, 'marine ecosystem engineers' play an active role in a particular marine environment. However, once they become invasive species, they may have negative impacts on the invasive sea area. In addition, some 'marine ecosystem engineers' can have both positive and negative impacts simultaneously. In the future, it is necessary to strengthen researches on the role of 'marine ecosystem engineers' in marine biological beds, marine biogenic reefs, marine biofilms and composite ecosystem engineering, effectively utilize their positive roles and prevent and control their negative impacts, so as to realize the comprehensive development, utilization and protection of the ocean.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos , Ecossistema , Animais , Espécies Introduzidas
7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(11): 1216-20, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of Shugan Tiaoshen (soothing liver and regulating mind) acupuncture combined with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD), and to explore its mechanism. METHODS: Ninety patients of PSD were randomly divided into an acupuncture+rTMS combination group (30 cases), a rTMS combination group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a western medication group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). The western medication group was treated with escitalopram oxalate tablets, 10 mg orally each time, once a day; on the basis of the treatment in the western medication group, the rTMS combination group was additionally given rTMS, and the frequency was 20 Hz, 20 min each time, once a day, 5 times a week; on the basis of the treatment in the rTMS combination group, the acupuncture+rTMS combination group was additionally treated with Shugan Tiaoshen acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Yintang (GV 24+), Shenting (GV 24), etc. for 40 min each time, once a day, weekly 5 times, and each group was treated for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the scores of Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17), Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were observed, and serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were detected in each group. RESULTS: After treatment, the HAMD-17 scores in the three groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01), and the PSQI scores in the acupuncture+rTMS combination group and the rTMS combination group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01); the above indexes in the acupuncture+rTMS combination group and the rTMS combination group were lower than those in the western medication group (P<0.05), and the PSQI score in the acupuncture+rTMS combination group was lower than that in the rTMS combination group (P<0.05). After treatment, the MoCA scores and serum BDNF levels in the acupuncture+rTMS combination group and the rTMS combination group were higher than those before treatment (P<0.01), and the serum 5-HT levels in the three groups were higher than those before treatment (P<0.01); and the above indexes in the acupuncture+rTMS combination group and the rTMS combination group were higher than those in the western medication group (P<0.05), and which in the acupuncture+rTMS combination group were higher than those in the rTMS combination group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: On the basis of western medication escitalopram oxalate, the addition of Shugan Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with rTMS therapy can effectively improve cognitive function and sleep quality in patients with PSD, and the effect is better than that of western medication alone or rTMS combined with western medication. Its mechanism of action may be related to the increase of peripheral serum 5-HT and BDNF levels.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Serotonina , Resultado do Tratamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia
8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(45): 20854-20865, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318188

RESUMO

Organelles are dynamic yet highly organized to preserve cellular homeostasis. However, the absence of time-resolved molecular tools for simultaneous dual-signal imaging of two organelles has prevented scientists from elucidating organelle interaction regulatory mechanisms on a nanosecond timescale. To date, the regulatory mechanisms governing the interaction between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and autophagosomes are unknown. In this study, we propose a strategy for developing dual-fluorescence lifetime probes localized to the endoplasmic reticulum and autophagosomes to investigate their interaction regulatory mechanisms. Using the robust probe CF2, we investigated the regulatory mechanisms between ER and autophagosomes and discovered the following: (i) motile autophagosome in ER tips drives the ER tubule to grow and slide; (ii) the ER reticulate tubule forms a three-way junction centered on the autophagosome; (iii) ER autophagy is a type of cell damage index during drug-induced apoptosis. Thus, this study advances our knowledge of organelle interaction regulatory mechanisms, shedding light on the identification of therapeutic targets for neurodegenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos , Retículo Endoplasmático , Fluorescência , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Autofagia
9.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Auxin response factors (ARFs) are a class of transcription factors that regulate the expression of auxin-responsive genes and play important functions in plant growth and development. To understand the biological functions of the auxin response factor GhARF2 gene in upland cotton, the coding sequence (CDS) of GhARF2 gene was cloned, and its protein sequence, evolutionary relationship, subcellular localization and expression pattern were analysed. METHODS: The CDS sequence of GhARF2 gene was cloned from upland cotton variety Baimian No.1, and its protein sequence was analyzed by bioinformatics method. The subcellular localization of GhARF2 protein was detected by tobacco epidermal transient transformation system, and the tissue expression and stress expression pattern of GhARF2 were analyzed by quantitative Real­Time PCR (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: The full-length CDS of GhARF2 gene was 2583 bp, encoded 860 amino acids, and had a molecular weight and an isoelectric point of 95.46 KDa and 6.02, respectively. The GhARF2 protein had multiple phosphorylation sites, no transmembrane domain, and secondary structures dominated by random coils and alpha helix. The GhARF2 protein had 3 conserved typical domains of ARF gene family members, including the B3 DNA binding domain, the Auxin_resp domain, and the Aux/IAA domain. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that ARF2 proteins in different species were clustered in the Group A subgroup, in which GhARF2 was closely related to TcARF2 of Theobroma cacao L. (Malvaceae). The subcellular localization results showed that the GhARF2 protein was localized in the nucleus. Analysis of tissue expression pattern showed that the GhARF2 gene was expressed in all tested tissues, with the highest expression levels in sepal, followed by leaf, and the lowest expression levels in fiber. Further stress expression analysis showed that the GhARF2 gene was induced by drought, high-temperature, low-temperature and salt stress, and had different expression patterns under different stress conditions. CONCLUSION: These results established a foundation for understanding the functions of GhARF2 and breeding varieties with high-stress tolerance in cotton.

