Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.026
Filtrar
1.
Pharmacology ; : 1-11, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) remains a common cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Medical intervention plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of PPH. Prostaglandins (PGs) are currently recommended as second-line uterotonics, which are applied in cases of persistent bleeding despite oxytocin treatment. SUMMARY: PG agents that are constantly used in clinical practice include carboprost, sulprostone, and misoprostol, representing the analogs of PGF2α, PGE2, and PGE1, respectively. Injectable PGs, when used to treat PPH, are effective in reducing blood loss but probably induce cardiovascular or respiratory side effects. Misoprostol is characterized by oral administration, low cost, stability in storage, broad availability, and minimal side effects. It remains a treatment option for uterine atony in low-resource settings, but its effectiveness as a uterotonic for independent application may be limited. Key Messages: The present review article discusses the physiological roles of various natural PGs, evaluates the existing evidence of PG analogs in the prevention and treatment of PPH, and finally provides a reference to assist obstetricians in selecting appropriate uterotonics.

2.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230965

RESUMO

Bone mineral density (BMD) is a highly heritable complex trait and is a key indicator for diagnosis and treatment for osteoporosis. In the last decade, numerous susceptibility loci for BMD and fracture have been identified by genome wide association studies (GWAS); however, fine mapping of these loci is challengeable. Here, we proposed a new long-range fine-mapping approach that combined super-enhancers (SEs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) data, which were two important factors in control of cell identity and specific differentiation, with the GWAS summary datasets in cell-type-restricted way. Genome-wide SE-based analysis found that the BMD-related variants were significantly enriched in the osteoblast SE regions, indicative of potential long-range effects of such SNPs. With the SNP-mapped SEs (mSEs), 13 accessible long-range mSE-interacted miRNAs (mSE-miRNAs) were identified by integrating osteoblast Hi-C and ATAC-seq data, including three known bone-related miRNAs (miR-132-3p, miR-212-3p and miR-125b-5p). The putative targets of the two newly identified mSE-miRNAs (miR-548aj-3p and miR-190a-3p) were found largely enriched in osteogenic-related pathway and processes, suggesting that these mSE-miRNAs could be functional in the regulation of osteoblast differentiation. Furthermore, we identified 54 genes with the long-range 'mSE-miRNA' approach, and 24 of them were previously reported to be related to skeletal development. Besides, enrichment analysis found that these genes were specifically enriched in the post-transcriptional regulation and bone formation processes. This study provided a new insight into the approach of fine-mapping of GWAS loci. A tool was provided for the genome-wide SE-based analysis and the detection of long-range osteoblast-restricted mSE-miRNAs (https://github.com/Zheng-Lab-Westlake/Osteo-Fine-Mapp-SNP2SE2miRNA).

3.
Biofabrication ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233298

RESUMO

Development of transplantable engineered tissue has been hampered by lacking vascular network within the engineered tissue. Three-dimensional (3D) printing has emerged as a new technology with great potential in fabrication and customization of geometric microstructure. In this study, utilizing digital light processing system, we manufactured a recently designed novel 3D architecture scaffold with poly(glycerol sebacate) acrylate (PGSA). Vascular construct was subsequently generated by seeding stem cells within this scaffold. PGSA provided inductive substrate in terms of supporting three-germ layer differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and also promoting ESCs-derived vascular progenitor cells (VPCs) differentiation into endothelial cells (ECs). Furthermore, the differentiation efficiency of VPCs into ECs on PGSA was much higher than that on collagen IV or fibronectin. The results from seeding VPCs in the rotating hexagonal PGSA scaffold suggest that this architectural framework is highly efficient for cell engraftment in 3D structures. After long-term suspension culture of the VPCs in scaffold under directed EC differentiation condition, VPC-differentiated ECs were populated in the scaffold and expressed EC markers. Transplantation of the vascular construct in mice resulted in formation of new vascular network and integration of the microvasculature within the scaffold into the existing vasculature of host tissue. Importantly, in a mouse model of wound healing, ECs from the transplanted vascular construct directly contributed to revascularization and enhanced blood perfusion at the injured site. Collectively, this transplantable vascular construct provides an innovative alternative therapeutic strategy for vascular tissue engineering.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14353, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253822

