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2.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111649, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367462

RESUMO

Endometritis is a sort of general reproductive disease, which can lead to infertility in both humans and animals. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is recognised as the main bacterial etiology of endometritis among livestock and causes huge economic losses to dairy farming industry. Antibiotics are frequently used in the clinical treatment of endometritis; nevertheless, long-term use may result in adverse effects, including bacterial resistance and food safety concerns. TSAIII, one of the active pharmacological components of A. asphodeloides, has exhibited multiple biological activities, including anticancer, anti-angiogenesis, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the protective effects of TSAIII in E. coli-challenged endometritis remain unclear. This study aimed to clarify the role of TSAIII in E. coli-induced endometritis in mice and elucidate its specific molecular mechanisms. In the present research, TSAIII treatment markedly alleviated the E. coli-induced uterine histopathological injury, and decreased myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and pro-inflammatory cytokines levels in uterine tissue. Our results further demonstrated that TSAIII improved uterine epithelial barrier function by restoring the expressions of tight junction proteins. Furthermore, TSAIII administration noticeably suppressed the activation of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway and the NLRP3 inflammasome. Importantly, we found that TSAIII could regulate the uterine microbiota structure and composition in E. coli-induced mouse endometritis. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that treatment with TSAIII protects against E. coli-induced endometritis via modulating uterine microbiota composition, inhibiting TLR4/NF-κB pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome activation, in addition to improving uterine epithelial barrier function. Therefore, the results of this study provide a new therapeutic to potentially prevent endometritis.

3.
Transl Oncol ; 43: 101911, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377934

RESUMO

Oxaliplatin (OXA)-based chemotherapy is one of the first-line treatments for advanced gastric cancer. However, the potential risk for chemotherapy-induced hepatic injury can hinder its effectiveness. Polyene phosphatidylcholine (PPC) is often used as a hepatoprotective agent to counter OXA-induced hepatic injury; however, its impact on the antitumour effectiveness of OXA remains uncertain. Our retrospective study examined 98 patients with stage IV gastric cancer to assess the impact of PPC on progression-free survival (PFS) and disease control rate (DCR). Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo assays were conducted to elucidate the combined biological effects of OXA and PPC (OXA+PPC) on gastric cancer. RNA sequencing, luciferase reporter assays, live/dead cell assays, immunofluorescence, and western blotting were used to identify the activated signalling pathways and downstream factors post OXA+PPC treatment. The findings indicated that PPC served as an independent prognostic factor, correlating with prolonged PFS and improved DCR in patients with gastric cancer. The combination of OXA and PPC significantly inhibited tumour cell growth both in vitro and in vivo. RNA sequencing revealed that OXA+PPC treatment amplified reactive oxygen species and ferroptosis signalling pathways. Mechanistically, OXA+PPC upregulated the expression of haem oxygenase-1 by promoting the nuclear migration of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2), thereby enhancing its transcriptional activity. Drug-molecule docking analysis demonstrated that PPC competitively bound to the peptide structural domains of both Nrf2 and Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1), accounting for the increased translocation of Nrf2. In conclusion, our study reveals the synergistic antitumour potential of PPC and OXA while protecting patients against hepatic injury. This suggests a promising combined treatment approach for patients with advanced gastric cancer.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We created a novel, high sensitivity immunochromatographic assay that allows for clear and precise quantitative analysis by employing innovative bimetallic nanoparticles with peroxide-like activity as markers for the preparation of the test strip. METHODS: Initially, we synthesized Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles through the reduction of K2PtCl4 and Na2PdCl4 using ascorbic acid (AA) in an ultrasonic water bath. These bimetallic nanoparticles were then utilized to label purified antigens from the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) type O (FMDV-146S), resulting in the creation of antigen-captured nanomarkers. Upon completion of the antigen-antibody reaction, we introduced a color-developing agent (3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine) for cascade amplification, significantly enhancing detection sensitivity while ensuring clear and accurate quantitative analysis. RESULTS: The quantitative detection sensitivity achieved was 1:28/test, with a linear range spanning from 1:26 âˆ¼ 1:29 /test. For FMDV type O positive serum, the detection sensitivity reached 96.7 %. Furthermore, this method exhibited a 95 % detection sensitivity for FMDV negative serum, FMDV type A and type AsiaⅠ positive sera, as well as sera positive for other common viral diseases in animals. In comparison to the OIE-recommended LPB-ELISA, this approach displayed higher correlation (correlation coefficient = 0.909). Innovation was at the core of establishing this immunochromatographic assay based on Pt-Pd bimetallic nanoparticles for the detection of FMDV antibodies. CONCLUSION: The findings revealed a striking 24-fold improvement in sensitivity when compared to colloidal gold, accompanied by a strong correlation coefficient (R2 > 0.9). This suggests a robust and consistent linear association in the results. This method represents a significant advancement in the field of rapid immunochromatographic assays, offering a promising alternative application for bimetallic nanoparticles.