10.
Mar Drugs ; 20(11)2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355001

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of the fermentation extract of the coral-associated fungus Aspergillus sp. ITBBc1 led to the discovery of five unreported p-terphenyl derivatives, sanshamycins A-E (1-5), together with five previously described analogues, terphenyllin (6), 3-hydroxyterphenyllin (7), candidusin A (8), 4,5-dimethoxycandidusin A (9), and candidusin C (10). Their structures were elucidated by HRESIMS data and NMR spectroscopic analysis. Compound 1 represents the first example of p-terphenyls with an aldehyde substitution on the benzene ring. Compounds 2-4 feature varying methoxyl and isopentenyl substitutions, while compound 5 features a five-membered lactone linked to a biphenyl. These findings expand the chemical diversity of the family of p-terphenyl natural products. Compounds 1-6 and 9 were evaluated for their inhibitory activity against type 4 phosphodiesterase (PDE4), which is a fascinating drug target for treatment of inflammatory, respiratory, and neurological diseases. Compound 3 was the most potent and exhibited PDE4D inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 5.543 µM.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Antozoários , Produtos Biológicos , Animais , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/metabolismo , Aspergillus/química , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Antozoários/metabolismo , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular
11.
Nanomedicine ; 47: 102628, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36400317

RESUMO

Benefit for clinical melanoma treatments, the transdermal neoadjuvant therapy could reduce surgery region and increase immunotherapy efficacy. Using lipoplex (Lipo-PEG-PEI-complex, LPPC) encapsulated doxorubicin (DOX) and carrying CpG oligodeoxynucleotide; the transdermally administered nano-liposomal drug complex (LPPC-DOX-CpG) would have high cytotoxicity and immunostimulatory activity to suppress systemic metastasis of melanoma. LPPC-DOX-CpG dramatically suppressed subcutaneous melanoma growth by inducing tumor cell apoptosis and recruiting immune cells into the tumor area. Animal studies further showed that the colonization and growth of spontaneously metastatic melanoma cells in the liver and lung were suppressed by transdermal LPPC-DOX-CpG. Furthermore, NGS analysis revealed IFN-γ and NF-κB pathways were triggered to recruit and activate the antigen-presenting-cells and effecter cells, which could activate the anti-tumor responses as the major mechanism responsible for the therapeutic effect of LPPC-DOX-CpG. Finally, we have successfully proved transdermal LPPC-DOX-CpG as a promising penetrative carrier to activate systemic anti-tumor immunity against subcutaneous and metastatic tumor.

12.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0276058, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, physical restraint is commonly used in institutions to protect residents from falling or injury. However, physical restraint should be used cautiously to avoid side effects, such as worse cognition, mobility, depression, and even death. OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of physical restraint and the associated risk factors in institutionalized residents in Taiwan. METHODS: A community-based epidemiological survey was conducted from July 2019 to February 2020 across 266 residential institutions. Among the estimated 6,549 residents being surveyed, a total of 5,752 finished the study. The questionnaires were completed by residents, his/her family or social workers. The cognition tests were conducted by specialists and a multilevel analysis approach was used to identify cognition/disability/medical history/special nursing care/BPSD risk factors for physical restraints. RESULTS: Of the 5,752 included institutionalized residents, 30.2% (1,737) had been previously restrained. Older age, lower education level, lower cognitive function, higher dependence, residents with cerebrovascular disease, pulmonary disease, dementia, and intractable epilepsy, all contributed to a higher physical restraint rate, while orthopedic disease and spinal cord injury were associated with a lower physical restraint rate. Furthermore, residents with special nursing care had a higher restraint rate. Residents with most of the behavior and psychological symptoms were also associated with an increased restraint rate. CONCLUSIONS: We studied the rate of physical restraint and associated risk factors in institutionalized residents in Taiwan. The benefits and risks of physical restraint should be evaluated before application, and adjusted according to different clinical situations.


