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1.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 10(4): 2143-2150, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442336

RESUMO

Highly selective extraction of phosphopeptides is necessary before mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. Herein, zirconium phthalocyanine-modified magnetic nanoparticles were prepared through a simple method. The Fe-O groups on Fe3O4 and the zirconium ions on phthalocyanine had a strong affinity for phosphopeptides based on immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC). The enrichment platform exhibited low detection limit (0.01 fmol), high selectivity (α-/ß-casein/bovine serum albumin, 1/1/5000), good reusability (10 circles), and recovery (91.1 ± 1.1%) toward phosphopeptides. Nonfat milk, human serum, saliva, and A549 cell lysate were employed as actual samples to assess the applicability of the enrichment protocol. Metallo-phthalocyanine will be a competitive compound for designing highly efficient adsorbents and offers a new approach to phosphopeptide analysis.


Assuntos
Isoindóis , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Fosfopeptídeos , Humanos , Fosfopeptídeos/análise , Fosfopeptídeos/química , Zircônio/química , Adsorção
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tomato quality visual grading is greatly affected by the problems of smooth skin, uneven illumination and invisible defects that are difficult to identify. The realization of intelligent detection of postharvest epidermal defects is conducive to further improving the economic value of postharvest tomatoes. RESULTS: An image acquisition device that utilizes fluorescence technology has been designed to capture a dataset of tomato skin defects, encompassing categories such as rot defects, crack defects and imperceptible defects. The YOLOv5m model was improved by introducing Convolutional Block Attention Module and replacing part of the convolution kernels in the backbone network with Switchable Atrous Convolution. The results of comparison experiments and ablation experiments show that the Precision, Recall and mean Average Precision of the improved YOLOv5m model were 89.93%, 82.33% and 87.57%, which are higher than YOLOv5m, Faster R-CNN and YOLOv7, and the average detection time was reduced by 47.04 ms picture-1. CONCLUSION: The present study utilizes fluorescence imaging and an improved YOLOv5m model to detect tomato epidermal defects, resulting in better identification of imperceptible defects and detection of multiple categories of defects. This provides strong technical support for intelligent detection and quality grading of tomatoes. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.

3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(1): 37-45, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of sitagliptin on the proliferation, apoptosis, inflammation, and osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory microenvironment and its molecular mechanism. METHODS: hPDLSCs were cultured in vitro and treated with different concentrations of sitagliptin to detect cell viability and subsequently determine the experimental concentration of sitagliptin. An hPDLSCs inflammation model was established after 24 h of stimulation with 1 µg/mL LPS and divided into blank, control, low-concentration sitagliptin (0.5 µmol/L), medium-concentration sitagliptin (1 µmol/L), and high-concentration sitagliptin (2 µmol/L), high-concentrationsitagliptin+stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) pathway inhibitor (AMD3100) (2 µmol/L+10 µg/mL) groups. A cell-counting kit-8 was used to detect the proliferation activity of hPDLSCs after 24, 48, and 72 h culture. The apoptosis of hPDLSCs cultured for 72 h was detected by flow cytometry. After inducing osteogenic differentiation for 21 days, alizarin red staining was used to detect the osteogenic differentiation ability of hPDLSCs. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in hPDLSCs was determined using a kit. The levels of inflammatory factors [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, and IL-6] in the supernatant of hPDLSCs culture were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mRNA expressions of osteogenic differentiation genes [Runt-associated transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN)], SDF-1 and CXCR4 in hPDLSCs were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Western blot analysis was used to determine SDF-1 and CXCR4 protein expression in hPDLSCs. RESULTS: Compared with the blank group, the proliferative activity, number of mineralized nodules, staining intensity, ALP activity, and RUNX2, OCN, OPN mRNA, SDF-1, and CXCR4 mRNA and protein expression levels of hPDLSCs in the control group significantly decreased. The apoptosis rate and levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the proliferative activity, number of mineralized nodule, staining intensity, ALP activity, and RUNX2, OCN, OPN mRNA, SDF-1, and CXCR4 mRNA and protein expression levels of hPDLSCs in low-, medium-, and high-concentration sitagliptin groups increased. The apoptosis rate and levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 decreased (P<0.05). AMD3100 partially reversed the effect of high-concentration sitagliptin on LPS-induced hPDLSCs (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin may promote the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in LPS-induced inflammatory microenvironment by activating the SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling pathway. Furthermore, it inhibited the apoptosis and inflammatory response of hPDLSCs.


