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1.
J Clin Med ; 13(7)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610868

RESUMO

The KRAS proto-oncogene is a major driver of pancreatic tumorigenesis and is nearly ubiquitously mutated in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). KRAS point mutations are detected in over 90% of PDAC cases, and these mutations have been shown to be associated with worse therapy response and overall survival. Pathogenic KRAS mutations are mostly limited to codons 12, 13 and 61, with G12D, G12V, G12R, Q61H, and G13D accounting for approximately 95% of the mutant cases. Emerging data have shown the importance of specific mutant subtypes, as well as KRAS variant allele frequency on clinical prognosis. Furthermore, novel technologies and therapies are being developed to target specific mutant subtypes, with encouraging early results. In this paper, we aim to review the recent studies regarding the relative impact of specific mutant KRAS subtypes on oncologic outcomes, the application of variant allele frequency in next generation sequencing analyses, and the ongoing research into therapies targeting specific mutant KRAS subtypes.

2.
Anal Chem ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607805

RESUMO

Single particle collision is an important tool for size analysis at the individual particle level; however, due to complex dynamic behaviors of nanoparticles on the surface of an electrode, the accuracy of size discrimination is limited. A silver (Ag) nanoparticle (NP) was chosen as the research target, and the dynamic behavior of Ag NPs was simplified by enhancing adsorption between Ag NP and Au ultramicroelectrode (UME) in alkaline media. Immediately after, accurate dynamic and thermodynamic information on single Ag NP was accurately extracted from collision events, including current intensity, transferred charge, and duration time. On the basis that there were differences between parameters of different-sized Ag NPs, multiparameter size discrimination was proposed, which improved the accuracy compared to single-parameter discrimination. More intriguingly, multiparameter analysis was combined with artificial intelligence, a tool adept at processing multidimensional data, for the first time. Finally, artificial intelligence-assisted multiparameter size discrimination was successfully used to intelligently distinguish mixed Ag NPs, with an optimal accuracy of more than 95%. To sum up, the artificial intelligence-assisted multiparameter method showed an excellent ability to quickly achieve the most accurate size discrimination of nanoparticles at the level of individual particle and provide an effective guidance for the application of nanoparticles.

3.
Nature ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632402

RESUMO

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) protects the central nervous system from infections or harmful substances1; its impairment can lead to or exacerbate various diseases of the central nervous system2-4. However, the mechanisms of BBB disruption during infection and inflammatory conditions5,6 remain poorly defined. Here we find that activation of the pore-forming protein GSDMD by the cytosolic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) sensor caspase-11 (refs. 7-9), but not by TLR4-induced cytokines, mediates BBB breakdown in response to circulating LPS or during LPS-induced sepsis. Mice deficient in the LBP-CD14 LPS transfer and internalization pathway10-12 resist BBB disruption. Single-cell RNA-sequencing analysis reveals that brain endothelial cells (bECs), which express high levels of GSDMD, have a prominent response to circulating LPS. LPS acting on bECs primes Casp11 and Cd14 expression and induces GSDMD-mediated plasma membrane permeabilization and pyroptosis in vitro and in mice. Electron microscopy shows that this features ultrastructural changes in the disrupted BBB, including pyroptotic endothelia, abnormal appearance of tight junctions and vasculature detachment from the basement membrane. Comprehensive mouse genetic analyses, combined with a bEC-targeting adeno-associated virus system, establish that GSDMD activation in bECs underlies BBB disruption by LPS. Delivery of active GSDMD into bECs bypasses LPS stimulation and opens the BBB. In CASP4-humanized mice, Gram-negative Klebsiella pneumoniae infection disrupts the BBB; this is blocked by expression of a GSDMD-neutralizing nanobody in bECs. Our findings outline a mechanism for inflammatory BBB breakdown, and suggest potential therapies for diseases of the central nervous system associated with BBB impairment.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(15): 8460-8475, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564364

