Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 427
Filtrar
1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132333, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754686

RESUMO

The fabrication of scaffolds capable of the sustained release of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to promote angiogenesis in long time remains a challenge in tissue engineering. Here, we report a facile approach for effectively fabricating a bioactive scaffold that gradually releases VEGF to promote angiogenesis. The scaffold was fabricated by coating polydopamine (PDA) on a konjac glucomannan (KGM) scaffold, followed by the surface immobilization of VEGF with PDA. The resulting VEGF-PDA/KGM scaffold, with a porous and interconnected microstructure (392 µm pore size with 84.80 porosity), combined the features of long-term biodegradability (10 weeks with 51 % degradation rate), excellent biocompatibility, and sustained VEGF release for up to 21 days. The bioactive VEGF-PDA/KGM scaffold exhibited multiple angiogenic activities over time, as confirmed by in vivo and in vitro experiments. For example, the scaffold significantly promoted the attachment and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and the formation of vascular tubes in vitro. Moreover, the in vivo results demonstrated the formation and maturation of blood vessels after subcutaneous implantation in rats for four weeks. This promising strategy is a feasible approach for producing bioactive materials that can induce angiogenesis in vivo. These findings provide a new avenue for designing and fabricating biocompatible and long-term biodegradable scaffolds for sustained VEGF release to facilitate angiogenesis.

2.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (cPN) is a necrotizing arteritis of medium-sized vessels limited to the skin. Because of its rarity and the diversity of its clinical manifestations, there is no consensus treatment. Moreover, there are no established indicators that predict disease severity or its outcome. OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinico-laboratory features that predict patients requiring systemic therapy, including corticosteroids, to control the disease activity. METHODS: Thirty-six cPN patients who had not received systemic corticosteroids at the initial visit were retrospectively analysed by correlating the treatment and its response with clinico-laboratory findings. RESULTS: The major medications administered were antiplatelet agents (63.9%), vasodilators (38.9%), and prednisolone (PSL) (36.1%). In all, 23 cases achieved remission without PSL; 5 were managed with compression therapy alone or even observation; 18 received antiplatelet monotherapy or combined with vasodilator/dapsone; 13 required PSL; 10 achieved remission with PSL monotherapy or PSL and single/multiple medications and 3 with PSL and multiple drugs failed to achieve remission and underwent limb amputation. There were more skin ulcers and an elevated peripheral white blood cell (WBC) count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) before corticosteroid induction in patients requiring PSL. Three cases with treatment failure had a markedly elevated ESR (>50). CONCLUSIONS: More than half of cPN can achieve remission without corticosteroids; an elevated WBC and the presence of skin ulcers predict the need for PSL; a high ESR before corticosteroid induction predicts treatment resistance, even with PSL.

3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4062, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750035

RESUMO

The stratum corneum is the outermost skin layer with a vital role in skin barrier function. It is comprised of dead keratinocytes (corneocytes) and is known to maintain its thickness by shedding cells, although, the precise mechanisms that safeguard stratum corneum maturation and homeostasis remain unclear. Previous ex vivo studies have suggested a neutral-to-acidic pH gradient in the stratum corneum. Here, we use intravital pH imaging at single-corneocyte resolution to demonstrate that corneocytes actually undergo differentiation to develop three distinct zones in the stratum corneum, each with a distinct pH value. We identified a moderately acidic lower, an acidic middle, and a pH-neutral upper layer in the stratum corneum, with tight junctions playing a key role in their development. The upper pH neutral zone can adjust its pH according to the external environment and has a neutral pH under steady-state conditions owing to the influence of skin microbiota. The middle acidic pH zone provides a defensive barrier against pathogens. With mathematical modeling, we demonstrate the controlled protease activation of kallikrein-related peptidases on the stratum corneum surface that results in proper corneocyte shedding in desquamation. This work adds crucial information to our understanding of how stratum corneum homeostasis is maintained.


Assuntos
Epiderme , Homeostase , Queratinócitos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Animais , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Epiderme/metabolismo , Pele/metabolismo , Camundongos , Humanos , Diferenciação Celular , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Masculino , Feminino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
4.
Skin Health Dis ; 4(2): e336, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577036

RESUMO

Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder affecting the palms and soles. In rare cases, severe patients develop acute extra-palmoplantar lesions often accompanied by arthralgia. Such cases with extensive symptoms often necessitate systemic treatments with variable efficacy and potential side effects. Apremilast, known for its broad immune response modulation, presents promise as a therapeutic option for severe PPP with joint and extra-palmoplantar lesions. This case highlights apremilast as a potential systemic treatment for such cases with minimal side effects.

