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1.
Trials ; 21(1): 149, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this trial is to investigate the effects of protective lung ventilation on regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) during dura opening, that is from Ta (after dura opening) to Tb (before dura closing), in patients undergoing intracranial tumor surgery. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial which will be carried out at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. Fifty-four patients undergoing intracranial tumor surgery will be randomly allocated to the control group (C group) or the protective lung ventilation group (P group). In the C group, the tidal volume (VT) will be set at 8 ml/kg of predicted body weight, but positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and recruitment maneuvers will not be used. In the P group, VT will be set at 6 ml/kg of predicted body weight combined with individualized PEEP during dura opening, while in other periods of general anesthesia, VT will be set at 8 ml/kg of predicted body weight. The level of rSO2, partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide, oxygenation index, lactic acid level in arterial blood, and mean arterial pressure will be compared before anesthesia (T0), before dura opening (T1), after dura closing (T2), and 24 h after surgery (T3). Lung ultrasound scores will be measured at T0 and T3. The degree of brain relaxation at T1 and T2 will be evaluated by the surgeon using the brain relaxation scale. The amount of vasoactive drugs used and blood loss will be recorded during surgery. The duration of operation and reoperation rate will be recorded. The primary outcome of this study is the changes in rSO2 within 24 h postoperatively. DISCUSSION: This study aims to determine whether protective lung ventilation during dura opening can improve rSO2 and the state of pulmonary ventilation in patients undergoing intracranial tumor surgery, and to investigate whether this strategy affects the degree of brain tissue swelling and the reoperation rate after operation. If our results are positive, this study will show that protective lung ventilation during dura opening can be used effectively and safely in neurosurgical patients undergoing craniotomy for tumor resection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1900025632. Registered on 3 September 2019. chictr.org.cn.

2.
Med Hypotheses ; 138: 109607, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035285

RESUMO

Hyperprolactinemia is a common but neglected adverse effect of antipsychotic agents. Current treatments for antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia exert their action mainly through the mechanism of enhancing the inhibitory effect of dopamine on prolactin secretion; however, patients have to endure the risk of psychotic relapse or exacerbation. Topiramate, a new anticonvulsant, is widely used in the treatment of numerous psychiatric conditions. It can antagonize α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) and kainate (KA) glutamate receptors and enhance the inhibitory activity of γ-amino butyric acid (GABA). Inhibition of AMPA and KA receptors and increased GABA activity has been proved to have an inhibitory effect on prolactin release. Thus, topiramate may be an effective agent in the treatment of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048984

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain 5.0403-2T, was isolated from a cave soil sample collected from Tiandong Cave, Guizhou Province, south-west PR China. Cells showed positive oxidase and catalase reactions. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), iso-C17 : 0 3OH and summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1 ω9c or C16 : 0 10-methyl). The cellular polar lipids contained phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, three unidentified phosphoglycolipids and four unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 36.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 5.0403-2T should be assigned to the genus Sphingobacterium. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity analysis showed that strain 5.0403-2T was most similar to Sphingobacterium bovisgrunnientis KCTC 52685T (98.7 %), Sphingobacterium composti KCTC 12578T (98.0 %) and Sphingobacterium alimentarium DSM 22362T (97.3 %) and less than 95.0 % similar to other species of the genus Sphingobacterium. The average nucleotide identity values between strain 5.0403-2T and S. bovisgrunnientis KCTC 52685T, S. composti KCTC 12578T and S. alimentarium DSM 22362T were 94.2, 82.3 and 77.2 % respectively. The digitalDNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 5.0403-2T and S. bovisgrunnientis KCTC 52685T, S. composti KCTC 12578T and S. alimentarium DSM 22362T were 68.4, 25.6 and 20.7 %. These results indicated that the isolate represented a novel genomic species. The polyphasic taxonomic characteristics indicated that strain 5.0304-2T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium cavernae sp. nov. (type strain 5.0403-2T=KCTC 62981T=CCTCC AB 2019257T) is proposed.

