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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028263

RESUMO

Caloric restriction (CR) or Dietary restriction (DR) is known to improve health and in many cases increases lifespan. However, its negative effect on reproduction has not been fully studied. Practicing CR/DR without adequate knowledge on its side effect may risk complications such as infertility, birth defect, or malnutrition. In this study, by using several CR strategies in C. elegans, we examine key functions of reproduction including embryonic development and larvae growth. We find that CR significantly decreases the survival of embryos and slows the growth of the offspring. We further determine that defect in oocyte but not sperm is responsible for the compromised reproduction under CR. Interestingly, adding methionine to the medium reverses the reproduction defects, but does not affect the long lifespan resulted from CR. The beneficial effect of methionine on reproduction requires the yolk protein vitellogenin. CR down-regulates vitellogenin expression, which can be reversed by supplementing methionine in the food. Lacking the yolk protein transport due to rme-2 mutation blocks methionine's beneficial effects. Our study has revealed a novel, methionine-mediated genetic pathway linking nutrient sensing to reproduction and suggested methionine as a potential food supplement to mitigate the side effect of CR.

2.
Metabolism ; : 154182, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061660

RESUMO

The impairment of podocyte protein filtration function caused by excessive mitochondrial calcium intake is a critical feature of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Ca2+ channel transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) has been reported to protect against ischemia-reperfusion induced acute renal injury, but there is no report about its role in DN. Here, we report that dietary capsaicin potently inhibits and reverses chronic renal structural and functional damages in db/db or streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice in a TRPV1-dependent manner. Activation of TRPV1 by capsaicin alleviated hyperglycemia-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in podocytes, accompanied by reduced mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs) formation and fewer Ca2+ transport from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to mitochondria. Mechanistically, TRPV1-mediated transient Ca2+ influx activated 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) that reduced the transcription of Fundc1, a key molecule participating in MAMs formation. Inhibition of AMPK or overexpression of Fundc1 obviously blocked the inhibitory effect of capsaicin on MAMs formation and functional decline in podocytes. These findings emphasize the critical role of mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis in the maintenance of normal renal function and suggest an effective intervention method to counteract DN.

3.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057061

RESUMO

Pristine metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have received much attention in recent years due to their high specific surface areas, large porosity, excellent pore size distributions, flexible structure, and remarkable catalytic properties. The design of functional MOFs that can function as efficient HER and OER catalysts is significant in solving the energy crisis but remains a big challenge. Tri-metallic metal-organic frameworks show a good application prospect in water oxidation. In this review, we are going to focus on the latest progress and future trends in the development of pristine trimetallic MOFs with respect to the OER. The synergistic effect between multi-metal active sites is effective at improving the intrinsic activity of MOFs toward the OER. By summarizing the synthesis method of tri-metallic MOFs and observing their performance toward the oxygen evolution reaction, we hope that this review will trigger new developments in coordination chemistry, electrochemistry, nanomaterials and energy materials.

4.
Endocr Pract ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045288

RESUMO

Objective: Patients with DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) are undiagnosed due to its diverse manifestations. We aimed to characterize the clinical manifestations in a group of Chinese patients of DGS with childhood-onset hypoparathyroidism (HP) as the primary referral, and to report a novel TBX1 mutation. Methods: In this single-center observational study, clinical features and biochemical indices were recorded in 26 patients with DGS and 114 patients with idiopathic HP (IHP). In vitro functional experiment was launched to analyze the novel TBX1 missense mutation. Results: Compared with 114 patients of IHP (19.1 [13.5, 27.3] years old), 26 patients of DGS (14.9 [10.4, 20.3] years old) had the following differences: an earlier onset age of hypocalcemia; higher levels of serum parathyroid hormone, with a similar disease course; and lower doses of vitamin D preparation therapy. Among the 26 patients of DGS, only 3 of them were clinically diagnosed as this syndrome prior to genetic testing. A total of 25 patients of DGS were verified to have TBX1 deletion and one case with a novel missense mutation of TBX1. The novel p.Y490C in TBX1, located in the transactivation domain, was verified to decrease the transcriptional activity of the TBX1 protein. Conclusions: In this Chinese group of patients with DGS-related HP, a relatively earlier onset age and less severity of HP were found compared to that of patients with IHP. Less common extra-parathyroid manifestations are clues for diagnosis of DGS. Additionally, our discovery of a novel TBX1 missense mutation expands the mutation database of DGS.

