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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612855

RESUMO

Odontoblastic differentiation of human stem cells from the apical papilla (hSCAPs) is crucial for continued root development and dentin formation in immature teeth with apical periodontitis (AP). Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) has been reported to regulate bone regeneration and osteogenic differentiation profoundly. However, the effect of FTO on hSCAPs remains unknown. This study aimed to identify the potential function of FTO in hSCAPs' odontoblastic differentiation under normal and inflammatory conditions and to investigate its underlying mechanism preliminarily. Histological staining and micro-computed tomography were used to evaluate root development and FTO expression in SD rats with induced AP. The odontoblastic differentiation ability of hSCAPs was assessed via alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red S staining, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting. Gain- and loss-of-function assays and online bioinformatics tools were conducted to explore the function of FTO and its potential mechanism in modulating hSCAPs differentiation. Significantly downregulated FTO expression and root developmental defects were observed in rats with AP. FTO expression notably increased during in vitro odontoblastic differentiation of hSCAPs, while lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inhibited FTO expression and odontoblastic differentiation. Knockdown of FTO impaired odontoblastic differentiation, whereas FTO overexpression alleviated the inhibitory effects of LPS on differentiation. Furthermore, FTO promoted the expression of secreted modular calcium-binding protein 2 (SMOC2), and the knockdown of SMOC2 in hSCAPs partially attenuated the promotion of odontoblastic differentiation mediated by FTO overexpression under LPS-induced inflammation. This study revealed that FTO positively regulates the odontoblastic differentiation ability of hSCAPs by promoting SMOC2 expression. Furthermore, LPS-induced inflammation compromises the odontoblastic differentiation of hSCAPs by downregulating FTO, highlighting the promising role of FTO in regulating hSCAPs differentiation under the inflammatory microenvironment.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Osteogênese , Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Inflamação/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética
2.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 48(5): 511-520, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567813

RESUMO

The diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas (SPN) can be challenging due to potential confusion with other pancreatic neoplasms, particularly pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), using current pathological diagnostic markers. We conducted a comprehensive analysis of bulk RNA sequencing data from SPNs, NETs, and normal pancreas, followed by experimental validation. This analysis revealed an increased accumulation of peroxisomes in SPNs. Moreover, we observed significant upregulation of the peroxisome marker ABCD1 in both primary and metastatic SPN samples compared with normal pancreas and NETs. To further investigate the potential utility of ABCD1 as a diagnostic marker for SPN via immunohistochemistry staining, we conducted verification in a large-scale patient cohort with pancreatic tumors, including 127 SPN (111 primary, 16 metastatic samples), 108 NET (98 nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, NF-NET, and 10 functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, F-NET), 9 acinar cell carcinoma (ACC), 3 pancreatoblastoma (PB), 54 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), 20 pancreatic serous cystadenoma (SCA), 19 pancreatic mucinous cystadenoma (MCA), 12 pancreatic ductal intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and 5 intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) samples. Our results indicate that ABCD1 holds promise as an easily applicable diagnostic marker with exceptional efficacy (AUC=0.999, sensitivity=99.10%, specificity=100%) for differentiating SPN from NET and other pancreatic neoplasms through immunohistochemical staining.

3.
Cancer Lett ; : 216892, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621459

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide and requires effective treatment strategies. Recently, the development of a novel multiple-target tyrosine kinase inhibitor, anlotinib, has drawn increasing attention, especially it shows advantages when combined with PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. However, the mechanism by which anlotinib improves immunotherapy and remodeling of the tumor microenvironment remains unclear. In this study, we found that anlotinib combined with PD-1 blockade significantly inhibited tumor growth and reduced tumor weight in a lung cancer xenograft model compared to any single treatment. Both immunofluorescence and flow cytometry analyses revealed that anlotinib induced a CD8+ T cell dominated tumor microenvironment, which might account for its improved role in immunotherapy. Further investigations showed that CCL5-mediated CD8+ T cell recruitment plays a critical role in anlotinib and PD-1 blockade strategies. The depletion of CD8+ T cells abrogated this process. In conclusion, our findings showed that the combination of anlotinib and PD-1 blockade produced promising effects in the treatment of lung cancer, and that the induction of CCL5-mediced CD8+ T cell recruitment by anlotinib provided a novel mechanism of action.

