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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128310, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370946

RESUMO

Porous carbons are excellent sorbents for removing organic pollutants. Green conversion of biowaste into advanced porous carbons is crucial for industrialized production and practical applications, which, however, have rarely been investigated. This study develops a coassisted carbonization method for the preparation of porous carbons with the environmentally friendly agents HCOOK and (HCOO)2Ca for the first time. The bamboo waste-derived hydrochar was transformed into oxygen-doped porous carbons, which displayed a large surface area and pore volume, abundant oxygen content, graphene structure and many surface functional groups. These properties contributed to the extremely high sorption of large quantities of diethyl phthalate, which reached 761 mg g-1. Surface adsorption, including pore filling, hydrogen bonding, and π-π stacking, rather than partitioning, was the main sorption process. Therefore, this study provides a sustainable and promising route for the preparation of porous carbons that can be applied in the efficient removal of organic pollutants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Oxigênio , Porosidade , Carbono/química , Adsorção , Água/química
2.
JACC Asia ; 2(3): 235-243, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338398

RESUMO

Background: The time-velocity integral of the left ventricular outflow tract (TVILVOT) has been demonstrated to correlate with heart failure hospitalization and mortality, but the association of TVILVOT with the severity and prognosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has not been evaluated. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of baseline TVILVOT in PAH. Methods: A total of 225 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of incident PAH were prospectively studied and echocardiology-derived TVILVOT was measured at enrollment followed by right heart catheterization examination within 48 hours. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to assess the association between baseline variables and mortality. Results: During a median follow-up period of 33.8 months, 44 patients died of cardiovascular events. Baseline TVILVOT was significantly lower in the nonsurvivors compared with the survivors (P < 0.001). Baseline TVILVOT was positively correlated with stroke volume obtained by right heart catheterization (r = 0.709; P < 0.001), and inversely correlated with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (r = -0.533; P < 0.001), pulmonary vascular resistance (r = -0.423; P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that baseline TVILVOT (hazard ratio: 0.856; 95% CI: 0.780-0.941; P = 0.001) was an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in PAH. Patients with a baseline TVILVOT <17.1 cm (median value) had a significantly worse survival than those with a baseline TVILVOT ≥17.1 cm (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that noninvasive TVILVOT provides a practical method to assess the severity and predict long-term outcome of PAH.

3.
JACC Asia ; 2(3): 247-255, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338413

RESUMO

Background: The role of congenital thrombophilia in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) remains unresolved. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, genetic background, and clinical phenotype of congenital thrombophilia in CTEPH. Methods: In total, 367 patients with CTEPH from May 2013 to December 2020 were consecutively enrolled in this cross-sectional study in FuWai Hospital and Peking Union Medical College Hospital in China. The primary outcome was the occurrence of congenital thrombophilia diagnosed through tests for congenital anticoagulants activity (including protein C, protein S, and antithrombin III), factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A sequence variants. Next-generation sequencing was conducted for patients with congenital thrombophilia. Clinical phenotype was compared between patients with and without thrombophilia. Results: A total of 36 (9.8%; 95% CI: 6.8%-12.9%) patients were diagnosed as congenital thrombophilia, including 13 protein C deficiency (3.5%; 95% CI: 1.6%-5.4%), 19 protein S deficiency (5.2%; 95% CI: 2.9%-7.5%), and 4 antithrombin III deficiency (1.1%; 95% CI: 0%-2.2%). No factor V Leiden or prothrombin G20210A sequence variants were identified. Genotype for patients with thrombophilia revealed that 10 (76.9%) protein C deficiency patients were PROC sequence variant carriers, 4 (21.1%) protein S deficiency were PROS1 sequence variant carriers, and 2 (50.0%) antithrombin III deficiency were SERPINC1 sequence variant carriers. In the logistic regression model, male sex (OR: 3.24; 95% CI: 1.43-7.31) and proximal lesion in pulmonary arteries (OR: 4.10; 95% CI: 1.91-8.85) had significant differences between the congenital thrombophilia and nonthrombophilia group in CTEPH patients. Conclusions: Congenital thrombophilia was not rare. Male sex and proximal lesion in pulmonary arteries might be the specific clinical phenotype for CTEPH patients with congenital thrombophilia.