5.
Trials ; 21(1): 169, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine syndrome with poorly understood mechanisms. To provide patients with PCOS with individualized therapy, it is critical to precisely diagnose the phenotypes of the disease. However, the criteria for diagnosing the different phenotypes are mostly based on symptoms, physical examination and laboratory results. This study aims to compare the accuracy and efficacy of diagnosing PCOS by integrating metabolomic markers with common clinical characteristics. METHODS: This is a prospective, multicenter, analyst-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Participants will be grouped into (1) people without PCOS (healthy control group), (2) patients diagnosed with PCOS based on clinical indices (experimental group 1), and (3) patients diagnosed with PCOS based on metabolomic indices (experimental group 2). A total of 276 participants, including 60 healthy people and 216 patients with PCOS, will be recruited. The 216 patients with PCOS will be randomly assigned to the two experimental groups in a 1:1 ratio, and each group will receive a different 6-month treatment. The primary outcome for the experimental groups will be the effect of PCOS treatment. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial should help to determine whether using metabolomic indices is more accurate and effective than using clinical characteristics in diagnosing the phenotypes of PCOS. The results could provide a solid foundation for the accurate diagnosis of different PCOS subgroups and for future research on individualized PCOS therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ID: ChiCTR-INR-1800016346. Registered 26 May 2018.

6.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 56, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eimeria spp. are responsible for chicken coccidiosis which is the most important enteric protozoan disease resulting in tremendous economic losses in the poultry industry. Understanding the interaction between the avian cecal microbiota and coccidia is of interest in the development of alternative treatments that do not rely on chemotherapeutics and do not lead to drug resistance. METHODS: We utilized 16S rRNA gene sequencing to detect the dynamics of the cecal microbial community in AA broilers challenged with Eimeria tenella. Histopathological analysis of the cecum was also conducted. RESULTS: We found that microbial shifts occur during the infection. Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium, Ruminococcaceae UCG-013, Romboutsia and Shuttleworthia decreased in abundance. However, the opportunistic pathogens Enterococcus and Streptococcus increased in abundance over time in response to the infection. CONCLUSIONS: Eimeria tenella disrupts the integrity of the cecal microbiota and could promote the establishment and growth of potentially pathogenic bacteria. Defining bacterial populations affected by coccidial infection might help identify bacterial markers for intestinal disease as well as populations or species that could be beneficial in maintaining and restoring gut homeostasis during and after infection with E. tenella.

7.
Alcohol Alcohol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047899

RESUMO

AIMS: Alcohol abuse has attracted public attention and chronic alcohol exposure can result in irreversible structural changes in the brain. The molecular mechanisms underlying alcohol neurotoxicity are complex, mandating comprehensive mining of spatial protein expression profile. METHODS: In this study, mice models of chronic alcohol intoxication were established after 95% alcohol vapor administration for 30 consecutive days. On Day 30, striatum (the dorsal and ventral striatum) and hippocampus, the two major brain regions responsible for learning and memorizing while being sensitive to alcohol toxicity, were collected. After that, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation -based quantitative proteomic analysis were carried out for further exploration of the novel mechanisms underlying alcohol neurotoxicity. RESULTS: Proteomic results showed that in the striatum, 29 proteins were significantly up-regulated and 17 proteins were significantly down-regulated. In the hippocampus, 72 proteins were significantly up-regulated, while 2 proteins were significantly down-regulated. Analysis of the overlay proteins revealed that a total of 102 proteins were consistently altered (P < 0.05) in both hippocampus and striatum regions, including multiple keratins such as Krt6a, Krt17 and Krt5. Ingenuity pathway analysis revealed that previously reported diseases/biofunctions such as dermatological diseases and developmental disorders were enriched in those proteins. Interestingly, the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling was among the top enriched pathways in both brain regions, while multiple keratins from the GR signaling such as Krt1 and Krt17 exhibited significantly opposite expression patterns in the two brain nuclei. Moreover, there are several other involved pathways significantly differed between the hippocampus and striatum. CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed brain regional differences upon alcohol consumption and indicated the critical involvement of keratins from GR signaling in alcohol neurotoxicity. The differences in proteomic results between the striatum and hippocampus suggested a necessity of taking into consideration brain regional differences and intertwined signaling pathways rather than merely focusing on single nuclei or molecule during the study of drug-induced neurotoxicity in the future.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(2): 96, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029708