RESUMO

Liver injury and progressive liver failure are severe life-threatening complications in sepsis, further worsening the disease and leading to death. Macrophages and their mediated inflammatory cytokine storm are critical regulators in the occurrence and progression of liver injury in sepsis, for which effective treatments are still lacking. l-Ascorbic acid 6-palmitate (L-AP), a food additive, can inhibit neuroinflammation by modulating the phenotype of the microglia, but its pharmacological action in septic liver damage has not been fully explored. We aimed to investigate L-AP's antisepticemia action and the possible pharmacological mechanisms in attenuating septic liver damage by modulating macrophage function. We observed that L-AP treatment significantly increased survival in cecal ligation and puncture-induced WT mice and attenuated hepatic inflammatory injury, including the histopathology of the liver tissues, hepatocyte apoptosis, and the liver enzyme levels in plasma, which were comparable to NLRP3-deficiency in septic mice. L-AP supplementation significantly attenuated the excessive inflammatory response in hepatic tissues of septic mice in vivo and in cultured macrophages challenged by both LPS and ATP in vitro, by reducing the levels of NLRP3, pro-IL-1ß, and pro-IL-18 mRNA expression, as well as the levels of proteins for p-I-κB-α, p-NF-κB-p65, NLRP3, cleaved-caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18. Additionally, it impaired the inflammasome ASC spot activation and reduced the inflammatory factor contents, including IL-1ß and IL-18 in plasma/cultured superannuants. It also prevented the infiltration/migration of macrophages and their M1-like inflammatory polarization while improving their M2-like polarization. Overall, our findings revealed that L-AP protected against sepsis by reducing macrophage activation and inflammatory cytokine production by suppressing their activation in NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome signal pathways in septic liver.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Sepse , Camundongos , Animais , Inflamassomos/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Caspase 1/genética , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Interleucina-18 , Ativação de Macrófagos , Transdução de Sinais , Fígado/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia
5.
Talanta ; 274: 126018, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593645

RESUMO

Colorectum cancer has become one of the most fatal cancer diseases, in which NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) plays a role in intracellular free radical reduction and detoxification and has been linked to colorectum cancer and chemotherapy resistance. Therefore, rational design of optical probe for NQO1 detection is urgent for the early diagnosis of colorectum cancer. Herein, we have developed a novel two-photon fluorescent probe, WHFD, which is capable of selectively detecting of intracellular NQO1 with two-photon (TP) absorption (800 nm) and near-infrared emission (620 nm). Combination with a substantial Stokes shift (175 nm) and biocompatibility, we have assessed its suitability for in vivo imaging of endogenous NQO1 activities from HepG2 tumor-bearing live animals with high tissue penetration up to 300 µm. Particularly, we for the first time used the probe to image NQO1 activities from human colorectum cancer samples by using TP microscopy, and proving our probe possesses reliable diagnostic performance to directly in situ imaging of cancer biomarker and can clearly distinguish the boundary between human colorectum cancer tissue and their surrounding normal tissue, which shows great potential for the intraoperative navigation.

6.
Genesis ; 62(2): e23592, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587195

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from fetal membranes (FMs) have the potential to exhibit immunosuppression, improve blood flow, and increase capillary density during transplantation. In the field of medicine, opening up new avenues for disease treatment. Chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), as an important component of avian species FM structure, has become a stable tissue engineering material in vivo angiogenesis, drug delivery, and toxicology studies. Although it has been confirmed that chorionic mesenchymal stem cells (Ch-MSCs) can be isolated from the outer chorionic layer of FM, little is known about the biological characteristics of MSCs derived from chorionic mesodermal matrix of chicken embryos. Therefore, we evaluated the characteristics of MSCs isolated from chorionic tissues of chicken embryos, including cell proliferation ability, stem cell surface antigen, genetic stability, and in vitro differentiation potential. Ch-MSCs exhibited a broad spindle shaped appearance and could stably maintain diploid karyotype proliferation to passage 15 in vitro. Spindle cells were positive for multifunctional markers of MSCs (CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105, CD166, OCT4, and NANOG), while hematopoietic cell surface marker CD34, panleukocyte marker CD45, and epithelial cell marker CK19 were negative. In addition, chicken Ch-MSC was induced to differentiate into four types of mesodermal cells in vitro, including osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, and myoblasts. Therefore, the differentiation potential of chicken Ch-MSC in vitro may have great potential in tissue engineering. In conclusion, chicken Ch-MSCs may be an excellent model cell for stem cell regenerative medicine and chorionic tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Membrana Corioalantoide , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas
7.
Environ Sci Ecotechnol ; 20: 100404, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585198