Assuntos
Casas de Saúde , Restrição Física , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Restrição Física/efeitos adversos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Acidentes por Quedas , Fatores de Risco
13.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 22(1): 347, 2022 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To observe the effects of different positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) ventilation strategies on pulmonary compliance and complications in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostate surgery. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with the American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Class I or II who underwent elective robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy were enrolled. We randomized the patients divided into divided into three groups of 40 patients each: PEEP0, PEEP5, or PEEP10. Master Anesthetist used volume control ventilation intraoperatively with an intraoperative deep muscle relaxation strategy. Respiratory mechanics indexes were recorded at six time-points: 10 mimuts after anaesthesia induction, immediately after pneumoperitoneum establishment, 30 min, 60 min, 90 min, and at the end of pneumoperitoneum. Arterial blood gas analysis and oxygenation index calculation were performed 10 mimuts after anaesthesia induction, 60 mimuts after pneumoperitoneum, and after tracheal extubation. Postoperative pulmonary complications were also recorded. RESULTS: After pneumoperitoneum, peak inspiratory pressure (Ppeak), plateau pressure (Pplat), mean pressure (Pmean), driving pressure (ΔP), and airway resistance (Raw) increased significantly, and pulmonary compliance (Crs) decreased, persisting during pneumoperitoneum in all groups. Between immediately after pneumoperitoneum establishment, 30 min, 60 min, and 90 min, pulmonary compliance in the 10cmH2OPEEP group was higher than in the 5cmH2OPEEP (P < 0.05) and 0cmH2OPEEP groups(P < 0.05). The driving pressure (ΔP) immediately after pneumoperitoneum establishment, at 30 min, 60 min, and 90 min in the 10cmH2OPEEP group was lower than in the 5cmH2OPEEP (P < 0.05) and 0cmH2OPEEP groups (P < 0.05). Sixty min after pneumoperitoneum and tracheal extubation, the PaCO2 did not differ significantly among the three groups (P > 0.05). The oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was higher in the PEEP5 group than in the PEEP0 and PEEP10 groups 60 min after pneumoperitoneum and after tracheal extubation, with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). In postoperative pulmonary complications, the incidence of atelectasis was higher in the PEEP0 group than in the PEEP5 and PEEP10 groups, with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of PEEP at 5cmH2O during RARP increases lung compliance, improves intraoperative oxygenation index and reduces postoperative atelectasis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered in the China Clinical Trials Registry on May 30, 2020 (Registration No. ChiCTR2000033380).


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Pneumoperitônio , Atelectasia Pulmonar , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Masculino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Próstata , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Atelectasia Pulmonar/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(49): e2215442119, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442117

RESUMO

Sex pheromones are pivotal for insect reproduction. However, the mechanism of sex pheromone communication remains enigmatic in hymenopteran parasitoids. Here we have identified the sex pheromone and elucidated the olfactory basis of sex pheromone communication in Campoletis chlorideae (Ichneumonidae), a solitary larval endoparasitoid of over 30 lepidopteran pests. Using coupled gas chromatography-electroantennogram detection, we identified two female-derived pheromone components, tetradecanal (14:Ald) and 2-heptadecanone (2-Hep) (1:4.6), eliciting strong antennal responses from males but weak responses from females. We observed that males but not females were attracted to both single components and the blend. The hexane-washed female cadavers failed to arouse males, and replenishing 14:Ald and 2-Hep could partially restore the sexual attraction of males. We further expressed six C. chlorideae male-biased odorant receptors in Drosophila T1 neurons and found that CchlOR18 and CchlOR47 were selectively tuned to 14:Ald and 2-Hep, respectively. To verify the biological significance of this data, we knocked down CchlOR18 and CchlOR47 individually or together in vivo and show that the attraction of C. chlorideae to their respective ligands was abolished. Moreover, the parasitoids defective in either of the receptors were less likely to court and copulate. Finally, we show that the sex pheromone and (Z)-jasmone, a potent female attractant, can synergistically affect behaviors of virgin males and virgin females and ultimately increase the parasitic efficiency of C. chlorideae. Our study provides new insights into the molecular mechanism of sex pheromone communication in C. chlorideae that may permit manipulation of parasitoid behavior for pest control.