RESUMO

COVID-19 has tremendously impacted patients and medical systems globally. Computed tomography images can effectively complement the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction testing. This study adopted a convolutional neural network for COVID-19 testing. We examined the performance of different pre-trained models on CT testing and identified that larger, out-of-field datasets boost the testing power of the models. This suggests that a priori knowledge of the models from out-of-field training is also applicable to CT images. The proposed transfer learning approach proves to be more successful than the current approaches described in literature. We believe that our approach has achieved the state-of-the-art performance in identification thus far. Based on experiments with randomly sampled training datasets, the results reveal a satisfactory performance by our model. We investigated the relevant visual characteristics of the CT images used by the model; these may assist clinical doctors in manual screening.


Assuntos
Teste para COVID-19/métodos , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado Profundo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Redes Neurais de Computação , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade
5.
Mar Drugs ; 19(7)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202500

RESUMO

An extract of the coralline demosponge Astrosclera willeyana inhibited the ubiquitin ligase activity of the immunomodulatory protein Cbl-b. The bioassay-guided separation of the extract provided ten active compounds, including three new N-methyladenine-containing diterpenoids, agelasines W-Y (1-3), a new bromopyrrole alkaloid, N(1)-methylisoageliferin (4), and six known ageliferin derivatives (5-10). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated from their spectroscopic and spectrometric data, including IR, HRESIMS, and NMR, and by comparison with spectroscopic data in the literature. While all of the isolated compounds showed Cbl-b inhibitory activities, ageliferins (4-10) were the most potent metabolites, with IC50 values that ranged from 18 to 35 µM.

6.
Nat Chem Biol ; 17(8): 845-855, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312558

RESUMO

One-carbon (C1) substrates are preferred feedstocks for the biomanufacturing industry and have recently gained attention owing to their natural abundance, low production cost and availability as industrial by-products. However, native pathways to utilize these substrates are absent in most biotechnologically relevant microorganisms. Recent advances in synthetic biology, genome engineering and laboratory evolution are enabling the first steps towards the creation of synthetic C1-utilizing microorganisms. Here, we briefly review the native metabolism of methane, methanol, CO2, CO and formate, and how these C1-utilizing pathways can be engineered into heterologous hosts. In addition, this review analyses the potential, the challenges and the perspectives of C1-based biomanufacturing.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14403, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257368

RESUMO

Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis) is a critically endangered species, and waters downstream from Gezhouba Dam are the only known spawning ground. To optimize the velocity conditions in the spawning ground by controlling the opening mode of Gezhouba Dam generator units, a mathematical model of Chinese sturgeon spawning ground was established in FLOW-3D. The model was evaluated with velocity measurements, and the results were determined to be in good agreement. By inverting the 2016-2019 field monitoring results, the model shows that the preferred velocity range for Chinese sturgeon spawning is 0.6-1.5 m/s. Velocity fields of different opening modes of the generator units were simulated with identical discharge. The suitable-velocity area was maximal when all units of Dajiang Plant of Gezhouba Dam were open. For discharges below 12,000 m3/s, most of the area was suitable; for discharges above 12,000 m3/s, the suitable area rapidly decreased with increasing discharge. A comparison of suitable areas under high-flow showed that at discharges of 12,000-15,000 m3/s, opening 11-13 units on the left side was optimal. For discharges above 15,000 m3/s, all units should be open. We used these results to recommend a new operation scheme to support the conservation of Chinese sturgeon.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227192