5.
Sci Adv ; 10(15): eadk9460, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598623

RESUMO

All-solution-processed organic optoelectronic devices can enable the large-scale manufacture of ultrathin wearable electronics with integrated diverse functions. However, the complex multilayer-stacking device structure of organic optoelectronics poses challenges for scalable production. Here, we establish all-solution processes to fabricate a wearable, self-powered photoplethysmogram (PPG) sensor. We achieve comparable performance and improved stability compared to complex reference devices with evaporated electrodes by using a trilayer device structure applicable to organic photovoltaics, photodetectors, and light-emitting diodes. The PPG sensor array based on all-solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes and photodetectors can be fabricated on a large-area ultrathin substrate to achieve long storage stability. We integrate it with a large-area, all-solution-processed organic solar module to realize a self-powered health monitoring system. We fabricate high-throughput wearable electronic devices with complex functions on large-area ultrathin substrates based on organic optoelectronics. Our findings can advance the high-throughput manufacture of ultrathin electronic devices integrating complex functions.

6.
Am J Hum Genet ; 111(5): 896-912, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653249

RESUMO

Porokeratosis is a clonal keratinization disorder characterized by solitary, linearly arranged, or generally distributed multiple skin lesions. Previous studies showed that genetic alterations in MVK, PMVK, MVD, or FDPS-genes in the mevalonate pathway-cause hereditary porokeratosis, with skin lesions harboring germline and lesion-specific somatic variants on opposite alleles. Here, we identified non-hereditary porokeratosis associated with epigenetic silencing of FDFT1, another gene in the mevalonate pathway. Skin lesions of the generalized form had germline and lesion-specific somatic variants on opposite alleles in FDFT1, representing FDFT1-associated hereditary porokeratosis identified in this study. Conversely, lesions of the solitary or linearly arranged localized form had somatic bi-allelic promoter hypermethylation or mono-allelic promoter hypermethylation with somatic genetic alterations on opposite alleles in FDFT1, indicating non-hereditary porokeratosis. FDFT1 localization was uniformly diminished within the lesions, and lesion-derived keratinocytes showed cholesterol dependence for cell growth and altered expression of genes related to cell-cycle and epidermal development, confirming that lesions form by clonal expansion of FDFT1-deficient keratinocytes. In some individuals with the localized form, gene-specific promoter hypermethylation of FDFT1 was detected in morphologically normal epidermis adjacent to methylation-related lesions but not distal to these lesions, suggesting that asymptomatic somatic epigenetic mosaicism of FDFT1 predisposes certain skin areas to the disease. Finally, consistent with its genetic etiology, topical statin treatment ameliorated lesions in FDFT1-deficient porokeratosis. In conclusion, we identified bi-allelic genetic and/or epigenetic alterations of FDFT1 as a cause of porokeratosis and shed light on the pathogenesis of skin mosaicism involving clonal expansion of epigenetically altered cells.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Queratinócitos , Mosaicismo , Poroceratose , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Poroceratose/genética , Poroceratose/patologia , Humanos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Masculino , Alelos , Feminino
7.
Cureus ; 16(2): e53740, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38465166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing elderly population is a major health concern worldwide, requiring various at-home care services. The aim of home-visit rehabilitation therapy is to support at-home living of the elderly and to promote their participation in social activities. There is a paucity of data about the clinical conditions of this population that can contribute to the achievement of goals in-home visit rehabilitation therapy. AIM: This study aimed to clarify clinical variables that could be related to the achievement of goals in-home visit rehabilitation therapy. METHODS: We collected retrospective clinical data of the older adults who underwent home-visit rehabilitation therapy between July 2006 and June 2021. We searched the clinical variables of home-visit rehabilitation therapy users and their frequency of utilization of home-visit rehabilitation therapy services from the clinical record. The initial and final clinical variables evaluated in this study included the abilities of daily living, degree of being bedridden, dementia rating, and levels of support or long-term care. Those variables were evaluated by rehabilitation therapists and doctors. The users were divided into three groups according to the reason for terminating rehabilitation therapy: goal achievement (achieved group), aggravation of underlying disease (aggravated group), and treatment suspension because of their own/others' wish (suspended group). The clinical parameters concerning the rehabilitation program, care level, and activities of daily living were evaluated among the groups. The clinical parameters concerning the rehabilitation program, care level, and activities of daily living were statistically evaluated among those three groups, using the chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: In the achieved, aggravated, and suspended groups, 45, 190, and 38 users were respectively enrolled. The aggravated group showed significantly higher final care level (p = 0.002), degree of being bedridden (p=0.001), and dementia rating (p = 0.017) and significantly lower Barthel index scores (p < 0.001) and Frenchay Activities Index scores (p = 0.001) than the achieved group. Persons requesting the therapy were significantly older adults themselves in the achieved group (p = 0.018). The therapy was significantly performed more than once per week in the achieved group (p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Older adults undergoing self-motivated home-visit rehabilitation therapy more than once per week may contribute to the achievement of the goal.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 2): 130568, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447822