RESUMO

Cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP), an antimicrobial peptide, was reported to protect against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, the effect of CRAMP on pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy was unknown. This study explored the role of CRAMP on cardiac hypertrophy. A cardiac hypertrophy mouse model was induced by aortic banding surgery. Seven days after surgery, mice were given mCRAMP by intraperitoneal injection (8 mg/kg/d) for 7 weeks. Cardiac hypertrophy was evaluated by the hypertrophic response and fibrosis level as well as cardiac function. Mice were also injected with AAV9-shCRAMP to knockdown CRAMP in the mouse heart. CRAMP levels first increased and then reduced in the remodeling heart, as well as in angiotensin II-stimulated endothelial cells but not in cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts. mCRAMP protected against the pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling process, while CRAMP knockdown accelerated this process. mCRAMP reduced the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in the hypertrophic heart, while mCRAMP deficiency deteriorated the pressure overload-induced inflammatory response and oxidative stress. mCRAMP inhibited the angiotensin II-stimulated hypertrophic response and oxidative stress in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, but mCRAMP did not help the angiotensin II-induced inflammatory response and oxidative stress in endothelial cells. Mechanistically, we found that mCRAMP suppressed the cardiac hypertrophic response by activating the IGFR1/PI3K/AKT pathway via directly binding to IGFR1. AKT knockout mice completely reversed the anti-hypertrophic effect of mCRAMP but not its anti-oxidative effect. We also found that mCRAMP ameliorated cardiac oxidative stress by activating the TLR9/AMPKa pathway. This was confirmed by a TLR9 knockout mouse experiment, in which a TLR9 knockout partly reversed the anti-hypertrophic effect of mCRAMP and completely counteracted the anti-oxidative effect of mCRAMP. In summary, mCRAMP protected against pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy by activating both the IGFR1/PI3K/AKT and TLR9/AMPKa pathways in cardiomyocytes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tigecycline is an antibacterial restricted for use against carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP). This study aimed to identify the tigecycline-resistance mechanism in clinical CRKP isolates obtained from a 60-year-old female during tigecycline treatment. METHODS: Three K. pneumoniae isolates obtained during tigecycline treatment were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST), pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST), whole-genome sequencing and analyzing. The function of ramR was confirmed by gene complementation. RESULTS: Three K. pneumoniae isolates named W814, W112, and W113 were collected on days 0, 10 and 13 respectively, from an ongoing tigecycline treatment. The AST results showed resistance to all antibiotics except tigecycline and ceftazidime/avibactam. The tigecycline minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for W814 and W112 was 4 mg/L, compared to W113 MIC of 16 mg/L. These three strains belonged to ST11 and their PGFE analysis showed a similar pattern. The ISKpn18 insertion sequence (IS) in ramR was identified in W113. A parent strain transformed with the plasmid pCR2.1-Hyg carrying ramR enhanced tigecycline susceptibility, thus confirming that loss-of-function insertion in ramR contributes to tigecycline resistance. CONCLUSION: ISKpn18 insertion in the ramR gene contributes to the tigecycline-resistance mechanism in the isolated K. pneumoniae strains.

10.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1139, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita (SEDC) is an extremely rare inherited chondrodysplasia characterized by abnormal epiphyses, short stature, and flattened vertebral bodies. We investigate the phenotypes and the disease-associated variants of SEDC in two unrelated Chinese families. METHODS: We identified disease-associated variants in two nonconsanguineous families with SEDC using targeted next-generation sequencing and confirmed the variants using Sanger sequencing. We investigated the phenotypes of the patients, including clinical manifestations, bone turnover biomarkers, bone mineral density and skeletal radiographic features. RESULTS: Two probands were diagnosed as SEDC according to the phenotypes of disproportionately short-trunk stature, kyphosis, lumbar lordosis and adduction deformity of hips. Radiographs revealed kyphosis and lumbar lordosis, flattened vertebral bodies, compressed femoral heads and shortening of the femurs. Bone mineral density of the probands was lower than that of age- and gender-matched normal children, but bone turnover biomarker levels were within normal range. Two novel heterozygous missense variants (NM_001844.5: c.1654 G>A, NP_001835.3: p.Gly552Arg; NM_001844.5: c.3518G>T, NP_001835.3: p.Gly1173Val) in collagen type II alpha 1 chain (COL2A1) were detected in the two families, which would impair the formation of stable triple-helical type II collagen. CONCLUSIONS: We identified two novel disease-associated variants in COL2A1, which led to severe SEDC. Our findings expanded the gene variant spectrum and phenotypic spectrum of extremely rare type II collagenopathies.