RESUMO

It is challenging to remove polar organic micropollutants from water through adsorption-mediated processes. Macrocycle-crosslinked polymers were recently shown to be effective adsorbents for nonpolar or charged organic micropollutants through specific host-guest binding, but are rarely used for the treatment of neutral and polar organic micropollutants. This is due to the challenge of recognizing polar molecules in water by macrocyclic hosts. In this research, we report two amide naphthotube-crosslinked polymers which can effectively and rapidly adsorb a wide scope of polar organic micropollutants from water through biomimetic molecular recognition. Amide naphthotubes possess hydrogen bonding sites in their deep hydrophobic cavities and can effectively bind polar organic micropollutants in water through the hydrophobic effects and shielded hydrogen bonds. The cross-linked polymers containing amide naphthotubes are even able to remove a complex mixture of organic micropollutants from water and the used materials can be easily regenerated through washing with MeOH or EtOH. This research provides a solution for the treatment of polar organic micropollutants by using biomimetic molecular recognition in water.

10.
J Environ Manage ; 296: 113172, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225044

RESUMO

The Yellow River Economic Belt (YREB) plays an important role in China's socio-economic development and ecological security. However, this region has suffered from serious atmospheric pollution in recent years due to intense human activity. Identifying and qualifying the spatio-temporal characteristics of the region's air pollution and its driving forces would help in the formulation of effective mitigation policies. Here, the YREB's spatio-temporal characteristics of air quality were meticulously investigated using air pollution observation, synchronous meteorological, and socio-economic data from 103 cities, for the period of 2014-2019. Furthermore, the factors influencing air pollution were analyzed and qualified. Although air quality improved in the cities of the YREB following the implementation of the Air Pollution Action Plan, the region's quality index (AQI) remained higher than the national average. Annual variations of AQI in the YREB followed a U-shaped pattern, being high in autumn and winter and low in spring and summer; this U shape became shallower following improvements in air quality during autumn and winter. From 2014 to 2019, the annual average AQI values of cities in the eastern, middle, and western YREB dropped from 109.66, 111.70, and 94.65 to 92.00, 103.85, and 73.95, respectively. The air pollution trends of cities revealed obvious spatial agglomeration, and those cities with poor air quality were primarily the western cities of Shandong province, most cities in Henan province, and the eastern cities of Shanxi province. Due to the improvement of air quality in eastern cities, the pollution center of gravity moved gradually from Changzhi (113°3411"E, 36°040"N) to Linfen (110°5222″E, 36°2344″N). The results of the spatial Durbin model (SDM) indicated that air pollution had an apparent spillover effect in the YREB at the watershed scale, and that government technical expenditure, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, population density, annual wind speed, and relative humidity all had significant negative overall effects on the AQI values of cities. The green cover rate, ratio of secondary industry, and temperature, meanwhile, all had significant positive total effects. Due to differences the natural conditions and stages of socio-economic development between the eastern, middle, and western cities of the YREB, the impact directions and functional strengths of their key factors differed greatly.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266375

RESUMO

Honey is a traditional food additive that can be used to preserve food, increase the flavour of food, and enhance the effect of some functional foods. Mulberry leaf is a popular tea, and it is also an anti-diabetic medicinal material. In the traditional processing of mulberry leaf tea, honey is a commonly used additive. This study used ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) to measure the changes in the contents of 11 components of mulberry leaves before and after processing using honey as an additive. We analysed the absorption and elimination characteristics of mulberry leaves before and after processing in diabetes in vivo models, and then compared the effect of mulberry leaves before and after processing in resisting hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia damage in in vitro models. The results showed that honey, as an additive, not only improves the dissolution of mulberry leaves, but in diabetes models also increases the utilisation of some components. In an in vitro model, honey mulberry leaves could significantly reduce the apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells. This demonstrated that the traditional processing method using honey as an additive could promote the anti-diabetic effect of mulberry tea. So far, this is the first research report on the quality and role of honey as an additive in mulberry leaf processing.Abbreviations: ML: mulberry leaves; HML: honey mulberry leaves; QC: quality control; HQC: high quality control sample; LLOQ: lower limit of quantification; LQC: low-quality control sample; MQC: medium-quality control sample; MRM: multiple reaction monitoring; STZ: streptozotocin.