RESUMO

Polysaccharide based self-healing and injectable hydrogels with reversible characteristics have widespread potential in protein drug delivery. However, it is a challenge to design the dynamic hydrogel for sequential release of protein drugs. Herein, we developed a novel mussel inspired sequential protein delivery dynamic polysaccharide hydrogel. The nanocomposite hydrogel can be fabricated through doping polydopamine nanoparticles (PDA NPs) into reversible covalent bond (imine bonds) crosslinked polymer networks of oxidized hyaluronic acid (OHA) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CEC), named PDA NPs@OHA-l-CEC. Besides multiple capabilities (i.e., injection, self-healing, and biodegradability), the nanocomposite hydrogel can achieve sustained and sequential protein delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). PDA NPs doped in hydrogel matrix serve dual roles, acting as secondary protein release structures and form dynamic non-covalent interactions (i.e., hydrogen bonds) with polysaccharides. Moreover, by adjusting the oxidation degree of OHA, the hydrogels with different crosslinking density could control overall protein release rate. Analysis of different release kinetic models revealed that Fickian diffusion drove rapid VEGF release, while the slower BSA release followed a Super Case II transport mechanism. The novel biocompatible system achieved sequential release of protein drugs has potentials in multi-stage synergistic drug deliver based on dynamic hydrogel.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Nanogéis , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Hidrogéis/química , Quitosana/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Soroalbumina Bovina
9.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(12): 3006-3014, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451210

RESUMO

Inorganic biomaterials are used in various orthopedic and dental implants. Nevertheless, they cause clinical issues such as loosening of implants and patient morbidity. Therefore, inspired by mussel adhesive proteins, we aimed to design an adhesive and dimer-forming highly active bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) using bioorthogonal chemistry, in which recombinant DNA technology was combined with enzymatic modifications, to achieve long-term osseointegration with titanium. The prepared BMP-2 exhibited substantially higher binding activity than wild-type BMP-2, while the adhered BMP-2 was more active than soluble BMP-2. Therefore, the adhesive BMP-2 was immobilized onto titanium wires and screws and implanted into rat bones, and long-term osteogenesis was evaluated. Adhesive BMP-2 promoted the mechanical binding of titanium to bones, enabling efficient bone regeneration and effective stabilization of implants. Thus, such adhesive biosignaling proteins can be used in regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Titânio , Ratos , Animais , Humanos , Titânio/farmacologia , Próteses e Implantes , Osteogênese , Osseointegração
10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 330: 121812, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368083

RESUMO

Biomacromolecules based injectable and self-healing hydrogels possessing high mechanical properties have widespread potential in biomedical field. However, dynamic features are usually inversely proportional to toughness. It is challenging to simultaneously endow these properties to the dynamic hydrogels. Here, we fabricated an injectable nanocomposite hydrogel (CS-NPs@OSA-l-Gtn) stimultaneously possessing excellent autonomous self-healing performance and high mechanical strength by doping chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) into dynamic polymer networks of oxidized sodium alginate (OSA) and gelatin (Gtn) in the presence of borax. The synergistic effect of the multiple reversible interactions combining dynamic covalent bonds (i.e., imine bond and borate ester bond) and noncovalent interactions (i.e., electrostatic interaction and hydrogen bond) provide effective energy dissipation to endure high fatigue resistance and cyclic loading. The dynamic hydrogel exhibited excellent mechanical properties like maximum 2.43 MPa compressive strength, 493.91 % fracture strain, and 89.54 kJ/m3 toughness. Moreover, the integrated hydrogel after injection and self-healing could withstand 150 successive compressive cycles. Besides, the bovine serum albumin embedded in CS-NPs could be sustainably released from the nanocomposite hydrogel for 12 days. This study proposes a novel strategy to synthesize an injectable and self-healing hydrogel combined with excellent mechanical properties for designing high-strength natural carriers with sustained protein delivery.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Quitosana , Alginatos/química , Nanogéis , Gelatina/química , Hidrogéis/química , Polímeros , Quitosana/química
11.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1871(1): 119590, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37730132

