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1.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 143, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368325

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Acknowledging the associated risk factors may have a positive impact on reducing the incidence of ectopic pregnancy (EP). In recent years, body mass index (BMI) has been mentioned in research. However, few studies are available and controversial on the relationship between EP and BMI. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the EP women as a case group and the deliveries as a control group in the central hospital of Wuhan during 2017 ~ 2021. χ2 test of variables associated with ectopic pregnancy was performed to find differences. Univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to analyze the association of the variables of age, parity, history of induced abortion, history of ectopic pregnancy, history of spontaneous abortion, history of appendectomy surgery and BMI (< 18.5 kg/m2, 18.5 ~ 24.9 kg/m2, 25 kg/m2 ~ 29.9 kg/m2, ≥ 30 kg /m2) with EP. RESULTS: They were 659 EP and 1460 deliveries. The variables of age, parity, history of induced abortion, history of ectopic pregnancy and BMI were different significantly(P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the variables of age > 35 years old [(OR (Odds Ratio), 5.415; 95%CI (Confidence Interval), 4.006 ~ 7.320, P < 0.001], history of ectopic pregnancy (OR, 3.944; 95%CI, 2.405 ~ 6.467; P < 0.001), history of induced abortion(OR, 3.365; 95%CI, 2.724 ~ 4.158, P < 0.001) and low BMI (< 18.5 kg/m2) (OR, 1.929; 95%CI, 1.416 ~ 2.628, P < 0.001])increased the risk of EP. CONCLUSION: The history of ectopic pregnancy, history of induced abortion and age > 35 years old were the risk factors with EP. In addition to these traditional factors, we found low BMI (< 18.5 kg/m2) with women may increase the risk to EP.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Gravidez Ectópica , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Índice de Massa Corporal , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia , Aborto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Environ Microbiol ; 23(4): 2054-2069, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314494

RESUMO

Indole is well known as an interspecies signalling molecule to modulate bacterial physiology; however, it is not clear how the indole signal is perceived and responded to by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) in the rhizosphere. Here, we demonstrated that indole enhanced the antibiotic tolerance of Pseudomonas fluorescens 2P24, a PGPR well known for its biocontrol capacity. Proteomic analysis revealed that indole influenced the expression of multiple genes including the emhABC operon encoding a major multidrug efflux pump. The expression of emhABC was regulated by a TetR-family transcription factor EmhR, which was demonstrated to be an indole-responsive regulator. Molecular dynamics simulation showed that indole allosterically affected the distance between the two DNA-recognizing helices within the EmhR dimer, leading to diminished EmhR-DNA interaction. It was further revealed the EmhR ortholog in Pseudomonas syringae was also responsible for indole-induced antibiotic tolerance, suggesting this EmhR-dependent, indole-induced antibiotic tolerance is likely to be conserved among Pseudomonas species. Taken together, our results elucidated the molecular mechanism of indole-induced antibiotic tolerance in Pseudomonas species and had important implications on how rhizobacteria sense and respond to indole in the rhizosphere.


Assuntos
Pseudomonas fluorescens , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Indóis , Proteômica , Pseudomonas , Pseudomonas fluorescens/genética
3.
FEBS J ; 286(10): 1959-1971, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784195

RESUMO

The family of PhlG proteins catalyses the hydrolysis of carbon-carbon bonds and is widely distributed across diverse bacterial species. Two members of the PhlG family have been separately identified as 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG) hydrolase and phloretin hydrolase; however, the extent of functional divergence and catalytic substrates for most members of this family is still unknown. Here, using sequence similarity network and gene co-occurrence analysis, we categorized PhlG proteins into several subgroups and inferred that PhlG proteins from Mycobacterium abscessus (MaPhlG) are likely to be functionally equivalent to phloretin hydrolase. Indeed, we confirmed the hydrolytic activity of MaPhlG towards phloretin and its analog monoacetylphloroglucinol (MAPG), and the crystal structure of MaPhlG in complex with MAPG revealed the key residues involved in catalysis and substrate binding. Through mutagenesis and enzymatic assays, we demonstrated that H160, I162, A213 and Q266, which are substituted in 2,4-DAPG hydrolase, are essential for the activity towards phloretin. Based on the conservation of these residues, potential phloretin hydrolases were identified from Frankia, Colletotrichum tofieldiae and Magnaporthe grisea, which are rhizosphere inhabitants. These enzymes may be important for rhizosphere adaptation of the producing microbes by providing a carbon source through anaerobic degradation of flavonoids. Taken together, our results provided a framework for understanding the mechanism of functional divergence of PhlG proteins.