Assuntos
Benzilaminas , Ciclamos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Ligamento Periodontal , Humanos , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/farmacologia , Osteogênese , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamação/metabolismo , Células-Tronco , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas
4.
J Virol ; 98(4): e0184423, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436247

RESUMO

Porcine Mx1 is a type of interferon-induced GTPase that inhibits the replication of certain RNA viruses. However, the antiviral effects and the underlying mechanism of porcine Mx1 for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) remain unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that porcine Mx1 could significantly inhibit PRRSV replication in MARC-145 cells. By Mx1 segment analysis, it was indicated that the GTPase domain (68-341aa) was the functional area to inhibit PRRSV replication and that Mx1 interacted with the PRRSV-N protein through the GTPase domain (68-341aa) in the cytoplasm. Amino acid residues K295 and K299 in the G domain of Mx1 were the key sites for Mx1-N interaction while mutant proteins Mx1(K295A) and Mx1(K299A) still partially inhibited PRRSV replication. Furthermore, we found that the GTPase activity of Mx1 was dominant for Mx1 to inhibit PRRSV replication but was not essential for Mx1-N interaction. Finally, mechanistic studies demonstrated that the GTPase activity of Mx1 played a dominant role in inhibiting the N-Nsp9 interaction and that the interaction between Mx1 and N partially inhibited the N-Nsp9 interaction. We propose that the complete anti-PRRSV mechanism of porcine Mx1 contains a two-step process: Mx1 binds to the PRRSV-N protein and subsequently disrupts the N-Nsp9 interaction by a process requiring the GTPase activity of Mx1. Taken together, the results of our experiments describe for the first time a novel mechanism by which porcine Mx1 evolves to inhibit PRRSV replication. IMPORTANCE: Mx1 protein is a key mediator of the interferon-induced antiviral response against a wide range of viruses. How porcine Mx1 affects the replication of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and its biological function has not been studied. Here, we show that Mx1 protein inhibits PRRSV replication by interfering with N-Nsp9 interaction. Furthermore, the GTPase activity of porcine Mx1 plays a dominant role and the Mx1-N interaction plays an assistant role in this interference process. This study uncovers a novel mechanism evolved by porcine Mx1 to exert anti-PRRSV activities.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 663: 123-131, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394817

RESUMO

Polyoxometalate-based metal-organic frameworks (POMOFs) have become a promising affinity material for separation and enrichment. The analysis of protein phosphorylation represents a challenge for the development of efficient enrichment materials. Here, a novel zirconium-rich magnetic POMOF was successfully designed and prepared for the enrichment of phosphopeptides. The binding affinity of the nanomaterial partly came from Fe-O clusters in the MOF. The Lewis acid-base interactions between V-O clusters and zirconium ions in V10O28-Zr4+ and phosphate groups in phosphopeptides further strengthened the enrichment ability. The zirconium-rich magnetic POMOF was employed to capture phosphopeptides from non-fat milk, human saliva, and serum. Additionally, 748 unique phosphopeptide peaks were detected from the tryptic digests of lung cancer A549 cell proteins with a high specificity (86.9 %). POMOFs will become an active competitor for the design of protein affinity materials and will provide a new approach for phosphopeptide analysis.