RESUMO

Glomerular podocytes are instrumental for the barrier function of the kidney, and podocyte injury contributes to proteinuria and the deterioration of renal function. Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is an established metabolic regulator, and the inactivation of this phosphatase mitigates podocyte injury. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the substrates that mediate PTP1B actions in podocytes. This study aims to uncover novel substrates of PTP1B in podocytes and validate a leading candidate. To this end, using substrate-trapping and mass spectroscopy, we identified putative substrates of this phosphatase and investigated the actin cross-linking cytoskeletal protein alpha-actinin4. PTP1B and alpha-actinin4 co-localized in murine and human glomeruli and transiently transfected E11 podocyte cells. Additionally, podocyte PTP1B deficiency in vivo and culture was associated with elevated tyrosine phosphorylation of alpha-actinin4. Conversely, reconstitution of the knockdown cells with PTP1B attenuated alpha-actinin4 tyrosine phosphorylation. We demonstrated co-association between alpha-actinin4 and the PTP1B substrate-trapping mutant, which was enhanced upon insulin stimulation and disrupted by vanadate, consistent with an enzyme-substrate interaction. Moreover, we identified alpha-actinin4 tandem tyrosine residues 486/487 as mediators of its interaction with PTP1B. Furthermore, knockdown studies in E11 cells suggest that PTP1B and alpha-actinin4 are modulators of podocyte motility. These observations indicate that PTP1B and alpha-actinin4 are likely interacting partners in a signaling node that modulates podocyte function. Targeting PTP1B and plausibly this one of its substrates may represent a new therapeutic approach for podocyte injury that warrants additional investigation.


Assuntos
Podócitos , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/genética , Células Epiteliais , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases , Tirosina
12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 651: 273-283, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37542902

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Liposomes coated with long polysarcosine (PSar) chains at a high density might enable long blood circulation and attenuate accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon. EXPERIMENTS: In this study, we controlled the length (23, 45, 68 mers) and density (5, 10, 15 mol%) of PSar on liposomal coatings and, furthermore, investigated the effects of PSar length and density on the blood circulation time, biodistribution, immune response, and ABC phenomenon induction. Length-controlled PSar-bound lipids (PSar-PEs) were synthesized using a click reaction and inserted into bare liposomes at different combinations of chain lengths and proportions. FINDINGS: Although all PSar-coated liposomes (PSar-lipos) had similar morphological, physical, and chemical properties, they had different blood circulation times and biodistribution, and exerted varied effects on the immune system. All PSar-lipos with different PSar length and density showed a similar anti-PSar IgM response. Liposomes modified with the longest PSar chain (68 mers) at a high density (15 mol%) showed the longest blood circulation time and, additionally, attenuated ABC phenomenon compared with PEG-lipo. The ex vivo analysis of the biodistribution of liposomes revealed that a thick PSar layer enhanced the blood circulation time of liposomes due to the reduction of the accumulation of liposomes in the liver and spleen. These findings provide new insights into the relationship between IgM expression and ABC phenomenon inhibition.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Polietilenoglicóis , Lipossomos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Distribuição Tecidual , Imunoglobulina M/metabolismo , Imunidade
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(71): 10644-10647, 2023 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37580993

RESUMO

A disulfide-tethered peptide-lipid conjugate self-assembled into a homogeneously distributed peptide-lipid hybrid vesicle. Upon dithiothreitol treatment, the homogeneous peptide-lipid membrane spontaneously divided into lipid-rich and peptide-rich domains, while the vesicle retained its size and shape. Membrane phase separation enhanced temperature-dependent cargo release.