Assuntos
Hidrolases/química , Mycobacterium abscessus/enzimologia , Floretina/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Hidrolases/genética , Hidrolases/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Mutagênese , Floroglucinol/análogos & derivados , Floroglucinol/química , Floroglucinol/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica , Rizosfera , Especificidade por Substrato
4.
J Comput Aided Mol Des ; 31(12): 1053-1062, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29159521

RESUMO

Conformational conversion of the normal cellular prion protein, PrPC, into the misfolded isoform, PrPSc, is considered to be a central event in the development of fatal neurodegenerative diseases. Stabilization of prion protein at the normal cellular form (PrPC) with small molecules is a rational and efficient strategy for treatment of prion related diseases. However, few compounds have been identified as potent prion inhibitors by binding to the normal conformation of prion. In this work, to rational screening of inhibitors capable of stabilizing cellular form of prion protein, multiple approaches combining docking-based virtual screening, steady-state fluorescence quenching, surface plasmon resonance and thioflavin T fluorescence assay were used to discover new compounds interrupting PrPC to PrPSc conversion. Compound 3253-0207 that can bind to PrPC with micromolar affinity and inhibit prion fibrillation was identified from small molecule databases. Molecular dynamics simulation indicated that compound 3253-0207 can bind to the hotspot residues in the binding pocket composed by ß1, ß2 and α2, which are significant structure moieties in conversion from PrPC to PrPSc.


Assuntos
Príons , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Doenças Priônicas/tratamento farmacológico , Príons/antagonistas & inibidores , Príons/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
5.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 83(21)2017 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28821548

RESUMO

Certain strains of biocontrol bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens produce the secondary metabolite 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG) to antagonize soilborne phytopathogens in the rhizosphere. The gene cluster responsible for the biosynthesis of 2,4-DAPG is named phlACBDEFGH and it is still unclear how the pathway-specific regulator phlH within this gene cluster regulates the metabolism of 2,4-DAPG. Here, we found that PhlH in Pseudomonas fluorescens strain 2P24 represses the expression of the phlG gene encoding the 2,4-DAPG hydrolase by binding to a sequence motif overlapping with the -35 site recognized by σ70 factors. Through biochemical screening of PhlH ligands we identified the end product 2,4-DAPG and its biosynthetic intermediate monoacetylphloroglucinol (MAPG), which can act as signaling molecules to modulate the binding of PhlH to the target sequence and activate the expression of phlG Comparison of 2,4-DAPG production between the ΔphlH, ΔphlG, and ΔphlHG mutants confirmed that phlH and phlG impose negative feedback regulation over 2,4-DAPG biosynthesis. It was further demonstrated that the 2,4-DAPG degradation catalyzed by PhlG plays an insignificant role in 2,4-DAPG tolerance but contributes to bacterial growth advantages under carbon/nitrogen starvation conditions. Taken together, our data suggest that by monitoring and down-tuning in situ levels of 2,4-DAPG, the phlHG genes could dynamically modulate the metabolic loads attributed to 2,4-DAPG production and potentially contribute to rhizosphere adaptation.IMPORTANCE 2,4-DAPG, which is synthesized by biocontrol pseudomonad bacteria, is a broad-spectrum antibiotic against bacteria, fungi, oomycetes, and nematodes and plays an important role in suppressing soilborne plant pathogens. Although most of the genes in the 2,4-DAPG biosynthetic gene cluster (phl) have been characterized, it is still not clear how the pathway-specific regulator phlH is involved in 2,4-DAPG metabolism. This work revealed the role of PhlH in modulating 2,4-DAPG levels by controlling the expression of 2,4-DAPG hydrolase PhlG in response to 2,4-DAPG and MAPG. Since 2,4-DAPG biosynthesis imposes a metabolic burden on biocontrol pseudomonads, it is expected that the fine regulation of phlG by PhlH offers a way to dynamically modulate the metabolic loads attributed to 2,4-DAPG production.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Floroglucinol/análogos & derivados , Pseudomonas fluorescens/genética , Pseudomonas fluorescens/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Vias Biossintéticas , Hidrolases/genética , Hidrolases/metabolismo , Floroglucinol/metabolismo , Pseudomonas fluorescens/enzimologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcrição Gênica
6.
CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets ; 16(1): 23-29, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27774876