Assuntos
Ânions , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Fosfopeptídeos , Polieletrólitos , Humanos , Fosfopeptídeos/análise , Zircônio , Células A549 , Proteínas , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Titânio
6.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(2): 331-338, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371256

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the consistency of two autorefractors (Tianle RM-9000 and Topcon KR-800) for school-age myopia children, and to provide a basis for largescale data analysis and comparison. METHODS: The refractive error in 909 subjects (age 4-18y) were measured using both autorefractors without cycloplegia. The data were analyzed using Fourier decomposition and the correlation coefficients, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), and Bland-Altman limits of agreement (LoA) for each parameter were calculated. RESULTS: There was a strong correlation between the spherical equivalent (SE), sphere diopter (DS), and cylinder diopter (DC) readings of the Tianle RM-9000 and those of the Topcon KR-800, with correlation coefficient values of 0.98, 0.98 and 0.83 and ICC values of 0.99, 0.99 and 0.93, respectively. However, the correlation coefficients and ICC values of J0 and J45 were unreliable (R=-0.004, -0.034; both ICC<0.10). Bland-Altman analysis revealed that SE, DS, and DC measured by the Tianle RM-9000 were significantly biased toward myopia compared with the Topcon KR-800, and the mean differences were -0.072, -0.026, -0.091 D, respectively (all P<0.01). The minimum absolute value of the difference within the 95% LoA for SE, DS, and DC was 0.63 D, 0.50 D, 0.62 D, respectively; all these values were in the clinically acceptable range. For J0 and J45, the mean differences were close to zero (P=0.43, 0.84); however, the 95% LoA were relatively wide (J0 SD: 0.53; 95%CI: -1.00, 1.10; J45 SD: 0.52; 95%CI: -1.00, 1.00). CONCLUSION: The two autorefractors are consistent with each other, as the differences in SE, DS, and DC were within the clinically acceptable range. Readers can compare the data measured by either device in different studies and use the two devices in the same study to generate a dataset that can be analyzed together. However, the J0 and J45 vectors are unreliable and should not be used to assess astigmatism.

7.
Anal Chem ; 96(9): 3979-3987, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391328

RESUMO

Photoionization (PI) is an efficient ionization source for ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) and mass spectrometry. Its hyphenation with IMS (PI-IMS) has been employed in various on-site analysis scenarios targeting a wide range of compounds. However, the signal intensity and linear dynamic range of PI-IMS at ambient pressure usually do not follow the Beer-Lambert law predictions, and the factors causing that negative deviation remain unclear. In this work, a variable pressure PI-IMS system was developed to examine the ion loss effects from factors like ion recombination and space charge by varying its working pressure from 1 to 0.1 bar. Assisted by theoretical modeling, it was found that ion recombination could contribute up to 90% of signal intensity loss for ambient pressure PI-IMS setups. Lowering the pressure and increasing the electric field in PI-IMS helped suppress the ion recombination process and thus an optimal pressure Poptimal appeared for best signal intensity, despite the decreased net ion number density and the increased space charge effect. A simplified theoretical equation taking ion recombination as the primary ion loss factor was derived to link Poptimal with analyte concentration and electric field in PI-IMS, enabling a swift optimization of the PI-IMS performance. For example, compared to ambient pressure, PI-IMS at a Poptimal of 0.4 bar provided a signal intensity increment of more than 400% for 0.716 ppmv toluene and also expanded the linear dynamic range by more than two times. Revealing factors influencing the PI-IMS response would also benefit the applications of other chemical ionization sources in IMS or mass spectrometry (MS).

8.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 195: 106723, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil elastase has been identified as a potential therapeutic target for acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome, and Sivelestat is a selective, reversible and competitive neutrophil elastase inhibitor. This study was designed to investigate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and neutrophil elastase inhibitory effects of Sivelestat in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled single- and multiple-dose escalation clinical trial was carried out. Briefly, healthy volunteers in twelve cohorts with 8 per cohort received 1.0-20.2 mg/kg/h Sivelestat or placebo in an intravenous infusion manner for two hours, and healthy volunteers in four cohorts received two hours intravenous infusion of 2.0-5.0 mg/kg/h Sivelestat or placebo with an interval of twelve hours for seven times. The safety and tolerability were evaluated and serial blood samples were collected for pharmacokinetics and neutrophil elastase inhibitory effects analysis at the specified time-point. RESULTS: A total of 128 subjects were enrolled and all participants completed the study except one. Sivelestat exhibited satisfactory safety and tolerability up to 20.2 mg/kg/h in single-dose cohorts and 5.0 mg/kg/h in multiple-dose cohorts. Even so, more attention should be paid to the safety risks when using high doses. The Cmax and AUC of Sivelestat increased in a dose dependent manner, and Tmax was similar for different dose cohorts. In multiple-dose cohorts, the plasma concentrations reached steady state 48 h after first administration and the accumulation of Cmax and AUC was not obvious. Furthermore, the Cmin_ss of 5.0 mg/kg/h dose cohort could meet the needs of clinical treatment. For some reason, the pharmacodynamics data revealed that the inhibitory effect of Sivelestat on neutrophil elastase content in healthy subjects was inconclusive. CONCLUSION: Sivelestat was safe and well tolerated with appropriate pharmacokinetic parameters, which provided support for more diverse dosing regimen in clinical application. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn identifier is CTR20210072.