4.
Nutr Neurosci ; : 1-10, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384436

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Migraine is a highly prevalent headache disorder, and intake of various nutrients and special diets may improve migraine symptoms. We aimed to clarify the association between nutritional status and migraine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected the data of 1838/8953 (migraineurs/all participants) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 cycle. We used weighted multivariable linear or logistic regression analyses to study the association between the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and the occurrence of severe headache or migraine. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounding variables, we found that mild (PNI 45-50) or moderate to severe (PNI <45) malnutrition were associated with higher prevalence of severe headache or migraine (odds ratio [OR] 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-1.12, P = 0.004; OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.03-1.12, P < 0.001). In addition, we found that those with severe headache or migraine consumed less alcohol, dietary fiber, cholesterol, total folate, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin K, selenium, potassium, magnesium, and copper, and consumed more caffeine and theobromine than did those without severe headache or migraine. CONCLUSION: The PNI is associated with migraine prevalence, and may thus serve as a predictor of migraine risk and highlights the potential of nutrition-based strategies for migraine prevention and treatment.

5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354282

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) can enter plants through the foliar pathway and are potential hazards to ecosystems and human health. However, studies related to the molecular mechanisms underlying the impact of foliar exposure to differently charged MPs to leafy vegetables are limited. Because the surfaces of MPs in the environment are often charged, we explored the uptake pathways, accumulation concentration of MPs, physiological responses, and molecular mechanisms of lettuce foliarly exposed to MPs carrying positive (MP+) and negative charges (MP-). MPs largely accumulated in the lettuce leaves, and stomatal uptake and cuticle entry could be the main pathways for MPs to get inside lettuce leaves. More MP+ entered lettuce leaves and induced physiological, transcriptomic, and metabolomic changes, including a decrease in biomass and photosynthetic pigments, an increase in reactive oxygen species and antioxidant activities, a differential expression of genes, and a change of metabolite profiles. In particular, MP+ caused the upregulation of circadian rhythm-related genes, and this may play a major role in the greater physiological toxicity of MP+ to lettuce, compared to MP-. These findings provide direct evidence that MPs can enter plant leaves following foliar exposure and a molecular-scale perspective on the response of leafy vegetables to differently charged MPs.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417162

RESUMO

Recently, nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems have been widely used for the treatment, prevention, and detection of diseases. Improving the targeted delivery ability of nanoparticles has emerged as a critical issue that must be addressed as soon as possible. The bionic cell membrane coating technology has become a novel concept for the design of nanoparticles. The diverse biological roles of cell membrane surface proteins endow nanoparticles with several functions, such as immune escape, long circulation time, and targeted delivery; therefore, these proteins are being extensively studied in the fields of drug delivery, detoxification, and cancer treatment. Furthermore, hybrid cell membrane-coated nanoparticles enhance the beneficial effects of monotypic cell membranes, resulting in multifunctional and efficient delivery carriers. This review focuses on the synthesis, development, and application of the cell membrane coating technology and discusses the function and mechanism of monotypic/hybrid cell membrane-modified nanoparticles in detail. Moreover, it summarizes the applications of cell membranes from different sources and discusses the challenges that may be faced during the clinical application of bionic carriers, including their production, mechanism, and quality control. We hope this review will attract more scholars toward bionic cell membrane carriers and provide certain ideas and directions for solving the existing problems.

7.
Life Sci ; 311(Pt B): 121197, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36400201

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to examine the efficacy of sulforaphane (SFN) in preventing radiation-induced muscle fibrosis (RIMF) and the potential role in nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-mediated antioxidant stress. MAIN METHODS: The RIMF model was established by a single irradiation of the left thigh of C57BL/6 J mice, and the mice were then randomly divided into control, SFN, irradiation (IR), and IR + SFN (IR/SFN) groups. The serum and skeletal muscle were collected eight weeks after irradiation, and changes in oxidative stress and muscle fibrosis were detected. KEY FINDINGS: The IR group showed a more obvious skeletal muscle fiber atrophy, significantly higher number of collagen fibers, and higher inflammatory cell infiltration compared to control group. Compared to the IR group, the IR/SFN group had orderly arranged muscle fibers, decreased collagen fibers, and infiltration of inflammatory cells. In addition, compared with the control group, the expression of oxidative stress-related indexes was significantly increased, accompanied by activation of the transforming growth factor (TGF-ß)/Smad pathway and its downstream fibrogenic molecules in the skeletal muscle of the IR group. After SFN intervention, the above indices were significantly restored. Furthermore, SFN induced the upregulation of Nrf2, activation of AKT, and inhibition of GSK-3ß and Fyn accumulation. SIGNIFICANCE: These results revealed that Nrf2 plays a central role in protecting against RIMF. Furthermore, SFN prevents RIMF by activating Nrf2 via the AKT/GSK-3ß/Fyn pathway.