12.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308944

RESUMO

The hyperglycemic environment and the presence of bacterial infections delay the healing of diabetic wounds. Herein, glucose oxidase (GOx) and Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag3PO4 were embedded in a polyacrylic acid-calcium phosphate (PAA-CaPs@Nps@GOx) hydrogel through an in situ biomimetic mineralization approach. The GOx encapsulation efficiency was 96.75% and exhibited exceptional enzyme activity stability. Moreover, the co-immobilization of GOx and Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag3PO4 nanoparticles generated a simple and multifunctional antibacterial platform with the advantages of decreasing blood glucose concentration and efficiently producing reactive oxygen species (ROS). In addition, the degradation rate of the hydrogel was controlled by regulating the concentration of phosphate thus controlling the release of Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag3PO4 and GOx. As a result, both the potential toxicity and oxidative stress associated with the antimicrobial biomaterial can be controlled within the body therefore potentially preventing detriment. In vivo results indicated that the PAA-CaPs@Nps@GOx hydrogel effectively promoted diabetic wound healing and showed great potential for clinical applications of chronic wound management.

13.
Curr Opin Immunol ; 70: 129-137, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242927

RESUMO

In addition to their role as antibody producing cells, B cells make a critical contribution to adaptive immune responses by functioning as professional antigen-presenting cells (APC). Distinctive features of B cells as APC include the expression of the B cell receptor (BCR) for antigen and regulated expression of HLA-DO. Here, we discuss recent progress in investigation of B cells as APC. We start with an update on the canonical MHC class II antigen presentation pathway in B cells and alternative pathways, including generation of extracellular vesicles. Turning to APC function, we highlight the roles of B cells as thymic APC, as APC for T follicular helper (TFH), as APC for CD4 memory T cells and as presenters of idiotypic BCR determinants. We also note recent examples that link B cell Ag-presentation to disease. Emerging evidence indicates that, in addition to unique features of B cells compared to other professional APC, there is appreciable heterogeneity among B cells, arising from, for example, B cell activation state or the microenvironment.

14.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 908: 174324, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246650

RESUMO

Alcoholic fatty liver (AFL) is a disease characterized by the abnormal structure and dysfunction of hepatocytes caused by long-term, excessive drinking. Acetaminophen (APAP) is a commonly used painkiller, but it can aggravate lipid deposition in the liver and cause liver injury when used in fatty liver disease. Here, we investigated the effect of caveolin-1 (CAV-1), an intracellular stent protein, on the pathogenesis of APAP aggravated lipid deposition in AFL mice. This study shows that lipid accumulation was more severe in APAP groups than in alcohol-treated mice. The CAV-1 stent-like domain (CSD, 82-101 amino acids of caveolin-1), used to upregulate CAV-1 expression, could reduce lipid accumulation and activate autophagy in AFL mice treated with APAP. The levels of CAV-1 and autophagy-related proteins (LC3-II/I and Beclin-1) had decreased, whereas SREBP-1c had increased in A/O (alcohol and oleic acid) and APAP-co-treated L02 cells. CAV-1 small interfering RNA and CAV1-overexpressing plasmid were separately transfected into A/O and APAP co-treated L02 cells. When CAV-1 was downregulated, the levels of Pink-1, Parkin, and autophagy-related proteins (LC3-II/I and Beclin-1) were decreased, whereas SREBP-1c was increased. The opposite trend was observed when CAV-1 was overexpressed. The results show that CAV-1 reduced lipid accumulation in L02 cells and activated Pink-1/Parkin-related mitophagy. This study highlights the positive role of CAV-1 in APAP-increased lipid accumulation under the AFL status and provides a new understanding of the function of CAV-1 in the liver through mitophagy associated with the Pink-1/Parkin pathway.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265440