Assuntos
Glicina/análogos & derivados , Elastase de Leucócito , Sulfonamidas , Humanos , Voluntários Saudáveis , Área Sob a Curva , Método Duplo-Cego , China , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
10.
ACS Omega ; 9(1): 1554-1561, 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38222631

RESUMO

Itaconic acid is an excellent hydrophilic monomer owing to the dicarboxylic group possessing strong polarity. This study reports on the preparation of a new organic-polymer monolithic column poly(itaconic acid-co-3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) (poly(IA-co-AHM)) featuring excellent hydrophilic chromatography ability and its application in pharmaceutical analysis. The monolithic column was successfully synthesized by using the monomer itaconic acid and the cross-linker AHM through an in situ copolymerization method. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were employed for the characterization of the poly(IA-co-AHM) monolithic column, and all of these demonstrated that the prepared itaconic acid-based monolithic column exhibited satisfactory permeability and a homogeneous porous structure. Owing to the carboxylic groups of itaconic acid, a cathodic electroosmotic flow (EOF) was generated on the itaconic acid-based monolithic column among the pH ranges of the mobile phase from 4.0 to 9.0. Depending on the powerful hydrophilic interactions, different kinds of polar substances, including thioureas, nucleoside drugs, sulfonamides, and polypeptides, were separated efficiently by the itaconic acid-based monoliths poly(IA-co-AHM). The separations of polar compounds were successfully realized, even at a lower level of 50% acetonitrile content on this monolithic column. The highest column efficiencies corresponding to N,N'-dimethylthiourea and idoxuridine were 102 720 and 124 267 N/m, respectively. The poly(IA-co-AHM) monolithic column displayed excellent repeatability, whose relative standard deviations (RSDs) of the retention time and peak area were both lower than 5.0%. All experimental results demonstrated that the new itaconic acid-functionalized monolithic column was greatly appropriate to separate the polar compounds under the HILIC mode.

11.
J Virol Methods ; 324: 114857, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029971

RESUMO

A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed to detect and distinguish goose parvovirus (GPV), waterfowl reovirus (WRV), and goose astrovirus (GAstV). Three pairs of primers were designed based on conserved regions in the genomic sequences of these enteric viruses and were used to specifically amplify targeted fragments of 493 bp from the viral protein 3 (VP3) gene of GPV, 300 bp from the sigma A-encoding gene of WRV, and 156 bp from the capsid protein-encoding gene of GAstV. The results showed that the primers can specifically amplify target fragments, without any cross-amplification with other viruses, indicating that the method had good specificity. A sensitivity test showed that the detection limit of the multiplex PCR method was 1 × 103 viral copies. A total of 102 field samples from Muscovy ducks with clinically suspected diseases were evaluated using the newly developed multiplex PCR method. The ratio of positive samples to total samples for GPV, WRV, and GAstV was 73.53% (75/102) for multiplex PCR and was 73.53% (75/102) for routine PCR. Seventy-five positive samples were detected by both methods, for a coincidence ratio of 100%. This multiplex PCR method can simultaneously detect GPV, WRV, and GAstV, which are associated with viral enteritis, thereby providing a specific, sensitive, efficient, and accurate new tool for clinical diagnosis and laboratory epidemiological investigations.