4.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 167, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589400

RESUMO

The neurotoxic α-synuclein (α-syn) oligomers play an important role in the occurrence and development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but the factors affecting α-syn generation and neurotoxicity remain unclear. We here first found that thrombomodulin (TM) significantly decreased in the plasma of PD patients and brains of A53T α-syn mice, and the increased TM in primary neurons reduced α-syn generation by inhibiting transcription factor p-c-jun production through Erk1/2 signaling pathway. Moreover, TM decreased α-syn neurotoxicity by reducing the levels of oxidative stress and inhibiting PAR1-p53-Bax signaling pathway. In contrast, TM downregulation increased the expression and neurotoxicity of α-syn in primary neurons. When TM plasmids were specifically delivered to neurons in the brains of A53T α-syn mice by adeno-associated virus (AAV), TM significantly reduced α-syn expression and deposition, and ameliorated the neuronal apoptosis, oxidative stress, gliosis and motor deficits in the mouse models, whereas TM knockdown exacerbated these neuropathology and motor dysfunction. Our present findings demonstrate that TM plays a neuroprotective role in PD pathology and symptoms, and it could be a novel therapeutic target in efforts to combat PD. Schematic representation of signaling pathways of TM involved in the expression and neurotoxicity of α-syn. A TM decreased RAGE, and resulting in the lowered production of p-Erk1/2 and p-c-Jun, and finally reduce α-syn generation. α-syn oligomers which formed from monomers increase the expression of p-p38, p53, C-caspase9, C-caspase3 and Bax, decrease the level of Bcl-2, cause mitochondrial damage and lead to oxidative stress, thus inducing neuronal apoptosis. TM can reduce intracellular oxidative stress and inhibit p53-Bax signaling by activating APC and PAR-1. B The binding of α-syn oligomers to TLR4 may induce the expression of IL-1ß, which is subsequently secreted into the extracellular space. This secreted IL-1ß then binds to its receptor, prompting p65 to translocate from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. This translocation downregulates the expression of KLF2, ultimately leading to the suppression of TM expression. By Figdraw.

5.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 15(1): 57, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hesperidin is a citrus flavonoid with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant potential. However, its protective effects on bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs) exposed to oxidative stress have not been elucidated. RESULTS: In this study, we investigated the effects of hesperidin on H2O2-induced oxidative stress in bMECs and the underlying molecular mechanism. We found that hesperidin attenuated H2O2-induced cell damage by reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, increasing catalase (CAT) activity, and improving cell proliferation and mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, hesperidin activated the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway by inducing the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and the expression of its downstream genes NQO1 and HO-1, which are antioxidant enzymes involved in ROS scavenging and cellular redox balance. The protective effects of hesperidin were blocked by the Nrf2 inhibitor ML385, indicating that they were Nrf2 dependent. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that hesperidin could protect bMECs from oxidative stress injury by activating the Nrf2 signaling pathway, suggesting that hesperidin as a natural antioxidant has positive potential as a feed additive or plant drug to promote the health benefits of bovine mammary.

6.
J Med Chem ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569135

RESUMO

BRD4 is associated with a variety of human diseases, including breast cancer. The crucial roles of amino-terminal bromodomains (BDs) of BRD4 in binding with acetylated histones to regulate oncogene expression make them promising drug targets. However, adverse events impede the development of the BD inhibitors. BRD4 adopts an extraterminal (ET) domain, which recruits proteins to drive oncogene expression. We discovered a peptide inhibitor PiET targeting the ET domain to disrupt BRD4/JMJD6 interaction, a protein complex critical in oncogene expression and breast cancer. The cell-permeable form of PiET, TAT-PiET, and PROTAC-modified TAT-PiET, TAT-PiET-PROTAC, potently inhibits the expression of BRD4/JMJD6 target genes and breast cancer cell growth. Combination therapy with TAT-PiET/TAT-PiET-PROTAC and JQ1, iJMJD6, or Fulvestrant exhibits synergistic effects. TAT-PiET or TAT-PiET-PROTAC treatment overcomes endocrine therapy resistance in ERα-positive breast cancer cells. Taken together, we demonstrated that targeting the ET domain is effective in suppressing breast cancer, providing a therapeutic avenue in the clinic.

