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1.
Cell Chem Biol ; 31(5): 884-903, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759617

RESUMO

Inflammasomes are a central component of innate immunity and play a vital role in regulating innate immune response. Activation of inflammasomes is also indispensable for adaptive immunity, modulating the development and response of adaptive immunity. Recently, increasing studies have shown that metabolic alterations and adaptations strongly influence and regulate the differentiation and function of the immune system. In this review, we will take a holistic view of how inflammasomes bridge innate and adaptive (especially T cell) immunity and how inflammasomes crosstalk with metabolic signals during the immune responses. And, special attention will be paid to the metabolic control of inflammasome-mediated interactions between innate and adaptive immunity in disease. Understanding the metabolic regulatory functions of inflammasomes would provide new insights into future research directions in this area and may help to identify potential targets for inflammasome-associated diseases and broaden therapeutic avenues.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa , Imunidade Inata , Inflamassomos , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Animais
2.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730824

RESUMO

Selective laser melting (SLM) forms specimens that often exhibit anisotropic mechanical properties. Most existing research only explains that the mechanical properties of specimens perpendicular to the build direction are superior to those parallel to the build direction. In this paper, the mechanical properties of SLM 316L SS specimens with different surfaces and different directions are compared. Finally, it was found that the mechanical properties of specimens on Face 3 are stronger than those on Face 1 and Face 2, while the mechanical properties of specimens on Face 1 and Face 2 are similar. For specimens in different directions on the same surface, the mechanical properties of Face 1 and Face 2 exhibit clear anisotropy, while the mechanical properties of Face 3 tend to be isotropic. In this paper, the EBSD technique was used to analyze the specimens. It was found that the anisotropy of the mechanical properties of Face 1 and Face 2 are attributed to the presence of texture and columnar crystals in the sample. This paper can provide accurate and reliable material performance data for the practical application of SLM 316L SS, thereby guiding the optimization of engineering design and manufacturing processes.

3.
Open Life Sci ; 19(1): 20220864, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737104

RESUMO

The application of fertilizers and soil quality are crucial for grape fruit quality. However, the molecular data linking different fertilizer (or soil conditioner [SC]) treatments with grape fruit quality is still lacking. In this study, we investigated three soil treatments, namely inorganic fertilizer (NPK, 343.5 kg/hm2 urea [N ≥ 46%]; 166.5 kg/hm2 P2O5 [P2O5 ≥ 64%]; 318 kg/hm2 K2O [K2O ≥ 50%]), organic fertilizer (Org, 9 t/hm2 [organic matter content ≥ 35%, N + P2O5 + K2O ≥ 13%]), and SC (SC, 3 t/hm2 [humic acid ≥ 38.5%; C, 56.1%; H, 3.7%; N, 1.5%; O, 38%; S, 0.6%]), on 4-year-old Cabernet Sauvignon grapevines. Compared with the NPK- and Org-treated groups, the SC significantly improved the levels of soluble solids, tannins, anthocyanins, and total phenols in the grape berries, which are important biochemical indicators that affect wine quality. Furthermore, we conducted RNA-seq analysis on the grapevine roots from each of the three treatments and used weighted gene co-expression network analysis to identify five hub genes that were associated with the biochemical indicators of the grape berries. Furthermore, we validated the expression levels of three hub genes (ERF, JP, and SF3B) and five selected genes related to anthocyanin biosynthesis (UFGT1, UFGT2, UFGT3, GST, and AT) by using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Compared to the NPK and Org treatment groups, the SC treatment resulted in a significant increase in the transcription levels of three hub genes as well as VvUFGT1, VvUFGT3, VvGST, and VvAT. These results suggest that the SC can improve grape fruit quality by altering gene transcription patterns in grapevine roots and further influence the biochemical indices of grape fruits, particularly anthocyanin content. This study reveals that the application of SC can serve as an important measure for enhancing vineyard SC and elevating grape quality.