5.
Surgery ; 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is one of the most severe adverse events of minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Early postoperative endoscopy is considered to be the most objective means to diagnose anastomotic leakage, but its safety is questioned by clinicians. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of early postoperative endoscopy in predicting anastomotic leakage. METHODS: Patients who underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy (from January 2017 to June 2021) in our center were identified and divided into early postoperative endoscopy and control groups according to whether they underwent early postoperative endoscopy within 72 hours after surgery. Propensity score matching was used to balance baseline characteristics. The incidence of postoperative adverse events was compared between the 2 groups, risk variables for anastomotic leakage were identified using logistic regression, and abnormal endoscopic findings related to anastomotic leakage occurrence were explored. RESULTS: A total of 436 patients were enrolled, of whom 134 underwent early postoperative endoscopy. One hundred and thirty-two pairs were matched by propensity score matching, and baseline characteristics were well-balanced. Both before and after propensity score matching, early postoperative endoscopy did not increase the incidence of postoperative adverse events (chyle leak, hypoproteinemia, pneumonia, etc) and in-hospital mortality. Notably, the incidence of anastomotic leakage (9.8% vs 22.7%) and the length of mean postoperative hospital stay (17.6 vs 20.9 days) was significantly decreased in the early postoperative endoscopy group. Finally, based on the findings under early postoperative endoscopy, we found that gastric graft ischemia is related to a higher incidence of anastomotic leakage (P = .023). CONCLUSION: Early postoperative endoscopy does not increase postoperative adverse events after minimally invasive esophagectomy and may guide early prediction and intervention strategies for anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing minimally invasive esophagectomy.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 310: 123962, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309005

RESUMO

The Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an attractive optical detecting method with high sensitivity and detectivity, however challenges on large-area signal uniformity and complex spectra analysis methods always retards its wide application. Herein, a highly sensitive and uniform SERS detection strategy supported by porous carbon film/WO3-x nanosheets (PorC/WO3-x) based noble-metal-free SERS substrate and deep learning algorithm are reported. Experimentally, the PorC/WO3-x substrate was prepared by high-temperature annealing the PorC/WO3 films under the argon atmosphere. The defect density of the WO3 was controlled by tuning the reducing reaction time during the annealing process. The SERS performance was evaluated by using R6G as the Raman reporter, it showed that the SERS intensity obtained on the substrate with the optimal annealing time of 3 h was about 8 times as high as that obtained on the PorC/WO3 substrate without annealing treatment. And detection limit of 10-7 M and Raman enhancement factor of 106 could be achieved. Moreover, the above optimal SERS substrate was utilized to detect flavonoids of quercetin, 3-hydroxyflavone and flavone, and a deep learning algorithms was incorporated to identify the quercetin. It revealed that quercetin can be accurately detected within the above flavonoids, and lowest detectable concentration of 10-5 M can be achieved.

7.
Biol Open ; 13(2)2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315073

RESUMO

Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have been widely applied in translational and regenerative medicine. During aging, there is a recognized functional decline in ADSCs, which compromises their therapeutic effectiveness. Currently, the mechanisms of aging-induced stem cell dysfunction remain unclear, hence there is a need to elucidate these mechanisms and propose strategies for reversing this functional impairment. In this study, we found that ADSCs isolated from old donors (O-ADSCs) presented inferior phenotypes and decreased miR-145-5p levels compared to those from young donors (Y-ADSCs). To interrogate the role of miR-145-5p in ADSCs, gain- and loss-of-function assays were performed. The results indicated that miR-145-5p overexpression in O-ADSCs promoted cellular proliferation and migration, while reducing cell senescence. Further study demonstrated that miR-145-5p could regulate ADSCs function by targeting bone morphogenetic protein binding endothelial cell precursor-derived regulator (BMPER), which is a crucial modulator in angiogenesis. Moreover, in vivo experiments showed that miR-145-5p-overexpressing O-ADSCs accelerated wound healing by promoting wound re-epithelialization and angiogenesis. Collectively, this study indicates that miR-145-5p works as a positive regulator for optimizing O-ADSCs function, and may be a novel therapeutic target for restoring aging-associated impairments in stem cell function.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , MicroRNAs/genética , Adipócitos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Cicatrização/genética
8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1429, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365899