8.
Eye (Lond) ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the association between fibulin-1(FBLN1) and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). METHOD: The plasma FBLN1 levels were measured in 80 participants, including 30 active TAO patients, 25 inactive TAO patients, and 25 Graves disease (GD) patients without TAO using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: TAO patients had significantly higher TRAb level than GD patients (p < 0.05). The active TAO patients consumed more tobacco and had higher CAS than inactive TAO patients (all p < 0.05). No significant differences were found in age, sex, and the level of FT3, FT4, and TSH between TAO and GD patients, and between the active and inactive TAO patients (all p > 0.05). The plasma FBLN1 level in TAO patients was higher than that in GD patients, and that in active patients was higher than that in inactive patients (all p < 0.05). Furthermore, the plasma FBLN1 level showed strong association with clinical activity score (CAS) of TAO (r = 0.67, p < 0.01). By receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, FBLN1 demonstrated good efficiency for predicting disease activity at the cut-off value > 625.33 pg/ml with a sensitivity of 93.3% and a specificity of 88.0% (AUC:0.92, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The plasma FBLN1 levels correlated with TAO activity and a value >625.33 pg/ml was associated with active disease. Our results suggest that the plasma FBLN1 level could be a novel biomarker for predicting disease activity of TAO.

9.
Chemosphere ; : 137262, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36400195

RESUMO

Pyrolysis of agricultural waste into biochar for soil remediation is a useful solid waste management strategy. However, it is still unclear how different agricultural feedstocks affect the properties of biochars and their effectiveness in remediation of PBDE-contaminated soil. In this study, we systematically investigated dynamic alterations of soil properties, microbial communities, and PBDE dissipation and bioavailability induced by the application of biochars from manure (MBC) and straw (SBC) to PBDE-contaminated soil. The results showed that soil properties, microbial community structure, and diversity changed differently with the incorporation of the two biochars. MBC had a larger surface area (17.4 m2/g) and a higher nutrient content (45.1% ash content), making it more suitable for use as a soil additive to improve soil quality and nutrient conditions, as well as to stimulate microbial growth. SBC showed higher adsorption capacity for 2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl Ether (BDE-47) (26.73 ±â€¯0.65 mg/g), thus lowering the bioavailability and ecological risk of BDE-47 in soil. BDE-47 was stepwise debrominated into lower brominated PBDE by PBDE-degrading bacteria. MBC accelerated the debromination of BDE-47 (10.1%) by promoting PBDE-degrading microorganisms, while this was inhibited by SBC (3.5%) due to strong adsorption of BDE-47. In addition, we found that both types of biochar favored Nitrospirae bacteria and promoted N cycling. Overall, biochars from manure and straw can positively shape soil microbial communities differently by altering soil properties, soil fertility and nutrient availability, and the fate and the effects of contaminants, which ultimately led to a difference in the potential of biochars for their use in soil remediation.

10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 950921, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389781

RESUMO

The preferred treatment for lung cancer is surgical resection, but a large number of patients are not suitable for surgical resection in clinic. CT-guided cryoablation and immunotherapy can play an important role in patients with advanced lung cancer who are ineligible for surgery. CT-guided cryoablation has been widely used in the clinical treatment of lung tumors due to its advantages of less trauma, fewer complications, significant efficacy and rapid recovery. Cryoablation can not only cause tumor necrosis and apoptosis, but also promote the release of tumor-derived autoantigens into the blood circulation, and stimulate the host immune system to produce a good anti-tumor immune effect against primary and metastatic tumors. Since the study of immune checkpoint inhibitors has proved that lung cancer can be an immunotherapeutic response disease, the relationship between cryoablation and immunotherapy of lung cancer has been paid more attention. Therefore, we reviewed the literature on cryoablation for lung cancer, as well as the research progress of cryoablation combined with immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Criocirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Imunoterapia
11.
Nanoscale ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413063