4.
World J Surg ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coagulation and inflammation play important roles in tumor progression. This study aimed to explore the prognostic impact of combined analysis of fibrinogen and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR) ratio (F-NLR score) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) receiving preoperative chemoradiotherapy (pCRT) and radical surgery. METHOD: Totally 317 patients were included. X-tile analysis was used to determine the optimal cutoff values of preoperative fibrinogen and NLR. F-NLR scores were defined as 2 (both high fibrinogen and NLR), 1 (one of these abnormalities), or 0 (neither abnormality). Time-dependent ROC analysis was used to evaluate the predictive accuracy of fibrinogen, NLR, and F-NLR score. Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate the prognostic impact of the F-NLR score. A predictive nomogram for disease-free survival (DFS) was developed and validated internally. RESULTS: One hundred and seventeen (36.9%), 156 (49.2%), and 44 (13.9%) patients had F-NLR score of 0, 1, and 2, respectively. Higher F-NLR score was associated with poorly differentiated tumors, deeper tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, and more advanced pTNM stage (all P < 0.05). The 5-year OS rates in the F-NLR 0, 1, and 2 groups were 93.6%, 87.3%, and 68.4%, respectively (P < 0.001), while the 5-year DFS rates were 91.8%, 76.8%, and 56.1%, respectively (P < 0.001). Cox regression analysis demonstrated that F-NLR score (F-NLR 1, HR = 2.021, P = 0.046; F-NLR 2, HR = 3.356, P = 0.002), pTNM stage III (HR = 3.109, P = 0.009), and circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement (HR = 3.120, P = 0.021) were independently associated with DFS. A nomogram for DFS was developed (C-index 0.708). CONCLUSION: F-NLR score is a promising predictor for disease recurrence in LARC patients after pCRT.

5.
J Neurol ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32025799

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nonmotor symptoms (NMSs) severely affect the daily quality of life of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Although many studies have documented the clinical characteristics of NMSs in PD patients, some issues remain unaddressed. The severity and gender distribution of NMSs in Asian and the Western patients differ. The correlations between clinical characteristics and NMS manifestations remain unclear. We studied these relationships in a large cohort of Taiwanese PD patients. METHODS: Patients with PD were recruited from the outpatient clinic of a tertiary medical center and evaluated with standardized assessment protocols, including the NonMotor Symptoms Scale (NMSS), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) scale, Mini-Mental Status Examination, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment. RESULTS: Among 820 patients enrolled, 41.8% were female. The prevalence of the NMSs was 96.5%, with attention/memory (79.51%) being the most frequently involved domain. The mean severity score on the NMSS was 36.48 ± 34.30. Male patients reported higher NMS prevalence and severity than female patients, mostly in the gastrointestinal tract and urinary domains. We found that the severity of NMSs was correlated with disease duration, UPDRS Part III score, and H&Y stage. CONCLUSION: Although they exhibited similar NMS prevalence, Taiwanese PD patients reported less intense NMSs compared with those reported by Western patients. Furthermore, the NMS items our patients emphasized and gender discrepancies were distinct from those in Western studies.

6.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040344

RESUMO

Aberrant expression of LYPD3 plays an oncogenic role in several types of cancer. However, the functions of LYPD3 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remain unclear. Here, we investigated the regulatory function, clinical value, and prognostic significance of LYPD3 in LUAD patients. The gene expression and DNA methylation data of LUAD tumor and paracancerous tissues were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The association between LYPD3 expression and clinicopathological variables was analyzed. The results showed that LYPD3 was highly expressed in LUAD tumor compared with paracancerous tissues, which was positively correlated with the race (p = 0.0448), tumor stage (p = 0.0191), and survival status (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the expression of LYPD3 was able to be regulated by the methylation in LYPD3 promoter region, which was positively associated with the overall survival. Furthermore, we explored the related pathways through which LYPD3 affects the pathogenesis and prognosis of LUAD by gene set enrichment analysis, and found that LYPD3 might affect the clinical manifestations of LUAD by regulating the P53 signaling pathway. In the future, we would focus on exploring the molecular mechanism of LYPD3 in the regulation of the occurrence and development of LUAD to provide a research basis for the screening of methylation markers related to the treatment and prognosis.