7.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 819-832, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study on predicting the differentiation grade of colorectal cancer (CRC) based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been reported yet. Developing a non-invasive model to predict the differentiation grade of CRC is of great value. AIM: To develop and validate machine learning-based models for predicting the differentiation grade of CRC based on T2-weighted images (T2WI). METHODS: We retrospectively collected the preoperative imaging and clinical data of 315 patients with CRC who underwent surgery from March 2018 to July 2023. Patients were randomly assigned to a training cohort (n = 220) or a validation cohort (n = 95) at a 7:3 ratio. Lesions were delineated layer by layer on high-resolution T2WI. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression was applied to screen for radiomic features. Radiomics and clinical models were constructed using the multilayer perceptron (MLP) algorithm. These radiomic features and clinically relevant variables (selected based on a significance level of P < 0.05 in the training set) were used to construct radiomics-clinical models. The performance of the three models (clinical, radiomic, and radiomic-clinical model) were evaluated using the area under the curve (AUC), calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: After feature selection, eight radiomic features were retained from the initial 1781 features to construct the radiomic model. Eight different classifiers, including logistic regression, support vector machine, k-nearest neighbours, random forest, extreme trees, extreme gradient boosting, light gradient boosting machine, and MLP, were used to construct the model, with MLP demonstrating the best diagnostic performance. The AUC of the radiomic-clinical model was 0.862 (95%CI: 0.796-0.927) in the training cohort and 0.761 (95%CI: 0.635-0.887) in the validation cohort. The AUC for the radiomic model was 0.796 (95%CI: 0.723-0.869) in the training cohort and 0.735 (95%CI: 0.604-0.866) in the validation cohort. The clinical model achieved an AUC of 0.751 (95%CI: 0.661-0.842) in the training cohort and 0.676 (95%CI: 0.525-0.827) in the validation cohort. All three models demonstrated good accuracy. In the training cohort, the AUC of the radiomic-clinical model was significantly greater than that of the clinical model (P = 0.005) and the radiomic model (P = 0.016). DCA confirmed the clinical practicality of incorporating radiomic features into the diagnostic process. CONCLUSION: In this study, we successfully developed and validated a T2WI-based machine learning model as an auxiliary tool for the preoperative differentiation between well/moderately and poorly differentiated CRC. This novel approach may assist clinicians in personalizing treatment strategies for patients and improving treatment efficacy.

8.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589563

RESUMO

The associations of synaptic loss with amyloid-ß (Aß) and tau pathology measured by positron emission tomography (PET) and plasma analysis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients are unknown. Seventy-five participants, including 26 AD patients, 19 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and 30 normal controls (NCs), underwent [18F]SynVesT-1 PET/MR scans to assess synaptic density and [18F]florbetapir and [18F]MK6240 PET/CT scans to evaluate Aß plaques and tau tangles. Among them, 19 AD patients, 12 MCI patients, and 29 NCs had plasma Aß42/40 and p-tau181 levels measured by the Simoa platform. Twenty-three individuals, 6 AD patients, 4 MCI patients, and 13 NCs, underwent [18F]SynVesT-1 PET/MRI and [18F]MK6240 PET/CT scans during a one-year follow-up assessment. The associations of Aß and tau pathology with cross-sectional and longitudinal synaptic loss were investigated using Pearson correlation analyses, generalized linear models and mediation analyses. AD patients exhibited lower synaptic density than NCs and MCI patients. In the whole cohort, global Aß deposition was associated with synaptic loss in the medial (r = -0.431, p < 0.001) and lateral (r = -0.406, p < 0.001) temporal lobes. Synaptic density in almost all regions was related to the corresponding regional tau tangles independent of global Aß deposition in the whole cohort and stratified groups. Synaptic density in the medial and lateral temporal lobes was correlated with plasma Aß42/40 (r = 0.300, p = 0.020/r = 0.289, p = 0.025) and plasma p-tau 181 (r = -0.412, p = 0.001/r = -0.529, p < 0.001) levels in the whole cohort. Mediation analyses revealed that tau tangles mediated the relationship between Aß plaques and synaptic density in the whole cohort. Baseline tau pathology was positively associated with longitudinal synaptic loss. This study suggested that tau burden is strongly linked to synaptic density independent of Aß plaques, and also can predict longitudinal synaptic loss.

9.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 38(11): e9742, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587140

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Atmospheric pressure interface multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometry (API-MRTOF-MS) has the potential to be a rapid and high-resolution analytical tool for versatile applications in chemistry, biology, environmental science, and medicine. METHODS: The ions were reflected in a mass analyzer via electrostatic mirrors and folded flight path. Therefore, flight distances were significantly increased. The ion flight path of the API-MRTOF-MS was extended from meters to over 1 km, and the mass resolution was increased. Furthermore, the mass analysis could be completed at around 10 ms due to the rapid response of TOF-MS. RESULTS: A high-resolution API-MRTOF-MS approach is successfully developed in this study. The mass resolution could achieve 116 050 (full widths at half maximum [FWHM]) for Cs+ ions using an atmospheric pressure electrospray ionization within a total TOF of only 18 ms. An ion transmission efficiency of over 50% was achieved after 600 cycles. CONCLUSIONS: The analytical performance of the newly developed API-MRTOF-MS demonstrated that it is suitable for high resolution and rapid analysis in many fields.