RESUMO

Senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to aging-related cardiovascular diseases by promoting arterial remodelling and stiffness. Ferroptosis is a novel type of regulated cell death associated with lipid oxidation. Here, we show that pro-ferroptosis signaling drives VSMCs senescence to accelerate vascular NAD+ loss, remodelling and aging. Pro-ferroptotic signaling is triggered in senescent VSMCs and arteries of aged mice. Furthermore, the activation of pro-ferroptotic signaling in VSMCs not only induces NAD+ loss and senescence but also promotes the release of a pro-senescent secretome. Pharmacological or genetic inhibition of pro-ferroptosis signaling, ameliorates VSMCs senescence, reduces vascular stiffness and retards the progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm in mice. Mechanistically, we revealed that inhibition of pro-ferroptotic signaling facilitates the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of proliferator-activated receptor-γ and, thereby impeding nuclear receptor coactivator 4-ferrtin complex-centric ferritinophagy. Finally, the activated pro-ferroptotic signaling correlates with arterial stiffness in a human proof-of-concept study. These findings have significant implications for future therapeutic strategies aiming to eliminate vascular ferroptosis in senescence- or aging-associated cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Músculo Liso Vascular , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Senescência Celular/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , NAD/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Artérias , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo
9.
Eur Stroke J ; : 23969873241232327, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372251

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are main forms of hemorrhagic stroke. Data regarding cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) burden and incidental small lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) following aSAH are sparse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a prospective cohort of aSAH and ICH patients with brain MRI within 30 days after onset from March 2015 to January 2023. White matter hyperintensity (WMH), lacune, perivascular space, cerebral microbleed (CMB), total SVD score, and incidental DWI lesions were assessed and compared between aSAH and ICH. Clinical and radiological characteristics associated with small DWI lesions in aSAH were investigated. RESULTS: We included 180 patients with aSAH (median age [IQR] 53 [47-61] years) and 299 with ICH (63 [53-73] years). DWI lesions were more common in aSAH than ICH (47.8% vs 14.4%, p < 0.001). Higher total SVD score was associated with ICH versus aSAH irrespective of hematoma location, whereas DWI lesions and strictly lobar CMBs were correlated with aSAH. Multivariable analysis showed that shorter time from onset to MRI, anterior circulation aneurysm rupture, CMB ⩾ 5, and total SVD score were associated with DWI lesions in aSAH. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Incidental DWI lesions and strictly lobar CMBs were more frequent in aSAH versus ICH whereas ICH had higher SVD burden. Incidental DWI lesions in aSAH were associated with multiple clinical and imaging factors. Longitudinal studies to investigate the dynamic change and prognostic value of the covert hemorrhagic and ischemic lesions in aSAH seem justified.

10.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 968: 176397, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331337

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a vascular degenerative disease, is a potentially life-threatening condition characterised by the loss of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM), inflammation, and oxidative stress. Despite the severity of AAA, effective drugs for treatment are scarce. At low doses, terazosin (TZ) exerts antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects in several diseases, but its potential to protect against AAA remains unexplored. Herein, we investigated the effects of TZ in two AAA animal models: Angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion in Apoe-/- mice and calcium chloride application in C57BL/6J mice. Mice were orally administered with TZ (100 or 1000 µg/kg/day). The in vivo results indicated that low-dose TZ alleviated AAA formation in both models. Low-dose TZ significantly reduced aortic pulse wave velocity without exerting an apparent antihypertensive effect in the Ang II-induced AAA model. Paternally expressed gene 3 (Peg3) was identified via RNA sequencing as a novel TZ target. PEG3 expression was significantly elevated in both mouse and human AAA tissues. TZ suppressed PEG3 expression and reduced the abundance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP2/MMP9) in the tunica media. Functional experiments and molecular analyses revealed that TZ (10 nM) treatment and Peg3 knockdown effectively prevented Ang II-induced VSMC senescence and apoptosis in vitro. Thus, Peg3, a novel target of TZ, mediates inflammation-induced VSMC apoptosis and senescence. Low-dose TZ downregulates Peg3 expression to attenuate AAA formation and ECM degradation, suggesting a promising therapeutic strategy for AAA.