7.
Psychogeriatrics ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027776

RESUMO

AIM: Based on the ageing population and the inadequate healthcare system in China, the majority of care for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is provided by family caregivers. Caregivers suffer a long-term heavy care burden and pressure, which affects their physical and mental health. The present study aims at investigating health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among family caregivers of AD patients and exploring its influencing factors. METHODS: This study included 206 family caregivers (76 male, 130 female) of AD patients recruited from one Tier 3 hospital, one psychiatric hospital, two gerocomiums and three communities in Ganzhou city, Jiangxi Province, China. Measures included the World Health Organization (WHO) Quality of Life (WHO/ QOL-BREF) questionnaire, Zarit burden of care scale (ZBI), and social support rating scale (SSRS).We performed face-to-face or telephone interviews with patients and caregivers. The association between possible factors and changes in HRQOL was examined through stepwise multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: The majority of family caregivers felt moderate to severe level of burden. The average HRQOL score was 54.24 ± 10.36. The mean SSRS score was 30.4 ± 10.9. The average ZBI score was 41.2 ± 12.8. The HRQOL of family caregivers of AD patients was negatively correlated with the neuropsychiatric questionnaire score, ZBI score, and chronic diseases of caregivers (P < 0.05), and positively correlated with the SSRS score (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Reduced QOL was highly prevalent among AD patient family caregivers, and the level of burden, neuropsychiatric symptoms of patients, social support, and chronic diseases of caregivers were factors associated with HRQOL, and the effect of care burden is greatest. Interventions aimed at reducing the level of burden should focus not only on the patient but also on the caregiver.

8.
Cancer Res ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029550

RESUMO

The prognosis for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains poor despite decades of effort. The abundant extracellular matrix (ECM) in PDAC comprises a major fraction of the tumor mass and plays various roles in promoting resistance to therapies. However, non-selective depletion of ECM has led to poor patient outcomes. Consistent with that observation, we previously showed that individual matrisome proteins derived from stromal cells correlate with either long or short patient survival. In marked contrast, those derived from cancer cells correlate strongly with poor survival. Here we studied three cancer-cell-derived matrisome proteins that are significantly overrepresented during PDAC progression; AGRN (agrin), SERPINB5 (serine protease inhibitor B5), and CSTB (cystatin B). Using both overexpression and knockdown experiments, we demonstrate that all three are promoters of PDAC metastasis. Furthermore, these proteins operate at different metastatic steps. AGRN promoted EMT in primary tumors, whereas SERPINB5 and CSTB enhanced late steps in the metastatic cascade by elevating invadopodia formation and in vivo extravasation. All three genes were associated with a poor prognosis in human patients and high levels of SERPINB5, secreted by cancer cells and deposited in the ECM, correlated with poor patient prognosis. This study provides strong evidence that cancer-cell-derived matrisome proteins can be causal in promoting tumorigenesis and metastasis and lead to poor patient survival. Therefore, compared with the bulk matrix, mostly made by stromal cells, precise interventions targeting cancer-cell-derived matrisome proteins, such as AGRN, SERPINB5, and CSTB, may represent preferred potential therapeutic targets.

10.
Colorectal Dis ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040248

RESUMO

AIM: Many studies have demonstrated predictors of the difficulty of laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer. Few studies focus on the influence of pelvic dimensions on robotic-assisted mesorectal excision (ME) and intersphincteric resection (ISR). This study aimed to evaluate the influences of the mesorectal fat area (MFA) and mesorectal area on the difficulty of robotic sphincter-saving surgery. METHODS: We included 156 patients with middle and low rectal cancer who underwent robotic sphincter-saving surgery. Clinical and anatomical factors, including the pelvic dimensions, were collected. Linear regression was performed for variables associated with surgical duration. We also performed subgroup analyses for robotic-assisted ME and ISR. Logistic regression was used to find variables associated with transanal dissection. RESULTS: For patients with middle or low rectal cancer, the sacral length and tumour distance from the anal verge were independently associated with surgical duration. The pT stage, sacral length, and the MFA were independent predictors for the surgical duration of robotic-assisted ME. By contrast, a small mesorectal area was independently related to a longer duration of robotic-assisted ISR. The pelvic outlet length was independently associated with the use of transanal dissection for ISR. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that a large MFA could affect the difficulty of mesorectal excision in robotic-assisted ME, while a small mesorectal area could increase the surgical difficulty of robotic-assisted ISR for low rectal cancer. Besides, the pelvic outlet length was associated with the use of transanal dissection. Further studies are needed to validate the results and draw more scientific conclusions.