Assuntos
Lipídeos , Peptídeos , Temperatura , Bicamadas Lipídicas
14.
Biomater Sci ; 11(18): 6280-6286, 2023 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37548917

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive transformable biomaterials development can be manipulated practically by fine-tuning the built-in molecular design of their structural segments. Here, we demonstrate a peptide assembly by the bola-type amphiphilic polypeptide, glycolic acid-polysarcosine (PSar)13-b-(L-Leu-Aib)6-b-PSar13-glycolic acid (S13L12S13), which shows morphological transformations between hydrophilic chain-driven and hydrophobic unit-driven morphologies. The hydrophobic α-helical unit (L-Leu-Aib)6 precisely controls packing in the hydrophobic layer of the assembly and induces tubule formation. The densified, hydrophilic PSar chain on the assembly surface becomes slightly more hydrophobic as the temperature increases above 70 °C, starting to disturb the helix-helix interaction-driven formation of tubules. As a result, the S13L12S13 peptide assembly undergoes a reversible vesicle-nanotube transformation following a time course at room temperature and a heat treatment above 80 °C. Using membrane fluidity analysis with DPH and TMA-DPH and evaluating the environment surrounding the PSar side chain with NMR, we clarify that the vesicle was in a kinetically stable state driven by the dehydrated PSar chain, while the nanotube was in a thermodynamically stable state.


Assuntos
Glicolatos , Peptídeos , Peptídeos/química , Sarcosina/química
15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(31): 16973-16977, 2023 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37427843

RESUMO

Toward renewable energy for global leveling, compounds that can store ammonia (NH3), a carbon-free energy carrier of hydrogen, will be of great value. Here, we report an organic-inorganic halide perovskite compound that can chemically store NH3 through dynamic structural transformation. Upon NH3 uptake, a chemical structure change occurs from a one-dimensional columnar structure to a two-dimensional layered structure by addition reaction. NH3 uptake is estimated to be 10.2 mmol g-1 at 1 bar and 25 °C. In addition, NH3 extraction can be performed by a condensation reaction at 50 °C under vacuum. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that reversible NH3 uptake/extraction originates from a cation/anion exchange reaction. This structural transformation shows the potential to integrate efficient uptake and extraction in a hybrid perovskite compound through chemical reaction. These findings will pave the way for further exploration of dynamic, reversible, and functionally useful compounds for chemical storage of NH3.

16.
J Mater Chem B ; 11(38): 9155-9162, 2023 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37455606

RESUMO

Fibroblasts geometrically confined by photo-immobilized gelatin micropatterns were subjected to cyclic stretch on the silicone elastomer. By using covalently micropatterned surfaces, the cell morphologies such as cell area and length were quantitatively investigated under a cyclic stretch for 20 hours. The mechanical forces did not affect the cell growth but significantly altered the cellular morphology on both non-patterned and micropatterned surfaces. It was found that cells on non-patterns showed increasing cell length and decreasing cell area under the stretch. The width of the strip micropatterns provided a different extent of contact guidance for fibroblasts. The highly extended cells on the 10 µm pattern under static conditions would perform a contraction behavior once treated by cyclic stretch. In contrast, cells with a low extension on the 2 µm pattern kept elongating according to the micropattern under the cyclic stretch. The vertical stretch induced an increase in cell area and length more than the parallel stretch in both the 10 µm and 2 µm patterns. These results provided new insights into cell behaviors under geometrical confinement in a dynamic biomechanical environment and may guide biomaterial design for tissue engineering in the future.

17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 668: 1-7, 2023 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37230045

RESUMO

The ability to monitor levels of endogenous markers and clearance profiles of drugs and their metabolites can improve the quality of biomedical research and precision with which therapies are individualized. Towards this end, electrochemical aptamer-based (EAB) sensors have been developed that support the real-time monitoring of specific analytes in vivo with clinically relevant specificity and sensitivity. A challenge associated with the in vivo deployment of EAB sensors, however, is how to manage the signal drift which, although correctable, ultimately leads to unacceptably low signal-to-noise ratios, limiting the measurement duration. Motivated by the correction of signal drift, in this paper, we have explored the use of oligoethylene glycol (OEG), a widely employed antifouling coating, to reduce the signal drift in EAB sensors. Counter to expectations, however, when challenged in 37 °C whole blood in vitro, EAB sensors employing OEG-modified self-assembled monolayers exhibit both greater drift and reduced signal gain, compared with those employ a simple, hydroxyl-terminated monolayer. On the other hand, when EAB sensor was prepared with a mix monolayer using MCH and lipoamido OEG 2 alcohol, reduced signal noise was observed compared to the same sensor prepared with MCH presumably due to improved SAM construction. These results suggest broader exploration of antifouling materials will be required to improve the signal drift of EAB sensors.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Oligonucleotídeos , Glicóis , Técnicas Eletroquímicas
18.
Anal Chem ; 95(19): 7503-7511, 2023 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37130068