11.
Neurosci Res ; 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355017

RESUMO

Studies have demonstrated that the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) extensively affects brain function. Although cognitive dysfunction is considered a common manifestation in COVID-19 patients during the recovery period, the potential changes in decision-making ability, are not yet clear. Decision-making functions are essential to the work of healthcare workers. However, there is a lack of a multidimensional assessment of its functioning in COVID-19 cases. Here, we used tests combined with the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) stabilization feature amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) to explore decision-making behavior and brain neural activity changes in healthcare workers after mild COVID-19. Participants were divided into the SARS-CoV-2 infected group (SI, n = 41) and healthy controls (HC, n = 42). All participants underwent a series of neuropsychological tests. They performed the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the Game of Dice Task (GDT), followed by fMRI (n = 20) to assess their decision-making ability under ambiguous and risky conditions and changes in brain neural activity. The SI group performed worse in verbal memory than the HC group. Furthermore, the SI group performed worse in the IGT, whereas no significant difference was observed in the GDT. In addition, rs-fMRI showed enhanced spontaneous neural activity in the postcentral gyrus and inferior parietal lobe in the SI group compared to the HC group.

12.
Phytother Res ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358766

RESUMO

Forsythia suspensa tea is a popular traditional Chinese medicine decoction for its healthy and therapeutic benefits. However, its effects in bone metabolism were not clear. In recent study, we uncovered anti-osteoclastogenesis property of Phillygenin (Phi), a compound abundant in Forsythia suspensa leaves, and aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of Phi on bone metabolism in vivo and in vitro. Lipopolysaccharides-induced murine calvaria osteolysis and ovariectomy-induced bone loss animal models were used to identify the bone-protective effect of Phi in vivo and micro-CT, pQCT, and TRAP staining were applied. We used CCK8, TUNEL, BrdU, and TRAP staining to evaluate the efficacy of Phi on the proliferation and formation of OCs in primary mBMMs. RNA sequence, activity-based protein profiling, molecular docking, G-LISA, and WB were used to inspect the target and underlying mechanism of Phi's actions in mBMMs. We found Phi significantly inhibited bone resorption in vivo and inhibited mBMMs osteoclastogenesis in vitro. Ras homolog gene family member A (RhoA) was identified as the direct target of Phi. It counteracted the effects of RhoA activator and acted as a RhoA inhibitor. By targeting RhoA, Phi modulated Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) activity and regulated its downstream NF-κB/NFATc1/c-fos pathway. Furthermore, Phi depressed the disassembling of F-actin ring through cofilin and myosin1a. Our findings provided Phi as a potential option for treating bone loss diseases by targeting RhoA and highlighted the importance of F. suspensa as a preventive approach in bone disorders.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 172: 116266, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ß-Elemene (IUPAC name: (1 S,2 S,4 R)-1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2,4-bis(prop-1-en-2-yl) cyclohexane), is a natural compound found in turmeric root. Studies have demonstrated its diverse biological functions, including its anti-tumor properties, which have been extensively investigated. However, these have not yet been reviewed. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive summary of ß-elemene research, with respect to disease treatment. METHODS: ß-Elemene-related articles were found in PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar databases to systematically summarize its structure, pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and pharmacological activity. We also searched the Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology database for therapeutic targets of ß-elemene. We further combined these targets with the relevant literature for KEGG and GO analyses. RESULTS: Studies on the molecular mechanisms underlying ß-elemene activity indicate that it regulates multiple pathways, including STAT3, MAPKs, Cyclin-dependent kinase 1/cyclin B, Notch, PI3K/AKT, reactive oxygen species, METTL3, PTEN, p53, FAK, MMP, TGF-ß/Smad signaling. Through these molecular pathways, ß-elemene has been implicated in tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion and improving the immune microenvironment. Additionally, ß-elemene increases chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity and reverses resistance by inhibiting DNA damage repair and regulating pathways including CTR1, pak1, ERK1/2, ABC transporter protein, Prx-1 and ERCC-1. Nonetheless, owing to its lipophilicity and low bioavailability, additional structural modifications could improve the efficacy of this drug. CONCLUSION: ß-Elemene exhibits low toxicity with good safety, inhibiting various tumor types via diverse mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. When combined with chemotherapeutic drugs, it enhances efficacy, reduces toxicity, and improves tumor killing. Thus, ß-elemene has vast potential for research and development.