10.
Anal Methods ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587209

RESUMO

Sweet tea is a functional herbal tea with anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and other effects, in which phloridzin and trilobatin are two functional compounds. However, the current methods for their quantification are time-consuming, costly, and environmentally unfriendly. In this paper, we propose a rapid method that integrates online pressurized liquid extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography featuring a superficially porous column for fast separation. Moreover, we employ an equal absorption wavelength method to eliminate using multiple standard solutions and relative calibration factors. Our verification process corroborated the technique's selectivity, accuracy, precision, linearity, and detection limitations. Separately, our methodology demonstrated excellent analytical efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and environmental friendliness. Practical application using six distinct batches of sweet tea samples yielded results in congruence with the external standard method. The analytical rate of this technique is up to over 18 times faster than traditional methods, and organic solvent consumption has been reduced to less than 1.5 mL. Therefore, this method provides a valuable way to achieve quality control and green analysis of sweet tea and other herbal teas.

11.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(3): 2466-2474, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545057

RESUMO

Background: Facial anthropometry based on 3-dimensional (3D) imaging technology, or 3D photogrammetry, has gained increasing popularity among surgeons. It outperforms direct measurement and 2-dimensional (2D) photogrammetry because of many advantages. However, a main limitation of 3D photogrammetry is the time-consuming process of manual landmark localization. To address this problem, this study developed a U-NET-based deep learning algorithm to enable automated and accurate anatomical landmark detection on 3D facial models. Methods: The main structure of the algorithm stacked 2 U-NETs. In each U-NET block, we used 3×3 convolution kernel and rectified linear unit (ReLU) as activation function. A total of 200 3D images of healthy cases, acromegaly patients, and localized scleroderma patients were captured by Vectra H1 handheld 3D camera and input for algorithm training. The algorithm was tested to detect 20 landmarks on 3D images. Percentage of correct key points (PCK) and normalized mean error (NME) were used to evaluate facial landmark detection accuracy. Results: Among healthy cases, the average NME was 1.4 mm. The PCK reached 90% when the threshold was set to the clinically acceptable limit of 2 mm. The average NME was 2.8 and 2.2 mm among acromegaly patients and localized scleroderma patients, respectively. Conclusions: This study developed a deep learning algorithm for automated facial landmark detection on 3D images. The algorithm was innovatively validated in 3 different groups of participants. It achieved accurate landmark detection and improved the efficiency of 3D image analysis.

12.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1343830, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495370

RESUMO

Introduction: Flower color is one of the important ornamental traits in the plants, which plays an active role in attracting pollinators to pollinate plants and reproduce their offspring. The flower color of Impatiens uliginosa is rich, there are four main flower colors in nature: deep red, red, pink, and white. However, it remains unclear whether on four different flower colors mechanism of I. uliginosa. Methods: We investigate colorimetric measurement, observation of epidermal cells, cellular pH determination, extraction and determination of total anthocyanins and flavonoid, semi-quantitative determination of pigment components, and gene cloning and qRT-PCR of CHS genes to study four flower colors of I. uliginosa. Results: The L* and b* values were the highest in white flower, while the a* values were the highest in pink flower. The same shape of epidermal cells was observed in different flower colors, which was all irregular flat polygons, and there were partial lignification. Their cellular pH values were weakly acidic, while the pH values of the deep red flower was the highest and the white flower was the lowest. The highest pigment content of the four flower colors was total anthocyanin content. And malvidin-3-galactosidechloride (C23H25ClO12), cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C21H21O11) and delphinidin (C15H11O7) were the main pigment components affecting the color of four different flower colors. The anthocyanin synthesis gene IuCHS was expressed in four flowers, and all three copies of it had the highest expression level in pink flower and the lowest expression level in white flower. Discussion: These results revealed the influence of main internal factors on four different flower colors of I. uliginosa, and provided a basis for further understanding of the intracellular and molecular regulatory mechanisms of flower color variation, and laid a foundation for the improvement of flower color breeding of Impatiens.