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present a procedure to reduce the occurrence of intraoperative capsule rupture in presumed clinically early-stage ovarian cancer with adhesions to the abdominal wall. DESIGN: Stepwise presentation of the procedure with narrated video footage. SETTING: The occurrence of intraoperative capsule rupture exerts a negative effect on the prognosis of early-stage ovarian cancer [1,2]. Thus, it is important to reduce intraoperative capsule rupture to improve the oncologic outcome of such patients. In this video we describe a laparoscopic procedure to minimize the risk of intraoperative capsule rupture in presumed clinically early-stage ovarian cancer with adhesions to the abdominal wall. A 52-year-old woman was referred from a local clinic for a 6 × 6 × 4-cm left ovarian mass and a 7 × 6 × 6-cm right ovarian mass. Her serum cancer antigen 125 level was 214.4U/mL. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomographic/computed tomographic imaging showed no evidence of metastatic diseases or lymph node involvement. A diagnosis of ovarian malignancy was suspected. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic evaluation suggested that the right adnexa was adhered to the right abdominal wall and there was no evidence of tumor seeding in the peritoneal cavity. We collected the peritoneal lavage fluid. Since pelvic adhesiolysis between the right adnexa and the abdominal wall may increase the occurrence of intraoperative capsule rupture of the ovarian tumor, leading to a worse clinical outcome, we decided to remove both the right adnexa as well as the adhered peritoneum. The key steps of the procedure are summarized as follows. First, the utero-ovarian ligament and tubal isthmus were coagulated and excised. Second, the pelvic peritoneum was excised, and the infundibulo-pelvic ligament and ureter were identified and mobilized. Third, the infundibulo-pelvic ligament was coagulated and excised. Fourth, the pelvic peritoneum which was adhered to the right adnexa was dissected off the ureter and excised. Then, the resected right adnexa as well as the adhered peritoneum were collected in a disposable pocket and removed to avoid further contamination. Adenocarcinoma was diagnosed by frozen section evaluation. So, surgical staging was performed laparoscopically, and consisted of hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection, omentectomy, and random peritoneal biopsies from the pelvis, paracolic gutters, and undersurfaces of the diaphragm. Final pathologic reports showed ovarian clear cell carcinoma with involvement of both ovaries and the adhered peritoneum. CONCLUSION: Our method is effective for intact removal of the involved adnexa without rupture and the adhered pelvic peritoneum with potential for tumor seeding.

16.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 7076-7084, 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292751

RESUMO

Because they are safer and less costly than state-of-the-art Li-ion batteries, aqueous zinc-ion batteries (AZIBs) have been attracting more attention in stationary energy storage and industrial energy storage. However, the electrochemical reaction of H+ in all of the cathode materials of AZIBs has been puzzling until now. Herein, highly oriented VO2 monocrystals grown on a Ti current collector (VO2-Ti) were rationally designed as the research model, and such a well-aligned VO2 cathode also displayed excellent zinc-ion storage capability (e.g., a reversible capacity of 148.4 mAh/g at a current density of 2 A/g). To visualize the H+ reaction process, we used time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry. With the benefit of such a binder-free and conductor-free electrode design, a clear and intuitive reaction of H+ in a VO2 cathode is obtained, which is quite significant for unraveling the accurate reaction mechanism of VO2 in AZIBs.

17.
Genet Epidemiol ; 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245595

RESUMO

Recently polygenetic risk score (PRS) has been successfully used in the risk prediction of complex human diseases. Many studies incorporated internal information, such as effect size distribution, or external information, such as linkage disequilibrium, functional annotation, and pleiotropy among multiple diseases, to optimize the performance of PRS. To leverage on multiomics datasets, we developed a novel flexible transcriptional risk score (TRS), in which messenger RNA expression levels were imputed and weighted for risk prediction. In simulation studies, we demonstrated that single-tissue TRS has greater prediction power than LDpred, especially when there is a large effect of gene expression on the phenotype. Multitissue TRS improves prediction accuracy when there are multiple tissues with independent contributions to disease risk. We applied our method to complex traits, including Crohn's disease, type 2 diabetes, and so on. The single-tissue TRS method outperformed LDpred and AnnoPred across the tested traits. The performance of multitissue TRS is trait-dependent. Moreover, our method can easily incorporate information from epigenomic and proteomic data upon the availability of reference datasets.