RESUMO

LL-37, the only human host cathelicidin peptide, is proposed to be able to induce host cell apoptosis through mitochondrial membrane permeabilization (MMP). Detailed pathways of the LL-37-triggered MMP are however still disputed. It is generally believed that cationic peptides permeate a membrane mostly in conditions of micromolar peptide concentrations and negatively charged membranes, which are not usually satisfied in the mitochondrial circumstance. Herein, using a variety of single-molecule techniques, we show that nanomolar LL-37 specifically induces permeability of a phosphoethanolamine (PE)-rich biomimetic mitochondrial membrane in a protein-independent manner. The insertion dynamics of single LL-37 molecules exhibit different metastable states in bilayers composed of different lipids. Moreover, the PE lipids significantly facilitate adsorption and accumulation of LL-37 on the PE-rich bilayer, and produce deeper insertion of peptide oligomers, especially tetramers, into the bilayer. This work offers an alternative pathway of the LL-37-triggered MMP and apoptosis.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376170

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Numerous studies suggested methylation modifications play an important role in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), but few have depicted DNA methylation architecture on the pathological process of UTUC. We aimed to better understand the pathogenesis of UTUC and provide precision medicine references when managing UTUC patients. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Scopus were searched for UTUC until December 31, 2020. Methodological quality assessment was conducted according to NIH recommendations. Meta-analysis was conducted to assess the prognostic effect of methylated genes. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed to validate methylated genes and cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites. RESULTS: Eleven studies (3619 patients) were eligible to investigate 12 methylated genes and 10 CpGs. The quality of all the studies was fair to good. Meta-analysis found the pooled effect of eligible methylated genes had a low risk of tumor recurrence (HR = 0·67; 95% CI: 0·51-0·87; P = ·003), but a high risk of tumor progression (HR = 1·60; 95% CI: 1·17-2·18; P = ·003) and cancer-specific mortality (HR = 1·35; 95% CI: 1·06-1·72; P = ·01). For individual methylation status of GDF15, HSPA2, RASSF1A, TMEFF2, and VIM, the pooled effect of each gene was found pleiotropic on both diagnosis and prognosis. Survival analysis suggested higher methylation of SPARCL1 had a better disease-specific survival (P = ·048). CONCLUSION: We combined meta-analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis using the most updated evidence on the methylation of UTUC. Candidate biomarkers with essential diagnosis and prognosis function might provide precision medicine references for personalized therapies.

13.
J Control Release ; 352: 793-812, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343761

RESUMO

As a promising cancer treatment, photodynamic therapy (PDT) still achieved limited clinical success due to the severe hypoxia and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) over-expressed immunosuppression tumor microenvironment. At present, few methods have been proven to solve these two defects simply and effectively by a single drug or nano-system simultaneously. To ameliorate this situation, we designed and constructed MB@Bu@MnO2 nanoparticles with two-step oxygen regulation ability and PD-1/PD-L1 axis cascade-disruption capacity via a biomineralization method. In such a nanosystem, manganese dioxide albumin (MnO2@Alb) was used as the drug carrier, Butformin (Bu) as mitochondria-associated oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disruption agent with PD-L1 depression and oxygen reversion ability, and methylene blue (MB) as PDT drug with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibition capacity. Owing to the tumor-responsive capacity of MB@Bu@MnO2 nanoparticles, Bu and MB were selectively delivered and released in tumors. Then, the tumor hypoxia was dramatically reversed by Bu inhibited oxygen consumption, and MnO2 improved oxygen generation. Following this, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was enhanced by MB@Bu@MnO2 nanoparticles mediated PDT owing to the reversed tumor hypoxia. Furthermore, the immunosuppression microenvironment was also obviously reversed by MB@Bu@MnO2 nanoparticles enhanced immunogenic cell death (ICD) and PD-1/PD-L1 axis cascade-disruption, which then enhanced T cell infiltration and improved its tumor cell killing ability. Finally, the growth of solid tumors was significantly depressed by MB@Bu@MnO2 nanoparticles mediated PDT. All in all, this well-designed nanosystem could solve the defects of traditional PDT via PD-1/PD-L1 axis dual disruption and reversing tumor hypoxia by two-step oxygen regulation.