RESUMO

Accurate discrimination and classification of unknown species are the basis to predict its characteristics or applications to make correct decisions. However, for biogenic solutions that are ubiquitous in nature and our daily lives, direct determination of their similarities and disparities by their molecular compositions remains a scientific challenge. Here, we explore a standard and visualizable ontology, termed "biogenic solution map", that organizes multifarious classes of biogenic solutions into a map of hierarchical structures. To build the map, a novel 4-dimensional (4D) fingerprinting method based on data-independent acquisition data sets of untargeted metabolomics is developed, enabling accurate characterization of complex biogenic solutions. A generic parameter of metabolic correlation distance, calculated based on averaged similarities between 4D fingerprints of sample groups, is able to define "species", "genus", and "family" of each solution in the map. With the help of the "biogenic solution map", species of unknown biogenic solutions can be explicitly defined. Simultaneously, intrinsic correlations and subtle variations among biogenic solutions in the map are accurately illustrated. Moreover, it is worth mentioning that samples of the same analyte but prepared by alternative protocols may have significantly different metabolic compositions and could be classified into different "genera".


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Metabolômica/métodos
19.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 11: 1169124, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37251573

RESUMO

The proper microenvironment is critical for the storage and transportation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). To mimic a dynamic 3D microenvironment as it exists in vivo and consider "off-the-shelf" availability reaching the destination, we proposed an alternative approach that allows for facile storage and transportation of stem cells in the form of ESCs-dynamic hydrogel construct (CDHC) under ambient conditions. To form CDHC, mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) were in-situ encapsulated within a polysaccharide-based dynamic and self-biodegradable hydrogel. After storing CDHC in a sterile and hermetic environment for 3 days and then transferring to a sealed vessel with fresh medium for another 3 days, the large and compact colonies retained a 90% survival rate and pluripotency. Furthermore, after transporting and arriving at the destination, the encapsulated stem cell could be automatically released from the self-biodegradable hydrogel. After continuous cultivation of 15 generations of retrieved cells, automatically released from the CDHC, the mESCs underwent 3D encapsulation, storage, transportation, release, and continuous long-term subculture; resumed colony forming capacity and pluripotency were revealed by stem cell markers both in protein and mRNA levels. We believe that the dynamic and self-biodegradable hydrogel provides a simple, cost-effective, and valuable tool for storing and transporting "ready-to-use" CDHC under ambient conditions, facilitating "off-the-shelf" availability and widespread applications.

20.
J Mater Chem B ; 11(21): 4619-4660, 2023 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37199698

RESUMO

Tannins, which are natural plant polyphenols, are widely used in different fields, especially in biomedical applications due to their unique properties, including high abundance, low cost, structural diversity, protein precipitation, biocompatibility, and biodegradability. However, they fail to satisfy the requirements in some specific applications (e.g., environmental remediation) on account of their water solubility, making their separation and regeneration difficult. Inspired by the design of composite materials, tannin-immobilized composites have emerged as promising and novel materials and combine or even surpass the advantages of each of their components. This strategy can endow tannin-immobilized composites with efficient manufacturing properties, high strength, good stability, easy chelating/coordinating ability, excellent antibacterial property, biological compatibility, bioactivity, chemical/corrosion resistance, and strong adhesive performance, which significantly expand their application in various fields. In this review, initially we summarize the design strategy of tannin-immobilized composites, mainly concentrating on the choice of immobilized substrate (e.g., natural polymers, synthetic polymers, and inorganic materials) as well as the binding interaction (e.g., Mannich reaction, Schiff base reaction, graft copolymerization, oxidation coupling, electrostatic interaction, and hydrogen bonding) between them. Further, the application of tannin-immobilized composites in the biomedical (tissue engineering, wound healing, cancer therapy, and biosensors) and other (leather materials, environmental remediation, and functional food packaging) fields is highlighted. Finally, we conclude with some thoughts on the open challenges and future perspectives of tannin composites. It can be anticipated that tannin-immobilized composites will continuously draw attention from more and more researchers, and further promising applications of tannin composites will be explored.


Assuntos
Polifenóis , Taninos , Taninos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Polímeros/química , Engenharia Tecidual
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...