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Nurs Ethics ; : 9697330231225393, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414219


BACKGROUND: Caring behaviour is critical for nursing quality, and the clinical internship environment is a crucial setting for preparing nursing students for caring behaviours. Evidence about how to develop nursing students' caring behaviour in the clinical environment is still emerging. However, the mechanism between the clinical internship environment and caring behaviour remains unclear, especially the mediating role of moral sensitivity and the moderating effect of self-efficacy. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the mediating effect of moral sensitivity and the moderating function of self-efficacy on the association between the clinical internship environment and caring behaviours. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional design used acceptable validity scales. The hypothesised moderated mediation model was tested in the SPSS PROCESS macro. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: This survey collected data from 504 nursing students in an internship at a teaching hospital in Changsha, China. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: This study was pre-approved by the ethics committee of the medical school (No. E2022210). Informed consent was obtained from all students. RESULTS: The clinical internship environment (B = 0.450, 95% CI = [0.371, 0.530]) and moral sensitivity (B = 1.352, 95% CI = [1.090, 1.615]) had positive direct effects on nursing students' caring behaviours. Clinical internship environment also indirectly influenced students' caring behaviours via moral sensitivity (B = 0.161, 95% CI = [0.115, 0.206]). In addition, self-efficacy played a moderating role between the clinical internship environment and caring behaviours (B = 0.019, 95% CI = [0.007, 0.031]), as well as the relationship between the clinical internship environment and moral sensitivity (B = 0.006, 95% CI = [0.003, 0.010]). CONCLUSION: Moral sensitivity mediates the effect of the clinical internship environment on caring behaviour, and self-efficacy strengthens both direct and indirect effects. This study emphasises the importance of self-efficacy in developing moral sensitivity and caring behaviours in nursing students.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 12: e48716, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38180783


BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation management can effectively prevent complications in patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement (CVR). The emergence of eHealth tools provides new prospects for the management of long-term anticoagulants. However, there is no comprehensive summary of the application of eHealth tools in anticoagulation management after CVR. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to clarify the current state, trends, benefits, and challenges of using eHealth tools in the anticoagulation management of patients after CVR and provide future directions and recommendations for development in this field. METHODS: This scoping review follows the 5-step framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley. We searched 5 databases such as PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Embase using keywords such as "eHealth," "anticoagulation," and "valve replacement." We included papers on the practical application of eHealth tools and excluded papers describing the underlying mechanisms for developing eHealth tools. The search time ranged from the database inception to March 1, 2023. The study findings were reported according to the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews). Additionally, VOSviewer (version 1.6.18) was used to construct visualization maps of countries, institutions, authors, and keywords to investigate the internal relations of included literature and to explore research hotspots and frontiers. RESULTS: This study included 25 studies that fulfilled the criteria. There were 27,050 participants in total, with the sample size of the included studies ranging from 49 to 13,219. The eHealth tools mainly include computer-based support systems, electronic health records, telemedicine platforms, and mobile apps. Compared to traditional anticoagulation management, eHealth tools can improve time in therapeutic range and life satisfaction. However, there is no significant impact observed in terms of economic benefits and anticoagulation-related complications. Bibliometric analysis suggests the potential for increased collaboration and opportunities among countries and academic institutions. Italy had the widest cooperative relationships. Machine learning and artificial intelligence are the popular research directions in anticoagulation management. CONCLUSIONS: eHealth tools exhibit promise for clinical applications in anticoagulation management after CVR, with the potential to enhance postoperative rehabilitation. Further high-quality research is needed to explore the economic benefits of eHealth tools in long-term anticoagulant therapy and the potential to reduce the occurrence of adverse events.

Inteligência Artificial , Bibliometria , Humanos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Sistemas Computacionais , Valvas Cardíacas
Sci Total Environ ; 883: 163543, 2023 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37094674


Bioaerosols in ambient environment can be evaluated using various techniques. However, the results of bioaerosols obtained using different methods are rarely compared. The relationships between different bioaerosol indicators and their behaviors under the influence of environment factors are seldom investigated. Here we used airborne microbial numbers, proteins and saccharides concentrations as the indicators to characterize bioaerosols in two seasons with different source contribution, air pollution situation and meteorological conditions. The observation was conducted at a suburban site in Guangzhou, southern China, during the winter and spring periods of 2021. Airborne microbes were observed with an average of (1.82 ± 1.33) × 106 cells/m3, converted to the mass concentration level of 0.42 ± 0.30 µg/m3, comparable but lower than that of proteins (0.81 ± 0.48 µg/m3). Both of them were much higher than the average concentration of saccharides (19.93 ± 11.53 ng/m3). During the winter period, significant and good correlations were observed between the three components. In spring, a biological outbreak was observed in late March with a strong elevation of airborne microbes followed by elevations of proteins and saccharides. The retardation of proteins and saccharides could be the result of the enhanced release from microorganisms under the influence of atmospheric oxidation processes. Saccharides in PM2.5 were studied to reveal the contribution of specific sources of bioaerosols (e.g. fungi, pollen, plants and soil). Our results show that primary emissions and secondary processes should play their roles in the variations of these biological components. By comparing the results of the three methods, this study provides an insight into the applicability and variability of bioaerosol characterization in the ambient environment with respect to various influences of sources, atmospheric processes and environmental conditions.

Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Material Particulado/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Aerossóis/análise , Estações do Ano , Carboidratos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Microbiologia do Ar
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 16: 3371-3382, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573227


Background: Oral anticoagulant is a necessary long-term treatment after mechanical valve replacement (MVR), and medication adherence has a great impact on patients with MVR. Although family caregiver burden is negatively correlated with medication adherence, little is known about the underlying mechanism. Purpose: To test whether family caregiver burden influences medication adherence through post-traumatic growth or medication literacy in patients with MVR. Patients and Methods: A total of 206 patients after MVR were included in this cross-sectional study from July 2021 to December 2021. Data regarding medication adherence, family caregiver burden, post-traumatic growth, and medication literacy were collected by questionnaires. Data were analyzed through SPSS, and pathway analysis was conducted by using AMOS, based on the bootstrapping method. Results: Post-traumatic growth was positively associated with medication adherence (r = 0.284, P < 0.05). Post-traumatic growth independently mediated the association of family caregiver burden on medication adherence [ß = 0.32, 95% confidence intervals: (-0.016, -0.008)]. The mediated effect value for post-traumatic growth was 0.07, accounting for 24.14% of the total effect. The model's fit indices were adequate. Conclusion: The mediating effect of post-traumatic growth between family caregiver burden and medication adherence existed in patients with MVR. Interventions considering post-traumatic growth may be useful to increase medication adherence and improve patient rehabilitation.