14.
Pancreas ; 51(7): 821-829, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Microarray datasets GSE3644, GSE65146, and GSE109227 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. Then, a comprehensive analysis of these genes was performed using Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis, protein-protein interaction network analysis, core gene correlation analysis, and transcription factor prediction. Finally, the differences in the expression of hub genes in human organs and survival analysis in pancreatic carcinoma were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 137 DEGs were screened, 128 genes were upregulated, and 9 genes were downregulated. Functional enrichment analysis demonstrated that these genes were mostly enriched in biological processes such as positive regulation of macroautophagy, cellular component such as focal adhesion, molecular function such as cadherin binding involved in cell-cell adhesion, and multiple pathways including tight junction. CDH1 and VCL were identified as hub DEGs, close interactions with MAZ, were expressed in human pancreas organs in various degrees. The high expression of CDH1 and VCL was significantly associated with poor prognosis in pancreatic carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: The core genes CDH1 and VCL may play a key role in AP through regulation by MAZ.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Pancreatite , Humanos , Pancreatite/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Doença Aguda , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
15.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 14: 17588359221138383, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425871

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has been used in the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC); however, most patients fail to achieve satisfactory survival benefits. Biomarkers with high specificity and sensitivity are being increasingly developed to predict the efficacy of CRC immunotherapy. In addition to DNA alteration markers, such as microsatellite instability/mismatch repair and tumor mutational burden, immune cell infiltration and immune checkpoints (ICs), epigenetic changes and no-coding RNA, and gut microbiomes all show potential predictive ability. Recently, the hypoxic tumor microenvironment (TME) has been identified as a key factor mediating CRC immune evasion and resistance to treatment. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α is the central transcription factor in the hypoxia response that drives the expression of a vast number of survival genes by binding to the hypoxia response element in cancer and immune cells in the TME. Hypoxia regulates angiogenesis, immune cell infiltration and activation, expression of ICs, and secretion of various immune molecules in the TME and is closely associated with the immunotherapeutic efficacy of CRC. Currently, various agents targeting hypoxia have been found to improve the TME and enhance the efficacy of immunotherapy. We reviewed current markers commonly used in CRC to predict therapeutic efficacy and the mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced angiogenesis and tumor immune evasion. Exploring the mechanisms by which hypoxia affects the TME will assist the discovery of new immunotherapeutic predictive biomarkers and development of more effective combinations of agents targeting hypoxia and immunotherapy.

16.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(22)2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36431369

RESUMO

Due to the low cost, light weight, semitransparency, good flexibility, and large manufacturing area of organic solar cells (OSCs), OSCs have the opportunity to become the next generation of solar cells in some specific applications. So far, the efficiency of the OSC device has been improved by more than 20%. The optical band gap between the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level and the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level is an important factor affecting the performance of the device. Selenophene, a derivative of aromatic pentacyclic thiophene, is easy to polarize, its LUMO energy level is very low, and hence the optical band gap can be reduced. In addition, the selenium atoms in selenophene and other oxygen atoms or sulfur atoms can form an intermolecular interaction, so as to improve the stacking order of the active layer blend film and improve the carrier transport efficiency. This paper introduces the organic solar active layer materials containing selenium benzene in recent years, which can be simply divided into donor materials and acceptor materials. Replacing sulfur atoms with selenium atoms in these materials can effectively reduce the corresponding optical band gap of materials, improve the mutual solubility of donor recipient materials, and ultimately improve the device efficiency. Therefore, the sulfur in thiophene can be completely replaced by selenium or oxygen of the same family, which can be used in the active layer materials of organic solar cells. This article mainly describes the application of selenium instead of sulfur in OSCs.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(22)2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36431418

RESUMO

In this work, CDs@Eu-UiO-66(COOH)2 (denoted as CDs-F2), a fluorescent material made up of carbon dots (CDs) and a Eu3+ functionalized metal-organic framework, has been designed and prepared via a post-synthetic modification method. The synthesized CDs-F2 presents dual emissions at 410 nm and 615 nm, which can effectively avoid environmental interference. CDs-F2 exhibits outstanding selectivity, great sensitivity, and good anti-interference for ratiometric sensing Cu2+ in water. The linear range is 0-200 µM and the limit of detection is 0.409 µM. Interestingly, the CDs-F2's silicon plate achieves rapid and selective detection of Cu2+. The change in fluorescence color can be observed by the naked eye. These results reveal that the CDs-F2 hybrid can be employed as a simple, rapid, and sensitive fluorescent probe to detect Cu2+. Moreover, the possible sensing mechanism of this dual-emission fluorescent probe is discussed in detail.