RESUMO

Climate change and anthropogenic activities are reshaping dryland ecosystems globally at an unprecedented pace, jeopardizing their stability. The stability of these ecosystems is crucial for maintaining ecological balance and supporting local communities. Yet, the mechanisms governing their stability are poorly understood, largely due to the scarcity of comprehensive field data. Here we show the patterns of community temporal stability and its determinants across an aridity spectrum by integrating a transect survey across China's drylands with remote sensing. Our results revealed a U-shaped relationship between community temporal stability and aridity, with a pivotal shift occurring around an aridity level of 0.88. In less arid areas (aridity level below 0.88), enhanced precipitation and biodiversity were associated with increased community productivity and stability. Conversely, in more arid zones (aridity level above 0.88), elevated soil organic carbon and biodiversity were linked to greater fluctuations in community productivity and reduced stability. Our study identifies a critical aridity threshold that precipitates significant changes in community stability in China's drylands, underscoring the importance of distinct mechanisms driving ecosystem stability in varying aridity contexts. These insights are pivotal for developing informed ecosystem management and policy strategies tailored to the unique challenges of dryland conservation.

8.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 23(4): 497-511, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk of hemorrhage associated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICIs) and characterize its clinical features. METHODS: We systematically reviewed randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of hemorrhage related to ICIs and calculated odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Pharmacovigilance studies were conducted by collecting ICIs-related hemorrhage cases from the FAERS database and assessing disproportionalities by reporting odds ratios (RORs) and information components (ICs). RESULTS: A total of 79 RCTs involving 45,100 patients were finally included in the systematic review, with four published RCTs (n = 1965) and 75 unpublished RCTs (n = 43135). The primary analysis showed no significant difference in ICIs compared to the control group (OR 1.18 [95% CI 1.00-1.38], p = 0.05). In subgroup analyses, anti-PD-L1 combined with anti-CTLA-4 increased the risk of hemorrhage (OR 1.95, p = 0.03), and anti-CTLA-4 increased the risk of hemorrhage in the gastrointestinal system (OR 2.23, p = 0.04). 3555 cases of hemorrhage from the FAERS database were included in the disproportionate analysis, and the result suggested that ICIs increased the risk of hemorrhage (IC025 = 0.23). CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that ICIs increase the risk of hemorrhage, and in particular, anti-CTLA-4 significantly increases the risk of hemorrhage in the gastrointestinal system.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Farmacovigilância , Humanos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Antígeno CTLA-4 , Hemorragia
9.
Analyst ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618891

RESUMO

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a class of hydrolase that catalyzes the dephosphorylation of phosphorylated species in biological tissues, playing an important role in many physiological and pathological processes. Sensitive imaging of ALP activity in living cells is contributory to the research on these processes. Herein, we propose an acid-responsive DNA hydrogel to deliver a cascaded enzymatic nucleic acid amplification system into cells for the sensitive imaging of intracellular ALP activity. The DNA hydrogel is formed by two kinds of Y-shaped DNA monomers and acid-responsive cytosine-rich linkers. The amplification system contained Bst DNA polymerase (Bst DP), Nt.BbvCI endonuclease, a Recognition Probe (RP, containing a DNAzyme sequence, a Nt.BbvCI recognition sequence, and a phosphate group at the 3'-end), and a Signal Probe (SP, containing a cleavage site for DNAzyme, Cy3 and BHQ2 at the two ends). The amplification system was trapped into the DNA hydrogel and taken up by cells, and the cytosine-rich linkers folded into a quadruplex i-motif in the acidic lysosomes, leading to the collapse of the hydrogel and releasing the amplification system. The phosphate groups on RPs were recognized and removed by the target ALP, triggering a polymerization-nicking cycle to produce large numbers of DNAzyme sequences, which then cleaved multiple SPs, restoring Cy3 fluorescence to indicate the ALP activity. This strategy achieved sensitive imaging of ALP in living HeLa, MCF-7, and NCM460 cells, and realized the sensitive detection of ALP in vitro with a detection limit of 2.0 × 10-5 U mL-1, providing a potential tool for the research of ALP-related physiological and pathological processes.