4.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1338908, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706601

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between stemness markers (CD44 and CD133) and clinical pathological features, and to further explore the prognostic value of co-expression of CD44 & CD133 in endometrial cancer (EC). Methods: Clinical data of stage I-III EC patients who underwent initial surgical treatment at two large tertiary medical centers from 2015 to 2020 were retrospectively collected. Cohen's kappa coefficient was used to show the consistency of the expression between CD44 and CD133. The correlation between co-expression of CD44 & CD133 and prognosis of EC patients was explored using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. Then, the prognosis models for early-stage (stage I-II) EC patients were constructed. Finally, stratified analysis was performed for EC patients in high-intermediate-risk and high-risk groups, Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare the survival differences between patients with and without adjuvant therapy in different co-expression states (low expression, mixed expression, high expression) of CD44 & CD133. Results: A total of 1168 EC patients were included in this study. The consistency of the expression between CD44 and CD133 was 70.5%, the kappa coefficient was 0.384. High expression of CD44 & CD133 was associated with early FIGO stage (P=0.017), superficial myometrial invasion (P=0.017), and negative lymphatic vessel space invasion (P=0.017). Cox regression analysis showed that the co-expression of CD44 & CD133 was significantly correlated with the prognosis of early-stage (stage I-II) patients (P=0.001 for recurrence and P=0.005 for death). Based on this, the nomogram models were successfully constructed to predict the prognosis of early-stage EC patients. Meanwhile, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with adjuvant therapy had a better overall prognosis than those without adjuvant therapy in high-intermediate-risk and high-risk groups. However, there was no statistically significant difference in survival between patients with and without adjuvant therapy in high expression of CD44 & CD133 group (P=0.681 for recurrence, P=0.621 for death). Conclusion: High expression of CD44 & CD133 was closely related to the adverse prognosis of early-stage EC patients. Meanwhile, patients with high expression of CD44 & CD133 may not be able to achieve significant survival benefits from adjuvant therapy.

5.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710063

RESUMO

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma is a distinct subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that originates from natural killer cells or cytotoxic T cells. Its diagnosis is challenging due to the rarity and lack of awareness, especially in cases where osteomyelitis of the jawbone is the initial symptom. This paper reports a case of extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma presenting primarily with oral ulcers. Through analyzing the clinical and pathological characteristics, differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis, and reasons for misdiagnosis of the disease, this study aims to provide references for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

6.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30003, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699032

RESUMO

Objective: Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is the most severe complication of carotid artery stenting (CAS) or endarterectomy (CEA). Staging treatment can effectively reduce the risk of CHS without increasing the risk of ischemic stroke. The first stage of balloon dilatation is critical for staged treatment. However, the successful criterion of the first stage balloon dilatation is still inconsistent. Method: In the current study presents a case of a 61-year-old male with bilateral internal carotid subtotal occlusion, transcranial doppler (TCD) was used to measure middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow rate on the narrow side of surgery and the results are promising. Result: Intraoperative TCD monitoring is expected to be an evaluation criterion for staged angioplasty for carotid artery stenosis. Conclusion: The approach of blood flow velocity in the brain based on intraoperative measurement of TCD during the treatment of this patient is a new idea for staging treatment in the future.

7.
Food Chem ; 452: 139524, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703742

RESUMO

Chinese wild rice (CWR) is a nutritious and healthy whole grain, worth developing. To develop and use its value, a new type of huangjiu was brewed with CWR, and the flavour characteristics, sensory quality, functional and bioactive components were evaluated. CWR (67 flavour substances) and glutinous rice (GR)-CWR huangjiu (62 flavour substances) had a better flavour than GR huangjiu (54 flavour substances), and the overall style of GR-CWR huangjiu was more skewed towards GR. The fruity, honey, caramel-like, herb and smoky aroma attributes of CWR huangjiu were higher than those of GR huangjiu (P < 0.05), while only the alcoholic was weaker (P < 0.05) due to the lower alcohol content. The huangjiu brewed using CWR had a better taste than that brewed using only GR. Furthermore, CWR huangjiu had the highest content of total dietary fiber (732.0 ± 15.2 mg/100 g), followed by GR-CWR (307.0 ± 8.5 mg/100 g), and GR (127.0 ± 2.3 mg/100 g). CWR huangjiu also had the highest total phenolic compounds (3.32 ± 0.05 mg/100 g/%vol) and total saponins (2.46 ± 0.03 mg/100 g/%vol) contents, followed by GR-CWR and GR. This study provides guidance for exploring further possibilities for CWR in the future.