11.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the change of the pre- and postoperative systemic inflammatory response (SIR) levels will affect the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) is unclear. We aimed to investigate the dynamic changes in the pre- and postoperative SIR and their prognostic value for GC. METHODS: The clinicopathological data from 2257 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy between January 2009 and December 2014 at Fujian Medical University Union Hospital (FMUUH) were analyzed. Perioperative SIR changes were reported as changes in the lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII). RESULTS: The SIR levels showed different trends from postoperative months 1 to 12. Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative (pre)-LMR was an independent predictor for the prognosis (P = 0.024). The postoperative 12-month (post-12-month) LMR predicted the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate with the highest accuracy (areas under the curve [AUC] 0.717). Patients were divided into four groups according to the optimal cutoff of the preoperative and post-12-month LMR: high pre-LMR to high postoperative (post)-LMR group, high pre-LMR to low post-LMR group, low pre-LMR to high post-LMR group, and low pre-LMR to low post-LMR group. The survival analysis showed 5-year OS rate was significantly higher in patients with high post-12-month LMR than in patients with low post-12-month LMR, regardless of pre-LMR levels (81.6% vs. 44.2%, P < 0.001). The prognostic accuracy was significantly improved by incorporating the post-12-month LMR in the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system (P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The remeasurement of LMR at post-12-month is helpful in predicting the long-term survival of GC.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2093, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034163

RESUMO

In the RV144 trial, vaccine-induced V1V2 IgG correlated with decreased HIV-1 risk. We investigated circulating antibody specificities in two phase 1 poxvirus prime-protein boost clinical trials conducted in South Africa: HVTN 097 (subtype B/E) and HVTN 100 (subtype C). With cross-subtype peptide microarrays and multiplex binding assays, we probed the magnitude and breadth of circulating antibody responses to linear variable loop 2 (V2) and conformational V1V2 specificities. Antibodies targeting the linear V2 epitope, a correlate of decreased HIV-1 risk in RV144, were elicited up to 100% and 61% in HVTN 097 and HVTN 100, respectively. Despite higher magnitude of envelope-specific responses in HVTN 100 compared to HVTN 097 (p's < 0.001), the magnitude and positivity for V2 linear epitope and V1V2 proteins were significantly lower in HVTN 100 compared to HVTN 097. Meanwhile, responses to other major linear epitopes including the variable 3 (V3) and constant 5 (C5) epitopes were higher in HVTN 100 compared to HVTN 097. Our data reveal substantial differences in the circulating antibody specificities induced by vaccination in these two canarypox prime-protein boost trials. Our findings suggest that the choice of viral sequences in prime-boost vaccine regimens, and potentially adjuvants and immunogen dose, influence the elicitation of V2-specific antibodies.

13.
Lab Med ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess whether serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is associated with a risk of cardiovascular (CV) events in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. METHODS: One hundred sixty-nine patients with CKD were followed for a mean of 36 months (range, 5-39 months). Serum RBP4 and other laboratory indicators were measured at baseline. The relationship between RBP4 and the risk of CV events was evaluated by using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients with higher serum RBP4 levels had a higher rate of CV events and a higher mortality in a univariate analysis (P < 0.001). The multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that RBP4 (hazard ratio, 2.259; 95% confidence interval, 2.067-5.489; P = 0.002) is an independent prognostic factor for CV events in patients with CKD. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with RBP4 above the median value (>33.86 mg/L) had a higher rate of CV events than did patients with RBP4 at or below the median value (≤33.86 mg/L; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: RBP4 levels are associated with CV events in patients with CKD. Elevated serum RBP4 levels may indicate an increased risk of CV complications in CKD patients.

14.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 230: 118076, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982654

RESUMO

The host-guest inclusion complexes that comprise an inverted cucurbit[7]uril (iQ[7]) and a quinoline derivative, 4-(4-dimethylaminostyryl) quinoline (DSQ) at different pHs were exploited as multiple supramolecular sensors to sense l-α-amino acids. DSQ complexation inside iQ[7] at different pHs leads to increased fluorescence and formation of different-colored iQ[7]-DSQ complexes. The enhanced fluorescence of DSQ after iQ[7] encapsulation may be attributed to limited dimethylamine rotation and the formation of a twisted internal charge transfer (TICT) state. The DSQ@iQ[7] sensors have different affinities for l-α-amino acids at different pHs. Therefore, we propose a pH-stimulus response supramolecular sensor for the discrimination of structurally similar l-α-amino acids in aqueous solution.