10.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 17: 1621-1634, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616991

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of sarcopenia on the 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: This study included the clinical, laboratory, and body composition data of 1491 patients with T2DM who were admitted to the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism at Tianjin Union Medical Center from July 2018 to July 2023. The China-PAR model was utilized to evaluate cardiovascular disease risk. Associations between ASCVD risk and various clinical parameters were analyzed, and the relationship between body composition parameters and ASCVD risk was assessed using logistic regression. Results: The analysis revealed that T2DM patients with sarcopenia had a higher 10-year ASCVD risk compared to those without sarcopenia, with reduced muscle mass independently predicting an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This association was significant among female T2DM patients, while male T2DM patients with sarcopenia showed a marginally higher median ASCVD risk compared to their non-sarcopenic counterparts. ASCVD risk inversely correlated with body muscle parameters and positively correlated with fat content parameters. Specifically, height- and weight-adjusted fat mass (FM, FM%, FMI) were identified as risk factors for ASCVD. Conversely, muscle parameters adjusted for weight and fat (ASM%, SMM%, FFM%, ASM/FM, SMM/FM, FMM/FM) were protective against ASCVD risk. These findings highlight the critical role of sarcopenia in influencing cardiovascular disease risk among Chinese patients with T2DM, as predicted by the China-PAR model. Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of sarcopenia in T2DM patients, not only as an indicator of ASCVD risk, but possibly as an independent risk factor in this demographics.

11.
Trials ; 25(1): 254, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Research to date has lacked definitive evidence to determine whether mirror therapy promotes the recovery of upper extremity function after stroke. Considering that previous studies did not stratify patients based on structural retention, this may be one of the reasons for the negative results obtained in many trials. The goal evaluates the efficacy of TBMT (utilizing an innovatively designed mirror) versus standard occupational therapy for stroke patient's upper limb functionality. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This single-center randomized controlled trial will involve 50 patients with stroke. All patients will be randomly assigned to either the task-based mirror therapy or the control group. The interventions will be performed 5 days per week for 4 weeks. The primary outcomes will be the mean change in scores on both the FMA-UE and modified Barthel Index (MBI) from baseline to 4 weeks intervention and at 12 weeks follow-up between the two groups and within groups. The other outcomes will include the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT), the Nine Hole Peg Test (9HPT), the Functional Independence Measure, and MRI. DISCUSSION: This trial will not only to establish that task-based mirror therapy (TBMT) could improve the recovery of hand function after stroke but also to explore the underlying mechanisms. We expect that this finding will clarify the brain activation and brain network mechanisms underlying the improvement of hand function with task-oriented mirror therapy and lead to new ideas for stroke hand function rehabilitation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.chictr.org.cn ; Unique identifier: ChiCTR2300068855. Registered on March 1, 2023.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Terapia de Espelho de Movimento , Hemiplegia/diagnóstico , Hemiplegia/etiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Extremidade Superior , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1023, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to examine how moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) affects the severity of depression symptoms among Chinese college students. Additionally, it seeks to analyze the mediating mechanisms involving self-rated health and general self-efficacy. METHODS: The study utilized data from the 2023 Chinese College Health Tracking Survey and employed multiple linear regression and structural equation modeling techniques to investigate the impacts of MVPA on depression levels and its underlying mediating mechanisms among college students. The primary cohort comprised 49,717 enrolled college students from 106 universities in China. RESULTS: A total of 41,620 valid questionnaires were collected (response rate: 83.7%), with females accounting for 58.6%. In the past month, approximately 30.2% of college students engaged in MVPA. Self-rated health (B = - 0.282, P < 0.001) and general self-efficacy (B = - 0.133, P < 0.001) significantly influenced college students' depression scores. Even after controlling for other variables, participating in MVPA remained significantly associated with reduced depression scores (B = - 0.062, P = 0.002). The results of the structural equation model showed that MVPA not only directly decreased college students' depression scores but also indirectly reduced the likelihood of depression occurrence by improving their physical health status and general self-efficacy. CONCLUSION: The lack of physical activity among Chinese college students is evident. Engaging in MVPA can reduce the likelihood of depression among college students. MVPA achieves this reduction by enhancing college students' general self-efficacy and improving their physical health. The factors influencing depression levels among college students are multifaceted. For future interventions targeting college students' mental health, comprehensive approaches that incorporate behavioral and psychological factors should be emphasized.