14.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; : 1-11, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a nomogram to predict the overall survival of elderly patients with Triple-negative invasive ductal breast carcinoma (TNIDC). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 12165 elderly patients with nonmetastatic TNIDC were retrieved from the SEER database from 2010 to 2019 and were randomly assigned to training and validation cohorts. Stepwise Cox regression analysis was used to select variables for the nomogram based on the training cohort. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to calculate the correlation between variables and prognosis of the patients. Survival analysis was performed for high- and low-risk subgroups based on risk score. RESULTS: Eleven predictive factors were identified to construct our nomograms. Compared with the TNM stage, the discrimination of the nomogram revealed good prognostic accuracy and clinical applicability as indicated by C-index values of 0.741 (95% CI 0.728-0.754) against 0.708 (95% CI 0.694-0.721) and 0.765 (95% CI 0.747-0.783) against 0.725 (95% CI 0.705-0.744) for the training and validation cohorts, respectively. Differences in OS were also observed between the high- and low-risk groups (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The proposed nomogram provides a convenient and reliable tool for individual evaluations for elderly patients with M0_stage TNIDC. However, the model may only for Americans.

15.
Inflammation ; 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302679

RESUMO

Chronic diabetes mellitus compromises the vascular system, which causes organ injury, including in the lung. Due to the strong compensatory ability of the lung, patients always exhibit subclinical symptoms. Once sepsis occurs, the degree of lung injury is more severe under hyperglycemic conditions. The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) plays an important role in regulating inflammation and metabolism and can improve endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) functions. In the present study, lung injury caused by sepsis was compared between diabetic rats and normal rats. We also examined whether α7nAChR activation combined with EPC transplantation could ameliorate lung injury in diabetic sepsis rats. A type 2 diabetic model was induced in rats via a high-fat diet and streptozotocin. Then, a rat model of septic lung injury was established by intraperitoneal injection combined with endotracheal instillation of LPS. The oxygenation indices, wet-to-dry ratios, and histopathological scores of the lungs were tested after PNU282987 treatment and EPC transplantation. IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and IL-10 levels were measured. Caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, and phosphorylated NF-κB (p-NF-κB) levels were determined by blotting. Sepsis causes obvious lung injury, which is exacerbated by diabetic conditions. α7nAChR activation and endothelial progenitor cell transplantation reduced lung injury in diabetic sepsis rats, alleviating inflammation and decreasing apoptosis. This treatment was more effective when PNU282987 and endothelial progenitor cells were administered together. p-NF-κB levels decreased following treatment with PNU282987 and EPCs. In conclusion, α7nAChR activation combined with EPC transplantation can alleviate lung injury in diabetic sepsis rats through the NF-κB signaling pathway.

16.
Plant J ; 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305492

RESUMO

Floral patterns are unique to rice and contribute significantly to its reproductive success. SL1 encodes a C2H2 transcription factor that plays a critical role in flower development in rice, but the molecular mechanism regulated by it remains poorly understood. Here, we describe interactions of the SL1 with floral homeotic genes, SPW1, and DL in specifying floral organ identities and floral meristem fate. First, the sl1 spw1 double mutant exhibited a stamen-to-pistil transition similar to that of sl1, spw1, suggesting that SL1 and SPW1 may located in the same pathway regulating stamen development. Expression analysis revealed that SL1 is located upstream of SPW1 to maintain its high level of expression and that SPW1, in turn, activates the B-class genes OsMADS2 and OsMADS4 to suppress DL expression indirectly. Secondly, sl1 dl displayed a severe loss of floral meristem determinacy and produced amorphous tissues in the third/fourth whorl. Expression analysis revealed that the meristem identity gene OSH1 was ectopically expressed in sl1 dl in the fourth whorl, suggesting that SL1 and DL synergistically terminate the floral meristem fate. Another meristem identity gene, FON1, was significantly decreased in expression in sl1 background mutants, suggesting that SL1 may directly activate its expression to regulate floral meristem fate. Finally, molecular evidence supported the direct genomic binding of SL1 to SPW1 and FON1 and the subsequent activation of their expression. In conclusion, we present a model to illustrate the roles of SL1, SPW1, and DL in floral organ specification and regulation of floral meristem fate in rice.