8.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e080333, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772883

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a common cerebrovascular disease. Considering the risks and benefits of surgery, a significant proportion of patients with unruptured IA (UIA) choose conservative observation. Previous studies suggest that inflammation of aneurysm wall is a high-risk factor of rupture. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) acts as an anti-inflammatory agent by activating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and other pathways. Animal experiments found DMF reduces the formation and rupture of IAs. In this study, DMF will be evaluated for its ability to reduce inflammation of the aneurysm wall in high-resolution vessel wall imaging. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a multi-centre, randomised, controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Three hospitals will enrol a total of 60 patients who have UIA with enhanced wall. Participants will be assigned randomly in a 1:1 proportion, taking either 240 mg DMF or placebo orally every day for 6 months. As the main result, aneurysm wall enhancement will be measured by the signal intensity after 6 months of DMF treatment. Secondary endpoints include morphological changes of aneurysms and factors associated with inflammation. This study will provide prospective data on the reduction of UIA wall inflammation by DMF. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study has been approved by Medical Ethics Committee of the Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University (approval no: KY2022-064-02). We plan to disseminate our research findings through peer-reviewed journal publication and relevant academic conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05959759.


Assuntos
Fumarato de Dimetilo , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Humanos , Fumarato de Dimetilo/uso terapêutico , Aneurisma Intracraniano/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico
9.
Plant Mol Biol ; 114(3): 62, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771394

RESUMO

Fusarium head blight (FHB) stands out as one of the most devastating wheat diseases and leads to significantly grain yield losses and quality reductions in epidemic years. Exploring quantitative trait loci (QTL) for FHB resistance is a critical step for developing new FHB-resistant varieties. We previously constructed a genetic map of unigenes (UG-Map) according to the physical positions using a set of recombinant-inbred lines (RILs) derived from the cross of 'TN18 × LM6' (TL-RILs). Here, the number of diseased spikelets (NDS) and relative disease index (RDI) for FHB resistance were investigated under four environments using TL-RILs, which were distributed across 13 chromosomes. A number of 36 candidate genes for NDS and RDI from of 19 stable QTLs were identified. The average number of candidate genes per QTL was 1.89, with 14 (73.7%), two (10.5%), and three (15.8%) QTLs including one, two, and 3-10 candidate genes, respectively. Among the 24 candidate genes annotated in the reference genome RefSeq v1.1, the homologous genes of seven candidate genes, including TraesCS4B02G227300 for QNds/Rdi-4BL-4553, TraesCS5B02G303200, TraesCS5B02G303300, TraesCS5B02G303700, TraesCS5B02G303800 and TraesCS5B02G304000 for QNds/Rdi-5BL-9509, and TraesCS7A02G568400 for QNds/Rdi-7AL-14499, were previously reported to be related to FHB resistance in wheat, barely or Brachypodium distachyon. These genes should be closely associated with FHB resistance in wheat. In addition, the homologous genes of five genes, including TraesCS1A02G037600LC for QNds-1AS-2225, TraesCS1D02G017800 and TraesCS1D02G017900 for QNds-1DS-527, TraesCS1D02G018000 for QRdi-1DS-575, and TraesCS4B02G227400 for QNds/Rdi-4BL-4553, were involved in plant defense responses against pathogens. These genes should be likely associated with FHB resistance in wheat.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico , Resistência à Doença , Fusarium , Doenças das Plantas , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Triticum , Triticum/genética , Triticum/microbiologia , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Fusarium/fisiologia , Fusarium/patogenicidade , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Genes de Plantas , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética
10.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 163, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal perineal resection (APR) of rectal cancer, also known as Mile's procedure, is a classic procedure for the treatment of rectal cancer. Through the improvement of surgical skills and neoadjuvant therapy, the sphincter-preserving rate in rectal cancer patients has improved, even in patients with ultralow rectal cancer who underwent APR in the past. However, APR cannot be completely replaced by low anterior resection (LAR) in reality. APR still has its indications, when the tumor affects the external sphincter, etc. Good perineal exposure in APR is difficult and can seriously affect surgical safety and the long-term prognosis. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 16 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who underwent APR at Anqing Municipal Hospital from January 2022 to April 2023, including 11 males and 5 females, with an average age of 64.8 ± 10.3 years. The perineal operation was completed with the Lone-Star® retractor-assisted (LSRA) exposure method. After incising the skin and subcutaneous tissue, a Lone-Star® retractor was placed, and the incision was retracted in surrounding directions with 8 small retractors, which facilitated the freeing of deep tissues. We dynamically adjusted the retractor according to the plane to fully expose the surgical field. RESULTS: All 16 patients underwent laparoscopic-assisted APR successfully. Thirteen procedures were performed independently by a single person, and the others were completed by two persons due to intraoperative arterial hemostasis. All specimens were free of perforation and had a negative circumferential resection margin (CRM). Postoperative complications occurred in 4 patients, including urinary retention in 1 patient, pulmonary infection in 1 patient, intestinal adhesion in 1 patient and peristomal dermatitis in 1 patient, and were graded as ClavienDindo grade 3 or lower and cured. No distant metastasis or local recurrence was found for any of the patients in the postoperative follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The application of the LSRA exposure method might be helpful for perineal exposure during APR for rectal cancer, which could improve intraoperative safety and surgical efficiency, achieve one-person operation, and increase the comfort of operators.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Períneo , Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Períneo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Protectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Comput Biol Chem ; 110: 108092, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754259