Assuntos
Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Vírus de RNA , Reoviridae , Animais , Patos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Infecções por Parvoviridae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/diagnóstico , Reoviridae/genética , Vírus de RNA/genética , Anticorpos Antivirais , Gansos , Parvovirus/genética
12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(9): e2305275, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38110834

RESUMO

Tumor immune escape caused by low levels of tumor immunogenicity and immune checkpoint-dependent suppression limits the immunotherapeutic effect. Herein, a "two-way regulation" epigenetic therapeutic strategy is proposed using a novel nano-regulator that inhibits tumor immune escape by upregulating expression of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) to improve immunogenicity and downregulating programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression to block programmed death-1 (PD-1)/PD-L1. To engineer the nano-regulator, the DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor zebularine (Zeb) and the bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) inhibitor JQ1 are co-loaded into the cationic liposomes with condensing the toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonist cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) via electrostatic interactions to obtain G-J/ZL. Then, asparagine-glycine-arginine (NGR) modified material carboxymethyl-chitosan (CMCS) is coated on the surface of G-J/ZL to construct CG-J/ZL. CG-J/ZL is shown to target tumor tissue and disassemble under the acidic tumor microenvironment (TME). Zeb upregulated TAAs expression to improve the immunogenicity; JQ1 inhibited PD-L1 expression to block immune checkpoint; CpG promote dendritic cell (DC) maturation and reactivated the ability of tumour-associated macrophages (TAM) to kill tumor cells. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the nano-regulator CG-J/ZL can upregulate TAAs expression to enhance T-cell infiltration and downregulate PD-L1 expression to improve the recognition of tumor cells by T-cells, representing a promising strategy to improve antitumor immune response.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1 , Evasão Tumoral , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Epigênese Genética
13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1283: 341974, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37977792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein phosphorylation has been implicated in life processes including molecular interaction, protein structure transformation, and malignant disease. An in-depth study of protein phosphorylation may provide vital information for the discovery of early biomarkers. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based techniques have become an important method for phosphopeptide identification. Nevertheless, direct detection remains challenging because of the low ionization efficiency of phosphopeptides and serious interference from non-phosphopeptides. There is a great need for an efficient enrichment strategy to analyze protein phosphorylation prior to MS analysis. RESULTS: In this study, a novel nanocomposite was prepared by introducing titanium ions into two-dimensional magnetic graphite nitride. The nanocomposite was combined with immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) and anion-exchange chromatography mechanisms for phosphoproteome research. The nanocomposite had the advantages of a large specific surface (412.9 m2 g-1), positive electricity (175.44 mV), and excellent magnetic property (35.7 emu g-1). Moreover, it presented satisfactory selectivity (α-casein:ß-casein:bovine serum albumin = 1:1:5000), a low detection limit (0.02 fmol), great recyclability (10 cycles), and high recovery (92.8%). The nanocomposite demonstrated great practicability for phosphopeptides from non-fat milk, human serum, and saliva. Further, the nanocomposite was applied to enrich phosphopeptides from a more complicated specimen, A549 cell lysate. A total of 890 phosphopeptides mapping to 564 phosphoproteins were successfully detected with nano LC-MS. SIGNIFICANCE: We successfully designed and developed an efficient analysis platform for phosphopeptides, which includes protein digestion, phosphopeptide enrichment, and MS detection. The MS-based enrichment platform was further used to analyze phosphopeptides from complicated bio-samples. This work paves the way for the design and preparation of graphite nitride-based IMAC materials for phosphoproteome analysis.