Assuntos
Receptores Odorantes , Atrativos Sexuais , Masculino , Animais , Insetos , Comunicação , Feromônios , Drosophila
15.
FASEB J ; 36(12): e22617, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412513

RESUMO

Early-onset preeclampsia (ePE) originates from abnormal implantation and placentation that involves trophoblast invasion, but its pathophysiology is not entirely understood. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) regulators mediate the progression of various cancers. The invasiveness of trophoblast cells is similar to that of tumor cells. However, little is known regarding the potential role of m6A modification in ePE and the underlying mechanism. This study aimed to explore the m6A level in placental tissue samples collected from ePE patients and to investigate whether m6A modification was an essential part of PE pathogenesis. The m6A level in placental tissue samples of 80 PE participants was examined. MeRIP-microarray, RNA-Seq, luciferase reporter assay, and RNA immunoprecipitation chip (RIP) assay were performed. The m6A level in the ePE group was significantly reduced compared with the control group. Wilms' tumor 1-associating protein (WTAP) regulated trophoblast cell migration and invasion. Mechanistically, the high mobility group nucleosomal binding domain 3 (HMGN3) gene was a target gene of WTAP in trophoblast (p < .05). WTAP enhanced the stability of HMGN3 mRNA through binding with its 3'-UTR m6A site(+485A, +522A). HMGN3 was recognized by m6A recognition protein insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1), which was inhibited when knocking down WTAP. Both m6A and WTAP levels were downregulated in ePE. The m6A modification mediated by WTAP/IGF2BP1/HMGN3 axis might contribute to abnormal trophoblast invasion. Our work provided a foundation for further exploration of RNA epigenetic regulatory patterns in ePE, and indicated a new treatment strategy for ePE.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Trofoblastos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Placenta/metabolismo , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , RNA/metabolismo , Fatores de Processamento de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Trofoblastos/metabolismo
16.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36443148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Purpose: Anemia affects the life quality of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, but no report from Asian about anemia screening and its impact previously. We aimed to explore the prevalence and impact of anemia among the IBD patients in Taiwan. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted from January 2006 to February 2018 at National Taiwan University Hospital. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 1604 IBD patients were enrolled [494 Crohn's disease (CD) and 1110 ulcerative colitis (UC)]. Overall, 95.3% (471/494) of CD and 87.9% (976/1110) of UC patients underwent anemia screening. Anemia screening rate in IBD patients significantly increased from 62.6% (162/259) in 2006 to 77.2% (838/1086) in 2017. The mean time from IBD diagnosis to anemia screening was 122.4 days in CD patients and even longer in UC patients at 216.2 days. Persistent anemia was found in 47.3% (548/1158) of the screened patients. Risk factors of persistent anemia included low body mass index [odds ratio (OR) = 1.96, p < 0.01], steroid [OR = 2.96, p < 0.01], thiopurine [OR = 2.62, p < 0.01], colectomy [OR = 6.3, p < 0.01], and small bowel resection [OR = 3.21, p < 0.05)] after IBD diagnosis. Compared with those without anemia, anemic IBD patients had higher admission (p < 0.01) and mortality rates (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The anemia screening rate was acceptable and increased over time in Taiwan. Since anemia is associated with worse outcomes, earlier survey and treatment of anemia in IBD patients is recommended.

17.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 1011725, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325359

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a disease that impacts the elderly. Low estrogen is related to changes in DNA methylation and consequent alterations in gene expression, leading to a new direction in research related to the pathophysiology of osteoporosis. We constructed an Ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model in our study, and the mouse models had osteoporosis based on the phenotype and methylation levels in the mouse's bone. Furthermore, the methylation level of the OVX mice was significantly changed compared to that of SHAM mice. Therefore, we performed genome-level analysis on the mouse model using transcriptome and Whole Genome Bisulfite Sequencing (WGBS) by combining the data of two omics and discovered that the changes in gene expression level caused by osteoporosis primarily focused on the decrease of bone and muscle development and the activation of the immune system. According to intersection analysis of methylation and transcriptome data, the differentially expressed genes and pathways are consistent with the differentially expressed methylation locations and regions. Further, the differentially expressed methylation sites were mainly concentrated in promoters, exons, and other critical functional regions of essential differentially expressed genes. This is also the primary cause of gene differential expression variations, indicating that estrogen deficiency might regulate gene expression by altering methylation modification, leading to osteoporosis. We demonstrated the clinical value of methylation modification research, and these findings would improve the current understanding of underlying molecular mechanisms of osteoporosis incidence and development and provide new ideas for early detection and treatment of osteoporosis.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(40): e30919, 2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221412

