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Front Psychol ; 14: 1253179, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38022932


Introduction: Despite the propagation of virtual mental health services for vulnerable groups during COVID-19 pandemic, the implementation and evaluation of remote evidence-based practices (EBP) to manage them in low- and middle-income countries remains scarce. In the current study, we describe and evaluate the implementation process and clinical impact of brief, remote, manualized EBP for crisis intervention and suicide risk management among healthcare workers attending patients with COVID-19 (COVID-19-HCWs) in Mexico. Methods: The implementation process comprised community engagement of volunteer mental health specialists, creation of new clinical teams with different disciplines and skills, intervention systematization through manuals and education through 4-h remote training as main strategies. Mexican COVID-19-HCWs who had used a free 24-h helpline rated their pre- and post-intervention emotional distress. Therapists recorded patients' pre-intervention diagnosis, severity, and suicide risk, the techniques used in each case, and their post-treatment perception of COVID-19-HCWs' improvement at the end of the intervention. Results: All techniques included in the intervention manual were employed at least in one case (n = 51). At the beginning of the intervention, 65.9% of the COVID-19-HCWs were considered moderately ill or worse according to Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) scores, whereas at the end, 79.4% of them were perceived as much or very much improved according to CGI-Improvement scores (CGI-I), and their emotional distress had been significantly reduced (p < 0.001). Discussion: This prospective study provides evidence that implementation of remote EBP is feasible and useful to reduce emotional distress and suicide risk among COVID-19-HCWs from a middle-income country. However, this study was limited by lack of a control group, improvement ratings provided by therapists and non-anonymous satisfaction ratings.

Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35010679


COVID-19 frontline healthcare workers (FHCW) are struggling to cope with challenges that threaten their wellbeing. We examine the frequency and predictors of the most frequent mental health problems (MHP) among FHCW during the first COVID-19 peak in Mexico, one of the most severely affected countries in terms of FHCW's COVID-19 mortality. A cross-sectional survey was conducted between May 8 and August 18, 2020. A total of 47.5% of the sample (n = 2218) were FHCW. The most frequent MHP were insomnia, depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and health anxiety/somatization (whole sample: 45.7, 37.4, 33.9, and 21.3%; FHCW: 52.4, 43.4, 40.3 and 26.1, respectively). As compared to during the initial COVID-19 phase, depression and health anxiety/somatization symptoms as well as experiences of grieving due to COVID-19, personal COVID-19 status, and having relatives and close friends with COVID-19 were more frequent during the COVID-19 peak. Obesity, domestic violence, personal COVID-19 status, and grieving because of COVID-19 were included in regression models for main FHCW's MHP during the COVID-19 peak. In conclusion, measures to decrease other country-level epidemics contributing to the likelihood of COVID-19 complications (obesity) and MHP (domestic violence) as well as FHCW´s probability of COVID-19 infection could safeguard not only their physical but also mental health.

COVID-19 , Epidemias , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , México/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
ASAIO J ; 64(3): 375-381, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28777135


The objective of this study was to analyze hematologic disorders, coagulation disorders, and transfusion requirements in children with continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT). This is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database of children receiving CRRT between 2010 and 2015. Patient characteristics, CRRT parameters, hematologic and coagulation parameters, and need for transfusions were recorded and analyzed. We compared patients after heart surgery and noncardiac patients, those requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and those without ECMO, and patients with different anticoagulation therapies: heparin and citrate. Eighty-seven patients were included (69% after heart surgery). Thirty-four percentage of patients required ECMO. Hematologic alterations throughout the therapy included a descent in hematocrit from 33.6% to 30.3% (p = 0.002) and in platelet count from 159.291 to 101.163 (p < 0.001). Coagulation parameters improved as international normalized ratio decreased from 1.5 to 1.2 (p < 0.001), fibrinogen increased from 328 to 437 mg/dl (p = 0.04), and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was normalized. There were no significant differences in hematologic parameters or need for blood products between patients after heart surgery and the rest of patients, or between patients receiving heparin or citrate for anticoagulation. Ninety percentage of patients received blood products, but patients on ECMO and those who deceased required more transfusions than the rest of the patients (p < 0.01). We conclude that children undergoing CRRT show a descent in hematocrit and platelet count and require large amounts of blood products, especially those ECMO and patients who died.

Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Transfusão de Sangue , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
Univ. psychol ; 13(3): 1027-1036, jul.-set. 2014. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-745679


La instigación social intensifica la conducta agresiva permitiendo observar niveles más extremos de agresión. Estudios recientes indican que el receptor metabotrópico del glutamato mGlu1 está implicado en la regulación de la conducta agresiva en un modelo de agresión inducida por aislamiento. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar los efectos de la administración de un antagonista del receptor mGlu1 (JNJ16259685) sobre la conducta agresiva normal e intensificada, utilizando instigación social en un modelo animal de agresión inducida por aislamiento. Varios grupos de animales aislados fueron expuestos a 5 minutos de instigación social, recibiendo la mitad de ellos JNJ16259685 (0.5 mg/kg, ip) o vehículo. Las interacciones agonísticas de 10 min de duración se realizaron en un área neutral 30 min después de la inyección. Dichos encuentros fueron grabados en vídeo para el posterior análisis etológico de diez categorías conductuales. La instigación redujo la latencia de ataque y aumentó la frecuencia y duración de los ataques frente a los animales no instigados. La administración de JNJ16259685 redujo de forma significativa la conducta agresiva en ambos casos, sugiriendo la implicación del receptor mGlu1 en la modulación de la agresión normal e intensificada.

Social instigation intensifies aggressive behavior in rodents allowing observe more extreme levels of aggression. Recent studies indicate that glutamate metabotropic receptor 1 (mGlu1) are involved in the regulation of aggressive behavior in isolation-induced aggression model. The object of this work was to examine social instigation in an animal model of isolation-induced aggression and assess the anti-aggressive effects of an mGlu1 receptor antagonist (JNJ16259685) on normal and heightened aggressive behavior. Several groups of individually housed mice were exposed to 5 minutes of social instigation, and half of them received an acute administration ofJNJ16259685 (0.5 mg/kg, ip) or vehicle. Ten minute of dyadic interactions were staged between a singly housed and an anosmic mouse in a neutral area 30 min after drug or vehicle administration. The encounters were videotaped for subsequent analysis of ten ethological behavioural categories. Social instigation reduced latency of attack and increased the frequency and duration of attacks against not instigated animals. JNJ16259685 administration significantly reduced aggressive behavior in both cases, suggesting the involvement of mGlu1 receptor in the modulation of normal and heightened aggression.

Ácido Glutâmico , Agressão