Assuntos
Grafite , Titânio , Humanos , Titânio/química , Fosfopeptídeos/análise , Grafite/química , Caseínas/química , Íons , Cromatografia de Afinidade/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Fenômenos Magnéticos
14.
Mikrochim Acta ; 190(11): 452, 2023 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37882891

RESUMO

Cerium ions immobilized magnetic graphite nitride material have been prepared using L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine as the new chelator. The resulting Fe3O4/g-C3N4-L-Ala-L-Gln-Ce4+, as an immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) sorbent, was reusable. This is due to the strong coordination interaction between L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine and cerium ions. After a series of characterizations, the magnetic nanocomposite showed high surface area, good hydrophilicity, positive electricity, and magnetic response. Fe3O4/g-C3N4-L-Ala-L-Gln-Ce4+ had high sensitivity (0.1 fmol), selectivity (α-/ß-casein/bovine serum albumin, 1:1:5000), and good recyclability (10 cycles). A total of 647 unique phosphopeptides mapped to 491 phosphoproteins were identified from A549 cell lysate by nano LC-MS analysis.


Assuntos
Cério , Grafite , Quelantes/química , Fosfopeptídeos/análise , Grafite/química , Glutamina , Caseínas/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Íons
15.
PeerJ ; 11: e15947, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37663300

RESUMO

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a severe preventable complication among ophthalmic surgical patients. The knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of nurses play a key role in effective VTE prevention. However, little is known about the KAP of ophthalmic nurses' VTE prevention. This study aimed to examine the level of KAP toward VTE prevention among Chinese ophthalmic nurses and to investigate the influencing factors of their VTE practice. Methods: A total of 610 ophthalmic nurses from 17 cities in Hunan and Zhejiang Provinces, China, participated in this study. Data was collected via the Sojump online platform from March to April 2021. A self-administered VTE questionnaire was developed to assess nurses' KAP toward VTE prevention. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of ophthalmic nurses' VTE prevention practice. Results: The scores (correct rates) of ophthalmic nurses' knowledge, attitude, and practice were 103.87 ± 20.50 (76.4%), 21.96 ± 2.72, and 48.96 ± 11.23 (81.6%), respectively. The three lowest-scored knowledge items were related to VTE complications, physical prevention, and risk assessment. The three lowest-scored attitude items were related to nurses' training, VTE risk, and patient education. The three lowest-scored practice items were related to the assessment scale, VTE assessment, and patient education. Nurses' knowledge, attitude, and practice were significantly correlated with each other. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that Hunan Province (B = 2.77, p = 0.006), general hospital (B = 2.97, p = 0.009), outpatient department (B = 3.93, p = 0.021), inpatient department (B = 2.50, p = 0.001), previous VTE prevention training (B = 3.46, p < 0.001), VTE prevention management in hospital (B = 4.93, p < 0.001), better knowledge (B = 0.04, p = 0.038), and positive attitude towards VTE prevention (B = 1.35, p < 0.001) were all significantly and positively associated with higher practice scores in VTE prevention. Conclusions: Our study provided a comprehensive understanding of the ophthalmic nurses' knowledge, attitude, and practice in VTE prevention, as well as identified specific items in each dimension for improvement. In addition, our study showed multiple factors were associated with ophthalmic nurses' practice in VTE prevention, including environmental factors, training and management, knowledge and attitudes toward VTE prevention. Our findings provide important implications and guidance for future intervention programs to improve the ophthalmic nurses' knowledge, attitude, and practice in VTE prevention.


Assuntos
Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Competência Clínica , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Gerais
16.
Parasitol Res ; 122(11): 2609-2620, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37688591

RESUMO

Trematodes can adversely impact the health and survival of wild animals. The trematode family Cyclocoelidae, which includes large digenean bird parasites, lacks molecular analysis, and reclassifications have not been supported. This study produced the first fully assembled and annotated mitochondrial genome sequence for the trematode Morishitium polonicum. The whole length of the M. polonicum (GenBank accession number: OP930879) mitogenome is 14083 bp, containing 22 transfer ribonucleic acids (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs, rrnL and rrnS), and a noncoding control section (D-loop) 13777 to 13854 bp in length. The 12 PCG areas have 3269 codons and a total length of 10053 bp, which makes up 71.38% of the mitochondrial genome's overall sequence. Most (10/12) of the PCGs that code for proteins begin with ATG, while the nad4L and nad1 genes have a GTG start codon. Phylogenetic analysis using the concatenated nucleotide sequences of 12 PCGs, and the ML tree analysis results showed that M. polonicum is more closely related to with Echinostomatidae and Fasciolidae, which indicates that the family Cyclocoelidae is more closely associated with Echinochasmidae. This study provides mtDNA information, and analysis of mitogenomic structure and evolution. Moreover, we aimed to understand the phylogenetic relationships of this fluke.