RESUMO

The number of mitotic cells is an important indicator of grading invasive breast cancer. It is very challenging for pathologists to identify and count mitotic cells in pathological sections with naked eyes under the microscope. Therefore, many computational models for the automatic identification of mitotic cells based on machine learning, especially deep learning, have been proposed. However, converging to the local optimal solution is one of the main problems in model training. In this paper, we proposed a novel multilevel iterative training strategy to address the problem. To evaluate the proposed training strategy, we constructed the mitotic cell classification model with ResNet50 and trained the model with different training strategies. The results showed that the models trained with the proposed training strategy performed better than those trained with the conventional strategy in the independent test set, illustrating the effectiveness of the new training strategy. Furthermore, after training with our proposed strategy, the ResNet50 model with Adam optimizer has achieved 89.26% F1 score on the public MITOSI14 dataset, which is higher than that of the state-of-the-art methods reported in the literature.

12.
Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol ; 273: 110989, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759883

RESUMO

In this study, grass carp (33.28 ± 0.05 g) were fed three diets for 8 weeks: control (crude protein [CP] 30%, crude lipid [CL] 6%), low protein (LP; CP16%, CL6%), and low protein with high-fat (LPHF; CP16%, CL10%). The final body weight decreased in the LP and LPHF groups compared to the Control (P < 0.05). Liver triglycerides, total cholesterol, and nonesterified fatty acids were higher in the LP group than the Control, whereas these indexes in the LPHF group were higher than those in the LP group (P < 0.05). The LP group had intestinal barrier damage, while the LPHF group had a slight recovery. TNF-α, IL-8, and IL-1ß content were lower in the LP group than in the Control (P < 0.05), and even higher in the LPHF group (P < 0.05). The expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related genes Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF-6) and Glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) were higher in the LPHF group against the LP group (P < 0.05). The IL-1ß and TNF-α content negatively correlated with intestinal Actinomycetes and Mycobacterium abundance (P < 0.05). The muscle fiber diameter was smaller in both the LP and LPHF groups than the control (P < 0.05), with the LP group showing metabolites related to protein digestion and absorption, and LPHF group exhibiting metabolites related to taste transmission. The results demonstrate reducing dietary protein affects growth, causing liver lipid accumulation, reduced enteritis response, and increased muscle tightness, while increasing fat content accelerates fat accumulation and inflammation.