RESUMO

Torque control of maxillary incisors is very important in maxillary protrusion patients with first premolars extraction, but the efficacy of maxillary incisor retraction of clear aligners is still controversial now. This retrospective study was aimed to compare the retraction effects between Damon Q and Invisalign® appliances in patients with first premolar extractions. 59 patients (33 cases with Damon Q and 26 cases with Invisalign®) with first premolar extraction were selected in this study. Subsequently, patients of each group were allocated into three subgroups according to the pretreatment value of U1-NA (°). The retraction effects of maxillary incisors and upper lips were accessed by the variations of cephalometric, overbite and overjet measurements. Treatment duration with Invisalign® (31.4 ±â€…6.4 months) was longer than Damon Q (27.7 ±â€…6.3 months) (P = .03). The angular measurements, U1-NA (°) and U1-SN (°) showed more lingual crown inclinations in Invisalign® group than Damon Q group (P ≤ .04). When evaluating linear measurements, the retractions of the maxillary incisors and upper lip positions showed no significant differences (P ≥ .13). Invisalign® group also showed more lingual crown retractions and labial root deviations compared to Damon Q group in subgroup Ⅲ (P ≤ .037). As regards to the molar relationship, Invisalign® displayed less Class Ⅰ molar relationship than Damon Q group. The increased overbite of anterior incisors was also showed in the Invisalign® treatment group (P ≤ .047). Invisalign® was not sufficiently effective in retracting maxillary incisors compared with Damon Q appliances. Invisalign® led to more lingual inclination movement and increased overbite.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Sobremordida , Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia , Cefalometria , Humanos , Incisivo , Maxila/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
19.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent findings suggest that both dietary protein intake and hand grip strength (HGS) were associated with cognitive function, however, few studies have been devoted specifically to the mediation effect of HGS on the association of dietary protein with cognitive function. OBJECTIVES: To confirm the hypothesis that HGS mediated the association of dietary protein intake with cognitive function in the elderly, which was modified by triglyceride level and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,268 participants. Dietary protein intake, HGS, and cognitive function were collected by food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), grip measurements and mini mental state examination (MMSE), respectively. In this mediation analysis, dietary protein intake was entered as independent variable, HGS was entered as mediator, and cognitive function was entered as dependent variable. RESULTS: HGS significantly mediated the associations of dietary protein (ß = 0.0013, 95% CI: 0.0007, 0.0022), animal protein (ß = 0.0024, 95% CI: 0.0012, 0.0037), and plant protein intake (ß = 0.0011, 95% CI: 0.0001, 0.0023) with cognitive function in total participants, with the mediated proportion of 16.19%, 12.45% and 20.57%, respectively. Furthermore, significant mediation effects of HGS on the associations of dietary protein, animal protein, and plant protein intake with MMSE score were found in the elderly without hypertriglyceridemia or in MTHFR C677T CC/CT carriers. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that HGS mediated the association of dietary protein intake with cognitive function, and this mediation effect was modified by triglyceride level and MTHFR C677T gene status.

20.
Oncologist ; 2022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36215276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudocirrhosis is an imaging finding of malignancies with liver metastasis with or without clinical liver cirrhosis-related portal hypertension (pHTN). This study defined evident pHTN by the presence of esophageal or gastric varices and compared patients' outcomes of metastatic breast cancer with imaging-diagnosed pseudocirrhosis with or without varices. METHODS: The medical records from patients with metastatic breast cancer and pseudocirrhosis between 2005 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Survival outcomes were compared based on endoscopic evidence of esophageal or gastric varices. RESULTS: Among 106 patients with pseudocirrhosis, 33 (31%) had de novo stage IV disease, and 66 (62%) had hormone receptor (HR)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer. Eighty-one (76%) had initial metastases in both hepatic lobes, and 32 (30%) had esophageal or gastric varices. The median overall survival (OS) was 5 and 13 months in patients with and without varices (P = .002). The median OS in patients with HER2-positive, HR-positive/HER2-negative, and triple-negative subtype was 16, 9, and 2 months, respectively (P = .001). Patients with varices usually had cirrhotic complications, including gastrointestinal bleeding, hyperbilirubinemia, hyperammonemia, and coagulopathy. Despite their challenging clinical conditions, 7 patients with varices had OS exceeding 1 year. In multivariate analysis, evident varices (P = .007) and triple-negative subtype (P = .013) were associated with poor OS. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with pseudocirrhosis and evident varices had a significantly shorter median OS, and were usually associated with clinical cirrhosis-related complications. To maximize OS, early identification and meticulous supportive care are warranted.

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