15.
Can Respir J ; 2020: 5146765, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998425

RESUMO

Background: The pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is beneficial for COPD patients. Due to the poor rate of adherence, we evaluate the factors which will predict the nonadherence of PR. Method: We analyzed the data from a retrospective study of COPD patients who were enrolled to attend the PR program. Patients were classified as the adherence group and the nonadherence group according to completion of over 50% sessions during the 8-week PR program. Demographic characteristics, 6-minute walking distance (6MWD), COPD assessment test (CAT), modified Medical Research Council scale (mMRC), and emotional function were compared between two groups. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to determine the factors of poor adherence of PR. Results: Among 418 patients, 170 patients (40.7%) who completed less than 50% sessions of the PR program were categorized as "nonadherence." Compared to completers, "nonadherence" patients had more cigarette consumption, higher emotional score, less 6MWD, more exacerbation, using nebulizer frequently, and higher rate of smoking at enrollment. On multivariate analysis, more exacerbation frequency (odds ratio (OR) = 1.434, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.191∼1.796, P=0.046) and smoking at enrollment (OR = 3.349, 95% CI: 1.194∼6.302, P=0.012) were predict factors associated with nonadherence of PR. Conclusion: COPD patients with frequent exacerbation and smoking currently were more likely to be nonadherence during PR.

16.
Gene ; 731: 144364, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935511

RESUMO

Apolipoprotein C2 (ApoC2) is an important member of the apolipoprotein C family and functions as a major activator of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). In cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems, the lipolytic activity of the LPL-ApoC2 complex is critical for the metabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and contributes to the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). However, the regulation of ApoC2 in IS development remains unclear. In this study, we first explored potential ApoC2-targeting microRNAs (miRNAs) by bioinformatics tool and compared the miRNA expression profiles in the blood cells of 25 IS patients and 25 control subjects by miRNA microarray. miR-1275 was predicted to bind with the 3' untranslated region of ApoC2, and a significant reduction of blood miR-1275 levels was observed in IS patients. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and quantitative RT-PCR confirmed the regulation of ApoC2 by miR-1275 in THP-1 derived macrophages. miR-1275 also inhibited cellular uptake of ox-LDL and suppressed formation of macrophage foam cell. Furthermore, the whole blood miR-1275 levels were validated in 279 IS patients and 279 control subjects by TaqMan assay. miR-1275 levels were significantly lower in IS cases and logistic regression analysis showed that miR-1275 level was negatively associated with the occurrence of IS (adjusted OR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.69-0.85; p < 0.001). Addition of miR-1275 to traditional risk factors showed an additive prediction value for IS. Our study shows that blood miR-1275 levels were negatively associated with the occurrence of IS, and miR-1275 might exert an athero-protective role against the development of IS by targeting ApoC2 and blocking the formation of macrophage foam cells.

17.
Aquat Toxicol ; 220: 105417, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958710

RESUMO

Pyraclostrobin is a fungicide used widely across the world. However, its photolysis pathway and toxic mechanism is unclear. In this study, photolysis and photo-induced toxicity of pyraclostrobin to Vibrio fischeri were determined. The results showed that direct photolysis dominated the degradation of pyraclostrobin. Gas Chromatography-Mass spectrometry and quantum chemical calculation revealed that the pyraclostrobin was firstly photo-degraded into Methyl N-phenyl-carbamate and 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-hydroxy-1H-pyrzole, synthetic intermediates of pyraclostrobin, then into aniline, benzoquinone and acids. Toxicity assay showed that bioluminescent inhibition rate to V. fischeri fluctuated with radiation/illumination time and the toxicity curve can be classified into three phases (Phase I: 0-10 min, incline; Phase II: 10-60 min, decline; Phase III: 60-120 min, incline). The up-and-down curve indicates the change of parent compound during the photolysis. Simulation of molecular docking showed that the CDOCKER interaction energy of pyraclostrobin (-44.71) lower than other intermediate products (>-30.00), indicating that the parent compound is more toxic than its intermediates. An increased toxicity observed in the toxicity curve was attributed to the generation of benzoquinone with log1/EC50 of 6.73, which can greatly change structure of target luciferase in Vibrio fischeri. In addition, the addition of radical scavengers can inhibit the bioluminescence of the tested solutions, indicating the involvement of radicals in the transformation of intermediates. This paper reveals that one of photochemical transformation products of pyraclostrobin can cause more toxic than its parent compound to bacteria. Environmental risk assessment should consider not only the parent compound, but also its metabolites.