13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 134: 112241, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761782

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a main form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is a chronic and immune-mediated inflammatory disease. Moringin (MOR) is an isothiocyanate isolated from Moringa oleifera Lam., and has been recognized as a promising potent drug for inflammatory diseases and antibacterial infections. The present study investigated the role of moringin in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced UC mice. Mouse colitis was induced by adding DSS to the drinking water for seven consecutive days. Our experimental results showed that MOR relieves DSS-induced UC in mice by increasing body weight and colonic length, and reducing the disease activity index and histological injury. Mechanistically, MOR improves intestinal barrier function by increasing the expression of tight junction proteins (TJPs) and enhancing the secretion of mucin in DSS-induced mice. MOR inhibits inflammatory response and intestinal damage by regulating Nrf2/NF-κB signaling pathway and modulating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. Furthermore, in Nrf2 knockout (Nrf2-/-) mice, the protective effects of MOR on DSS-induced UC were abolished. Meanwhile, treatment with MOR reduced inflammation and cell damage via regulating Nrf2/NF-κB pathway in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation model of Caco-2 cells. In contrast, ML385, an Nrf2 inhibitor, might eliminate the protection provided by MOR. Notably, treatment with MOR significantly up-regulated the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), suggesting that MOR may be a potential PPAR-γ activator. In conclusion, MOR exerts protective effect in UC by improving intestinal barrier function, regulating Nrf2/NF-κB and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways, and another effect associated with the regulation of PPAR-γ expression.

14.
Phytochemistry ; 223: 114133, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710375

RESUMO

Five undescribed elesesterpenes L-U, along with nine known 3,4-seco-lupane-type triterpenoids were isolated from the leaves of Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus (Rupr. & Maxim.) S. Y. Hu. Elesesterpene L-S, and U were lupane-type triterpenoids, whereas elesesterpene T was an oleanane-type triterpenoid, probably artifact, as suggested by LC-MS analysis. Out of the nine known compounds, five were initially identified in E. sessiliflorus. Moreover, their structures were definitively determined using spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configurations of elesesterpenes L-M and sachunogenin 3-O-glucoside were clarified using X-ray crystallographic techniques. The absolute configuration of elesesterpene T was determined by measuring and calculating its ECD. In addition, all compounds were tested to examine their ability to inhibit the proliferation of HFLS-RA cells induced by TNF-α in vitro. Elesesterpene M, chiisanogenin, chiisanoside, and 3-methylisochiisanoside significantly inhibited HFLS-RA proliferation.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 589, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of different chemotherapy regimens concurrent with radiotherapy in treating locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). METHODS: Retrospective data was collected from LACC patients who were treated at our institution. These patients were categorized into three groups: the single-agent cisplatin (DDP) chemoradiotherapy group, the paclitaxel plus cisplatin (TP) chemoradiotherapy group, and the nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab-) paclitaxel combined with cisplatin (nPP) chemoradiotherapy group. The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) and the secondary endpoints were objective response rate (ORR) and incidence of adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: A total of 124 patients were enrolled (32 in the DDP group, 41 in the TP group, and 51 in the nPP group). There were differences in OS (P = 0.041, HR 0.527, 95% CI 0.314-0.884) and PFS (P = 0.003, HR 0.517, 95% CI 0.343-0.779) between the three groups. Notably, the 2-year OS rate was significantly higher in the nPP group compared to the DDP group (92.2% vs. 85.4%, P = 0.012). The 2-year PFS rates showed a marked increase in the TP group (78.0% vs. 59.4%, P = 0.048) and the nPP group (88.2% vs. 59.4%, P = 0.001) relative to the DPP group, with multiple comparisons indicating that the 2-year PFS rate was significantly superior in the nPP group versus the DDP group (88.2% vs. 59.4%, P = 0.001). Moreover, the ORR was also significantly higher in the nPP group than in the DDP group (P = 0.013); and no statistically significant differences were found in the incidence of AEs among the groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In LACC treatment, the two cisplatin-based doublet chemotherapy regimens are associated with better outcomes, with the nab-paclitaxel plus cisplatin regimen showing better efficacy than the paclitaxel plus cisplatin regimen. Furthermore, the AEs associated with these regimens were deemed tolerable. These findings could provide a reference for the clinical treatment of LACC. However, further prospective studies are needed to verify it.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Quimiorradioterapia , Cisplatino , Paclitaxel , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Resultado do Tratamento , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
16.
Small ; : e2401299, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746996