Assuntos
Echinostomatidae , Genoma Mitocondrial , Trematódeos , Animais , Filogenia , Trematódeos/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Echinostomatidae/genética , RNA Ribossômico
17.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 9(10): 5632-5638, 2023 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37694584

RESUMO

In this study, magnetic polyoxometalate-based metal-organic frameworks (Fe3O4-POMOFs) were designed and applied to the enrichment of phosphopeptides. Thanks to the abundant metal oxide and metal ion sites, the material had a strong affinity for phosphopeptides. Simultaneously, the high amount of amino and guanidyl groups provided hydrophilicity and positive charge for phosphopeptide capture. By coupling with MS detection, the established platform possessed good reusability, high sensitivity (0.01 fmol), and high selectivity (α-casein/ß-casein/bovine serum albumin = 1:1:5000). Furthermore, the method was successfully used for the detection of phosphopeptides in nonfat milk, human serum, saliva, and A549 cell lysate, showing great potential for practical application.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Fosfopeptídeos , Humanos , Fenômenos Magnéticos
18.
Front Vet Sci ; 10: 1250381, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37745207

RESUMO

Fleas represent a group of paramount medical significance, subsisting on blood and acting as vectors for an array of naturally occurring diseases. These pathogens constitute essential elements within the plague biome, exerting deleterious effects on both human and livestock health. In this study, we successfully assembled and sequenced the whole mitochondrial genome of Frontopsylla spadix and Neopsylla specialis using long-range PCR and next-generation sequencing technologies. The mitogenomes of F. spadix and N. specialis both have 37 genes with full lengths of 15,085 bp and 16,820 bp, respectively. The topology of the phylogenetic tree elucidates that species F. spadix is clustered in a branch alongside other members of the family Leptopsyllidae, whereas species N. specialis is a sister taxon to Dorcadia ioffi and Hystrichopsylla weida qinlingensis. It also suggests that Pulicidae form a monophyletic clade, Ctenopthalmidae, Hystrichopsyllidae, Vermipsyllidae form a sister group to Ceratophyllidae/Leptopsyllidae group. The mitochondrial genomes of F. spadix and N. specialis were sequenced for the first time, which will contribute to a more comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the Siphonaptera order. The foundation for subsequent systematic studies, and molecular biology of fleas was established.

19.
Front Vet Sci ; 10: 1255017, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37771942

RESUMO

Fleas (Order Siphonaptera) are common blood-feeding ectoparasites, which have important economic significance. Limited mitochondrial genome information has impeded the study of flea biology, population genetics and phylogenetics. The Ctenophthalmus quadratus and Stenischia humilis complete mt genomes are described in this study. The samples were collected from Jianchuan, Yunnan plague foci, China. The mt genomes of C. quadratus and S. humilis were 15,938 bp and 15,617 bp, respectively. The gene arrangement of mt genome was consistent with that of other fleas, which include 22 tRNA genes, 13 protein-coding genes, and two rRNA genes, with a total of 37 genes. The relationship between C. quadratus and S. humilis in fleas was inferred by phylogenetic analysis of mt genome sequence datasets. Phylogenetic analyzes showed that the C. quadratus and S. humilis belonged to different species in the same family, and were closely related to Hystrichopsylla weida qinlingensis in the same family; and revealed that the family Hystrichopsyllidae is paraphyletic, supporting the monophyly of the order Siphonaptera. This study decodes the complete mt genomes of the C. quadratus and S. humilis for the first time. The results demonstrate that the C. quadratus and S. humilis are distinct species, and fleas are monophyletic. Analysis of mt genome provides novel molecular data for further studying the phylogeny and evolution of fleas.

20.
Chemistry ; 29(71): e202302886, 2023 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37730960

RESUMO

Carbodicarbene (CDC) has become an emerging ligand in many fields due to its strong σ-donating ability.

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