18.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(11)2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358574

RESUMO

Radiotherapy failure and poor tumor prognosis are primarily attributed to radioresistance. Improving the curative effect of radiotherapy and delaying cancer progression have become difficult problems for clinicians. Glucose metabolism has long been regarded as the main metabolic process by which tumor cells meet their bioenergetic and anabolic needs, with the complex interactions between the mitochondria and tumors being ignored. This misconception was not dispelled until the early 2000s; however, the cellular molecules and signaling pathways involved in radioresistance remain incompletely defined. In addition to being a key metabolic site that regulates tumorigenesis, mitochondria can influence the radiation effects of malignancies by controlling redox reactions, participating in oxidative phosphorylation, producing oncometabolites, and triggering apoptosis. Therefore, the mitochondria are promising targets for the development of novel anticancer drugs. In this review, we summarize the internal relationship and related mechanisms between mitochondrial metabolism and cancer radioresistance, thus exploring the possibility of targeting mitochondrial signaling pathways to reverse radiation insensitivity. We suggest that attention should be paid to the potential value of mitochondria in prolonging the survival of cancer patients.

19.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360159

RESUMO

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are widely used to improve soil nutrients and promote plant growth and health. However, the growth-promoting effect of a single PGPR on plants is limited. Here, we evaluated the effect of applying rhizobium Bradyrhizobium japonicum 5038 (R5038) and two PGPR strains, Bacillus aryabhattai MB35-5 (BA) and Paenibacillus mucilaginosus 3016 (PM), alone or in different combinations on the soil properties and rhizosphere bacterial community composition of soybean (Glycine max). Additionally, metagenomic sequencing was performed to elucidate the profile of functional genes. Inoculation with compound microbial inoculant containing R5038 and BA (RB) significantly improved nodule nitrogenase activity and increased soil nitrogen content, and urease activity increased the abundance of the nitrogen cycle genes and Betaproteobacteria and Chitinophagia in the rhizosphere. In the treatment of inoculant-containing R5038 and PM (RP), significant changes were found for the abundance of Deltaproteobacteria and Gemmatimonadetes and the phosphorus cycle genes, and soil available phosphorus and phosphatase activity were increased. The RBP inoculants composed of three strains (R5038, BA and PM) significantly affected soybean biomass and the N and P contents of the rhizosphere. Compared with RB and RP, RBP consistently increased soybean nitrogen content, and dry weight. Overall, these results showed that several PGPR with different functions could be combined into composite bacterial inoculants, which coordinately modulate the rhizosphere microbial community structure and improve soybean growth.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Bradyrhizobium , Paenibacillus , Bradyrhizobium/genética , Soja , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Solo/química , Paenibacillus/genética , Fósforo , Nitrogênio
20.
Front Surg ; 9: 992769, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406365

RESUMO

Background: Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are a common complication of cardiac surgery in elderly patients. The etiopathogenesis of PND is not clear. Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, a macromolecular protein complex, regulates inflammation by inducing the release of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-18. Studies have demonstrated a close link between the NLRP3 inflammasome and central nervous system diseases. Nevertheless, the involvement of NLRP3 inflammasome in the causation of PND occurring after cardiac surgery is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association of serum NLRP3 level with PND. Methods: We performed a retrospective study, enrolled 75 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery and evaluated their cognitive functions one day before and 7 days after surgery. PND were determined according to the International Study of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction studies. Demographics and perioperative parameters were recorded. Perioperative serum NLRP3 protein, IL-1ß, and IL-18 levels were monitored. Results: The PND incidence in our cohort was 33.33%. NLRP3 protein levels were significantly increased in all patients at each postoperative time-point after general anesthesia and cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients showing cognitive dysfunction had higher serum NLRP3 protein, caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18 levels immediately after the operation. Variables associated with the incidence of early PND were included in the regression models. After adjusting for confounding variables, high serum NLRP3 protein level at the end of the operation and old age were identified as independent predictors of PND. Conclusions: High serum NLRP3 protein level at the completion of cardiac surgery was associated with a higher risk of PND seven days after surgery. Trial registration: The study was registered at Clinicaltrials.gov (registration number: NCT04191642).

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