RESUMO

The immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) reduces the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy against solid tumors. Here, a CAR T cell membrane-camouflaged nanocatalyst (ACSP@TCM) is prepared to augment CAR T cell therapy efficacy against solid tumors. ACSP@TCM is prepared by encapsulating core/shell Au/Cu2- xSe and 3-bromopyruvate with a CAR T cell membrane. It is demonstrated that the CAR T cell membrane camouflaging has much better-targeting effect than the homologous tumors cell membrane camouflaging. ACSP@TCM has an appealing synergistic chemodynamic/photothermal therapy (CDT/PTT) effect that can induce the immunogenic cell death (ICD) of NALM 6 cells. Moreover, 3-bromopyruvate can inhibit the efflux of lactic acid by inhibiting the glycolysis process, regulating the acidity of TME, and providing a more favorable environment for the survival of CAR T cells. In addition, the photoacoustic (PA) imaging and computed tomography (CT) imaging performance can guide the ACSP@TCM-mediated tumor therapy. The results demonstrated that the ACSP@TCM significantly enhanced the CAR T cell therapy efficacy against NALM 6 solid tumor mass, and completely eliminated tumors. This work provides an effective tumor strategy for CAR T cell therapy in solid tumors.

17.
J Pain Res ; 17: 1693-1707, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746535

RESUMO

Background: Cerebral blood flow and vascular structures serve as the fundamental components of brain metabolism and circulation. Acupuncture, an alternative and complementary medical approach, has demonstrated efficacy in treating cerebral ischemic stroke (CIS). Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying the impact of acupuncture on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) function remain uncertain. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the alterations in VSMC function following acupuncture stimulation in CIS models. Methods: The databases PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and EMBASE were queried until November 2022 using a predetermined search strategy. The FORMAT BY SYRCLE guidelines were adhered to, and the risk of bias of the included studies was evaluated using the Risk of Bias tool developed by the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation. The random-effects model was employed to estimate the standardized mean difference (SMD). Results: Eighteen articles are included in this review. Acupuncture showed significant positive effects on the region cerebral blood flow (SMD=8.15 [95% CI, 4.52 to 11.78]) and neurological deficiency (SMD=-3.75 [95% CI, -5.54 to -1.97]). Descriptive analysis showed a probable mechanism of acupuncture stimulation in CIS rats related to VSMC function. Limitations and publication bias were presented in the studies. Conclusion: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, our findings indicate that acupuncture stimulation has the potential to improve regional cerebral blood flow and alleviate neurological deficits, possibly by regulating VSMC function. However, it is important to exercise caution when interpreting these results due to the limitations of animal experimental design and methodological quality.

19.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563116

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of the roots of Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk resulted in the isolation of twelve coumarin derivatives including one new 3,4-dihydroisocoumarin (1) and eleven known 3,4-unsubstituted coumarins (2-12). Structural elucidation of compounds 1-12 was established by 1D and 2D NMR spectra referring to the literature, together with high-resolution mass spectrometric analysis. LPS-induced RAW264.7 inflammatory cell model was used to determine the potential antiinflammation activity of all the isolated compounds in vitro. The results showed that compound 3 significantly inhibited the production of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO in macrophages (IC50 = 4.54 ± 1.71 µM), more active than the positive control (L-NMMA).

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(7)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612160

RESUMO

At the initial rolling temperature of 400 °C, ZK60 magnesium alloy was hot rolled by three different rolling paths with different roll speed ratios (RSR) of 1:1.15, 1:1.2, and 1:1.5, respectively. The effects of different rolling processes on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the alloy were studied. The microstructure, plasticity, strength, hardness, and texture intensity of rolled samples were analyzed in this work. The results show that the microstructure uniformity of the alloy under multi-path asynchronous rolling (MAR) is significantly improved, which improves the mechanical properties of the material to a certain extent, and effectively weakens the texture intensity of the basal plane and reduces the anisotropy. The amount of randomly oriented grains of ZK60 magnesium alloy rolled by the C-1.5 (path C combined with the RSR of 1:1.5) process are significantly increased, which significantly weakens the basal texture and improves the ductility of the alloy, greatly enhancing the processing and formability of ZK60 magnesium alloy.

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