Assuntos
Depressão , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Universidades , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Estudantes
13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 263, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In agricultural production, fungal diseases significantly impact the yield and quality of cotton (Gossypium spp.) with Verticillium wilt posing a particularly severe threat. RESULTS: This study is focused on investigating the effectiveness of endophytic microbial communities present in the seeds of disease-resistant cotton genotypes in the control of cotton Verticillium wilt. The technique of 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) amplicon sequencing identified a significant enrichment of the Bacillus genus in the resistant genotype Xinluzao 78, which differed from the endophytic bacterial community structure in the susceptible genotype Xinluzao 63. Specific enriched strains were isolated and screened from the seeds of Xinluzao 78 to further explore the biological functions of seed endophytes. A synthetic microbial community (SynCom) was constructed using the broken-rod model, and seeds of the susceptible genotype Xinluzao 63 in this community that had been soaked with the SynCom were found to significantly control the occurrence of Verticillium wilt and regulate the growth of cotton plants. Antibiotic screening techniques were used to preliminarily identify the colonization of strains in the community. These techniques revealed that the strains can colonize plant tissues and occupy ecological niches in cotton tissues through a priority effect, which prevents infection by pathogens. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the key role of seed endophytes in driving plant disease defense and provides a theoretical basis for the future application of SynComs in agriculture.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Verticillium , Verticillium/fisiologia , Gossypium/genética , Gossypium/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Bactérias/genética , Sementes/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Resistência à Doença/genética
14.
Cancer Med ; 13(7): e7175, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combination of chidamide and anti-PD-L1 inhibitor produce synergistic anti-tumor effect in advanced NSCLC patients resistant to anti-PD-1 treatment. However, the effect of chidamide plus envafolimab has not been reported. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of chidamide plus envafolimab in advanced NSCLC patients resistant toanti-PD-1 treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible advanced NSCLC patients after resistant to anti-PD-1 therapy received chidamide and envafolimab. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR). The secondary end points included disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and safety. The expression of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2), PD-L1, and blood TMB (bTMB) was also analyzed. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 8.1 (range: 7.6-9.2) months, only two patients achieved partial response. The ORR was 6.7% (2/30), DCR was 50% (15/30), and median PFS (mPFS) was 3.5 (95% confidence interval: 1.9-5.5) months. Biomarker analysis revealed that patients with high-level HDAC2 expression had numerically superior ORR (4.3% vs. 0), DCR (52.2% vs. 0) and mPFS (3.7 vs. 1.4m). Patients with negative PD-L1 had numerically superior DCR (52.2% vs. 33.3%) and mPFS (3.7m vs. 1.8m), so were those with low-level bTMB (DCR: 59.1% vs. 16.7%, mPFS: 3.8 vs.1.9m). Overall safety was controllable. DISCUSSION: High HDAC2patients showed better ORR, DCR, and PFS. In addition, patient with negative PD-L1 and low-level bTMB had better DCR and PFS. This may be related to the epigenetic function of chidamide. However, the sample size was not big enough, so it is necessary to increase sample size to confirm the conclusion. CONCLUSION: Combination of chidamide and envafolimab showed efficacy signals in certain NSCLC patients. But further identification of beneficial population is necessary for precision treatment.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Benzamidas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores
15.
Immunity ; 57(4): 752-771, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599169

RESUMO

Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) are endogenous danger molecules produced in cellular damage or stress, and they can activate the innate immune system. DAMPs contain multiple types of molecules, including nucleic acids, proteins, ions, glycans, and metabolites. Although these endogenous molecules do not trigger immune response under steady-state condition, they may undergo changes in distribution, physical or chemical property, or concentration upon cellular damage or stress, and then they become DAMPs that can be sensed by innate immune receptors to induce inflammatory response. Thus, DAMPs play an important role in inflammation and inflammatory diseases. In this review, we summarize the conversion of homeostatic molecules into DAMPs; the diverse nature and classification, cellular origin, and sensing of DAMPs; and their role in inflammation and related diseases. Furthermore, we discuss the clinical strategies to treat DAMP-associated diseases via targeting DAMP-sensing receptors.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Receptores Imunológicos , Alarminas
16.
Int J Gen Med ; 17: 1213-1220, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562211

RESUMO

Background: Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is a potent pro-angiogenic molecule promoting the angiogenic phenotype of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Studies demonstrated that EGF rs3756261 polymorphism was associated with the risk of inflammatory diseases, but not including AS. Methods: To investigate the association between EGF rs3756261 polymorphism and the risk of AS, we genotyped the EGF rs3756261 polymorphism in 208 patients with AS and 412 controls in a Chinese Han population using a custom-by-design 48-Plex SNP scanTM Kit. The serum EGF levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 208 AS patients and 412 controls. Results: Our data indicated that EGF rs3756261 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of AS in the Chinese Han population. Stratified analyses indicated that the EGF rs3756261 polymorphism elevated the risk of AS among the males, smokers, drinkers and those aged <30 years. In addition, the EGF rs3756261 polymorphism was related to increased CRP and HLA-B27 levels in AS patients. Next, we found that the average serum levels of EGF were significantly higher in AS patients compared with controls. Meanwhile, EGF serum levels were significantly higher in AG genotype carriers when compared with AA genotype carriers in AS patients. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study indicated that EGF rs3756261 polymorphism was associated with the risk of AS and EGF serum levels in a Chinese Han population.