11.
Anal Chem ; 92(3): 2642-2648, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918545

RESUMO

Based on structural optimization work, probes 9-11 with practical activity and selectivity in tissue as well as living cell lines are well designed and synthesized. All the probes showed potent inhibitory and acceptable cell toxicity compared with the commercially available p53-MDM2 inhibitor Nutlin-3, and can increase the protein expression level of p53 and MDM2 in the A549 cell line; in particular, probes 10 and 11 can increase the protein expression level of p53 better than Nutlin-3. Moreover, their application in imaging and detecting wild-type p53-MDM2 protein-protein interactions have been well demonstrated in at the cell and tissue levels. Overall, these environmentally sensitive fluorescent turn-on probes are affordable and rapid for imaging, which is expected for applications in target drug screening as well as in pathologic diagnosis.

12.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(1): 57-69, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955824

RESUMO

Diterpenoid lactones (DLs), a group of furan-containing compounds found in Dioscorea bulbifera L. (DB), have been reported to be associated with hepatotoxicity. Different hepatotoxicities of these DLs have been observed in vitro, but reasonable explanations for the differential hepatotoxicity have not been provided. Herein, the present study aimed to confirm the potential factors that contribute to varied hepatotoxicity of four representative DLs (diosbulbins A, B, C, F). In vitro toxic effects were evaluated in various cell models and the interactions between DLs and CYP3A4 at the atomic level were simulated by molecular docking. Results showed that DLs exhibited varied cytotoxicities, and that CYP3A4 played a modulatory role in this process. Moreover, structural variation may cause different affinities between DLs and CYP3A4, which was positively correlated with the observation of cytotoxicity. In addition, analysis of the glutathione (GSH) conjugates indicated that reactive intermediates were formed by metabolic oxidation that occurred on the furan moiety of DLs, whereas, GSH consumption analysis reflected the consistency between the reactive metabolites and the hepatotoxicity. Collectively, our findings illustrated that the metabolic regulation played a crucial role in generating the varied hepatotoxicity of DLs.

13.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1115, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the retinal transcriptome changes in long-term streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rats' retinas using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), to explore the molecular mechanisms of diabetic retinopathy (DR), and to identify novel targets for the treatment of DR by comparing the gene expression profile we obtained. METHODS: In this study, 6 healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into wild-type (WT) group and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced group, 3 rats each group. After 6 months, 3 normal retina samples and 3 DM retina samples (2 retinas from the same rat were considered as 1 sample) were tested and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were measured by RNA-seq technology. Then, we did Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis and validated the results of RNA-seq through qRT-PCR. RESULTS: A total of 118 DEGs were identified, of which 72 were up-regulated and 46 were down-regulated. The enriched GO terms showed that 3 most significant enrichment terms were binding (molecular function), cell part (cellular component), and biological regulation (biological process). The results of the KEGG pathway analysis revealed a significant enrichment in cell adhesion molecules, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and allograft rejection, etc. CONCLUSION: Our research has identified specific DEGs and also speculated their potential functions, which will provide novel targets to explore the molecular mechanisms of DR.

14.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960419

RESUMO

Lymphoma-associated haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (L-HLH) is characterized by excessively activated macrophages and cytotoxic T lymphocytes, but few reliable markers for activated macrophages are available clinically. This study, designed to discover novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of lymphoma patients with L-HLH, was initiated between 2016 and 2018. Fifty-seven adult lymphoma patients were enrolled - 39 without HLH and 18 with HLH. The differential serum protein expression profile was first screened between lymphoma patients with and without L-HLH by a quantitative mass spectrometric approach. Soluble V-set and immunoglobulin domain-containing 4 (sVSIG4), specifically expressed by macrophages, was significantly upregulated in the L-HLH group. Subsequently, sVSIG4 concentration was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to be significantly increased in lymphoma patients with L-HLH. When it was exploited for the diagnosis of lymphoma patients with L-HLH, the area under a receiver operating characteristic curve was 0·98 with an optimal cut-off point of 2195 pg/ml and the corresponding sensitivity and specificity were 94·44% and 94·87% respectively. In addition, the one-year overall survival was significantly worse in patients with a sVSIG4 concentration above 2195 pg/ml compared with those below 2195 pg/ml (5·3% vs. 72·2%, P < 0·0001). sVSIG4 may be a surrogate marker of activated macrophages for the diagnosis of lymphoma patients with L-HLH.