18.
Mol Plant ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953223

RESUMO

Plant and non-plant species possess cryptochrome (CRY) photoreceptors to mediate blue light regulation of development or the circadian clock. The blue light-dependent homooligomerization of Arabidopsis CRY2 is a known early photoreaction necessary for its functions, but the photobiochemistry and function of light-dependent homooligomerization and heterooligomerization of cryptochromes, collectively referred to as CRY photooligomerization, have not been well established. Here, we show that photooligomerization is an evolutionarily conserved photoreaction characteristic of CRY photoreceptors in plants and some non-plant species. Our analyses of the kinetics of the forward and reverse reactions of photooligomerization of Arabidopsis CRY1 and CRY2 provide a previously unrecognized mechanism underlying the different photosensitivity and photoreactivity of these two closely related photoreceptors. We found that photooligomerization is necessary but not sufficient for the functions of CRY2, implying that CRY photooligomerization is presumably accompanied by additional function-empowering conformational changes. We further demonstrated that the CRY2-CRY1 heterooligomerization plays roles in regulating functions of Arabidopsis CRYs in vivo. Taken together, these results suggest that photooligomerization is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism determining the photosensitivity and photoreactivity of plant CRYs.

19.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 21, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition should be implemented as early as possible in patients with moderate or severe acute pancreatitis. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and Deffectiveness of ultrasound-guided Freka-Trelumina tube placement for enteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Patients with severe acute pancreatitis admitted to Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University who needed Freka-Trelumina tube placement for enteral nutrition and gastrointestinal decompression were included in the current study. The relevant evaluation indicators of tube placement included the success rate of tube placement, tube placement time, tube shift rate, and blocking rate. In addition, the evaluation indicators of ultrasound-guided tube placement (from 1 January 2018 to 31 July 2019) were compared with those of previous endoscope-guided placement (from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2017) by analysing the data from the electronic medical record system. RESULTS: The success rate of ultrasound-guided tube placement was 90.7% (49/54). All 49 patients tolerated the Freka-Trelumina feeding tube. The average ultrasound-guided tube placement time for the 49 patients was 18.4 ± 12.8 min (range, 5-36 min). The Freka-Trelumina feeding tube had a shift rate of 10.2% (5/49). The blocking rate of the Freka-Trelumina feeding tube was 12.2% (6/49). The success rate of tube placement, tube shift rate and blocking rate for endoscope-guided tube placement were 100% (62/62), 11.3% (7/62), and 12.9% (8/62), respectively. The average endoscope-guided tube placement time for the 62 patients was 16.5 ± 5.7 min (range, 12-31 min). The comparison between the ultrasound-guided group and the endoscope-guided group showed that the success rate of tube placement, tube placement time, tube shift rate and blocking rate were similar. CONCLUSION: The ultrasound-guided method can be done non-invasively at the bedside, which is safe and convenient, and the Freka-Trelumina feeding tube can be placed in time to achieve the goal of early enteral nutrition and gastrointestinal decompression.

20.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950404

RESUMO

Mapping the relation between cortical convolution and structural/functional brain architectures could provide deep insights into the mechanisms of brain development, evolution and diseases. In our previous studies, we found a unique gyral folding pattern, termed a 3-hinge, which was defined as the conjunction of three gyral crests. The uniqueness of the 3-hinge was evidenced by its thicker cortex and stronger fiber connections than other gyral regions. However, the role that 3-hinges play in cortico-cortical connective architecture remains unclear. To this end, we conducted MRI studies by constructing structural cortico-cortical connective networks based on a fine-granular cortical parcellation, the parcels of which were automatically labeled as 3-hinge, 2-hinge (ordinary gyrus) or sulcus. On human brains, 3-hinges possess significantly higher degrees, strengths and betweennesses than 2-hinges, suggesting that 3-hinges could serve more like hubs in the cortico-cortical connective network. This hypothesis gains supports from human functional network analyses, in which 3-hinges are involved in more global functional networks than ordinary gyri. In addition, 3-hinges could serve as 'connector' hubs rather than 'provincial' hubs and they account for a dominant proportion of nodes in the high-level 'backbone' of the network. These structural results are reproduced on chimpanzee and macaque brains, while the roles of 3-hinges as hubs become more pronounced in higher order primates. Our new findings could provide a new window to the relation between cortical convolution, anatomical connection and brain function.

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