17.
iScience ; 27(2): 108721, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303704

RESUMO

n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are closely related to the progression of numerous chronic inflammatory diseases, but the role of n-3 PUFAs in the intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) remains unclear. In this study, male C57BL/6 wildtype mice (WT group, n = 30) and fat-1 transgenic mice (TG group, n = 30) were randomly selected to construct the IVDD model. The results demonstrated that the optimized composition of PUFAs in the TG mice had a significant impact on delaying IVDD and cellular senescence of intervertebral disc (IVD). Mechanismly, n-3 PUFAs inhibited IVD senescence by alleviating NCOA4-mediated iron overload. NCOA4 overexpression promoted iron overload and weakened the pro-proliferation and anti-senescence effect of DHA on the IVD cells. Furthermore, this study futher revealed n-3 PUFAs downregulated NCOA4 expression by inactiviting the LGR5/ß-catenin signaling pathway. This study provides an important theoretical basis for preventing and treating IVDD and low back pain.

18.
iScience ; 27(2): 108757, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313046

RESUMO

The survival outcomes of patients with chest wall sarcomas (CWS) were evaluated after receiving wide excision and chest wall reconstruction by using three-dimensional printed (3DP) implants. The survival outcomes evaluating the effect of 3DP implants for chest wall reconstruction is lacking. Here, forty-nine patients with CWS underwent radical wide excision and chest wall reconstruction using 3DP implants. The surgical data and long-term survival outcomes were collected and analyzed. With a median follow-up of 36 months, the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 31.7% and 58.5%, respectively. In addition, the 3-year DFS and OS can be significantly differentiated using the classification criteria of tumor grade, tumor size tumor area. Hence, wide excision and chest wall reconstruction using three-dimensional printed implants are a safe and effective treatment for chest wall sarcoma. The novel classification criteria of tumor size and area have the potential to predict the prognosis of CWS.

19.
Science ; 383(6682): eadj9198, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300992

RESUMO

Mapping single-neuron projections is essential for understanding brain-wide connectivity and diverse functions of the hippocampus (HIP). Here, we reconstructed 10,100 single-neuron projectomes of mouse HIP and classified 43 projectome subtypes with distinct projection patterns. The number of projection targets and axon-tip distribution depended on the soma location along HIP longitudinal and transverse axes. Many projectome subtypes were enriched in specific HIP subdomains defined by spatial transcriptomic profiles. Furthermore, we delineated comprehensive wiring diagrams for HIP neurons projecting exclusively within the HIP formation (HPF) and for those projecting to both intra- and extra-HPF targets. Bihemispheric projecting neurons generally projected to one pair of homologous targets with ipsilateral preference. These organization principles of single-neuron projectomes provide a structural basis for understanding the function of HIP neurons.


Assuntos
Axônios , Mapeamento Encefálico , Hipocampo , Neurônios , Animais , Camundongos , Axônios/fisiologia , Axônios/ultraestrutura , Hipocampo/ultraestrutura , Neurônios/classificação , Neurônios/ultraestrutura , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Rede Nervosa , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
20.
Brief Bioinform ; 25(2)2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385878

RESUMO

Structural Variants (SVs) are a crucial type of genetic variant that can significantly impact phenotypes. Therefore, the identification of SVs is an essential part of modern genomic analysis. In this article, we present kled, an ultra-fast and sensitive SV caller for long-read sequencing data given the specially designed approach with a novel signature-merging algorithm, custom refinement strategies and a high-performance program structure. The evaluation results demonstrate that kled can achieve optimal SV calling compared to several state-of-the-art methods on simulated and real long-read data for different platforms and sequencing depths. Furthermore, kled excels at rapid SV calling and can efficiently utilize multiple Central Processing Unit (CPU) cores while maintaining low memory usage. The source code for kled can be obtained from https://github.com/CoREse/kled.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Genômica , Fenótipo , Software
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