15.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942800

RESUMO

Trichloroethylene (TCE), a widely used industrial solvent, is a common environmental contaminant. We previously reported that TCE-induced changes in DNA methylation and miRNA expression contributed to the development of a liver tumor in mice. In this study, we investigated the role of long intergenic noncoding RNA (LincRNA), another type of epigenetic modification, in TCE hepatocarcinogenesis. Male B6C3F1 mice were gavaged with TCE at dose levels of 0, 100, 500, and 1000 mg/kg b.w. for 5 days. The expression changes of LincRNAs in liver samples from control and TCE-exposed mice were screened by microarray. When compared to the control group, 21 and 29 LincRNAs were upregulated and downregulated, respectively, in the liver of mice exposed to TCE at 1000 mg/kg b.w. In addition, TCE treatment increased the expression levels of LincRNA-GM8704 but decreased the expression levels of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 in a dose-dependent manner. We further found that the mRNAs that are highly correlated with the expression of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 are involved in a number of cancer-related signaling pathways including PPARs, cell cycle, and ErbB and p53 signaling pathways. Among the expression-correlated mRNAs, Cdkn1a was found to be a downstream target gene of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2. To follow up on that, we also found that miR-182-5p might mediate the association between downregulation of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 and upregulation of Cdkn1a, leading to increased cell proliferation in TCE exposed liver cells. In conclusion, TCE induced extensive LincRNA expression changes in mouse liver, and the downregulation of LiverLincs_chr17_4383_2 might contribute to TCE hepatocarcinogenesis by interacting with miR-182-5p and Cdkn1a.

16.
Eur Neurol ; : 1-7, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of reversible splenial lesion syndrome (RESLES) in adult patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed using clinical, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), laboratory results, and neuroimaging data obtained from 6 adult RESLES patients. RESULTS: All 6 patients (3 male cases, 3 female cases) were determined to be acute or subacute onset, most of them associated with infection or fever. All initial MRI data exhibited splenium of corpus callosum lesions with hypointensity on T1WI, hyperintensity on T2WI, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and Flair, without significant gadolinium enhancement. Five patients were treated with glucocorticoids and showed significant improvement in 1-15 days, with the lesion having disappeared or weakened, and one case was lost of follow-up. The cell number and protein amount in CSF were determined to be at normal levels, or slightly increased in 3 patients with thyroid dysfunction. CONCLUSION: The etiology of adult RESLES was observed to be complex and diverse, primarily related to infection, fever, and thyroid dysfunction. DWI was found to be more sensitive in these lesions, and CSF cytology was observed to be either normal or mildly abnormal. A majority of patients were found to be sensitive to glucocorticoid, and have a good prognosis with lesions that disappeared rapidly.

17.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 2, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: L-ornithine is a valuable amino acid with a wide range of applications in the pharmaceutical and food industries. However, the production of L-ornithine by fermentation cannot compete with other methods, because of the low titers produced with this technique. Development of fermentation techniques that result in a high yield of L-ornithine and efficient strategies for improving L-ornithine production are essential. RESULTS: This study demonstrates that tween 40, a surfactant promoter of the production of glutamate and arginine, improves L-ornithine production titers in engineered C. glutamicum S9114. The intracellular metabolism under tween 40 triggered fermentation conditions was explored using a quantitative proteomic approach, identifying 48 up-regulated and 132 down-regulated proteins when compared with the control. Numerous proteins were identified as membrane proteins or functional proteins involved in the biosynthesis of the cell wall. Modulation of those genes revealed that the overexpression of CgS9114_09558 and the deletion of CgS9114_13845, CgS9114_02593, and CgS9114_02058 improved the production of L-ornithine in the engineered strain of C. glutamicum Orn8. The final strain with all the exploratory metabolic engineering manipulations produced 25.46 g/L of L-ornithine, and a yield of 0.303 g L-ornithine per g glucose, which was 30.6% higher than that produced by the original strain (19.5 g/L). CONCLUSION: These results clearly demonstrate the positive effect of tween 40 addition on L-ornithine accumulation. Proteome analysis was performed to examine the impact of tween 40 addition on the physiological changes in C. glutamicum Orn8 and the results showed several promising modulation targets for developing L-ornithine-producing strains.