13.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 15: 20406223241236258, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496233

RESUMO

Background: One-third of intractable epilepsy patients have no visually identifiable focus for neurosurgery based on imaging tests [magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-negative cases]. Stereo-electroencephalography-guided radio-frequency thermocoagulation (SEEG-guided RF-TC) is utilized in the clinical treatment of epilepsy to lower the incidence of complications post-open surgery. Objective: This study aimed to identify prognostic factors and long-term seizure outcomes in SEEG-guided RF-TC for patients with MRI-negative epilepsy. Design: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study. Methods: We included 30 patients who had undergone SEEG-guided RF-TC at Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, from April 2015 to December 2019. The probability of remaining seizure-free and the plotted survival curves were analyzed. Prognostic factors were analyzed using log-rank tests in univariate analysis and the Cox regression model in multivariate analysis. Results: With a mean time of 31.07 ± 2.64 months (median 30.00, interquartile range: 18.00-40.00 months), 11 out of 30 patients (36.7%) were classified as International League Against Epilepsy class 1 in the last follow-up. The mean time of remaining seizure-free was 21.33 ± 4.55 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 12.41-30.25], and the median time was 3.00 ± 0.54 months (95% CI 1.94-4.06). Despite falling in the initial year, the probability of remaining seizure-free gradually stabilizes in the subsequent years. The patients were more likely to obtain seizure freedom when the epileptogenic zone was located in the insular lobe or with one focus on the limbic system (p = 0.034, hazard ratio 5.019, 95% CI 1.125-22.387). Conclusion: Our findings may be applied to guide individualized surgical interventions and help clinicians make better decisions.

14.
Opt Lett ; 49(6): 1611, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489463

RESUMO

This publisher's note contains a correction to Opt. Lett.49, 674 (2024)10.1364/OL.509981.

15.
J Hypertens ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We undertook time-stratified analyses of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the US to assess time trends (1999-2020) in the associations of blood lead (BL) with blood pressure, mortality, the BL-associated population attributable fraction (PAF). METHODS: Vital status of participants, 20-79 years old at enrolment, was ascertained via the National Death Index. Regressions, mediation analyses and PAF were multivariable adjusted and standardized to 2020 US Census data. RESULTS: In time-stratified analyses, BL decreased from 1.76 µg/dl in 1999-2004 to 0.93 µg/dl in 2017-2020, while the proportion of individuals with BL < 1 µg/dl increased from 19.2% to 63.0%. Total mortality was unrelated to BL (hazard ratio (HR) for a fourfold BL increment: 1.05 [95% confidence interval, CI: 0.93-1.17]). The HR for cardiovascular death was 1.44 (1.01-2.07) in the 1999-2000 cycle, but lost significance thereafter. BL was directly related to cardiovascular mortality, whereas the indirect BL pathway via BP was not significant. Low socioeconomic status (SES) was directly related to BL and cardiovascular mortality, but the indirect SES pathway via BL lost significance in 2007-2010. From 1999-2004 to 2017-2020, cardiovascular PAF decreased (P < 0.001) from 7.80% (0.17-14.4%) to 2.50% (0.05-4.68%) and number of lead-attributable cardiovascular deaths from 53 878 (1167-99 253) to 7539 (160-14 108). CONCLUSION: Due to implementation of strict environmental policies, lead exposure is no longer associated with total mortality, and the mildly increased cardiovascular mortality is not associated with blood lead via blood pressure in the United States.

16.
Transl Androl Urol ; 13(2): 209-217, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481870

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is increasing worldwide. Hemodialysis (HD) is the mainstay of renal replacement therapy for patients with ESKD. Risk factors associated with late arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure in HD patients are poorly investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify factors associated with late AVF failure in HD patients. Methods: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent forearm or upper arm AVF angioplasty at Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between September 2009 and August 2018 were included. Patients were followed up for 36 months. Baseline characteristics were collected using electronic medical records (EMRs). Variables associated with late AVF failure were identified using Cox proportional hazards models. Results: There were 137 patients (64% male, 36% female) included in this study, with 50 (36.5%) experiencing AVF failure. Univariable log-rank analysis showed that age, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), albumin (ALB), and AVF patency rate were significantly different between patients who did and did not experience AVF failure. Cox regression analysis showed that CRP [P=0.002, hazard ratio (HR) =2.719, 95% confidence interval (CI) for HR: 1.432-5.164], ESR (P=0.030, HR =2.431, 95% CI: 1.088-5.434), iPTH (P=0.013, HR =0.325, 95% CI: 0.133-0.793), and ALB (P=0.040, HR =0.539, 95% CI: 0.299-0.972) were independently associated with AVF failure. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the cumulative patency rates of AVF at 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months were 84%, 74%, 69%, 64%, 64%, and 64%, respectively. Conclusions: CRP, ESR, iPTH, and ALB were associated with AVF failure and should be used as reference in clinical practice.