18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 2241-2248, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212630

RESUMO

We explored the sample collection and DNA extraction method of environmental DNA (eDNA) technique. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used to detect the eDNA concentration of the four major Chinese carps in different water layers and different cross-sections of Yichang section of Yangtze River trunk stream. We analyzed the relationship between eDNA concentration and density of egg and fry, and explored the feasibility of using eDNA technique to monitor the natural reproduction of the four major Chinese carps. Compared with the results from traditional survey methods, the eDNA concentration of the four major Chinese carps was extremely significantly correlated with egg and fry density. The maximum concentration was consistent with the peak occurrence time of egg and fry, suggesting that eDNA technique could predict the fishcrowd behavior for spawning. The investigation of cross-section eDNA concentration during two consecutive years suggested that the range of fish spawning ground was 4.5 km upstream to 1 km downstream of Yuyangxi. The predicted spawning ground was located within the range estimated by traditional methods from the lower part of Carmine Dam to Honghua Tuo. Our results indicate that eDNA technique, as a new ecological investigation method, could more accurately determine the distribution of fish with a certain population size, and thus with a good application prospect.


Assuntos
Carpas , DNA Ambiental , Animais , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Reprodução , Tecnologia
19.
J Neurol ; 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218292

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the ability of MRI radiomics features-based machine learning (ML) models to classify the time since stroke onset (TSS), which could aid in stroke assessment and treatment options. METHODS: This study involved 84 patients with acute ischemic stroke due to anterior circulation artery occlusion (51 in the training cohort and 33 in the independent test cohort). Region of infarct segmentation was manually outlined by 3D-slicer software. Image processing including registration, normalization and radiomics features calculation were done in R (version 3.6.1). A total of 4312 radiomic features from each image sequence were captured and used in six ML models to estimate stroke onset time for binary classification (≤ 4.5 h). Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) and other parameters were calculated to evaluate the performance of the models in both training and test cohorts. RESULTS: Twelve radiomics and six clinic features were selected to construct the ML models for TSS classification. The deep learning model-based DWI/ADC radiomic features performed the best for binary TSS classification in the independent test cohort, with an AUC of 0.754, accuracy of 0.788, sensitivity of 0.952, specificity of 0.500, positive predictive value of 0.769, and negative predictive value of 0.857, respectively. Furthermore, adding clinical information did not improve the performance of the DWI/ADC-based deep learning model. The TSS prediction models can be visited at: http://123.57.65.199:3838/deeptss/ . CONCLUSIONS: A unique deep learning model based on DWI/ADC radiomic features was constructed for TSS classification, which could aid in decision making for thrombolysis in patients with unknown stroke onset.

20.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 9963534, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239622

RESUMO

Increasing evidence suggests that gasdermin D (GSDMD) mediated pyroptosis signaling pathways play a vital role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Jiangzhi Ligan Decoction (JZLGD) has been verified to prevent NAFLD, but its specific mechanism has not been determined. In this study, an NAFLD model was established in Sprague-Dawley rats by a high-fat diet (HFD). After 12 weeks, JZLGD was orally administered once a day for 6 additional weeks. We investigated the effects of JZLGD on NAFLD rats and determined the GSDMD pathway-associated proteins to explore whether such effects were associated with pyroptosis. Our data show that JZLGD significantly reduced the liver index; improved serum lipid levels, liver function parameters, and lipid droplet content; and relieved NAFLD. We further found that the serum levels of the proinflammatory factors interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-18, tumor necrosis factor-α, and IL-6 were obviously decreased in the JZLGD group. HFD rats treated with GSDMD exhibited NLRP3, caspase-1, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and caspase-11 activation; however, these effects were blunted by JZLGD treatment. Taken together, JZLGD may exert hepatoprotective effects against NAFLD in a rat HFD model by regulating GSDMD-mediated canonical/noncanonical pyroptosis pathways.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...