RESUMO

AIM: It is beneficial to classify brain images as healthy or pathological automatically, because 3D brain images can generate so much information which is time consuming and tedious for manual analysis. Among various 3D brain imaging techniques, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the most suitable for brain, and it is now widely applied in hospitals, because it is helpful in the four ways of diagnosis, prognosis, pre-surgical, and postsurgical procedures. There are automatic detection methods; however they suffer from low accuracy. METHOD: Therefore, we proposed a novel approach which employed 2D discrete wavelet transform (DWT), and calculated the entropies of the subbands as features. Then, a bat algorithm optimized extreme learning machine (BA-ELM) was trained to identify pathological brains from healthy controls. A 10x10-fold cross validation was performed to evaluate the out-of-sample performance. RESULT: The method achieved a sensitivity of 99.04%, a specificity of 93.89%, and an overall accuracy of 98.33% over 132 MR brain images. CONCLUSION: The experimental results suggest that the proposed approach is accurate and robust in pathological brain detection.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado de Máquina , Automação , Encéfalo/patologia , Encefalopatias/patologia , Entropia , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Ondaletas
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 307: 193-201, 2016 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26780698

RESUMO

The compound p-nitrophenol, which shows the anti-androgenic activity, can easily become anthropogenic pollutants and pose a threat to the environment and human health. Previous work indicates that the anti-androgenic mechanism of p-nitrophenol is complex and may involve several components in the AR signaling pathway, but the molecular details of how p-nitrophenol inhibits AR signaling are still not quite clear. Here, we characterized p-nitrophenol binds to the FK1 domain of an AR positive regulator FKBP51 with micromolar affinity and structural analysis of FK1 domain in complex with p-nitrophenol revealed that p-nitrophenol occupies a hydrophobic FK1 pocket that is vital for AR activity enhancement. Molecular dynamics simulation indicated that p-nitrophenol is stably bound to the FK1 pocket and the hotspot residues that involved p-nitrophenol binding are mainly hydrophobic and overlap with the AR interaction site. Furthermore, we showed that p-nitrophenol inhibits the androgen-dependent growth of human prostate cancer cells, possibly through down-regulating the expression levels of AR activated downstream genes. Taken together, our data suggests that p-nitrophenol suppresses the AR signaling pathway at least in part by blocking the interaction between AR and its positive regulator FKBP51. We believe that our findings could provide new guidelines for assessing the potential health effects of p-nitrophenol.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Nitrofenóis/toxicidade , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Disruptores Endócrinos/química , Humanos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Nitrofenóis/química , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo/química
8.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 39(6): 400-4, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21055158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the therapeutic efficacy of siRNA fragments silencing p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)), which may be a key regulator of glioma cell apoptosis and invasion. METHODS: The siRNA sequence fragments targeting p75(NTR) were designed and transferred into human glioma cell line U251. RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry method were used to explore the expression of p75(NTR) mRNA and protein. Cell adhesion assay was employed to detect cellular adhesion ability, and soft agar clone formation assay was adopted to identify oncogenicity, and a U251 glioma model was established in nude mice. The intracranial tumor volume was detected by MRI. The expression of p75(NTR), NGF and cyclin D2 were identified using immunohistochemistry. Cell apoptosis was detected by apoptosis kit in situ. RESULTS: The siRNA fragments targeting p75(NTR) were capable of decreasing mRNA and protein expression of p75(NTR) in U251 glioma cell line. Both the cellular adhesion ability and oncogenicity were weakly relevant. The p75(NTR) expression level was negatively correlated with cyclin D2 and apoptosis, and positively correlated with NGF expression. The siRNA sequence fragments targeting p75(NTR) were effective in decreasing the gross volume of tumor; prolonged the survival time of mice, and the edge of tumor was much sharper than that of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The gene silencing technique by siRNA targeting p75(NTR) is capable of decreasing tumor invasion and cell proliferation as well as inducing cell apoptosis. It is expected to be a new choice for glioma gene therapy.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Movimento Celular , Glioma , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural/genética , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Ciclina D2/metabolismo , Inativação Gênica , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo
9.
J Drug Target ; 15(2): 140-5, 2007 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17365285

RESUMO

The magnetic bovine serum albumin (BSA) microspheres (MS) were prepared by emulsification/solidification method. In this experiment, two kinds of magnetic MS, e.g. BSA MS and PEG-incorporated BSA microspheres (PMS) were prepared. The obtained MS were characterized by Malvern laser particle sizer and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The obtained MS were spherical and about 1.3 microm in size. The magnetic responsivity and in vitro release behavior of these MS were studied in detail. The in vivo distribution and targeting delivery of 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) magnetic MS after artery administration were studied in rat. The results showed that PMS could efficiently delivery 5-Fu to the targeted site compared with BSA MS without PEG MS and free drug.


Assuntos
Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Soroalbumina Bovina/agonistas , Animais , Bovinos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Magnetismo , Microesferas
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