17.
ACR Open Rheumatol ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Black groups have increased prevalence and accelerated pathogenicity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) compared to other ethnic/racial groups. The microbiome and systemic microbial translocation are considered contributing factors to SLE disease pathogenesis. However, racial differences in the plasma microbiome and microbial translocation in lupus remain unknown. METHODS: In the current study, we investigated plasma levels of microbial translocation (lipopolysaccharide [LPS] and zonulin) and the plasma microbiome using microbial 16S RNA sequencing of Black and White patients with SLE and Black and White healthy controls. RESULTS: Plasma microbial translocation was increased in Black patients versus in White patients and in patients with SLE versus healthy controls regardless of race. Compared to sex, age, and disease status, race had the strongest association with plasma microbiome differences. Black groups (Black controls and Black patients) had lower α-diversity than White groups (White controls and White patients) and more distinct ß-diversity. Black and White patients demonstrated differences in plasma bacterial presence, including Staphylococcus and Burkholderia. Compared to White patients, Black patients had higher SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) scores and urinary protein levels as well as a trend for increased anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody levels consistent with the known increased severity of lupus in Black patients overall. Certain plasma bacteria at the genus level were identified that were associated with the SLEDAI score, urinary protein, and anti-dsDNA antibody levels. CONCLUSION: This study reveals racial differences in both quality and quantity of plasma microbial translocation and identified specific plasma microbiome differences associated with SLE disease pathogenesis. Thus, this study may provide new insights into future potential microbiome therapies on SLE pathogenesis.

18.
Chemistry ; : e202401079, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563628

RESUMO

The interactions between ether naphthotube and a series of dication guests in organic solution were investigated. It was found that ether naphthotube formed stable host-guest complexes selectively with these guests in a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio with association constants ranging from 102 to 106 M-1, which were confirmed by 1H-NMR spectra and ITC experiments. The host-guest interactions are driven by enthalpy change as the entropic factors are unfavorable. Positive correlations between ΔH and ΔS have been observed in the host-guest complexes. Furthermore, the para-substitution of the guests can significantly affect the binding affinities through a combination of field/inductive and resonance effects by following a linear free energy relationship. Based on the host-guest complexes composed of ether naphthotube and organic cations, two interlocked [2]rotaxanes were prepared by cationization reaction and Huisgen cycloaddition between the cations and the stopper components. The ether naphthotube-based host-guest complexes are useful for creating sophisticated interlocked molecules.

19.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568961

RESUMO

Ligand binding free energy simulations (LB-FES) that involve sampling of protein functional conformations have been longstanding challenges in research on molecular recognition. Particularly, modeling of the conformational transition pathway and design of the heuristic biasing mechanism are severe bottlenecks for the existing enhanced configurational sampling (ECS) methods. Inspired by the key role of hydration in regulating conformational dynamics of macromolecules, this report proposes a novel ECS approach that facilitates binding-associated structural dynamics by accelerated hydration transitions in combination with the λ-exchange of free energy perturbation (FEP). Two challenging protein-ligand binding processes involving large configurational transitions of the receptor are studied, with hydration transitions at binding sites accelerated by Hamiltonian-simulated annealing of the hydration layer. Without the need for pathway analysis or ad hoc barrier flattening potential, LB-FES were performed with FEP/λ-exchange molecular dynamics simulation at a minor overhead for annealing of the hydration layer. The LB-FES studies showed that the accelerated rehydration significantly enhances the collective conformational transitions of the receptor, and convergence of binding affinity calculations is obtained at a sweet-spot simulation time scale. Alchemical LB-FES with the proposed ECS strategy is free from the effort of trial and error for the setup and realizes efficient on-the-fly sampling for the collective functional response of the receptor and bound water and therefore presents a practical approach to high-throughput screening in drug discovery.

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