17.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502413

RESUMO

Reactive astrocytes play an important role in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we aimed to investigate the temporospatial relationships among monoamine oxidase-B, tau and amyloid-ß (Aß), translocator protein, and glucose metabolism by using multitracer imaging in AD transgenic mouse models. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with [18F]SMBT-1 (monoamine oxidase-B), [18F]florbetapir (Aß), [18F]PM-PBB3 (tau), [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), and [18F]DPA-714 (translocator protein) was carried out in 5- and 10-month-old APP/PS1, 11-month-old 3×Tg mice, and aged-matched wild-type mice. The brain regional referenced standard uptake value (SUVR) was computed with the cerebellum as the reference region. Immunofluorescence staining was performed on mouse brain tissue slices. [18F]SMBT-1 and [18F]florbetapir SUVRs were greater in the cortex and hippocampus of 10-month-old APP/PS1 mice than in those of 5-month-old APP/PS1 mice and wild-type mice. No significant difference in the regional [18F]FDG or [18F]DPA-714 SUVRs was observed in the brains of 5- or 10-month-old APP/PS1 mice or wild-type mice. No significant difference in the SUVRs of any tracer was observed between 11-month-old 3×Tg mice and age-matched wild-type mice. A positive correlation between the SUVRs of [18F]florbetapir and [18F]DPA-714 in the cortex and hippocampus was observed among the transgenic mice. Immunostaining validated the distribution of MAO-B and limited Aß and tau pathology in 11-month-old 3×Tg mice; and Aß deposits in brain tissue from 10-month-old APP/PS1 mice. In summary, these findings provide in vivo evidence that an increase in astrocyte [18F]SMBT-1 accompanies Aß accumulation in APP/PS1 models of AD amyloidosis.

18.
ACS Omega ; 9(9): 10937-10944, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463286

RESUMO

In this paper, a digital microfluidic thermal control system was introduced for the stable polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The system consists of a thermoelectric cooler unit, a thermal control board, and graphical-user-interface software capable of simultaneously achieving temperature control and on-chip droplet observation. A fuzzy proportional-integral-derivative (PID) method was developed for this system. The simulation analysis was performed to evaluate the temperature of different reagents within the chip. Based on the results, applying fuzzy PID control for PCR will enhance the thermal stability by 67.8% and save the time by 1195 s, demonstrating excellent dynamic response capability and thermal robustness. The experimental results are consistent with the simulation results on the planar temperature distribution, with a data consistency rate of over 99%. The PCR validation was carried out on this system, successfully amplifying the rat GAPDH gene at a concentration of 193 copies/µL. This work has the potential to be useful in numerous existing lab-on-a-chip applications.

20.
Accid Anal Prev ; 200: 107555, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531282

RESUMO

Developing vehicle finite element (FE) models that match real accident-involved vehicles is challenging. This is related to the intricate variety of geometric features and components. The current study proposes a novel method to efficiently and accurately generate case-specific buck models for car-to-pedestrian simulations. To achieve this, we implemented the vehicle side-view images to detect the horizontal position and roundness of two wheels to rectify distortions and deviations and then extracted the mid-section profiles for comparative calculations against baseline vehicle models to obtain the transformation matrices. Based on the generic buck model which consists of six key components and corresponding matrices, the case-specific buck model was generated semi-automatically based on the transformation metrics. Utilizing this image-based method, a total of 12 vehicle models representing four vehicle categories including family car (FCR), Roadster (RDS), small Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV), and large SUV were generated for car-to-pedestrian collision FE simulations in this study. The pedestrian head trajectories, total contact forces, head injury criterion (HIC), and brain injury criterion (BrIC) were analyzed comparatively. We found that, even within the same vehicle category and initial conditions, the variation in wrap around distance (WAD) spans 84-165 mm, in HIC ranges from 98 to 336, and in BrIC fluctuates between 1.25 and 1.46. These findings highlight the significant influence of vehicle frontal shape and underscore the necessity of using case-specific vehicle models in crash simulations. The proposed method provides a new approach for further vehicle structure optimization aiming at reducing pedestrian head injury and increasing traffic safety.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais , Pedestres , Humanos , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Veículos Automotores , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/prevenção & controle , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Caminhada/lesões
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