18.
Phytochem Anal ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916640

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dispensing granule, an innovative product of traditional Chinese medicine decoction, is widely practiced in clinic. As a prerequisite to support the clinical medication, quality consistency between dispensing granule and traditional decoction need to be evaluated. Furthermore, a generally applicable strategy for consistency evaluation of dispensing granule is needed. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to propose an integrated quality-based strategy to assess consistency between dispensing granule and traditional decoction taking Coptidis Rhizoma (CR) as a case study. METHODOLOGY: For chemical consistency evaluation, efficacy-related Coptis alkaloids were quantified with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The "Mean ± 3SD" of analyte contents in traditional decoction was considered as the criterion of consistency. And, as auxiliary analysis, principal component analysis (PCA) was employed for data visualisation. For biological consistency evaluation, two one-side t-tests and 90% confidence intervals of the geometric mean ratio of antibacterial zone diameter and 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) of α-glucosidase inhibition were calculated. The scope of 80.00% to 125.00% was taken as in vitro bioequivalence interval. It was considered internally consistent with traditional decoction when the chemical and biological indices of dispensing granule fulfilled the preset criteria simultaneously. RESULTS: Eight out of 20 batches of CR dispensing granule were demonstrated consistent with traditional decoction in chemistry and biological activities. CONCLUSIONS: A generally applicable strategy was recommended that integrates chemical and biological characteristics for consistency evaluation of dispensing granule.

19.
Anal Chem ; 92(3): 2764-2769, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940175

RESUMO

IgG-like multispecific antibodies with asymmetric constructs have become widely used formats for therapeutic applications in recent years. Correct assembly of the subunits in this class of therapeutics is a critical quality attribute (CQA) with direct impact on biological activity. Therefore, early drug development efforts such as clone selection during cell line development must be guided by information on potential chain mispairing to enable timely decision making and risk mitigation. Here we describe a high-throughput analytical platform based on denaturing size-exclusion ultraperformance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled with intact protein mass spectrometry for profiling of mispairing and other product-related impurities, including half antibodies. This method can be performed directly on the clarified cell culture harvest fluid without the need for Protein A purification or other sample preparations and provides unbiased information on the product quality of the clones and the effect of growth conditions in a fast and cost-effective manner. Screening large numbers of clones expressing different trispecific antibody (tsAb) constructs revealed that although chain mispairing primarily depends on the antibody sequence and structure, it is also a characteristic of the clone. In addition, different growth conditions may affect the type and distribution of half antibodies and mispaired species impurities but not the quality ranking of the clones.

20.
Int J Oncol ; 56(1): 193-205, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789390

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the development and progression of lung cancer may improve early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. The aim of the present study was to examine the pathogenesis of lung cancer and to identify potentially novel biomarkers. Gene expression datasets of patients with lung cancer were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus. Genes which were most closely associated with lung cancer (core genes) were screened by weighted gene co­expression network analysis. In vitro cell based experiments were further utilized to verify the effects of the core genes on the proliferation of lung cancer cells, adhesion between cells and the matrix, and the associated metabolic pathways. Based on WGCNA screening, two gene modules and five core genes closely associated with lung cancer, including immunoglobulin superfamily member 10 (IGSF10) from the turquoise module, and ribonucleotide reductase regulatory subunit M2, protein regulator of cytokinesis 1, kinesin family member (KIF)14 and KIF2C from the brown module were identified as relevant. Survival analysis and differential gene expression analysis showed that there were significant differences in IGSF10 expression levels between the healthy controls and patients with lung cancer. In patients with lung cancer, IGSF10 expression was decreased, and the overall survival time of patients with lung cancer was significantly shortened. An MTT and colony formation assay showed that IGSF10­knockout significantly increased proliferation of lung cancer cells, and Transwell assays and adhesion experiments further suggested that the adhesion between cells and the matrix was significantly increased in IGSF10­knockout cells. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis showed that the expression level of IGSF10 was significantly associated with the activation of the integrin­ß1/focal adhesion kinase (FAK) pathway. Western blotting revealed that knockout of IGSF10 resulted in the activation of the integrin­ß1/FAK pathway, as the protein expression levels of integrin­ß1, phosphorylated (p)­FAK and p­AKT were significantly upregulated. Activation of the integrin­ß1/FAK pathway, following knockout of IGSF10, affected the proliferation and adhesion of lung cancer cells. Therefore, IGSF10 my serve as a potential prognostic marker of lung cancer.

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